Sand Filter This is one example of an alternative septic system without a leach field, which makes it compatible with environmentally sensitive areas. In some cases, the treated water can pass directly from the sand filtration system to the soil without needing to flow through more piping to a leach field.
- Green septic system with no drain field? Traditionally, that’s called an outhouse. Ironically, an outhouse is probably more environmentally benign than a conventional septic system, since private septic systems are the primary source of groundwater pollution in the US.
Can you have a septic tank without a leach field?
The waste from most septic tanks flows to a soakaway system or a drainage field. If your septic tank doesn’t have a drainage field or soakaway system, the waste water will instead flow through a sealed pipe and empty straight into a ditch or a local water course.
How do I know if my septic tank has a drainage field?
Some of the signs that your property has a septic tank are:
- The tank needing to be emptied each year.
- 2, 3 or 4 manholes in close proximity to each other above ground.
- Possible vent pipes above ground – these take unpleasant smells and gasses from the tank and distribute them into the air.
Is a leach field necessary?
Septic System without A Leach Field You can probably guess, now, that a septic system is incomplete without a leach field. With only a septic tank, you can find yourself needing to empty the tank almost monthly! That is because the leach field is responsible for safely getting rid of the wastewater.
How much does a new leach field cost?
Although costs vary according to the size of the leach field, soils and costs of local permits, expect to pay between $5,000 and $20,000 for leach field replacement. It is the most expensive component of the septic system.
Are septic tanks still legal?
Septic Tanks Explained… Septic tanks cannot discharge to surface water drains, rivers, canals, ditches, streams or any other type of waterway. you are required to upgrade or replace your septic tank treatment system to a full sewage treatment plant by 2020, or when you sell a property, if it’s prior to this date.
What can I use instead of a septic tank?
Alternative Septic Systems
- Raised Bed (Mound) Septic Tank Systems. A raised bed drain field (sometimes called a mound) is just like what it sounds.
- Aerobic Treatment Systems (ATS) Aerobic systems are basically a small scale sewage treatment system.
- Waterless Systems.
How deep should septic drain field be?
A typical drainfield trench is 18 to 30 inches in depth, with a maximum soil cover over the disposal field of 36 inches.
How far does a drainage field have to be from a house?
Drainage fields must be a minimum of 10m from a watercourse, 50m from a water abstraction point and 15m from a building. They should also be sufficiently far away enough from any other drainage fields, mounds or soakaways so that the soakage capacity of the ground is not exceeded.
How long will a drain field last?
It’s important to consider the life expectancy of a drain-field, too. Under normal conditions and good care, a leach-field will last for 50 years or more. Concrete septic tanks are sturdy and reliable but not indestructible. The biggest risk is exposing the concrete to acidic substances.
What happens if my land doesn’t perk?
NO PERC, NO HOUSE On rural sites without municipal sewage systems, a failed perc test means that no house can be built – which is why you should make any offer to purchase land contingent on the site passing the soil and perc tests.
How deep is a leach field buried?
A typical drainfield trench is 18 to 30 inches in depth, with a maximum soil cover over the disposal field of 36 inches.
What is the difference between a septic tank and a leach field?
The septic tank stores solid waste products that are not reduced to liquid effluent until you have them pumped out and disposed of properly. The leech field is a series of perforated pipes that provide an effective means for disposing of contaminates without endangering animals or contaminating the ground water.
How do you know if you need a new leach field?
The following are a few common signs of leach field failure: Grass over leach field is greener than the rest of the yard. The surrounding area is wet, mushy, or even has standing water. Sewage odors around drains, tank, or leach field.
Can a drain field be repaired?
There’s usually no repair for a drainfield that has failed. You probably need to replace some or all of your system.
How do you rejuvenate a leach field?
Professionals take a high pressure water spray to clean and unclog your sewer lines, drains, and the leach field. Once the pipes are free from sludge and other debris causing the clogs, the septic system will be able to rejuvenate itself once again.
Can You Have a Septic Tank Without a Leach Field at Home?
This is a question that is frequently posed in Northern Indiana. “Can I have a septic tank without a leach field?” the homeowner inquires. During this blog post, we’ll take a deeper look at that question. First and foremost, we must clarify the nature of the question. Interested in learning if you can build a new septic system for a new home that is equipped with only a septic tank and no leach field? If this is the case, the plain and simple response is no. Those codes are written by the Indiana State Department of Health (ISDH), which is in charge of regulating septic systems in the state.
This implies that new house construction must be supplied by an aseptic system, which includes not just a septic tank, but also a system for treating wastewater and releasing the treated water back into the environment.
What about an existing home whose old system has problems, is failing, and needs replaced?
For properties whose septic systems have failed and are in need of repair or replacement, the ISDH has included measures in its codes to address this situation. Wastewater will be treated on-site as long as there is adequate space on the land, taking into consideration any setbacks (50 feet from well, for example). A holding tank may be placed on an existing property if there is inadequate room owing to small lots that were platted many years ago, resulting in an inability to fulfill setbacks, such as 25′ from a body of water, and there are no other choices.
Our area in Northern Indiana is home to a large number of lakes, each of which has a number of small lots marked around its perimeter many years ago, with a number of older homes built on them.
Because of the limited physical lot sizes, it is common that when you remove everything within a 50-foot radius of the well, a 50-foot radius of all surrounding wells, and 25-foot radius of the lake’s border, there is actually no land left to safely treat the wastewater.
Let’s look at the question from an alternative angle…
For example, you can have an ancient farmhouse that was built a hundred years ago, and no one knows where the septic tank is, or if it even has one at all. No records exist since the county no longer maintains such kind of documents, which dates back many years. Moreover, you might be thinking, “Where does my wastewater go?” You may be the owner of a septic tank that does not have a leach field in this situation! Many years ago, in the history of mankind.there was a time when builders created houses in the country that were fed by septic tanks, but the wastewater ran directly from the septic tank through a drainage pipe, finally ending up in a stream or drainway.
