Eco-Septic recommends the use of concrete tanks in both residential and commercial settings, as they are generally the best septic systems due to their watertight and durable structure.
What kind of septic system is the best?
The best choice is a precast concrete septic tank. Precast septic tanks hold many advantages over plastic, steel, or fiberglass tanks. This is why so many cities and towns actually require the use of concrete septic tanks.
What is the longest lasting septic system?
Concrete septic tanks have the longest lifespan out of any septic tank material. While they are more expensive and sometimes difficult to install, it is for a good reason. A properly designed and installed concrete septic tank can last for anywhere from 40 years and beyond.
Which is better aerobic or anaerobic septic systems?
Anaerobic Bacteria. Aerobic bacterial colonies are generally regarded as better for on-site wastewater treatment. According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, aerobic bacteria are less susceptible to household chemicals than anaerobic bacteria.
What is the most cost effective septic system?
Conventional septic system These conventional septic systems are usually the most affordable, with an average cost of around $3,000.
What are the 3 types of septic systems?
Types of Septic Systems
- Septic Tank.
- Conventional System.
- Chamber System.
- Drip Distribution System.
- Aerobic Treatment Unit.
- Mound Systems.
- Recirculating Sand Filter System.
- Evapotranspiration System.
Does shower water go into septic tank?
From your house to the tank: Most, but not all, septic systems operate via gravity to the septic tank. Each time a toilet is flushed, water is turned on or you take a shower, the water and waste flows via gravity through the plumbing system in your house and ends up in the septic tank.
What is the average life of a septic system?
Age of the System It’s pretty common for a septic system to last 40 years or longer, which means if you buy a new home, you might never need to replace it. However, you might have an older home whose septic system has been in place for nearly half a century.
Can a septic system last forever?
How long does a septic system last? On average, a new septic system will last for 20-30 years. Soil quality – the quality of soil will determine how durable your septic tank is. For instance, acidic groundwater can corrode a concrete septic tank.
How often should a septic tank be replaced?
Typical lifespan is in excess of 30 years for GRP, PE and concrete tanks. Assuming optimal conditions of install and use, you could expect the following: Steel septic tanks have a life expectancy of 15 to 20 years.
What is the alternative to a septic tank?
Mound systems work well as alternatives to septic tanks when the soil around your home or building is too dense or too shallow or when the water table is too high. Although they are more expensive and require more maintenance than conventional systems, mound systems are a common alternative.
How often should I pump my aerobic septic?
How Often Should My Aerobic System Be Pumped? There are many variables that affect how often your system needs to be pumped. This is determined by the usage of your system, and the number of people living in your home, we suggest that your system be pumped every three to five years.
How long do aerobic septic systems last?
Longevity. On average, a properly installed and well-maintained septic tank can last up to 40 years. Regular septic tank cleaning and inspection will keep your aerobic system functional for many years.
How big of a septic tank do I need?
The larger your home, the larger the septic tank you’re going to need. For instance, a house smaller than 1,500 square feet usually requires a 750 to 1,000-gallon tank. On the other hand, a bigger home of approximately 2,500 square feet will need a bigger tank, more than the 1,000-gallon range.
How long does a leach field last?
It’s important to consider the life expectancy of a drain-field, too. Under normal conditions and good care, a leach-field will last for 50 years or more. Concrete septic tanks are sturdy and reliable but not indestructible.
Can you have a septic tank without a leach field?
The waste from most septic tanks flows to a soakaway system or a drainage field. If your septic tank doesn’t have a drainage field or soakaway system, the waste water will instead flow through a sealed pipe and empty straight into a ditch or a local water course.
Types of Septic Systems
Things that may damage or block a pipe, tank, or anything else in the system can also impair a leach field, whether they happen quickly or over a lengthy period of time. Over the course of several years or decades, this can result in the life of a leach field being significantly reduced. The improper usage of toilets and sinks might result in material being dumped onto a field that was not designed to receive it. Using harsh, ineffective, or chemically harmful cleansers or chemicals, especially over a long period of time, can cause corrosion to occur in components.
Consider the consequences of the substances you’re throwing into it.
It is not permissible to park automobiles, drive vehicles on, or place heavy objects or goods on any area of a leach field without the permission of the property owner.
If gravel, sandy soil, or topsoil are utilized in the building, any shifting or wear might cause damage to the structure or reduce its effectiveness.
Tree roots can cause significant damage over time.
The odor of a septic leach field
- Starting with the home, the same things that may damage or block a pipe, a tank, or anything else in a system can cause damage to a leach field quickly or over an extended period of time. Over the course of several years or decades, this might result in the life of a leach field being reduced. Improper usage of toilets and sinks might result in material being dumped onto a field that was not intended for it. Using harsh, ineffective, or chemically harmful cleansers or chemicals, particularly over a long period of time, can cause corrosion to occur in components. A leach field is a shallow trench that runs through the soil of your yard or land. Consider the consequences of what you’re throwing into it. Plastics, paper towels, diapers, excessive volumes of pet food or pet waste, sanitary wipes, and cigarette butts should all be avoided while using a septic system in general. It is not permitted to park automobiles, drive vehicles on, or place heavy objects or equipment on any area of a leach field. The pieces and waste material are not often buried deep beneath. If gravel, sandy soil, or topsoil are utilized, any shifting or wear might result in damage to the structure or a reduction in its effectiveness. Exercise caution while planting trees or performing any other excavation, digging, or planting near the leach field. Tree roots have the potential to cause damage over time. Again, these actions may unintentionally alter the original soil, slope, and drainage capabilities of the area. septic leach field odors
This tank is underground and waterproof, and it was designed and built specifically for receiving and partially treating raw home sanitary wastewater. Generally speaking, heavy materials settle at or near the bottom of the tank, whereas greases and lighter solids float to the surface. The sediments are retained in the tank, while the wastewater is sent to the drainfield for further treatment and dispersion once it has been treated.
