What Is The Key To The Operation Of A Septic Tank? (Solution found)

  • To ensure trouble-free operation, a septic tank requires regular inspection and maintenance. Quality treatment encourages the growth of enzymes and bacteria that are important in breaking down waste and preventing odors.

What is the operation of a septic tank?

Septic tanks work by allowing waste to separate into three layers: solids, effluent and scum (see illustration above). The solids settle to the bottom, where microorganisms decompose them. The middle layer of effluent exits the tank and travels through underground perforated pipes into the drainage field.

How a septic tank works step by step?

The 7 Steps For How Septic Tank Systems Work

  1. Wastewater flows from the house into the septic tank.
  2. Anaerobic bacteria living inside it start breaking down some of the waste.
  3. Solid waste (inorganic material) sinks and liquid waste (oils, fats, grease) rises.
  4. The wastewater seeps into the drain field*

How can I make my septic tank more efficient?

How to Keep Your Septic System Healthy

  1. How the Septic System Works.
  2. Don’t Overload the Septic Tank and Drain field.
  3. Use an Efficient Toilet.
  4. Don’t Treat the Toilet as a Garbage Disposal.
  5. Don’t Pour Grease Down the Drain.
  6. Divert Rain Water From the Septic Drain Field.
  7. Keep Trees Away from the Septic System.

How often should a septic tank be emptied?

How Often Should I Empty My Septic Tank? To keep your sewage system running correctly, your septic tank needs to be pumped out or desludged every 1 -2 years. It is extremely important to keep your septic tank maintained.

How do you tell if your septic tank is full?

Here are some of the most common warning signs that you have a full septic tank:

  1. Your Drains Are Taking Forever.
  2. Standing Water Over Your Septic Tank.
  3. Bad Smells Coming From Your Yard.
  4. You Hear Gurgling Water.
  5. You Have A Sewage Backup.
  6. How often should you empty your septic tank?

What is the purpose of the first chamber of a two chamber septic tank?

Wastewater enters the first chamber of the tank, allowing solids to settle and scum to float. The settled solids are anaerobically digested, reducing the volume of solids.

What are the components of a septic tank?

A typical septic system has four main components: a pipe from the home, a septic tank, a drainfield, and the soil. Microbes in the soil digest or remove most contaminants from wastewater before it even- tually reaches groundwater. Your Septic System is your responsibility! Howdoes it work?

Do you need to pump both sides of a septic tank?

Septic tanks installed after the late 1980s have two compartments, and it is important to pump out both compartments each time. Most homeowners are unaware when their septic tank has two compartments; some companies use that to their advantage, charging to pump both sides of the tank but only actually pumping out one.

What can break down poop in septic tank?

Yeast helps actively breaks down waste solids when added to your septic system. Flush ½ cup of dry baking yeast down the toilet, the first time. Add ¼ cup of instant yeast every 4 months, after the initial addition.

How often does a 1000 gallon septic tank need to be pumped?

For example, a 1,000 gallon septic tank, which is used by two people, should be pumped every 5.9 years. If there are eight people using a 1,000-gallon septic tank, it should be pumped every year.

Can I shower if my septic tank is full?

Only the water would get out into the leach field in a proper system unless you run too much water too fast. The thing to do is to run your shower water outside into it’s own drain area, but it may not be allowed where you are. Used to be called gray water system.

Will toilet flush if septic tank is full?

Toilets Flush Slowly When your septic tank is excessively full, your toilet may start acting odd. You might find that your toilet doesn’t fully flush or flushes very slowly and odd noises occur when you flush your toilet. These noises usually sound like gurgling or bubbling.

What to do after septic is pumped?

After you have had your septic tank pumped by a trusted septic company, there are some things you can and should do as the septic system owner.

  1. 1) Get on a Schedule.
  2. 2) Take Care of the System.
  3. 3) Know the Parts of Your System.
  4. 4) Check Other Possible Issues.

Should you empty septic tank?

If you maintain it correctly, you should rarely run into problems and rarely need to empty your tank. Ideally, you should only need to empty or “de-sludge” your septic tank every 1 to 2 years or so. However, this can vary depending on the size of the tank and the number of occupants in your home.

How to Care for Your Septic System

Septic system maintenance is neither difficult or expensive, and it does not have to be done frequently. The maintenance of a vehicle is comprised of four major components:

  • Inspect and pump your drainfield on a regular basis
  • Conserve water
  • Dispose of waste properly
  • And keep your drainfield in good condition.

Inspect and Pump Frequently

Inspection of the ordinary residential septic system should be performed by a septic service specialist at least once every three years. Household septic tanks are normally pumped every three to five years, depending on how often they are used. Alternative systems that use electrical float switches, pumps, or mechanical components should be examined more frequently, typically once a year, to ensure that they are in proper working order. Because alternative systems contain mechanical components, it is essential to have a service contract.

  • The size of the household
  • The total amount of wastewater produced
  • The amount of solids present in wastewater
  • The size of the septic tank

Service provider coming? Here is what you need to know.

When you contact a septic service provider, he or she will inspect your septic tank for leaks as well as the scum and sludge layers that have built up over time. Maintain detailed records of any maintenance work conducted on your septic system. Because of the T-shaped outlet on the side of your tank, sludge and scum will not be able to escape from the tank and travel to the drainfield region. A pumping is required when the bottom of the scum layer or the top of the sludge layer is within six inches of the bottom of the outlet, or if the top of the sludge layer is within 12 inches of the bottom of the outlet.

In the service report for your system, the service provider should mention the completion of repairs as well as the condition of the tank.

An online septic finder from the National Onsite Wastewater Recycling Association (NOWRA) makes it simple to identify service specialists in your region.

