Why Would You Need To Enter Septic Tank? (Question)

It ensures that the plumbing system of the house will not be filled with organic matter or scum, or solids such as grease, oil, or soil. This system also helps to separate wastewater properly so that the groundwater will not be contaminated and cause a health and environmental problem in your property.

  • Safe: In the unlikely event you have a blockage that causes waste to back up into your home, with a septic tank you know where that waste came from. On a municipal system, a back-up can bring pathogens from the entire community into your tubs, sinks, and toilets, depending on the location and severity of the backup.

What are the signs that your septic tank is full?

Here are some of the most common warning signs that you have a full septic tank:

  • Your Drains Are Taking Forever.
  • Standing Water Over Your Septic Tank.
  • Bad Smells Coming From Your Yard.
  • You Hear Gurgling Water.
  • You Have A Sewage Backup.
  • How often should you empty your septic tank?

Why would some people need to use septic tanks?

Septic tanks eliminate waste by using the natural filtering process of the soil. Bacteria is filtered by the soil once the wastewater is out of the septic tank, which makes the water safe to re-use. The use of septic tanks allows for local water tables to be naturally replenished.

Should washing machine water go into septic tank?

Wastewater from your washing machine and dishwasher may either go to your septic tank and/or cesspool or to a separate disposal system called a dry well. This wastewater can be problematic due to its high concentrations of soaps and detergents, grease and paper.

Is my septic tank full or clogged?

If the septic tank is completely clogged, water will back up into the house quickly. If the septic tank is only partially clogged, the drains will become slow as the water struggles to wind its way down into the septic tank.

What is the most common cause of septic system failure?

Most septic systems fail because of inappropriate design or poor maintenance. Some soil-based systems (those with a drain field) are installed at sites with inadequate or inappropriate soils, excessive slopes, or high ground water tables.

How often should you drain your septic tank?

Household septic tanks are typically pumped every three to five years. Alternative systems with electrical float switches, pumps, or mechanical components should be inspected more often, generally once a year.

Is it bad to have a septic tank?

One of the biggest disadvantages of septic systems are the hassles that comes with sewage backup, which is generally a sign of clogging in the tank or drain field pipes. When backups occur, the problem is more serious than a simple household drain clog because the obstruction won’t be found just inches down the drain.

How many loads of laundry can I do a day with a septic tank?

Spread Out Laundry Loads These use less water which puts less stress on your septic system. Regardless of the type of appliance you have, you should still spread out your loads. Instead of doing several loads in one day, consider doing 1 load per day or space out 2 loads if you must do more in a single day.

Can you use bleach in laundry with a septic tank?

Moderate use of bleach will not throw your septic system out of balance. Moderate use is the amount used in one normal size load of laundry (3/4 cup) or the amount used in an application of toilet bowl cleaner.

How much does it cost to pump a septic tank?

How much does it cost to pump out a septic tank? The average cost is $300, but can run up to $500, depending on your location. The tank should be pumped out every three to five years.

Will toilet flush if septic tank is full?

Toilets Flush Slowly When your septic tank is excessively full, your toilet may start acting odd. You might find that your toilet doesn’t fully flush or flushes very slowly and odd noises occur when you flush your toilet. These noises usually sound like gurgling or bubbling.

Does shower water go into septic tank?

From your house to the tank: Most, but not all, septic systems operate via gravity to the septic tank. Each time a toilet is flushed, water is turned on or you take a shower, the water and waste flows via gravity through the plumbing system in your house and ends up in the septic tank.

Can heavy rain cause septic backup?

It is common to have a septic back up after or even during a heavy rain. Significant rainfall can quickly flood the ground around the soil absorption area (drainfield) leaving it saturated, making it impossible for water to flow out of your septic system.

How to Care for Your Septic System

Septic system maintenance is neither difficult or expensive, and it does not have to be done frequently. The maintenance of a vehicle is comprised of four major components:

  • Inspect and pump on a regular basis. Make Efficient Use of Water
  • Waste should be disposed of properly. Maintain the condition of your drainfield.

Inspect and Pump Frequently

Inspection of the ordinary residential septic system should be performed by a septic service specialist at least once every three years. Household septic tanks are normally pumped every three to five years, depending on how often they are used. Alternative systems that use electrical float switches, pumps, or mechanical components should be examined more frequently, typically once a year, to ensure that they are in proper working order. Because alternative systems contain mechanical components, it is essential to have a service contract.

  • The size of the household
  • The total amount of wastewater produced
  • The amount of solids present in wastewater
  • The size of the septic tank

Service provider coming? Here is what you need to know.

When you contact a septic service provider, he or she will inspect your septic tank for leaks as well as the scum and sludge layers that have built up over time. Maintain detailed records of any maintenance work conducted on your septic system. Because of the T-shaped outlet on the side of your tank, sludge and scum will not be able to escape from the tank and travel to the drainfield region. A pumping is required when the bottom of the scum layer or the top of the sludge layer is within six inches of the bottom of the outlet, or if the top of the sludge layer is within 12 inches of the bottom of the outlet.

In the service report for your system, the service provider should mention the completion of repairs as well as the condition of the tank.

An online septic finder from the National Onsite Wastewater Recycling Association (NOWRA) makes it simple to identify service specialists in your region.

Use Water Efficiently

In a normal single-family house, the average indoor water consumption is about 70 gallons per person, per day, on average. A single leaking or running toilet can waste as much as 200 gallons of water each day, depending on the situation. The septic system is responsible for disposing of all of the water that a residence sends down its pipes. The more water that is conserved in a household, the less water that enters the sewage system. A septic system that is operated efficiently will operate more efficiently and will have a lower chance of failure.

