On average, the cost of installing a new septic tank system is $3,900. The price ranges from $1,500 to $5,000 for a typical 1,250-gallon tank, which is an ideal size for a three- or four-bedroom home. This cost is inclusive of the tank itself, which costs $600 to $2,100 or more, depending on the type.
- The average cost to pump out a septic tank is $250 to $600, and the additional cost to remove and dump a septic tank is approximately $5,500. Photo: depositphotos.com Septic Tank Cost: Types of Septic Tanks
What is the cheapest septic system?
Conventional septic system These conventional septic systems are usually the most affordable, with an average cost of around $3,000.
Are septic systems worth it?
No. A septic tank can help you save money on several fronts, from the installation all the way through to the day when you sell your property. Costs less to install. A new septic system will often cost significantly less than the installation of sewage pipes on a residential property.
How long do septic tanks last?
A septic system’s lifespan should be anywhere from 15 to 40 years. How long the system lasts depends on a number of factors, including construction material, soil acidity, water table, maintenance practices, and several others.
What are the alternatives to septic tanks?
Alternative Septic Systems
- Raised Bed (Mound) Septic Tank Systems. A raised bed drain field (sometimes called a mound) is just like what it sounds.
- Aerobic Treatment Systems (ATS) Aerobic systems are basically a small scale sewage treatment system.
- Waterless Systems.
Do septic tanks smell?
A properly-maintained septic tank should be odor-free, so if you notice a bad smell inside your home or outside near the leach field, it’s a sign that there’s a problem. Septic odors are caused by gases in the system, including carbon dioxide, hydrogen sulfide, and methane.
Is septic tank better than sewer?
Although septic systems require a bit more maintenance and attention, they have a number of advantages over sewer lines. Since they don’t pump wastewater long distances to be processed at a water treatment facility, they use less energy overall and have a smaller environmental impact.
How do I know if my house has a septic tank?
One way to determine whether or not your home has a septic system or is served by the public sewer system is to look at your water bill. If you are using a septic system for wastewater management, then you’re likely to see a charge of $0 for wastewater or sewer services from the utility company.
Do I have to replace my septic tank by 2020?
Under the new rules, if you have a specific septic tank that discharges to surface water (river, stream, ditch, etc.) you are required to upgrade or replace your septic tank treatment system to a full sewage treatment plant by 2020, or when you sell a property, if it’s prior to this date.
What is the most common cause of septic system failure?
Most septic systems fail because of inappropriate design or poor maintenance. Some soil-based systems (those with a drain field) are installed at sites with inadequate or inappropriate soils, excessive slopes, or high ground water tables.
What will ruin a septic system?
Any paper products like tissues, paper towels, tampons, or sanitary products, even some heavier toilet paper, will clog your system if you flush enough of it. Wet wipes are another product that you should never flush into a septic system.
Is a cesspit the same as a septic tank?
A cesspit is a sealed underground tank that simply collects wastewater and sewage. In contrast, septic tanks use a simple treatment process which allows the treated wastewater to drain away to a soakaway or stream.
What are the 3 types of septic systems?
Types of Septic Systems
- Septic Tank.
- Conventional System.
- Chamber System.
- Drip Distribution System.
- Aerobic Treatment Unit.
- Mound Systems.
- Recirculating Sand Filter System.
- Evapotranspiration System.
Learn how much it costs to Install a Septic Tank.
Septic tanks range in price from $3,178 to $10,491, with an average cost of $6,807 per tank. Installation of a conventional 1,000-gallon tank for a three-bedroom home might cost anywhere from $2,100 and $5,000. Materials range in price from $600 to $2,500, without labor. A comprehensive septic system, which includes a leach field (also known as a drain field), tank, and plumbing, can cost between $10,000 and $25,000 to install. A leach field installation might cost anywhere from $5,000 to $20,000, depending on the kind.
In the end, the cost of installing a septic tank is determined by the kind of system, the materials used, and the size of the tank.
This course will teach you about the several sorts of settings, such as conventional, drip irrigation, mound irrigation, evapotranspiration, recirculating sand, constructed wetland, and chambered irrigation.
Septic System Cost Estimator
Let’s run some numbers to see what the costs are. What part of the world are you in? What part of the world are you in?
|$3,178 – $10,491
|Low End – High End
|$450 – $21,000
The cost information in this report is based on 949 HomeAdvisor members’ real project expenses.
New Septic System Cost
Most tanks and systems cost between $2,000 and $10,000 to install a new typical anaerobic septic system. Aerobic systems range in price from $8,000 to $20,000. Depending on the size of your property, the composition of the soil, and the level of the water table, you may even have to pay an extra $10,000 or more for an alternative, specialized drain or leach field. Septic systems are composed of three major components:
- Septic tank: Either anaerobic (requiring no oxygen) or aerobic (requiring oxygen but more complicated but more efficient)
- Water runs to a leach field after it has been cleaned and separated in the septic tank, where it will naturally drain through sand, gravel, and soil in a cleaning process before reaching the water table
- Water table: Plumbing: A drainpipe to the tank, followed by another branching pipe to your field will be required.
Optional components include the following:
- Some types of systems use a dose or pump tank, which pumps wastewater up into mounded or elevated leach fields and recycles the water in some cases. Pump for aeration: If your aquarium is equipped with an aerobic system, you’ll want an aerator to force oxygen into the tank.
Find Local Septic Tank Installers
The installation of a traditional anaerobic system typically costs between $3,000 and $8,000 on average. Anaerobic systems are often less expensive to build than aerobic systems, which are more complicated. However, because they are less effective at cleaning the tank, you will need a bigger leach field to accommodate the increased burden. An anaerobic septic system is a very basic system that consists of a pipe that runs from the home to the tank and a branching pipe that runs from the tank to the drain field, among other components.
