A septic pump is a type of submersible pump located in either the last chamber of the septic tank or a separate chamber outside the main tank. As waste fills the chamber, it triggers a float switch that turns on the septic pump. An impeller then pushes waste up the outflow pipe, into the drain field.
- The septic effluent (treated wastewater) eventually makes its way to your drainfield, where the groundwater further filters the effluent. The septic tank is usually emptied by a pumping system that runs on electricity or gas. Septic tank pumps use either water pressure or vacuum power to move sewage out of the tank.
How are septic tanks powered?
An on-demand pump system is the most common kind of pump system. The on demand pump begins its pump cycle whenever the wastewater volume reaches a premarked level in the septic tank, and the effluent (liquid sewage from the septic tank) is pumped into the drainfield.
How do I know if my septic pump is working?
To test if the pump is working, first turn the pump on by turning the second from the bottom float upside down. While holding that float upside down, turn the next float up (that would be the second from the top), upside down. You should hear the pump turn on.
How much power does a septic pump use?
120VAC, 60 Hz, 1.4A, 86 Watts. So the pump is going to draw 86 watts in continuous operation (as do most aerobic pumps run continuously). That’s 86 watts per hour (less than running a 100W light bulb).
How do you tell if your septic tank is full?
How to tell your septic tank is full and needs emptying
- Pooling water.
- Slow drains.
- An overly healthy lawn.
- Sewer backup.
- Gurgling Pipes.
- Trouble Flushing.
Why is my septic pump not working?
First check your circuit breaker, and then try to use a multimeter or similar device to check wires in the septic system for damage to see what needs to be replaced. A fuse is blown or circuit breaker is tripped. Replace fuses as needed. Note the size recommended by the pump manufacturer and pump nameplate rating.
Why is the red light on my septic tank on?
The red light indicates the alarm is receiving a signal from the pump tank that the water level is rising higher or is dropping lower than it should be. Let the septic system run a couple of pump cycles (should last about 10-15 hours) and the red light on the alarm box may go out on its own.
How often pump septic tank?
Inspect and Pump Frequently Household septic tanks are typically pumped every three to five years.
Do all septic tanks have pumps?
Septic Systems Rely on Gravity, Most of the Time For that to work, a pump is needed, or sometimes two pumps. If the tank is higher than the house, a grinder pump that liquefies solids will be placed in a pit in the home’s basement or crawlspace.
How much does it cost to pump a septic tank?
How much does it cost to pump out a septic tank? The average cost is $300, but can run up to $500, depending on your location. The tank should be pumped out every three to five years.
How long should a septic pump last?
The average life expectancy is 5 to 7 years for a residential sewage pump and 5 to 15 years for a commercial sewage pump. Life expectancy of the pump depends on many different factors, some of which are the quality of the pump, how often the pump has to run, and the electrical supply to the pump.
How long should my septic pump run?
How long does it take to pump a septic tank? A septic tank between 1,000 – 1,250 gallons in size generally takes around 20-30 minutes to empty. A larger tank (1,500 – 2,000 gallons) will take about twice as long, between 45-60 minutes.
Do Septic Tanks Need Electricity? The Answer is in the Septic tank Pump!
Disclosure: This post contains affiliate links, which means that if you purchase a product after clicking on one of our links, we may receive a commission or free product from the firms featured in this post. Amazon is a good illustration of this. As a homeowner who is responsible for the maintenance and operation of a septic system, you may be asking whether there is anything you should know about the operation of your septic tank when there is no electrical power available, such as during a power outage.
Because most septic tanks are constructed with a siphon, which allows gravity and the slope of the system to transport wastewater from the tank to the drainage field, most septic tanks do not require power to function.
How Does the Septic System Design Dictate a Need For Electricity?
As previously stated, most septic systems are intended to allow waste to be moved into the septic tank by gravity and the pitch of the system pipes, and subsequently out of the tank into the leach or drainage field by gravity and the pitch of the system pipes. As simple and archaic as this method of moving wastewater through the system appears to be, I know I thought the same thing when I compared it to other options. However, what you will quickly discover is that, when it comes to septic tanks, the more straightforward and simple the design, the more elegant the system is.
Moreover, the last time I looked, we don’t take advantage of our gravitational pull and begin to float into space every time the power is turned off.
