Septic Tank Materials Septic tanks can be made of concrete, concrete blocks, fiber-reinforced plastic, high-density plastic or fiberglass.
- Acceptable tank construction materials are concrete, fiber reinforced plastic, high density plastic and fiberglass.
What is a septic tank lid made of?
Septic tank lids are typically green or black plastic; sometimes they are made of concrete. It’s not always easy to find the lid, though, as unkempt grass, dirt, or debris can conceal the septic tank lid.
What can I use to cover my septic tank?
The Do’s For Hiding Your Septic Tank
- Plant tall native grasses with fibrous roots around the opening to conceal the tank lid from view.
- Place a light statue, bird bath or potted plant over the septic lid.
- Septic tank risers and covers are an alternative to concrete and blend into green grass.
Should a septic tank lid be covered with dirt?
The lid covers should fit tightly — if they don’t, a company that specializes in septic repairs should be called to fix them. A septic tank stores the solids from drains and needs to be pumped out about every two years, so it’s not a good idea to cover the area — you need to always be sure where to find the tank.
Should you cover your septic tank?
You should cover your tank up with something that can be easily moved when you need to move it. Animals Need to Stay Away from Your Septic Tank System: Keep animals away from your septic system. It is not a good idea to grow a vegetable garden to cover up your septic tank pumping system though.
Do all septic tanks have lids?
Find the Lid. If your septic tank was installed after 1975, it will probably have two polyethylene or fiberglass lids centered at opposite sides of the perimeter. Older tanks will typically have a 24-inch concrete lid right in the center of the tank. Excavate in those locations to reveal the lids.
How thick is a septic tank lid?
The exterior walls of the septic tank are made of concrete, normally 4 inches thick. The concrete is either a minimum of 4,000 or 5,000 PSI concrete.
Can you put mulch over septic tank?
Gardens. Landscape fabric, plastic, bark, or mulch should not be used over your septic system. These materials reduce air exchange while bark and mulch also retain excess moisture. Adding more than a few inches of soil over the drainfield, such as for raised beds, limits air exchange and can lead to compaction.
How do I hide my above ground septic tank?
- Plant tall grasses or shrubbery around your septic tank.
- Put on a pair of gardening gloves.
- Sprinkle desired seed into the holes and water the area lightly with a garden hose.
- Erect fencing around the tank to hide it.
- Disguise the tank base with a bird bath.
- Hide the tank base with a fake rock.
Can you put anything on top of a septic tank?
Building over septic tanks It is never recommended to build a structure over any portion of your septic system. No permanent structures should be built over any portion of the system, but at least in this case the homeowner can pump out their septic tank.
Should a septic tank be airtight?
Septic tanks need to be watertight. The riser should be sealed to the top of the tank and the riser cover should be sealed to the riser with butyl rubber or some other flexible sealant. No liquid should enter or leave the tank.
How much soil should cover a septic tank?
Each layer should be uniform, no greater than 24 inches thick, and of nearly equal heights around the perimeter of the tank. However, compaction under the haunch (bottom curvature of some tanks) is best done in 6- to 12-inch layers.
How are septic tank lids measured?
Dig a 30” diameter hole down to the inlet chamber lid. Open the lid and look for the end wall where the 4” sewer pipe comes into the tank from the house. Once you determine where the inlet is, measure the distance from the center of the inlet lid towards the opposite end of the tank to locate the outlet lid.
Which Septic Tank Material Should You Use?
Receive articles, stories, and videos about septic tanks delivered directly to your email! Now is the time to sign up. Septic Tanks and More Receive Notifications Many different types of materials have been utilized to create septic tanks over the course of history. The following materials are most frequently used in the construction of septic tanks: 1. Resin made of polyethylene and polypropylene The use of fiberglass-reinforced plastic is another option. Precast concrete is a third option. Tanks made of precast concrete have traditionally been used for on-site water storage.
The use of tanks made of fiberglass reinforced plastic (FRP) and polyethylene is becoming more popular.
Tanks made of polyethylene/polypropylene “poly” can be rotationally molded in one piece or injection molded in two sections depending on the application. The bending and cracking of certain early poly tanks were a concern both during installation and while in use. Tanks with a ribbed or corrugated construction are more structurally sound than older models. Septic tanks’ structural soundness and watertightness are dependent on the use of high-quality raw materials and the careful attention paid to production procedures.
In the manufacturing of poly tanks, rubber and plastic pipe seals are frequently employed; in addition, access risers are often constructed of the same polymers as the tank itself to provide a seamless aesthetic appearance.
Most local codes have approved poly tanks, and manufacturers specify where and how poly tanks may be used; therefore, when evaluating the use of any tank in onsite systems, it is important to review the strength and other requirements included in the manufacturer’s installation instructions, as well as the manufacturer’s specifications.
- Installation is simplified by the fact that poly tanks are lighter than concrete, which is advantageous on difficult-to-access sites. No rust or corrosion, and they are resistant to the chemicals and gases found in sewage and soil, allowing them to last for a longer period of time than other materials. Contractors may deliver themselves, eliminating the need for a boom truck or the need to wait for delivery. The design minimizes the number of seams and joints that may leak
- Because of their low weight, steel tanks are more likely than concrete tanks to float out of the ground in locations with high water tables. Larger capacity are not normally offered
- Nonetheless, Typically only available in a limited number of different sizes
- Typically, there is no rating for traffic
- Have a restricted depth of burying (often 4 feet, but verify with the manufacturer for exact depth)
- Some brands must have water or wastewater in them at all times
- Others do not. In order to assure structural integrity, certain installation criteria must be followed.