Aerobic Septic System Cost
Aerobic systems, which are those that require oxygen to work properly, cost on average between $10,000 and $20,000 per system. If you’re moving from anaerobic to aerobic fermentation, you’ll almost certainly need a second tank, but the conversion will only cost you $5,000 to $10,000. Aerobic systems break down waste more effectively in the tank than anaerobic systems, allowing you to use a smaller drain field in many cases – which is ideal for houses with limited space. An aerobic wastewater system is a wastewater system that depends on aerobic bacteria (bacteria that thrive in the presence of oxygen) to break down trash in the tank.
You’ll need an aerator as well as an electrical circuit that connects to the system to complete the setup. Small, mounded, or speciality fields may necessitate the addition of a dose or pump tank to assist in pushing effluent (sewage or wastewater) upward or out in batches.
Get Quotes From Local Septic Tank Pros
Beyond the tank and leach field, there will be a few more costs to consider when creating your budget for the project. You may already have some of these costs included in your total project pricing, so make sure to get line-item prices on your estimate.
- Excavation costs $1,200–$4,500
- Building permits cost $400–$2,000
- And a perc test costs $700–$1,300. Labor costs range from $1,500 to $4,000
- The cost of septic tank material ranges between $500 and $2,000.
- Plastic and polymer materials cost $500–$2,500
- Concrete costs $700–$2,000
- And fiberglass costs $1,200–$2,000.
- 500: $500–$900
- 750: $700–$1,200
- 1,000: $900–$1,500
- 1,200: $1,200–$1,600
- 1,500: $1,500–$2,500
- 2,000: $3,000–$4,000
- 3,000: $4,500–$6,000
- 5,000+: $7,500–$14,000
- 500: $500–$900
- 1,200: $1,200–$1,
Leach Field Cost
Installing a leach or drain field, which is a component of your septic system, can cost anywhere from $3,000 to $15,000 in total. The cost of a typical drain field ranges from $2,000 to $10,000. The drain field, also known as the leach field, is the component of the septic system that is responsible for returning wastewater to the soil. Most of the time, a flooded area in the yard or a strong stink of sewage on the property is the first symptom of a problem with the drainfield. It is possible that you may require further treatment for blocked or flooded fields, which would increase the cost of the drain field repair from $10,000 to $50,000.
Alternative Septic Systems Cost
When you have a tiny property, a high water table, high bedrock, poor soil, or just wish to utilize less space, an alternate septic system is a good choice.
Mound Septic System Cost
Installing a mound septic system can cost between $10,000 and $20,000 dollars. In places with high water tables, thin soil depths, or shallow bedrock, this is the most costly system to build; yet, it is frequently required. In order to create a drain field, it uses a raised mound of sand rather than digging into the soil. Its extra cost is a result of both the additional technology required to pump sewage upward into the mound and the materials and labor required to construct the mound in the first place.
Recirculating Sand Filter Septic System Cost
Sand filter septic systems range in price from $7,500 to $18,500. They can be built above or below ground depending on the situation. In order to disperse the wastewater in the ground, they employ a pump chamber to force the wastewater through a sand filter. The liner of the filter box is normally made of PVC. This is accomplished by pumping the effluent through the sand and returning it to the pump tank, where it is then disseminated throughout the ground.
Drip Septic System Cost
Drip systems range in price from $8,000 to $18,000, depending on the size and complexity. They operate in the same way as previous systems, with the exception that they employ extensive drip tubing and a dosage mechanism. They deliver lower dosages over a shorter period of time, which is particularly effective at shallow soil depths. This method is more expensive than a standard system since it requires a dosage tank, a pump, and electrical power to operate.
Evapotranspiration systems range in price from $10,000 to $15,000 per system. In order to allow the liquid to evaporate from the top of an open-air tank, they employ a novel drain field configuration. They’re only usable in dry, arid areas with little rain or snow, thus they’re not recommended.
Built Wetland System
Built-in wetland systems range in price from $8,000 to $15,000, with the cost increasing if an aerobic tank is included. They are designed to simulate the natural cleaning process observed in wetland ecosystems.
After traveling through a wetland tank, where it is treated by microorganisms, plants, and bacteria, it is returned to the soil. The waste also has the effect of assisting the growth of wetland plants and the population of microbes.
Installation of chambered systems ranges from $5,000 to $12,000 dollars. They employ plastic perforated chambers surrounding pipes, which are frequently laid in sand, to keep them cool. Gravel is no longer required as a result of this. They are quick and simple to install, but they are more subject to crushing pressures, such as those caused by automobiles.
Septic Tank Replacement Cost
The installation of chambered systems ranges from $5,000 to $12,000. Pipes are encircled by perforated plastic chambers that are frequently embedded in sand. Gravel is no longer required as a result of this method. The fact that they are quick and simple to install makes them more vulnerable to crushing forces, such as those caused by automobiles.
Septic System Maintenance Costs
It is essential that you pump and clean your septic tank at least once a year. In addition, you should get it examined at least once every three years. The proper maintenance of your septic tank will save you money in the long term, and it will also help you avoid potentially hazardous situations. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) suggests the following steps to keep your septic system in good working order:
Inspect and Pump Your Septic Frequently
Typically, the cost of septic tank pumping runs from $300 to $550, or around $0.30 per gallon – most septic tanks have capacities between 600 and 2,000 gallons. Every three to five years, you should have your septic tank inspected and pumped by a professional. If you have a bigger home (with more than three bedrooms) and you tend to use a lot of water, you should try to get it pumped at least once every three years. An checkup of a septic system might cost anything from $100 to $900. Your septic inspector will do a visual inspection of the system.
- Initial inspection costs between $250 and $500
- Annual inspection costs between $100 and $150
- And camera inspection costs between $250 and $900.
Use Household Water Efficiently
A toilet that leaks or runs continuously might waste as much as 200 gallons of water per day, although the average family consumes just 70 gallons of water. Take, for example, high-efficiency toilets, which consume 1.6 gallons or less of water every flush or less. The use of new, high-efficiency washing machines and showerheads can also help to reduce water waste, which will relieve the load on your septic system.