Use Water Efficiently

In a normal single-family house, the average indoor water consumption is about 70 gallons per person, per day, on average. A single leaking or running toilet can waste as much as 200 gallons of water each day, depending on the situation. The septic system is responsible for disposing of all of the water that a residence sends down its pipes. The more water that is conserved in a household, the less water that enters the sewage system. A septic system that is operated efficiently will operate more efficiently and will have a lower chance of failure.

  • Approximately 70 gallons of indoor water are consumed by each individual in a normal single-family house on a daily basis. A single leaking or running toilet can waste as much as 200 gallons of water each day, depending on how often it occurs. Septic systems collect and treat all of the water that a household sends down its pipes. When a family conserves water, less water is discharged into a storm drain or into the septic tank. Improved septic system performance and reduced failure risk are two benefits of water conservation. With the Environmental Protection Agency’s WaterSense program, you may conserve water in a variety of ways and buy goods that are more water-efficient.

Properly Dispose of Waste

Everything that goes down your drains, whether it’s flushed down the toilet, ground up in the trash disposal, or poured down the sink, shower, or bath, ends up in your septic system, which is where it belongs. What you flush down the toilet has an impact on how effectively your septic system functions.

Toilets aren’t trash cans!

Your septic system is not a garbage disposal system.

A simple rule of thumb is to never flush anything other than human waste and toilet paper down the toilet. Never flush a toilet:

  • Cooking grease or oil
  • Wipes that are not flushable, such as baby wipes or other wet wipes
  • Photographic solutions
  • Feminine hygiene items Condoms
  • Medical supplies such as dental floss and disposable diapers, cigarette butts and coffee grounds, cat litter and paper towels, pharmaceuticals, and household chemicals such as gasoline and oil, insecticides, antifreeze, and paint or paint thinners

Toilet Paper Needs to Be Flushed! Check out this video, which demonstrates why the only item you should flush down your toilet are toilet paper rolls.

Think at the sink!

Your septic system is made up of a collection of living organisms that digest and treat the waste generated by your household. Pouring pollutants down your drain can kill these organisms and cause damage to your septic system as well as other things. Whether you’re at the kitchen sink, the bathtub, or the utility sink, remember the following:

  • If you have a clogged drain, avoid using chemical drain openers. To prevent this from happening, use hot water or a drain snake
  • Never dump cooking oil or grease down the sink or toilet. It is never a good idea to flush oil-based paints, solvents, or huge quantities of harmful cleansers down the toilet. Even latex paint waste should be kept to a bare minimum. Disposal of rubbish should be avoided or limited to a minimum. Fats, grease, and particles will be considerably reduced in your septic tank, reducing the likelihood of your drainfield being clogged.

Own a recreational vehicle (RV), boat or mobile home?

If you have ever spent any time in an RV or boat, you are undoubtedly familiar with the issue of aromas emanating from sewage holding tanks.

  • The National Small Flows Clearinghouse’s Septic System Care hotline, which may be reached toll-free at 800-624-8301, has a factsheet on safe wastewater disposal for RV, boat, and mobile home owners and operators.

Maintain Your Drainfield

It is critical that you maintain the integrity of your drainfield, which is a component of your septic system that filters impurities from the liquid that emerges from your septic tank once it has been installed. Here are some things you should do to keep it in good condition:

  • Parking: Do not park or drive on your drainfield at any time. Plan your tree plantings so that their roots do not grow into your drainfield or septic system. An experienced septic service provider can recommend the appropriate distance for your septic tank and surrounding landscaping, based on your specific situation. Locating Your Drainfield: Keep any roof drains, sump pumps, and other rainfall drainage systems away from the drainfield area. Excess water causes the wastewater treatment process to slow down or halt completely.

How Does a Septic Tank Work?

Mr. Fix-It-Up-For-The-Family You may save a lot of money if you understand how a sewage treatment system works—and what can go wrong—so that you can handle your own septic system maintenance.

How does a septic tank work?

Mr. Fix-It-Up-For-Us. By understanding how a septic tank works—and what may go wrong with it—you will be able to save a lot of money on septic system maintenance in the future.

Understand that a septic system is a cafeteria for bacteria

Bacteria are responsible for the proper operation of a septic system. They decompose garbage, resulting in water that is clean enough to safely trickle down into the earth’s surface. The entire system is set up to keep bacteria healthy and busy at all times. Some of them reside in the tank, but the majority of them are found in the drain field. 1. The septic tank is the final destination for all waste. 2. The majority of the tank is filled with watery waste, referred to as “effluent.” Anaerobic bacteria begin to break down the organic matter in the effluent as soon as it enters the system.

  • A layer of sludge settles to the bottom of the container.
  • 4.
  • Scum is mostly constituted of fats, greases, and oils, among other substances.
  • Grease and oils float to the surface of the water.
  • (5) A filter stops the majority of particles from reaching the exit pipe.
  • The effluent is discharged into the drain field.
  • Effluent is allowed to leak into the surrounding gravel because of holes in the drain septic field pipe.
  • The garbage is completely decomposed by aerobic bacteria found in gravel and dirt.
  • Potable water seeps into the groundwater and aquifer system from the surface.

Septic Tank Clean Out: Don’t abuse the system

Septic systems that have been correctly planned and constructed require just occasional ‘pumping’ to remove the sludge and scum that has built up inside the tank.

However, if you don’t understand how a septic tank works, you may unintentionally hurt or even destroy the system.

