- Bradford Septic has been installing Septic Systems in high-end estate homes for over 40 years. From Manalapan to Wellington, we can install any large septic system including Hoot Septic Systems, Bio-Microbics Septic Systems and ClearStream Wastewater Systems.
How much is leach field pipe?
A complete septic system, including a leach field, tank and piping costs $10,000 to $25,000. Installing a leach field costs $5,000 to $20,000, depending on the type. You’ll need all the components of a system.
What pipe is used from house to septic tank?
Laying Out a Septic-Tank Disposal System. The septic tank should be positioned at least 50 feet from the house proper. ABS or PVC plastic or cast iron pipe can be used to connect the tank to the house drainage system.
How deep is the pipe from the house to the septic tank?
A typical septic tank has a 4-inch inlet located at the top. The pipe that connects to it must maintain a 1/4-inch-per-foot slope toward it from the house. This means that for every 10 feet of distance between the tank and the house, the inlet must be 2 1/2 inches below the point at which the pipe exits the house.
How do I find my septic tank outlet pipe?
The outlet pipe should be approximately 3 inches below the inlet pipe. Inlet Baffle: The inlet baffle is installed on the inlet pipe inside the tank.
Can you have a septic tank without a leach field?
The waste from most septic tanks flows to a soakaway system or a drainage field. If your septic tank doesn’t have a drainage field or soakaway system, the waste water will instead flow through a sealed pipe and empty straight into a ditch or a local water course.
How much does it cost to replace a field line?
This is because of the timely process of digging out a new leach field prior to installing a new one. The exact price of your leach field replacement will depend on a few factors. This includes the size of the leach field and your septic system. On average, the price can run anywhere from $5,000 to $20,000.
What is the cheapest septic system?
Conventional septic system These conventional septic systems are usually the most affordable, with an average cost of around $3,000.
How deep should a septic tank be?
Septic tanks are typically rectangular in shape and measure approximately 5 feet by 8 feet. In most cases, septic tank components including the lid, are buried between 4 inches and 4 feet underground.
How big are septic pipes?
Typically septic trenches are 8 to 12 inches wide in some applications, or 18″ to a maximum of 36″ wide in traditional, conventional septic drainfield designs.
How long are septic lateral lines?
A typical drainfield trench is 18 to 30 inches in depth, with a maximum soil cover over the disposal field of 36 inches.
How far down is a septic tank lid?
Often, septic tank lids are at ground level. In most cases, they have buried anywhere from four inches to four feet underground.
How long do septic tanks last?
A septic system’s lifespan should be anywhere from 15 to 40 years. How long the system lasts depends on a number of factors, including construction material, soil acidity, water table, maintenance practices, and several others.
What is the fall on a 4 inch sewer pipe?
For 4-inch PVC piping and a building sewer less than 50 feet long, the minimum slope is 1 inch in 8 feet, or 1/8-inch per foot, and the maximum is 1/4-inch per foot. For sewers longer than 50 feet, the slope should be 1/4-inch per foot.
Learn how much it costs to Install a Septic Tank.
Septic tanks range in price from $3,157 to $10,451, with an average cost of $6,804 per tank. Installation of a conventional 1,000-gallon tank for a three-bedroom home might cost anywhere from $2,100 and $5,000. Materials range in price from $600 to $2,500, without labor. A comprehensive septic system, which includes a leach field (also known as a drain field), tank, and plumbing, can cost between $10,000 and $25,000 to install. A leach field installation might cost anywhere from $5,000 to $20,000, depending on the kind.
In the end, the cost of installing a septic tank is determined by the kind of system, the materials used, and the size of the tank.
This course will teach you about the several sorts of settings, such as conventional, drip irrigation, mound irrigation, evapotranspiration, recirculating sand, constructed wetland, and chambered irrigation.
Septic System Cost Estimator
Let’s run some numbers to see what the costs are. What part of the world are you in? What part of the world are you in?
|$3,157 – $10,451
|Low End – High End
|$450 – $21,000
The cost information in this report is based on real project costs provided by 948 HomeAdvisor users.
New Septic System Cost
Most tanks and systems cost between $2,000 and $10,000 to install a new typical anaerobic septic system. Aerobic systems range in price from $8,000 to $20,000. Depending on the size of your property, the composition of the soil, and the level of the water table, you may even have to pay an extra $10,000 or more for an alternative, specialized drain or leach field. Septic systems are composed of three major components:
- Septic tank: Either anaerobic (requiring no oxygen) or aerobic (requiring oxygen but more complicated but more efficient)
- Water runs to a leach field after it has been cleaned and separated in the septic tank, where it will naturally drain through sand, gravel, and soil in a cleaning process before reaching the water table
- Water table: Plumbing: A drainpipe to the tank, followed by another branching pipe to your field will be required.
Optional components include the following:
- Some types of systems use a dose or pump tank, which pumps wastewater up into mounded or elevated leach fields and recycles the water in some cases. Pump for aeration: If your aquarium is equipped with an aerobic system, you’ll want an aerator to force oxygen into the tank.
Find Local Septic Tank Installers
Some types of systems use a dose or pump tank, which pumps wastewater up into mounded or elevated leach fields and then recycles the water. Pump for aeration: If your tank is equipped with an aerobic system, you’ll want an aerator to drive oxygen into the tank.
Aerobic Septic System Cost
Aerobic systems, which are those that require oxygen to work properly, cost on average between $10,000 and $20,000 per system. If you’re moving from anaerobic to aerobic fermentation, you’ll almost certainly need a second tank, but the conversion will only cost you $5,000 to $10,000. Aerobic systems break down waste more effectively in the tank than anaerobic systems, allowing you to use a smaller drain field in many cases – which is ideal for houses with limited space. An aerobic wastewater system is a wastewater system that depends on aerobic bacteria (bacteria that thrive in the presence of oxygen) to break down trash in the tank.