  • Toilets with a high level of efficiency. The usage of toilets accounts for 25 to 30% of total home water use. Many older homes have toilets with reservoirs that hold 3.5 to 5 gallons of water, but contemporary, high-efficiency toilets consume 1.6 gallons or less of water for each flush. Changing out your old toilets for high-efficiency versions is a simple approach to lessen the amount of household water that gets into your septic system. Aerators for faucets and high-efficiency showerheads are also available. Reduce water use and the volume of water entering your septic system by using faucet aerators, high-efficiency showerheads, and shower flow restriction devices. Machines for washing clothes. Water and energy are wasted when little loads of laundry are washed on the large-load cycle of your washing machine. By selecting the appropriate load size, you may limit the amount of water wasted. If you are unable to specify a load size, only complete loads of washing should be performed. Washing machine use should be spread throughout the week if at all possible. Doing all of your household laundry in one day may appear to be a time-saving strategy
  • Nevertheless, it can cause damage to your septic system by denying your septic tank adequate time to handle waste and may even cause your drainfield to overflow. Machines that have earned theENERGY STARlabel consume 35 percent less energy and 50 percent less water than ordinary ones, according to the Environmental Protection Agency. Other Energy Star appliances can save you a lot of money on your energy and water bills.

Properly Dispose of Waste

Everything that goes down your drains, whether it’s flushed down the toilet, ground up in the trash disposal, or poured down the sink, shower, or bath, ends up in your septic system, which is where it belongs. What you flush down the toilet has an impact on how effectively your septic system functions.

Toilets aren’t trash cans!

Your septic system is not a garbage disposal system.

A simple rule of thumb is to never flush anything other than human waste and toilet paper down the toilet. Never flush a toilet:

  • Cooking grease or oil
  • Wipes that are not flushable, such as baby wipes or other wet wipes
  • Photographic solutions
  • Feminine hygiene items Condoms
  • Medical supplies such as dental floss and disposable diapers, cigarette butts and coffee grounds, cat litter and paper towels, pharmaceuticals, and household chemicals such as gasoline and oil, insecticides, antifreeze, and paint or paint thinners

Cooking grease or oil; nonflushable wipes, such as baby wipes or other wet wipes; photographic solutions; feminine hygiene products; and other substances. Condoms; Medical supplies such as dental floss and disposable diapers, cigarette butts and coffee grounds, cat litter and paper towels, pharmaceuticals, and household chemicals such as gasoline and oil, insecticides, antifreeze, and paint or paint thinners;

Think at the sink!

Your septic system is made up of a collection of living organisms that digest and treat the waste generated by your household. Pouring pollutants down your drain can kill these organisms and cause damage to your septic system as well as other things. Whether you’re at the kitchen sink, the bathtub, or the utility sink, remember the following:

  • If you have a clogged drain, avoid using chemical drain openers. To prevent this from happening, use hot water or a drain snake
  • Never dump cooking oil or grease down the sink or toilet. It is never a good idea to flush oil-based paints, solvents, or huge quantities of harmful cleansers down the toilet. Even latex paint waste should be kept to a bare minimum. Disposal of rubbish should be avoided or limited to a minimum. Fats, grease, and particles will be considerably reduced in your septic tank, reducing the likelihood of your drainfield being clogged.

Own a recreational vehicle (RV), boat or mobile home?

If you have ever spent any time in an RV or boat, you are undoubtedly familiar with the issue of aromas emanating from sewage holding tanks.

  • The National Small Flows Clearinghouse’s Septic System Care hotline, which may be reached toll-free at 800-624-8301, has a factsheet on safe wastewater disposal for RV, boat, and mobile home owners and operators.

Maintain Your Drainfield

It is critical that you maintain the integrity of your drainfield, which is a component of your septic system that filters impurities from the liquid that emerges from your septic tank once it has been installed. Here are some things you should do to keep it in good condition:

  • Parking: Do not park or drive on your drainfield at any time. Plan your tree plantings so that their roots do not grow into your drainfield or septic system. An experienced septic service provider can recommend the appropriate distance for your septic tank and surrounding landscaping, based on your specific situation. Locating Your Drainfield: Keep any roof drains, sump pumps, and other rainfall drainage systems away from the drainfield area. Excess water causes the wastewater treatment process to slow down or halt completely.

Septic System Basics

When a household isn’t connected to a public sewage system, it normally relies on septic systems to treat and dispose of wastewater. Sewage treatment systems require a substantial financial commitment. The correct maintenance and upkeep of a well-designed, installed, and maintained system will provide years of dependable and low-cost service. The failure of a system can become a source of pollution and public health concern, resulting in property damage, ground and surfacewater pollution (such as contamination of well water used by you and your neighbors), and the spread of disease.

Aside from that, if you are planning to sell your property, your septic system has to be in good functioning order.

Septic systems are available in a variety of configurations to accommodate a wide range of soil and site conditions.

A conventional septic tank system is composed of three major components:

  • This is known as the Septic Tank. In order to remove particles from wastewater, store and partially decompose as much solid material as possible, while allowing the liquid (or effluent) to flow to the drainfield, a septic tank must be installed. more
  • The Drainage System After the particles have settled in the septic tank, the liquid wastewater (also known as effluent) is released to the drainfield, which is also known as an absorption or leach field, or both. more
  • The Soil is a very important factor. The soil under the drainfield is responsible for the ultimate treatment and disposal of the septic tank effluent once it has been treated. Following the passage of wastewater into the soil, organisms in the soil remediate the effluent before it percolates downward and outward, eventually entering ground or surface water sources. A drainfield’s efficacy is also affected by the kind of soil
  • For example, clay soils may be too tight to allow much wastewater to run through, while gravelly soil may be too coarse to give much treatment.
  • Septic System Inspection Done at Home In order to aid you in examining your system, a VideoField Guide and Checklist may be available at the bottom of the homepage.
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Homeowners and residents have a significant impact on the functioning of their septic systems. Overloading the system with more water than it is capable of handling might result in system failure. A septic system can also be damaged by the improper disposal of chemicals or excess organic waste, such as that produced by a trash disposal. The following maintenance suggestions might assist you in ensuring that your system provides long-term, effective treatment of domestic waste.