Fiberglass Reinforced Plastic (FRP)
Some fiberglass tanks are built as a single piece. Others are manufactured in two pieces by the use of an injection molding technique. Structure soundness and watertightness are both dependent on the use of high-quality raw materials and the strict adherence to production standards, as previously indicated. FRP tanks may leak as a consequence of shipping damage, a faulty batch of glue, uneven application of adhesive, or tension imposed on the midseam during installation, however this is not typical.
The assembling procedure must be meticulously carried out to ensure that the joint does not leak or split.
While the glue is curing, the bolts are mostly employed to keep the pieces together while the adhesive cures.
Pipe penetrations and access riser joints, just like with tanks composed of other materials, must be carefully sealed to ensure that they do not leak and cause damage.
If joints are not watertight, the functioning of the tank is significantly diminished owing to the greater danger of water invading the tank. Testing for watertightness in the field is simple and may be accomplished by filling the tank with water (above the seams) and looking for any leaks.
- The tanks are less heavy than concrete tanks, which might be advantageous in difficult-to-reach locations. They are not susceptible to rust or corrosion, and they are resistant to the chemicals and gases found in sewage and soil. Larger capacity options are available. It is possible to build for a deeper burial and to have a traffic rating
- Because of their low weight, steel tanks are more likely than concrete tanks to float out of the ground in locations with high water tables. In order to assure structural integrity, certain installation criteria must be followed. When compared to concrete and polyethylene tanks, steel tanks might be less cost-effective. Typically only available in a limited number of different sizes
Precast septic tanks are normally made in two sections, with a seam either at the lid or in the middle of the tank’s body. Blended compounds, such as butyl rubber-based or asphalt-based (bituminous) sealants, are commonly used to seal precast tanks that are made of several pieces. It is possible for a leak to occur at the inlet and outlet pipe penetrations, particularly if the tank or piping settles or moves as a consequence of faulty bedding or installation. Mechanically sealing these connections to the tank is essential to ensure that they are both waterproof and flexible.
- Rubber boot seals are particularly attractive since they are flexible and maintain a seal even after backfilling and settling has taken place.
- Steel reinforcement is employed in accordance with the tank design to offer additional structural capacity during handling, installation, testing, and operation of the tank, among other things.
- The compartment walls are normally cast in one piece with the tank, similar to how the tank is constructed.
- When it comes to horizontal joints, preformed flexible joint sealants consisting of butyl rubber or asphalt-based compounds are utilized to seal them.
- These connections should be made with cast-in, waterproof, flexible resilient connectors that allow the tank and pipe to move freely without the chance of a leak forming between them.
- As with other tank materials, it is critical that the tank be waterproof, and in-field verification at the time of installation may be accomplished quickly and simply using proper techniques.
- Because of the density of concrete, it has a higher resistance to buoyancy. Installation criteria that are less strict
- The containers are available in a variety of sizes, including extremely large capacity. It is possible to build for a deeper burial and to have a traffic rating
- It’s less difficult to modify
- On sites with restricted access, the weight of the material and the equipment required for placement might be challenging. It is possible for corrosion to occur.
a little about the author Sara Heger, Ph.D., is an engineer, researcher, and lecturer in the Onsite Sewage Treatment Program at the University of Minnesota’s Water Resources Center. She holds a bachelor’s degree in civil engineering and a master’s degree in environmental science. She has presented at several local and national training events on topics such as the design, installation, and administration of septic systems, as well as research in the related field. Her responsibilities include serving as the education chair for the Minnesota Onsite Wastewater Association and the National Onsite Wastewater Recycling Association, as well as serving on the National Science Foundation’s International Committee on Wastewater Treatment Systems.
Send an email to [email protected] if you have any concerns concerning septic system care and operation. Heger will respond as soon as possible.
Septic Tank Covers or Lids
- Send us your question or comment on septic tank covers, including their strength, collapse, or safety issues
- We’ll get back to you as soon as we can.
InspectAPedia does not allow any form of conflict of interest. The sponsors, goods, and services described on this website are not affiliated with us in any way. Covers and apertures for septic tanks, as well as access ports: We present a guide to septic tank covers, including information on where to obtain them, what they are, and how to keep them secure. Assuring that the septic tank lid is in good working order. Find out where to check for septic tanks, septic tank covers, and septic tank cleanout lids in your home.
For this topic, we also have anARTICLE INDEX available, or you may check the top or bottom of the page.
Septic Tank Covers
What is the depth of the Septic Tank Cover once the Septic Tank has been identified? Is the cover in good condition?
Septic Tank Cover Depthlocation
Tank Cover Depth: How deep will the septic tank cover be is a question that many people ask. Most of the time, the top of the septic tank is roughly one foot below the level of the ground. However, the depth of the water fluctuates greatly. The septic cover, on the other hand, can be several feet deeper. If you take note of the depth at which the waste line leaves the building foundation wall, for example, 3 ft. below the top of the soil (grade level), and if the site were dead flat and the tank were located 12 feet from the foundation wall, at a typical waste line slope of 1/8″ to 1/4″ per linear foot of run, the septic tank’s entry port for the waste line would have to be approximately 3 ft.