Electrical-Based Septic Tank Pump Designed Systems
The operation of your system will be dependent on whether or not it is intended to use a septic tank pump as part of its design. That implies that if there is a power outage and the power to your septic tank pump is shut off, you will need to monitor your water use to ensure that your septic tank does not back up. These electrical septic tank pump systems DO need the use of electricity, contrary to what you would have assumed from the name. A major reason for the usage of electricity in these electric-based systems is because they are equipped with an electrical pump that transports waste water from the septic tank to the drainage field.
What is a Septic Tank Pump?
What is a septic tank pump and how does it work? It is possible to install an electrical submersible water pump in the last chamber of your septic tank, or to place it in a separate pump sump following the septic tank, although this is not recommended. This pump is normally controlled by a float switch, and when the float reaches a particular level, the pump is activated, allowing wastewater to be pumped out of the tank. In contrast to a septic tank system, which relies on gravity to transport the processed wastewater out of the tank, an electrical system requires the use of a pump to transfer the effluent (wastewater) out of the tank.
Because electrical septic systems are susceptible to power failure, they can cause your septic system to back up, causing serious problems for you and your family.
Why Does My Septic System Have a Pump?
Okay, so you might be wondering why your septic system is equipped with a pump. If you need to pump the effluent (wastewater) from the septic tank to a higher level, a Septic System will feature a pump to accommodate your needs. A gravity-based siphon system may be required if your final effluent disposal location (also known as a drainage field or leach field) is located at a higher elevation than the septic tank outlet, making it impossible to use a gravity-based siphon system to move the water from the septic tank to the leach field.
What Should You Do During a Power Outage if You have an Electrical-Based Septic System?
You should take the following steps if you have a septic system that includes electrical components such as a septic tank pump and you are experiencing a power outage that affects the system to minimize complications.
- Shower for a shorter period of time
- Try not to leave the sinks running for an extended period of time. Make an effort not to flush the toilets too frequently. If you have the ability to do so, try to keep your laundry to a minimum. Baths and dishwashing should be limited.
Due to the fact that your electrical septic tank pump will not be able to operate during a power outage, this might result in a backup and other serious issues. To avoid this, make sure you reduce the load on your septic system by managing your water consumption while the electricity is out. If you have a gravity-based system, you should be able to maintain your typical water use even if the electricity goes out completely. Except, of course, if your home also has a well and requires a water pump that is powered by electricity to provide water to the house itself.
Can I install back up power on my septic tank pump?
It is possible to have an electrician install a backup power source to ensure that your septic system continues to operate in the event of a power failure. Assuming your system was designed correctly, the first septic tank compartment should have enough space to hold water for at least a day or two before it becomes clogged with waste. As a result, if the power is restored within that period, the pump should be able to restart and transfer the wastewater out of the septic tank without any issues providing you were diligent in conserving water throughout the outage.
Other Septic System and Electrical Related Questions
Here are a few indications that may assist you in determining what type of system you are dealing with.
- You can see that a pump is listed in the designs by looking at the engineering and installation blueprints. Take note of the location of your drainage field in relation to your septic tank
- Is it on higher ground? If this is the case, you can be certain that the effluent is being pushed uphill, which means you can’t use a gravity-based system and must instead install an electrical pump. You should contact the listing agent or the prior owner if you have recently moved into the home. Call the septic tank inspector or read over your septic system inspection report to see if any of the system components have been mentioned. Contact the city to obtain a copy of the permit and to determine whether or not they can assist you with your query.
What if my Septic Tank Alarm goes off during a power outage?
You can observe that a pump is indicated in the designs by looking at the engineering and installation blueprints; Examine your drainage field to see whether it is located on higher land than your septic tank. This indicates that you can’t use a gravity-based system and must instead build an electrical pump. If this is the case, you know that the effluent is being pushed uphill. If you have recently moved into a home, contact the listing agent or former owner. Make a phone call to the septic tank inspector or check your septic system inspection report to see if any of the system components are mentioned.
What Should I do next to know what to do with my septic system the next time the electricity goes out?
The first thing you need do is figure out exactly what sort of system you have in your home in the first place.
Because of the system architecture we’ve reviewed in this post, the impact of a power outage on your septic system will be very different depending on the situation.
- Determine if you have a gravity-based septic system or an electrical pump-based septic system in place. Ensure that you and your family have a strategy in place for when the power goes out if you have an electrical pump-based water system in place. The best course of action is to put strong water-use regulations in place before you find yourself in this scenario.