Properly Dispose of Your Waste
Your septic system is responsible for disposing of everything that goes down your drains and toilets. One easy rule of thumb is to never flush anything down the toilet other than human waste and toilet paper, unless it is absolutely necessary. That implies you should never flush the following items down the toilet or drop them down the sink drain:
- Cooking grease or oil, baby wipes or wet wipes, dental floss, diapers, feminine hygiene products, cigarettes, cat litter, and paper towels are all examples of items that fall into this category.
Maintain Your Drainfield
The drainfield of your septic system is a component of the system that eliminates waste from the septic’s liquid. You should take steps to keep it in good condition, such as:
- Never park or drive your vehicle on your drainfield. Don’t ever put trees near your drainage system. Maintaining a safe distance between your drainfield and roof drains, sump pumps, and other drainage equipment
Get in Touch With Septic Tank Installers Near You
A septic tank or septic pump tank can range in price from $350 to $14,000, depending on the material used and the size of the tank.
In most home situations, you won’t have to spend more than $3,000 on the tank’s actual construction. The majority of big, high-priced units are intended for use in apartment buildings or as part of a communal sewage system.
Concrete Septic Tank Cost
Concrete tanks range in price from $700 to $2,000. The total cost of installation ranges from $2,300 to $6,500. They’re one of the most often seen forms of installation. Despite the fact that they are vulnerable to cracking and separation, they are often resilient for several decades. It’s critical to have it carefully inspected on a regular basis for cracks and runoff, among other things. Inspections and frequent cleanings will assist to extend its useful life. Your professional can tell you how frequently you should get it inspected, but it’s normally every one to three years.
Plastic and Poly Septic Tank Prices
Septic tanks made of plastic range in price from $500 to $2,500 on average, not counting installation costs. Plastic is a long-lasting, lightweight, and reasonably priced building material. They do not break as easily as concrete and do not rust. Because of their small weight, plastics are more susceptible to harm during the installation process.
Fiberglass Septic Tank Prices
Fiberglass septic tanks are typically priced between $1,200 and $2,000, not including installation. Fiberglass does not split or rust readily, but it is prone to damage during the installation process, much like plastic. However, because of its lighter weight, it is more prone to structural damage, and the tanks themselves can move in the soil.
It’s unlikely that you’ll ever see a new steel tank constructed. They will rust or corrode with time, no matter how well-made they are at the time. As a result, they are not permitted by many municipal construction rules, and you will only encounter them in existing installations. Steel is not a long-lasting material in the earth, and it is the least preferred.
Labor Costs to Install a Septic System
The cost of labor accounts for 50 percent to 70 percent of your overall expenses. Labor is typically more expensive than the tank itself in a normal installation, making it the most expensive option. For example, while the size required for a 3 to 4-bedroom home may cost between $600 and $1,100, the labor to install it might cost anywhere between $1,500 and $4,000.
Compare Quotes From Local Pros
Here is a breakdown of how much septic tanks cost in different parts of the country. Massachusetts:$9,700 California:$4,500 Florida:$5,300 Texas:$8,000 $5,600 in New York City Colorado:$7,800 Idaho:$10,000
DIY vs. Hire a Septic System Pro
The installation of a septic system is a time-consuming operation. An incorrectly fitted unit can result in water contamination, structural damage to the property, and the need for costly repairs. In addition, an unpermitted installation might make it harder to sell and insure a property when it is completed. Make a point of interviewing at least three pros before making a final decision. Contact a septic tank installation in your area now for a free quote on your job.
A septic tank has an average lifespan of 20 to 30 years, however it may live anywhere from 14 to 40 years, depending on the following factors:
- What it is made of is a mystery. Concrete tends to require more care, but commercial-grade fiberglass and plastic are known to survive for decades in most environments. It’s amazing how well you’ve kept it up. Every one to three years, have your system inspected and pumped out
- Every three to five years, have it pumped out. It will depend on whether or not it gets vehicle traffic over the leach field. Driving over the leach field compresses it, which increases the likelihood of it failing. The soil’s chemical makeup is important. The length of time it may endure varies depending on the soil type and depth.
What are the signs I need a new septic tank?
There are a few indicators that it is time to replace your septic tank. These are some examples: If you smell sewage, you may have a solid waste problem in your septic tank that has to be dealt with immediately. Standing water: If there is no clear explanation for standing water, such as a significant rainstorm, it is possible that you have an oversaturated drain field, a damaged pipe, or a faulty septic system. A clogged septic tank will cause pipes to drain more slowly than they would otherwise be.
Construction on your home or the addition of more occupants will have an impact on your septic system.
pollution of nearby water: A septic tank leak can result in wastewater contamination, which can deposit nitrate, nitrite, or coliform bacteria in water sources around your property as a result of the leak.
If these bacteria are discovered in your vicinity, you should investigate your septic system to determine if it is the cause. Old age: If your septic system has reached the end of its useful life, it is time to replace it.
Does homeowners insurance cover septic systems?
Many unforeseen and abrupt repairs to septic tanks are covered by homeowners’ insurance policies. They do not, however, often cover harm caused by a failure to perform routine maintenance. Make certain that you are pumping and cleaning it on a yearly basis.
How much do septic system repairs cost?
Repairing a septic system can cost anything from $600 to $3,000. Most tank repairs and replacement parts cost less than $1500 for each type of repair or replacement part mentioned below. Leach fields range in price from $2,000 to $20,000.
- Tank Pumps cost between $800 and $1,500. A septic tank that is placed below the drain field may necessitate the installation of a pump to transport wastewater to the drain field. Pumping costs between $300 and $600 per year. Pumping is required to remove solid waste from even a perfectly functioning system every two or three years, even if it is in good working order. Tank Lids cost between $100 and $300 to purchase and install. If you purchase the lid and attach it yourself, it will cost you between $50 and $150
- Tank Lid Risers range in price from $300 to $1,000. Deeply submerged tanks can have their lids raised to the surface by using these devices.
Still Have Questions About Septic Tanks?
On average, a new septic tank system will cost between $3,060 and $9,810, depending on the specifications. Get quotations from as many as three professionals! Enter your zip code below to get matched with top-rated professionals in your area. Simply simply, trash is an unavoidable component of everyday existence. Septic tanks perform the dirty work for you, and they’re not particularly attractive. Anaerobic septic systems, which are the most common type, cost between $2,000 and $10,000. Aerobic systems are more expensive, ranging from $8,000 to $20,000.
