The Engineered Option Permit (EOP) is an alternative process for wastewater system approvals implemented in North Carolina on November 1, 2016. The Engineered Option Permit allows you to bypass the local health department which provides more control over your septic system needs from the outset of your project.
- (a) An Engineered Option Permit (EOP) on-site wastewater system, as defined by G.S. 130A-334 (1g), is available to an owner that provides an alternative process for the siting, design, construction, approval, and operation of the system without requiring the direct oversight or approval of the local health department.
What are the 3 types of septic systems?
Types of Septic Systems
- Septic Tank.
- Conventional System.
- Chamber System.
- Drip Distribution System.
- Aerobic Treatment Unit.
- Mound Systems.
- Recirculating Sand Filter System.
- Evapotranspiration System.
What are the 2 types of septic systems?
There are two basic septic system types — conventional and alternative. Site and soil conditions generally determine the type of system that should be installed.
What is an advanced treatment septic system?
Advanced Treatment Units (ATUs), referred here to as an individual residential system, are small biological treatment systems used to treat wastewater to a higher degree than a traditional septic system.
What is the difference between septic tank and aerobic system?
The basic difference between aerobic and anaerobic septic systems is the presence or absence of oxygen. Traditional anaerobic septic systems operate in underground tanks and in the relative absence of oxygen. Aerobic septic systems are thus able to support aerobic forms of bacteria.
What is a Class 5 septic system?
Class 5. A sewage system using a holding tank for the retention of on-site sewage and must be emptied by a licensed sewage hauler. A permit is required to install this type of septic system.
What is the alternative to a septic tank?
Mound systems work well as alternatives to septic tanks when the soil around your home or building is too dense or too shallow or when the water table is too high. Although they are more expensive and require more maintenance than conventional systems, mound systems are a common alternative.
Which type of septic tank is best?
The best choice is a precast concrete septic tank. Precast septic tanks hold many advantages over plastic, steel, or fiberglass tanks. This is why so many cities and towns actually require the use of concrete septic tanks.
Can you have a septic tank without a leach field?
The waste from most septic tanks flows to a soakaway system or a drainage field. If your septic tank doesn’t have a drainage field or soakaway system, the waste water will instead flow through a sealed pipe and empty straight into a ditch or a local water course.
What is the most advanced septic system?
The ATU is arguably the most commonly implemented advanced septic system and it primarily uses oxygen for the advanced treatment of wastewater. By adding oxygen, ATUs break down the organic matter and thereby reduce the nutrient loading and pathogens.
What does it mean if your septic alarm goes off?
It means you have a dangerously high water level or the level is too low. Your septic tank system alarm should have a timer on it. This timer dictates when the pump starts to flow wastewater through your drain field. However, if the system is damaged, then the timer won’t be able to work properly.
How long does an aerobic septic system last?
Longevity. On average, a properly installed and well-maintained septic tank can last up to 40 years. Regular septic tank cleaning and inspection will keep your aerobic system functional for many years. Proper septic system installation is key to ensuring that your septic system lasts long.
How often should I pump my aerobic septic?
How Often Should My Aerobic System Be Pumped? There are many variables that affect how often your system needs to be pumped. This is determined by the usage of your system, and the number of people living in your home, we suggest that your system be pumped every three to five years.
Are aerobic septic systems better?
Aerobic bacteria break down waste solids faster than their anaerobic counterparts. The treated water that flows out of an aerobic septic system is cleaner, making an aerobic system a good choice if your property has a higher water table or other environmental challenges.
What happens if my land doesn’t perk?
Without a successful perc test, there can be no septic permit. Without a septic permit, there can be no septic system. Without a septic system, there can be no dwelling of any kind. If the owner can’t build a dwelling of any kind, the property’s value will diminish substantially.