If the site were dead flat and the Obviously, if the site is not flat, these septic tank cover depth estimates would be different than before.
Septic Tank Cover Safety Procedures
Take extreme precautions to ensure that the coverings and cleanout access covers over the septic tank are secure and long-lasting, so that it will be difficult for someone to fall into the tank (which is sometimes deadly), and that children will not be able to remove the cover. If your septic tank is located in a location where vehicles may drive over it, heavy-duty rated covers are available for your convenience. This is something you should discuss with your septic tank contractor. Even if there is the slightest doubt about the condition of the septic tank cover (for example, if there is evidence of subsidence over the tank location), you should cordon off the area and prevent anyone from walking over it, because falling into a septic tank is extremely dangerous and could result in death.
- See HOW TO OPEN A SEPTIC TANK for instructions on removing and replacing septic tank, cesspool, or drywell covers. DISCONNECT THE SEPTIC TANKS using different articles
- Refer to SEPTIC TANK DESIGN STRENGTH SPECS for information on sewage treatment plant cover strength and vehicle loads, information that is also applicable to cesnpools, drywells, and other similar structures.
Reader Question: septic tank cover collapse
11/28/2014 The following is what Scott C. said:I have a septic system that is powered by a pump tank.
The weight of the dirt beneath which the lid was buried caused the lid to fall. There were around 3’2″ of them “because of the clay type dirt that the installer used to cover it The thickness of the lid is four millimeters “. Is that up to par for a soil with so much organic matter? –
Scott, The collection of data is necessary in order to determine whether or not the cover over a septic tank is adequate. Septic tanks are, in fact, designed to handle a variety of weights and loads. See SPECIFICATIONS FOR SEPTIC TANK DESIGN STRENGTH As previously stated, simply measuring the thickness of the septic tank lid is insufficient to determine whether or not it was adequate; we do not know if it contained steel reinforcement, if it did, at what spacing and with what material; nor do we know the quality of the concrete; nor do we know its history (for example, prior vehicle traffic over the tank); nor do we know the size of the septic tank.
Reader Question about septic tank cover security regulations in Alberta
04/30/2015 Septic Tank Lids made the following statement: Could you possibly provide me with information on the regulations governing septic tank lids in Alberta? We have a concrete BellSiphon, and I’ve noticed that the lower and smaller lids (one from each compartment) are being left at the top of the bigger lids, as well as beneath a cover on our concrete patio. Is this normal? When I confronted the owner of the pump truck firm, he responded by saying “Because they are a nuisance, that is an excellent location for them to be.
as well as the metal hooks snapping.
We’ve had the same tank system for 40 years and have always had it covered.
Thank you so much, Jane.
STL: Here is an excerpt from the Alberta septic tank code for your information. 18.104.22.168. Lid/Cover Opening with Easy Access 1) All access holes must be provided with a secure lid or cover to prevent unauthorized access. 1 One purpose of this regulation is to promote safety by prohibiting unauthorized or inadvertent entrance into the access aperture of a septic tank or holding tank. Sentence (1) explains how this regulation works. The use of a padlock and a cover that can only be removed with tools are examples of acceptable protective measures, as is the use of a cover that weighs a minimum of 29.5 kg (65 lb).
The following further comments on these techniques is provided in the handbook: It is critical that the lid or cover of the manhole access aperture be securely fastened in order to prevent someone from accidently falling into the tank below.
When the access lid is first installed, it must be secured; it is then the owner’s obligation to ensure that it stays secure on an ongoing basis.
In summary, if the lid over your septic tank can be lifted by a child, the chance of someone falling into the tank is high, as is the possibility of a swift and horrible death. Make certain that the coverings are secure.
- Source:ALBERTA PRIVATE SEWAGE SYSTEMS STANDARDS OF PRACTICE, 2009 HANDBOOK, obtained on April 30, 2015, and updated on March 18, 2018, from the original source:Public/Documents/PSSSOP Handbook Version 12 Online Feb 21 2012b.pdf
Reader Question: how do I cap this wiring conduit at my septic tank cover?
2013/0318 NT inquired:Our dogs have pulled what looks to be a portion of our septic system that was obstructing electrical wires. What is the best location to look for a replacement? NT, a reader, sent this photograph.
Reply: proper conduit and exterior electrical boxes are required for outdoor septic pump wiring
NT: When I look at your photo (above), the white plastic “tube” appears to be a riser conduit for septic pump or alarm wire. I’m not sure if it’s a product specifically developed for that use or if it’s a homemade couduit produced from downspout material. I would start by contacting your septic installer or maintenance firm to find out what type of material they used. This may save you a lot of time digging around in your yard. In the meanwhile, make sure you cover the top of the conduit with a tarp or other temporary cover to keep rainfall out.
Keep an eye out: I have my doubts about whether or not the conduit utilized was appropriate and certified for electrical wiring.
The figure on the right illustrates what I am referring to: the use of specified components for subterranean and outdoor electrical wiring with a riser that is elevated above the ground.