  • Drains are used to dispose of waste that decomposes slowly (or not at all). Cigarette butts, diapers, and coffee grounds are all known to cause issues. Garbage disposers, if utilized excessively, can introduce an excessive amount of solid waste into the system. Lint from synthetic fibers is emitted from washing machine lint traps. This substance is not degraded by bacteria in the tank and drain septic field. Bacteria are killed by chemicals found in the home, such as disinfecting cleansers and antibacterial soaps. The majority of systems are capable of withstanding limited usage of these goods, but the less you use them, the better. When a large amount of wastewater is produced in a short period of time, the tank is flushed away too quickly. When there is too much sludge, bacteria’s capacity to break down waste is reduced. Sludge can also overflow into the drain field if there is too much of it. Sludge or scum obstructs the flow of water via a pipe. It is possible for tree and shrub roots to obstruct and cause harm to a drain field. Compacted soil and gravel prevent wastewater from seeping into the ground and deprive germs of oxygen. Most of the time, this is caused by vehicles driving or parking on the drain field.
See also:  What Will Happen If You Don'T Maintain Your Septic Tank? (TOP 5 Tips)

Get your tank pumped…

Your tank must be emptied on a regular basis by a professional. Pumping eliminates the accumulation of sludge and scum that has accumulated in the tank, which has caused the bacterial action to be slowed. If you have a large tank, it may be necessary to pump it once a year; but, depending on the size of your tank and the quantity of waste you send through the system, you may go two or three years between pumpings. Inquire with your inspector about an approximate guideline for how frequently your tank should be pumped.

…but don’t hire a pumper until you need it

Inspections and pumping should be performed on a regular basis. However, if you’re not afraid of getting your hands dirty, you may verify the sludge level yourself with a gadget known as The Sludge Judge. It ranges in price from $100 to $125 and is commonly accessible on the internet. Once you’ve verified that your tank is one-third full with sludge, you should contact a professional to come out and pump it out completely.

Install an effluent filter in your septic system

Garbage from your home accumulates into three distinct strata. The septic filter is responsible for preventing blockage of the drain field pipes.

Septic tank filter close-up

The septic tank filter is responsible for capturing suspended particles that may otherwise block the drain field pipes. Obtain an effluent filter for your tank from your contractor and place it on the outflow pipe of your tank. (It will most likely cost between $50 and $100, plus labor.) This device, which helps to prevent sediments from entering the drain field, will need to be cleaned out on a regular basis by a contractor to maintain its effectiveness.

Solution for a clogged septic system

If your septic system becomes clogged and you find yourself having to clean the filter on a regular basis, you might be tempted to simply remove the filter altogether. Hold on to it. Solids, wastewater, and scum are separated into three levels in septic tanks, which allows them to function properly (see illustration above). Solids sink to the bottom of the container, where microbes breakdown them. The scum, which is made up of trash that is lighter than water, rises to the surface. In the drainage field, the middle layer of effluent leaves the tank and goes through an underground network of perforated pipes to the drainage field.

  • Keep the effluent filter in place since it is required by your state’s health law.
  • Waste particles might flow through the filter and clog the perforated pipes if the filter is not used.
  • Your filter, on the other hand, should not require cleaning every six months.
  • A good chance is high that you’re flushing filter-clogging things down the toilet, such as grease, fat, or food scraps.
  • A garbage disposal will not be able to break down food particles sufficiently to allow them to flow through the septic tank filtration system.
  • Plastic items, disposable diapers, paper towels, nonbiodegradable goods, and tobacco products will clog the system if they are flushed through it.

For additional information on what should and should not be flushed down the toilet, contact your local health authority. More information on removing lint from your laundry may be found here.

Get an inspection

Following a comprehensive first check performed by an expert, regular inspections will cost less than $100 each inspection for the next year. Your professional will be able to inform you how often you should get your system inspected as well as how a septic tank functions. As straightforward as a septic system appears, determining its overall condition necessitates the services of a professional. There are a plethora of contractors who would gladly pump the sludge out of your tank, but many, in my experience, are unable to explain how a septic system works or how it should be maintained.

A certification scheme for septic contractors has been established in certain states; check with your state’s Secretary of State’s office to see whether yours is one of them.

Also, a qualified inspector will be able to tell you whether or not your tank is large enough to accommodate your household’s needs, as well as the maximum amount of water that can be passed through it in a single day.

As you learn more about how a septic tank works, your professional should be able to tell you whether or not your system will benefit from this treatment.

Alternatives to a new drain field

If an examination or a sewage backup indicate that your drain field is in need of replacement, the only option is to replace it completely. As a result, it’s important to talk with a contractor about other possibilities before proceeding with the project.

  • Pipes should be cleaned. A rotating pressure washer, used by a contractor, may be used to clean out the drain septic field pipes. The cost of “jetting” the pipes is generally around $200. Chemicals should be used to clean the system. A commercial solution (not a home-made one) that enhances the quantity of oxygen in the drain field should be discussed with your contractor before installing your new system. Septic-Scrub is a product that I suggest. A normal treatment will cost between $500 and $1,000. Make the soil more pliable. The practice of “terra-lifting,” which involves pumping high-pressure air into several spots surrounding the drain field, is authorized in some regions. Some contractors use it to shatter compacted dirt around the pipes. Depending on the circumstances, this might cost less than $1,000 or as much as $4,000 or more.

Protect your drain septic field from lint

When this device is in place, it inhibits lint from entering the system, especially synthetic fibers that bacteria are unable to digest. One of these filters, which I’ve designed and termed theSeptic Protector, was invented by me. An additional filter is included in the price of around $150 plus delivery. Learn more about how to filter out laundry lint in this article.

Don’t overload the septic system

This device prevents lint from entering the system, particularly synthetic fibers, which bacteria are unable to digest and hence cause infection. Septic Protector is the name I gave to one of these filters that I designed myself. An additional filter is included in the price of roughly $150 plus delivery. See this article for further information on how to filter out lint from your clothes.

Meet the Expert

Septic systems, according to Jim vonMeier, are the solution to America’s water deficit because they supply cleaned water to depleted aquifers, according to vonMeier. He travels the country lobbying for septic systems, giving lectures, and giving testimony. For septic system inquiries, as well as information on the operation of the septic tank, contact him by email.

The Key Components of a Septic System

Those who own septic tank systems should be familiar with its operation so that they may identify problems before they become costly repairs. There are four major components to your septic tank system. Consider each one of them in further detail now. The pipe that connects your house to the tank The line that connects your house’s bathrooms to your septic tank is the first critical component of your septic system. This pipe is responsible for transporting all waste items from your toilets to your septic tank and back.