Septic tanks and trench or bed subsurface wastewater infiltration systems are two types of decentralized wastewater treatment systems (drainfield). When it comes to single-family homes and small businesses, a traditional septic system is the most common type of system. For decades, people have used a gravel/stone drainfield as a method of water drainage. The term is derived from the process of constructing the drainfield. A short underground trench made of stone or gravel collects wastewater from the septic tank in this configuration, which is commonly used.
Effluent filters through the stone and is further cleaned by microorganisms once it reaches the soil below the gravel/stone trench, which is located below the trench.
In terms of total footprint, gravel and stone systems are very substantial, and therefore may not be appropriate for all residential sites or situations.
Gravelless drainfields have been regularly utilized in various states for more than 30 years and have evolved into a standard technology that has mostly replaced gravel systems. Various configurations are possible, including open-bottom chambers, pipe that has been clothed, and synthetic materials such as expanded polystyrene media. Gravelless systems can be constructed entirely of recycled materials, resulting in considerable reductions in carbon dioxide emissions during their lifetime. The chamber system is a type of gravelless system that can be used as an example.
- The key advantage of the chamber system is the enhanced simplicity with which it can be delivered and built.
- This sort of system is made up of a number of chambers that are connected to one another.
- Wastewater is transported from the septic tank to the chambers through pipes.
- The wastewater is treated by microbes that live on or near the soil.
Drip Distribution System
An effluent dispersal system such as the drip distribution system may be employed in a variety of drainfield configurations and is very versatile. In comparison to other distribution systems, the drip distribution system does not require a vast mound of dirt because the drip laterals are only placed into the top 6 to 12 inches of soil. In addition to requiring a big dosage tank after the sewage treatment plant to handle scheduled dose delivery of wastewater to drip absorption areas, the drip distribution system has one major disadvantage: it is more expensive.
Aerobic Treatment Unit
Aerobic Treatment Units (ATUs) are small-scale wastewater treatment facilities that employ many of the same procedures as a municipal sewage plant. An aerobic system adds oxygen to the treatment tank using a pump. When there is an increase in oxygen in the system, there is an increase in natural bacterial activity, which then offers extra treatment for nutrients in the effluent. It is possible that certain aerobic systems may additionally include a pretreatment tank as well as a final treatment tank that will include disinfection in order to further lower pathogen levels.
ATUs should be maintained on a regular basis during their service life.
Using mound systems in regions with short soil depth, high groundwater levels, or shallow bedrock might be a good alternative. A drainfield trench has been dug through the sand mound that was erected. The effluent from the septic tank runs into a pump chamber, where it is pumped to the mound in the amounts recommended. During its release to the trench, the effluent filters through the sand and is dispersed into the native soil, where it continues to be treated. However, while mound systems can be an effective solution for some soil conditions, they demand a significant amount of land and require regular care.
Recirculating Sand Filter System
Sand filter systems can be built either above or below ground, depending on the use. The effluent is discharged from the septic tank into a pump compartment. Afterwards, it is pushed into the sand filter. The sand filter is often made of PVC or a concrete box that is filled with a sand-like substance. The effluent is pushed through the pipes at the top of the filter under low pressure to the drain. As the effluent exits the pipelines, it is treated as it passes through the sand filtering system.
However, sand filters are more costly than a standard septic system because they provide a higher level of nutrient treatment and are thus better suited for areas with high water tables or that are adjacent to bodies of water.
Evaporative cooling systems feature drainfields that are one-of-a-kind. It is necessary to line the drainfield at the base of the evapotranspiration system with a waterproof material. Following the entry of the effluent into the drainfield, it evaporates into the atmosphere. At the same time, the sewage never filters into the soil and never enters groundwater, unlike other septic system designs. It is only in particular climatic circumstances that evapotranspiration systems are effective. The environment must be desert, with plenty of heat and sunshine, and no precipitation.
Constructed Wetland System
Construction of a manufactured wetland is intended to simulate the treatment processes that occur in natural wetland areas. Wastewater goes from the septic tank and into the wetland cell, where it is treated. Afterwards, the wastewater goes into the media, where it is cleaned by microorganisms, plants, and other media that eliminate pathogens and nutrients. Typically, a wetland cell is constructed with an impermeable liner, gravel and sand fill, and the necessary wetland plants, all of which must be capable of withstanding the constant saturation of the surrounding environment.
The operation of a wetland system can be accomplished by either gravity flow or pressure distribution. As wastewater travels through the wetland, it may escape the wetland and flow onto a drainfield, where it will undergo more wastewater treatment before being absorbed into the soil by bacteria.
Cluster / Community System
In certain cases, a decentralized wastewater treatment system is owned by a group of people and is responsible for collecting wastewater from two or more residences or buildings and transporting it to a treatment and dispersal system placed on a suitable location near the dwellings or buildings. Cluster systems are widespread in settings like rural subdivisions, where they may be found in large numbers.