- In the book PUMP CONTROL SYSTEMS, FLOATS, PANELS AND INSTALLATION, by Matt Johnson, Chippewa County Health Department, 508 Ashmun Ave., Sault Ste. Marie, MI 49783, obtained on 20 March 2018, from the following URL: www.chippewahd.com/cms/lib/MI17000311/Centricity/Domain/105/Control % Matt Johnso is responsible for the installation of the panels and for the installation of the panels.
Reader Q A – also see the FAQs series linked-to below
Jonathan You will need to excavate just enough of the septic tank to be able to estimate the measurements of the tank cover, at the very least at the corners. Meanwhile, if the tank cover is destroyed, be sure to rope off the area and keep people away from the area since if someone falls into the tank, they would die quickly and horribly. I jumped over the concrete cover and fell to the ground. What is the best way to determine what size I require? Janet The replacement lid needs to be safe (falling into a tank is lethal), which means it needs to be robust and it needs to be secured to the tank’s top.
- Yes, it is technically conceivable.
- Do you have a pad for sale, or do you know where I may get a hold of one?
- One of the lid’s corners split and dropped into the tank, creating a hole in one of the corners.
- Perhaps there are sewer fly problems because the top of the tank is not properly sealed?
- The PVC vent cap to which you refer is suitable for use as a cleanout access cap, however it does not function as a ventilation cap.
A cap is something I’m seeking to put on – does it need to be vented or slotted?
We do not offer any products for sale.
Do you have a septic tank lid that is sagging?
We do not offer any products for sale.
Do you have a septic tank lid that is sagging?
Root-X will not repair or assist in the treatment of your septic system; for further information, visit SEPTIC TREATMENTS in theARTICLE INDEX.
If this is not done, the problems will recur and you’ll run the risk of both contamination of the local environment and septic failure that backs up into your home.
Please notify me and upload a snapshot of what you have discovered so that we may discuss it further.
It is usual for a septic tank to have some floating particles, such as the following: excrement and toilet paper, as well as lumps of grease, are OK; however, bits of wood or roots are not.
Throughout my system, I have four green circular covers.
I’m confident that it is an aerobic system.
My home is just around 14 years old, and I have heard that having four covers indicates that it is a newer variety.
I’d want to know what’s going on in each tank, what appears to be normal, and what might cause me to be concerned about the status of my tank.
They came out and cleaned up what they could before telling me that they would pump it all out if there were roots uncovered.
Approximately four weeks later, it began to burp once more.
Tank one had a large clump of roots floating about, which I removed; tank two appeared to be in fine condition.
I took out those portions of text.
The burping has subsided once more.
When they drained it out, I was wondering why there were so many chunks floating about.
I’m having trouble finding anything on Google.
However, I suspect the time, trouble, and cost of doing so will be comparable to the cost of purchasing a new concrete cover from your local septic supplier.
In addition, I have another spherical concrete one that is located over the sewage pump tank.
I think what I’m asking (and what you probably won’t be able to truly provide me with) is a way to cover it now that the area has only been excavated down a foot or so, but rain and sand are going to seep into it.
Continue reading atSEPTIC TANK OPEN, HOW TO, or choose a topic from the closely-related articles listed below, or see the completeARTICLE INDEX for a comprehensive list of articles.
Alternatively, visit the SEPTIC TANK COVER FAQs- a collection of questions and answers that were originally placed on this page. See these SEPTIC TANK DESIGN STRENGTH SPECS for further information.
Key Septic Tank CoverOpening Articles
- ACCIDENT REPORTS FOR SEPTIC TANKS
- SEPTIC TANK COVERS
- SEPTIC TANK DEPTH
- SEPTIC TANK DESIGN STRENGTH SPECS
- SEPTIC TANKS FLOATING UP
- SEPTIC TANK, HOW TO FIND
- SEPTIC TANK OPEN, HOW TO
- PUMPING SCHEDULE FOR SEPTIC TANK
- SEPTIC TANK RISERS
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How Your Septic System Works
Underground wastewater treatment facilities, known as septic systems, are often employed in rural regions where there are no centralized sewage lines. They clean wastewater from residential plumbing, such as that produced by bathrooms, kitchen drains, and laundry, by combining natural processes with well-established technology. A conventional septic system is comprised of two components: a septic tank and a drainfield, often known as a soil absorption field. It is the septic tank’s job to decompose organic matter and to remove floatable stuff (such as oils and grease) and solids from wastewater.
Alternate treatment systems rely on pumps or gravity to assist septic tank effluent in trickling through a variety of media such as sand, organic matter (e.g., peat and sawdust), constructed wetlands, or other media to remove or neutralize pollutants such as pathogens that cause disease, nitrogen, phosphorus, and other contaminants.