  1. Septic Tanks are a type of septic tank that is used to dispose of waste.
  2. Your septic tank collects and stores all of the waste items generated by your property, preventing them from spilling into the ground around your home.
  3. Certain types of waste are prevented from reaching the drain field by compartments within the tank.
  4. Drainage Field (also known as a drainage field) is a field that drains water from a building or a structure.
  5. Afterwards, the wastewater is cleansed even more thoroughly by the soil in the drain field.
  6. The Soil Surrounding the Tank is an important consideration.
  7. When wastewater from your tank travels into your drain field, the soil filters out hazardous bacteria and viruses, ensuring that the effluent is safe to discharge into the environment.

A healthy soil environment is required for a septic system to function properly. Whenever you have any concerns concerning the critical components of your septic tank system, contact the experts at Affordable Pumping Services for answers.

Septic System Basics

When a household isn’t connected to a public sewage system, it normally relies on septic systems to treat and dispose of wastewater. Sewage treatment systems require a substantial financial commitment. The correct maintenance and upkeep of a well-designed, installed, and maintained system will provide years of dependable and low-cost service. The failure of a system can become a source of pollution and public health concern, resulting in property damage, ground and surfacewater pollution (such as contamination of well water used by you and your neighbors), and the spread of disease.

Aside from that, if you are planning to sell your property, your septic system has to be in good functioning order.

Septic systems are available in a variety of configurations to accommodate a wide range of soil and site conditions.

A conventional septic tank system is composed of three major components:

  • This is known as the Septic Tank. In order to remove particles from wastewater, store and partially decompose as much solid material as possible, while allowing the liquid (or effluent) to flow to the drainfield, a septic tank must be installed. more
  • The Drainage System After the particles have settled in the septic tank, the liquid wastewater (also known as effluent) is released to the drainfield, which is also known as an absorption or leach field, or both. more
  • The Soil is a very important factor. The soil under the drainfield is responsible for the ultimate treatment and disposal of the septic tank effluent once it has been treated. Following the passage of wastewater into the soil, organisms in the soil remediate the effluent before it percolates downward and outward, eventually entering ground or surface water sources. A drainfield’s efficacy is also affected by the kind of soil
  • For example, clay soils may be too tight to allow much wastewater to run through, while gravelly soil may be too coarse to give much treatment.
  • Septic System Inspection Done at Home In order to aid you in examining your system, a VideoField Guide and Checklist may be available at the bottom of the homepage.

Homeowners and residents have a significant impact on the functioning of their septic systems. Overloading the system with more water than it is capable of handling might result in system failure. A septic system can also be damaged by the improper disposal of chemicals or excess organic waste, such as that produced by a trash disposal. The following maintenance suggestions might assist you in ensuring that your system provides long-term, effective treatment of domestic waste.

Inspect and Pump Frequently

The most critical step in keeping your septic tank in good working order is to eliminate sludge and scum build-up before it may flow into the drainfield. The frequency with which your tank has to be pumped is determined by the size of the tank, the number of people in your family, the quantity of water utilized, and the amount of solids (from humans, garbage disposal, and any other waste) that enter the tank’s drainage system. Tanks should be pumped out on average every 3 to 5 years, depending on usage.

  • Septic Inspection and Pumping Guide
  • Inspecting Your Septic Tank
  • Septic Inspection and Pumping Guide

Use Water Efficiently

System failure is frequently caused by an excessive amount of water. The soil beneath the septic system must be able to absorb all of the water that is used in the residence. Too much water from the washing machine, dishwasher, toilets, bathtubs, and showers may not provide enough time for sludge and scum to separate properly in the drain. The less water that is consumed, the less water that enters the septic system, reducing the likelihood of system failure. For further information on water conservation, visit:

  • Indoor Water Conservation
  • Every gallon of water conserved equates to a savings of $1.00.

Minimize Solid Waste Disposal

What you flush down the toilet can have a significant influence on the performance of your septic system.

Many things do not breakdown properly, and as a result, they accumulate in your septic tank. If you have the option of disposing of it in another manner, do so rather than introducing it into your system.

Keep Chemicals Out of Your System

Protect your septic system against home chemicals such as caustic drain openers, paint and pesticides. Also avoid flushing down the toilet with chemicals such as brake fluid, gasoline, and motor oil. The improper dumping of dangerous substances down the drain is damaging to the environment, as well as the bacteria that are necessary for the breakdown of wastes in a septic system, and should be avoided.

Septic System Additives

It is not essential to add a stimulant or an enhancer to a septic tank in order to assist it in functioning or “to restore bacterial equilibrium.” The naturally occurring bacteria required for the proper operation of the septic system are already present in human excrement. Septic systems, like automobiles, are designed to offer long-term, effective treatment of residential waste if they are properly run and maintained on a regular basis. The majority of systems that fail prematurely, on the other hand, are the result of poor maintenance.

In the event that your septic system fails, call Thurston County Environmental Health at 360-867-2673 for assistance.

  • Odors, surface sewage, moist areas, or a dense growth of plants in the drainfield region are all possible problems. Backups from the plumbing or septic tank (which are often a dark liquid with a foul odor)
  • Fixtures that take a long time to drain
  • The plumbing system is making gurgling sounds. Your drainfield may be failing if you have a well and tests reveal the presence of coliform (bacteria) or nitrates in the water from it. Even in the midst of a drought, the drainfield is covered with lush green grass.
See also:  Septic Tank Die What Does It Show? (Perfect answer)

Septic systems operation and maintenance overview

Here’s a quick outline of what you’ll need to do to ensure that your system operates and maintains at peak efficiency and for the longest possible life.