How Much Does a New Septic Tank System Cost Near You?
Whether you’re building a vacation cottage or a year-round residence, you’ll need to take in the cost of a septic tank system into your budget. In general, the cost of a new septic tank system is $6,420 on the national level, while particular costs vary from state to state depending on a variety of criteria. As a starting point, each state has its own set of fees and regulations for obtaining construction permits and licenses. Before starting a septic tank project, be sure you understand the requirements in your region.
In general, sandy soil that is well-drained is the ideal choice for gardening.
Sewage tank installation prices can reach upwards of $9,000 in places where the soil is more saturated, such as clay, and where the state has severe septic tank licensing and permission regulations.
Outside of these locations, residents may anticipate septic system expenses to be in line with the national average.
Septic Tank System Cost Breakdown
The entire cost of installing a septic system will ultimately be determined by three factors: the materials and labor necessary to complete the installation, as well as the cost of digging a leach field on your land.
Concrete, fiberglass, and plastic are some of the most often used materials in septic tank systems. Concrete tanks are the most commonly used because of their longevity; with regular care, they may survive for up to 30 years or more.
Concrete septic tanks typically cost between $700 and $2,000 on average. Plastic septic tanks are generally affordable, ranging in price from $500 to $2,500 per tank. On the other side, fiberglass tanks are more costly, ranging from $1,200 to $2,000 per tank.
It is possible that labor prices may vary by location and will be dependent on the size and materials used in the new septic tank system. However, in most cases, labor costs account for 50 percent to 70 percent of the overall cost of a septic tank system installation. Even though installation is more expensive than purchasing the tank alone, it is well worth it if you do not have the time or resources to undertake yet another home improvement project at this point in your life. Make certain that you and your contractor or plumber go over all of the specifics.
Additionally, construction permits, which normally cost between $400 and $2,000, and perc tests, which cost between $700 and $1,300 on average, are additional expenses that may or may not be included in your septic tank installation prices.
Leach fields, which are a type of trench, are used in conjunction with septic tank systems to collect and treat wastewater. It is the component of your septic system that returns the wastewater to the earth, often known as a leach field or drain field. Leach fields range in price from $2,000 to $10,000. Photo courtesy of Natalia / Adobe Stock
How Much Does a New Septic Tank System Cost by Type?
Each form of septic system has its own set of advantages and disadvantages. Even though anaerobic systems need less maintenance, they are not suitable for use on smaller parcels of land. Anaerobic systems, on the other hand, may function effectively in compact places but need additional effort.
Septic tanks can be classified as either anaerobic (requiring no oxygen) or aerobic (requiring oxygen). Anaerobic systems, which are more frequent, cost between $3,000 and $8,000 on average, according to the manufacturer. They are often less expensive to install than aerobic systems, but they are less efficient and need a bigger leach field than aerobic systems. In an anaerobic septic system, a pipe connects the home to the septic tank, and another pipe connects the septic tank to the leach field, where the waste is disposed.
This type of system does not require any additional electricity or chemicals, which makes it a popular choice among homeowners.
Aerobic septic systems make use of oxygen that is fed into the tank to activate bacteria that feed on the solid waste in the tank. These systems are more expensive than anaerobic systems, costing between $10,000 and $20,000, but they are more efficient and may be used effectively on smaller sites. In contrast to anaerobic systems, they require more electricity to function well. Connecting it to a backup power generator will guarantee that everything continues to function correctly in the event of a power loss.
How Much Does a New Septic Tank Cost by Style?
The size and location of your property will play a role in determining which type of septic tank system is best for your needs.
The mound or sand filter aerobic septic tank systems are recommended for smaller properties, while those with greater room have a wider range of alternatives.
Expect to spend more money if you choose a mound septic system, which may cost between $10,000 and $20,000 to install. A sand mound is constructed on top of the septic system region to collect wastewater that has been pumped out of the tank. Water is filtered via the sand before it enters the soil and groundwater. Even though these systems are costly, they are important in locations where the water table is high.
Sand filter septic systems employ a pump to force wastewater through a sand filter at a low pressure before it is released into the soil or groundwater, effectively treating and removing nutrients from the wastewater. Despite the fact that nutrients such as phosphorus and nitrogen are naturally found in trash, when they collect in surface water, they can degrade water quality and cause aquatic ecosystem harm. They range in price from $7,000 to $18,000 and may be constructed either above or below ground.
These systems are most effective in locations with high water tables or in areas where there are bodies of water nearby.
Chamber septic systems are identical to conventional systems, except that they employ plastic chambers in the leach field instead of gravel to collect the waste. They range in price from $5,000 to $12,000 to install. Chamber septic systems are excellent solutions for sites with varying input quantities, such as vacation homes or rental properties. You should avoid placing it near your driveway or parking area if you choose this type since driving over it might cause considerable (and stinky) harm.
Drainage systems that employ drip tubing and a dosing device to release smaller, scheduled dosages of waste on a regular basis are called drip septic systems. They are particularly effective in soils with a short depth. It takes more components to install a drip system than it does to install a traditional system, such as a dosing tank or a pump, and it may cost anywhere from $8,000 to $18,000, depending on the size of the system.
Evapotranspiration septic systems range in price from $10,000 to $15,000 and are particularly beneficial in dry regions and locations with thin soil. They have special leach fields that allow wastewater to evaporate from the top of an open-air tank, which is not common in other tanks. If you reside in an area where there is a potential of snow or rain, an evapotranspiration septic system should be avoided at all costs. The dampness might eventually cause them to collapse, and the repair process for a septic tank is not particularly attractive.
As you may have guessed, constructed wetland septic systems are designed to replicate the natural water treatment process found in wetlands.
Water is treated in a wetland tank by microbes, plants, and bacteria before being released back into the environment. As a result, the waste promotes the growth of plants and bacteria. The cost of these environmentally friendly systems ranges from $5,000 to $12,000.
What Factors Influence the Cost of a New Septic Tank System?
Several factors influence the cost of a septic tank installation project. In general, costs rise as the size of the organization grows. If landscaping and permits are necessary for the installation of your septic tank, you should budget an extra $600 at the very least. The sort of material you choose will also have an impact on the price, with plastic being very inexpensive when compared to concrete. Furthermore, if you choose a more customized design over a stock model, you will be responsible for the additional work costs.
As a result, the amount you pay will be determined by the location of your home as well as the soil type that surrounds your property.
FAQs About Septic Tank Systems
A septic system that has been poorly built can cause serious difficulties, such as water contamination and structural damage to your property. Repairs to a septic system are not inexpensive. Because of the high level of danger involved in constructing septic tanks, this process should be left to the professionals. Call around and talk about your requirements (as well as your budget) with a number of septic tank businesses in your region to find the ideal match.
What should I consider when installing a septic tank system?
A septic tank is an essential component of every property. Damage to your property as a result of structural failure or leaks may be costly, as well as dangerous to human and environmental health. It’s possible that the unpleasantness will even compel you to check into a motel for the night. Prior to establishing your septic tank system, take the following factors into consideration:
- Soil type
- Structural hazards (avoid places near cars or heavy machinery)
- The size of the property
- The size of the septic tank
- Future maintenance
- And the location of the tank
What other projects should I do at the same time?
Excavation is frequently required when installing a septic tank system (unless you opt for an above-ground tank). Once the excavators have broken ground, you may proceed with further subterranean projects that will save you time and money in the long run, such as:
- Establish underground utilities and construct a retaining wall before beginning work on the sprinkler system.
Septic Tank Installation and Replacement Cost
Establish underground utilities and construct a retaining wall before beginning work on your sprinkler system.
|Septic Tank Installation
|National Minimum Cost
|National Maximum Cost
|National Average Cost
According to the Environmental Protection Agency, one in every five residences in the United States relies on a septic system for wastewater management (EPA). In the case of septic systems, you may have a septic system for your home alone, or you may be connected to a communal system that services a small number of homes. Untreated wastewater created by a house or company is treated on site by a septic system, which is an on-site treatment system. Sewage lines convey wastewater from your shower, toilet, sinks, clothes washer, and trash disposal away from your home and into a septic tank buried in your yard.
Solids are separated from floatable debris in the septic tank, and the leftover liquid drains from the tank through a series of perforated tubes and onto a drain field or leach field after being separated in the tank.
The usage of septic systems is popular in rural regions that do not have access to a centralized municipal sewer system.
Tank capacity ranges from less than 1,000 gallons to more than 2,000 gallons, with the size of the tank determined by the quantity of water you consume on a daily basis.
Condos, apartments, residences, business spaces, and other types of structures might benefit from septic system installation or replacement services.
What’s in this cost guide?
- Soil type
- Tank size and kind
- Lift station
- And more. Septic systems that are not conventional
- How septic tanks function
- Signs that you need to upgrade your system
- How to employ a professional
Alternative septic systems
Alternative techniques are particularly effective on steep locations, highly rocky land, or poor soil. Among the options available are aerobic septic systems, mound septic systems, raised-bed septic systems, and others. Find the most qualified septic system professional for your project.Please enter a valid zip code.Septic system installation and replacement prices may be more or lower than the national average depending on the area and kind of system.
Signs you need a new system
Anyone would not want sewage water rising up through their front yard on one of the hottest days of the summer season (or even on the coldest day of winter). Waterborne pathogens such as protozoa, bacteria (such as E. coli), and viruses may be spread through fecal matter, making wastewater not just stinking and disgusting, but also potentially deadly. If your septic system is leaky, overworked or broken, unclean wastewater can drain through the soil to contaminate the water you and your friends and neighbors drink.
Knowing what indicators to look for might help you catch an issue before it becomes a major problem.
This includes having your septic tank pumped out by a professional every three to five years.
Other indicators may indicate that it is necessary to contact a septic system specialist as soon as possible to either repair or replace the system.
How Much Does a Septic Tank Cost to Install?
For this reason, if you’re seeking for information about septic tank installation, we recommend that you continue reading our comprehensive guide below.
What Do You Need To Know About Installing a Septic Tank?
In order to guarantee that you get the most qualified professional septic installer possible, it’s vital for you to understand how septic tank installation works first. Also worth mentioning is that septic tank installation is a difficult, filthy and sometimes dangerous process that should nearly always be done by a professional installer.
With that in mind, let’s take a look at how septic tanks function and what you should think about before getting into the details of how much it will cost to build one.
How Does a Septic Tank Work?
Before we get into the average expenses connected with septic tank installation, it’s crucial for you to understand how septic tank installation works so that you can choose the most qualified professional septic installer you can afford. It’s also crucial to know that septic tank installation is a difficult, filthy, and sometimes hazardous process that should nearly always be performed by a professional installer. In light of the above, let us now examine the operation of a septic tank as well as the factors you should consider before estimating the price of the tank’s installation.
How Often Do Septic Tanks Need to Be Replaced?
The following information is important if you are considering having a septic tank installed due to concerns about the age of your present tank. If you have any questions, please contact us. For starters, septic tanks normally have a lifespan of 40 years, after which they must be replaced with new ones. If your tank is reaching that age or you’re not sure when the tank was placed, you should consider replacing it before it causes a big (and costly) problem. Any breakdown of your septic system may be quite harmful, so if you detect any problems with sewage treatment, leaks, or soil contamination, you should get your tank replaced immediately.
- Similarly, the presence of coliform bacteria in water sources such as ponds or wells on your property is extremely dangerous and indicates that your septic tank should be replaced immediately.
- A leaky septic tank may be identified by the fact that the ground above and surrounding it has become particularly moist or has water piled on top of it.
- Septic tanks are available in a variety of sizes, and they are erected in accordance with the size of your property and the anticipated demand imposed on the system.