The 6 Septic Systems You Must Know — Build With a Bang
It is a decentralized wastewater treatment system that is under some sort of community ownership that gathers wastewater from two or more residential or commercial buildings and transports it to a treatment and dispersal system that is placed on a suitable site near the residences or buildings. Cluster systems are widespread in settings such as rural subdivisions, where they may be found in large numbers.
Why Concrete Septic Tanks May Be Your Best Option
First and foremost, the septic system collects and dumps the waste generated by the home in the septic tank. The septic tank then separates and pre-treats the solid waste and oils from the wastewater before releasing them into the environment. Following that, most systems direct liquid wastewater from the septic tank onto a distribution network of porous pipes that branch out from the residence and septic tank and gradually discharge the wastewater into the soil. Some septic systems, rather than just discharging wastewater into the soil, employ pumps, disinfection products, an evaporation mechanism, or simply rely on gravity to funnel wastewater through sand or other organic material before releasing the effluent into the soil.
- The total square feet of drain field area required is determined by the number of bedrooms in the house and the soil type (arid or saturated), among other factors.
- Septic tanks are intended to serve as the initial stop in the wastewater treatment process, and they are constructed to do so.
- The sediments remain in the tank, while the wastewater is sent to the drain field for further treatment and dispersal when it has been treated.
- Concrete, plastic (polyethylene), and fiberglass are the three most common materials used in construction.
- Drain fields are plots of land that have been particularly engineered to assist in the filtering and removal of pollutants from wastewater.
Perforated pipes, which are buried within the trenches, are used to disseminate the wastewater from the home in a methodical manner. A standard septic system is comprised of a septic drain field, its associated pipe system, and a septic tank.
The majority of traditional septic systems are situated in single-family residences or small commercial establishments. A high number of individuals in a single area is not often served by traditional systems, which are not normally designed for this purpose. A typical system consists of the following components: Sewage treatment system (Septic tank) An underground wastewater infiltration system or a gravel-filled drain field can both be used to collect wastewater. Protects the clean drain field from additional possible impurities with a strong geofabric covering.
The wastewater (also known as effluent) is routed from the septic tank to the drain field in this location.
As soon as the wastewater passes through the clean drain field, it flows into the soil where it is continuously cleaned by naturally existing bacteria as it gently trickles its way through the soil layer and into groundwater.
The disadvantage is that it is difficult to install in homes with small lots.
As a viable alternative to the more frequent gravel field technique, chamber systems have been in use since the 1970s. It is common to employ chamber systems in places where the water table is high, as they reduce the likelihood of poor drainage and messy back-ups. Another need for this system is a sequence of linked pipelines and chambers, with the chambers being completely enclosed by soil. The septic pipes transport wastewater from the home to the septic tank, which subsequently transports the wastewater to the chambers.
During the last stages of wastewater treatment before it is discharged into a storm drain, bacteria in the soil release the treated wastewater into the soil as it flows downward toward the groundwater table.
The disadvantage of using an extra chamber instead of a more standard drain field is that there is an increased risk of additional maintenance.
Aerobic Treatment System
Aeration of wastewater in a septic treatment tank is accomplished by the use of aerobic treatment equipment. The infused oxygen in the wastewater aids in the addition of nutrients to the wastewater as well as the efficient start of the treatment process itself. Aerobic systems are available with tanks that may be used for both pretreatment and final treatment, as well as systems with two distinct tanks for pretreatment and final treatment, among other options. The ultimate objective is to treat and disinfect in a safe and efficient manner, without causing harm.
Advantage: This is particularly useful in locations with high water tables or in areas where there is insufficient land to construct a good drain field. The disadvantage of using an aerobic system is that, like the drip distribution system, it requires regular maintenance.
Drip Distribution System
Aeration of wastewater in a septic treatment tank is accomplished by the use of an aerobic treatment system. With the addition of oxygen to the wastewater, nutrients may be added, allowing the treatment process to begin more quickly. Aerobic systems are available with tanks that may be used for both pretreatment and final treatment, as well as systems with two distinct tanks for pretreatment and final treatment, as described above. The ultimate objective is to treat and disinfect in a safe and efficient manner, without compromising quality.
Maintenance with an aerobic system is required, just as it is with a drip distribution system.
Sand Filter System
Sand filter systems allow waste water to travel from a septic tank to a pump chamber, and then from the pump chamber to the sand filtering system. Sand filter systems are used in conjunction with septic tanks. The sand filtration system is essentially a big concrete box that is filled with sand to filter out contaminants. Following a leisurely pumping operation to the top of the box, the waste water is filtered through the sand, which treats the water prior to its discharge into the soil absorption region (see illustration).
Cons: Frequent maintenance is required.
In contrast to conventional septic systems, the Evapotranspiration System’s drain field is housed in a closed, waterproof field that is covered with layers of gravel and sand to keep out the elements. Once the wastewater has passed through the septic tank and into the waterproof drain field, it begins to evaporate slowly. It is important to note that, unlike other septic systems, the effluent never filters into the soil. When compared to the alternatives, the ease of installation, maintenance, and use is superior.
Benefits: The ease of use is excellent, and the difficulty of installation and maintenance is minimal.
The mound system consists of the construction of a big sand mound that serves as a drain field. A controlled flow of wastewater is maintained throughout its journey from the septic tank to a chamber where it is pushed through to the mound. After flowing through a mound trench and percolating through the sand, the wastewater eventually trickles into the ground. Among those who live in rural locations where there is a lot of land but little absorbent soil, the mound system is a popular alternative.
Cons: It takes up a lot of room and requires a lot of upkeep.
In any case, count on having your septic tank examined once per year and pumping it at least once every six months, regardless of the system you have in place. Solid waste matter can block the pump and cause damage to the drain field if it is not pumped on a regular basis.
Garbage Disposal With Septic
Unless you reside in a septic-equipped home, it is better not to have a trash disposal. The increased volume of solid waste material will necessitate more frequent septic tank pumping and may erode the drain field, resulting in sewage back-ups in the future. Those who live in homes with septic systems may find that they must be extra cautious about what they flush down the toilet. Certain common home objects, when flushed down a toilet connected to a septic system, can create clogs, backups, and even damage to the system, resulting in not only discomfort and aggravation, but also a significant financial burden.
Chemicals may cause significant damage to and contamination of surface and groundwater, which can result in disease or even death in animals and people who consume the water.
Pesticides Oils Chemicals used in photography
The Key Factors In Deciding The Best Septic System For Your Home or Lot
When a new house is being constructed or an existing septic system is being renovated, one of the most commonly asked questions is ‘what septic system is the most effective?’ The answer is not straightforward since it is dependent on a number of different circumstances. In certain cases, the greatest septic system for one property may not be the best septic system for another. Some significant considerations that must be made before choosing on which septic system is most appropriate for a given site are mentioned in the following section.
Soil TypeLoading Rates
The soil properties of a property, as well as the volume of sewage that will be created by the home, will play a significant role in determining the optimum septic system for that location. The kind of soil has a considerable impact on percolation rates, and the amount of wastewater produced by the home should also be taken into consideration, since the septic system must be able to handle the volume of wastewater that is generated. It is necessary for the effluent flowing into the drain field to be able to flow through the soil at a fast enough rate to prevent it from gathering and rising to the soil surface, where it can pond and represent a threat to both the environment and human health in order for it to be effectively treated.
After all is said and done, the type and size of septic system will be determined by the soil loading rate, which is the rate at which effluent is expected to pass through the soil (gallons per day / square foot).
The soil loading rate is influenced by the structure and texture of the soil, among other factors.
As a second requirement, there must be sufficient soil depth between the wastewater penetrating surface and the water table, as well as any other restricting layers or elements such as bedrock, restrictive soils, or water bodies, in order to ensure that effluent is properly treated by bacteria in the soil before it can be discharged into either the groundwater or a freshwater body. a variety of soil types ” data-medium-file=” ssl=1″ data-large-file=” ssl=1″ loading=”lazy” src=”is-pending-load=1 038;ssl=1″ alt=”” width=”451″ height=”309″ ” data-large-file=” ssl=1″ loading=”lazy” src=” is-pending-load=1 038;ssl=1″ width=”451″ height ” data-recalc-dims=”1″ data-lazy-src=” is-pending-load=1 038; ssl=”” srcset=”data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAAAP” data-recalc-dims=”1″ data-lazy-src=” is-pending-load=” is-pending-load=1 038; ssl=”” data-recalc a variety of soil types Depending on the depth of the soil that naturally occurs on site, it may be necessary to artificially increase the depth of the soil through the installation of a sand filter and/or an above ground sand mound in order to ensure that proper treatment takes place before the effluent reaches the restricting layer.
Poly Septic Tank vs Concrete Septic Tank
Another typical conundrum when choosing on the finest septic system for a site is determining whether to go with a concrete or plastic septic tank — polypropylene or high-density polyethene (HDPE) — septic tank for the property. However, while both types are appropriate, there are advantages and downsides to using each.
Plastic Septic Tanks
In comparison to concrete tanks, plastic (polypropylene and high density polyethylene) tanks are inexpensive, lightweight, and exceptionally durable; they are corrosion resistant and, unlike concrete, are not prone to cracking. They are less expensive to transport than concrete tanks, and they are simpler to move on a construction site without the need for specialist equipment, resulting in a lower cost of installation.
Plastic tanks, due to their light weight, may be prone to float to the top of the earth in locations where the water table is particularly high. It is possible that sharp pebbles or surfaces will pierce the plastic of the tank, creating leaks. If the tank is not adequately bedded Obtaining access to big volume tankage is more difficult without customisation, and it is possible that more than one tank may be required at any given moment. Plastic septic tanks are normally recommended to be buried at a maximum depth of 2-3 feet, and as a result, they will not operate in some instances when deeper burial depths are necessary.
Concrete Septic Tanks
Although concrete tanks are available in a variety of sizes, bigger prefabricated tanks are more readily available for storage of considerably greater amounts.
They are also incredibly resilient, and because they are so heavy, they will not float to the surface of the water like other types of floating objects. Concrete septic tanks are also capable of withstanding larger depths; in colder climates, deeper tanks are frequently required.
These tanks are more difficult to install than plastic tanks because concrete is so heavy. They require site access for a huge delivery truck equipped with a crane, which increases installation expenses, making them more expensive than plastic tanks. Inasmuch as the tank lid is not put until after the concrete tank has been set in the ground, it is possible for severe leaks to occur if the lid is not correctly sealed. Concrete is also susceptible to cracking, which can result in leaks forming.
Alternate Septic Sytems
As settlements are pushed further out from city borders, or, to put it another way, as lot sizes become more constricted as everyone strives to have a spectacular view of the lake. As a result, septic systems are forced to operate outside of the norm. Consider the following scenario: a property by the lake is acquired; the lot is not very huge, but the homeowner has a family and so demands a large residence. Because the soils contain larger percentages of sands, they are suitable for a standard gravity septic system.
- We don’t have enough space in the rear to accommodate such a system, and the front yard is not a concern for any septic system that could be installed in the future.
- You see, with a normal septic system, the septic tank is responsible for the majority of the treatment, with the remainder being handled by the soils.
- Generally speaking, a Type 1 Septic system is what you are looking at here.
- Because of the higher quality oxygenated wastewater, we are able to operate in a less space than before.
- There are various septic drain field technologies that can create Type 2 effluent as well, and a Type 1 effluent septic system can often be developed in conjunction with a Type 2 Septic system.still confused?
- If aerobic treatment does not enable us to conform to the size of the yard, we will need to consider adding extra treatment, which might include UV light or chlorination, to make up for the difference.
With type 1 septic systems, gravity dispersal is not always possible because to limitations in the design. Often, ideal land sites for wastewater distribution are found at higher altitudes than the dwelling, which makes sense. Additionally, soils that drain quickly and have short depths will not be ideal for gravity drainage. “Traditional gravity system” is defined as follows: data-image-caption=”Gravity septic system in the conventional manner” In both cases, the data-medium-file attribute is set to 1 and the data-large-file attribute is set to 1.
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We must construct a gravity septic system with at least 4 feet of clearance between where the wastewater is disseminated into (this is referred to as the infiltrative surface) and the limiting factor, which might be high water, bedrock or restrictive soil types, according to our standards of practice.
A pump will be used to transport the wastewater to higher altitudes, where it will be disposed of properly and efficiently. The drain field will subsequently be responsible for the final treatment of the effluent that is discharged from the tank area.
What is the Best Septic System?
Septic systems are available in a variety of configurations and configurations. They all have advantages and disadvantages, and they have all been developed for usage in various situations. The amount of wastewater that the household is anticipated to create, as well as limiting elements such as soil type and loading rates, as well as any restrictive layers present on the site, should all be taken into consideration when determining the optimum septic system for the home. However, both plastic and concrete tanks have their advantages and disadvantages; ultimately, the choice will be determined by the wastewater practitioner’s and homeowner’s preferences and budget, and/or whether or not they are permitted for use in the region where the installation will take place.
- Septic system approval is required in the vast majority of jurisdictions in British Columbia prior to new construction, expansions, or renovations to a house.
- Giving quotes over the phone is a somewhat speculative exercise.
- If you need assistance, please contact us; we’ll be pleased to assist you: Contact us via email at [email protected]
- Or… Fill out this form to receive a prompt response:
4 Types of Septic Tanks – HomeAdvisor
The characteristics of each type of septic tank are crucial to understand whether you’re deciding which type of tank to use in conjunction with your septic system or solving a problem with your existing tank. Each installation option has its own set of pros and limitations, just like any other installation. Knowing the relative advantages and disadvantages of each option will assist you in making the right selection while establishing, repairing, or replacing your septic tank. Please keep in mind that most of these issues are the consequence of improper septic maintenance or installation.
The cost of an inspection might vary significantly based on a variety of criteria.
- Solid Waste Container— Solid waste containers made of concrete are prone to cracking and even separation. These fissures, which are usually extremely durable for several decades, might appear sooner if a poor quality concrete mix was used or if the septic system has not been adequately maintained. These gaps will allow effluence (waste) to leak out of the concrete septic tank and/or allow groundwater to seep in through the tank’s drainage system. Either scenario is undesirable. The system may get clogged as a result of a blockage. Runoff is harmful, but it will not be discovered by a typical dye test since it is invisible. If a concrete septic tank is not physically inspected, it is possible that the problem will not be discovered until it is too late and major difficulties have developed. Tanks made of steel are the least long-lasting and most unpopular of the available tank options. They are intended to survive no more than 20-25 years, although they can succumb to rust even earlier than that. Steel top covers have the potential to rust through, allowing an unwary individual to fall into the tank. It is possible to change these covers without having to replace the complete tank. If you’re purchasing a property or already live in one that has a steel septic tank cover, personally viewing the cover will not necessarily provide you a clear indicator of the general state of your tank in the long run. As with any septic tank, pay particular attention to the baffles (entry and exit points) because they are the first to corrode in most cases. Fiberglass/Plastic Septic Tank—Unlike steel and concrete septic tanks, plastic septic tanks are virtually immune to the corrosion and cracking that occurs in steel and concrete septic tanks. Nonetheless, they have their own set of difficulties that should be kept an eye out for. In some cases, a low effluent level might indicate that a blockage at the bottom of the tank has gotten dislodged. Pumping should be performed even if the effluent level seems to be normal throughout the process
- Nevertheless, any clogs should be carefully checked after the pumping. It is possible that the process of pumping a septic tank will be sufficient to remove a clog.
- In spite of the fact that plastic septic tanks are more resistant to the chemical processes that occur naturally in a septic system, their lower weight makes them more prone to structural damage. It is necessary to install the tank with care in order to avoid damage to the tank. It is important to take careful notice of the land above the tank. Avoid driving any vehicles over the tank’s filling station. During periods of wet soil, the lighter can also cause the tank to shift in its position in the ground. Occasionally, a plastic septic tank may emerge from the earth, destroying pipes along the way.
- In spite of the fact that plastic septic tanks are more resistant to the natural chemical processes that occur in a septic system, their lower weight makes them more vulnerable to structural damage. It is necessary to install the tank with care in order to avoid damage to the vessel. It is important to take close attention of the terrain above the tank. Avoid driving any vehicles above the tank’s filling level. During periods of wet soil, the lighter may also cause the tank to shift in the ground. Occasionally, a plastic septic tank may emerge from the earth, smashing pipes along the way.
- Important Caution: Exercise extra caution when in the vicinity of open or uncovered sewage tanks. Falling into a sewage tank will almost always result in death due to asphyxiation. The simple act of leaning over a septic tank might lead you to pass out.
Our True Cost Report gathers information from homeowners on the expenses of small and big capacity septic systems. Use this resource while planning your installation project’s financial budget.
What Types of Septic Systems Are There and What Do They Offer?
Before you employ septic installation services, you must first choose which sort of septic system is most appropriate for your requirements. This selection will have significant ramifications, impacting the design of the septic system, the requirements for septic system installation, the efficiency of the system, and other factors.
In order to assist you in making your decision, we will go through five distinct types of septic systems and their characteristics in the following paragraphs.
1. Septic Tanks
A septic tank is a waterproof tank that is buried in your backyard that absorbs and partially processes raw household sanitary water before being released back into the environment. Due to the fact that the solid wastes settle at the bottom of the tank and the grease and lighter solids rise to the top, the wastewater that accumulates in the tank is released to the drainfield, where it is further cleaned and distributed. In addition to other forms of septic systems, the septic tank is an important component.
The latter introduces oxygen into the tank, enhancing bacterial activity and, implicitly, the efficiency of the wastewater treatment process.
2. Conventional Systems
Septic tank systems connected to a drainfield or a subsurface wastewater infiltration system are examples of wastewater treatment assembly systems. In order to transport the water from the tank, it is piped to a shallow trench of gravel or stone that is constructed directly beneath the ground surface. Geofabric is used to cover the trench to keep dirt, sand, and other pollutants from penetrating the space underneath it. The wastewater is filtered as it flows through the gravel or stone layer, thus the term “infiltrator septic system,” and it is further cleaned by the bacteria in the soil underneath the trench, which is referred to as the “infiltrator” in the name of the system.
As a rule, drainfields have a somewhat big footprint, making them unsuitable for many residential applications.
3. Chamber Systems
Gravelless drain fields, which have been in widespread use since the 1970s, are now a popular alternative to conventional gravel septic systems. From open-bottom chambers and fabric-wrapped pipes to synthetic materials such as expanded polystyrene, there are a variety of solutions available to choose from. It is crucial to highlight that it is feasible to construct gravelless systems out of recycled materials, so reducing their impact on the environment and saving money. A gravelless system is used in the chamber system.
Additionally, because they may be put in places with high groundwater levels and changeable septic system influent volume, they are a great solution for vacation properties and seasonal inns.
4. Drip Distribution Systems
These are effluent dispersal devices that may be used in a variety of drainfield configurations. Many homeowners favor them since they do not need the construction of big mounds of earth. Their drip laterals are installed at a depth of 6 to 12 inches below the surface of the soil. One downside of these sorts of septic systems is that they necessitate the installation of relatively large dosage tanks following the septic tanks in order to permit the wastewater’s timed-dose distribution to the drip absorption regions, which can be costly.
Another downside of modern septic systems is that they require extra components, such as electrical power, which raises the cost of operation and maintenance.
5. Mound Systems
In places with high groundwater, shallow soil depth, and shallow bedrock, these septic system types are more frequent than in other areas. They are made up of a sand mound that serves as a shelter for a drainfield trench. Septic tank wastewater is released into a pump chamber, from which it is pushed to the mound in predetermined dosages and filtered via the trench and sand layer prior to being spread into the surrounding soil. Even while mound systems might be an effective option for specific soil conditions, they take up a lot of space and require regular maintenance.
Let Specialists Recommend the Best Septic Systems for Your Home!
Homes owners frequently believe that simply because they have seen a sewer system diagram or various different types of septic tanks installed, they are capable of making the best decision for their home’s sewage system. Some people even go so far as to hunt for information on how to construct a septic system and consider taking matters into their own hands to solve the problem themselves. That is not something we recommend. For any commercial or residential project in Westport, Fairfield, Trumbull or Shelton, or if you have any questions about our services, please call or contact us online.
Precast Concrete Septic Tanks vs. Plastic Septic Tanks
When it comes to selecting a septic tank for your property, there are several alternatives to consider. First and foremost, you want to be sure that the tank you choose has the appropriate capacity for your home. After that, you’ll want to be certain that you select a tank that will give years of dependable service for you and your family members. A precast concrete septic tank is the most suitable option. Precast septic tanks provide several advantages over other types of tanks, such as plastic, steel, or fiberglass.
The Benefits Of A Precast Septic Tank
- When it comes to selecting a septic tank for your property, there are several alternatives available. As a first and main consideration, you should select a tank with sufficient capacity for your residence. Afterwards, you’ll want to be certain that you select a tank that will supply you and your family with years of dependable service. A precast concrete septic tank is the best option for most people. When compared to plastic, steel, or fiberglass tanks, precast septic tanks have several advantages. Because of this, concrete septic tanks are required in a growing number of cities and municipalities.
Why A Concrete Septic Tank?
Concrete septic tanks are preferable than fiberglass or plastic septic tanks because they are waterproof and heavy duty, making them the preferred storage vessel for on-site sewage storage and treatment over the other materials. In the United States, there are over 40 million septic systems in operation. Septic systems rely on the soil surrounding the septic tank, which is the major component in a septic system, to filter the wastewater discharged from the tank. Concrete septic tanks are also well-known for the following characteristics, in addition to the advantages described above:
- Strength improves with time
- Ease of installation
- Low susceptibility to damage during the backfill process
Shea Concrete Septic Tanks
The Shea Concrete Company has been building and installing precast concrete septic tanks for more than 65 years. Shea has a comprehensive variety of septic, cistern, and pump tanks in capacities ranging from 500 to 55,000 gallons, with the most of these sizes being transported by our company trucks, as well. Underground tanks for sewage storage that are safe and long-lasting are manufactured by us at a competitive price.
If you are thinking about upgrading or installing a new system, we would be delighted to speak with you. To receive a quotation on a precast concrete septic tank, please contact us at (800) 696-SHEA now.
The Advantages and Disadvantages of a Septic Tank System
When it comes to dealing with waste water in your house, there are two options. One method is through the use of municipal sewage lines, which convey waste water from your property to a treatment plant in the area. A septic tank is the second type of source of sewage. In light of the above, the specialists at Steve Mull Plumbing would like to discuss with all of our valued clients the different pros and disadvantages of a septic tank system, as well as some alternatives. A septic tank is a tank that is built beneath the earth and away from your home.
The water itself is pushed out of the septic tank and into the earth, and the waste is collected separately until it is time for periodic maintenance, at which point it is pumped out once again.
The Advantages of a Septic Tank System
Because massive underground sewer lines are extremely expensive to construct, install, and operate, a septic tank is often the most cost-effective option. A septic tank, on the other hand, is far less expensive to build and does not need homeowners to pay monthly maintenance fees. Another advantage of a septic tank is that they are extremely long-lasting and, when properly kept, need very little maintenance. The fact that septic tanks are ecologically friendly is a last advantage of using one.
Furthermore, because all of the recycled water is absorbed by various sorts of plant life in the surrounding area, it is extremely ecologically beneficial.
Disadvantages of a Septic Tank System
It is possible for septic lines to become blocked by a variety of different products that should not be flushed down the toilet or poured down the drain. It is possible to discover a blocked septic tank by the presence of a slow-draining sink or tub, as well as toilets that flush at an equally sluggish rate. If you see any of these indicators, contact a licensed plumber immediately so that they can assess the situation and suggest appropriate remedies. An additional drawback of a septic tank is that it must be pumped every 2-5 years, at a cost to the homeowner ranging between $250 and $450 every pumping.
- When a drainage pipe is broken, whether by tree roots, a digging accident, or even a car or other object interfering with the pipe, you will almost certainly find yourself in the midst of a major problem and a resulting mess.
- This will necessitate the urgent replacement of the damaged drainage pipe, which can be rather expensive.
- Remember, if you have a septic tank and are experiencing issues with it, or if you are in need of any sort of plumbing services or repairs, the professionals at Steve Mull Plumbing are the ones to contact.
- We are looking forward to the opportunity to serve you and to provide you with the greatest quality plumbing products and services this side of Tennessee.
Do not hesitate to contact our staff as soon as you discover that you have a plumbing problem on your hands. Get in touch with our helpful staff today!
Septic Solutions – Installation
There are four primary types of septic systems to consider. The availability of all four types may not be available to every homeowner due to the fact that municipal rules may prohibit the installation of traditional systems in areas where soil absorbtion or drainfield space is restricted. Furthermore, each has its own set of benefits and drawbacks to consider. The majority of municipalities need an engineer to do a site review. The outcomes of this examination will decide the alternatives available to the homeowners.
Installation prices also differ depending on the system type, so there is a lot to consider when deciding which system is ideal for you.
Traditional septic systems may be divided into two categories: those that employ gravel in the drainfield and those that use some sort of chamber system. The earlier stylegravelled system, as the name implies, comprises a layer of gravel in the drainfield. In the course of the building, a drainfield ditch is dug that is 1 to 3 feet below ground level. Its length is decided by the amount of effluent that will be discharged into the system from the house or rural office, as well as the soil’s ability to absorb water during the winter months.
- In order to prevent backfill dirt from filtering between the rocks and decreasing the field’s ability to absorb water, more gravel is poured around and over the pipe.
- Despite the fact that some waste is treated in septic tanks by bacteria that live within the tank, the majority of waste treatment happens when wastewater discharged from the tank enters the drainfield and is filtered through the gravel and soil below.
- These organisms grow and produce a layer known as a biomat, which sits on top of the soil layer and protects it.
- The presence of these organisms helps to maintain the biomat from getting so thick that it prevents wastewater from reaching the soil below while the drainfield is in equilibrium.
- Because gravel is used to filter the effluent, it instantly reduces the capacity of the effluent to reach soil, which is where the majority of the filtation takes place.
- Apart from that, even when competent contractors utilize solely cleaned gravel, a certain quantity of particles is certain to stay and eventually reach the soil level, further lowering the possibility of filtering.
- This can happen when the water table rises over the drain pipe, essentially cutting off the drainfield’s capacity to release water completely.
After that, there’s the chance of drainfield overflow, which can occur when there are more visitors in the house for extended periods of time or when taps or toilets are left running for extended periods of time.
Some of the disadvantages of gravelled systems are alleviated by gravelless conventional systems.
Typically, these chambers are made of molded high-density plastic and are available in lengths ranging from 10′ to 12′ feet.
Because we have discovered that the Infiltrator chamber system is the most successful when used in North Texas soils, Septic Solutions of Texas solely employs the Infiltrator chamber system.
When the system is put into service, waste water is transported via pipe from the septic tank to the chamber run, where it flows directly against the earth.
This is particularly effective in areas where the water table might rise near to the surface, as well as in situations where there is a brief rush in demand as a consequence of additional visitors.
Obviously, shock loading for extended periods of time will have a negative impact on the biomat since oxygen will not be accessible to parasites during these durations.
Low-Pressure Dose Systems
Low-pressure dosing systems (also known as low-pressure pipe systems) may be a viable option in situations when soil and topographical factors do not allow for the installation of a typical septic system, such as urban areas. Particularly relevant in situations where geography dictates that the drainfield be positioned up-hill from the septic tanks or where there is uneven terrain that would otherwise prevent the installation of a traditional system. Low-Pressure Dose Systems (LPDs) are designed to function in the following ways: A pumping chamber is placed in addition to the typical septic tank, which is a type of holding tank.
- The drainfield for an LPD application is made up of tiny perforated pipes laid in shallow, gravel-lined trenches that range in depth from 10″ to 18″ and in width from 12″ to 18″.
- After then, the field is allowed to drain.
- Shallow placement also encourages evapo-transpiration, which is the process by which evaporation and grass and other shallow-rooted vegetation serve to remove waste.
- Alarms will be activated if there is a significant increase in flow.
- Whenever a drainfield is not placed on a slope, the system will be constructed in such a manner that effluent does not exit the pumping chamber after the pump has been switched off.
- Furthermore, because of the employment of a low-pressure pump, the whole drainfield will be utilized in a consistent manner.
- However, there are several disadvantages to LPDs, including the possibility of root penetration and the blockage of drain holes by particles that leave the pumping chamber.
Finally, LPDs must be serviced on a regular basis. Electricity, a pump, and a smaller drainfield all raise the likelihood of system failure. As a result, most regulatory agencies now mandate septic system inspections by qualified septic specialists on a yearly or semi-annual basis.
The use of Evapotraspiration Systems (ETs) is often only practicable in arid and semi-arid environments. To put it simply, we are interested in climates where evaporation surpasses rainfall by at least 24 inches per year. The EP system is based on the natural evaporation of wastewater via a sand barrier, as well as the simultaneous transpiration of water through the leaves of plants and grasses grown above the drainfield, to remove pollutants. In contrast to the methods mentioned above, an ET system consists of a trench lined with an impervious barrier that drains to a collection basin below ground.
- Above the gravel is a layer of sand that is raised above the level of the surrounding ground.
- Naturally, this sort of system performs best during the spring, summer, and fall seasons, when heat and sunlight combine to deliver the most effective wastewater treatment.
- Applications in places with short soil depths and impermeable rock or hardpanlayers beneath the surface are recommended.
- Additionally, after the system has been in operation for an extended length of time, there is the possibility of salt accumulation near the surface.
- This is essentially the same system as an ET system, with the difference that the drainfield is not enclosed in this configuration.
- Generally speaking, wastewater must be able to flow through at least 2 to 4 feet of unsaturated soil before reaching the ground water table in order to be effective.
- In North Texas, most permitting authorities demand the construction of two fields, with the owner physically switching the wastewater flow between the fields once a month, as well as the building of two fields.
Aerobic Wastewater Treatment Systems
At this point, aerobic septic systems stand out as the only system that can be used in virtually all case where septic systems are needed. In essence, when you own an aerobic system, you are the owner of a miniature version of a municipal sewage treatment facility. As a result, your aerobic system closely resembles many of the stages and operations carried out by a municipal solid waste treatment facility. Aerobic systems and septic systems are similar in that they both treat wastewater via the use of natural processes.
The increase in oxygen promotes the natural bacterial consumption of waste inside the system as a result of the increase in oxygen.
Upon completion of this process, the resultant discharge water is clean and pure enough to be released directly over the absorption field using sprinklers.
The installation of aerobic systems is currently mandated by many regulatory authorities, including those in North Texas, for both new house construction and the replacement of failing conventional, LPD, and Evapotranspiration systems.
A low-cost maintenance contract will lessen the need for intervention and care on the part of the homeowner.
There is less solid waste entering the aerobic chamber as a result of this method.
Following that, the wastewater enters the aerobic chamber, where air is compressed and pumped into the wastewater in order to promote the development of good bacteria that eat the particles in the wastewater.
After that, the treated water is pumped into a pumping chamber, where it undergoes a last treatment with unstabilized chlorine before being discharged.
The pump will discharge the water into the absorption field when a float valve within the pump chamber detects the presence of water.
In most cases, aerobic systems are not significantly more expensive to build and operate than traditional septic systems.
Typically, they are less expensive to build than LPDs or Evapotranspiration systems since they do not require the use of sand and/or gravel to prepare a drainfield prior to installation.
This maintenance contract will provide you with the assurance that your plant will operate in accordance with specifications at all times.
If your maintenance contract expires before the end of this period, you will be required to either renew it or seek a new one from another waste water treatment specialist.
For further information, please see this link.
You will not be able to acquire a building permit till this study is completed. Septic Solutions of Texas retains ownership of the copyright and reserves all rights.