You’ll need an aerator as well as an electrical circuit that connects to the system to complete the setup.
Get Quotes From Local Septic Tank Pros
Beyond the tank and leach field, there will be a few more costs to consider when creating your budget for the project.
You may already have some of these costs included in your total project pricing, so make sure to get line-item prices on your estimate.
- Excavation costs $1,200–$4,500
- Building permits cost $400–$2,000
- And a perc test costs $700–$1,300. Labor costs range from $1,500 to $4,000
- The cost of septic tank material ranges between $500 and $2,000.
- Plastic and polymer materials cost $500–$2,500
- Concrete costs $700–$2,000
- And fiberglass costs $1,200–$2,000.
- 500: $500–$900
- 750: $700–$1,200
- 1,000: $900–$1,500
- 1,200: $1,200–$1,600
- 1,500: $1,500–$2,500
- 2,000: $3,000–$4,000
- 3,000: $4,500–$6,000
- 5,000+: $7,500–$14,000
- 500: $500–$900
- 1,200: $1,200–$1,
Leach Field Cost
Installing a leach or drain field, which is a component of your septic system, can cost anywhere from $3,000 to $15,000 in total. The cost of a typical drain field ranges from $2,000 to $10,000. The drain field, also known as the leach field, is the component of the septic system that is responsible for returning wastewater to the soil. Most of the time, a flooded area in the yard or a strong stink of sewage on the property is the first symptom of a problem with the drainfield. It is possible that you may require further treatment for blocked or flooded fields, which would increase the cost of the drain field repair from $10,000 to $50,000.
Alternative Septic Systems Cost
When you have a tiny property, a high water table, high bedrock, poor soil, or just wish to utilize less space, an alternate septic system is a good choice.
Mound Septic System Cost
Installing a mound septic system can cost between $10,000 and $20,000 dollars. In places with high water tables, thin soil depths, or shallow bedrock, this is the most costly system to build; yet, it is frequently required. In order to create a drain field, it uses a raised mound of sand rather than digging into the soil. Its extra cost is a result of both the additional technology required to pump sewage upward into the mound and the materials and labor required to construct the mound in the first place.
Recirculating Sand Filter Septic System Cost
Sand filter septic systems range in price from $7,500 to $18,500. They can be built above or below ground depending on the situation. In order to disperse the wastewater in the ground, they employ a pump chamber to force the wastewater through a sand filter. The liner of the filter box is normally made of PVC. This is accomplished by pumping the effluent through the sand and returning it to the pump tank, where it is then disseminated throughout the ground.
Drip Septic System Cost
Drip systems range in price from $8,000 to $18,000, depending on the size and complexity. They operate in the same way as previous systems, with the exception that they employ extensive drip tubing and a dosage mechanism. They deliver lower dosages over a shorter period of time, which is particularly effective at shallow soil depths. This method is more expensive than a standard system since it requires a dosage tank, a pump, and electrical power to operate.
Evapotranspiration systems range in price from $10,000 to $15,000 per system. In order to allow the liquid to evaporate from the top of an open-air tank, they employ a novel drain field configuration. They’re only usable in dry, arid areas with little rain or snow, thus they’re not recommended.
Built Wetland System
An evapotranspiration system might cost anywhere between $10,000 and $15,000. In order to allow the liquid to evaporate from the top of an open-air tank, they employ a novel drain field configuration. In dry and arid areas with little rain or snow, they are solely helpful as a source of water.
Evapotranspiration systems range in price from $10,000 to $15,000 per unit.
In order to allow the liquid to evaporate from the top of an open-air tank, they employ a novel drain field design. They are only suitable in dry, arid locations with little or no rainfall or snowfall.
Septic Tank Replacement Cost
Evapotranspiration devices range in price from $10,000 to $15,000. They employ a novel drain field configuration that permits the liquid to evaporate from the top of an open-air tank. They are only suitable in dry, arid locations with minimal rain or snow.
Septic System Maintenance Costs
It is essential that you pump and clean your septic tank at least once a year. In addition, you should get it examined at least once every three years. The proper maintenance of your septic tank will save you money in the long term, and it will also help you avoid potentially hazardous situations. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) suggests the following steps to keep your septic system in good working order:
Inspect and Pump Your Septic Frequently
Typically, the cost of septic tank pumping runs from $300 to $550, or around $0.30 per gallon – most septic tanks have capacities between 600 and 2,000 gallons. Every three to five years, you should have your septic tank inspected and pumped by a professional. If you have a bigger home (with more than three bedrooms) and you tend to use a lot of water, you should try to get it pumped at least once every three years. An checkup of a septic system might cost anything from $100 to $900. Your septic inspector will do a visual inspection of the system.
- Initial inspection costs between $250 and $500
- Annual inspection costs between $100 and $150
- And camera inspection costs between $250 and $900.
Use Household Water Efficiently
A toilet that leaks or runs continuously might waste as much as 200 gallons of water per day, although the average family consumes just 70 gallons of water. Take, for example, high-efficiency toilets, which consume 1.6 gallons or less of water every flush or less. The use of new, high-efficiency washing machines and showerheads can also help to reduce water waste, which will relieve the load on your septic system.
Properly Dispose of Your Waste
Your septic system is responsible for disposing of everything that goes down your drains and toilets. One easy rule of thumb is to never flush anything down the toilet other than human waste and toilet paper, unless it is absolutely necessary. That implies you should never flush the following items down the toilet or drop them down the sink drain:
- Cooking grease or oil, baby wipes or wet wipes, dental floss, diapers, feminine hygiene products, cigarettes, cat litter, and paper towels are all examples of items that fall into this category.