Inspect and Pump Frequently

The most critical step in keeping your septic tank in good working order is to eliminate sludge and scum build-up before it may flow into the drainfield. The frequency with which your tank has to be pumped is determined by the size of the tank, the number of people in your family, the quantity of water utilized, and the amount of solids (from humans, garbage disposal, and any other waste) that enter the tank’s drainage system.

Tanks should be pumped out on average every 3 to 5 years, depending on usage. For further information, please see:

  • Septic Inspection and Pumping Guide
  • Inspecting Your Septic Tank
  • Septic Inspection and Pumping Guide

Use Water Efficiently

Instructions on how to perform a septic inspection and pumping. Inspecting Your Septic Tank.

  • Indoor Water Conservation
  • Every gallon of water conserved equates to a savings of $1.00.

Minimize Solid Waste Disposal

What you flush down the toilet can have a significant influence on the performance of your septic system. Many things do not breakdown properly, and as a result, they accumulate in your septic tank. If you have the option of disposing of it in another manner, do so rather than introducing it into your system.

Keep Chemicals Out of Your System

Protect your septic system against home chemicals such as caustic drain openers, paint and pesticides. Also avoid flushing down the toilet with chemicals such as brake fluid, gasoline, and motor oil. The improper dumping of dangerous substances down the drain is damaging to the environment, as well as the bacteria that are necessary for the breakdown of wastes in a septic system, and should be avoided.

Septic System Additives

Make sure that home chemicals such as caustic drain openers, paint, insecticides, photography chemicals, brake fluid, gasoline, and motor oil do not get into your septic system. Toxic chemicals disposed of improperly down the drain end up harming the ecosystem, as well as the bacteria that are necessary for the breakdown of waste in the septic system.

  • Odors, surface sewage, moist areas, or a dense growth of plants in the drainfield region are all possible problems. Backups from the plumbing or septic tank (which are often a dark liquid with a foul odor)
  • Fixtures that take a long time to drain
  • The plumbing system is making gurgling sounds. Your drainfield may be failing if you have a well and tests reveal the presence of coliform (bacteria) or nitrates in the water from it. Even in the midst of a drought, the drainfield is covered with lush green grass.

What Is A Septic Tank & How Does It Work?

Many individuals are unfamiliar with the notion of septic tanks. However, for those households that do make use of one, they are extremely important. If you’ve always lived in a property that has been linked to the city’s main sewage system, it’s likely that you haven’t ever heard of a septic tank, let alone understood what it is. What a septic tank is and how it functions will be discussed in detail in this blog.

What Is A Septic Tank?

Many individuals may be unfamiliar with the notion of septic tanks. One is, nonetheless, vitally important to the households that do make use of one. In the event that you’ve always lived in a home that has been linked to the city’s main sewage system, it’s likely that you haven’t even heard of a septic tank, much alone know what one is. What a septic tank is and how it works will be explained in detail in this blog.

How Does A Septic Tank Work?

It is the job of a septic tank to break down organic waste and separate it from floatable substances (such as oils and fats) and solids in wastewater. Two pipelines will be installed to connect a septic tank (for inlet and outlet). Septic tanks are equipped with intake pipes, which are used to convey water waste from homes and collect it in the tank. It is stored here for a sufficient amount of time to allow the solid and liquid waste to be separated from one another. The second pipe is the pipe that goes out.

  1. This pipe transports pre-processed effluent from the septic tank and disperses it evenly over the land and watercourses of the area.
  2. (as seen in the illustration above) The top layer is comprised of oils and grease, and it floats above the rest of the waste.
  3. Wastewater and waste particles are found in the intermediate layer of the wastewater system.
  4. Bacteria in the tank try their best to break down the solid waste, which then allows liquids to separate and drain away more readily from the tank.

What is left at the bottom of the tank must be removed on a regular basis as part of the tank’s basic maintenance. This is one of the reasons why a septic tank is considered to be a rudimentary type of sewage disposal.

The Step-by-step Process of How a Septic Tank Works

  1. Water from your kitchen, bathroom, and other areas drains into a single main drainage pipe that leads to your septic tank. The septic tank, which is located underground, begins the process of storing waste water. It must maintain this condition for an extended period of time so that particles settle to the bottom and oil and grease float to the top. Following the completion of this operation, the liquid wastewater (effluent) will be allowed to escape the tank and enter the drainfield. This effluent is dumped into the environment through pipelines onto porous materials. The soil is able to filter wastewater through the use of these. In the process of percolating through the soil, wastewater is accepted, treated, and dispersed by the soil
  2. The wastewater eventually discharges into groundwater. Last but not least, the wastewater percolates into the soil, where it is naturally removed from the environment by coliform bacteria, viruses and nutrients.

Christian Heritage

A single main drainage pipe transports water from your kitchen, bathroom, and other areas to your septic tank. The septic tank, which is located underground, begins the process of collecting and storing wastewater. Solids must sink to the bottom for a long enough period of time, allowing for the accumulation of oil and grease on their way to the surface. This technique will allow liquid wastewater (effluent) to depart the tank and into the drain field once it has been treated; This effluent is dumped into the environment through pipelines onto porous ground surfaces.