- List the activities that can be continued on the water and another list of activities that should be postponed or restricted until electricity is restored. It is recommended that if a storm is on the horizon, people take showers as soon as possible before the storm hits to avoid adding additional pressure to shower during the outage.
- It is recommended that you put a backup generator on your house or system to ensure that the electricity continues to flow to your system during extended power outages.
I hope that this post has been of use in answering any concerns you may have concerning your septic system and the electrical needs it requires.
How to Check Your Septic Panel and Pump Chamber
If you have any questions concerning your septic system or the electrical needs for it, I hope this article has answered them for you.
1. Let’s start by inspecting the panel. Make sure the power is on by verifying the power switch to the panel is on.
The following items should be included in this general overview: The electrical box may be seen in the lower left corner of the image below, starting at the bottom of the image. Check to verify that all of the cables are firmly connected before using it. Next, take a look at the lower right corner of the shot, where you can see the discharge pipe for the pump. Check to see if it is operational (valve should be lined up with pipe). It’s now time to have some fun!
FIRST.PUT ON GLOVES!That is one step you DO NOT want to miss. Remove the float tree (the pipe with a pvc handle located upright left in our picture) and pull up the alarms.
*Please keep in mind that these instructions are for a 4-float system. Some systems contain only two or three floats.
If you don’t hear an alarm, this is cause for concern. Starting at the top, I will explain the floats and how to ensure each one is working.
NOTE: If your water supply is depleted, you may need to replenish it. Fill it up a little with water from a yard hose.
7. Continue testing.
Check that the pump is operating properly by flipping the second float from the bottom upside down and then turning it back around. With your other hand, turn the next float up (which would be the second from the top) upside down while still holding the first float. You should be able to hear the pump start up. As soon as you have confirmed that the pump is operational, just release these two floats. There’s one more float to go. The top float serves as an alert in case of high water. Turn it over down to see whether this is the case.
8. Now is the time to inspect the power cords.
Check to see that everything is securely tied to the float tree and not just hanging free. Zip ties can be used to reattach any stray cables.
9. Securely return the float tree to its holder and coil any dangling cords so that they are out of the water.
Important: If you continue to use water in your home, including flushing toilets and washing dishes, as well as taking showers, your septic tank will continue to fill. It is possible that sewage will back up into the home if effluent is not pumped to the drainfield on time. When it comes to power outages in Southwest Florida, we should expect them to occur from time to time. The majority of the time, power outages are caused by violent storms, but other events, such as a vehicle collision, can also cause power outages.
You should always keep flashlights and battery-operated lights on hand in case of an emergency of this nature.
If you have a generator, you can normally pick which appliances in your home will continue to operate while the generator is running.
Typically, consumers want to know if their system will continue to operate in the event of a major power interruption. Let’s take a look at some of the aspects that go into answering that question, as well as some tips for keeping your family safe.
Be “water-wise” during power outages
When you lose electricity, it is possible that your toilets, sinks, and showers will continue to function. The quantity of water you use should be reduced since your septic tank will still collect the water, but it will no longer be pumping the effluent (liquid sewage from the septic tank to the drainfield) out to the drainfield.
- Shut down the circuit breaker for your sewage pump. Take a couple of short showers
- Do not wash your clothes
- While brushing your teeth, shaving, or cleaning dishes, turn off the water. Avoid flushing the toilet every time it is used to dispose of liquid waste.
What to do when power is restored
Pump systems are classified into two categories: On-Demand and Timer. It’s critical to be aware of which one you’re dealing with. It is possible to have a time pump system installed, in which case a timer will automatically switch on at pre-determined intervals to pump water to the drainfield. The timer in this system is programmed to function in conjunction with the way the drainfield was created and the amount of water it can handle. In this scenario, you may switch the breaker back on to restore power to your system, and the timer will operate to successfully restore power to your system while without overburdening the drainfield with too much water.
When the water level in the tank reaches a certain level, the pump activates and pumps the waste water to the septic drainfield, as shown in the diagram.
Here is what you should do, to help restore your septic power outage
- The pump should be turned on for 2 minutes and off for 4 – 6 hours after the power has been restored. After that, you may “dose” the drainfield with the appropriate volume of effluent over a certain period of time. It is possible that the pump will automatically switch off during the initial manual dosing if there was little water usage during the power outage. Maintain a water conservation strategy and maintain the 2-minute pumping every 4–6 hours until the pump shuts down on its own.
