- The process of decommissioning a septic tank starts with applying for a permit from the municipal or the local environment office. The property owner or an enlisted sewer service provider can carry out the application process within 60 days, following connection to a public sewer. Once approved, the decommissioning of the tank may begin.
How do you decommission a septic tank?
Steps involved in decommissioning All effluent and sludge is to be removed from the tank by an approved contractor. The tank, leach drains or soak wells must be completely emptied. 2. After pump out/cleanout, the tank is to be treated with Ag lime or hydrated lime to disinfect the tank.
How long do fiberglass septic tanks last?
Fiberglass Septic Tank Cost Depending on the construction methods, the condition of the soil, and the materials used while manufacturing, a fiberglass tank can last as long as twenty to thirty years.
What can I use to break down my septic tank?
Hydrogen Peroxide This used to be a common recommendation to help break down the solids in your septic tank. It takes some time to be sure it’s properly diluted to use.
How much does a fiberglass septic tank weigh?
You can expect an average septic tank weight to be about 273 pounds (124 kg) for plastic tanks, 395 lbs (179 kg) for fiberglass tanks, and about 10,218 lbs (4,635 kg) for concrete tanks.
Should old septic tanks be removed?
It is important to properly abandon un-used septic tanks, cesspools, or drywells. If an old septic tank, cesspool, or drywell is simply “left alone” there may be very serious cave-in or fall-in safety hazards.
Can you build over an abandoned leach field?
Overall, it is not recommended to build over your leach filed and you should also not put anything heavy on top of it, such as parking a vehicle.
Which is better concrete or fiberglass septic tank?
While concrete is known for its durability, fiberglass septic tanks are even more durable. Once buried, fiberglass tanks become completely inert. Unlike concrete, it won’t degrade, rust, or weaken. Fiberglass septic tanks also require less maintenance than concrete septic tanks do.
Does bleach harm septic systems?
You might consider bleach to be a great cleaner to use for your septic system. Unfortunately, that mindset is a dangerous one to have because it’s usually recommended to avoid using bleach in your septic system. The chemicals within bleach can kill the bacteria that your septic tank relies on.
What is a fiberglass septic tank?
An Above Ground Fiberglass Septic Tank is a reliable way to store waste or grey water liquids, without the risk of rusting, breaking down, or corrosion of the tank. The fiberglass featured on these tanks gives them a powerful exterior that is equipped to handle oustide elements like sunlight and rain.
What eats waste in septic tank?
Large colonies of bacteria and enzymes in your septic tank keep the tank from backing up or overfilling. Enzymes go to work on the scum, and bacteria goes to work on the sludge. The microbes eat the waste and convert large portions of it into liquids and gases.
Do solids break down in a septic tank?
Solution for a clogged septic system The solids settle to the bottom, where microorganisms decompose them. The scum, composed of waste that’s lighter than water, floats on top. The middle layer of effluent exits the tank and travels through underground perforated pipes into the drainage field.
How do you dissolve sludge in a septic tank?
One is to inject air into the tank to try and mix the contents and break down the solids. The more common method is to use a mechanical mixer that acts somewhat like a baking mixer where the contents are mixed until they form a slurry that can be withdrawn by the vacuum pump.
How much does an empty septic truck weigh?
With a 1,900-gallon tank, a septic truck will weigh in at around 28,000 pounds when completely filled. It is important to know what the exact specifications are for the septic truck you purchase. Generally, you will find most tanks on a septic truck range between a 1,500 to 2,500-gallon capacity.
How much does a 1500 gallon plastic septic tank weigh?
The shipping weight of our 1500 gallon tanks is approximately 12,500 lbs., but weight varies slightly with precast manufacturers depending on the dimensions, wall thickness, floor & top thickness, & rebar reinforcement.
What Happens During the Decommissioning of a Septic Tank?
When it comes to houses, companies, and small villages that are located outside of areas covered by municipal sewer systems, installing a septic system is always a good alternative. The private septic system, on the other hand, must be decommissioned as soon as a public sewer connection is made accessible to the property. Local governments are required by law to link property owners to bigger, public sewage systems in order to facilitate garbage handling on a greater scale. After that, decommissioning should be completed within 60 days of the connection to the main sewage system.
So What is Decommissioning?
Decommissioning is simply the process of putting a septic system out of service by rendering it inoperable or ineffective. In this case, a qualified sewer service provider is responsible for the safe disposal of disused or abandoned septic tanks, soak wells, and drain fields. In order to return the land to surface grade, the contractor must pump out the septic tank and fill it with compacted sand, concrete, or gravel.
Reasons for Decommissioning a Septic Tank
Noteworthy is that septic tanks are decommissioned only for the purpose of ensuring public safety and health. In the long run, corrosion can cause an abandoned septic system to become unstable and collapse, resulting in the tank’s walls becoming weak. The instability might cause the system to collapse, resulting in property damage, bodily harm, or even death. Furthermore, most septic tanks contain hazardous, poisonous gases that may be harmful to your health as well as the environment if not properly maintained.
The decommissioning of a septic tank is therefore not only sensible, but also obligatory for the reasons stated above.
Septic Tank Decommissioning Process
It is necessary to obtain a permit from your municipality or the local environment office before you can begin the process of decommissioning a septic tank. Following the installation of a public sewage line, the property owner or an enrolled sewer service provider can complete the application procedure within 60 days of the connection. The tank’s decommissioning may begin as soon as it has been approved.
Steps for Removing an Abandoned Septic Tank
The sewage tank must be located– Locating the septic tank is not as simple as you may expect it to be. Consequently, you will need to hire a sewer professional to assist you in tracking down the tank. The aseptic tank contractor should be equipped with all of the essential equipment to expedite the procedure. For the most part, the tank should be located around your front yard, ten feet straight away from the main draining point. Power should be turned off at the source of the septic system — After locating the system, the septic service provider should get entry to the tank and turn off all electrical controls and tank attachments that may no longer be in use.
- Pump out the tank– After that, the septic pumping contractor must pump out any remaining sludge or liquid before breaking open the tank bottom in order to avoid the vessel from becoming a water storage reservoir.
- Remove the extension manway as well as the tank cover and crush it if necessary.
- If you look at it from a monetary standpoint, filling the tank is far less expensive than totally emptying it, because the latter requires the use of power equipment.