Specifically, this is how a typical conventional septic system works:
- All of the water that leaves your home drains down a single main drainage pipe and into a septic tank. An underground, water-tight container, often composed of concrete, fiberglass, or polyethylene, serves as a septic system’s holding tank. Its function is to retain wastewater for a long enough period of time to allow particles to sink to the bottom and form sludge, while oil and grease float to the surface and produce scum. Sludge and scum are prevented from exiting the tank and moving into the drainfield region by compartments and a T-shaped outlet. After that, the liquid wastewater (effluent) exits the tank and flows into the drainfield. The drainfield is a shallow, covered hole dug in unsaturated soil that serves as a drainage system. Porous surfaces are used to release pretreated wastewater because they allow the wastewater to pass through the soil and into the groundwater. In the process of percolating through the soil, wastewater is accepted, treated, and dispersed by the soil, finally discharging into groundwater. Finally, if the drainfield becomes overburdened with too much liquid, it can flood, causing sewage to flow to the ground surface or resulting in toilet backups and sink backups. Finally, wastewater percolates into the soil, where it is naturally removed of harmful coliform bacteria, viruses, and nutrients. Coliform bacteria are a kind of bacteria that may be found in the intestines of humans and other warm-blooded animals, with humans being the most common host. As a result of human fecal contamination, it is a sign of this.
The Guadalupe-Blanco River Authority has built an animated, interactive model of how a residential septic system works, which you can view here.
Do you have a septic system?
It’s possible that you’re already aware that you have a septic system. If you are not sure, here are some tell-tale symptoms that you most likely are:
- You make use of well water. In your home, the water pipe that brings water into the house does not have a meter. In the case of a water bill or a property tax bill, you will see “$0.00 Sewer Amount Charged.” It is possible that your neighbors have a septic system
How to find your septic system
You can locate your septic system once you have confirmed that you have one by following these steps:
- Taking a look at the “as constructed” drawing of your house
- Making a visual inspection of your yard for lids and manhole covers
- Getting in touch with a septic system service provider for assistance in locating it
Failure symptoms: Mind the signs!
A bad odor is not necessarily the first indicator of a septic system that is failing to work properly. Any of the following signs should prompt you to seek expert assistance:
- Water backing up into the drains of homes and businesses
- It is especially noticeable in dry weather that the drainfield grass is bright green and spongy. The presence of standing water or muddy soil near your septic system or in your basement
- A strong stench emanating from the area surrounding the septic tank and drainfield
Choosing the Right Material for Your Tank
By ensuring that your septic tank is constructed of the proper materials, you may avoid septic tank troubles. The majority of septic tanks are made of concrete, fiberglass, polyethylene, or steel that has been covered with a protective coating. Pre-fabricated septic tanks with a capacity of less than 6,000 gallons are often used for small septic systems. Larger septic tanks are either built in place or assembled on-site from pre-manufactured components in order to save time and money. In order to properly install concrete tanks in a system, specialized cranes must be used to lift and lower the tanks into place.
- A concrete tank, with its additional weight, would be more suitable for tanks built in areas where there is a lot of ground water, wet soil, or other situations that might cause tanks to float.
- It is also crucial to be aware of the maximum depth permitted by the tank manufacturer – concrete tanks, for example, are often strengthened to withstand higher depths than other tank materials.
- Over time, the presence of hydrogen sulfide and sulfuric acid can cause concrete and the rods that strengthen the concrete to corrode (note: this is not the case with aerobic septic tanks).
- Tanks made of PVC and polyethylene are not harmed by these gases, while tanks made of nylon are impacted.
- Tank manufacturers must adhere to precise specifications in order to ensure that the predicted weights do not break or collapse the tank, and seams must be waterproof in order to accommodate fluctuating soil saturations.
- This is also crucial in order to prevent water from entering the tank from the outside, which might cause the tank to become hydraulically overloaded and disrupt the treatment process.
- Tank collapses have also been connected to a tank’s inability to keep water out of the tank.
To summarize, there are a variety of considerations to consider while picking a septic tank material. Choosing the proper material will aid in the prevention of issues with your system.
Modern Septic Tanks: Materials, Types, and Accessories
While septic tanks used to be made of a variety of materials (including wood), today’s tanks are primarily constructed of high-performance materials that have been proved in the field. Whether you haven’t had a septic system in decades or this is your first time owning one, you’ll want to learn everything you can about septic tanks before making an offer on a rural property. While only one component of a septic system, the tank is an extremely vital component that requires regular maintenance, such as pumping and cleaning.
- Materials for the Tank The body of a contemporary septic tank is normally constructed of a material that is designed to withstand the forces that attack it.
- Concrete, fiberglass, and plastic are some of the most widely utilized materials.
- However, despite the fact that concrete is a very inexpensive tank material, it is not regarded the most long-lasting contemporary septic tank material due to two drawbacks: it is porous and it is prone to cracking.
- The second type of erosion is caused by sewage gases.
- As a result, the gas might transform into acid, which eats away at the concrete.
- Fiberglass As a result of the fact that fiberglass is largely impervious to acid assaults, it may be used to prevent any of the erosion that concrete may be subject to over time.
- However, because these tanks are lighter than concrete, they must be properly secured to prevent them from drifting away when the ground becomes flooded.
Although plastic is frequently regarded as harmful to the environment due to the fact that it takes an inordinate amount of time to decompose, that same characteristic might be a lifesaver in this application.
Types The kind of septic tank that is put in your property may be determined in part by the peculiarities of your home’s setting.
Listed here are some of the most common types of septic tanks that you’ll find on the market and in your garden.
A one-compartment tank is the most basic design, and it has been in use for many decades.
There are two compartments.