As wastewater percolates through the soil and eventually discharges into groundwater, the soil takes, processes, and disperses it.

Septic Tank Safety Warnings

Please adhere to these safety precautions at all times.

  • Do not bend over the opening of a septic tank or push your head into the tank to see its inside – you might be overpowered by fumes, fall into the tank, and suffocate. Leave tank cleaning and maintenance to the hands of skilled specialists only. Never enter a septic tank unless you have received special training and are wearing specialized equipment and clothing designed specifically for the task, such as a self-contained breathing apparatus. If you are not equipped with a self-contained breathing equipment, you should not enter a septic tank to rescue someone who has fallen in and become overpowered by fumes. Instead, contact for emergency services and place one or more fans at the top of the septic tank to allow fresh air to circulate through the tank
  • Never work alone in or around a septic tank
  • It is extremely dangerous. Don’t use any open flames or smoke cigarettes near or around the fuel tank. This has the potential to trigger an explosion. Inspect the tank and its access ports to ensure that the covers are solid and secure, that they do not collapse, and that they cannot be removed or shoved aside by youngsters or animals. Keep an eye out for septic systems that are outdated and crumbling. Unsafe septic tank covers have resulted in the deaths of children, adults, dogs, horses, and other livestock in abandoned septic tanks. Be on the lookout for signs of sinking soil, rusted-through steel septic tank covers, home-made wooden or weak tank covers, or homemade cesspools and drywells that are at risk of collapsing. Watch for electrical risks when digging outside. Make sure you don’t dig into an electrical wire and cause it to short out (or other buried mechanical line such as a gas or water line). Buried electrical lines can have a similar appearance to tree roots. Hazardous areas should be cordoned off and marked
  • Be aware for unhygienic circumstances such as surface effluent or sewage backups into buildings, incidents which mayexpose your family to major virus and bacterial dangers. Depending on the situation, professional cleaning may be required indoors. Do not drive over your septic tank or the plumbing that connects to it. It has the potential to collapse. It is necessary to protect a septic line that runs under a driveway with specific materials or to install it in a concrete-covered and protected trench of sufficient depth if the line must be routed under the road.


Septic Tank Alerts Septic Tank Alerts

How Does a Septic Tank Work?

Mr. Fix-It-Up-For-The-Family You may save a lot of money if you understand how a sewage treatment system works—and what can go wrong—so that you can handle your own septic system maintenance.

How does a septic tank work?

Pumping the tank on a regular basis eliminates sludge and scum, which helps to keep a septic system in good working order. It is possible for a well-designed and well built septic system to last for decades, or it might collapse in a matter of years. It is entirely up to you as long as you can answer the question of how do septic tanks function. Healthy septic systems are very inexpensive to maintain, but digging up and replacing a septic system that has completely collapsed may easily cost tens of thousands in labor and material costs.

It’s critical to understand how a septic tank works in order to maintain one.

Let’s take a look below ground and observe what happens in a properly operating septic system, shall we?

Understand that a septic system is a cafeteria for bacteria

Bacteria are responsible for the proper operation of a septic system. They decompose garbage, resulting in water that is clean enough to safely trickle down into the earth’s surface. The entire system is set up to keep bacteria healthy and busy at all times. Some of them reside in the tank, but the majority of them are found in the drain field. 1. The septic tank is the final destination for all waste. 2. The majority of the tank is filled with watery waste, referred to as “effluent.” Anaerobic bacteria begin to break down the organic matter in the effluent as soon as it enters the system.

  1. A layer of sludge settles to the bottom of the container.
  2. 4.
  3. Scum is primarily composed of fats, greases, and oils, among other substances.
  4. Grease and oils float to the surface of the water.
  5. (5) A filter stops the majority of particles from reaching the exit pipe.
  6. The effluent is discharged into the drain field.
  7. Effluent is allowed to seep into the surrounding gravel because of holes in the drain septic field pipe.

When gravel is used to surround pipes, water can run into the soil and oxygen can reach germs. The garbage is completely decomposed by aerobic bacteria found in gravel and dirt. 9. Potable water seeps into the groundwater and aquifer system from the surface.

Septic Tank Clean Out: Don’t abuse the system

Septic systems that have been correctly planned and constructed require just occasional ‘pumping’ to remove the sludge and scum that has built up inside the tank. However, if you don’t understand how a septic tank works, you may unintentionally hurt or even destroy the system.

  • Drains are used to dispose of waste that decomposes slowly (or not at all). Cigarette butts, diapers, and coffee grounds are all known to cause issues. Garbage disposers, if utilized excessively, can introduce an excessive amount of solid waste into the system. Lint from synthetic fibers pours from washing machines. This substance is not degraded by bacteria in the tank and drain septic field. Bacteria are killed by chemicals found in the home, such as disinfecting cleansers and antibacterial soaps. The majority of systems are capable of withstanding limited usage of these goods, but the less you use them, the better. When a large amount of wastewater is produced in a short period of time, the tank is flushed away too quickly. When there is too much sludge, bacteria’s capacity to break down waste is reduced. Sludge can also overflow into the drain field if there is too much of it. Sludge or scum plugs pores in the pipe
  • It is possible for tree and shrub roots to obstruct and cause harm to a drain field. Compacted soil and gravel prevent wastewater from seeping into the ground and deprive germs of oxygen. Most of the time, this is caused by vehicles driving or parking on the drain field.

Get your tank pumped…

Your tank must be emptied on a regular basis by a professional. Pumping eliminates the accumulation of sludge and scum that has accumulated in the tank, which has caused the bacterial action to be slowed. If you have a large tank, it may be necessary to pump it once a year; but, depending on the size of your tank and the quantity of waste you send through the system, you may go two or three years between pumpings. Inquire with your inspector about an approximate guideline for how frequently your tank should be pumped.

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…but don’t hire a pumper until you need it

It is essential that you have a professional pump out your tank at least once a month. In addition to removing sludge and scum, pumping helps to keep the tank’s bacterial activity running at its optimal level. Depending on the size of your tank and the quantity of waste you send through the system, you may need to pump your tank once a year, but it is possible to go two or three years without pumpings. For an approximate advice on how often to have your tank pumped, consult your inspector.

Install an effluent filter in your septic system

Garbage from your home settles into three distinct layers. The septic filter is responsible for preventing blockage of the drain field pipes.

Septic tank filter close-up

The septic tank filter captures suspended particles which might block the drain field pipes. Ask your contractor to place an effluent filter on the outflow line on your tank. (It will most likely cost between $50 and $100, plus labor.) This device, which helps to prevent sediments from entering the drain field, will need to be cleaned out on a regular basis by a contractor to maintain its effectiveness.

Solution for a clogged septic system

If your septic system becomes clogged and you find yourself having to clean the filter on a regular basis, you might be tempted to simply remove the filter altogether. Hold on to it. Solids, wastewater, and scum are separated into three levels in septic tanks, which allows them to function properly (see illustration above). Solids sink to the bottom of the container, where microbes breakdown them. The scum, which is made up of trash that is lighter than water, rises to the surface. In the drainage field, the middle layer of effluent leaves the tank and goes through an underground network of perforated pipes to the drainage field.

  • Keep the effluent filter in place because it is required by your state’s health code.
  • Waste particles might flow through the filter and clog the perforated pipes if the filter is not used.
  • Your filter, on the other hand, should not require cleaning every six months.
  • A good chance is high that you’re flushing filter-clogging things down the toilet, such as grease, fat, or food scraps.
  • A garbage disposal will not be able to break down food particles sufficiently to allow them to flow through the septic tank filtration system.
  • Plastic items, disposable diapers, paper towels, nonbiodegradable goods, and tobacco products will clog the system if they are flushed through it.

For additional information on what should and should not be flushed down the toilet, contact your local health authority. More information on removing lint from your laundry may be found here.

Get an inspection

Following a thorough initial inspection performed by an expert, regular inspections will cost less than $100 per inspection for the next year. Your professional will be able to inform you how often you should get your system inspected as well as how a septic tank functions. Simple as a septic system may appear, evaluating its condition truly takes an expert. There are many of professionals who would gladly pump the sludge out of your tank, but in my experience many can’t adequately explain how does a septic system operate or how it should be maintained.

A certification scheme for septic contractors has been established in certain states; check with your state’s Secretary of State’s office to see whether yours is one of them.

Also, a qualified inspector will be able to tell you whether or not your tank is large enough to accommodate your household’s needs, as well as the maximum amount of water that can be passed through it in a single day.

As you learn more about how a septic tank works, your professional should be able to tell you whether or not your system will benefit from this treatment.

Alternatives to a new drain field

If an examination or a sewage backup indicate that your drain field is in need of replacement, the only option is to replace it completely. As a result, it’s important to talk with a contractor about other possibilities before proceeding with the project.

  • Pipes should be cleaned. A rotating pressure washer, used by a contractor, may be used to clean out the drain septic field pipes. The cost of “jetting” the pipes is generally around $200. Chemicals should be used to clean the system. Ask your contractor consider treating your system with a commercial solution (not a homemade one) that increases the quantity of oxygen in the drain field. Septic-Scrub is a product that I suggest. A normal treatment will cost between $500 and $1,000. Make the soil more pliable. In regions where it’s permitted, some contractors can fracture compacted earth surrounding the pipes by injecting high-pressure air in many locations throughout the drain field, a practice called “terra-lifting.” Depending on the circumstances, this might cost less than $1,000 or as much as $4,000 or more.

Protect your drain septic field from lint

When this device is in place, it inhibits lint from entering the system, especially synthetic fibers that bacteria are unable to digest. One of these filters, which I’ve designed and termed theSeptic Protector, was invented by me. An additional filter is included in the price of around $150 plus delivery. Learn more about how to filter out laundry lint in this article.

Don’t overload the septic system

Reduce the amount of water you use. The volume of water that flows into your tank, particularly over a short period of time, can be reduced to avoid untreated waste from being flushed into your drain field. Replace outdated toilets with low-flow ones, install low-flow showerheads, and, perhaps most importantly, wash laundry throughout the week rather than just on Saturday mornings to save water.

Meet the Expert

Septic systems, according to Jim vonMeier, are the solution to America’s water deficit because they supply cleaned water to depleted aquifers, according to vonMeier. He travels the country lobbying for septic systems, giving lectures, and giving testimony. For septic system inquiries, as well as information on the operation of the septic tank, contact him by email.

Septic Tank Pumping

As a result of its ability to supply filtered water to depleted aquifers, Jim vonMeier believes that septic systems are the solution to America’s water deficit.

As an advocate for septic systems around the country, he speaks at conferences, gives lectures, and appears in court. For septic system inquiries, as well as information on the operation of the septic tank, contact him through email or letter.

How a Septic Tank Works

Box 1.Can you tell me how much solid trash you generate? The average adult consumes around one quart of food every day. The body removes just a very little percentage of this meal and utilizes it to provide energy for the body’s functions. The remaining portion is discharged into the waste water system. This translates into around 90 gallons of solid waste being discharged into the septic tank per adult each year. Based on the assumption that the anaerobic bacteria in the septic tank reduce the waste volume by around 60%, this indicates that each adult contributes approximately 60 gallons of solids to their septic tank each year.

  • Consequently, it will take around 5 years for one adult to completely fill a 1,000-gallon septic tank with sludge and scum, which is approximately 300 gallons.
  • It is simple to conclude that a septic tank should be pumped every two to three years after accounting for adults who work outside the home for a third of the time and children who attend school after making these adjustments to the analysis.
  • Single chamber septic tanks were the most common type of septic tank until recently.
  • Septic tanks are designed to facilitate the removal of particles heavier than water by encouraging these heavy particles to settle to the tank floor, thus creating the sludge layer.
  • Furthermore, during the two to three days that wastewater is predicted to remain in the septic tank, biodegradable organics in the septic tank are expected to degrade, in the absence of oxygen, into less complex organic compounds.
  • The anaerobically treated wastewater eventually exits the septic tank and is routed to further treatment units or dispersed to the soil absorption region.
  • As soon as the septic tank’s storage capacity is exhausted, the particles begin to escape from the tank with the outgoing wastewater and clog the soil absorption area, causing it to become clogged.

The filter will assist protect the absorption area, but it will increase the volume of solids caught and stored in the septic tank.

In addition to improving solids removal, the two-chamber tank conserves energy by separating wastewater into two separate tank chambers.

It is not necessary to use biological or chemical additions to enhance or speed the breakdown process.

These tanks hold gaseous substances that are potentially lethal.

Septic tanks that are properly sized (as shown in Table 1) may safely contain up to three years’ worth of sludge and scum before they need to be emptied (see Box 1).

It is possible to build up an excessive quantity of sludge, which may result in huge volumes of solids from wastewater flowing to the soil absorption field, causing system failure (particularly in older tanks that do not have exit filters).

It is necessary to pump the tank on a regular basis in order to avoid this. Asseptage is the term used to describe the substance injected. Cross-sectional view of a two-chamber septic tank (Figure 1).

Number of bedrooms in the home Estimated daily flow (gallons/day) Minimum septic tank size (gallons)
3 400 900
4 500 1,250
5 600 1,400
6 700 1,550

How Frequent should a Septic Tank be Pumped?

Pumping frequency is determined by a number of parameters, including:

  • Capacity of septic tank
  • sDaily volume of wastewater injected to the septic tank (see Table 1)
  • The amount of solids in a wastewater stream is measured. In this regard, it should be noted that there are various different types of particles that are regularly dumped into a septic system. This group of solids includes (1) biodegradable “organic” solids such as feces (see Box 1), (2) slowly biodegradable “organic” solids such as toilet paper and cellulosic compounds, which take a long time to biodegrade in the septic tank, and (3) non-biodegradable solids such as kitty litter, plastics, and other non-biodegradable materials, which do not biodegrade and quickly fill the septic tank It is possible to significantly reduce the quantity of slowly biodegradable organics and non-biodegradable trash that is introduced to your septic tank by reducing the amount of organic waste that is added to the tank.

Another factor that influences how soon a septic tank will fill with solids is one’s way of living. In terms of septic tank function, the two most essential aspects of one’s lifestyle are as follows: Homes with expanding families, having children ranging in age from tiny children to adolescents, often consume more water and deposit more sediments into the septic tank than other types of households. Empty nesters, and especially the elderly, on the other hand, have a tendency to consume significantly less water and to deposit significantly less solid waste in septic tanks.

  • The particles in a septic tank tend to be taken away from the tank to the soil absorption region, as previously indicated.
  • As additional materials collect in the absorption region, these sediments begin to clog the soil and hinder the passage of wastewater into the soil.
  • In most cases, the removal of these biomats is both expensive and time-consuming.
  • Pumping the wastewater that has accumulated in the soil absorption area is required for the removal of the biomat.
  • The biomat normally decomposes within a few days after the absorption area has been completely dewatered and has been aerated.

Is It Time To Pump Your Septic Tank?

So, how does one go about determining how frequently a septic tank needs be cleaned? We are aware that residences who dispose of huge volumes of non-biodegradable and slowly biodegradable organic waste into their septic tank require more frequent pumping. It is also known that prior to the time at which the collected solids have accumulated to the point that they are being taken with the tank effluent to the absorption region, the septic tank should be pump out. When it comes to determining when (and how frequently) to pump your septic tank, there are two generally safe ways to use.

The alternative method is to open the access port to the first chamber (as shown in Figure 1) once a year and insert a long pole to the bottom of the tank and then pull it out of the tank.

The depth of the sludge is indicated by the amount of blackness on the pole. If the sludge is more than a third of the tank depth, it is time to have it pumped. The majority of households will benefit from having their tanks drained every two or three years instead.

The Pumping Process

Contractors who specialize in septic tank pumping and hauling may pump your septic tank. It is a good idea to be present to check that everything is completed correctly. For the material to be extracted from the tank, it is necessary to break up the scum layer, and the sludge layer must be combined with the liquid section of the tank. In most cases, this is accomplished by alternately pumping liquid out of the tank and re-injecting it into the bottom of the tank. Not the little intake or outlet inspection openings situated above each baffle, but the two huge central access ports (manholes) are required for pumping the septic tank.

  • The use of chemicals in septic tanks to lower the sludge volume or as a substitute for pumping is not suggested.
  • When you have your septic tank pumped, you should consider taking an additional step to ensure that your septic system continues to perform correctly for a long time.
  • This inspector can inform you whether your septic tank requires repair or if other components of your septic system need upkeep.
  • Mark the position of the tank as well, so that it may be found simply in the future for pumping.
See also:  How Many Gallons Is A 4 X 8 Septic Tank?