- Additionally, the area should be compacted in order to minimize sinking of the soil.
- Inspect and grade the area– The last phase is correctly grading the area and installing a vegetative cover in order to complete the project.
Before documenting the decommissioning process, the septic contractor should check the area to confirm that all permit criteria have been satisfied by the septic contractor.
Contact All Septic and Sewer Today if You Have a Septic System That Needs Decommissioning
The procedure of decommissioning a septic tank is not something that should be attempted on your own; rather, it should be left to a professional sewage service company. Because we have over 20 years of expertise under our belt, All SepticSeweris the best option for decommissioning your septic tank in the most safe and secure manner possible. We also have all of the required skills and equipment to locate, examine, access, pump, and remove an abandoned septic tank from your property. Contact us today to learn more.
How to Safely Dispose of a Septic Tank
Have you ever found yourself in the position of having to dispose of a septic tank? Possibly, you want to connect your plumbing to the city’s main sewer system. You may have recently purchased a property that has an old, unused septic tank that has to be removed and disposed of. Whatever the situation, it is critical to properly dispose of the old septic tank in order to avoid property damage, injuries, and even death.
Why is it important to safely remove a septic tank?
- A septic tank that has been abandoned might constitute a threat to persons and animals who are in the vicinity. Older sewage tanks may not be recorded, even though septic tanks installed nowadays are routinely documented. For this reason, if you are the new owner of an older property, you should consult with an expert to determine whether any tanks have been left on the property. Septic tanks degrade with time, and they can become a source of possible cave-ins when the materials used in their construction decay. Its construction is generally made of steel or concrete, and the contents of the tank might be poisonous, making it a potentially hazardous situation. Children who are curious about the septic tank may come upon a cover that has been wrongly closed and fall into it. It will be a selling feature for those who may later be interested in purchasing the property if the old septic tank is properly disposed of.
Permits or Inspections
Be careful to check with your local authorities about any permissions or inspections that may be required before beginning the removal procedure. They may also have particular regulations for how your tank should be disposed of or what material should be utilized to replace your tank. Because septic tanks are underground and “out of sight, out of mind,” some communities take the time to map out where they are in case they need to be found again.
Disposing of your septic tank
You will need to have your septic tank emptied of of its contents prior to the actual removal of the tank. To securely dispose of the contents of your septic tank, contact a professional septic tank business. Keep in mind that septic tank waste is extremely hazardous, and you should avoid attempting to remove it yourself. Immediately following the pumping of the tank, it will need to be evacuated in such a way that it does not create a huge hole that might cause the tank to collapse. The material of the tank, as well as the planned usage of the ground above the tank, are factors in determining where the tank should be disposed of.
Steel tanks are typically crushed and the resulting hole is filled with a filler material such as earth or gravel.
Following that, the tanks are filled with soil and gravel.
Inspect the earth under the surface to make sure there are no air pockets left that might cause the ground to sink.
As soon as you realize you need to dispose of a septic tank, call an experienced business that will guide you through the procedure step-by-step. The correct disposal of your septic tank helps keep you and others who live on your land safe.
HOW TO SAFELY ABANDON AN OLD SEPTIC TANK ON YOUR PROPERTY
If you’ve recently purchased an older house, it’s possible that a septic tank is located on the property. This is true even if your home is currently linked to the municipal water and sewer systems. A prior owner may have abandoned the ancient septic system and connected to the city sewage system when it became accessible at some time in the past. Despite the fact that there are standards in place today for properly leaving a septic tank, it was typical practice years ago to just leave the tanks in place and forget about them.
- The old tank may either be demolished or filled with water to solve the problem.
- It is possible that permits and inspections will be required.
- They are dangerous because curious children may pry open the lid and fall into the container.
- Falls into a septic tank can be lethal owing to the toxicity of the contents and the fact that concrete can collapse on top of you while falling into a tank.
- Eventually, this approach was phased out due to the fact that the steel would corrode and leave the tank susceptible to collapse.
- When it comes to ancient septic tanks, they are similar to little caves with a lid that might collapse at any time.
- The old tank is crushed and buried, or it is removed from the site.
If it is built of steel, it will very certainly be crushed and buried in its current location.
After that, the tank can be completely filled with sand, gravel, or any other form of rubble and buried.
Tanks can either be entirely dismantled or destroyed and buried in their original location.
The abandonment has been documented and plotted on a map.
It’s possible that you’ll forget about the tank once it’s been abandoned.
As a result, you might wish to sketch a map of the area where the old tank used to stand.
If you can demonstrate that an old septic tank was properly decommissioned, you may be able to increase the value of your property, and the new owners will enjoy knowing that large chunks of concrete are buried underground before they start digging in the yard to put something in it.
It may take some detective work to discover about the history of your land and what may be lying beneath the surface of the earth.
Upon discovering an old septic tank on your property that is no longer in service, contact Total Enviro Services for propertank abandonment procedures that meet with local standards and protect your family, pets, and farm animals from harm or death.
How Your Septic System Works
Underground wastewater treatment facilities, known as septic systems, are often employed in rural regions where there are no centralized sewage lines. They clean wastewater from residential plumbing, such as that produced by bathrooms, kitchen drains, and laundry, by combining natural processes with well-established technology. A conventional septic system is comprised of two components: a septic tank and a drainfield, often known as a soil absorption field. It is the septic tank’s job to decompose organic matter and to remove floatable stuff (such as oils and grease) and solids from wastewater.
Alternate treatment systems rely on pumps or gravity to assist septic tank effluent in trickling through a variety of media such as sand, organic matter (e.g., peat and sawdust), constructed wetlands, or other media to remove or neutralize pollutants such as pathogens that cause disease, nitrogen, phosphorus, and other contaminants.