  • Tank should be pumped on a regular basis. Check and pump the tank with the help of a professional. Conserve water and distribute its use over a longer period of time
  • Solids should be managed. Keep dangerous products out of the house
  • Allow the system to operate in its native state
  • Compaction of the drainfield should be avoided. Excessive water should not be introduced into the drainfield. The drainfield’s structural integrity must be maintained.

Pump tank regularly

  • Scum and sludge can accumulate in the drainfield and be swept away by the current. They will clog the drainfield, causing it to fail and necessitate the repair of the drainfield. The accumulation of scum and sludge in the tank lowers the amount of space available for wastewater storage.

How Often?

  • Many experts advocate pumping a tank every 2-3 years
  • However, this is dependent on the amount and quality of wastewater produced. It’s also possible to create your own pumping intervals. Immediately after having your tank pumped, you should have a septic specialist examine it on a yearly basis until the scum and sludge layers have accumulated to a point when pumping is required. This will be your pumping interval until your waste generation rates change (either because someone has left or because a garbage disposal, additional people in the home, or children reaching adolescence has been installed). Depending on how and when your waste generation rates change, you will have to adjust the pumping interval accordingly.

Have a professional inspect and pump the tank

As an informed consumer, you should insist that the expert follow Nebraska state-mandated processes, which include the following:

  • As an informed consumer, request that the expert adhere to Nebraska state-mandated processes, which include the following items:

Conserve water and spread usage over a period of time.

Why? The tank is constantly filled, with the exception of the time immediately following pumping.

  • The tank holds one gallon of wastewater, and for every gallon that enters, one gallon of effluent exits, entering the drain field. In order for the solids to separate in the tank, roughly 24 hours of retention time must be provided. It is possible that excessive water usage over a short period of time will prevent settling from taking place. Solids may be flushed out of the tank with the effluent
  • This is possible. In a tank, rapid water flow may cause a wave motion to form, scouring the bottom and resurrecting muck, which can then be flushed out of the tank with the effluent.


  • Laundry should be spread out throughout the course of the day, with 1-2 loads each day rather than 6 loads in one day. Reduce water use by installing low-flow aerators on shower heads and low-volume flush toilets (which use around 1.5 gallons each flush as opposed to previous models which used 6 to 7 gallons per flush)
  • Leaks should be repaired. Take brief showers
  • Turn off taps when shaving, brushing teeth, or doing other personal hygiene tasks. Inspect the washing machine to ensure that the load and water level settings (low, medium, and high) are acceptable.

Manage Solids

  • Solids in wastewater are referred to as scum or sludge. As a result, increased solids in the wastewater result in more frequent pumping owing to the accumulation of scum and sludge.


  • If you have a waste disposal, use it only when absolutely necessary. The usage of a garbage disposal on a regular basis creates additional solids. Depending on the circumstances, a tank may need to be pumped up to twice as often as a tank in a family that uses a trash disposal very sometimes or not at all. Instead, use compostable materials. Install an effluent filter on your septic tank with the help of a professional. It filters the effluent as it exits the tank, collecting suspended particulates in the process. The effluent filter is less expensive and less difficult to maintain than a blocked drainfield. Grease and oil should not be flushed down the toilet. It has the potential to block the pipes and cause scum development. Throw away cigarette butts, face tissue, diapers, paper toweling, and feminine items in the garbage together with other solid waste. Install a lint filter in the washing machine to keep the machine clean. Consider the fact that lint is removed from your clothing in the washer in the same way that it is removed from your clothes in the dryer. Lint may accumulate in the septic tank and produce scum or sludge, or it may remain floating in the tank and flow out with the effluent to the drain field. When at all possible, use liquid detergents. Powdered materials include additives that solidify as sludge. Make use of toilet tissue that decomposes quickly. Shaking your toilet paper in a covered jar filled with water will reveal its quality. After less than one minute of shaking, the paper should begin to show symptoms of collapse.

Keep Hazardous Materials Out

  • Pesticides (insecticides, herbicides, fungicides), medications, paints, paint thinners, solvents, and excess cleaning products are among the items that septic systems are not designed to handle. Septic systems are also not designed to handle pesticides (insecticides, herbicides, fungicides), medication, paints, paint thinners, solvents, and excess cleaning products. As a result of slowing down or killing beneficial soil microorganisms, and/or going to the groundwater table and contaminating it, these materials may contribute to system failure.


  • Don’t misuse or dispose of surplus materials such as pesticides (insecticides, herbicides, fungicides), pharmaceuticals, paints, paint thinners, solvents, and cleaning goods down the drain
  • Instead, recycle or compost the items. A system is capable of handling standard volumes of home cleaning agents, including antibacterial soaps, without requiring special attention. Use that is excessive may be damaging to the system. Excess quantities should be disposed of at a residential hazardous waste collection facility. It is best not to use automated toilet cleaning dispensers that include bleach. These put a continual antibacterial agent into the tank, which might interfere with the initial treatment process.

Let the system work naturally

  • It is normal for good bacteria, which are required for early treatment, to be introduced into the septic tank by toilet usage and other wastewater creation
  • Pumping does not eradicate beneficial bacteria from the tank. With the initial flush after pumping, more germs are reintroduced into the system.


  • Use of septic starters, additives, or feeders is not recommended. Some are ineffective and, as a result, are a waste of money. It’s possible that others will truly harm your system.

Avoid Drainfield Compaction

  • Aerobic bacteria are an essential component of the treatment process that takes place in the soil. Pores in the earth are responsible for retaining air. Compaction will limit the porosity of the soil, and as a result, the amount of air accessible in the soil will decrease.


  • It is not permitted to drive or park automobiles or agricultural machinery on the drainfield. Keep dog kennels and animal confinement facilities away from drainfields
  • Do not build patios, decks, driveways, garages, or any other structures over the drainfield.

Avoid Introducing Excess Water to the Drainfield

  • Excess water in the drainfield will fill soil pore spaces with water that does not require treatment, taking up valuable space that could be used for oxygen and/or wastewater.