Maintain Your Drainfield
The drainfield of your septic system is a component of the system that eliminates waste from the septic’s liquid. You should take steps to keep it in good condition, such as:
- In your septic system, the drainfield is a component that removes waste from the septic system’s liquid. In order to keep it in good condition, you need implement the following measures:
Get in Touch With Septic Tank Installers Near You
A septic tank or septic pump tank can range in price from $350 to $14,000, depending on the material used and the size of the tank. In most home situations, you won’t have to spend more than $3,000 on the tank’s actual construction. The majority of big, high-priced units are intended for use in apartment buildings or as part of a communal sewage system.
Concrete Septic Tank Cost
Concrete tanks range in price from $700 to $2,000. The total cost of installation ranges from $2,300 to $6,500. They’re one of the most often seen forms of installation. Despite the fact that they are vulnerable to cracking and separation, they are often resilient for several decades.
It’s critical to have it carefully inspected on a regular basis for cracks and runoff, among other things. Inspections and frequent cleanings will assist to extend its useful life. Your professional can tell you how frequently you should get it inspected, but it’s normally every one to three years.
Plastic and Poly Septic Tank Prices
Septic tanks made of plastic range in price from $500 to $2,500 on average, not counting installation costs. Plastic is a long-lasting, lightweight, and reasonably priced building material. They do not break as easily as concrete and do not rust. Because of their small weight, plastics are more susceptible to harm during the installation process.
Fiberglass Septic Tank Prices
Fiberglass septic tanks are typically priced between $1,200 and $2,000, not including installation. Fiberglass does not split or rust readily, but it is prone to damage during the installation process, much like plastic. However, because of its lighter weight, it is more prone to structural damage, and the tanks themselves can move in the soil.
It’s unlikely that you’ll ever see a new steel tank constructed. They will rust or corrode with time, no matter how well-made they are at the time. As a result, they are not permitted by many municipal construction rules, and you will only encounter them in existing installations. Steel is not a long-lasting material in the earth, and it is the least preferred.
Labor Costs to Install a Septic System
The cost of labor accounts for 50 percent to 70 percent of your overall expenses. Labor is typically more expensive than the tank itself in a normal installation, making it the most expensive option. For example, while the size required for a 3 to 4-bedroom home may cost between $600 and $1,100, the labor to install it might cost anywhere between $1,500 and $4,000.
Compare Quotes From Local Pros
Here is a breakdown of how much septic tanks cost in different parts of the country. Massachusetts:$9,700 California:$4,500 Florida:$5,300 Texas:$8,000 $5,600 in New York City Colorado:$7,800 Idaho:$10,000
DIY vs. Hire a Septic System Pro
A look at how much septic tanks cost in different parts of the country is provided below. Massachusetts:$9,700 California:$4,500 Florida:$5,300 Texas:$8,000 $5,600 in New York Colorado:$7,800 Idaho:$10,000
A septic tank has an average lifespan of 20 to 30 years, however it may live anywhere from 14 to 40 years, depending on the following factors:
- What it is made of is a mystery. Concrete tends to require more care, but commercial-grade fiberglass and plastic are known to survive for decades in most environments. It’s amazing how well you’ve kept it up. Every one to three years, have your system inspected and pumped out
- Every three to five years, have it pumped out. It will depend on whether or not it gets vehicle traffic over the leach field. Driving over the leach field compresses it, which increases the likelihood of it failing. The soil’s chemical makeup is important. The length of time it may endure varies depending on the soil type and depth.
What are the signs I need a new septic tank?
There are a few indicators that it is time to replace your septic tank. These are some examples: If you smell sewage, you may have a solid waste problem in your septic tank that has to be dealt with immediately. Standing water: If there is no clear explanation for standing water, such as a significant rainstorm, it is possible that you have an oversaturated drain field, a damaged pipe, or a faulty septic system. A clogged septic tank will cause pipes to drain more slowly than they would otherwise be.
Construction on your home or the addition of more occupants will have an impact on your septic system.
pollution of nearby water: A septic tank leak can result in wastewater contamination, which can deposit nitrate, nitrite, or coliform bacteria in water sources around your property as a result of the leak.
If these bacteria are discovered in your vicinity, you should investigate your septic system to determine if it is the cause. Old age: If your septic system has reached the end of its useful life, it is time to replace it.
Does homeowners insurance cover septic systems?
Many unforeseen and abrupt repairs to septic tanks are covered by homeowners’ insurance policies. They do not, however, often cover harm caused by a failure to perform routine maintenance. Make certain that you are pumping and cleaning it on a yearly basis.
How much do septic system repairs cost?
Repairing a septic system can cost anything from $600 to $3,000. Most tank repairs and replacement parts cost less than $1500 for each type of repair or replacement part mentioned below. Leach fields range in price from $2,000 to $20,000.
- Tank Pumps cost between $800 and $1,500. A septic tank that is placed below the drain field may necessitate the installation of a pump to transport wastewater to the drain field. Pumping costs between $300 and $600 per year. Pumping is required to remove solid waste from even a perfectly functioning system every two or three years, even if it is in good working order. Tank Lids cost between $100 and $300 to purchase and install. If you purchase the lid and attach it yourself, it will cost you between $50 and $150
- Tank Lid Risers range in price from $300 to $1,000. Deeply submerged tanks can have their lids raised to the surface by using these devices.
Still Have Questions About Septic Tanks?
To process and dispose of waste, a septic system has an underground septic tank constructed of plastic, concrete, fiberglass, or other material that is located beneath the earth. Designed to provide a customized wastewater treatment solution for business and residential locations, this system may be installed anywhere. Although it is possible to construct a septic tank on your own, we recommend that you hire a professional to do it owing to the amount of skill and specific equipment required.
Who Needs a Septic Tank?
For the most part, in densely populated areas of the nation, a home’s plumbing system is directly connected to the municipal sewer system. Because municipal sewer lines are not readily available in more rural regions, sewage must be treated in a septic tank. If you’re moving into a newly constructed house or onto land that doesn’t already have a septic tank, you’ll be responsible for putting in a septic system on your own.