Specifically, this is how a typical conventional septic system works:
- All of the water that leaves your home drains down a single main drainage pipe and into a septic tank. An underground, water-tight container, often composed of concrete, fiberglass, or polyethylene, serves as a septic system’s holding tank. Its function is to retain wastewater for a long enough period of time to allow particles to sink to the bottom and form sludge, while oil and grease float to the surface and produce scum. Sludge and scum are prevented from exiting the tank and moving into the drainfield region by compartments and a T-shaped outlet. After that, the liquid wastewater (effluent) exits the tank and flows into the drainfield. The drainfield is a shallow, covered hole dug in unsaturated soil that serves as a drainage system. Porous surfaces are used to release pretreated wastewater because they allow the wastewater to pass through the soil and into the groundwater. In the process of percolating through the soil, wastewater is accepted, treated, and dispersed by the soil, finally discharging into groundwater. Finally, if the drainfield becomes overburdened with too much liquid, it can flood, causing sewage to flow to the ground surface or resulting in toilet backups and sink backups. Finally, wastewater percolates into the soil, where it is naturally removed of harmful coliform bacteria, viruses, and nutrients. Coliform bacteria are a kind of bacteria that may be found in the intestines of humans and other warm-blooded animals, with humans being the most common host. As a result of human fecal contamination, it is a sign of this.
The Guadalupe-Blanco River Authority has built an animated, interactive model of how a residential septic system works, which you can view here.
Do you have a septic system?
It’s possible that you’re already aware that you have a septic system. If you are not sure, here are some tell-tale symptoms that you most likely are:
- You make use of well water. In your home, the water pipe that brings water into the house does not have a meter. In the case of a water bill or a property tax bill, you will see “$0.00 Sewer Amount Charged.” It is possible that your neighbors have a septic system
How to find your septic system
You can locate your septic system once you have confirmed that you have one by following these steps:
- Taking a look at the “as constructed” drawing of your house
- Making a visual inspection of your yard for lids and manhole covers
- Getting in touch with a septic system service provider for assistance in locating it
Failure symptoms: Mind the signs!
A bad odor is not necessarily the first indicator of a septic system that is failing to work properly. Any of the following signs should prompt you to seek expert assistance:
- Water backing up into the drains of homes and businesses
- It is especially noticeable in dry weather that the drainfield grass is bright green and spongy. The presence of standing water or muddy soil near your septic system or in your basement
- A strong stench emanating from the area surrounding the septic tank and drainfield
Septic Decommissioning Permits in Multnomah County
When a septic tank, cesspool, or seepage pit is no longer in operation, you must get a decommissioning permission from the local government. A copy of this document will serve as an official record of the system’s location, materials, and deactivation. Additionally, a decommissioning permit is necessary in the event that a septic system has been decommissioned without a permission and that future development is contemplated (review the list below). The present yard will have to be excavated as part of the decommissioning process.
Decommissioning permit application and important information
We would like to emphasize that septic decommissioning is not essential for a real estate transaction. Building demolition, building permits, land divisions, property line adjustments, and abatement of a property nuisance caused by a collapsed or open septic feature are all instances in which septic decommissioning permits are required. They may also be required as part of building demolition, building permits, land division, and property line adjustments. If you have a septic system, cesspool, or seepage pit (septic system), you must get a septic decommissioning permission if any of the following conditions exist:
- A property is connected to a public sanitary sewer system, and the active septic system is removed from operation
- The source of the sewage is permanently removed from the land. For example, dismantling a structure that was formerly supplied by a septic system
- There is a proposal for new development within 10 feet of an abandoned septic system. Prior to the approval of a land division on a property with an abandoned septic system, the following steps must be taken: Prior to the approval of a property line modification that will result in an abandoned septic system being placed on a different lot than the structure it serviced or within five feet of a proposed property line, the following requirements must be met: A septic system sink hole must be filled in order to prevent flooding. To have a septic decommissioning permit on file in Multnomah County, the final inspection approval of a City of Portland septic decommissioning permit is necessary.
Apply for a septic decommissioning permit
Please fill out the information in the left-hand column of the Septic Evaluation Application, which includes the following:
- Detailed job site and location information
- Property owner information
- Project/system description
- And applicant information
- Check the Decommissioning box in the upper right corner.
In order to submit your application, you are not need to submit a building permit or engineer’s drawings. You may send us your completed application by emailing it to us. The decommissioning permission will be issued within 1-2 business days after receiving the application. We’ll get in touch with the applicant to provide instructions on how to pay the application cost with a credit card. After payment has been received, the decommissioning permission will be granted.
Who can do the work
A variety of firms, including excavation companies, sanitary sewer contractors, specialist home sales businesses, and septic professionals, are qualified to execute septic decommissioning work on a residential or commercial property. Homeowners and others may also be able to assist with the decommissioning process. A decommissioning permit does not need the possession of a trade license.
Get ready for septic decommissioning permit inspections
Visualize a straight line going from the main plumbing vent stack (typically 4 inches in diameter) through the roof and into the external foundation, continuing from the stack through the foundation. Then, by excavating along the 4-6 inch diameter sanitary pipe that is departing the building, you will be able to reach the pipe’s terminus, which will be either at the cesspool/septic tank or the property line.
Search historic plumbing records for septic system locations
On Portland Maps, you might be able to locate information indicating the locations of septic systems. To begin your search, enter the address of a location. Under the “Permits and Zoning” section, choose Permits from the drop-down menu. Here you will be able to access any historical plumbing records that are available.
- Construction method: The majority of initial cesspools were built directly in line with the main plumbing vent stack, which could be seen from the roof, and 10-15 feet away from the building foundation. Repair and replacement: The majority of repair and replacement cesspools are typically positioned 10 feet straight out from the original cesspool or offset at a 45-degree angle (see illustration).
Step 2 Excavate and remove the top of the cesspool
Construction method: The majority of initial cesspools were built directly in line with the main plumbing vent stack, which could be seen from the roof, and 10-15 feet away from the building foundation; Most replacement cesspools are typically situated 10 feet straight out from the original cesspool or at a 45-degree angle from the original cesspool (see diagram).
Step 3 Pump out any sewage
If there is any remaining solid or liquid sanitary waste in the cesspool, it must be pumped out by a DEQ pumper who is properly licensed. If a cesspool has been neglected for a number of years, it is likely to be completely dry. Pumping and a pump receipt are not necessary if a cesspool is completely dry. If pumping is required, a copy of the pump receipt will be required for inspection approval before the inspection can be completed.
Step 4 Backfill
In order to backfill the cesspool, use clean crushed rock or gravel that is less than 3/4 inch in size, or use masonry or playground sand, or concrete slurry. It is not permissible to employ native silty or clay soils, trash, or waste. Leave the top 12-18 inches of the cesspool lining exposed, as well as the pipe that enters the cesspool. The inspector will record the kind of plumbing and cesspool construction, such as brick, concrete ring, or unlined soil, in his or her report. If certain elements are not visible during the inspection, you may be needed to remove fill material.