  • Roof drains, downspouts, and basement drainage should be diverted. Water should be tiled outside the septic system and away from the drainfield. Irrigate only when absolutely necessary in the drainfield area. Always avoid flooding the drainfield region with huge volumes of water.

Maintain structural integrity of the drainfield.

  • Do not add dirt to the area except to fill in minor depressions to prevent water from accumulating
  • Keep rats and burrowing animals away from your home. Establish and maintain a grassy buffer zone around the drainage field. It is not permissible to put trees on or near the drainfield. It will be harmed by the roots.

For NEW systems, maintain a replacement drainfield area.

  • It is required by regulations that newly constructed systems include a reserve area for replacement in the event that the first drainfield fails
  • This reserve area must be handled in the same manner as the first drainfield.

How Does My Septic System Work?

With septic systems, we can enjoy the comfort of indoor plumbing without having to worry about how to dispose of our household waste in an efficient and safe manner. But do you truly understand how your septic system works? Read on to find out. Learn more about the components of your septic system and how they work below. Understanding how your septic system works is essential for ensuring that it is properly utilized and maintained.

Common Parts of a Septic System

A septic system is not necessary a complicated system, and each of its components works together to ensure that the waste generated by your family is properly kept and disposed of as soon as possible.

Septic Tank

Located beneath the earth on your property, a septic tank is a huge rectangular or cylindrical container composed of concrete, fiberglass, or polyethylene that collects and treats waste. They are used for homes that do not have access to a sewer system, which is most frequent in rural regions.


Septic tank sewage is channeled into your yard by a network of pipework known as the drainfield. Wastewater is normally held in the septic tank for two days before being discharged to the drainfield in the yard. This section of your septic system consists of lengthy lengths of pipe, referred to as “drainpipes,” that are punctured with small holes to allow for the release of waste. In the event that sediments accumulate in drainfields and are not adequately pushed away, the drainfield may get clogged.

It is possible that these obstructions are produced by an inadequately sized septic tank, infrequent pumping of the septic tank, or by a large amount of water. If you find any of the following, your drainfield may be clogged:

  • The presence of greener grass over the drainfield
  • Unusual scents in your yard
  • And plumbing backups a squishy or muddy surface

If your drainfield becomes clogged, your complete septic system will be unable to work correctly. It is preferable to hire skilled underground service specialists to take care of the problem.

Pump Tanks

Even though pump tanks are not a required component of your septic system, they are highly suggested in order to guarantee that the system operates and maintains itself properly. Pump tanks are made up of the following components:

  • Pumping of effluents It catches sediments before they leave the tank, preventing them from being discharged into the drainfield, which helps to keep the drainfield from being clogged. Control floats in mid-air. It is connected to a control panel and sends signals to tell the panel when to turn the pump on and off. A high-water alarm has been activated. When the pump fails to function properly, this feature is activated to signal an excessive volume of waste in the septic tank. In most cases, it is found under the kitchen sink or in the garage.

The best course of action for homeowners who have a high-water alarm activated is to conserve water and have a professional septic system specialist assess the water levels.

Distribution Box

The distribution box, which is positioned between the septic tank and the drainfield, is meant to transport wastewater evenly across the drainfield lines, which are connected to the septic tank.

Leach Drain Field

Often referred to as the septic field, the leach field is a component of your septic system that accepts wastewater from the septic tank. It refers to the network of drainpipes, stones, and a layer of unsaturated soil that make up the drainage system. It moves trash into the soil, where it is eventually re-circulated back into the groundwater supply.

How a Septic System Works

Often referred to as the septic field, the leach field is a component of your septic system that accepts wastewater from your septic tank. A network of drainpipes, stones, and an unsaturated soil layer are referred to as a drainage network. It moves trash into the soil, where it is eventually re-circulated back into the groundwater table.

  1. Sludge is a term that refers to heavy things (such as solid food waste, excrement, and toilet paper) that collect at the bottom of a tank and accumulate there. Natural bacteria break down the particles in the tank over time, allowing them to be drained out of the tank as scum. These are lighter items (soaps, oils, and grease) that float to the surface of the septic tank
  2. Liquid (Effluent) wastewater
  3. And solid (Sludge) wastewater. Water that remains in the tank is pumped to the drainfield, which is located in the centre of the tank.

In the end, everything that goes into your septic tank will decompose and produce effluent wastewater, which will then be discharged into your drainfield. This wastewater has been processed (thanks to the bacteria) and is released down the drain pipes before being filtered by the soil. The wastewater is subsequently absorbed, treated, and dispersed by the soil until it finally seeps into the groundwater table. As a natural filter, the soil eliminates dangerous germs and viruses while also absorbing nutrients.

Septic System Issues

In the end, everything that goes into your septic tank will decompose and produce effluent wastewater, which will then be discharged to your drainfield. It is released through the drain pipes and is filtered through the soil since the wastewater has been prepared (thanks to microorganisms). The wastewater is then absorbed, treated, and dispersed by the soil until it ultimately seeps into the groundwater table and becomes contaminated. Naturally occurring bacteria and viruses are removed from the soil, and nutrients are readily absorbed by the plant roots.

  • Eventually, everything that is dumped into your septic tank will decompose and produce effluent wastewater, which will then depart the tank into the drainfield. This wastewater is released through the drain pipes and is filtered by the soil as a result of the bacteria present. The wastewater is subsequently absorbed, treated, and dispersed by the soil until it ultimately seeps into the groundwater. As a natural filter, the soil eliminates dangerous germs and viruses while simultaneously absorbing nutrients.
See also:  What Is The Distance Between Septic Tank And Well In N.C? (Solution)

In order to avoid problems with your septic system, it is important to be aware of the substances and products that you are releasing into your home’s plumbing system at all times. It is preferable to use phosphate-free detergents and cleaning products that are specifically intended for septic systems. These products degrade more quickly and will help to keep your system from being blocked in the future. Also, be mindful of what you are flushing down the toilet. Everything plastic and non-biodegradable, such as paper towels and sanitary tampons, is not intended to break down in a septic tank and should be avoided.