Some jurisdictions (such as the state of Washington) require that new tanks contain at least two chambers to be compliant.
There are three compartments.
Others may just have three chambers for processing, in order to boost the overall efficiency of the system even further.
Components of a baffle Designed to be installed at the entrance or exit of the septic tank, a baffle or sanitary tee directs and controls wastewater flow.
Plastic tees are preferable in a contemporary tank, although both styles serve the same purpose in a variety of situations.
At the outlet, a tee or baffle stops floating particles from entering the outflow pipe and clogging it.
Components for gaining access to the tank Older septic tanks may have hidden lids that are difficult to reach and access, making it difficult to get access to each tank compartment.
As you can see, the design, substance, and appurtenances of a contemporary septic tank can vary significantly from one tank to the next.
Make contact with an experienced local septic and plumbing company, such as Easy Rooter Plumbing, for further information on how to properly care for your contemporary septic tank and system.
Not only can we assist you with septic pumping, but we can also provide inspections, maintenance, and even trenchless repair for underground lines that are linked to your septic tank. Contact us now!
Everything You Need To Know About Your Septic System
Florida people rely on roughly 2.6 million septic systems to dispose of waste and wastewater on a daily basis, accounting for 30% of the state’s population. Homes and businesses in rural regions rely on these systems to dispose of garbage in an efficient and environmentally friendly manner.
What Are Septic Tanks Made From?
Septic tanks are a waterproof box composed of concrete, fiberglass, or polyethylene material that is used to dispose of sewage. In other words, there will be no debris, dirt, or water from the surrounding ground that may get into the tank. Septic tanks made of concrete and/or fiberglass are the most common types.
Common Styles Of Septic Tanks
ATUs treat and filter waste by separating it into three compartments: a garbage compartment, an aeration chamber, and a clarification compartment. An aerobic, or thoroughly oxygenated, environment is created in the effluent by forcing compressed air through it. Because the bacteria thrive in this environment, waste decomposes more quickly than it would in a conventional septic tank. This helps to limit the quantity of organic material that enters the soil and groundwater around the house.
Most tanks built since 1976 feature two compartments for filtering effluent, sediments, and wastewater that enters the tank during the construction process. The first compartment, which is placed adjacent to the intake pipe, is often bigger than the second compartment, which is located further away. It is possible to see the liquid flowing from the first container into the second compartment. Before the effluent is discharged into the outflow pipe, any remaining sludge and scum separate from the liquid.
The quantity of wastewater that flows from the septic tank is controlled by a pump tank. Pump tank level increases as effluent accumulates in the tank and eventually reaches the level set by a control float. As soon as the float is activated, the pump starts pumping effluent into the drain field in a predefined volume.
In lieu of septic tanks, holding tanks can be used to collect and store waste. They are either above or below ground and require constant pumping to remove the contents of their holding tanks. The majority of holding tanks are equipped with an alarm that sounds when the tank is full.
A single compartment tank was utilized in the majority of septic systems constructed before to 1976. These tanks could hold up to 1,000 gallons of liquid at a time. After entering the tank and separating into three levels, liquid waste is discharged into the septic drain field via the outflow line.
What Is FOG?
Fats, oils, and grease (also known as FOG) are frequent cooking byproducts that occur naturally in a wide variety of foods and other items. While FOG is viscous when it first enters the septic tank, it cools swiftly as it comes into contact with the wastewater in the tank. However, because of its viscosity, FOG coats and covers every surface it comes into contact with when it solidifies.
How A Septic Tank Works
Solids sink to the bottom of the tank’s intake pipe, while FOG rises to the surface of the wastewater and collects at the top of the tank’s intake pipe. In most cases, the tank is large enough to keep wastewater for an extended period of time, allowing effulent separation to take place. There are three levels within the tank as a result of this separation: a sludge layer on the bottom, a wastewater layer in the middle, and a scum layer on top. bacteria, enzymes, and other microorganisms often present in human waste begin to break down the sludge layer and break down the sludge layer further.
Upon entry into the septic tank and drain field, two baffles direct and filter the water. The intake baffle prevents the scum layer from obstructing the inflow pipe, while the outflow baffle keeps scum and particles in the tank until they are removed by the drain.
What Are Septic Tank Solids?
The majority of solids contained in a septic tank may be divided into three categories:
- Non-biodegradable organic solids include pet litter, plastics, and other items that do not decompose over time
- Biodegradable organic solids include vegetable scraps and other cellulosic compounds, as well as toilet paper
- And biodegradable organic solids include solid human feces.
Septic System Drain Fields
After leaving the septic tank, effluent goes into a drain field, which is a network of underground pipes and dirt that collects the waste. Other phrases that are commonly used include absorption field, leach field, and trench. The size of the space required is determined by the following factors:
- Soil type
- Seasonal variations in groundwater level
- Amount of water absorbed each day
- And soil percolation rate are all factors to consider.
The soil percolation rate is defined as the amount of water that the soil can absorb in one minute per inch of soil thickness. A significant consideration in determining the site of a septic drain field in Florida is the percolation rate, which is crucial because the state has a high water table.
How A Drain Field Works
An underground network of perforated pipes may be found in this location, which can be found in either several trenches or a gravel-lined soil bed. Drainage from the pipes filters through the gravel and dirt before entering the sewer system. Compaction of the soil has a significant impact on its function, which is why it is critical not to construct structures on it or drive or park vehicles of any size over it.
Why Is A Drain Field Important?
Natural filtration is provided for effluent, which is recycled back into the groundwater source. It is possible that biological and chemical pollutants may infiltrate the water and create health problems for anybody who consumed or came into touch with the water without this filtering system in place.
How To Find Your Septic TankSeptic Drain Field
The location of the septic system will be shown on the majority of property plans and surveys. Possibly handed to you after the sale of your house or company, these documents are also maintained on file at the county government office. The septic tank is often built along the sewage line that leads away from the house or other structure. When this line is many inches in diameter, it means that it is located at the lowest level of your home, such as a basement or crawl space. Stick a metal probe every two feet along the sewage line as it exits the house, following it all the way out to the street.
Locate the borders of the septic tank lid with the probe – typically tanks are 5 feet by 8 feet in size, so this may take some time.
As soon as you discover a discrepancy between the system location and previously prepared diagrams or maps, make sure to update these materials and retain a duplicate for your records.
The Septic Tank Pumping Process
In order to prepare for extraction, the floating scum layer is first broken up by alternately sucking out liquid from the tank and pumping it back in to break up the bottom solid layer. Pumping is accomplished through the two access ports, which are referred to as manholes. The tank should never be pumped through the inspection apertures on the baffle wall.
This can not only cause damage to the baffles, but it can also result in insufficient waste removal from the tank. Until the septic tank is completely depleted, industrial vacuums are used to remove waste from the tank and into our tanker truck.
How Often A Septic Tank Should Be Pumped?
In most cases, every three to five years is sufficient. However, depending on the size of your septic tank and the amount of sediments and wastewater you produce on a daily basis, you may need to contact a septic tank pumping firm such as Jones PlumbingSeptic Tank Service sooner rather than later.
What To Expect During A Septic Tank Pumping
Before starting the pumping process, it is necessary to measure the thickness of the scum and sludge. This information is important in determining the pace at which waste accumulates and in determining when the next pumping should be scheduled. The pumping process is monitored closely by our personnel, who are actively monitoring for any possible system problems, such as backflow from the outflow pipe. Backflow that is significant typically indicates a backup in the drainfield, whereas slight backflow indicates a weaker outflow line in most cases.
Septic Tank Cleaning
Septic tank cleaning and septic tank pumping are not the same thing, despite the fact that many people use the phrases interchangeably. Pumping just removes liquid and uncompressed materials; cleaning, on the other hand, eliminates any leftover solids before washing the interior of the tank with soap and water. Following the removal of the liquid layer from the tank, our professionals employ pressured jets of water to break up any residual particles in the tank. Solids are removed from the tank with the use of an industrial-grade vacuum and a connected hose before the inside of the tank is washed.
This can result in the formation of sinkholes or the breakdown of the entire system.
How Often Should A Septic Tank Be Cleaned?
With every septic tank pump out, there is a new beginning. Keep in mind that the frequency with which the tank is pumped is determined by the number of people who are using the system and the volume of wastewater created on a daily basis. You may work with an aseptic tank pumping firm, such as Jones PlumbingSeptic Tank Service, to establish a regular pumping and cleaning program for your tank.
How To Keep A Septic Tank In Good Condition Between Cleanings
The most effective strategy to ensure that your septic tank remains in good working order for many years is to be informed of what can and cannot be put into the system.
Don’t DisposeFlush Items At-Will
In order to degrade materials that enter the tank, a septic system relies on bacteria that are found in nature. Although it is a mutually beneficial connection, it is susceptible to being pushed out of balance depending on the materials that are disposed of. Fat, oil, and grease (FOG); chemicals, paints, fuels, and/or motor oils; disposable diapers, sanitary, and personal hygiene products; coffee grounds; egg and nut shells; and disposable diapers, sanitary, and personal hygiene products are all common household items that should never be flushed down the toilet.
Schedule Annual Inspections
Home and business owners may do an outside inspection of their septic system on their own. However, only a professional and skilled septic tank firm, such as Jones PlumbingSeptic Tank Service, should check the tank and its interior components. Because of the formation of toxic vapors and gases within the sewage treatment plant, it is dangerous to work near one without the proper safety equipment and training. Look for areas of unusually tall grass, sewage odors or smells, and unexplained standing water as you walk around the area where the septic tank is situated.
PumpClean The Tank As Necessary
Skipping regular septic tank services is a surefire way to end yourself in a situation that might have been avoided. Performing routine pumping and cleaning allows our personnel to check the overall health of the system and correct any issues that may arise before they become a major concern.
Keep Records Of Septic LocationService
It is essential to understand the location of the entire system in order to properly maintain it. Parking or driving cars over any portion of the septic system should be avoided at all costs. The weight of vehicles can cause the system to collapse. When this occurs, the only option for repair is a complete replacement. It is also recommended by Jones PlumbingSeptic Tank Service that you preserve records of when the system was examined, pumped, and cleaned for your own records and in case you decide to sell your home in the future.