It is possible that the fill will need to be deposited as structural fill with compaction testing by an engineer or testing firm if a new foundation will be installed within 10 feet of the onsite septic system. For more information, please see your engineer or building inspector.
The septic tank may be found by exposing the sanitary pipe that runs from the building to the point where it terminates, which is either at the septic tank or at the property line. The diameter of the sanitary pipes is usually between 4-6 inches. It is possible for septic tanks to have a riser that extends to the ground surface. Many historic homes were built with their septic tanks just above the main plumbing vent stack on the roof and 5-20 feet out from the foundation on one or both sides of the structure.
Step 2 Pump out any sewage if applicable
If there is any remaining solid or liquid waste in the tank, it must be pumped out by a DEQ pumper who is properly licensed. DEQ Link is an acronym for Department of Environmental Quality. Septic tanks are often required to be pumped and are very rarely completely dry. Please preserve a copy of the pump receipt for your records. It is necessary prior to the approval of the inspection.
Step 3 Remove or decommission in-place
It may be feasible to decommission a septic tank that is already in existence by filling the septic tank through an existing riser opening. In some cases, it may be necessary to break open the top of the septic tank in order to fill it. Drainage should be ensured by breaking up, punching, or drilling holes in the bottom of the tank. Backfill the tank with minus 34 inches of material or slurry. Tank construction and depth below grade must be documented, and the top of the tank must be visible during the inspection in order for the tank to pass inspection.
if you are removing a septic tank prior to inspection, please ensure that the tank is left on site for inspection or that images of the empty septic tank are supplied demonstrating the tank before removal.
For more information, please see your engineer or building inspector.
Schedule a septic decommissioning permit inspection, get inspection results and make corrections
To arrange a septic decommissioning inspection, use the Requests for Inspection phone line, which is an automated system. For the inspection, you’ll need your IVR number as well as the three-digit code. Septic decommissioning has the IVR code 842 assigned to it. Calls will be made between the hours of 7 and 9 a.m. on the day of inspection by our inspection crew. We’ll check to see that the site is accessible and that the work is ready for inspection before moving further. We’ll also schedule a time for you to come in for an inspection.
They will examine the uncovered septic feature location(s), pipe type(s), and measurements, and compare them to the information included in the permit records accessible to them.
If a septic feature could not be identified, excavation attempts will be evaluated and documented in the same way as before. Keep all excavation activities accessible for inspection at all times. The pump receipt will be collected by the inspector in order to verify the removal of septage. Also:
- The inspection report will include a list of corrections if a pump receipt is not available at the time of the inspection or if other corrections are required. If a pump receipt is not available at the time of the inspection or if other corrections are required, a list of the corrections will be documented on the inspection report. The findings of the inspection will be available on Portland Maps permit/case search the following day. Learn more about why work is not permitted and how to request a re-inspection by visiting our website. An additional fee may be charged if the inspector needs to return to the location three or more times to complete the inspection. The charge must be paid before the inspection permission may be granted. The cesspool or septic tank can be covered as soon as the inspection is completed and authorized.
Contact septic inspectors
Calling Onsite Septic PermitsInspections between the hours of 7 a.m. and 9 a.m. on business days will connect you with an inspector who will answer your questions concerning septic inspections.
Everything You Need To Know About Your Septic System
Florida people rely on roughly 2.6 million septic systems to dispose of waste and wastewater on a daily basis, accounting for 30% of the state’s population. Homes and businesses in rural regions rely on these systems to dispose of garbage in an efficient and environmentally friendly manner.
What Are Septic Tanks Made From?
Septic tanks are a waterproof box composed of concrete, fiberglass, or polyethylene material that is used to dispose of sewage. In other words, there will be no debris, dirt, or water from the surrounding ground that may get into the tank. Septic tanks made of concrete and/or fiberglass are the most common types.
Common Styles Of Septic Tanks
ATUs treat and filter waste by separating it into three compartments: a garbage compartment, an aeration chamber, and a clarification compartment. An aerobic, or thoroughly oxygenated, environment is created in the effluent by forcing compressed air through it. Because the bacteria thrive in this environment, waste decomposes more quickly than it would in a conventional septic tank. This helps to limit the quantity of organic material that enters the soil and groundwater around the house.
When it comes to treating and filtering waste, ATUs are divided into three compartments: a garbage compartment, an aeration chamber, and a clarifying chamber. Compressed air is pumped into the effluent, resulting in an aerobic, or well-oxygenated, environment for microbial growth to take place. The fact that bacteria thrive in this environment means that trash decomposes more quickly than it would in a conventional septic system. This helps to limit the quantity of organic debris that enters the soil and groundwater around the home.
The quantity of wastewater that flows from the septic tank is controlled by a pump tank. Pump tank level increases as effluent accumulates in the tank and eventually reaches the level set by a control float. As soon as the float is activated, the pump starts pumping effluent into the drain field in a predefined volume.
In lieu of septic tanks, holding tanks can be used to collect and store waste. They are either above or below ground and require constant pumping to remove the contents of their holding tanks. The majority of holding tanks are equipped with an alarm that sounds when the tank is full.
A single compartment tank was utilized in the majority of septic systems constructed before to 1976. These tanks could hold up to 1,000 gallons of liquid at a time. After entering the tank and separating into three levels, liquid waste is discharged into the septic drain field via the outflow line.
What Is FOG?
Fats, oils, and grease (also known as FOG) are frequent cooking byproducts that occur naturally in a wide variety of foods and other items.
While FOG is viscous when it first enters the septic tank, it cools swiftly as it comes into contact with the wastewater in the tank. However, because of its viscosity, FOG coats and covers every surface it comes into contact with when it solidifies.
How A Septic Tank Works
Fatty acids, oils, and grease (also known as FOG) are frequent byproducts of cooking and may be found in naturally occurring quantities in a wide variety of foods and other items. While FOG is often viscous when it first enters the septic tank, it cools fast as it comes into contact with wastewater throughout the treatment process. However, because of its viscosity, FOG coats and covers whatever surface it comes into contact with during the solidification process.
What Are Septic Tank Solids?
Fats, oils, and grease (also known as FOG) are frequent byproducts of cooking and may be found in naturally occurring quantities in a wide variety of foods and other items. While FOG is viscous when it first enters the septic tank, it cools swiftly when it comes into contact with the wastewater. However, because of its viscosity, FOG coats and covers any surface as it solidifies.
- Fats, oils, and grease (also known as FOG) are frequent byproducts of cooking and may be found in a variety of foods and other items in their natural state. While FOG is often viscous when it enters the septic tank, it cools swiftly when it comes into contact with wastewater. However, because of the viscosity, FOG coats and covers any surface as it solidifies.
Septic System Drain Fields
Fats, oils, and grease (also known as FOG) are frequent cooking byproducts that occur naturally in a wide variety of foods and other items. While FOG is viscous when it first enters the septic tank, it cools swiftly as it comes into contact with the wastewater in the tank. However, because of its viscosity, FOG coats and covers every surface it comes into contact with when it solidifies.
- Soil type
- Seasonal variations in groundwater level
- Amount of water absorbed each day
- And soil percolation rate are all factors to consider.
The soil percolation rate is defined as the amount of water that the soil can absorb in one minute per inch of soil thickness. A significant consideration in determining the site of a septic drain field in Florida is the percolation rate, which is crucial because the state has a high water table.
How A Drain Field Works
An underground network of perforated pipes may be found in this location, which can be found in either several trenches or a gravel-lined soil bed. Drainage from the pipes filters through the gravel and dirt before entering the sewer system. Compaction of the soil has a significant impact on its function, which is why it is critical not to construct structures on it or drive or park vehicles of any size over it.
Why Is A Drain Field Important?
Natural filtration is provided for effluent, which is recycled back into the groundwater source. It is possible that biological and chemical pollutants may infiltrate the water and create health problems for anybody who consumed or came into touch with the water without this filtering system in place.
How To Find Your Septic TankSeptic Drain Field
The location of the septic system will be shown on the majority of property plans and surveys. Possibly handed to you after the sale of your house or company, these documents are also maintained on file at the county government office. The septic tank is often built along the sewage line that leads away from the house or other structure. When this line is many inches in diameter, it means that it is located at the lowest level of your home, such as a basement or crawl space. Stick a metal probe every two feet along the sewage line as it exits the house, following it all the way out to the street.
Locate the borders of the septic tank lid with the probe – typically tanks are 5 feet by 8 feet in size, so this may take some time.
Beginning at the far border of the tank and extending up to 100 feet out from the tank, a drain field is created. As soon as you discover a discrepancy between the system location and previously prepared diagrams or maps, make sure to update these materials and retain a duplicate for your records.
The Septic Tank Pumping Process
In order to prepare for extraction, the floating scum layer is first broken up by alternately sucking out liquid from the tank and pumping it back in to break up the bottom solid layer. Pumping is accomplished through the two access ports, which are referred to as manholes. The tank should never be pumped through the inspection apertures on the baffle wall. This can not only cause damage to the baffles, but it can also result in insufficient waste removal from the tank. Until the septic tank is completely depleted, industrial vacuums are used to remove waste from the tank and into our tanker truck.
How Often A Septic Tank Should Be Pumped?
In most cases, every three to five years is sufficient. However, depending on the size of your septic tank and the amount of sediments and wastewater you produce on a daily basis, you may need to contact a septic tank pumping firm such as Jones PlumbingSeptic Tank Service sooner rather than later.
What To Expect During A Septic Tank Pumping
Before starting the pumping process, it is necessary to measure the thickness of the scum and sludge. This information is important in determining the pace at which waste accumulates and in determining when the next pumping should be scheduled. The pumping process is monitored closely by our personnel, who are actively monitoring for any possible system problems, such as backflow from the outflow pipe. Backflow that is significant typically indicates a backup in the drainfield, whereas slight backflow indicates a weaker outflow line in most cases.
Septic Tank Cleaning
Septic tank cleaning and septic tank pumping are not the same thing, despite the fact that many people use the phrases interchangeably. Pumping just removes liquid and uncompressed materials; cleaning, on the other hand, eliminates any leftover solids before washing the interior of the tank with soap and water. Following the removal of the liquid layer from the tank, our professionals employ pressured jets of water to break up any residual particles in the tank. Solids are removed from the tank with the use of an industrial-grade vacuum and a connected hose before the inside of the tank is washed.
This can result in the formation of sinkholes or the breakdown of the entire system.
How Often Should A Septic Tank Be Cleaned?
With every septic tank pump out, there is a new beginning. Keep in mind that the frequency with which the tank is pumped is determined by the number of people who are using the system and the volume of wastewater created on a daily basis. You may work with an aseptic tank pumping firm, such as Jones PlumbingSeptic Tank Service, to establish a regular pumping and cleaning program for your tank.
How To Keep A Septic Tank In Good Condition Between Cleanings
The most effective strategy to ensure that your septic tank remains in good working order for many years is to be informed of what can and cannot be put into the system.
Don’t DisposeFlush Items At-Will
In order to degrade materials that enter the tank, a septic system relies on bacteria that are found in nature. Although it is a mutually beneficial connection, it is susceptible to being pushed out of balance depending on the materials that are disposed of. Fat, oil, and grease (FOG); chemicals, paints, fuels, and/or motor oils; disposable diapers, sanitary, and personal hygiene products; coffee grounds; egg and nut shells; and disposable diapers, sanitary, and personal hygiene products are all common household items that should never be flushed down the toilet.
Schedule Annual Inspections
Home and business owners may do an outside inspection of their septic system on their own. However, only a professional and skilled septic tank firm, such as Jones PlumbingSeptic Tank Service, should check the tank and its interior components. Because of the formation of toxic vapors and gases within the sewage treatment plant, it is dangerous to work near one without the proper safety equipment and training. Look for areas of unusually tall grass, sewage odors or smells, and unexplained standing water as you walk around the area where the septic tank is situated.
PumpClean The Tank As Necessary
Skipping regular septic tank services is a surefire way to end yourself in a situation that might have been avoided. Performing routine pumping and cleaning allows our personnel to check the overall health of the system and correct any issues that may arise before they become a major concern.
Keep Records Of Septic LocationService
It is essential to understand the location of the entire system in order to properly maintain it. Parking or driving cars over any portion of the septic system should be avoided at all costs. The weight of vehicles can cause the system to collapse. When this occurs, the only option for repair is a complete replacement. It is also recommended by Jones PlumbingSeptic Tank Service that you preserve records of when the system was examined, pumped, and cleaned for your own records and in case you decide to sell your home in the future.
The volume of water entering a septic system has a greater influence on the health of the system than the amount of solids created by the system. The greater the volume of water that flows through the drain field, the shorter the functional lifespan of the drain field and the overall system. An excessive amount of water flow impairs effective separation of particles inside the tank, increasing the likelihood of clogged intake and outflow pipes, which can result in sewage backups in the tank.
Septic Tank Repair In Gainesville, FL
More so than the quantity of particles created, the volume of water that enters a septic system has a greater influence on the system’s health. A drain field’s functional lifespan and overall system lifespan are reduced according to the amount of water flowing through it.
An excessive amount of water flow impairs effective separation of particles inside the tank, increasing the likelihood of clogged intake and outflow pipes, which can result in sewage backups in the surrounding area.
Aggressive Tree Roots
Tree roots are well-known for generating problems with septic tanks and systems. Many species of tree roots are stronger than septic tanks, and they can cause leaks and other structural damage by cracking the pipes and tank.
Common Septic Tank Repairs
There are a variety of reasons why the pipes might fail, including compacted and/or moving soil. Once the pipes burst, they must be fixed as soon as possible to avoid significant drainage problems. When it comes to reaching and repairing the pipes, excavation of the area is frequently necessary.
The baffles of a septic tank are responsible for keeping sediments contained within the tank. Rust or contact with sulfuric acid are the most common causes of damage. It is quite beneficial to have an annual septic check performed in order to see if there are any difficulties with the baffles before a problem occurs.
How To Prevent A Septic Tank Failure
The fact is that septic systems are not foolproof and that they benefit immensely from routine maintenance and upkeep. The majority of failures may be avoided by paying attention to what goes into the plumbing and septic lines.
Only Flush Toilet Paper
As a rule, toilet paper degrades and disintegrates more quickly than other types of paper goods. Particularly problematic are paper towels and wet wipes, which are two of the most prevalent causes of septic tank clogging and premature tank cleanouts.
Never Pour FOG Down The Drain
FOG is extremely harmful to all plumbing systems, including the septic system. FOG, when it is in liquid form, readily flows into the septic tank and collects in the top scum layer of the tank. This may not appear to be a problem, but the mixture has the potential to run into the drain field, where it might cause contamination concerns with groundwater and the surrounding soil if allowed to do so.
Regular Drain Cleaning
The numerous commercial drain cleaners available may temporarily unclog a clogged drain and associated plumbing, but they do so at the expense of the septic system’s ability to function properly. They include chemicals that swiftly eliminate the bacteria that are important for the decomposition of particles within the septic tank once they are applied. The layer of solids accumulates quickly — and needlessly — on the surface of the water. As an alternative, call a plumber to do expert drain cleaning.
How To Tell When You Need A New Septic System
A septic system may last anywhere from 20 to 40 years if it is maintained properly and repaired when needed on time. However, if you detect any of these frequent indicators of a failing septic system, it’s time to call Jones PlumbingSeptic Tank Service to have a new septic system installed in your home or commercial property. The following are common indicators that the present system should be replaced:
- Sinks and toilets that take a long time to drain
- Plumbing that is always backed up
- Sewage odors in the company, house, or yard
- Patchy mushy, swampy, or damp areas of the yard Gray water that has accumulated
- And grass that has grown more swiftly and is a darker shade of green
What To Know Before A Septic Tank Is Installed
In order to prevent the contamination of water sources and the creation of public health hazards that can result from incorrectly designed septic systems, the state of Florida and local municipalities have established rules and regulations to guide new septic system installations.
Required Applications, FeesPermits
The Environmental Health Service of the Florida Department of Health (FDOH) in Alachua County is responsible for issuing the necessary applications and permits. Before a permit may be issued, the house or business owner must submit a completed application, as well as a site plan, a building floor plan, and any applicable application costs to the local building department. A site evaluation is also necessary, which analyzes the overall condition of the land, as well as the soil type. Total fees are determined on the kind of septic system installed as well as the services provided by the county health division.
Minimum Tank Size
A minimum 900-gallon capacity is required for all septic tanks in Florida; however, this capacity requirement rises based on the size of the occupancy and whether the system is intended for residential or commercial usage. The specialists at Jones PlumbingSeptic Tank Service can assist you in determining the right tank size that complies with local and state specifications.
Because septic systems are installed underground, it is probable that the existing landscaping will need to be removed and replaced. Our professionals, on the other hand, may propose that the new system be installed in a different place in order to minimize interference with plant and tree roots. The Florida Department of Health mandates that the following distances be respected in order to prevent groundwater pollution from septic systems:
- If the property is located more than 75 feet from the annual flood line of a permanent, non-tidal surface water body or from the high water line of a tidal body of water, the following restrictions apply: 15 feet from a dry drainage ditch or stormwater retention area
- 10 feet from stormwater pipelines
- At least 200 feet away from public drinkable wells that are already in use for non-residential or residential structures with a total daily sewage discharge of more than 2,000 gallons
- And At least 11 feet away from any water storage tanks that come into touch with potable or groundwater
- A minimum of 15 feet away from a groundwater interceptor drain is required
- Minimum distances between bays, lakes and surface water
- Minimum distances between multi-family wells and/or private potable water wells
- And minimum distances between other wells.
New Home ConstructionSeptic Systems
Construction of new dwellings in rural locations or in any area that is not served by a municipal sewer system necessitates the installation of septic systems. Any system installed as part of a new house building project will have to take into consideration the elements and laws outlined above. In addition to establishing septic systems for countless new houses, Jones PlumbingSeptic Tank Service is happy to assist you through the application and permitting process, in addition to properly installing the system.
Septic tank cleaning and pumping – Canadian septic owners guideline 2021
A septic tank cleaning involves pumping your tank to ensure that it is thoroughly emptied of all solid and liquid contents. Cleaning your septic tank on a regular basis can assist to prevent excess scum and sludge collection, which will allow for more space for decantation to take place. Aside from that, it helps to eliminate inorganic waste that is unable to be decomposed by bacteria. In Canada, it is essential to clean your septic tank every two to three years, according to the legislation.
Due to the fact that septic tanks emit poisonous gases that are hazardous to human health, it is best to leave the cleaning of septic tanks to competent septic firms.
What are septic services?
For the time being, let us define what septic services are before getting into the specifics of septic tank cleaning.
Septic services are the services that are given by septic firms to people who have septic systems. These services are as follows:
- Septic tank installation, Septic tank repair, Septic tank cleaning, and Septic tank maintenance are all available services.
The following services are available: septic tank installation, septic tank repair, sewer tank cleaning, and sewer tank maintenance
Do septic tanks need to be cleaned out?
In Canada, it is essential to clean your septic tank every two to three years, according to the legislation. If you put off septic tank cleaning for an extended period of time, the septic system may collapse, resulting in a clog in the system’s drainage system. If your drainfield becomes clogged, it may begin to leak, causing pollution in the surrounding area. In most cases, biological additives can be used to correct the problem. However, the government has legislation against septic systems that pollute the environment, and if an inspector finds that your system is polluting the environment, they may recommend that you install a new system, which will cost you anywhere from $10,000 to $30,000 depending on the type of septic system you use.
How often should you have your septic tank pumped?
It is recommended that you clean your septic tank every 2-5 years, depending on the number of bedrooms in your home and the requirements of your local authorities and laws. Pumping periods are varied in each province in Canada, and they should be followed accordingly. According to the timetable listed in the table below, each province has its own schedule.
|Province||Recommended Septic tank pumping frequency|
|Nova Scotia||3-5 years|
|New Brunswick||2-3 years|
|British Columbia||3-5 years|
|Prince Edward Island||3 years|
|Newfoundland and Labrador||2-4 years|
The government is quite concerned with ensuring that septic systems do not harm the environment. In order to prevent this from happening, the government has established legislative restrictions on the pumping durations stated above. The government governs this in three major ways: first, via taxation; second, through regulation; and third, through regulation.
- Whenever the required pumping period expires or is reached, the municipality pumps out the tanks. The individual is needed to pump and then submit documentation of pumping, such as a receipt or an invoice, to the municipality when necessary. An inspector will come to your location on a regular basis and evaluate the sludge and scum levels to determine whether or not your tank was pumped on time.
Water running back into the tank from the drainfield during or after pumping indicates that the drainfield is clogged, and the pumping business should be notified immediately. To fix the problem in this situation, you could consider using a shock therapy. Otherwise, the tank may get completely refilled in a relatively short period of time.
What are the signs that your septic tank is full/due for pumping?
You should be aware of certain critical signals that indicate when it is time to pump your septic tank as a septic system owner. Here are some of the most crucial warning indicators to keep an eye out for. The clock has struck three o’clock– this is not necessarily a portent, but it is worth noting anyway. You should consider having your septic system cleaned every three to five years if you haven’t had it pumped in the previous three to five years. Pumping the tank every few years guarantees that the tank does not become overflowing, since if it does, it may begin backing up or leaking, resulting in contamination of the environment and the surrounding area.
- This will assist you in determining whether or not your septic system is truly full.
- Blocked drain field– a clogged drain field can be caused by a septic tank that is overflowing.
- These include: Slow drains, tiny pools of water in your lawn, foul aromas, high nitrate concentrations in drinking water, and grass that grows greener around the drainfield region than in other parts of your land are all signs of a clogged drainfield on your property.
- A backup can also occur when there is an excessive amount of scum in the tank, which causes the entrance line to get clogged.
- Pollution of the environment– Almost every septic system is overworked as a result of routine use – especially when the majority of homes use compounds that are harmful to microorganisms.
Breakdown to do so may result in the failure of the system as a result. A faulty system will not only poison groundwater, but it will also pollute the surrounding ecosystem. Replacement of a septic system that is creating contamination in the environment is required under the law.
How to clean a septic tank
Pumping your septic tank should only be done by professionals who have been properly registered and licensed. Because septic tanks generate potentially harmful gases, it is best to leave tank cleaning to the professionals. The first step in cleaning a septic tank is determining where the septic tank is located. If you are unsure of the location of your septic tank, the pumping contractor will find it for you. It shouldn’t be too difficult to locate a septic tank life, though. If the septic tank lids are not visible in your yard, here are some ideas that might assist you in locating the tank.
Locate the septic tank
- Septic tanks are typically located away from the foundation of the house, but close to where the plumbing exits the house
- You can also locate the tank using a probe bar, though this should be avoided if your tank is made of polyethylene or fiberglass
- You can also use a probe bar to locate the tank
- Local authorities can also provide you with on-site sewage plans for your home if you request them. They will almost always have these on hand, and these drawings will show you exactly where your septic tank is located on your property.
The actual cleaning of the septic tank will begin when the location of the tank has been determined. In order to guarantee that the septic tank is completely cleaned, it is necessary to ensure that all of the liquids and solids are removed from it. The septic tank cleaning firm will have to make certain that the sludge and scum layers are dissolved and combined with the liquid in order to ensure that the solids are evacuated. In order to do this, they will begin by pumping some of the liquid out of the tank and then pouring it directly back into the tank at the bottom.
Also possible is the employment of the hose to probe and break down the solid layers into tiny particles.
Look for potential issues
It will be necessary to locate and clean the septic tank before any cleaning can be done. In order to guarantee that the septic tank is completely cleaned, it is necessary to empty it of all liquids and solids. The septic tank cleaning firm will need to make certain that the sludge and scum layers are dissolved and combined with the liquid in order to ensure that the solids are evacuated. In order to do this, they will begin by pumping some of the liquid out of the tank and then pouring it back into the tank from the bottom.
As well as probing and breaking up solid layers into tiny particles, a hose might be employed.
- If there are any traces of effluent on the land, particularly near the septic tank and drain field, the property should be evacuated. Symptoms of high liquid levels just before pumping, as well as any previous signs of high liquid levels. High liquid levels might signal that there has been a backup from the drain field. As soon as the tank is pumped, there is a backflow of liquids from the leach field back into the tank. Depending on the circumstances, this might indicate that the drain field has failed. Abnormally low liquid levels – If the liquid levels in the septic tank are abnormally low after years of typical usage, it might signal that there is a tank leak. As the septic tank is being drained out, some groundwater is being drawn into it.
Taking note of the items listed above is extremely essential because it will allow you to determine how healthy your septic system is and whether or not you need to begin thinking about septic system repair. It is important to reinstall the manhole cover cautiously once it has been completely cleaned. Any small spillages that may have occurred during the pumping process should be cleaned up with water; however, significant spillages should be disinfected, removed, and buried as soon as possible after occurring.
Which methods are used to clean a septic tank?
When it comes to cleaning septic tanks, there are two basic procedures that contractors employ: total emptying and selective emptying.
- Complete emptying refers to the process in which the contractor totally removes all of the contents of the septic tank from the property. The trash is subsequently transported by the contractor to a septic sludge treatment facility that has been designated. It is not suggested that septic tanks be completely emptied. After pumping the tank, it is beneficial to leave a few inches of sludge at the bottom of the tank to aid in the re-institution of bacterial activity. However, there are several circumstances in which total emptying may be the best option. Holding tanks and cesspools are examples of this. Selective emptying: As the name implies, the purpose of selective emptying is to ensure that the tank is not totally depleted of all of its contents. Different contractors employ a variety of approaches to do this. Some people use a pump to remove everything from the tank and then return some of the liquid back into the tank. In order to guarantee that they only pump backwater with a residual suspended matter concentration of less than 350 mg/l, the pumped liquid is first filtered. Using a selective emptying method is considered a more environmentally friendly method of pumping the tank since it recycles part of the bacteria straight back into the tank, allowing the septic system to continue to function properly even after it has been pumped.
Where does the septic waste go after a tank cleaning?
Pumped septic waste should be disposed of at public septage disposal facilities. Septic firms often obtain approval from these institutions in advance of performing their services. If septic sludge is mistakenly dumped on an illegal location, the septic business is responsible for notifying the local environmental health authority as soon as possible. Septic spills of around 15 gallons in volume should not be removed by the septic firm without first informing the local environmental health office, according to EPA guidelines.
This is due to the possibility that hazardous elements will interfere with the wastewater treatment operations.
What options do I have if I can’t get a pumping truck to my septic tank location?
When it comes to garbage disposal, islanders face a set of issues that are specific to them. Aside from the difficulties associated with the installation of a septic system, there is also the matter of how to pump it. Septic firms on the Vancouver and Montreal Islands, as well as on other significant Canadian islands, provide a full range of septic services, ranging from septic tank installation through septic tank pumping. The smaller islands, on the other hand, do not have this choice. The health department has a barge that travels around these little islands, pumping the septic tanks as necessary.
Having a cottage in the woods limits the number of things you can do with it.
You may improve the efficiency of the system even further by employing shock treatment and upkeep solutions, such as those provided by Bio-Sol.
Is it possible to have a septic tank pumped during winter?
It is feasible to pump your tank throughout the winter, but the process is typically more difficult and expensive. There is minimal relationship between the difficulty of pumping septic tanks in the winter and the pumping equipment. The most difficult part of the process is generally getting access to your land and getting to the septic tank after the truck has finally arrived on your property. It is possible that shoveling may be necessary if there is an excessive amount of snow, which would further complicate the operation.
- Here are two more septic issues that have been identified throughout the winter months.
- Due to the excellent insulation provided by snow in normal conditions, the cold temperatures have little effect on the septic tank’s performance.
- It is possible that your tank will freeze as a result of this.
- Frozen tank components– Frozen tank components slow down the metabolic rates of anaerobic bacteria, which implies that the bacteria will not be able to fully decompose the waste in the system.
- Water that passes through the plumping in minute droplets has a high likelihood of forming ice in the pipework.
- Despite how tempting it may seem, do not pour antifreeze into the system since doing so would actually damage it by killing the beneficial bacteria.
Particularly important if you discover that your tank is nearly full or if your tank has not been pumped in the last 3-5 years.
How much does it cost to pump a septic tank?
The amount of money you spend on pumping your septic tank will be determined mostly by the size of the septic tank. Pumping a 1200-1500 gallon tank will typically cost between C$200 and C$400, depending on the size of the tank. Prices, on the other hand, might rise even higher than this, depending on a variety of factors. Consider the following scenario: If your system requires pumping during the winter, you will be required to pay more than you would otherwise be required to pay during the warmer months.
Some companies utilize a fixed-price contract structure, while others charge on an hourly basis.
You may make an educated guess about how much it will cost to have the tank pumped based on the hourly rate offered by the contractor.
Does the size of the tank matter when pumping it?
In most cases, the amount of wastewater transported to your tank from your home, the statutory restrictions for your region, and the size of the tank are the primary drivers of how frequently your tank has to be pumped. Tanks of various sizes require different amounts of pumping. Generally speaking, the smaller the tank, the more times it will need to be pumped. However, in most circumstances, the size of the tank does not matter because every province in Canada has a specified pumping period that must be followed (refer to the table above).
How biological additives optimize the tank and facilitate pumping
Chemical additives can be used to revitalize and accelerate the development of bacteria in septic tanks, which can help them last longer. Septic system health is greatly influenced by the presence of these microorganisms. For begin, they contribute to the acceleration of the pace at which organic waste decomposes. In this way, you may prevent the septic tank from becoming overflowing too rapidly. The use of additives also aids in the easier pumping of the septic tank, which is beneficial. It will be easier to pump the tank since the organic waste will have been liquefied by bacterial activities, which will make the operation cleaner.
Unfortunately, the vast majority of people who possess septic systems do so unknowingly, and the poisonous substances they use end up in the septic tank.
Chemically modified enzymes and bacteria are used to create Bio-biological Sol’s additives, which inject billions of bacteria into the septic tank.
You should examine your tank periodically and also get it pumped as is advised by the provincial rules to guarantee it does not fail. If a septic tank fails, it will begin to leak, and any leaks will damage the surrounding environment. The legislation is quite stringent in this regard, and you will be required to replace a septic system that has failed to the point that it is poisoning the environment.
As a result, it is in your best interests to ensure that you are aware of the suggested pumping schedule. Provincial legislative requirements, as stated above, define the timetable for the events listed.