We encourage you to contact us if you have any questions regarding your system or if it has been a long time since you had your system inspected. You can also use our online appointment request form. We are the highest rated septic company in Southwest Florida. Posts from the recent past
Septic tank power
You must completely re-evaluate your entire method of operation. Stop supplying a receptacle that is just for the pump’s use. Provide a 2-G receptacle that may be used for both the pump and for convenience electricity. You market the latter as being absolutely necessary for both the service technician and the owner’s personal use. The additional cost of a 2-G receptacle design that is now in use is pitifully low. It also implies the following: It is possible to put a 2-G deep box with twin 3/4″ hubs facing the bottom, one facing the top, and one facing the rear, for a total of 5 hubs.
- (A single sack will suffice.) This will let the dog to be proud of the soil, firm, and sweet in the process.
- The other hub is responsible for bringing electricity into the system from the Service panel/sub-panel.
- This entire preparation may be completed at your shop/shed and then transported to the job site.
- transferring to another load/ alert configuration The whole raceway, with the exception of the first few feet, would be made of PVC.
- A couple flower pots strategically placed directly behind this stub out may be quite attractive.
- It’s not a bad idea to CHAIN GFCI receptacles for this sort of run, just in case something goes wrong.
They would trigger the ground fault circuit interrupter (GFCI) number one if they dug a trench across the subterranean feed. Don’t you think that’s a CHEAP method to provide an alert circuit in the event of a power failure on this branch circuit?
Does Your Septic System Require A New Pump?
A septic tank’s waste and sewage are evacuated from it and discharged into a drain field, either by gravity or with the assistance of a septic system lift pump. In most cases, a septic pump is not required if the waste can flow at a rate of at least two feet per second through the system using gravity alone. Pumps are typically required for septic tanks that are located lower than the drain field and for which gravity is unable to transport and/or force the effluent out of the tank due to its location.
Know If Your System Uses A Septic Effluent Pump Or Septic Grinder Pump
Knowing what sort of pump your septic system is equipped with is critical to the overall operation of the system. A septic effluent pump is a device that transfers waste from a septic tank to a drain field. A septic grinder pump is responsible for the grinding and movement of human waste and toilet paper. Septic tank businesses in Gainesville, FL such as Jones PlumbingSeptic Tank Service can help if you’re not sure what sort of pump the system is using or where it’s located in the system. Our technicians will locate the pump and inspect the septic system in order to inform you of the steps that need to be taken in order to keep all components in proper working order.
How Septic Pumps Work
A septic pump is a sort of submersible pump that is installed in either the last chamber of the septic tank or in a separate chamber outside the main tank of the system. As waste builds up in the chamber, it activates a float switch, which then activates the septic pump. After that, waste is forced up the outflow pipe and into the drain field by an impeller. Installing a septic tank pump alarm is an excellent strategy to avoid having to clean out your septic tank on a regular basis. One of our professionals will connect the float switch to an alarm panel, which will sound if the pump fails for any reason during the installation.
This alarm will ring and notify you if there is a sewage backup in your home.
Maintenance For A Septic Pump
The upkeep of a septic pump goes hand in hand with the upkeep of a septic system in its whole. Never drain or flush any of the following common home objects to avoid the need for emergency septic service and to ensure the pump’s long-term functionality:
- Baby wipes
- Cat litter
- Fats, oils, and/or grease produced by or utilized in the preparation of meals
- Dental floss
- Personal hygiene products
- And Q-tips or other cotton swabs are all recommended.
In addition, avoid using the garbage disposal because this can cause the septic tank to fill up more rapidly and force water into the tank, among other things. If there is an excessive amount of water entering the septic system, it can cause sediments to enter the septic pump, resulting in a probable blockage in either the pump or the drain field. If or when this occurs, contact Jones PlumbingSeptic Tank Service for prompt and dependable septic tank repairs.
Common Septic Pump Issues
Even with proper maintenance, a septic pump can develop a variety of problems over time, including the following:
Noise Or No Noise
There are occasions when it is possible to hear the septic pump operating within the chamber itself.
Do not hesitate to contact us for septic service if it appears that the pump is having difficulty or is failing to transport waste effectively.
Leaking Into The Septic Tank
The septic pump is equipped with a check valve, which provides a pressure gradient in order to keep the waste flowing through the pump and into the drainage system. Whenever the valve wears down or breaks, waste is forced back into the septic tank, causing the tank to overflow and back up into the pipes.