The volume of water entering a septic system has a greater influence on the health of the system than the amount of solids created by the system. The greater the volume of water that flows through the drain field, the shorter the functional lifespan of the drain field and the overall system. An excessive amount of water flow impairs effective separation of particles inside the tank, increasing the likelihood of clogged intake and outflow pipes, which can result in sewage backups in the tank.
Septic Tank Repair In Gainesville, FL
Too much water in the septic tank increases the likelihood of sediments being transferred into the pipes, which might result in a clogged system.
Aggressive Tree Roots
Tree roots are well-known for generating problems with septic tanks and systems. Many species of tree roots are stronger than septic tanks, and they can cause leaks and other structural damage by cracking the pipes and tank.
Common Septic Tank Repairs
There are a variety of reasons why the pipes might fail, including compacted and/or moving soil. Once the pipes burst, they must be fixed as soon as possible to avoid significant drainage problems. When it comes to reaching and repairing the pipes, excavation of the area is frequently necessary.
The baffles of a septic tank are responsible for keeping sediments contained within the tank. Rust or contact with sulfuric acid are the most common causes of damage. It is quite beneficial to have an annual septic check performed in order to see if there are any difficulties with the baffles before a problem occurs.
How To Prevent A Septic Tank Failure
The fact is that septic systems are not foolproof and that they benefit immensely from routine maintenance and upkeep.
The majority of failures may be avoided by paying attention to what goes into the plumbing and septic lines.
Only Flush Toilet Paper
As a rule, toilet paper degrades and disintegrates more quickly than other types of paper goods. Particularly problematic are paper towels and wet wipes, which are two of the most prevalent causes of septic tank clogging and premature tank cleanouts.
Never Pour FOG Down The Drain
FOG is extremely harmful to all plumbing systems, including the septic system. FOG, when it is in liquid form, readily flows into the septic tank and collects in the top scum layer of the tank. This may not appear to be a problem, but the mixture has the potential to run into the drain field, where it might cause contamination concerns with groundwater and the surrounding soil if allowed to do so.
Regular Drain Cleaning
The numerous commercial drain cleaners available may temporarily unclog a clogged drain and associated plumbing, but they do so at the expense of the septic system’s ability to function properly. They include chemicals that swiftly eliminate the bacteria that are important for the decomposition of particles within the septic tank once they are applied. The layer of solids accumulates quickly — and needlessly — on the surface of the water. As an alternative, call a plumber to do expert drain cleaning.
How To Tell When You Need A New Septic System
A septic system may last anywhere from 20 to 40 years if it is maintained properly and repaired when needed on time. However, if you detect any of these frequent indicators of a failing septic system, it’s time to call Jones PlumbingSeptic Tank Service to have a new septic system installed in your home or commercial property. The following are common indicators that the present system should be replaced:
- Sinks and toilets that take a long time to drain
- Plumbing that is always backed up
- Sewage odors in the company, house, or yard
- Patchy mushy, swampy, or damp areas of the yard Gray water that has accumulated
- And grass that has grown more swiftly and is a darker shade of green
What To Know Before A Septic Tank Is Installed
In order to prevent the contamination of water sources and the creation of public health hazards that can result from incorrectly designed septic systems, the state of Florida and local municipalities have established rules and regulations to guide new septic system installations.
Required Applications, FeesPermits
The Environmental Health Service of the Florida Department of Health (FDOH) in Alachua County is responsible for issuing the necessary applications and permits. Before a permit may be issued, the house or business owner must submit a completed application, as well as a site plan, a building floor plan, and any applicable application costs to the local building department. A site evaluation is also necessary, which analyzes the overall condition of the land, as well as the soil type. Total fees are determined on the kind of septic system installed as well as the services provided by the county health division.
Minimum Tank Size
A minimum 900-gallon capacity is required for all septic tanks in Florida; however, this capacity requirement rises based on the size of the occupancy and whether the system is intended for residential or commercial usage. The specialists at Jones PlumbingSeptic Tank Service can assist you in determining the right tank size that complies with local and state specifications.
Because septic systems are installed underground, it is probable that the existing landscaping will need to be removed and replaced. Our professionals, on the other hand, may propose that the new system be installed in a different place in order to minimize interference with plant and tree roots.
The Florida Department of Health mandates that the following distances be respected in order to prevent groundwater pollution from septic systems:
- If the property is located more than 75 feet from the annual flood line of a permanent, non-tidal surface water body or from the high water line of a tidal body of water, the following restrictions apply: 15 feet from a dry drainage ditch or stormwater retention area
- 10 feet from stormwater pipelines
- At least 200 feet away from public drinkable wells that are already in use for non-residential or residential structures with a total daily sewage discharge of more than 2,000 gallons
- And At least 11 feet away from any water storage tanks that come into touch with potable or groundwater
- A minimum of 15 feet away from a groundwater interceptor drain is required
- Minimum distances between bays, lakes and surface water
- Minimum distances between multi-family wells and/or private potable water wells
- And minimum distances between other wells.
New Home ConstructionSeptic Systems
Construction of new dwellings in rural locations or in any area that is not served by a municipal sewer system necessitates the installation of septic systems. Any system installed as part of a new house building project will have to take into consideration the elements and laws outlined above. In addition to establishing septic systems for countless new houses, Jones PlumbingSeptic Tank Service is happy to assist you through the application and permitting process, in addition to properly installing the system.