On-site Septic Systems
septic tank systems are underground wastewater systems that comprise of a settling tank and a drain field. On-site wastewater is defined as wastewater generated on the premises. This system’s primary function is to confine solid waste and sterilize the wastewater produced by a house, company, or other facility, among other things. When it comes to permitting, inspection, and operation of these systems, the Department of Environmental Health has a number of obligations. These are some examples:
- Determining whether or not a property is appropriate for a septic system by evaluating its physical characteristics
- Depending on the results of the lot examination, a permit may be granted or denied. When septic systems are established, they must be thoroughly inspected to guarantee appropriate installation. Taking criticisms from the public into consideration
- And Septic systems that are not operating properly are evaluated and a suitable strategy to fix the system is determined. Inspection and maintenance of big septic systems, including septic systems with pumps, to verify that they are operating properly
|1||An Application for Service is accepted with presentation of a document from the appropriate planning and zoning authority. When an application is made for a septic tank permit(s), a site plan of the property is required. The site plan is a drawing showing the shape and size of the property, the state road number, and the driveway and house (or other buildings) located on the property. This site plan must include setbacks (or distance) from the highway right-of-way and at least one other property line to give a location of where the structure will be placed.|
|2||Fees are assessed and based on requested services.View the current fee schedule. Once fees are paid, the applicant is assigned to an Environmental Health Specialist.|
|3||The Environmental Health Specialist will contact the applicant to schedule an appointment for the evaluation, or the applicant can contact the Environmental Health Specialist. They are in the office between 8:00 a.m. and 9:30 a.m. each morning, Monday through Thursday.|
|4||Before the Department evaluates the property, the applicant should rough-stake the area that needs to be evaluated and stake the location of the structure (house, mobile home, business, etc.).|
|5||An evaluation of the property is made. If the property is found to be suitable for the intended use a permit will be issued.|
|6||Once the applicant has a zoning compliance certificate permit and an Environmental Health permit, he or she may apply for permits at the Inspections Department.|
Repairs Specifically, according to 15A NCAC 18A.1938 (c), the person who owns or controls the system is responsible for assuring compliance with all applicable laws, rules, and permit conditions pertaining to the system’s location and installation as well as its operation, maintenance, monitoring, reporting, and repair. If you are experiencing problems with your septic system, please call us and we will happily analyze the situation to see whether a repair permit is required and create a solution that is acceptable for your situation.
- Permits for Engineered Alternatives 15A NCAC 18A.1971 15A NCAC 18A.1971 On-site wastewater systems are eligible for an Engineered Option Permit (EOP), which is defined by G.S.
- EOP systems are subject to all relevant requirements of Article 11 of Chapter 130A of the General Statutes and all regulations of this Section, with the exception of those specifically provided for in G.S.
- This Rule shall not be construed as granting permission to any professional to perform services for which he or she does not have the necessary educational background, expertise, or license, or which are outside of his or her scope of work as defined by G.S.
- The fee for this permit is $75.00 USD.
- EOP Common Form and Directions
- EOP Directions
- EOP Implementation
- G. S. 130A-336.1
- 15A NCAC 18A.1971
- EOP Common Form and Directions
Review: EOP Septic Permit in Henderson County, NC * Virtual Lab Rats
We’re constructing a modest home and garage on a mountainside that’s rather steep. (There will be more on this in subsequent blogs.) On our journey, we came across North Carolina’s newEOP Septic PermitorEngineered Option Permit for septic systems, which we learned about later.
What is a North Carolina Engineered Option Permit (EOP) for Septic
Until recently, the county building department was the only site where you could obtain a septic system permit. In 2016, the state of North Carolina implemented a private septic permit procedure as an alternative. Engineered Option Permit is the name given to this permit category (EOP). The EOP method fully bypasses the permission of the local county. A licensed North Carolina soil scientist must do the examination and report, and the report must be reviewed by a certified North Carolina civil engineer.
The Civil Engineer is the one who actually grants the septic permission. The EOP is a private process, and the cost is around three to four times higher than the cost of obtaining the identical permission from the building department.
Many advantages of using an EOP for septic
There are several benefits of having an EOP: 1) Placement can be more variable in some cases, which is beneficial in unique settings or applications. Rather of having everything stated by the county inspector, a private engineer may discuss current and future demands, as well as customized location, among other things. 2) An EOP can be given in a short period of time. Despite the fact that we did not require a permit immediately, it appears that the full procedure might be finished and the permission provided within a few weeks from beginning to end.
A lower-cost alternative if you have a standard installation and no time limitations would be to go through the county procedure.
NC Septic Permit County Building Department Approval
The local county building department does not require any approvals other than those required by zoning regulations. In addition to checking for completeness, the county building department also looks for content in EOP submissions. It is acceptable and approved by the county as long as the blanks are completed and the Engineer’s stamp is present.
NC EOP Soil Scientist in Henderson County
Steve Melin was the soil scientist on our team. He met with us on the job site and we discussed the project. Steve visited a few times and did some soil testing before completing his report. It took a few weeks from the time we first met until we got a completed report in our hands. Steve was well-versed in the specific soil types found in our area and was a pleasure to deal with.
NC EOP Civil Engineer in Henderson County
Tyson Griswold worked as our Civil Engineer on this project. He was a pleasure to deal with, and he promptly answered all of our inquiries and communicated well via email. We met Tyson on-site a couple of times throughout the installation of our septic system to check on the progress and completion of the project. Tyson has a thorough understanding of the EOP process.
NC EOP is a multi-step process
The fact that our Soil Scientist and Civil Engineer were hired and compensated separately is noteworthy. Before being directed to Tyson Griswold, we were originally referred to another Civil Engineer who was referred to us. Despite the fact that the other engineer had years of expertise and was familiar with the location, he appeared to be overwhelmed by the amount of work he was assigned. Change your route mid-stream if necessary. If someone consistently fails to meet deadlines that they set for themselves or does not return phone calls after several days or weeks, it is a good idea to seek elsewhere; they have been blessed with a lot of business.
How to start on a NC EOP for your Septic
Make an appointment with Steve Melin and Tyson Griswold now if you want to make the septic permit application process easier in Western North Carolina. We propose that you call the engineer first, and then proceed from there!
NC EOP Contact Information
T. Tyson Griswold, Licensed North Carolina Professional EngineerGriswold EngineeringEnvironmental, PLLC+1-828-393-5820WebsiteSteve Melin, Licensed North Carolina Soil Scientist, is separate from the engineer and can be reached by email.Henderson County Building DepartmentHenderson County Building Department+1-828-393-5820Website
Engineered Option Permits — Engineered Septic, Package Plants, and Effluent Sewer Solutions
The engineered option in North Carolina is a relatively new concept. It is being used to expedite the permitting process in areas that are experiencing long delays from the local environmental health department.If you are a developer or own a property that has been turned down for a septic permit by the local environmental health department, it is worthwhile to consider how the engineered option may work for you.Onsite wastewater rules appear to be fairly straightforward, but different interpretations of rules exist at local environmental health departments.If you are a developer or own a property that has been turned down for a
Engineered Option Permits?
NC is a relatively young state to offer designed solutions. The engineered option is being used to expedite the permitting process in areas where the local environmental health department has been delaying the process for a long period of time.If you are a developer or the owner of a property that has been denied a septic permit by the local environmental health department, it is worthwhile to consider how the engineered option may work for you.Onsite wastewater rules appear to be fairly straightforward, but different interpretations of rules exist at different local environmental health departments.
Engineer Option Permitting and LSS Option Permitting
The Engineered Option Permitting (EOP) process permits a professional engineer certified under Chapter 89C of the General Statutes to design and permit a wastewater system on behalf of a property owner (also known as “engineered option permitting”). Engineers who are licensed to practice in this state are responsible for creating signed and sealed drawings, specifications, plans, and reports for the design, construction, operation, and maintenance of wastewater systems in accordance with the provisions of this section and the rules adopted under it.
Authorized On-Site Wastewater Evaluator (AOWE) Permit Option
Any individual who is licensed as a soil scientist pursuant to Chapter 89F of the General Statutes and further certified under conditions developed and administered by the North Carolina On-Site Wastewater Contractors and Inspectors Certification Board may apply for the designation of Authorized On-Site Wastewater Evaluator. To the extent permitted by 130A-336, the LSS can create signed and sealed soil and site assessments as well as specifications, plans, and reports for the purpose of site planning, building, operation, and maintenance of a wastewater treatment system.
130A-336 shall not perform any of the functions performed by an Authorized On-Site Wastewater Evaluator for engineered wastewater systems.
A Common Form for AOWE Instructions for AOWE Soil Scientist with a valid license (LSS) COVID 19 Permit Option LSS is a type of permit that allows you to drive on the left side of the road.
(a) The evaluation of soil conditions, site characteristics, or geologic and hydrogeologic conditions meets all of the criteria specified in this Article.
(2) The licensed soil scientist or licensed geologist who is conducting the evaluation maintains an errors and omissions liability insurance policy issued by an insurer licensed under Chapter 58 of the General Statutes in an amount commensurate with the risk, which is maintained by an insurer licensed under Chapter 58.