Schedule Septic Tank Pumping

Homeowners should develop the practice of getting their septic tanks drained on a regular basis. As long as you are able and willing to schedule regular septic tank pumping (every two or three years, for example), it may be possible to improve the overall effectiveness of your entire on-lot wastewater disposal system. According to research conducted at Penn State, your soil absorption system will benefit from frequent resting periods (a period during which no wastewater is added to the absorption area).

In other words, the whole system, particularly the soil absorption region, will have the opportunity to dry up, and any organic waste (biomat) that may have formed in the soil absorption area will degrade swiftly in the absence of water.


A septic tank is simply one component of a complete on-site wastewater treatment system. Its purpose is to remove solids from the effluent prior to it reaching the soil absorption region, to allow for the digestion of a part of those solids, and to store the remainder of the solids in a holding tank. It is not necessary to use biological or chemical additions to enhance or speed the breakdown process.

Grinders contribute to the solids load on the system by reducing the size of garbage. Solids must be removed on a regular basis in order to prevent them from accessing the soil absorption zone. Your septic tank should be drained and examined every two to three years.

For additional assistance contact

Your local Sewage Enforcement Officer or Extension Educator can help you with these issues. A contact for the Pennsylvania Association of Sewage Enforcement Officers (PASEO) is as follows:4902 Carlisle Pike,268Mechanicsburg, PA 17050 Phone: 717-761-8648 Email: [email protected] Philadelphia, PA 18016 717-763-7762 [email protected] Pennsylvania Septage Management Association (PSMA)P.O. Box 144 Bethlehem, PA 18016 717-763-7762

The Top Reasons to Pump Your Septic Tank and How to Do It

Published at 04:30 p.m. tank septic HinSeptic Tank 0 Comments

contact us The Septic System

One out of every five houses in the United States has or plans to build an individual septic system, whether it be a septic tank or the more ancient and less widely utilized cesspool method of disposal. Septic systems have a life expectancy of between 25 and 30 years, depending on the kind of system. As with any other important component of homeownership, it is a good idea to have a basic understanding of how it works and how to properly maintain it before you purchase a house. At the absolute least you want to know how to recognize if anything is going wrong, what to do if something goes wrong, and perhaps how to stop it occurring in the first place.

Understanding Your Septic System

Overall, personal septic systems perform wastewater treatment as well as most city public systems and considerably better than some. Often utilized in rural and widely distant suburban regions as more cost-effective alternatives to city sewer lines, they are becoming increasingly popular. There are several things that a homeowner may and should do to ensure that their system is in good working order. Unfortunately, many people fail to carry out these necessary duties on a regular basis. Pumping your septic tank, for example, is a simple operation that is easy to ignore.

Tanks are typically submerged and difficult to reach.

It’s also regarded as a relatively unpleasant task by most people.

The contractors atDiessoSons, Inc.

What Is the Difference Between Septic Systems?

Septic systems are designed to perform the basic function of waste water treatment. Household wastewater is often composed of the following chemicals in large quantities:

  • Dishwashers, garbage disposals, sinks, toilet flushes, and washing machines are all examples of home appliances.

Anything that drains from the house is classified as domestic wastewater, and it eventually filters into the home’s sewage treatment system to be treated.

Septic Tank

Septic tanks, on the other hand, are the more popular and up-to-date choice. They are placed in about one out of every four households in the United States. When using a septic tank, wastewater is directed to a drain field, where it is subjected to a filtration process. Among the most important components of a sewage treatment system is the septic tank. Its primary function is to break down a proportion of the particles in wastewater, remove a portion of the sediments, and store the remaining materials.

This enables for the wastewater to flow into the drain field without any solid waste lingering in the wastewater treatment system. The storage of any solid substance, on the other hand, is the reason why the septic tank must be pumped on a regular basis.


Cesspools are only utilized in a few isolated rural communities. They are regarded out of date and are even prohibited in certain areas since they are seen to be a danger to the public’s health. A cesspool is a pit that is walled with concrete or rock and that has an outflow pipe that connects it to another pit on occasion. Cesspools do not provide waste filtering in the same way as septic tanks do. As a result, the surrounding land and groundwater get contaminated in the long run. If you live in an older, presumably rural property that once had a cesspool for a septic system, you will almost surely be required to adhere to particular cleaning and pumping frequency restrictions to keep your system in good working order.

How a Septic Tank Works

The septic tank is a location where all wastewater is separated into three levels, which are afterwards disposed of. Those that flow to a drain field are separated by a layer of liquid, a layer of lighter particles called scum, and a layer of heavier solids called sludge, which settles at the bottom of the tank. Anaerobic bacteria that dwell in the septic tank then break down all of the particles into less-complex organic substances, which are then excreted. Although your sewage is ” digested” by a healthy microbial environment, you have a well-functioning septic system, and a sufficient drain field, the layers of sludge and scum in your tank will accumulate over time despite your efforts.

It doesn’t take long until the layers begin to build up to the point where bacteria are no longer able to keep up and floating particles begin to reach the drain field.

Because of this, the scum layer and sludge layer must be removed from the system on a regular basis.

Why People Avoid Caring for Their Septic Systems

Unfortunately, despite the fact that it is an extremely necessary task, there are a variety of reasons why individuals neglect or avoid caring for their septic systems.