- You may have clogging in your septic system for a variety of reasons, including the growth of your family or the disposal of troublesome materials such as dental floss, sanitary napkins, cotton balls, cotton swabs, or other materials that do not decompose in your tank.
- A blockage in your septic system can result in sewage backup and property damage, putting your family’s health at risk and possibly costing thousands of dollars in repair costs.
As a result, any indicators of a blockage or backlog should be addressed as soon as possible, and it may be necessary to replace the septic tank. In the event that their septic tank is backed up or blocked, many homeowners will notice slowly emptying plumbing fittings throughout their houses.
Can You Install a Septic Tank Yourself?
The following information is essential if you are considering having a septic tank installed due to concerns about the age of your present tank. If you have any questions, please contact us. A couple of things to consider: Septic tanks are designed to last for around 40 years and then need to be replaced. If your tank is approaching that age, or if you aren’t sure when it was placed, you should consider replacing it before it becomes a big (and expensive) problem for you and your family. You should consider replacing the tank if you observe any problems with sewage treatment, leaks, or soil pollution.
- The presence of sewage contamination or excessive nitrate or nitrite levels in water sources indicates that your septic tank is leaking untreated sewage into the ground, which may be detected by soil testing.
- Occasionally, homeowners discover standing water in their yard that is not associated with heavy rainfall or flooding.
- Septic tank backups in your yard are usually indicative of the need to have the system updated immediately.
- Depending on how much space you have added to your house or how large your family has grown, it may be necessary to replace your present septic tank with a larger one in order to accommodate the additional strain imposed on the system.
- Aside from being clogged over time with normal use, septic tanks can also become blocked if they aren’t pumped out on a consistent basis.
- Because of this, any indicators of clogging or backlog should be addressed as soon as possible; otherwise, septic tank replacement may be necessary.
How Often Do Septic Tanks Need to Be Pumped?
Pumping your septic tank at least once every three to five years is advised since the scum and solid waste layers may collect rather fast in your tank. In addition, if you find that your fixtures are draining slowly or if you observe any other indicators of a backlog, blockage, or other septic tank difficulties, you should arrange a pumping service. Pumping your septic tank on a regular basis is the most effective approach to keep your septic system from backing up or becoming blocked with waste.
A septic tank cleaning service will remove the top layer of scum that would otherwise continue to build up in your tank, as well as any solid human waste that has found its way down into your tank and might create obstructions.
How Much Do Plumbers Charge to Install a Septic Tank?
Now that we’ve gone over the ins and outs of septic systems, let’s talk about how much they cost. The average cost to build a new septic tank in the United States is around $4,000. This covers the cost of the tank as well as any labor expenditures that may be incurred throughout the procedure. The entire cost of your septic system installation will vary depending on the amount of excavation required, the soil conditions, the kind of septic system you choose, and the size and number of bedrooms and bathrooms in your home.
- The type of septic system you pick will be one of the most significant cost variables when installing a new septic system.
- Sand filter and aerobic systems are generally priced between $8,000 and $10,000 per installation.
- Purchasing a 1,000-gallon tank for a 3-bedroom home will be much less expensive than purchasing an equivalent tank for a 5- or 6-bedroom home.
- For example, the cost of a concrete septic tank can reach up to $2,000 only for the equipment, but the cost of a PVC or plastic septic tank is often under $1,000.
How Does Septic Tank Installation Work?
Please realize that septic tank installation or replacement should only be undertaken by a licensed plumber or septic tank professional. Septic systems should never be entered or worked on by homeowners, regardless of how much DIY knowledge they may have. Never attempt to open, replace, or repair your septic system on your own since doing so might result in death from hazardous gases released into the air.To install or replace a septic tank, an experienced expert will begin by digging the dirt in your yard where the tank will be located.
The tank will then be lowered into the ground using heavy gear, which is typically used by the installer.
If your septic system expert is replacing an old septic tank, he or she will simply connect the tank to the existing leach field through an outlet valve, then backfill in and around the unit.
If you’re constructing a septic system when none previously existed, or if you’re replacing a cesspool with a septic tank, your installer will proceed by excavating for your leach field.Watch the video below to discover how septic tanks are installed: septic tank installation video
What Are the Different Kinds of Septic Systems?
Please realize that septic tank installation or replacement should only be undertaken by a licensed plumber or septic tank professional. Septic systems should never be entered or worked on by homeowners, regardless of how much DIY knowledge they have. Simple acts such as opening a septic tank can release toxic gases into the air and cause death; therefore, never attempt to open, replace, or maintain your septic system yourself. To install or replace a septic tank, a professional will begin by excavating the soil in your yard where the tank will be located.
The installer will then typically utilize heavy gear to lower the tank securely into the ground when it has been properly installed.
If your septic system expert is replacing an old septic tank, they will simply connect the tank to the existing leach field using an outlet valve, seal the tank, and backfill the area around the unit with dirt.
Traditional Septic System
A conventional septic system, also known as an anaerobic septic system, is the type of septic system we’ve chosen to explain above since it is the most frequent type of septic system in the United States. In this sort of system, the waste from your residence is sent through the main waste pipe and into the septic tank, where it is treated. In order to transport the liquid waste from the centre of the tank to the distribution box, a pump must be utilized. The waste distribution box ensures that waste is distributed uniformly to the branches of your drain field.
Chamber Septic System
A chamber system functions in much the same way as a regular septic system, with the exception that the pipes that transfer cleansed water to the soil are substantially wider and serve as treatment chambers rather than simply as a mechanism of distribution. Wastewater enters your septic tank through the waste pipe, just as it would in a normal system, and is treated by the bacteria that live within the tank. Flows of liquid waste are directed to a distribution box, which subsequently distributes the trash to huge chambers beneath the ground surface.
Households that do not generate a constant stream of trash, such as summer houses or short-term rental properties, benefit from chamber systems since they allow for a higher flow of treated sewage and a more effective waste management solution.
Drip Distribution System
It is quite similar to how a regular septic system operates, except that the pipes used to send cleansed water to the soil are substantially larger and serve as treatment chambers rather than simply as a mechanism of distribution. Wastewater enters your septic tank through the waste pipe, just as it would in a normal system, and is treated by the microorganisms in the tank. Liquid waste is pumped to a distribution box, which subsequently distributes the trash to huge chambers beneath the surface of the earth.