The following are examples of how this legislation is put into practice: If a complete application to the LHD is submitted with an LSS Evaluation, the application will be considered complete.
In line with the provisions of 15A3 NCAC 18A.1940 through.1945, the LSS should analyze any boreholes or pits that are dug.
This determination shall be made on the basis of the applicant’s specification of the system type as stated in and in compliance with Rule.1955,.1956, 1957,.1969, or.1970, and shall be made in conformity with the applicable rule.
It is required that the LSS Evaluation include the results of any special site evaluation, groundwater mounding/hydrologic analysis, and/or nutrient transport modeling investigations that are necessary to support the specific proposal or to justify any proposed site modifications (such as drainage or areal fill) that are required for the particular system type.
Conforming to SL 2018-114, the report is required to provide information on the “soil conditions and site characteristics” in order to “create design and construction features” for the original wastewater system and repair area, in addition to other information.
Using information on soil conditions (documented on the Soil/Situation Evaluation form or equivalent) and site features (documented on the site plan or plat) provided by the LSS, this includes trench (or bed) location, orientation, depth, width, length, and spacing, as well as (if applicable) fill depth, as well as (if applicable) fill depth.
This information must be given, evaluated, and approved prior to the issuing of the IP/CA. This includes artificial drainage, if it is required for the specific system type under consideration.
Soil Scientist – Evaluations, Design and Permitting — MARLIN – Septic Tank Cleaning, Inspection, Installation, and Repair
Private wastewater systems can be evaluated, designed, inspected, and permitted using AOWE Permits, which are issued to professional soil scientists. Due to the fact that the county Environmental Health Departments only have to perform administrative tasks and keep a record of the systems permitted by AOWE Soil Scientists, this turn key option expedites the traditional permitting process significantly. In cooperation with a qualified onsite wastewater contractor, an AOWE permit enables the soil scientist and their team to take care of the soils work, design, installation, and final inspection in accordance with the permission.
Once the system has been built and inspected, our team will supply the local health department with the complete permits and design package, which will be submitted with the local environmental health department after the system has been completed and approved.
Session Law 2019-151, House Bill 268 (2019 Session Law)
how it works:
- In the case of a proposed location, a professional soil scientist assesses the soil conditions and site characteristics. In order to design, construct, operate, and maintain a wastewater system, the licensed soil scientist must prepare signed and sealed drawings, specifications, plans, and reports that are then signed and sealed again. Proof of errors and omissions insurance, as well as general liability insurance, are provided by the LSS and Certified Installer. The LSS presents a design package to the local health department. If the county does not respond within 5 days by signing that they have accepted a complete design package, the client may take an unsigned document package to central permitting in order to obtain a building permit
- The system is installed on the premises by the licensed installer of record, who is under the supervision of the LSS. Following installation and compliance inspection by the LSS or their agent, a copy of the completed documentation is forwarded to the local health authority, who will maintain a copy of the system permit on file for future reference.
The Engineer Option permit was established by 130A-336.1 in 2016 as a substitute for the traditional approval process for wastewater systems. It was formerly necessary to get a septic system permission from either the state or municipal environmental health agencies, which did not provide the engineer option permit. Local health departments were and continue to be challenged to keep up with the demand for new construction and renovations across the state of California. The passage of 130A-336.1 was intended to accelerate and provide an alternative to local health department permitting procedures.
how it works:
- In the case of a proposed location, a professional soil scientist assesses the soil conditions and site characteristics. Engineers are responsible for the preparation of documents such as signed and sealed drawings and specifications, plans and reports for the design, building, operation and maintenance of sewage systems. The L.S.S., the P.E., and the Certified Installer must present proof of errors and omissions insurance as well as general liability coverage. The engineer sends a design package to the local health department for consideration. if the health agency doesn’t answer within 15 days, the project is considered approved. The system is installed on the premises by a qualified installer of record, who works under the supervision of a professional engineer. An engineer or engineer’s representative inspects the system for compliance once it has been installed and a copy of the completed documentation is sent to the local health department, which will maintain a copy of the system permit on file.
Session Law 2018-114 was passed to allow a Licensed Soil Scientist to produce design and construction features for a new proposed wastewater system or a proposed repair project for an existing wastewater system, as part of the state’s ongoing effort to provide private options for septic system permitting in North Carolina. Soil Scientists are now able to analyze your site and submit a design package to the county to acquire a permit for new building or repair. The option of submitting a proposed design to the county for review has always been available to you; however, SL 2018-114 eliminates the requirement for property owners to wait for the health department to conduct another site evaluation before issuing your authorization to construct.
How it works:
- The property owner or developer contacts our team in order to have a Licensed Soil Scientist examine the land in order to determine appropriateness for a new septic system or for septic system rehabilitation
- And In order to receive approval from the local health department, the L.S.S. must present proof of insurance and a design package. The local health agency provides the authorization to develop without having to visit the land
- Installation will be completed in accordance with the design supplied by the L.S.S., with a follow-up call to the local health authority prior to covering the system. The local health department conducts a final inspection to ensure that the L.S.S. design is being followed and then grants the Operation Permit to the company. The system has been protected, and the permitting procedure has been completed.
Alternative wastewater system approvals for non-engineered systems are covered under Section 130A-336.2 (House Bill 268) Permitting. A new section of the code, 130A-336.2, was added in 2019 to serve as an alternate route for wastewater system approvals. In order to provide an alternate choice for permitting systems that did not usually necessitate the use of a professional engineer, it was established that homeowners, installers, builders, and developers were in need of one.
After becoming aware of the difficulties, our state lawmakers approved 130A-336.2 to expedite and give an alternative to local health department permitting.
how it works:
- The soil conditions and site characteristics of the proposed site are evaluated by a qualified soil scientist who has been accredited as an Authorized Onsite Wastewater Evaluator by the NCOWCICB. The L.S.S. is responsible for the preparation of signed and sealed drawings, specifications, plans, and reports for the design, building, operation, and maintenance of the wastewater system. Liability and general liability insurance certificates are provided by the L.S.S. and the Certified Installer of record respectively. Local health officials review the paperwork to ensure that they are complete and then provide their approval for the L.S.S. to move forward with installation
- The system is installed on the premises by a qualified installer of record, who is under the supervision of the L.S.S. A copy of the completed documentation is sent to the local health department, which will maintain a copy of the system permit on file. At that point, the permitting procedure is complete.
There are several private options for permitting available, but the State of North Carolina has delegated authority to Environmental Health Specialists employed by county health departments to evaluate, design, and issue permits for new construction septic systems as well as repairs to existing septic systems. In order to assist you with the applications and the preparation of the site for review by the local health authority, our staff is available to assist you.
How it Works
- The system may be created and reviewed by either a professional soil scientist or an environmental health specialist from the county, depending on your preferences. Our digital document package includes an application for repair as well as the L.S.S. design (if applicable), which we send to you. Once the application has been signed, a copy of it will be sent to Central Permitting in your county automatically. Central Permitting will contact you for payment of the permit application fee (if required) and will assign your property to an environmental health specialist from the county’s environmental health department. A R.E.H.S. will visit your property to analyze and design it, or they will verify the L.S.S. design for compliance. Permit prices vary from county to county. Following the site visit, the county will send you an e-mail including your construction permission permit. The amount of time it takes for the first examination and construction authorization to be completed varies from county to county. j
- Once the construction permit has been granted, our staff will work with you to schedule a day and time for the installation. Before covering the system, our team will work with the county R.E.H.S. to organize a final examination of the system. Following the final inspection, you will be issued an Operation Permit by the local health authority, marking the completion of the permitting procedure.
Permits for Licensed Professionals
Under the supervision of the owner of a proposed wastewater system, a professional engineer is authorized to prepare signed and sealed drawings (specifications), plans (plans), and reports for the design, construction, operation, and maintenance of the wastewater system in accordance with state and local regulations. Environmental Services does not undertake any extra evaluation beyond the initial assessment. In the case of this permit option, the engineer is responsible for any design revisions, adjustments, and inspections related with it.
Licensed Soil Scientist (LSS) COVID-19 Permit Option
Session Law 2020-3, An Act To Provide Aid To North Carolinians In Response To The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Crisis, provides the option for a Licensed Soil Scientist (LSS) to design and submit plans for a septic system that meets all state and local rules with no additional review from Environmental Services. For this permitting option, the LSS is in charge of all site and soil evaluations, system design requirements, and inspections that are involved with this option. This permit option will be available until the first day of August in 2020.