As a result, these systems are no longer lawful, and the state has mandated that they not be fixed until they are brought up to code.
In order to bring a system like this up to code, it will be necessary to include a leach field component that will treat the wastewater before it is released back into the environment.
Call Shankster Bros. today for all your septic system problems and needs!
Perhaps you own an ancient farmhouse that was built more than a century ago, and no one knows where the septic tank is, or even whether it has one at all! No records exist since the county no longer maintains such kind of documents, which dates back decades. Additionally, you may be thinking, “Where does my wastewater go?” You may be the owner of a septic tank that does not have a leach field in this situation! Many years ago, in the history of mankind.there was a time when builders created houses in the country that were fed by septic tanks, but the wastewater ran directly from the septic tank through a drainage pipe, finally ending up in a stream or drain way.
As a result, these systems are no longer lawful, and the state has mandated that they not be fixed until they are brought up to current code.
- Conventional system, chamber system, drip distribution system, aerobic treatment unit, mound system, recirculating sand filter system, evapotranspiration system, constructed wetland system
As you can see, there are a plethora of options. Our explanations were brief, but we are pleased to give consultations on your alternatives over the phone if you want to speak with someone directly. Make a call to Septic Blue Septic Blue is pleased to serve the community as a septic service provider. Cleaning, installation, replacement, repairs, and maintenance of septic systems are all handled by our team of experienced professionals. If you ever require emergency septic service, our crew is available to assist you.
Alternative Septic Systems For Difficult Sites
This Article Discusses Mound Systems are a type of system that is used to build mounds. Alternative Systems are also available. View and post commentsQuestions Septic System FAQsView all articles on the SEPTIC SYSTEM If your lot does not pass the perc test, some towns may enable you to construct an engineered system as a backup plan if the perc test fails. For waterfront estates and other ecologically sensitive places, alternative water-treatment systems may also be necessary to aid in the protection of water supplies.
- A “mound” system operates in much the same way as a normal system, except that the leach field is elevated above the natural grade.
- They require more frequent monitoring and maintenance in order to avoid complications.
- It is possible that the technology will not operate as planned if either the designer or the installer is inexperienced with the technology.
- The design of a system is particular to the soil type, site circumstances, and degree of consumption that is being considered.
- Some states and municipalities will only accept system types that have been certified in their jurisdiction, and they may also demand that the owner maintain a service contract with a vendor that has been approved by the state or municipality.
When it comes to success with alternative systems, proper maintenance is essential.
Mound systems are often two to three times more expensive than ordinary septic systems, and they need more frequent monitoring and maintenance. To see a larger version, click here. Ohio State University Extension provides the following information: The mound is comprised of a network of tiny distribution pipes that are embedded in a layer of gravel on top of a layer of sand that is normally one to two feet deep. Topsoil is applied to the tops and sides of the structure (see illustration). A dosing chamber (also known as a pump chamber) is included in a mound system, and it is responsible for collecting wastewater that is discharged from the septic tank.
- Most feature an alarm system that notifies the owner or a repair company if the pump fails or if the water level in the tank increases to an unsafe level.
- Aside from that, monitoring wells are frequently placed to keep track on the conditions inside and outside the leach field.
- The most expensive items are the additional equipment, as well as the earthwork and other materials that are required to construct the mound.
- In extreme cases, a mound system can cost more than $20,000 in some locations.
- In certain cases, annual maintenance expenditures may exceed $500.
OTHER ALTERNATIVE SEPTIC SYSTEMS
Sand filters that do not have a bottom are frequent on coastal properties and other ecologically sensitive places. There is a large variety of alternative septic systems available on the market, with new ones being introduced on a regular basis. Some are designed at community systems that serve a number of houses, and they are often monitored and maintained by a professional service provider. Some alternative systems are well-suited to particular houses, albeit the costs, complexity, and upkeep of these systems must be carefully evaluated before implementing them.
Before the wastewater reaches the leach field, which serves as a miniature replica of a sewage-treatment plant, some larger community systems employ pre-treatment to reduce the amount of bacteria present.
There are numerous other versions and combinations of systems and components that may be employed, including the following:
- Sand filters that do not have a bottom are commonly seen on seaside properties and other ecologically sensitive places. The market offers a diverse selection of alternative septic systems, with new products being introduced on a regular basis. Some are designed at community systems that serve a number of households, and they are often monitored and maintained by a professional service firm. Some alternative systems are well-suited to particular houses, albeit the expense, complexity, and upkeep of these systems must be carefully evaluated before implementing them. A conventional method requires less monitoring and maintenance than an electric pump or siphon system, which is used by the vast majority. Before the wastewater reaches the leach field, which serves as a miniature replica of a sewage-treatment plant, some larger community systems utilize pre-treatment to reduce the amount of harmful bacteria present. While some single-family systems rely on the introduction of natural or artificial materials, most rely on the introduction of materials that need less surface area for leaching than would be required by the poorly draining native soils. Many different systems and components are employed in various combinations, and there are many different versions and combinations available.
- Septic system with alternative leach field made of plastic: This is a normal septic system with an alternative leach field that may be shrunk in some jurisdictions, making it ideally suited for tiny construction sites. Because the half-pipe plastic chambers provide a gap for effluent flow, there is no need for gravel in the system. Infiltrator System, for example, has been in service for more than two decades and, according to the manufacturer, can withstand traffic volumes with only 12 inches of compacted cover. The higher cost of the plastic components is somewhat countered by the lower cost of gravel and the smaller area of the drain field, respectively.
- Sand filter: This is a big sand-filled box that is 2-4 feet deep and has a waterproof lining made of concrete or polyvinyl chloride (PVC). Using filtration and anaerobic microorganisms, the sand is utilized to pre-treat wastewater before it is discharged into the leaching field. The boxes are often partially or completely buried in the ground, although they can also be elevated above ground level as necessary. While a pump and controls are typically used to equally administer the effluent on top of the filter, gravity distribution is also viable in some instances. The most common setup is shown in Figure 1. A collection tank at the bottom of the tank collects the treated effluent, which is either pumped or gravity-fed to the drain field. Some sand filters recycle the effluent back to the tank multiple times before discharging it into the drain field, while others do not. The majority of sand filters are used for pre-treatment, although they can also be utilized as the primary treatment in certain situations. A “bottomless sand filter” is used in this situation since the effluent drains straight into the soil underneath the filter (see photo above). A well designed and manufactured sand filter that is regularly maintained will prevent sand from being clogged on a consistent basis. More information about Sand Filters may be found here.
- Aerobic treatment system: These systems treat wastewater by the use of an aerobic process, which is normally carried out in an underground concrete tank with many chambers. Aeration, purification, and pumping of the effluent are all accomplished through the use of four chambers in the most complicated systems. The first chamber functions similarly to a smaller version of a regular septic tank in its function. An air pump is employed in the second “treatment” tank to ensure that the effluent is continually injected with fresh air. The presence of oxygen promotes the growth of aerobic bacteria, which are more effective in processing sewage than the anaerobic bacteria found in a standard septic system. It is possible to utilize a third and fourth chamber in certain systems to further clarify the water and to pump out the purified water. In addition, so-called “fixed-film” systems make use of a synthetic media filter to help the bacterial process go more quickly. In the correct hands, aerobic systems may create better-quality wastewater than a typical system, and they may also incorporate a disinfectant before the purified wastewater is discharged. A smaller drain field may be used in urban areas while a larger area may be sprayed across a whole field in rural areas. Technically speaking, they are tiny sewage treatment plants rather than septic systems, and they rely mostly on anaerobic treatment to accomplish their goals. They are referred to as ATUs in some circles (aerobic treatment units). Installation and maintenance of these systems are prohibitively expensive
- As a result, they are mostly employed in situations where high-quality treatment is required in a small area or with poor soils. A growing number of them are being built on beachfront sites. More information about Anaerobic Treatment Systems may be found here.
- Using a pump, wastewater is sent via a filtering mechanism and onto an array of shallow drip tubes that are spaced out across a vast area for irrigation. In order to send reasonably clean water to the system, a pretreatment unit is often necessary. Alternatively, the water may be utilized to irrigate a lawn or non-edible plants, which would help to eliminate nitrogen from the wastewater. This sort of system may be employed in shallow soils, clay soils, and on steep slopes, among other conditions. Frozen tubes can pose problems in cold areas since they are so close to the surface of the water. Expect hefty installation fees, as well as additional monitoring and maintenance, just as you would with other alternative systems.
- Wetlands that have been constructed. These are suitable for those who are environmentally conscious and wish to take an active role in the recycling of their wastewater. They may be used in practically any type of soil. An artificial shallow pond is used in the system, which is lined with rock, tire chippings, or other suitable medium and then filled with water. A pleasant atmosphere is created by the media, which serves as a habitat for particular plants that process wastewater and maintain the ecosystem. Wastewater from the septic tank is dispersed across the media bed through a perforated conduit, where plant roots, bacteria, and other microorganisms break down the contaminants in the water. The treated water is collected in a second pipe located at the back of the marsh. Household members must budget time for planting, pruning, and weeding in the wetlands area.
Additional resources: National Small Flows Clearinghouse Inspectapedia.com You may also be interested in:Who Should I Hire For Perc Test? Whether or not alternative septic systems are permitted. Is It Possible for Septic Systems to Last a Lifetime? How Much Slope Do You Need for a Septic Line? Performing an Inspection on a Septic System When Is the Best Time to Take a Perc Test? Should I use a Sand Filter with my existing septic system? Examination of the WellSEPTIC SYSTEMView allSEPTIC SYSTEMarticles Return to the top of the page
Septic system without drain field
In the backyard of the house we constructed last year, we have a massive septic mound that runs the length of the property. The septic provider recommended that we add fill to the front side of our mound when our yard was graded for landscaping, but we did not put any fill to the rear, which is why we have a mound. We will now jump ahead in time to this spring, when we will finally have grass to mow. The slope on the backside of the mound is so steep that I’m convinced it’s a lawnmower catastrophe waiting to occur!
I realize that they don’t want me to do anything on their advice that ends up backfiring, but we have to do something, and we have to do it quickly.
In contrast, while looking about at other neighbors’ mound systems, some of which may or may not have been placed by the same business, there are those that have been graded far more reasonably than others.
Is there any advice?
Types of Septic Systems
Septic system design and size can differ significantly from one neighborhood to the next, as well as throughout the country, due to a variety of variables. Household size, soil type, slope of the site, lot size, closeness to sensitive water bodies, weather conditions, and even municipal ordinances are all considerations to take into consideration. The following are 10 of the most often encountered septic system configurations. It should be noted that this is not an exhaustive list; there are several additional types of septic systems.
- Septic Tank, Conventional System, Chamber System, Drip Distribution System, Aerobic Treatment Unit, Mound Systems, Recirculating Sand Filter System, Evapotranspiration System, Constructed Wetland System, Cluster / Community System, etc.
This tank is underground and waterproof, and it was designed and built specifically for receiving and partially treating raw home sanitary wastewater.
Generally speaking, heavy materials settle at or near the bottom of the tank, whereas greases and lighter solids float to the surface. The sediments are retained in the tank, while the wastewater is sent to the drainfield for further treatment and dispersion once it has been treated.
Septic tanks and trench or bed subsurface wastewater infiltration systems are two types of decentralized wastewater treatment systems (drainfield). When it comes to single-family homes and small businesses, a traditional septic system is the most common type of system. For decades, people have used a gravel/stone drainfield as a method of water drainage. The term is derived from the process of constructing the drainfield. A short underground trench made of stone or gravel collects wastewater from the septic tank in this configuration, which is commonly used.
Effluent filters through the stone and is further cleaned by microorganisms once it reaches the soil below the gravel/stone trench, which is located below the trench.
Gravelless drainfields have been regularly utilized in various states for more than 30 years and have evolved into a standard technology that has mostly replaced gravel systems. Various configurations are possible, including open-bottom chambers, pipe that has been clothed, and synthetic materials such as expanded polystyrene media. Gravelless systems can be constructed entirely of recycled materials, resulting in considerable reductions in carbon dioxide emissions during their lifetime. The chamber system is a type of gravelless system that can be used as an example.
- The key advantage of the chamber system is the enhanced simplicity with which it can be delivered and built.
- This sort of system is made up of a number of chambers that are connected to one another.
- Wastewater is transported from the septic tank to the chambers through pipes.
- The wastewater is treated by microbes that live on or near the soil.
Drip Distribution System
An effluent dispersal system such as the drip distribution system may be employed in a variety of drainfield configurations and is very versatile. In comparison to other distribution systems, the drip distribution system does not require a vast mound of dirt because the drip laterals are only placed into the top 6 to 12 inches of soil. In addition to requiring a big dosage tank after the sewage treatment plant to handle scheduled dose delivery of wastewater to drip absorption areas, the drip distribution system has one major disadvantage: it is more expensive.
This method necessitates the use of additional components, such as electrical power, which results in a rise in costs as well as higher maintenance.
Aerobic Treatment Unit
Aerobic Treatment Units (ATUs) are small-scale wastewater treatment facilities that employ many of the same procedures as a municipal sewage plant. An aerobic system adds oxygen to the treatment tank using a pump. When there is an increase in oxygen in the system, there is an increase in natural bacterial activity, which then offers extra treatment for nutrients in the effluent. It is possible that certain aerobic systems may additionally include a pretreatment tank as well as a final treatment tank that will include disinfection in order to further lower pathogen levels.
ATUs should be maintained on a regular basis during their service life.
Using mound systems in regions with short soil depth, high groundwater levels, or shallow bedrock might be a good alternative. A drainfield trench has been dug through the sand mound that was erected. The effluent from the septic tank runs into a pump chamber, where it is pumped to the mound in the amounts recommended. During its release to the trench, the effluent filters through the sand and is dispersed into the native soil, where it continues to be treated. However, while mound systems can be an effective solution for some soil conditions, they demand a significant amount of land and require regular care.
Recirculating Sand Filter System
Sand filter systems can be built either above or below ground, depending on the use. The effluent is discharged from the septic tank into a pump compartment. Afterwards, it is pushed into the sand filter. The sand filter is often made of PVC or a concrete box that is filled with a sand-like substance. The effluent is pushed through the pipes at the top of the filter under low pressure to the drain. As the effluent exits the pipelines, it is treated as it passes through the sand filtering system.
However, sand filters are more costly than a standard septic system because they provide a higher level of nutrient treatment and are thus better suited for areas with high water tables or that are adjacent to bodies of water.
Evaporative cooling systems feature drainfields that are one-of-a-kind. It is necessary to line the drainfield at the base of the evapotranspiration system with a waterproof material. Following the entry of the effluent into the drainfield, it evaporates into the atmosphere. At the same time, the sewage never filters into the soil and never enters groundwater, unlike other septic system designs. It is only in particular climatic circumstances that evapotranspiration systems are effective.
The environment must be desert, with plenty of heat and sunshine, and no precipitation. These systems perform effectively in shallow soil; but, if it rains or snows excessively, they are at risk of failing completely.
Constructed Wetland System
Construction of a manufactured wetland is intended to simulate the treatment processes that occur in natural wetland areas. Wastewater goes from the septic tank and into the wetland cell, where it is treated. Afterwards, the wastewater goes into the media, where it is cleaned by microorganisms, plants, and other media that eliminate pathogens and nutrients. Typically, a wetland cell is constructed with an impermeable liner, gravel and sand fill, and the necessary wetland plants, all of which must be capable of withstanding the constant saturation of the surrounding environment.
As wastewater travels through the wetland, it may escape the wetland and flow onto a drainfield, where it will undergo more wastewater treatment before being absorbed into the soil by bacteria.
Cluster / Community System
In certain cases, a decentralized wastewater treatment system is owned by a group of people and is responsible for collecting wastewater from two or more residences or buildings and transporting it to a treatment and dispersal system placed on a suitable location near the dwellings or buildings. Cluster systems are widespread in settings like rural subdivisions, where they may be found in large numbers.
How Your Septic System Works
Underground wastewater treatment facilities, known as septic systems, are often employed in rural regions where there are no centralized sewage lines. They clean wastewater from residential plumbing, such as that produced by bathrooms, kitchen drains, and laundry, by combining natural processes with well-established technology. A conventional septic system is comprised of two components: a septic tank and a drainfield, often known as a soil absorption field. It is the septic tank’s job to decompose organic matter and to remove floatable stuff (such as oils and grease) and solids from wastewater.
Alternate treatment systems rely on pumps or gravity to assist septic tank effluent in trickling through a variety of media such as sand, organic matter (e.g., peat and sawdust), constructed wetlands, or other media to remove or neutralize pollutants such as pathogens that cause disease, nitrogen, phosphorus, and other contaminants.
Specifically, this is how a typical conventional septic system works:
- All of the water that leaves your home drains down a single main drainage pipe and into a septic tank. An underground, water-tight container, often composed of concrete, fiberglass, or polyethylene, serves as a septic system’s holding tank. Its function is to retain wastewater for a long enough period of time to allow particles to sink to the bottom and form sludge, while oil and grease float to the surface and produce scum. Sludge and scum are prevented from exiting the tank and moving into the drainfield region by compartments and a T-shaped outlet. After that, the liquid wastewater (effluent) exits the tank and flows into the drainfield. The drainfield is a shallow, covered hole dug in unsaturated soil that serves as a drainage system. Porous surfaces are used to release pretreated wastewater because they allow the wastewater to pass through the soil and into the groundwater. In the process of percolating through the soil, wastewater is accepted, treated, and dispersed by the soil, finally discharging into groundwater. Finally, if the drainfield becomes overburdened with too much liquid, it can flood, causing sewage to flow to the ground surface or resulting in toilet backups and sink backups. Finally, wastewater percolates into the soil, where it is naturally removed of harmful coliform bacteria, viruses, and nutrients. Coliform bacteria are a kind of bacteria that may be found in the intestines of humans and other warm-blooded animals, with humans being the most common host. As a result of human fecal contamination, it is a sign of this.
The Guadalupe-Blanco River Authority has built an animated, interactive model of how a residential septic system works, which you can view here.
Do you have a septic system?
It’s possible that you’re already aware that you have a septic system. If you are not sure, here are some tell-tale symptoms that you most likely are:
- You make use of well water. In your home, the water pipe that brings water into the house does not have a meter. In the case of a water bill or a property tax bill, you will see “$0.00 Sewer Amount Charged.” It is possible that your neighbors have a septic system
How to find your septic system
You can locate your septic system once you have confirmed that you have one by following these steps:
- Taking a look at the “as constructed” drawing of your house
- Making a visual inspection of your yard for lids and manhole covers
- Getting in touch with a septic system service provider for assistance in locating it
Failure symptoms: Mind the signs!
Examining the “as constructed” drawing of your house; Checking for lids and manhole covers in your yard. A septic system service company who can assist you in locating it is to be sought.
- Water backing up into the drains of homes and businesses
- It is especially noticeable in dry weather that the drainfield grass is bright green and spongy. The presence of standing water or muddy soil near your septic system or in your basement
- A strong stench emanating from the area surrounding the septic tank and drainfield
The Homeowner’s Guide to Alternative Septic Systems
Graphithèque / Fotolia (Graphics and Photography) The installation of a septic tank appears to be the natural decision whether you reside in a rural or suburban area where your home is unable to be linked to the municipal sewage system. Although septic systems are extremely practical, they aren’t always effective in every case. There are alternatives to constructing a septic tank in situations where the soil is too shallow or thick, the water table is too high, or another issue prevents you from doing so.
Plastic Leach Field Chamber
This system makes use of a regular septic tank, however instead of the traditional pipe leach field, the leach field is made up of interlocking polyethylene arches that create a continuous drainage area, as opposed to the usual pipe leach field. Because the chambers create an empty area for wastewater to pass through, there is no requirement for gravel or geotextile in the treatment system. These materials, on the other hand, can be added to the system if you desire to increase the system’s lifetime.
Their smaller footprint than systems with typical leach fields makes them appropriate for small construction sites, and their installation will cause as little damage as possible to the existing landscape.
Mound Septic System
Mound and raised bed septic systems are identical to conventional systems, with the exception that the soil is properly prepared in order to provide an area where the effluent will be treated before being released into the environment. The sand-lined filter bed is one of the most often used types of filter bed. In this technique, tiny distribution pipes are embedded in a layer of gravel that is placed on top of a layer of sand to provide a stable foundation. The entire area has been entirely covered with top soil, resulting in a mound.
This chamber releases effluent at a regulated pace in order to prevent overloading of the leach field in the leach field.
An observation tube has been erected to enable for inspection of the tank without the need to descend into the earth to reach the access point under the surface.
Advanced Material Media Filtration
These systems filter wastewater before it is discharged into the leach field, using materials such as sand, peat, or synthetic fabrics to do this. Although these systems are capable of being built in places where conventional systems are ineffective, they are also less expensive in areas where gravel is not easily accessible. The sand filter is one of the most often used types of water filter. A sand filter is a box that is lined with concrete or PVC and filled with sand to filter water. This box is often built in the ground, however it can also be installed above ground if the situation calls for it.
- Before it is released into the leach field, some systems cycle the effluent through the filter multiple times.
- Squares of specializedgeotextile are put horizontally or vertically in a container, depending on the use.
- Geotextiles have the ability to hold more water than sand or peat, which means that systems that employ this material can treat a comparable quantity of wastewater in less space.
- Open-celled polyurethane foam cubes are a less widely used, but as effective, alternative to closed-celled polyurethane foam cubes.
- It is possible to store the packages above ground in regions where harsh freezes are not frequently experienced.
- As a result, it is simple to maintain the system since the top piece of the foam cubes may be easily removed and replaced when it becomes obstructed by debris.
Inspections of all system types are required, during which the media bed is inspected for evidence that it is in need of cleaning or replacement. Although they may be kept clean, media filtering systems ultimately become clogged and must be replaced with new ones.
Drip Distribution System
Drizzle distribution, or drip disposal, septic systems are structurally similar to traditional septic systems, but they feature an aerobic pre-treatment chamber and a filtration mechanism to further cleanse the wastewater before it is released into the environment. A system of drip irrigation tubes is then used to disperse the treated water over a vast region once it has been treated. This water is suitable for irrigating a lawn or non-edible plants because it is free of contaminants. Plants remove excess nitrogen from water, allowing it to be purified even more.
Freezing, on the other hand, is a danger in cold areas.
Aerobic Sewage Treatment System
Aerobic septic systems, sometimes known as ATUs, are basically tiny wastewater treatment plants for residential use. They increase the amount of oxygen in the septic system, which encourages the growth of aerobic bacteria, which break down the organic waste in the sewage and eliminate it. As a result, the effluent is more sanitary. The aeration chamber of the system provides oxygen into the sewage, allowing microorganisms to grow and decompose the waste. Solids are collected in a clarifier and recirculated back to the aeration chamber for further processing.
Once the water has been chlorinated, it is sent to a holding chamber where it will be released later.
There are numerous options available to you if your house is in a region where establishing a standard septic system would be difficult, if not impossible, due to the terrain.
An aerobic sewage treatment system is still a feasible choice for situations where none of the other options are effective.
Septic System Alternatives
If you have any knowledge about alternate septic systems, please share it with me. Do most states permit the use of alternative systems? In my backyard is a lake property that has an outdated septic system on it that will no longer be acceptable when we build a new house. However, because the property is situated on a sloping ridge with little place for a drainfield, I’m exploring for other possibilities. — Benita Edds, in an e-mail message A: There are several solutions accessible for small-scale locations, which is a blessing.
- The pace at which soil percolates is referred to as the soil percolation rate.
- This type of device, according to Daniel Friedman, a writer for the Home Inspection and Construction website, is typically utilized on lake sites where there isn’t enough space for a drainfield.
- These systems perform well in the treatment of wastewater, but only provided they are kept in good working order.
- Because these systems rely on power, there will be some minimal operating expenses associated with them.
- If you discover that you have enough room for a drain field, you might also want to look at recirculating sand filters (RSF) or peat systems as an alternative.
- This is made feasible by the use of alternative toilet systems, which range from composting to incinerating units.
- Enviroletoffers three variants that are completely self-contained and require no water.
- Other choices for toilets include: With an Incinolet, instead of digesting trash, it is heated at a high temperature and incinerated, thereby turning the waste into ash.
- Sun-Mar– This company provides a central composting system that can be connected to either low-water flush toilets or toilets with dry-air flow.
- A septic system, for example, requires that you get your soil analyzed before to installing it according to state legislation.
- In this case, you should consult with your local planning or zoning committee.
Just like you would with a traditional system, you should consult with a professional to assist you with the setup, installation, and maintenance of your wireless system. Toilets that are environmentally friendly may be found here.
Can a septic tank discharge into a ditch?
Many homeowners are unsure of the sort of off-mains drainage system they have installed in their home. After all, since they are neatly tucked away underground, it might be rather difficult to figure out where they are. And, if the system is functioning as it should, the vast majority of people are content to leave it alone. It is possible to have three distinct types of off-mains drainage tanks, which are: the septic tank, the sewage treatment plant, and the cesspit. An exit pipe will be installed on a septic tank or sewage treatment plant, which will run from the tank and will normally take some of the waste water and release it either into the ground or into a nearby watercourse or ditch, depending on the situation.
The majority of septic tanks discharge their waste onto a soakaway system or a drainage field.
Another sort of soakaway is any device that permits wastewater to travel into the earth, such as a bore hole soakaway or an underground soakaway chamber.
Where there is no drainage field or soakaway system, the waste water will instead be channeled through a sealed pipe and discharged directly into a ditch or into a local water course.
So, is it a problem if your septic tank discharges into a ditch?
Yes, in a nutshell. Septic tank waste water is no longer regarded acceptable to discharge directly into local watercourses or ditches without any type of treatment, which has resulted in an increase in complaints. A soakaway system or drainage field is a type of treatment that prevents waste water from becoming a source of environmental degradation. A sealed pipe, on the other hand, will physically transport untreated waste right to its destination and into the surrounding environment, where it can create serious problems.
Simply said, the waste settles into three distinct levels, with the middle layer of separated waste water serving as the conduit for the waste to flow into the drainage field or soakaway system.
Septic tanks that discharge into a ditch or a nearby watercourse are no longer permitted.
In previous years, you were only required to take action to correct the situation if it was discovered that your system was polluting the environment.
In addition, the legislation specifies that if you want to sell your home before 2020, the system must be improved as part of the transaction.
How do I know if my septic tank discharges to a ditch?
Because the system is underground, it’s difficult to know what’s going on. It is possible to look into a ditch that is close to your property to see if you can detect the end of the outlet line that would flow from your septic tank and which is typically visible. You may also peek in the manhole after your septic tank, which is generally a distribution chamber, to see if there is anything wrong. Seeing a lot of distinct openings to pipes suggests that your septic tank is connected to a soakaway system rather than a traditional septic system.
The most reliable method to know for sure is to have a local professional examine and confirm this for you, as described above.
They can validate the sort of system you have in place, as well as the condition of the tank and the pipework that supports it.
What are my options if my septic tank discharges into a ditch?
There are two alternatives available to you:
- Drainage fields should be installed in lieu of the pipe that leads to the ditch or watercourse. You’ll need to do percolation experiments first, which will take some time. These are extremely significant since they will tell you whether or not the ground on your site is suitable – and, if so, what size drainage field you will require
- Install a sewage treatment system in lieu of the septic tank, and
Install a drainage field instead of the pipe that leads to the ditch or watercourse. Before anything else, you’ll need to do some percolation experiments. These are extremely significant since they will tell you whether or not the ground on your property is suitable – and, if so, what size drainage field you will want; In its stead, a sewage treatment facility should be installed;
8 Signs of Septic System Failure
Septic tanks are an important resource for both homeowners and the surrounding community. Its goal is to store domestic wastewater in an underground chamber where it may be treated at a basic level. They are generally composed of plastic, fiberglass, and concrete and serve as a sewage disposal system for the home or business owner. Sewage can leak underground and move upward in the earth if a septic unit fails, which can cause flooding. Not only may this result in serious plumbing issues, but it can also pose a health threat over time.
If that’s the case, these are the eight indicators of a failing septic system.
1. Septic System Backup
Everything that has to do with plumbing in your home is tied to your septic system. Sewage and wastewater will no longer be able to enter the tank if your septic system malfunctions or becomes overburdened. Instead, it will remain in the pipes until it begins to rise to the surface again. Sewage and wastewater back up into sinks, drains, and even into your toilet as a result of this condition. A clogged septic tank is the most obvious indicator of a failing system. You should contact a qualified plumber as soon as you discover this symptom to get it repaired.
2. Slow Drains
Slow drainage might also be caused by a clogged septic tank. For example, if a septic tank is completely filled, it will no longer actively collect wastewater from the ground. This implies that your pipes will become blocked with sewage and will be unable to drain your plumbing appliances properly. Your drains will become naturally sluggish in draining water or other liquids, as a result of this phenomenon. Even if you utilize the best gear available to unclog your drain, you will not be successful since the fundamental problem is located in the septic tank.
Having slow drains is the first sign of an imminent septic system backup, which occurs when your drains cease to function at all and wastewater backs up into your home.
3. Gurgling Sounds
When using plumbing appliances, you should also be on the lookout for any unusual sounds that may occur. For example, if you flush your toilet and hear strange gurgling sounds, you should call a plumber right once to assess the situation. Toilets generally emit water-related sounds that subside once the flushing cycle is completed. If, on the other hand, you hear sounds that sound like an upset stomach, you may have a serious problem. If you are hearing gurgling noises coming from your drains, the same logic applies.
4. Pool of Water or Dampness Near Drainfield
When using plumbing appliances, you should be on the lookout for unusual sounds. Suppose you flush your toilet and you hear strange gurgling sounds. In this case, it is necessary to contact a plumber immediately. Toilets generally create water-related noises that subside once the flushing process is completed. The opposite is true if you hear sounds that seem like they come from an upset stomach. If you notice gurgling noises coming from your drains, the same idea applies to them. Gurgling sounds indicate a blockage or a problem with the internal septic system that must be addressed right once.
5. Nasty Odors
One such tell-tale indicator of a failing septic system is the development of foul odors near the drainfield and plumbing equipment. If you notice strong and nasty scents when you walk outdoors and tread onto your grass, it is possible that your septic tank has failed. If the bad aromas emanating from your house are the same as those emanating from the office, you can reach a similar conclusion. It is likely that sewage has entered your home through the drainfield and into your main drain line, resulting in these foul odors.
6. Unusual, Bright Green Grass Above Drainfield
Have you ever seen people applying mulch, fertilizers, and manure to their lawns in order to encourage it to grow more quickly? It is possible that sewage has the same features as manure, namely that it contains nutrients such as nitrogen, potassium, phosphorus, and micronutrients that plants can use to thrive. When you see exceptionally green grass near your drainfield, it is likely that wastewater is leaking into your lawn from the drainfield itself. Due to the fact that grass is naturally green, identifying this symptom might be difficult.
Pay close attention to your drainfield in order to identify this problem before it becomes too serious.
7. Blooms of Algae in Nearby Water
If you live near a body of water, such as a lake or pond, keep an eye out for unexpected algal blooms that appear out of nowhere. Due to the fact that most individuals regard the appearance of algae to be a regular occurrence, diagnosing this symptom can also be difficult.
Algal blooms, on the other hand, occur when a huge concentration of algae forms in a body of water. They appear to be artificial and to be the result of excessive algal contamination in the water. When wastewater is present, it might lead to the growth of algae that is aberrant.
8. High Levels of Coliform in Water Well
A neighboring water well may also be able to identify abnormal amounts of coliform bacteria as well as high quantities of nitrogen dioxide (nitrogen dioxide). However, if your septic system fails, the water in your well will get contaminated with bacteria and harsh chemicals by effluent from the surrounding area. Give Us a Call Right Now! Any problems with your septic tank now occupy your thoughts? If this is the case, please contact us at (941) 721-4645 to talk with a member of our staff. You may also learn more about our septic services by visiting this page.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Do you have any other queries concerning septic systems? Please let us know. If this is the case, you may find a comprehensive list of FAQs farther down on this page.
How much do septic system repair services cost?
- A septic system repair service might cost anywhere from $500 to $2,000 in labor and materials. The ultimate cost is determined by the extent of the task, the number of hours worked, and other factors.
Can a septic drainfield be repaired?
- Even though there is no quick remedy for drainfield repair, it is achievable if you employ an expert plumber or septic system specialist.
How often do septic systems need to be replaced?
- Septic systems may endure for more than 40 years if they are properly maintained. Every three years, the average septic tank should be examined and pumped out in order to avoid long-term problems and septic system failure.
The 6 Septic Systems You Must Know — Build With a Bang
Unacquainted with the many types of septic systems available? If this is the case, you are not alone. Unless your property is directly linked to the sewer system, you most certainly have a septic system in place. Sewage treatment on site is accomplished by the use of natural processes in a septic system, which is a linked system of components residing under ground. Typically, a septic system is located in the yard of a homeowner. The most typical location for septic systems is in rural locations, where there is no access to a centralized town or city waste treatment facility or sewage treatment system.
Why Concrete Septic Tanks May Be Your Best Option
First and foremost, the septic system collects and dumps the waste generated by the home in the septic tank. The septic tank then separates and pre-treats the solid waste and oils from the wastewater before releasing them into the environment. Following that, most systems direct liquid wastewater from the septic tank onto a distribution network of porous pipes that branch out from the residence and septic tank and gradually discharge the wastewater into the soil. Some septic systems, rather than just discharging wastewater into the soil, employ pumps, disinfection products, an evaporation mechanism, or simply rely on gravity to funnel wastewater through sand or other organic material before releasing the effluent into the soil.