Floats can become stuck open or closed, or they might become damaged as a result of material entering the septic tank. Depending on the extent of the damage, a professional from Jones PlumbingSeptic Tank Service may be able to remove the debris or may need to replace the float entirely.
Burnt Out Motor
If the motor within the septic pump burns out or fails, the pump will be unable to transfer waste, even if the energy is still being supplied to the device, since the waste would be trapped. In most cases, replacing the pump will address the problem.
Installing A New Septic Pump Or System
Jones PlumbingSeptic Tank Service will replace your septic tank if it is essential, and they will also install a new pump. Everything begins with an application, which is needed by the Florida Department of Health. We will always assist you in filling out the application and applying for any permissions that may be required. Our professionals will be pleased to walk you through the procedure and answer any questions you may have along the way.
Septic Tank Service
Jones PlumbingSeptic Tank Service can solve any septic issue, regardless of whether your sewage system currently has a pump or if you’re interested whether installing a pump will increase the system’s overall efficiency. When performing septic tank repairs in Gainesville, our specialists take into consideration the demands of the family or company. Call Jones PlumbingSeptic Tank Service immediately to make an appointment for septic service!
How to Wire a Septic System
Home-Diy Gravity is used by the vast majority of septic systems to transport processed waste water from the tank to the drain field lines. In some cases, the geography or the distance between the system components will prevent the usage of a gravity system from being feasible. When the length of the sources is equal to zero, this.parentNode.removeChild(sources); otherwise, this.onerror = null; this.src = fallback; )(, arguments.target.currentSrc.replace(), ‘, /public/images/logo-fallback.png’) ” loading=”lazy”> ” loading=”lazy”> Tank wiring should be protected from the elements with a waterproof enclosure.
- The following items are required: direct burial wire/cable
- Weatherproof electrical box
- Piggyback Plug.
- From the breaker box of your home to the septic tank, direct burial cable should be installed. When installing this cable, it is preferable to place it directly beneath the drain line itself. The drain pipe will then prevent the cable from being damaged by a shovel or other anything that gets stuck in it. If at all feasible, the septic tank pump should be on a separate circuit from the rest of the house. The wire should be connected to a weatherproof electrical box that is positioned outside the septic tank. Electrical rules prohibit the installation of any electrical connections or boxes within a septic tank’s interior space. Once the box is in place, the cable may be run to the breaker box and connected there. For those of you who are unfamiliar with electrical work, it is recommended that you hire a professional electrician to conduct the task. Connect the plug wire from the septic tank pump to the new electrical box by running it up and out of the tank. Pump control cables are often run on separate wires from the rest of the system. An electronic float or other switch will be used to regulate the pump, and it will turn on only when the water has reached a certain depth. Piggyback plugs should be used for the control wiring. An electrical outlet is located near where the control plugs and pump power cables are plugged in. Because of this, the pump’s power and controls will remain on the same dedicated circuit. It is necessary that these electrical connections be made outside of the tank, but they must also be at ground level rather than underground
The Drip Cap
- To transfer processed waste water from the tank to the drain field lines, the vast majority of septic systems rely on gravity to convey the water. It may be necessary to place an electric pump in the septic tank in order to drain the water in this situation. Incorporate a direct burial cable between your home’s breaker box and your septic tank. It is necessary that these electrical connections be made outside of the tank, but they must also be at ground level rather than underground
The Household Power Is Down. Now What?
If you attend one of our courses on the fundamentals of sewage treatment systems and talk about the need of including pumps, you will almost certainly hear someone ask what they should do if the power goes out. If you live in a rural region, you are well aware that it is not a question of if, but when and for how long the electricity will go out. The majority of power outages last only a few hours, however there have been instances where the power has been off for several days, even a week or more.
- When the electricity goes out, our first instinct is to tell people that there is another pump that they should be aware of, and that pump is the well pump.
- A well is no longer capable of supplying water once the water in the pressure tank has been exhausted.
- One exception to this rule is if a house is equipped with an automated generator system that takes over in the event of a power outage.
- It is simple to remember the well pump for water, the stove, the refrigerator, the freezer, and the television, but it is much more difficult to remember the sewage pump out in the yard, which is responsible for moving sewage from the pump tank to the drainfield.
- An interruption of the electricity will prevent the transportation of wastewater from the septic tank and pump chamber to the disposal field in any system that has a pump attached to it.
- Flushable solids should be the only things that go down the toilet; any dishwashing should be done in a tub where the water can be brought outside and thrown away.
- The homeowner should keep an eye on the level in the pump tank and, if necessary, call a pumper to come and empty the contents of the pump and septic tanks if they become overflowing.
An outage of electricity prevents wastewater from being discharged into the drainfield.
When an excessive amount of water is pushed at once, the drainfield might get flooded, resulting in surfacing or backups.
After a period of four to six hours, turn off the pump and then turn it back on.
The number of cycles that are necessary will be determined by the amount of effluent that has collected inside the system.
It regulates the amount of effluent (liquid sewage from the septic tank) that is discharged to the drainfield in a 24-hour period of time.
Once the electricity has been restored, the timer mechanism will finally take care of itself.
Using the manual override or turning the pump on and off repeatedly while shutting the circuit off may be essential in order to progressively diminish the backup power.
The importance of this is illustrated by situations such as power outages; the handbook should specify the quantity of dosage supplied and the length of time the pump operates.
If the power has been off for an extended period of time, the timer will be running behind.
It is necessary to take brief showers, avoid washing laundry, and take other measures to conserve water.
These suggestions may appear to be obvious sense to those who are familiar with rural regions and individual treatment systems; but, spending a little time explaining how the pumps function and what to do during power outages may save a lot of time and hassles in the future.
Troubleshooting Pumps: The Pump Motor Doesn’t Run
Check the wires in the septic system for damage with a voltmeter or comparable gadget to determine whether or not they need to be replaced.
Interested in Pumps?
Get the latest Pumps articles, news, and videos delivered directly to your email! Now is the time to sign up. Pumps+ Receive Notifications Checking for faults with a septic pump’s electrical system, the pump itself, and its controls are all important first steps when it won’t start. Dealing with electricity may be extremely dangerous; thus, exercise extreme caution while working with electricity and turn off power supply breakers when testing components inside the electrical system. If you are not 100 percent sure in your ability to execute any of these tests safely, consult with a specialist before proceeding.
If the pump does not appear to be operating at all, does not respond to any testing, and does not appear to be pumping effluent, it is possible that there is a wiring issue. Examine your circuit breaker first, and then try to use a voltmeter or similar equipment to check the wires in your septic system for damage to determine whether or not they need to be changed. If the wires are damaged, replace them.
- A fuse has blown or a circuit breaker has been triggered on the circuit. Check the fuses and circuit breakers. Fuse replacement is necessary as needed. Take note of the pump manufacturer’s suggested size as well as the pump nameplate rating. In the event that a circuit repair is required, contact an electrician. The power cord for the pump is improperly connected and makes poor contact with the pump. The pump cable cap prongs should be checked for tightness and corrosion if the system is equipped with a piggyback plug in. Alternatively, replace the plug, clean the plug prongs with abrasive paper, or have the electrical receptacle changed
- The branch circuit wiring is insufficient to support the pump load. Check the voltage on the line and compare it to the manufacturer’s standards if necessary. The pump should be hooked into a separate circuit breaker from the rest of the system (or fuse). If the circuit breaker also supplies electricity to other outlets or appliances, an additional outlet should be added so that the pump has its own circuit breaker as well. The pump motor overload tripped the circuit, which necessitated the call for an electrician. Allow the pump to cool for five to ten minutes before reconnecting it to the power source. If the overloadtrip occurs again, remedial action should be taken. Verify that the line voltage is within specifications by comparing it to the manufacturer’s specs. Check the voltage of the branch circuit with an electrician or with the power provider. Make sure that the pump is connected to a separate branch circuit since the voltage provided is insufficient. Voltagenmust be within 10% of motor ratings on either side of the equation. Check that adequate power is being sent through the system by measuring the voltage at the pressure switch, the control box, and any other components through which power is being delivered. a. If you notice that the electricity is too high or too low at the power panel, you may need to call the electric utility provider for assistance. Thermal overload and shutdown will occur as a result of low voltage at the pump. Call your local electrician to fix the circuit and, if necessary, contact your energy supplier. Check the controlpanel connections and watertightness as well. Look for clear evidence of flaws and wear on the control panel with a visual inspection. Check for faulty connections as well as burned or melted components. Perhaps your prior examination of the power supply at your control panel led you to the conclusion that a bad splice connection or broken conduit could be the source of your problem. Make a visual inspection of any electrical splice connections for corrosion and other visible evidence that power is not being delivered to the pump. It is important to ensure that the conduit, and thus the wire within it, has not been damaged (for example, if it has been struck by a lawn mower).
It is possible that the motor for the lift pump is not functioning properly, in which case power is still flowing to the pump but it is unable to function. At this stage, make sure that the pump is not clogged and that it is capable of performing its intended function; otherwise, the pump will need to be fixed or replaced totally.
- Theimpeller has been blocked or restricted. Disconnect the power, remove the pump from the sump, and inspect it for freedom of rotation of the impeller and shaft. Clean the volute and impeller, and remove any obstructions
- The bearings have frozen in their positions. Disconnect the power, remove the pump from the sump, and inspect it for freedom of rotation of the impeller and shaft. Lower bearing of the column pump should be free and lubricated. In order to repair the pump bearing, contact a licensed service shop. The water level is not sufficiently enough to activate the control switch. Water should be added to the sump to make it turn on. Control floats or weights must be readjusted
- An internal motor problem exists. Pump should be removed, power should be disconnected, and rated voltage should be connected before the controlswitch is actuated. To have your vehicle repaired or replaced, contact an authorized service shop.
In comparison to a float tree, a pump linked to a line is used. If the pump detects sewage levels using a float, the float may become caught or destroyed, in which case the pump will not operate. Usually, you can adjust the float or otherwise correct it so that it floats normally again, but if the problem is severe enough, you may need to replace the float totally.
- The operation of the float is hampered or restricted in some way. Water should be added to the sump to make it turn on. Make any necessary adjustments to the control floats or weights. If the float rod is bent or obstructed by debris, consider adding a separate float tree to make pump removal and float operation easier. If the float rod is bent or obstructed by debris, consider replacing it. Examine and keep an eye on things. Make necessary adjustments to the control floats or weights
- The float switch is faulty. Remove the pump, turn off the power, connect the power to the rated voltage, and turn on the controlswitch. Inspect for deformation, charred or melted components, or a significant amount of black discoloration. Unplug the pump’s chord from the piggyback plug on the floatswitch, and then reconnect the cord. To test the pump, just put the plug straight into an electrical outlet. If the pump continues to run, the float switch has failed and must be replaced. (Do not keep the pump plugged in for an extended period of time or it may burn out.) Make any necessary adjustments to the control floats or weights. Replace the liquid level control with a new one. Give the pressure switch a thorough visual inspection to check for flaws and wear and tear. Turning on and off switches is essential for a fully functioning system, and they are reasonably priced.
a little about the author Sara Heger, Ph.D., is an engineer, researcher, and lecturer in the Onsite Sewage Treatment Program at the University of Minnesota’s Water Resources Center. She holds a bachelor’s degree in civil engineering and a master’s degree in environmental science. She has given presentations at several local and national training events on topics such as the design, installation, and administration of septic systems, as well as research in the related field. Her responsibilities include serving as the education chair for the Minnesota Onsite Wastewater Association and the National Onsite Wastewater Recycling Association, as well as serving on the National Science Foundation’s International Committee on Wastewater Treatment Systems.
Heger will respond as soon as possible.
This article is part of a series on troubleshooting pumps:
- If the pump motor does not turn on, troubleshooting is necessary. Pump problems include: the pump turns on, but there is no water
- The pump turns on, but there is no water. Pump problems include the following: the pump runs continuously or cycles too frequently
- Pump problems include the following: the pump makes a lot of noise
- Pump Troubleshooting: There is a strong odor of sewer gas
What is a Septic Tank Pump
Pump for septic tanks In the context of septic tanks, this term refers to a submersible water pump that is positioned either in the last chamber of the tank or in a separate pump sump after the tank. A septic tank pump is a tiny electrical water pump that may be submerged in wastewater and is used to pump out sewage.
The pump will be activated and deactivated by a float switch when the chamber fills with water. When the pump is turned on, a little impeller in the pump rotates, which causes the water to be forced upward via the pipes to which the pump is attached.
Why Do You Need a Septic Tank Pump
When it comes to pumping effluent from a septic tank or sewage treatment plant to a higher level, a septic tank pump comes in handy. This may be important if you have either a raised percolation area or a soakaway in your yard. It may also be required in situations when the ultimate sewage disposal destination is positioned upslope from the septic tank outlet, making it impossible for wastewater to flow to the final effluent disposal point by gravity.
Installing a Septic Tank Pump in a Septic Tank
Pumps for septic tanks can either be put directly into an existing septic tank or at a pump station that is connected to the septic tank. The pump should not be installed directly in your septic tank, unless your tank is a single chamber septic tank. In the case of single chamber septic tanks, installing a septic tank pump will result in the pumping out of particles that have accumulated. Solids can accumulate in a soakaway or percolation area, causing it to get clogged. If you have a two- or three-chamber septic tank, you may put a submersible septic tank pump in the final chamber of the tank to help with drainage.
It is possible that the pump will become clogged with tiny particulates if this step is not taken.
Installing a Septic Tank Pump in a Separate Pump Sump
Pumping septic tank effluent is best accomplished by the installation of a septic tank pump in a separate chamber or the purchase of a pre-assembled pump station. A packaged pump station will typically include a pump that has been preinstalled into a chamber that has been outfitted with the requisite gate valves and non-return valves.
Septic Tank Filters
It is preferable to place septic tank filters, also known as bristle filters or effluent filters, in front of a pump station if at all possible. These filters are a very easy and effective solution to protect your pump from being damaged by foreign objects. The effluent filter captures and retains any tiny particulates that are present in the wastewater as it runs into the pump chamber. If possible, this filter should be fitted in a 110mm/4″ T piece under a manhole so that it may be readily removed and washed once or twice each year.
Septic Tank Pump Alarms and Controls
A septic tank pump alarm should always be installed in conjunction with the installation of a septic tank pump. These are typically comprised of a float switch that is hooked into a miniature alarm panel. If the pump fails, the water level in the pump chamber rises since no water is being pushed away from the pump chamber. The rising water level activates the float switch, which in turn triggers an alert and the flashing of a beacon to warn of the impending danger. In addition, alarms with a GSM dial-out feature are offered.
Septic Tank Pump Costs
Septic tank pumps for residential use are not very pricey items. Normally, they cost £150/€175 per person.
The cost of installing the pump may be the same as if you hired a professional septic tank repair firm to do the work for you. Pumps with greater capacity may be necessary when pumping a big commercial septic system, when pumping over a long distance, or when pumping from an elevated position.
Installation of a demand flow pump for a residential sewage system in Virginia is shown in the drawing as a ‘typical’ installation. The fact is that for many years, this was practically the only form of pump system that was offered to consumers. Because it is still a fairly prevalent form of system, we will use it as a starting point for teaching how pump systems operate in general. The system is made up of a number of critical components. Let’s start with the pump chamber and work our way down.
The septic tank’s effluent is drawn into the pump chamber by gravity.
The septic tank is responsible for liquifying wastewater and retaining the majority of particles.
The pump is represented as a blue box-like item at the bottom of the tank.
The pump is used in certain systems to disperse effluent equally, while other systems rely on the pump to simply overcome elevation differences.
When it comes to residential systems, it’s uncommon to find pumps with capacities less than 1/4 horse power or greater than 1/2 horse power.
The “pump enable/off” float is the lowest of the floats.
This implies that the pump can operate when both the middle or pump ‘on’ floats are tipped to the on position at the same time.
On a typical operation, wastewater from the septic tank fills the pump chamber, with effluent being maintained between the two bottom floats by the pump control valves.
A four-bedroom house produces between 150 and 600 gallons of effluent every day, depending on the size of the residence.
Most 1,200-gallon septic tanks have a liquid depth of 48 inches, which means that each inch of liquid depth is equivalent to around 22 gallons.
Normally, the floats are closer to the 7′′ distance than the 22′′ distance in terms of value.
sewage is corrosive, but sewer fumes are even more corrosive.
However, a larger tank would allow for more pumping capacity, but a larger tank is more expensive, and there is no benefit to administering a larger dosage other than increased expense.
If, for any reason, the pump does not start when the ‘on’ float is tipped to the right, the high water alarm will sound an audio visual warning to alert the user that there is a problem with the pump and to alert the user that the pump is not working.
This can be extended to a day or longer if water saving measures are strictly adhered to.
The length of time it takes for the tank to fill varies on a variety of factors, including the number of people who are using the system, the size of the tank, how strict the users are with their water consumption, and other variables.