A regular pumping and maintenance schedule is a certain method to keep your septic system operating at full efficiency.

If you need your septic system maintained or repaired by professionals, please call Peak SewerUnderground Services. We are accessible 24 hours a day, seven days a week to answer your inquiries and handle your issues! Get in Touch With Us

Understanding the Function of 3 Key Septic System Components – Dugger’s Septic Cleaning

Because septic systems are frequently hidden below, many homeowners are ignorant of the functions of the various components. Knowing the role that each component plays in home waste treatment will put you in a better position to manage equipment requirements and spot problems as soon as they develop. The fundamental function of three separate sections is described in further detail below.

3 Critical Septic System ComponentsHow Each Works

Waste is channeled down drains and into a septic tank, which serves as a holding tank. The wasted material is held in the vessel for a long enough period of time to split into three layers. The scum layer, which is located at the top of the tank and includes oil and grease, is a nuisance. During the settling process, lighter particles fall to the bottom and create the sludge layer, while heavier particles settle in the center. The sludge remains in the tank after the wastewater has been sent to another treatment facility for further treatment.

It is also possible that the liquid will seep through the earth and settle in the yard.

2. Distribution Box

When the effluent is ready to be discharged from the holding tank, it runs through an effluent line to the distribution box. Through a network of absorption pipelines, the liquid is re-distributed to the leach field where it is further processed. Leaks from distribution boxes are a prevalent concern that should be addressed as soon as possible. If groundwater seeps into the container, it has the potential to overflow and flood the leach field. An experienced expert can discover the cause of a problem during a septic maintenance inspection.

The cover may not stay in place unless a compressible rubber gasket is placed between the lid and box edges.

3. Leach Field

This field is made up of a series of perforated pipes that collect effluent from the distribution box and transport it to the leach field. The pipes are concealed in gravel-filled ditches that have been dug. The effluent is discharged gradually and filtered via the gravel before it is absorbed into the ground surface. Clogs in the pipes might be a problem, and this could result in backups throughout the entire septic tank system. The majority of the time, blockages occur when wastewater is contaminated with big particles.

It is also possible for invasive roots to damage pipelines and create floods in the yard, so be cautious about where you put plants.

Throughout the years, residential and commercial clients have relied on the Corbin, KY-based team for septic cleaning and pumping, new leach field lines, and other solutions to avoid performance issues.

When you need to book a service appointment in the Tri-State area, please contact (606) 528-3893. Visit the pumping service professionals’ website for a comprehensive list of the services they provide for your equipment.

40. Make Sure Your Septic System Operates Correctly

If you don’t maintain your septic system on a regular basis, thesystem could malfunction, possibly causing problems: contaminationof groundwater and surface water; spread of sewage-borne diseasessuch as cholera, typhoid fever, and more commonly, gastroenteritis;or costly damage to your home and septic system.The key factors in keeping a septic system operating properly areproper soil conditions, proper sizing of the system, and homeownermaintenance. Therefore, it’s important to know the basic componentsof the system and how to keep them functioning properly.
Theseptic tank is usually a concrete container that receives wastewaterfrom your bathroom, kitchen, and laundry room. It allows heavy particles,or sludge, to settle and light materials, or scum, to float. In thetank, bacteria break down some waste products, allowing liquids tomove into the absorption system.
Theabsorption system, or drainfield, consists of a distribution box,perforated distribution lines, and a soil area that has the capacityto accept wastewater. Wastewater from the septic tank moves throughthe drainfield, where harmful microorganisms, organic materials, andnutrients are removed.
Tohelp your septic system operate correctly, know the location of allof the parts of your system, and don’t run heavy vehicles over them.
Inthis photo, homeowners attempt to locate their septic tank.
Avoidplanting trees or shrubs near drain tiles. Their roots can clog drainlines. Also, divert surface runoff around the system, if possible.And be careful of what you dispose of in the toilet or in your drains.Household chemicals can destroy the bacteria that break down organicmaterial in your septic tank; garbage disposals can add unnecessarysolids and grease to your system; and non-biodegradable material canclog the absorption field.
Whena drainfield becomes clogged, it can no longer handle septic tankeffluent.
Conservewater whenever possible. To avoid overloading your system on any particularday, try to distribute throughout the week your laundry and otherchores that require heavy water use. Install a lint trap on the washingmachine because lint can clog the septic system.
Finally,monitor your septic tank annually, and have a reputable contractorpump it out every two to three years.
Insome cases, the tank may need to be pumped out even more frequently.

7 Steps For How Septic Tank Systems Work

7 Steps to Understanding How Septic Tank Systems Work How Do Septic Tank Systems Work? There are seven steps to follow.

How Do Septic Tank Systems Work?

How Septic Tank Systems Work in 7 Simple Steps How Septic Tank Systems Operate Can Be Explained in 7 Steps.

  • Gravity is used to transfer wastewater
  • A holding tank is used to retain wastewater
  • Anaerobic bacteria are found inside the tank
  • Drain fields are found outside the tank

Let’s take a look at the seven real phases that a septic tank system goes through. The video below demonstrates how the procedure works, and the steps are listed below the video as well. You may learn more about septic tanks in Hawaii by reading our guide on septic tanks in Hawaii.

The 7 Steps For How Septic Tank Systems Work

  1. Wastewater is discharged from the residence into the septic tank. A portion of the trash is broken down by anaerobic bacteria that live within the container. Solid garbage (inorganic stuff) sinks to the bottom of the ocean, whereas liquid waste (oils, fats, and grease) rises. It is possible that wastewater will flow into the drain field*. Aerobic microorganisms are used to further treat this effluent. Drainage of the now-clear water into the groundwater system As soon as the septic tank is completely filled, contact a contractor to come pump out the waste.