- The total square feet of drain field area required is determined by the number of bedrooms in the house and the soil type (arid or saturated), among other factors.
- Septic tanks are intended to serve as the initial stop in the wastewater treatment process, and they are constructed to do so.
- The sediments remain in the tank, while the wastewater is sent to the drain field for further treatment and dispersal when it has been treated.
- Concrete, plastic (polyethylene), and fiberglass are the three most common materials used in construction.
- Drain fields are plots of land that have been particularly engineered to assist in the filtering and removal of pollutants from wastewater.
Perforated pipes, which are buried within the trenches, are used to disseminate the wastewater from the home in a methodical manner. A standard septic system is comprised of a septic drain field, its associated pipe system, and a septic tank.
The majority of traditional septic systems are situated in single-family residences or small commercial establishments. A high number of individuals in a single area is not often served by traditional systems, which are not normally designed for this purpose. A typical system consists of the following components: Sewage treatment system (Septic tank) An underground wastewater infiltration system or a gravel-filled drain field can both be used to collect wastewater. Protects the clean drain field from additional possible impurities with a strong geofabric covering.
The wastewater (also known as effluent) is routed from the septic tank to the drain field in this location.
As soon as the wastewater passes through the clean drain field, it flows into the soil where it is continuously cleaned by naturally existing bacteria as it gently trickles its way through the soil layer and into groundwater.
The disadvantage is that it is difficult to install in homes with small lots.
As a viable alternative to the more frequent gravel field technique, chamber systems have been in use since the 1970s. It is common to employ chamber systems in places where the water table is high, as they reduce the likelihood of poor drainage and messy back-ups. Another need for this system is a sequence of linked pipelines and chambers, with the chambers being completely enclosed by soil. The septic pipes transport wastewater from the home to the septic tank, which subsequently transports the wastewater to the chambers.
During the last stages of wastewater treatment before it is discharged into a storm drain, bacteria in the soil release the treated wastewater into the soil as it flows downward toward the groundwater table.
The disadvantage of using an extra chamber instead of a more standard drain field is that there is an increased risk of additional maintenance.
Aerobic Treatment System
Aeration of wastewater in a septic treatment tank is accomplished by the use of aerobic treatment equipment. The infused oxygen in the wastewater aids in the addition of nutrients to the wastewater as well as the efficient start of the treatment process itself. Aerobic systems are available with tanks that may be used for both pretreatment and final treatment, as well as systems with two distinct tanks for pretreatment and final treatment, among other options. The ultimate objective is to treat and disinfect in a safe and efficient manner, without causing harm.
Advantage: This is particularly useful in locations with high water tables or in areas where there is insufficient land to construct a good drain field. The disadvantage of using an aerobic system is that, like the drip distribution system, it requires regular maintenance.
Drip Distribution System
It is not necessary to install a standard gravel-based drain field since the Drip Distribution system makes use of an underground snaking system of distribution pipes that are installed near the surface of the soil. Pipe laterals for the drip distribution system are buried in shallow ground soil, generally 6 to 12 inches below the surface of the ground. Because it eliminates the requirement for a standard drain field, this technique reduces the amount of digging required and makes it easier to reach plumbing within the drain field.
A second tank, referred to as a dosage tank, is required to take wastewater after it has passed through the septic tank in order to handle this technique.
However, in order for this to happen, the dosage tank must be connected to power.
Sand Filter System
Sand filter systems allow waste water to travel from a septic tank to a pump chamber, and then from the pump chamber to the sand filtering system. Sand filter systems are used in conjunction with septic tanks. The sand filtration system is essentially a big concrete box that is filled with sand to filter out contaminants. Following a leisurely pumping operation to the top of the box, the waste water is filtered through the sand, which treats the water prior to its discharge into the soil absorption region (see illustration).
Cons: Frequent maintenance is required.
In contrast to conventional septic systems, the Evapotranspiration System’s drain field is housed in a closed, waterproof field that is covered with layers of gravel and sand to keep out the elements. Once the wastewater has passed through the septic tank and into the waterproof drain field, it begins to evaporate slowly. It is important to note that, unlike other septic systems, the effluent never filters into the soil. When compared to the alternatives, the ease of installation, maintenance, and use is superior.
Benefits: The ease of use is excellent, and the difficulty of installation and maintenance is minimal.
The mound system consists of the construction of a big sand mound that serves as a drain field. A controlled flow of wastewater is maintained throughout its journey from the septic tank to a chamber where it is pushed through to the mound. After flowing through a mound trench and percolating through the sand, the wastewater eventually trickles into the ground. Among those who live in rural locations where there is a lot of land but little absorbent soil, the mound system is a popular alternative.
Cons: It takes up a lot of room and requires a lot of upkeep.
In any case, count on having your septic tank examined once per year and pumping it at least once every six months, regardless of the system you have in place. Solid waste matter can block the pump and cause damage to the drain field if it is not pumped on a regular basis.
Garbage Disposal With Septic
Unless you reside in a septic-equipped home, it is better not to have a trash disposal. The increased volume of solid waste material will necessitate more frequent septic tank pumping and may erode the drain field, resulting in sewage back-ups in the future. Those who live in homes with septic systems may find that they must be extra cautious about what they flush down the toilet. Certain common home objects, when flushed down a toilet connected to a septic system, can create clogs, backups, and even damage to the system, resulting in not only discomfort and aggravation, but also a significant financial burden.
Chemicals may cause significant damage to and contamination of surface and groundwater, which can result in disease or even death in animals and people who consume the water.
Pesticides Oils Chemicals used in photography