Common Reasons People Neglect Their Cesspools and Septic Tanks

One of the most common reasons for people to overlook their septic pumping is due to a lack of knowledge. They just do not realize that they are required to do so or do not know how to do so. The fact that people assume it will be gross or difficult, or a mix of the two, is another reason they oppose it. Despite the fact that some tanks have a large access cap on the inlet end, many others have no evident way to get inside them. In general, the more recent the tank, the less difficult the task.

You may get advice from a reputablecesspool pumping contractor in Long Island about the restrictions that apply in your region, as well as book an appointment for an assessment of your problem.

Common Septic System Myths

In many cases, customers are discouraged from getting their septic tanks serviced because of misconceptions that they have about septic contractors.

  • The fact that the drains and toilets are operational indicates that the septic system is not in need of maintenance. In actuality, no one has ever been trapped in a septic tank. Septic systems that are more than a decade old are equally as effective as new ones. Release of wastewater into anything other than a licensed septic system (such as a ditch, for example) is an acceptable alternative if the system is not functioning properly
  • Nevertheless,

Actually, effective septic pumping ensures that the drains and toilets continue to function. New systems outperform their predecessors in terms of efficiency. It is against the law to release wastewater into the environment, yet individuals do sometimes fall into a septic tank while attempting to pump it manually. Given the fact that septic tank pumping is a potentially dangerous operation that involves pumping the septic system, it is clearly one that should be left to the experts.

What Happens if You Don’t Pump Your Septic Tank?

The act of cleaning or pumping your septic system on a regular basis is a complete waste of time and money. Breakdown to comply to the most fundamental pumping frequency requirements, on the other hand, might result in premature drain field failure and costly repairs. Even in the most well-functioning septic system, the sludge layer and scum layer will form over time due to the natural accumulation of waste. This has the potential to result in a handful of extremely unpleasant outcomes.

Sewage Backup

It is possible that the two layers in your septic tank will get clogged, causing the enzymes responsible for breaking down the particles to become less effective. They are no longer capable of carrying out their responsibilities completely. This has the potential to result in the dreaded sewage backup. The odors emanating from the tank’s contents are released through the sink drains and toilet bowls. The fact that this is unpleasant and impossible to ignore means that preventing it is the best course of action.

Public Health

When enzymes are no longer effective, the sediments from the unpumped system may flow into the drain field, which is an undesirable outcome. As a result, particles from food waste grinders (garbage disposals), solid human waste, and even potentially powerful prescription medications that were flushed into the sewer system can enter the ground water supply. Unfortunately, many homeowners are unaware of the most effective pumping frequency for their particular house septic tank system.

How Often Should You Clean the Septic Tank?

Despite the fact that some people clean their septic tanks on a regular basis, an evaluation by a certified expert is the most reliable approach to identify when it is time to have the sewage pumped out. When the base of the floating scum layer is within six inches of the outlet pipe and the top of the sludge layer is within twelve inches of the outlet pipe, they will generally recommend that you service your system. While the Environmental Protection Agency suggests that you pump your septic tank every three to five years, the frequency with which you should do so depends on a variety of factors.

Septic System Care Based on Use

However, while some people clean their septic tanks on a regular basis, an examination by a skilled expert is the most reliable approach to identify when it is necessary to have the tank drained. When the base of the floating scum layer is within six inches of the outlet pipe and the top of the sludge layer is within twelve inches of the outlet pipe, they will often recommend that you service your system.

However, while the Environmental Protection Agency suggests that you pump your septic tank every three to five years, the frequency with which you should do so depends on a variety of factors.

  • Other than human waste and toilet paper, you may flush whatever you choose. Leaving the faucets open
  • The practice of pouring food or oil down drains
  • Overuse of dishwashers and washing machines
  • Frequent use of dishwashers and washing machines

The bottom line is that, the more water your home consumes, the more frequently your septic tank will need to be pumped.

Garbage Disposal

The bottom line is that, the more water your home consumes, the more frequently your septic tank will need to be pump.

Tank Size

It is true that all septic systems require maintenance on a regular basis. Because of the usual needs for space between the sludge and scum layers, a larger tank will be able to operate for longer periods of time between pumpings when compared to a smaller tank in most cases. The number of people that live in the house also has an impact on how frequently it should be pumped, as more people equals more wastewater.

How to Pump Your Septic Tank

If you have a septic treatment system, a trained sewage contractor would most likely measure the layers of scum and sludge that have built up over time. In a standard septic system, enzymes are responsible for no more than 40 percent of the wastewater treatment processes. The majority of the time, after the solids account for around 25 to 35 percent of the total tank volume, they will propose pumping. In preparation for pumping your septic tank, the contractor will conduct a comprehensive check of the pipelines to search for leaks or degradation.

Mistakes to Avoid When Pumping Your Septic Tank

Just like with any technical activity, there are several things that should be avoided while trying to maintain your septic system in the most efficient manner possible.

  • Pumping too seldom results in early drain field failure and the need for possibly expensive repairs. Pumping too frequently is a waste of time and resources. The act of pumping the septic tank in an attempt to “repair” a malfunctioning drainfield Pumping the septic tank without first having a septic system checkup performed
  • And

Performing pumping operations without conducting an inspection might result in issues being misdiagnosed or left undiagnosed, which can lead to more expensive problems in the future.

So, How Often Should You Pump Your Septic Tank?

The quick answer is that it is dependent on the situation. In situations when using a waste disposal will almost surely limit the time available, having a big tank size may be advantageous. For a large family, a more frequent pumping schedule will be required in comparison to a single person’s home. One of the only ways to get an accurate assessment of the condition is by having an experienced, local sewer contractor do a full examination and then analyze the situation from there. Schedule service with our knowledgeable staff by contacting us or calling: 631-239-6800.

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