Households that do not generate a constant stream of trash, such as vacation homes or short-term rental properties, benefit from chamber systems, which allow for a higher flow of treated sewage and a more effective waste management solution.
Aerobic Septic System
An aerobic septic system varies from other types of septic systems not in the technique of dispersion used, but in the manner in which the sewage is handled. An air pump pumps oxygen into the tank, increasing the activity and effectiveness of the bacteria in the process of properly cleaning the sewage before it is disposed of into the groundwater. These systems are appropriate for properties located near public water sources or high water table where pollution is a big worry.
A mound septic system disperses waste across a vast mound of gravel and sand that is buried underground. Compared to a typical system, the drain field for these systems may be substantially smaller and set at shorter depths, making them particularly well suited for properties with shallow bedrock or high amounts of groundwater. Bacteria living in the sand beneath the drain field are responsible for the majority of the treatment of the sewage.
Recirculating Sand Filter System
Recirculating sand filter systems are designed to pump effluent from your septic tank into a separate treatment chamber that is partially filled with sand and partially loaded with more microorganisms. It is used as a second round of filtration and treatment before the waste is discharged into the drain field. This sort of system is appropriate for homes that are close to high groundwater levels or public water sources where pollution is a serious problem.
An evapotranspiration septic system is one that does not have a drain field and does not discharge wastewater into the soil. Instead, it incorporates an open-air tank following your septic tank, where the effluent evaporates into the surrounding environment. These systems are appropriate for use in places where ground pollution is a serious problem; nevertheless, they are only acceptable for use in dry climates where evaporation may occur easily and quickly.
This form of septic system, which is relatively unusual, employs a man-made wetland to naturally treat sewage by employing plants and bacteria that utilise the chemicals contained in wastewater to break down the solid waste.
The wetland is built atop an underground tank that is located beyond the reach of a normal septic tank system. Waste that has been treated is finally injected into the soil via a leach field, where it undergoes further treatment.
When Should You Hire A Professional To Install a Septic Tank?
The quick answer is: it depends. Always! You should always engage a professional to conduct the work for you when establishing a septic system in a location where one did not previously exist or when replacing your cesspool with a septic tank. Septic tanks and cesspools are not only difficult to locate and access, but the gases and chemicals contained within the containers are harmful to your health and might even be lethal if not addressed immediately. Furthermore, any mistakes made during the construction of your septic system may potentially result in thousands, if not tens of thousands, of dollars in property damage as well as fines from the local health authority if the system is not properly maintained.
What Should You Look For In a Septic Tank Installer?
The most important thing to remember is that you should always choose a qualified expert to build your septic system. Although a local contractor may offer to complete the work for a lower price, you should hire a professional to ensure that you do not suffer property damage, sewage backups, or other costly problems down the line. Some plumbers only operate on an hourly basis, but a professional with expertise installing septic tanks should be able to estimate the entire time and cost of the supplies required for the installation.
Finally, we highly advise you to use a plumber that provides a satisfaction guarantee or a warranty on the work performed.
How Much Does a Septic Tank Cost? (2022)
The cost of replacing a septic tank typically ranges from around $3,000 to $10,000, depending on the type of tank your property requires, the size of your home, and the difficulty of the installation process. These variables can cause septic tank prices to vary greatly, and a whole septic system can be far more expensive than simply replacing a tank. Doing your research before making a purchase is a fantastic approach to ensure that you are receiving a decent price. When you have the appropriate knowledge, you’ll be prepared for what to expect and what reasonable rates for repairs and replacements look like when you begin making phone calls and getting estimates for your vehicle.
What is a septic tank?
It is an underground structure that cleanses tainted water that has been discharged from your residence. These tanks are often constructed of concrete, fiberglass, or polyethylene, and they are a component of a larger septic system that transports wastewater to the tank and then releases it when it has been properly treated. Connecting to a septic tank can be less expensive than connecting to a sewage system, and they are frequently more environmentally friendly. However, they can necessitate more upkeep and greater caution when it comes to what you flush down the toilet.
You may have the option of choosing between a septic system and an underground shared sewer system when building a new home, but most homeowners opt to keep the system that was installed when their home was constructed.
How does a septic tank system work?
Septic tanks, in general, work by removing floatable stuff (such as oil) and solids from your home’s wastewater before discharging the remaining treated water into either the soil, sand, organic matter, wetlands, or other media, depending on the situation. The intricacies of how each form of system operates, on the other hand, will differ. An uncomplicated septic system is one in which both grey water and blackwater from your home drain into a holding tank. After a period of time, solids settle to the bottom of the tank while fats, oils, and grease float to the surface, forming scum.
Afterward, the scum and sludge are removed from the wastewater, and the treated water is discharged into the drainfield for further filtering and treatment.
Water is then continually filtered as it travels downhill through the soil before reaching the groundwater.
Types of septic systems
There are many different types of septic systems, but the two most common are as follows:
- Underground water treatment systems that use conventional (anaerobic) methods: These water treatment systems strain effluent (treated water) through stone or gravel in a drainfield. They’re normally best suited for single-family houses, and they’ll run you anywhere from $3,000 to $8,000 on average. Aerobic systems: These units increase the amount of oxygen in the tank, which accelerates the decomposition of organic waste. They can be utilized in situations when traditional systems may be ineffective, but they are more expensive, costing between $10,000 and $20,000 since they are more complicated.
Alternative system configurations include the following:
- The following are examples of alternative systems:
Your tastes, household size, soil conditions, and property characteristics will all have an impact on which option is best for you.
Signs your septic tank is full
If you detect any of the following signs around your property, it is possible that your septic tank is either full or damaged:
- Drains take a long time to drain
- An inoperable or slow-flushing toilet
- A toilet that won’t flush at all
- The sound of gurgling after flushing a toilet or turning on the water The smell of sewage in the yard
- It is important to have a lush grass, especially surrounding your septic tank. a puddle of water on the lawn
Any of these indicators might indicate that something is wrong with your septic tank, but there is a significant difference between a damaged tank and a tank that is overflowing with waste. Pumping may be used to empty a clogged septic tank, and it should only cost you $300 to $600 to do so. A faulty septic tank, on the other hand, will require either repair or replacement, which will almost always result in a higher financial outlay.
How much does it cost to repair a septic tank?
If your tank isn’t functioning correctly, you might be looking at a $1,500 bill for repairs. However, it is possible that the problem is not with the tank itself, but with another component of the septic system. It all boils down to whatever portion of the system is malfunctioning:
- Pump repairs might cost anything from $250 and $400. The cost of replacing your filter will be in the $200 to $300 area. Repairing baffles might cost anything from $100 to $900. Septic line repairs typically cost roughly $1,500, but it is not uncommon for them to cost as much as $4,000 in some cases.
Generally speaking, if you can get your septic tank or system fixed while still getting many years out of it, that is the most advantageous alternative. Not all issues, on the other hand, can be resolved. Septic tank professionals should evaluate the following factors when advising you on whether repair or replacement is the best course of action for your home:
- Are puddles developing in a short period of time? Ponds in the yard aren’t usually a big deal, at least not in the long run. Puddles in the yard that form fast over night, on the other hand, are an entirely different story. The presence of puddles shows that the septic tank is nearly full, but it might also signal that there is a problem with the pipes or with the leach field, as well. The presence of large puddles often indicates a more serious problem, such as a damaged tank that would necessitate tank replacement. What is the size of your family? Septic tanks that are greater in size are required for larger homes. A bigger tank that can accommodate your growing family may be a smart choice if your home has increased over the years but your tank has not. How often do you find yourself in need of repairs? While a single repair isn’t a major concern, when repairs become more frequent, it’s time to take stock of your situation. A faulty septic system is almost certainly on its way out, which means you’ll have to pay to get it replaced.
Whether you’re repairing or replacing your unit, it’s important to remember that if your septic tank is still under warranty, you may expect to save a significant amount of money on your out-of-pocket expenditures. While some new septic tanks come with guarantees from the manufacturer, a house warranty may be available to cover older ones as well if they have been neglected.
However, should something go wrong with your septic tank, you may only be required to pay a modest service charge before your warranty provider covers the remainder of the cost of the repair or replacement.
How much does it cost to replace a septic tank?
A single-family home’s septic tank will cost between $3,000 and $10,000 to repair, depending on the situation. However, the price of your septic tank and the cost of installation are the two factors that have the greatest impact on your entire cost. The cost of a septic tank varies depending on the kind and size of the tank in question. Unless you wish to go bigger to allow future development, the size of your tank is normally dictated by the size of your household. There isn’t much flexibility there.
- Concrete tanks: The cost of a concrete tank before construction might range from $700 to $2,000
- Tanks made of fiberglass: A fiberglass tank can cost anywhere between $1,200 and $2,000 before installation. The cost of a polyethylene (plastic) tank is the most variable choice, ranging from $500 to $2,500 before installation
- Nonetheless, this is the least expensive alternative.
The use of steel tanks is also a possibility, although they are less popular and more susceptible to corrosion.
How much does it cost to install a septic system?
Installation fees typically account for 50 percent to 70 percent of the total cost of a septic tank replacement. In order to ensure that you’re receiving a decent bargain, it’s critical to shop around for estimates before making any decisions. Listed below is a breakdown of what your labor costs are used to fund:
- Perc test: A perc test analyzes the ability of your soil to absorb and filter water in a given amount of time. It entails the technician digging a 2- to 3-foot hole and pouring water into it to see how quickly the water disappears. A perc test will cost you anything from $750 and $1,850. Permits for construction: The cost of obtaining a construction permit varies from municipality to municipality. They normally cost between $400 to $2,250, but you may pay more if you want to construct an alternative septic system or if you live in a high-priced neighborhood. Costs of excavation: A completed wetland septic system should cost you between $1,200 and $4,500, but the cost will rise dramatically if you additionally install a pump or choose to go with the latter option. Traditional septic systems do not require electrical work, but any system that includes a pump or other mechanical device will necessitate the installation of electrical wiring and equipment. Due to the fact that your local electrician will decide the pricing and their effort is dependent on how much underground electrical line they have to build, it is difficult to estimate this cost.
The cost of your drain field or leach field, as well as the piping that connects your home to the tank, will be significantly higher if you’re building a septic system from the ground up from the beginning. A new drain field might cost up to $15,000, depending on its size.
How long does a septic tank last?
In general, septic tanks survive 20 to 30 years, although some can live up to 40 years or more. The material used to construct a septic tank, as well as how often it is cleaned, determine how long it will last. Steel septic tanks, which are less common, may rust out after 15 years, but many endure much longer. Concrete tanks have longer life spans, however they might be vulnerable to acidic soils due to their construction. Plastic and fiberglass tanks are less vulnerable to the weather, although structural degradation is a greater worry with these types of containers.
Pumping and maintaining your tank on a regular basis will guarantee that it continues to function properly for many years to come.
When dealing with septic tank problems, there is a lot to consider. Even while it is vital to seek expert counsel, it is also beneficial to be prepared so that you can make informed judgments. In order to learn about your alternatives, whether you’re budgeting for a new tank or attempting to maintain existing system functioning, it’s a good idea to shop about, study reviews, and obtain different quotations. If you’re just planning ahead or concerned about septic tank bills in the future, consider purchasing a home warranty to help cover the expenses.
The authors at ConsumerAffairs draw their inspiration for their work mostly from government statistics, industry experts, and original research published by other credible media. Visit ourFAQ page to find out more about the information on our site and how to use it.
- “Types of Septic Systems,” published by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). On September 26, 2021, the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) published “How Your Septic System Works,” which was accessible online. United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), “How to Care for Your Septic System,” accessed on October 11, 2021
- “How to Care for Your Septic System.” On the 11th of October, 2021, it was accessible.
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