How to Prepare for Your Septic Tank Installation
Here are a few pointers to keep in mind to make sure your septic tank installation goes as smoothly as possible.
Receive Multiple Estimates
Receiving quotations from licensed septic tank installers and reading reviews about each firm using trustworthy, third-party customer evaluations should be done before any excavation or signing of any paperwork is done. Examine your options for a contractor and make sure they have the appropriate insurance and license, as well as the ability to include critical preparations such as excavation and drain field testing in their quotation.
Test the Soil and Obtain a Permit
For septic systems to function properly, permeable soil surrounding the tank must absorb and naturally handle liquid waste, ensuring that it does not pollute runoff water or seep into the groundwater. The drain or leach field is the name given to this region. Before establishing a septic tank, you are required by law to do a percolation test, sometimes known as a “perc” test. This test indicates that the soil fits the specifications established by the city and the local health agency. In most cases, suitable levels of permeable materials, such as sand or gravel, are necessary in a soil’s composition.
Note: If you wish to install a septic tank on your property, you must first ensure that the ground passes the percolation test. Prior to acquiring the land that you want to utilize for residential purposes, we recommend that you obtain a soil test.
Plan for Excavation
Excavation of the vast quantity of land required for a septic tank necessitates the use of heavy machinery. If you are presently residing on the property, be careful to account for landscaping fees to repair any damage that may have occurred during the excavation process. Plan the excavation for your new home at a period when it will have the least influence on the construction process if you are constructing a new home. Typically, this occurs before to the paving of roads and walkways, but after the basic structure of the home has been constructed and erected.
The Cost of Installing a Septic Tank
There are a few installation charges and additional expenditures connected with constructing a new septic system, ranging from a percolation test to emptying the septic tank and everything in between.
A percolation test can range in price from $250 to $1,000, depending on the area of the property and the soil characteristics that are being tested. Ordinarily, specialists will only excavate a small number of holes in the intended leach field region; however, if a land study is required to identify where to excavate, the cost of your test may rise.
Building Permit Application
A permit will be required if you want to install a septic tank on your property. State-by-state variations in permit prices exist, however they are normally priced around $200 and must be renewed every few years on average.
Excavation and Installation
When you have passed a percolation test and obtained a building permit, your septic tank is ready to be professionally placed. The cost of a new septic system is determined by the size of your home, the kind of system you choose, and the material used in your septic tank. The following is a list of the many treatment methods and storage tanks that are now available, as well as the normal pricing associated with each.
Types of Septic Tank Systems
Septic system that is used in the traditional sense Traditionally, a septic system relies on gravity to transport waste from the home into the septic tank. Solid trash settles at the bottom of the sewage treatment plant, while liquid sewage rises to the top. Whenever the amount of liquid sewage increases over the outflow pipe, the liquid waste is discharged into the drain field, where it continues to disintegrate. This type of traditional septic system is generally the most economical, with an average cost of roughly $3,000 on the market today.
Drain fields for alternative systems require less land than conventional systems and discharge cleaner effluent.
Septic system that has been engineered A poorly developed soil or a property placed on an uphill slope need the installation of an engineered septic system, which is the most difficult to install.
It is necessary to pump the liquid waste onto a leach field, rather than depending on gravity to drain it, in order to ensure that it is equally dispersed across the land. The average cost of these systems is roughly $8,000.
Types of Septic Tanks
- Septic system that is conventional Traditionally, a septic system relies on gravity to transport waste from the home to a holding tank. From there, the sewage is divided into layers, with solid waste settling at the bottom and liquid sewage rising to the top of the separation process. When liquid sewage reaches to the level of the outflow pipe, the liquid waste goes into the drain field, where it decomposes even more quickly than before. Standard septic systems are often the most economical, with an average cost of roughly $3,000 to install. Septic system alternatives Instead of employing naturally existing bacteria to break down waste, alternative septic systems use oxygen to accomplish so. An alternative septic system collects sewage in the same manner as a conventional system. When using alternate technologies, drain fields typically take up less space and discharge cleaner effluent. But this advantage comes at the expense of a higher price, with systems typically costing approximately $12,000 to purchase. Septic system that has been engineered. A poorly developed soil or a property placed on an uphill slope need the installation of an engineered septic system, which is the most difficult of the three. Engineered systems collect and segregate waste in a tank in the same way as alternative and traditional septic systems do. Instead of depending on gravity to drain the liquid waste, it is necessary to pump the waste into the leach field in order for it to be equally dispersed over the land surface. The average cost of these systems is around $8,000.
More information may be found at: Septic Warranty Coverage and Costs.
Using Your Septic Tank
It is important to maintain the area around your new septic tank’s drain field and to frequently check your tank using the lids included with it. Never use a trash disposal in conjunction with your septic tank since it might cause the system to clog. Additionally, avoid driving over the land where your septic tank is located or putting heavy gear on top of your septic tank or drain field to prevent damage. Most of the time, after five years of septic system use, you’ll need to arrange a cleaning and pumping of the system.
Send an email to our Reviews Team [email protected] if you have any comments or questions regarding this post.
How to Install Drain Pipes for a Septic Tank Yourself
Home-Diy Installing a septic tank is often done by a professional who has access to the necessary equipment. A concrete septic tank can weigh several thousand pounds, and the ordinary homeowner does not have the necessary tools to safely install it in the ground. if (sources.length) then this.parentNode.removeChild(sources); else this.onerror = null; this.src = fallback; if (sources.length) then this.parentNode.removeChild(sources); else if (sources.length) then this.parentNode.removeChild(sources); else if (sources.length) then this.parentNode.remove ‘/public/images/logo-fallback.png’) is a fallback logo image.