Sewage flows from the home into the septic tank; nevertheless, Some of the garbage is broken down by anaerobic bacteria that live inside it. Generally speaking, solid trash (inorganic stuff) sinks, and liquid waste (oil, fat, and grease) rises. It is possible for wastewater to infiltrate into the drain field*. Aerobic microorganisms are used to treat the wastewater further. Drainage of the now-pure water into the groundwater system As soon as the septic tank is completely filled, contact a contractor to come pump out the garbage;

Knowing How Your Septic System Works

It is critical to understand how a septic tank system operates. Due to a lack of knowledge, your system may fail, resulting in significant damage to your property. You may feel more confident in installing a septic tank in your Hawaiian house now that you understand how they function. You may find out more about our septic tank installation services.

Septic Tank Everything that goes down any of the drains in the house

Septic TankEverything that goes down any of the drains in the house (toilets, showers, sinks, laundry machines) travels first to the septic tank. The septic tank is a large-volume, watertight tank which provides initial treatment of the household wastewater by intercepting solids and settleable organic matterbefore disposal of the wastewater (effluent) to the drainfield.Function of the Septic TankHow Long Liquids Must Remain In TankSolids StorageAnaerobic DecompositionFlow Into And Out Of The TankEffluent FilterFlow BufferingMicrobes in Septic Tanks Digest, Dissolve, and Gasify Complex Organic Wastes.FUNCTION OF THE SEPTIC TANK While relatively simple in construction and operation, the septic tank provides a number of important functions through a complex interaction of physical and biological processes.

The essential functions of the septic tank are to: receive all wastewater from the house separate solids from the wastewater flow cause reduction and decomposition of accumulated solids provide storage for the separated solids (sludge and scum) pass the clarified wastewater (effluent) out to the drain field for final treatment and disposal.Primary TreatmentAs stated, the main function of the septic tank is to remove solids from thewastewater and provide a clarified effluent for disposal to the drain field.The septic tank provides a relatively quiescent body of water where thewastewater is retained long enough to let the solids separate by bothsettling and flotation.

  • This process is often called primary treatment andresults in three products: scum, sludge, and effluent.Scum: Substances lighter than water (oil, grease, fats) float to the top,where they form a scum layer.
  • Aerobic bacteria work at digesting floating solids.Sludge: The “sinkable” solids (soil, grit, bones, unconsumed food particles)settle to the bottom of the tank and form a sludge layer.
  • Underwater anaerobic bacteria consume organic materials in thesludge, giving off gases in the process and then, as they die off, becomepart of the sludge.Effluent: Effluent is the clarified wastewater left over after the scum hasfloated to the top and the sludge has settled to the bottom.
  • It flows through the septic tankoutlet into the drain field.Back to listingsHOW LONG LIQUIDS MUST REMAIN IN TANK Effective volume: The floating scum layer on top and the sludge layer on thebottom take up a certain amount of the total volume in the tank.

This is where the active solids separation occurs as thewastewater sits in the tank.Retention time: In order for adequate separation of solids to occur, thewastewater needs to sit long enough in the quiescent conditions of the tank.The time the water spends in the tank, on its way from inlet to outlet, isknown as the retention time.

Note that this is a minimum retentiontime, under conditions with a lot of accumulated solids in the tank.

If this process continues unchecked-if the accumulated solids are notcleaned out (pumped) often enough-wastewater will not spend enough time inthe tank for adequate separation of solids, and solids may flow out of thetank with the effluent into the drain field.

A general design rule is thatone-half to two-thirds of the tank volume is reserved for sludge and scumaccumulation.

However, the rate ofsolids accumulation varies greatly from one household to another, and actualstorage time can only be determined by routine septic tank inspections.Back to listingsANAEROBIC DECOMPOSITION While fresh solids are continually added to the scum and sludge layers,anaerobic bacteria (bacteria that live without oxygen) consume the organicmaterial in the solids.

This occurs primarily in the sludgelayer but also, to a lesser degree, in the scum layer.

While a certain amount of volume reduction occurs over time, sludgeand scum layers gradually build up in the tank and eventually must be pumpedout.Back to listingsFLOW INTO AND OUT OF THE TANK The inlet and outlet ports of the tank are generally equipped with devicessuch as baffles, concrete tees, or in more recent years, sanitary tees(T-shaped pipes with one short and one long leg).InletsThe inlet device dissipates the energy of the incoming flow and deflects itdownwards.

  1. The vertical leg of the tee extends below the liquid surface wellinto the clear space below the scum layer.
  2. The inlet device also is supposed to prevent short-circuiting offlows across the water surface directly to the outlet.The upper leg of the inlet should extend well above the liquid surface inorder to prevent floating scum from backing up into, and possibly plugging,the main inlet pipe.
  3. Asanitary tee can be used with the lower leg extending below the scum layer.The elevation of the outlet port should be 2 to 3 inches below the elevationof the inlet port.
  4. They range from 4 to 18inches in diameter.

Large surges from the household, such as toilet flushing orwashing machine drainage, are dampened by the septic tank so that the flowsleaving the tank and entering the drain field are at substantially lower flowrates and extend over a longer period of time than the incoming surges.Back to listingsMICROBES IN SEPTIC TANKS DIGEST, DISSOLVE, AND GASIFY COMPLEX ORGANIC WASTES In 1907, W.

Dunbar conducted tests on the decomposition of vegetable andanimal matter in septic tanks.

They first presented a swollenappearance, and increased in weight.

The edges of the cabbage leaves looked asthough they had been bitten, and similar signs of decomposition were visiblein the case of other substances.

At this stage I will only point out that the experiments wereso arranged that no portion of the substances could be washed away; theirdisappearance was therefore due to solution and gasification.”Back to listings

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *