# How Much Leech Line For 500 Gallon Septic Tank? (Best solution)

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• There are 6 ½ sq. ft. (2 ½ + 1 ½ + 2 ½) of leaching area per lineal feet of trench: 6.5 sq. ft. per lineal ft. X 50 ft. = 325 sq. ft.

## How many feet of leach line do I need?

REQUIRED SEPTIC TANK SIZE IN GAL. * A minimum of 150 square feet of trench bottom area is required. ** # gal X soil type multiplier 100 4.285 Note: Maximum length of any leach line is 100 feet. If more than 100 feet is required, then a distribution box with multiple lines will be needed.

## How much field line do I need for a septic tank?

A typical septic drainfield trench is 18 to 30 inches in depth, with a maximum soil cover over the disposal field of 36″; or per the USDA, 2 feet to 5 feet in depth.

## How big is a 3 bedroom leach field?

For example, the minimum required for a three bedroom house with a mid range percolation rate of 25 minutes per inch is 750 square feet.

## How deep is a septic leach field?

A typical septic drain field (see Figure 1), also known as a leach field, is a series of perforated pipes that are set in trenches and buried with aggregates (½- to 2½-inch gravel or ½- to 4-inch rubber chips) and soil. These drain lines are at a minimum depth of 6 inches and are typically 18 to 36 inches wide.

## Can a leach field be too deep?

Drain Field Depth The result is a drain field about 3 to 4 feet deep. Sometimes, however, a drain field may need to be a bit shallower and can result in drain pipes as close to the surface as 6 inches. Underground obstacles can cause this situation.

## How long should a leach field last?

Under normal conditions and good care, a leach-field will last for 50 years or more. Concrete septic tanks are sturdy and reliable but not indestructible. The biggest risk is exposing the concrete to acidic substances. Bacteria breaking down solid waste produces hydrogen sulfide gas.

## How far should leach field be from house?

Local codes and regulations that stipulate the distance of the septic tank from the house vary depending on the locale, but the typical minimum distance is 10 feet.

## What is a leach line for a septic tank?

A leach line is an underground pipe with small holes in it that allow the wastewater to leave the pipe and enter the soil. As the treated water enters the drain field, the soil acts as a filter, further cleaning the wastewater. Keep these out of your septic tank: • drain cleaners.

## What is the slope for septic lines?

A typical septic tank has a 4-inch inlet located at the top. The pipe that connects to it must maintain a 1/4-inch-per-foot slope toward it from the house. This means that for every 10 feet of distance between the tank and the house, the inlet must be 2 1/2 inches below the point at which the pipe exits the house.

## Is a 500 gallon septic tank big enough?

The minimum tank size for a three bedroom house is 1200 gallons. 500 or 750 gallon tanks used to be quite common in old houses, but they are not large enough for modern households, and are from a time without automatic washers, large spa tub, dishwashers, or multiple daily showers.

## Can you have a septic tank without a leach field?

The waste from most septic tanks flows to a soakaway system or a drainage field. If your septic tank doesn’t have a drainage field or soakaway system, the waste water will instead flow through a sealed pipe and empty straight into a ditch or a local water course.

## Does a leach field need to be level?

The water level should always be at the level of the drain line connecting the septic tank to the leaching field. If the water level is higher than the drain line, it means that the leaching field cannot hold any more water and it is backing up into the septic tank.

## Can you put anything on a leach field?

To maintain the integrity and longevity of your drainfield, you should never put anything heavy on top of any part of it. The drainfield may sit in an ideal spot for a new shed or patio, but you should avoid building anything that can weigh down on the sensitive drainfield structure.

## How deep should septic pipe be buried?

On average, trenches should be around 12-24 inches-deep, and wide enough to house your pipe comfortably before filling it in with soil and sod.

## How far from a septic tank is the distribution box?

The D-box is normally not very deep, often between 6″ and two feet to the top of the box. You may also see a pattern of parallel depressions, typically about 5 feet apart, that mark the individual drainfield leach lines. The D-box will at or near end of the drainfield area that is closest to the septic tank.

## Drainfield Size & Design

• The percolation rate of a soil is an essential soil feature that measures how long it takes water to descend one inch in a saturated hole drilled in the ground.
• In sandy soil, 1 inch can be achieved in 3 minutes
• In clay soil, 1 inch may be achieved in 48 minutes.
• If it takes less than 5 minutes for water to drop 1 inch in a saturated hole, the effluent will flow too quickly for it to be adequately treated, as is the case with sandy soil. If it takes more than 60 minutes for the water to drop one inch, the effluent will not be able to travel as quickly as it should, and effluent may rise to the top of the water table. This is something that may happen in clay soil.

### Drainfield Size

• According to the number of bedrooms and soil qualities, the drainfield is measured in square feet, and its size is reported in square feet. It has been determined by the Nebraska Department of Environmental Quality (NDEQ) how many square feet of drainfield trench will be required. Title 124 of the North Dakota Department of Environmental Quality (NDEQ) contains the design, operation, and maintenance requirements for on-site wastewater treatment systems
• The table below is an excerpt from that title. A three-bedroom house with a mid-range percolation rate of 25 minutes per inch, for example, requires a minimum of 750 square feet of space to function properly.

### Square Feet of Drain Field Trench Required for Single Family Dwelling

 Number of Bedrooms Perc Rate in Minutes Per Inch 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 200 gpd 300 gpd 400 gpd 500 gpd 600 gpd 700 gpd 800 gpd 900 gpd 1000 gpd

5Systems must be constructed with a 12 inch loamy sand liner that has a percolation rate of 15 to 20 minutes per inch and should be developed at a percolation rate of 11-20 minutes per inch, with a percolation rate of 15 to 20 minutes per inch.

 5-10 11-20 21-30 31-40 41-50 51-60 165 330 495 660 825 990 1155 1320 1485 210 420 630 840 1050 1260 1470 1680 1890 250 500 750 1000 1250 1500 1750 2000 2250 275 550 825 1100 1375 1650 1925 2200 2475 330 660 990 1320 1650 1980 2310 2640 2970 350 700 1050 1400 1750 2100 2450 2800 3150

60Systems must be developed by a licensed professional engineer or architect. A building permit is required. 017.02 In order to determine the needed square footage for enterprises, the following equation should be used: The daily design flow divided by the number of hours in the day (Five divided by the square root of the percolation rate). 017.03 In order to calculate the absorption area for a bed, first determine the needed square footage for a trench and then multiply the required square footage by the factor from Table 14.2.

## Learn how much it costs to Install a Septic Tank.

Septic tanks range in price from \$3,178 to \$10,491, with an average cost of \$6,807 per tank. Installation of a conventional 1,000-gallon tank for a three-bedroom home might cost anywhere from \$2,100 and \$5,000. Materials range in price from \$600 to \$2,500, without labor. A comprehensive septic system, which includes a leach field (also known as a drain field), tank, and plumbing, can cost between \$10,000 and \$25,000 to install. A leach field installation might cost anywhere from \$5,000 to \$20,000, depending on the kind.

In the end, the cost of installing a septic tank is determined by the kind of system, the materials used, and the size of the tank.

This course will teach you about the several sorts of settings, such as conventional, drip irrigation, mound irrigation, evapotranspiration, recirculating sand, constructed wetland, and chambered irrigation.

## Septic System Cost Estimator

Let’s run some numbers to see what the costs are. What part of the world are you in? What part of the world are you in?

 National Average \$6,807 Typical Range \$3,178 – \$10,491 Low End – High End \$450 – \$21,000

The cost information in this report is based on 949 HomeAdvisor members’ real project expenses.

## New Septic System Cost

Most tanks and systems cost between \$2,000 and \$10,000 to install a new typical anaerobic septic system. Aerobic systems range in price from \$8,000 to \$20,000. Depending on the size of your property, the composition of the soil, and the level of the water table, you may even have to pay an extra \$10,000 or more for an alternative, specialized drain or leach field. Septic systems are composed of three major components:

• Septic tank: Either anaerobic (requiring no oxygen) or aerobic (requiring oxygen but more complicated but more efficient)
• Water runs to a leach field after it has been cleaned and separated in the septic tank, where it will naturally drain through sand, gravel, and soil in a cleaning process before reaching the water table
• Water table: Plumbing: A drainpipe to the tank, followed by another branching pipe to your field will be required.

Optional components include the following:

• Some types of systems use a dose or pump tank, which pumps wastewater up into mounded or elevated leach fields and recycles the water in some cases. Pump for aeration: If your aquarium is equipped with an aerobic system, you’ll want an aerator to force oxygen into the tank.
##### Find Local Septic Tank Installers

The installation of a traditional anaerobic system typically costs between \$3,000 and \$8,000 on average. Anaerobic systems are often less expensive to build than aerobic systems, which are more complicated. However, because they are less effective at cleaning the tank, you will need a bigger leach field to accommodate the increased burden. An anaerobic septic system is a very basic system that consists of a pipe that runs from the home to the tank and a branching pipe that runs from the tank to the drain field, among other components.

Rather than using oxygen to break down waste in the tank, these systems rely on the presence of anaerobic bacteria (bacteria that do not require oxygen) to break down waste in the tank before additional bacterial processing in the soil.

### Aerobic Septic System Cost

Aerobic systems, which are those that require oxygen to work properly, cost on average between \$10,000 and \$20,000 per system. If you’re moving from anaerobic to aerobic fermentation, you’ll almost certainly need a second tank, but the conversion will only cost you \$5,000 to \$10,000. Aerobic systems break down waste more effectively in the tank than anaerobic systems, allowing you to use a smaller drain field in many cases – which is ideal for houses with limited space. An aerobic wastewater system is a wastewater system that depends on aerobic bacteria (bacteria that thrive in the presence of oxygen) to break down trash in the tank.

You’ll need an aerator as well as an electrical circuit that connects to the system to complete the setup.

##### Get Quotes From Local Septic Tank Pros

Beyond the tank and leach field, there will be a few more costs to consider when creating your budget for the project. You may already have some of these costs included in your total project pricing, so make sure to get line-item prices on your estimate.

• Excavation costs \$1,200–\$4,500
• Building permits cost \$400–\$2,000
• And a perc test costs \$700–\$1,300. Labor costs range from \$1,500 to \$4,000
• The cost of septic tank material ranges between \$500 and \$2,000.
• Plastic and polymer materials cost \$500–\$2,500
• Concrete costs \$700–\$2,000
• And fiberglass costs \$1,200–\$2,000.
• 500: \$500–\$900
• 750: \$700–\$1,200
• 1,000: \$900–\$1,500
• 1,200: \$1,200–\$1,600
• 1,500: \$1,500–\$2,500
• 2,000: \$3,000–\$4,000
• 3,000: \$4,500–\$6,000
• 5,000+: \$7,500–\$14,000
• 500: \$500–\$900
• 1,200: \$1,200–\$1,

### Leach Field Cost

Installing a leach or drain field, which is a component of your septic system, can cost anywhere from \$3,000 to \$15,000 in total. The cost of a typical drain field ranges from \$2,000 to \$10,000. The drain field, also known as the leach field, is the component of the septic system that is responsible for returning wastewater to the soil. Most of the time, a flooded area in the yard or a strong stink of sewage on the property is the first symptom of a problem with the drainfield. It is possible that you may require further treatment for blocked or flooded fields, which would increase the cost of the drain field repair from \$10,000 to \$50,000.

## Alternative Septic Systems Cost

When you have a tiny property, a high water table, high bedrock, poor soil, or just wish to utilize less space, an alternate septic system is a good choice.

### Mound Septic System Cost

Installing a mound septic system can cost between \$10,000 and \$20,000 dollars. In places with high water tables, thin soil depths, or shallow bedrock, this is the most costly system to build; yet, it is frequently required. In order to create a drain field, it uses a raised mound of sand rather than digging into the soil. Its extra cost is a result of both the additional technology required to pump sewage upward into the mound and the materials and labor required to construct the mound in the first place.

### Recirculating Sand Filter Septic System Cost

Sand filter septic systems range in price from \$7,500 to \$18,500. They can be built above or below ground depending on the situation. In order to disperse the wastewater in the ground, they employ a pump chamber to force the wastewater through a sand filter.

The liner of the filter box is normally made of PVC. This is accomplished by pumping the effluent through the sand and returning it to the pump tank, where it is then disseminated throughout the ground.

### Drip Septic System Cost

Drip systems range in price from \$8,000 to \$18,000, depending on the size and complexity. They operate in the same way as previous systems, with the exception that they employ extensive drip tubing and a dosage mechanism. They deliver lower dosages over a shorter period of time, which is particularly effective at shallow soil depths. This method is more expensive than a standard system since it requires a dosage tank, a pump, and electrical power to operate.

### Evapotranspiration System

Evapotranspiration systems range in price from \$10,000 to \$15,000 per system. In order to allow the liquid to evaporate from the top of an open-air tank, they employ a novel drain field configuration. They’re only usable in dry, arid areas with little rain or snow, thus they’re not recommended.

### Built Wetland System

Built-in wetland systems range in price from \$8,000 to \$15,000, with the cost increasing if an aerobic tank is included. They are designed to simulate the natural cleaning process observed in wetland ecosystems. After traveling through a wetland tank, where it is treated by microorganisms, plants, and bacteria, it is returned to the soil. The waste also has the effect of assisting the growth of wetland plants and the population of microbes.

### Chambered System

Installation of chambered systems ranges from \$5,000 to \$12,000 dollars. They employ plastic perforated chambers surrounding pipes, which are frequently laid in sand, to keep them cool. Gravel is no longer required as a result of this. They are quick and simple to install, but they are more subject to crushing pressures, such as those caused by automobiles.

## Septic Tank Replacement Cost

Replacing a septic tank costs\$3,000 to \$10,000. You can expect your system to last anywhere from30 to 40 years. When the system begins to fail it may crack or corrode, causing the waste to leach into the groundwater. When this occurs, the well water may become contaminated, the yard may become swampy, and the septic system may become inoperable or fail completely. Here’s a breakdown of the various components of a septic tank, along with an estimate of their average costs: Septic Tank Pump Replacement:\$800–\$1,400 Baffle replacement costs between \$300 and \$500.

Replacement of a tank lid costs between \$30 and \$70.

## Septic System Maintenance Costs

It is essential that you pump and clean your septic tank at least once a year. In addition, you should get it examined at least once every three years. The proper maintenance of your septic tank will save you money in the long term, and it will also help you avoid potentially hazardous situations. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) suggests the following steps to keep your septic system in good working order:

### Inspect and Pump Your Septic Frequently

Typically, the cost of septic tank pumping runs from \$300 to \$550, or around \$0.30 per gallon – most septic tanks have capacities between 600 and 2,000 gallons. Every three to five years, you should have your septic tank inspected and pumped by a professional. If you have a bigger home (with more than three bedrooms) and you tend to use a lot of water, you should try to get it pumped at least once every three years. An checkup of a septic system might cost anything from \$100 to \$900.

Your septic inspector will do a visual inspection of the system. If you want a camera check of the lines, it will cost an additional \$250 to \$900, but it is only essential if your drains are running slowly and you are unable to detect the problem.

• Initial inspection costs between \$250 and \$500
• Annual inspection costs between \$100 and \$150
• And camera inspection costs between \$250 and \$900.

### Use Household Water Efficiently

A toilet that leaks or runs continuously might waste as much as 200 gallons of water per day, although the average family consumes just 70 gallons of water. Take, for example, high-efficiency toilets, which consume 1.6 gallons or less of water every flush or less. The use of new, high-efficiency washing machines and showerheads can also help to reduce water waste, which will relieve the load on your septic system.

### Properly Dispose of Your Waste

Your septic system is responsible for disposing of everything that goes down your drains and toilets. One easy rule of thumb is to never flush anything down the toilet other than human waste and toilet paper, unless it is absolutely necessary. That implies you should never flush the following items down the toilet or drop them down the sink drain:

• Cooking grease or oil, baby wipes or wet wipes, dental floss, diapers, feminine hygiene products, cigarettes, cat litter, and paper towels are all examples of items that fall into this category.

The drainfield of your septic system is a component of the system that eliminates waste from the septic’s liquid. You should take steps to keep it in good condition, such as:

• Never park or drive your vehicle on your drainfield. Don’t ever put trees near your drainage system. Maintaining a safe distance between your drainfield and roof drains, sump pumps, and other drainage equipment
##### Get in Touch With Septic Tank Installers Near You

A septic tank or septic pump tank can range in price from \$350 to \$14,000, depending on the material used and the size of the tank. In most home situations, you won’t have to spend more than \$3,000 on the tank’s actual construction. The majority of big, high-priced units are intended for use in apartment buildings or as part of a communal sewage system.

### Concrete Septic Tank Cost

Concrete tanks range in price from \$700 to \$2,000. The total cost of installation ranges from \$2,300 to \$6,500. They’re one of the most often seen forms of installation. Despite the fact that they are vulnerable to cracking and separation, they are often resilient for several decades. It’s critical to have it carefully inspected on a regular basis for cracks and runoff, among other things. Inspections and frequent cleanings will assist to extend its useful life. Your professional can tell you how frequently you should get it inspected, but it’s normally every one to three years.

### Plastic and Poly Septic Tank Prices

Septic tanks made of plastic range in price from \$500 to \$2,500 on average, not counting installation costs. Plastic is a long-lasting, lightweight, and reasonably priced building material. They do not break as easily as concrete and do not rust. Because of their small weight, plastics are more susceptible to harm during the installation process.

### Fiberglass Septic Tank Prices

Fiberglass septic tanks are typically priced between \$1,200 and \$2,000, not including installation. Fiberglass does not split or rust readily, but it is prone to damage during the installation process, much like plastic. However, because of its lighter weight, it is more prone to structural damage, and the tanks themselves can move in the soil.

### Steel

It’s unlikely that you’ll ever see a new steel tank constructed. They will rust or corrode with time, no matter how well-made they are at the time. As a result, they are not permitted by many municipal construction rules, and you will only encounter them in existing installations. Steel is not a long-lasting material in the earth, and it is the least preferred.

### Labor Costs to Install a Septic System

The cost of labor accounts for 50 percent to 70 percent of your overall expenses.

Labor is typically more expensive than the tank itself in a normal installation, making it the most expensive option. For example, while the size required for a 3 to 4-bedroom home may cost between \$600 and \$1,100, the labor to install it might cost anywhere between \$1,500 and \$4,000.

##### Compare Quotes From Local Pros

Here is a breakdown of how much septic tanks cost in different parts of the country. Massachusetts:\$9,700 California:\$4,500 Florida:\$5,300 Texas:\$8,000 \$5,600 in New York City Colorado:\$7,800 Idaho:\$10,000

## DIY vs. Hire a Septic System Pro

The installation of a septic system is a time-consuming operation. An incorrectly fitted unit can result in water contamination, structural damage to the property, and the need for costly repairs. In addition, an unpermitted installation might make it harder to sell and insure a property when it is completed. Make a point of interviewing at least three pros before making a final decision. Contact a septic tank installation in your area now for a free quote on your job.

## FAQs

A septic tank has an average lifespan of 20 to 30 years, however it may live anywhere from 14 to 40 years, depending on the following factors:

• What it is made of is a mystery. Concrete tends to require more care, but commercial-grade fiberglass and plastic are known to survive for decades in most environments. It’s amazing how well you’ve kept it up. Every one to three years, have your system inspected and pumped out
• Every three to five years, have it pumped out. It will depend on whether or not it gets vehicle traffic over the leach field. Driving over the leach field compresses it, which increases the likelihood of it failing. The soil’s chemical makeup is important. The length of time it may endure varies depending on the soil type and depth.

### What are the signs I need a new septic tank?

There are a few indicators that it is time to replace your septic tank. These are some examples: If you smell sewage, you may have a solid waste problem in your septic tank that has to be dealt with immediately. Standing water: If there is no clear explanation for standing water, such as a significant rainstorm, it is possible that you have an oversaturated drain field, a damaged pipe, or a faulty septic system. A clogged septic tank will cause pipes to drain more slowly than they would otherwise be.

Construction on your home or the addition of more occupants will have an impact on your septic system.

pollution of nearby water: A septic tank leak can result in wastewater contamination, which can deposit nitrate, nitrite, or coliform bacteria in water sources around your property as a result of the leak.

Old age: If your septic system has reached the end of its useful life, it is time to replace it.

### Does homeowners insurance cover septic systems?

Many unforeseen and abrupt repairs to septic tanks are covered by homeowners’ insurance policies. They do not, however, often cover harm caused by a failure to perform routine maintenance. Make certain that you are pumping and cleaning it on a yearly basis.

### How much do septic system repairs cost?

Repairing a septic system can cost anything from \$600 to \$3,000. Most tank repairs and replacement parts cost less than \$1500 for each type of repair or replacement part mentioned below. Leach fields range in price from \$2,000 to \$20,000.

• Tank Pumps cost between \$800 and \$1,500. A septic tank that is placed below the drain field may necessitate the installation of a pump to transport wastewater to the drain field. Pumping costs between \$300 and \$600 per year. Pumping is required to remove solid waste from even a perfectly functioning system every two or three years, even if it is in good working order. Tank Lids cost between \$100 and \$300 to purchase and install. If you purchase the lid and attach it yourself, it will cost you between \$50 and \$150
• Tank Lid Risers range in price from \$300 to \$1,000. Deeply submerged tanks can have their lids raised to the surface by using these devices.
##### Still Have Questions About Septic Tanks?

This Article Discusses Septic Tanks are a type of septic tank that is used to dispose of waste. Field Sizing and System MaintenanceProblems with the Leach FieldSystem Performance Questions and comments are welcome. See Also: Septic System Frequently Asked Questions Articles on SEPTIC SYSTEM may be found here. In locations where there are no municipal sewage systems, each residence is responsible for treating its own sewage on its own property, which is known as a “on-site sewage disposal system,” or septic system, more popularly.

One of the most commonly seen types of leach field is composed of a series of perforated distribution pipes, each of which is placed in a gravel-filled absorption trench.

It’s possible that a small number of homes will be sharing a bigger communal septic system that will function in a similar manner as a single-family system.

## SEPTIC TANK

The wastewater is collected in the septic tank once it has been discharged from the residence. Septic tanks are normally between 1,000 and 2,000 gallons in capacity and are composed of concrete, strong plastic, or metal, depending on the model. Highly durable concrete tanks, which should endure for 40 years or more provided they are not damaged, are the most common. Many contemporary tanks are designed with two chambers in order to maximize efficiency. Household wastewater is collected in the septic tank, where it is separated and begins to degrade before being discharged into the leach field.

1. In the tank, oil and grease float to the top of the tank, where they are known as scum, while solid waste falls to the bottom, where they are known as sludge.
2. Bacteria and other microorganisms feed on the sediments at the bottom of the tank, causing them to decompose in an anaerobic (without oxygen) process that begins at the bottom of the tank.
3. Solids and grease must be pushed out of the system on a regular basis in order for it to continue to function effectively.
4. Each gallon added to the tank results in one gallon being discharged to the leach field, leach pit, or other similar treatment facility.
See also:  How To Design And Size Septic Tank And Drainfield? (Solved)

## Leach Field

Septic tanks collect wastewater after it has been discharged from the residence. Most septic tanks are built of concrete, thick plastic, or metal, with a capacity ranging from 1,000 to 2,000 gallons. Highly durable concrete tanks, which should endure for 40 years or longer provided they are not damaged, are the most common. Many contemporary tanks are designed with two chambers in order to maximize their efficiency. In the septic tank, wastewater from the residence is collected and separated before being discharged into the leach field, where it is broken down further.

1. During the tank’s operation, oil and grease float to the tank’s surface as scum, while solid waste sinks to the tank’s bottom as scum.
2. The sediments in the bottom of the tank are exposed to a wide variety of bacteria and other microorganisms, which begin to break down the materials in an anaerobic (without oxygen) process.
3. Solids and grease must be pushed out of the system on a regular basis to ensure that it continues to function correctly.
4. Each gallon added to the tank results in one gallon being discharged to a leach field, leach pit, or other similar treatment facility, if applicable.

A large amount of water delivered too rapidly to the tank may discharge untreated effluent, along with oil and particles, into the leach field, where it may clog the field and cause it to fail.

## SIZING THE LEACH FIELD

Using perforated pipes put in gravel-filled trenches, the drain field is sized to accommodate the number of beds in the house. In order for the system to function successfully, the leach field must be appropriately sized for the soil type and amount of wastewater, which is normally determined by the number of bedrooms in the house. In order for the liquid to seep into the soil, it must be permeable enough to do so. As a result, the denser the soil, the larger the leach field that is necessary.

1. Better to have surplus capacity in your system than to have it cut too close to the bone.
2. Septic tank backup into your house, pooling on the surface of the earth, or polluting local groundwater are all possibilities if the ground is incapable of absorbing the liquid.
3. Dense clay soils will not absorb the liquid at a sufficient rate, resulting in a backlog.
4. If the soil is mostly composed of coarse sand and gravel, it might drain at such a rapid rate that untreated sewage can poison the aquifer or damage surrounding bodies of water.
5. Alternative systems may be permitted in situations when traditional leach fields are unable to function properly owing to poor soil conditions or a high water table.
6. Near flood plains, bodies of water, and other ecologically sensitive places, special systems may also be necessary to protect people and property.

## SEPTIC SYSTEM CAREMAINTENANCE REQUIRED

If you take good care of your system, you will be rewarded with years of trouble-free operation. Pumping the septic tank on a regular basis is necessary to remove the particles (sludge) and grease layer (scum) that have built up in the tank. The solids will ultimately overflow and spill into the leach field, decreasing its efficacy and diminishing its lifespan if this is not done. The rehabilitation of a clogged leach field is difficult, if not impossible; thus, constant pumping is essential!

Cooking fats, grease, and particles may also wash into the leach field if the tank is too small for the amount of water being used or if the tank is overcrowded on a regular basis.

Extra water from excessive residential consumption or yard drainage can overwhelm the system, transporting oil and particles into the leach field and causing it to overflow.

In addition, don’t try to complete a week’s worth of laundry for a family of five in a single day. This will assist you in keeping the load controlled and will also help to extend the life of your system. To minimize overburdening the system, the following measures should be taken:

• Distribute your washing loads and other high-water-use activities across the week
• And In the kitchen and bathroom, use low-flow appliances, faucets, and fixtures. Toilets, in general, are the source of the greatest amount of water use. Water should be diverted away from the leach field from the yard, gutters, and basement sump pumps.

In addition, refrain from flushing sediments, strong chemicals, and just about anything else down the toilet or sink other than biological waste and white toilet paper. Avoid using garbage disposals in the kitchen. If you really must have one, keep it for small non-meat bits only. Avoid flushing chemicals or paints down the toilet since many chemicals can destroy beneficial microorganisms or cause water contamination in the surrounding area. Avoid flushing the following down the toilet:

• Grease, fats, and animal scraps
• Paints, thinners, chemicals, and pharmaceuticals
• And a variety of other materials sanitary napkins, tampons, and other supplies Paper towels and disposable diapers are examples of such products. Egg shells, coffee grounds, and nut shells are all good options. Antibacterial soaps and antibiotics are available.

It is preferable to put grass over the leach field and to refrain from driving or parking in the vicinity. Excessive weight placed on top of the drain field might compress the earth, diminishing its efficiency as a drain field. Drain pipes can also become clogged by trees and plants with invasive roots. In order to prevent damage to the leach field, the following measures should be taken:

• Heavy machinery should not be driven, parked, or stored on top of the leach field (or septic tank). Placement of a deck, patio, pool, or any other sort of construction over the leach field is prohibited. Remove any large trees or other plants with deep roots from the leach field. Grass is the most effective groundcover.

Even with careful use and routine maintenance, however, leach fields are not guaranteed to survive indefinitely. It is inevitable that the soil will get saturated with dissolved elements from the wastewater, and that the soil will be unable to absorb any more incoming water. The presence of an odorous wet area over the leach field, as well as plumbing backups in the house, are frequently the first indicators that something is wrong. Many municipalities mandate septic system designs to incorporate a second “reserve drain field” in the case that the first field fails.

A well constructed and maintained system should last for at least 20 to 30 years, if not longer than that.

## SEPTIC SYSTEM PERFORMANCE PROBLEMS

But even with careful use and routine maintenance, leach fields are not guaranteed to survive indefinitely. When the soil becomes clogged with dissolved components from the wastewater, it will be unable to absorb any more water from the incoming water supply. When anything is wrong, the first indicators that something is wrong are frequently an odorous wet area over the leach field or plumbing backups within the home. As a result of the presumption that the first field will ultimately fail, several jurisdictions mandate septic system designs to incorporate a second “reserve drain field.” A well constructed and maintained system should last for at least 20 to 30 years, if not much longer than that.

Septic System Maintenance is discussed in further detail here:

## What size of septic tank do I need?

Probably one of the last things on your mind when you are constructing a new house is the location of your septic system.

After all, shopping for tanks isn’t nearly as entertaining as shopping for cabinetry, appliances, and floor coverings. Although you would never brag about it, your guests will be aware if you do not have the proper septic tank placed in your home or business.

## septic tanks for new home construction

The exact size of the septic tank is determined mostly by the square footage of the house and the number of people who will be living in it. The majority of home septic tanks have capacities ranging from 750 to 1,250 gallons. A 1000 gallon tank will most likely be required for a typical 3-bedroom home that is smaller than 2500 square feet in size. Of course, all of this is dependent on the number of people who live in the house as well as the amount of water and waste that will be disposed of through the plumbing system.

For the most accurate assessment of your septic tank needs, you should speak with an experienced and trustworthy sewer business representative.

This is mostly determined by the square footage of the house and the number of people that will be living in it, as well as other factors. A typical household septic tank holds between 750 and 1,250 gallons of water. Typically, a 1000 gallon tank will be required for a three-bedroom home that is less than 2500 square feet in size. It goes without saying that the amount of water and garbage that is placed into the system is directly proportional to the number of people who live in the residence.

A reputable septic firm is the most dependable source for determining the appropriate size septic tank for your home.

• Vehicles should not be allowed on or around the drainfield. Planting trees or anything else with deep roots along the bed of the drain field is not recommended. The roots jam the pipes on a regular basis. Downspouts and sump pumps should not be discharged into the septic system. Do not tamper with or change natural drainage features without first researching and evaluating the consequences of your actions on the drainage field. Do not construct extensions on top of the drain field or cover it with concrete, asphalt, or other materials. Create easy access to your septic tank cover by placing it near the entrance. Easy maintenance and inspection are made possible as a result. To aid with evaporation and erosion prevention, plant grass in the area.

### a home addition may mean a new septic tank

Do not make any big additions or renovations to your house or company until you have had the size of your septic system assessed. If you want to build a house addition that is more than 10% of your total floor space, increases the number of rooms, or necessitates the installation of new plumbing, you will almost certainly need to expand your septic tank.

• For a home addition that will result in increased use of your septic system, your local health department will require a letter from you that has been signed and authorized by a representative of your local health department confirming that your new septic system is capable of accommodating the increase in wastewater. It is not recommended that you replace your septic system without the assistance of a certified and competent contractor.

### how to maintain your new septic system

Septic tank cleaning and septic tank pumping services are provided by Norway Septic Inc., a service-oriented company devoted to delivering outstanding septic tank cleaning and septic tank pumping services to households and business owners throughout the Michiana area. “We take great delight in finishing the task that others have left unfinished.” “They pump, we clean!” says our company’s motto. Septic systems are something we are familiar with from our 40 years of expertise, and we propose the following:

• Make use of the services of a qualified specialist to develop a maintenance strategy. Make an appointment for an annual examination of your septic system. Utilize the services of an effluent filter to limit the amount of particles that exit the tank, so extending the life of your septic system. Waste materials should be disposed of properly, and energy-efficient appliances should be used. Make sure you get your septic system professionally cleaned every 2 to 3 years, or more frequently if necessary, by an experienced and qualified expert
• If you have any reason to believe that there is an issue with your system, contact a professional. It is far preferable to catch anything early than than pay the price later. Maintain a record of all septic system repairs, inspections, and other activities

### common septic questions

Here are some of the most frequently asked questions by our septic customers.

#### How do I determine the size of my septic tank?

If you have a rectangular tank, multiply the inner height by the length to get the overall height of the tank. In order to find out how many gallons your septic tank contains, divide the number by.1337.1337

#### How many bedrooms does a 500-gallon septic tank support?

The exact size of the septic tank is determined mostly by the square footage of the house and the number of people who will be living in it.

The majority of home septic tanks have capacities ranging from 750 to 1,250 gallons. A 1000 gallon tank will most likely be required for a typical 3-bedroom home that is smaller than 2500 square feet in size.

#### How deep in the ground is a septic tank?

Your septic system is normally buried between four inches and four feet underground, depending on the climate.

## How Much Does a Septic System Cost?

 Medium: Averages \$2,000-\$5,000; Runs \$4,000-\$12,000 in Higher Cost Areas Enhanced System: \$10,000-\$20,000+
For homes that aren’t connected to a municipal sewer plant, a septic is an on-site system that collects, treats and disposes of household wastewater by slowly filtering it through underground soil. Typically there are two main parts, a septic tank and a soil absorption system (also called a drainfield, leachfield or disposal field). These are located underground and connected to the house by sewage pipes.Typical costs:
• The cost of installing or rebuilding a traditional septic system (including the tank) is from \$2,000 to \$5,000 in the Midwest, but can range from \$4,000 to \$12,000 or more in locations with higher material and labor costs. Septic systems that are designed, engineered-like or alternative septic systems, such as mounds, soil/peat filters, aerobic systems, and/or artificial wetlands, can cost \$10,000 to \$20,000 or more, according to the Rhode Island Regional Water Quality Program. These alternative septic systems perform better than the conventional technique in areas with high groundwater levels or soil that is slowly or fast percolating, as well as in areas near drinking water supplies, wetlands, coastal ponds, or other water resources. Simply installing a septic tank will cost between \$500 and \$1,800 based on its size (varying from 300 to 1,000 gallons) and kind. It costs an additional \$100-\$200 to purchase piping and other necessary supplies
• New Mexico State University gives an overview of the septic tank installation process. Many locations, however, require that a septic system be planned and constructed by experienced and licensed experts

Related articles:Septic Tank Cleaning,Sewer Line Replacement,Replacing Copper Pipes What should be included:

• It is necessary to employ Septic systems when sewage treatment plants are not accessible, which is typically the case in rural or suburban areas with big lots. Essentially, a septic tank is a huge, underground, waterproof container that can be constructed of concrete, fiberglass, or plastic (polyethylene). An explanation of how septic systems function and where they might be utilized can be found at the North Carolina State University Ag Extension
• Installing or replacing a septic system might take anything from a few days to a week or more. The procedure entails substantial excavating, which is frequently accomplished using powerful earth-moving equipment.
• The majority of counties and states require a construction permit for the installation or replacement of a septic system, which may cost anywhere from \$250 to \$1,000 or more depending on the location and complexity of the job. For further information, contact your local building and planning department. A septic system installation typically entails substantial digging and damage to the landscaping
• New grass and other plantings can cost anywhere from \$100 to \$1,000 or more.
• Unlike individual septic tanks, each house has its own underground septic tank, but all of the septic tanks are connected to a single drainfield, leachfield, or soil absorption system. A cluster septic system, which is often implemented by developers, distributes the expense of drainfield installation and maintenance across a large number of dwellings.
• To find out if your local sanitation agency maintains a list of licensed septic installation firms, contact them and ask. Onsite wastewater recycling contractors can be found by contacting the National Onsite Wastewater Recycling Association for recommendations. Inquire about training and previous experience. Check to see if the firm is legally bonded, insured, and licensed in your jurisdiction.
CostHelper News What People Are Paying – Recent Comments Page 2 of 2-Previous12
 Posted by:Fredbill in Ashland, VA. Posted:October 28th, 2020 10:10AM Type:PVC pipe

When flushing my toilet during wet weather, it was gurggling and not flowing out properly. Septic company wants to replace old black pipe with PVC pipe running 80 feet from septic tank to distribution box. They think the 65 year-old black pipe is collapsing. Is \$37.50 per foot a reasonable price?

 Posted by:Fiorella in Miami, FL. Posted:July 28th, 2020 05:07PM Type:Conventional septic

Septic tank needed repair. House did not have a drain fill. Had one collapsed leg that was installed years back. Repair was done to the tank and an entire drain fill with 5 legs was installed. My house is located in a high water table. I hired a reputable plumbing company that offers a three years warranty. Is this a reasonable price to pay for repairing a septic tank and installing a complete drain fill with 5 legs?

 Posted by:Dorie Dew in Nederland, CO. Posted:May 22nd, 2020 02:05PM Type:leach field install

I am being told that because of county planning dept regs and not enuf “soil” (4 ft) before bedrock here in the Rockies, it will cost \$40,000 to install a septic system for a 2 bedroom home (the smallest unit). Please tell me there is an alternative!

 Posted by:in Stone Mountain/atlanta, GA. Posted:September 9th, 2019 04:09PM Type:New system

1000 gallon septic tank with 195 feet of quick 4 plus high capacity infiltrator per county code. Inlet line from house to tank plumbing with level 3 soil test and permit. By Easy Clean Septic 678-532-1276 Easycleanseptic.com

 Posted by:in Stone Mountain/atlanta, GA. Posted:September 9th, 2019 04:09PM Type:New system

1000 gallon septic tank with 195 feet of quick 4 plus high capacity infiltrator per county code. Inlet line from house to tank plumbing with level 3 soil test and permit.

 Posted by:Gregory Chappel in Trinidad, CA. Posted:August 15th, 2019 01:08PM Type:New tank and drain field

1500 gallon tank, 4″line, 90′ rock trenches took 3 days

 Posted by:Unclebob in McArthur, CA. Posted:January 26th, 2019 09:01AM Type:Trailer park

I fought septic tank, leach field problems for years. this is a trailer park, with 35 trailers going into a 7500 gallon tank with 1000 feet in length of leach field. The killer was cooking oil and grease. Plugged up the leach field. Educating the tenants made a huge difference. Then I found the magical cheap combination that worked much better than those expensive enzymes.Equal parts, Yeast, Brown Sugar, and Baking soda.

I mix a pound of each and flush it down a toilet every couple of months. My Pumpings have gone from every 6 months to every 3 years, and it is not as bad at 3 years as it used to be at 6 months. Sams club and Costco sell it in bulk cheap.

 Posted by:a user in moreland, GA. Posted:July 20th, 2018 12:07AM

That seems like a lot of money for s single drain line

 Posted by:Sfr Development LLC in Boone, NC. Posted:August 11th, 2017 12:08PM Type:Conventional 2 Foot Chambers

1000 gallon tank. In Mountains Boone NC. Have 30 inches to 48 inches of soil. 3 – 60 Feet 2 foot chamber lines

 Posted by:rrrr in berlin, NJ. Posted:July 12th, 2017 02:07PM Type:septic

location-south jersey-sandy soil approx cost please? looking for economy and conformity.

 Posted by:Any Help Appreciated in Charleston, SC. Posted:May 12th, 2017 08:05AM

Getting ready to purchase a piece of land that requires a septic system in order to build. From soup to nuts, (permits, materials, installation) what should I be looking at for total cost? This house will be built very close to water(Charleston, SC less than.5 miles) How long does the process typically take? Any and all help truly appreciated

 Posted by:Ken Carbaugh in Leesburg, VA. Posted:June 20th, 2016 06:06PM Type:conventional to alternative systems

A perc or perk test in Northern Va from a licensed consultant will cost between 1200-2500 dollars depending the district and county fees. Fairfax County costs are 2-4x as much due to local health dept bureaucracy and redtape requiring a surveyor and engineer to be used for any certification or permitting. Real costs of conventional systems (3-4 bedrooms) are from 14-25k depending on the soil percolation results and whether or not a pump is required. If the system is an alternative (BAT in MD) the design costs add 1000-2500 in costs and the installation of the specialized equipment adds costs that can total 20-35,000 easily.

Your property is the most valuable asset you will own so be careful with the land you contract to purchase and beware not all property is equal in value for development.

 Posted by:Bob42 in High rolls, NM. Posted:March 25th, 2016 12:03PM Type:Concrete tank, leachfield

\$5500 was the total cost for everything including permits and inspection certificate, tank, pipes, new leachfield etc. I live rurally in a mountainous region with sloping land so more work was required to remediate the land for the leach field to be level. Took about a week from contract signing to completion.

 Posted by:Susana in cumming, GA. Posted:August 24th, 2015 04:08PM Type:treating the leach field

I had a septic company come to do a septic tank pump for \$150 but they said I needed a more expensive leach field treatment at a cost of over \$2500 even thought there is no back up or smell anywhere. They wind up doing an enxyme one leaving me with 6 gallons of liquid enzyme I am suppose to pour down the toiled once a month. My son says I was ripped off. Is he right?

 Posted by:payed too much? in Effort, PA. Posted:August 2nd, 2015 11:08PM Type:dual tank w mound

Had Pump replaced as well as wire to house, dug up yard, to replace line, replaced pump, didn’t take garbage, didn’t clean up landscape, pump both tanks included in price, found truck parts in driveway and tanks not pumped, claim truck broke be back to pump.was this a lot, I had to rake out landscape and driveway, clean wires, boxes and garbage left behind,.I hope they pump the tanks soon.

 Posted by:Daytrp in Eldersburg, MD. Posted:July 17th, 2015 08:07PM Type:Repair – new construction

Repair permit: \$130-450 depending on county.New construction permits: \$250-550.New septic \$16-22k for advanced treatment, \$8-10k conventional Perc test for repair: \$850-\$1,400 takes 2-6 hours. Done with county sanatarian onsite. A common septic repair: (installation of 2 – 60′ long x 3′ wide x 8′ deep with 4′ of stone below pipe invert) runs about \$6,500.Trench dimensions are determined by number of bedrooms (occupancy) and percolation rates from perc test. price varies depending on Trench size.

Some states Have programs to help upgrade your septic tank. Check with your county health department.I bid these jobs and this is my basic start point. Specailty jobs, difficulty of access, heavy rock, all add to the bid price

 Posted by:ABMCCAA in Bakersfield, CA. Posted:June 26th, 2015 05:06PM

New 1500 Gallon Tank, Engineering, 60′ of Leach Field with Rock base drainage system. 50 ton of 3/4″ rock, new 4″ main line to house, soils testing and permits. Took 3 days total.

 Posted by:andrewbasil in hemet, CA. Posted:March 23rd, 2015 06:03AM Type:simple leach line replacement

75 feet of leach line were dug up and replaced the. attached up to original fifteen hundred gallon 1973 concrete septic tank and re buried. they had to knock down two fruit trees and by accident sheared off a water tap. (Having not repaired the water line it has now become a 5 foot stream shooting straight up in air.) I do feel grandmother was taken advantage and charged double of not more for services that. and this is the worst part. a permit nor independent inspection was never done for this job.

Help me out here what do I do?

 Posted by:ltodd kinsey in cda, ID. Posted:February 26th, 2015 11:02PM Type:all

If properly maintained a working system should never need pumped

 Posted by:M. IRIARTE in STROUDSBUR, PA. Posted:February 4th, 2015 05:02AM Type:SEPTIC

ANYONE IN THE POCONOS HAS HAD THEIR SEPTIC SYSTEM REPLACE. WHAT WAS THE COST OF REPLACEMENT.WOULD LIKE TO GET FEEDBACK Page 2 of 2-Previous12 External Resources:

1. Twri.tamu.edu/reports/1999/l5234.pdf
2. sohioline.osu.edu/aex-fact/0744.html
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