A concrete septic tank can weigh several thousand pounds, and the ordinary homeowner does not have the necessary tools to safely install it in the ground.
- The following items are required: Shovel (backhoe is recommended)
- Tape measure
- Rake PVC perforated pipe
- PVC pipe cleaner
- PVC pipe cement PVC pipe cleaner
- Geotextile material
Large bushes or trees should not be planted directly over drain lines.
- Inspect your property and get a percolation test performed. In most cases, you will need a copy of the perc test results in order to acquire a permit to build a septic system in your home. In order to assess how quickly the soil absorbs water, a perc test will be performed on your site by a licensed specialist on your behalf. The results of this test will be used to calculate the quantity of drain line that will be required for your system. Drain lines should be measured and marked out before installation. You can divide this down into many lines, but each line must be the same length, and there must be a minimum of six feet between each line in order to be considered complete. Prior to digging, mark the beginning and ending locations of each line, double-checking all measurements to ensure they are accurate. Dig each drain line to a depth of 30 inches and a width of 24 inches. However, while a pick and shovel may be used to do the task, a backhoe can complete it in a fraction of the time and with less strain on your back. To make the trenches as flat as possible, remove any large boulders or roots that may have accumulated in them. Each of these lines will be served by a pipe that will go from the distribution box to it. This is the location where the pipe from the distribution box enters the ditch and marks the beginning point of your drain line. Fill each drain line with gravel until it reaches a depth of 12 inches. Spread gravel over the area to be covered with drain pipes and smooth it up with your rake. Install a 4 inch PVC perforated pipe on top of the gravel to provide drainage. This pipe will be connected to the pipe that comes from the distribution box and will run the whole length of the drain line to connect to the drain. Pipe cleaner should be used to clean each pipe junction before applying pipe cement. Before continuing, double-check that all of the fittings are in place. To finish covering the drain lines, continue to pour additional gravel into the system until the pipes are covered by roughly 1 to 2 inches of material. Using a rake, smooth out the gravel. A layer of geotextile material should be rolled out to cover the whole length and width of the drain line in order to prevent dirt from filtering into the drain lines and to aid in keeping roots out of the drainage system. The drain lines should be backfilled somewhat to allow for some small mounding to compensate for the settling that will occur. Grass seed should be planted on top of drain lines to aid in the absorption process and to avoid erosion.
The Drip Cap
- Installing a septic tank is often done by a professional who has access to the necessary equipment. A concrete septic tank can weigh several thousand pounds, and the ordinary homeowner does not have the necessary tools to safely install it in the ground. Dig each drain line to a depth of 30 inches and a width of 24 inches. Ensure that any large rocks or roots are removed from the trenches, and that the foundation is as level as possible
- Fill each drain line with gravel until it reaches a depth of 12 inches. In addition, this pipe will link to the pipe that comes from the distribution box and will run the whole length of the drain line.
How to Install a Septic Tank with Drain Line
It is discussed in this article how to set up a septic tank with a drain line. A three-compartment septic tank is covered in detail in this project, which includes all of the processes required to complete the installation. This septic tank has adequate capacity to accommodate 4-6 people, making it an excellent choice for most households. Even if the installation is straightforward, you will need to rent a mini-excavator or, ideally, a backhoe digger to do the job properly. It is important to exercise caution when using detergents, disinfectants, or other acid cleansers since they will interfere with the operation of the bacteria that decompose the waste materials.
A simple explanation for how the system works is that the majority of the trash is transformed into sewage water.
Every two years, you will be required to remove the solids from the system.
The sewage water will be discharged from the septic tank into the header pipe and then into the perforated drain pipes after passing through the header pipe. The water will then be able to seep into the soil through the gravel layer.
Made from this plan
The construction of the sewage lines from the home to the site of the septic tank is the first step in the project’s development. Excavate the trenches such that the pipes have a 1/8 inch dip each foot of excavation. The pipes must be placed on a bed of sand and then completely covered with sand. The sand will protect the pipes, and it will also serve as an excellent marker for future operations, should it be necessary to dig further trenches. Decide on the position of the septic tank and mark the area with a marker.
- Furthermore, the depth of the hole will be decided by the size and placement of the septic tank as well as the location of the sewage line.
- We also employed a dumper truck to remove the soil from the site.
- Make certain that the sewer pipe has a 1.5 percent slope when it is installed.
- We relocated the septic tank with the help of a backhoe digger after securing it with a heavy-duty strap and moving it.
- Check to verify that the septic tank intake is compatible with the sewer pipe.
- We used a spirit level to ensure that the tank was upright during the installation.
- Sand should be poured around the tank.
If you do not fill the tank with water, it will collapse due to the weight of the earth on top of the container.
We will not be constructing a drain field for this project, but rather an 80-foot-long trench.
You may either construct two 40-foot-long trenches or a wide surface area and install three 25-foot-long drain pipes on it.
We connected the header pipe to the septic tank, ensuring that it had a 2 percent slope to prevent backflow.
Because it will move quite swiftly, using a backhoe digger is highly recommendable.
Trenches should be filled with gravel to the point where the drain pipe (which is normally 4′′ in diameter and perforated) has a 1/8′′ per foot slope.
Using a 4′′ layer of gravel, cover the drain pipe and make sure the surface is level.
Geothextile cloth should be used to cover the trench.
Because the fabric prevents the pebbles from becoming mixed with the soil and clogging the drain pipe, it is effective.
At the end of the drain pipe, you must add a vent pipe to provide for proper ventilation.
This also allows for simple access to the drain pipe in the event that it has to be cleaned.
We moved the earth that we had dug back into the trenches with the use of the backhoe’s front loader bucket and a rake.
First and foremost, you must connect the riser to the septic tank.
In order to have easy access to the tank for maintenance and inspection, the top of the riser should be slightly above the level of the surrounding ground.
These sheets are thin and rather stiff, despite their small weight.
As a result, you must first cover the tank with these sheets, followed by a 4′′ layer of dirt on top of that.
The polystyrene sheets must be covered with dirt once they have been laid out on the ground.
Work carefully so that you do not harm the tank.
On the blog, you can also get a comprehensive guide on how to construct a concrete pump house.
Make sure to read the previous articles in the Brick House Construction Series to see what more is in store for you!
We appreciate you taking the time to read our article on how to construct a septic tank with drain line, and we encourage you to go through the rest of our projects. Please spread the word about our articles to your friends by using the social media sharing buttons.
Documentation Download Documentation Download Documentation In rural regions of the nation where waste water treatment is not accessible, private on-site wastewater treatment systems (POWTS), also known as septic systems, are utilized largely to treat waste water. Gravity fed/conventional systems are divided into two broad categories: 1. gravity fed/conventional systems and 2. alternative (pump) systems, which include aerobic treatment units (ATUs.) In most cases, electric pumps are used in alternative systems.
However, in many health jurisdictions across the United States, it is still feasible for an individual property owner with heavy equipment operation skills to utilize a backhoe to establish a septic system on their land.
- Read More About ItRead More About It In rural regions of the nation where waste water treatment is not accessible, private on-site wastewater treatment systems (POWTS), also known as septic systems, are utilized largely to treat wastewater. Gravity fed/conventional systems are divided into two broad categories: 1. gravity fed/conventional systems and 2. alternative (pump) systems, which include aerobic treatment units and other components (ATUs.) Electric pumps are commonly used in alternative systems. Because of the possible harm to the environment posed by contamination of the watershed, this project is advised for a professional with relevant experience. However, in many health jurisdictions around the United States, it is still possible for an individual property owner with heavy equipment operation skills to build a septic system with a backhoe.
- Article Download Article Download In rural regions of the nation where waste water treatment is not accessible, private on-site wastewater treatment systems (POWTS), also known as septic systems, are utilized largely for waste water treatment. Gravity fed/conventional systems are divided into two broad categories: 1. gravity fed/conventional systems
- And 2. alternative (pump) systems, which include aerobic treatment units (ATUs.) Electric pumps are frequently used in alternative systems. Because of the possible damage to the environment posed by contamination of the watershed, it is suggested that a professional with field expertise do this job. However, in many health jurisdictions across the United States, it is still feasible for an individual property owner with heavy equipment operation skills to utilize a backhoe to establish a septic system.
- Available space
- Intended purpose and projected water demand depending on the size of the residence or building that the system will serve
- Location of the well and/or nearby wells
- And other factors.
- The following are examples of soil test findings that have an impact on the design:
- The soil type and layering (sand, clay, rock, and where it is placed in relation to depth)
- The soil’s ability to drain and filter wastewater
- And the soil’s ability to drain and filter wastewater
- 2Wait for clearance before proceeding. The system may be deployed once all of the relevant permissions and approvals have been obtained. Make certain that all of the steps listed below are carried out in accordance with all applicable laws, plumbing rules, and building codes. Advertisement
Please keep in mind that the following procedure assumes that the system is being installed for the first time and not as a replacement.
- 1 Assemble the equipment and tools that will be used throughout the dig. You will require the following items:
- Backhoe, laser transit, and grade pole are all included. A 4″ Sch. 40 PVC pipe (and fittings, if necessary)
- A 4″ ASTM D2729 perforated pipe
- A 4″ASTM D3034 pipe and fittings
- A 4″ Sch. 40 vent cap and test cap
- PVC primer and adhesive
- A 4″ Sch. 40 vent cap and test cap The following tools will be required: Saw (either hand saw or cordless reciprocating saw)
- Hammer drill and bits (for drilling through walls if necessary)
- The following items are required: hydraulic cement (to seal surrounding pipe if pipe is going through wall)
- Stone measuring an inch and a half and cleaned (amount varies depending on system size)
- Tape measurements (both ordinary and at least a 100-foot-long tape)
- Septic fabric (cut to 3′ length or less from a roll)
- Septic tank and risers (concrete or plastic if allowed)
- Riser sealant such as Con-Seal (for concrete) or silicone caulk (for plastic)
- A septic filter (such as a Zoeller 170 or similar) if one is necessary
- A distribution box (either concrete or plastic, if more than two laterals are being run)
- And a septic tank.
- 2 Determine the location of the entrance to the building in relation to the location of the septic tank. Make an excavation at least 2 feet deep and drill a hole through the wall, or go deeper and drill a hole beneath the footing, depending on your preference or the need. Because this is precisely what a gravity-fed system is designed to accomplish, expect the flow to continue to flow downhill from here. When transferring waste from the tank to the drain field, it does not employ any mechanical methods other than gravity.
- The pipe should be 4″ Sch. 40 and should extend at least five feet outside the structure toward the tank, either through the wall or beneath it. Set it level where it will pass through a wall or under a footing, and from there, run it with approximately 1/8″ of pitch (slope) every foot of length toward the septic tank until it reaches the tank. If necessary, go even farther into the tank or all the way into the tank. If this is the case, switch to 4″ 3034 with the appropriate adaptor and pipe 3034 toward the tank.
- Make sure you use a test cap on the end that will be entering the building. It is recommended that if you are going through a wall, you seal the area around the hole with hydraulic cement both inside and outside
- Do not run too much pitch out to the tank. If there is an excessive amount, the water will run away quicker than the sediments, resulting in the solids remaining in the pipe. Additionally, depending on the depth of your drain field and how close it will be to the tank’s outflow, there may not be enough pitch to get to the drain field.
- 3 Dig a hole large enough to accommodate the installation of the concrete aerobic tank below ground. Make use of the laser transit to “shoot” the top of the pipe that leads out to the tank with the laser. The distance between the top of the intake and the bottom of the tank is measured in feet and inches. To the number you fired off the top of the pipe, add this (go up on the grade pole) + 1 1/2″ to get the total. The depth of the grade pole has now been adjusted to the desired depth. Using this, continue to drill the hole to the desired depth
- Prepare your leech field by laying it out and excavating it according to the results of the test performed during the permit application procedure. Maintaining a good flow between the tank and the drain field should be considered when planning out and digging the tank.
- 4Use “inch-and-a-half cleaned drain rock” from a neighboring gravel dump to surround the pipe, which is required in most areas. This is necessary in order to keep the pipe stable. For further information on the size of embedment and gravel required, check with your local health department. Five-inch perforated pipe in a gravity drain field does not have a slope from one end to another and has capped ends
- Once you have received a green sticker from the health inspector, you must cover the pipe and tank. All places, subject to the restrictions of the local health authority, will be required to cover the drain rock with a specific filter fabric, newspaper, four inches of straw, or untreated construction paper before backfilling. Advertisement
- A pump chamber after the septic tank should be installed The pump chamber, also known as a pressure tank or dosing tank, is where the electric pump is housed, which is responsible for transporting wastewater from one location to another and finally into the drain field for final disposal.
- Set up the pump chamber in the same manner as you would a septic tank. The effluent pump and floats are housed in the pump chamber, and they are responsible for pumping the effluent out to the drain field at predetermined or scheduled intervals. This is a hermetically sealed system. To ensure that the electrical installation complies with state standards, it is frequently necessary to hire a qualified electrician. It is important to remember that in places with high groundwater, the pump chamber or additional ATUs may remain essentially empty for long periods of time, and that these tanks may need to be safeguarded from floating by the installation of additional weight or other protective features.
- Secondly, all construction details, including the layout of all sewers outside of the home, the location and depth of all tanks, the routing and depth of pressurized effluent lines, and other system components, such as the drain field and any additional ATUs, must be consistent with the septic system plans approved by the local county health department. Cover the tank and pressurized lines once the inspector has given his final clearance and the system has been turned on. Advertisement
Create a new question
- Question I had a tank put, but it isn’t level with the ground. What will be the ramifications of this, and should it be leveled? It is necessary to keep the tank level. It is difficult to predict what it will have an impact on because we do not know which direction it is off level. Question Is it necessary to be concerned about tree roots growing into the drainage area when using a gravity flow kind of tank? Whether or whether you have lateral lines is dependent on the kind of trees that are growing close or above them. Tree species that tend to extend roots into the lateral lines and obstruct them are known as ramifications. Due to the fact that they are buried deep in the ground and surrounded by a pocket of gravel that allows waste water to drain out, they are rarely affected by grass, weeds, and shrubs. Question What is the maximum depth that a pipe may be lowered into the leech bed? The majority of systems require 12 volts “in the form of rock The perforated pipe should be suspended in the top area of the rock
- It should not be touching the rock. Question Maintaining a lush green grass on or above your pitch is it safe, or is it a good practice? According to what I’ve heard, brown or dead grass is preferred so that your field can breathe more easily. It is necessary for your field to take a breath. The presence of green grass across your field indicates that it is functioning well. With lush grass covering your field, it will be able to breathe. There should be no planting of woody shrubs or trees over the leach field. Question What is the recommended distance between the septic tank and the house/boundary? A minimum of fifty feet is required. States have different laws, but this is the most common distance
- Nonetheless, other states have stricter laws. Question What is the average amount of soil that goes into a residential leach field? It is dependent on how chilly it becomes. There are no less than 12 in the northern United States “in the leach field’s surface
- Question Is it possible to build a septic system during the cold months? What you should do will depend on whether or not you reside in a place where the ground freezes. Question What amount of water should I put in the tank to get it going? None. A typical tank holds 1,000 gallons and will fill up quite quickly if used on a regular basis. When liquid effluent is discharged to the drain field, the goal is to catch and pre-treat particles that have accumulated. It is possible that a pump system will require water to prime the pump. Question There is a misalignment between my septic field’s underground line and the pipe on the tank. Is it OK to utilize a 90-degree elbow on my septic tank? As long as you have decent downhill flow, you should be fine. Instead of using a 90, I would use two 45s. Question If I’m installing a septic system, when should I contact an inspector? Immediately following system installation but before earth is used to cover the system in place Always check with the inspector ahead of time to verify that they can satisfy your inspection needs
More information on the replies Inquire about something There are 200 characters remaining. Include your email address so that you may be notified when this question has been resolved. SubmitAdvertisement
- The use of aerobic bacterial additions (which are available at most DIY stores) to maintain a healthy and well functioning system, as suggested by producers on a periodic basis, is contentious. The septic tank is an anaerobic (wet) environment in which the majority of yeasts and other additions will have little or no effect on the sewage being processed. When it comes to installing septic tanks, some old school installers believe that placing an additive, a shovel of muck, or even a dead cat in an empty tank will “start” the process. What naturally enters the tank serves as the only thing that is necessary. The aerobic (wet or dry) component of the system consists of hundreds of square feet of drain field, where additives will do little help even if they make it all the way to the end of the system. The use of chemicals in septic systems has not been the subject of an independent research that has been published in a respectable scientific publication anywhere in the world, including this nation. This will mostly certainly be confirmed by your local health department. Each phase of the building process will almost certainly include an examination by a health inspector before the work can be completed or covered up. On pressurized lines, the use of a sand embedment is recommended in order to reduce the amount of damage caused by moving soil that has a high concentration of clay. When pumps are turned on and off, pressurized lines might move as well. Four inches (10.2 cm) of sand bedding on all four sides of the lines will prevent sharp pebbles from the ground or backfill from wearing holes in the pipe over time
Thank you for submitting a suggestion for consideration! Advertisement
- Keep the perforated pipe for the leech field in a vertical position while installing it to avoid having the holes in the pipe turn downward. It is necessary to lay the perforated drain field pipe ASTM 2729 dead level, so that the printed line on the pipe is facing up. The perforations on both sides of the pipe are on both sides of the pipe. All of the sections of perforated pipe are cemented together, and the ends of each leach line are capped to complete the installation. So, when waste water enters the pipe, it will fill the pipe to the height of the perforations and overflow from ALL of the holes, utilising the whole leach field as a means of treatment. In certain health authorities, you can utilize waste water to water grass or decorative plants, trees, vegetable gardens, and fruit trees if you place the perforated pipe on a slope. However, the water must first be cleaned by the system (tertiary treatment includes disinfection) in order to prevent pathogens (germs) from the septic system from being discharged into the environment throughout the process. Make sure to check with your local health authority to verify if the practice known as “reuse” is permitted in your community.
Things You’ll Need
- The following tools are required: backhoe tractor, trencher, shovel, contractor’s laser level and rod, or a surveyor’s transit. Septic tanks
- PVC pipe with perforations
- Material for embedding
- PVC adhesive, PVC fittings, and a septic tank outlet filter are all included. Hand saw
- Course file
- Sandpaper If necessary, effluent pumps and floats are installed. If an alternate system is used, a control panel is installed.
About This Article
The writers of this page have together authored a page that has been read 500,118 times.
Did this article help you?
A septic system is made up of two lengths of pipe that are connected together. Initially, it runs from the house, where the system services are located, to a tank, where the waste is separated and solids settle out. The second section runs from the tank to the drainage field, where fluids from the tank are dispersed into the earth underneath the tank. The process of installing the first run of pipe is quite similar to that of installing a traditional sewage line. It is necessary to maintain a downhill slope to the storage tank.
Locating the Septic Tank
The tank serves as the nerve center of the septic system. It is required to be situated between the residence and the drainage field. Each and every septic installation must begin with a soil test, and depending on the results, soil conditions may necessitate the placement of the tank in a less-than-ideal site for digging sewer lines. Also required are minimum setback distances from property borders, functioning wells, surface water and other obstructions to provide a safe working environment.
A standard septic tank has a 4-inch intake at the top, which is positioned towards the bottom. Ideally, a 1/4-inch-per-foot slope toward the pipe from the house should be maintained by the pipe connecting to it. To put it another way, for every 10 feet of distance between a tank and a home, the inlet must be 2 1/2 inches lower than where the pipe departs the house at its lowest point.
The pipe usually exits at ground level, although it may need to pass beneath a foundation footing or concrete pad in rare cases. Because the pipe can never be reversed in its slope, the depth of the footing or pad at the bottom defines the depth of the tank below the surface.
Digging the Trench
The trench for the septic pipe should be dug before the hole for the tank since you will need a backhoe to complete the work and the tank will get in your way if it is already in the ground. To allow rainfall to drain properly, the pipe should be placed on a 2- or 3-inch bed of drain rock, so remember to account for this extra depth when digging. It is normal to use a four-inch pipe, and it should be installed far enough down to link with the main soil stack, which is a three-inch pipe that runs vertically past the main bathroom and through the roof of the home.
Local building and health agencies will demand permits for a septic tank installation. You will also be required to submit a design plan before the permits will be provided, so prepare ahead of time. This layout should be developed in collaboration with a local builder who is familiar with the unique characteristics of the topography in your neighborhood. Stay away from planting trees or plants near the tank, drainage field, or any of the pipe systems. They will be drawn to the pipes in their hunt for nutrition, and their roots will be able to successfully block them.
Removal may be both expensive and time-consuming.
How to Connect Pipes to a Septic Tank
Septic tanks are connected to dwellings by four-inch pipes. Image courtesy of dit26978/iStock/Getty Images. Most contemporary septic tanks, whether constructed of concrete or plastic, are divided into two compartments by an internal baffle and equipped with an intake and output port. In most cases, when you first install the tank, each port has a preinstalled 4-inch sanitary tee fitting. You connect the waste line from the building to the inlet fitting and the drain line to the outlet fitting either by gluing it or by using a mechanical flexible coupling to connect the two lines (often referred to as aFernco coupling).
Septic tanks used to have only one chamber in the olden days.
The scum layer contains greases, oils, and other lighter-than-water contaminants that could clog the soil.
Whatever your feelings about the necessity of the tees, they serve as an insurance policy against the failure of the septic tank baffles, and it is smart to have them installed.
In order to keep debris out of the pipes, some plumbers put grates on the top portions of tees. However, these grates are not required, and under no circumstances should grates be installed on the lower portions of tees, since this will cause the pipes to clog.
How to Install Septic Tees
The installation of the tees on the septic tank must be done from the inside of the tank if the tees do not come with the tank. A 4-inch tee is normally firmly secured by predrilled or, in the case of concrete tanks, preformed holes in the tank’s inlet and outflow holes. A bead of butyl or silicone caulk around the perimeter of the tee on both sides of the tank will enough in most cases, but it’s not a terrible idea to apply some in case you do need glue. The top of the tee should have a short piece of tubing attached to it to allow the aperture to extend over the scum layer in the tank, while the bottom of the tee must extend below the scum layer, or around 2 feet below the tee, to allow for proper drainage.
Connecting Inlet and Outlet Pipes
The waste and drain pumps are located in trenches that slope toward and away from the tank, respectively, with a slope ranging between 2 and 10 percent. For a modest slope, it’s fine to glue the pipes straight to the tee; but, if the slope is steep, you need glue a 22 1/2-degree bend onto the tee to make the glue connection completely waterproof. If necessary, the bend can be configured such that it faces upward on the input side and downward on the outflow side. Despite the fact that the pipes fit firmly in the fittings, it is necessary to glue them together.
A septic tank may be deadly, and falling into one or even peering into one too closely can be fatal.