In Ohio How Many Acres Is Requiredtohave A Septic Tank? (Solution found)

  • I. A minimum lot size of one-half acre (average gross) per dwelling unit is required for new developments in the Region using on-site septic tank-subsurface leaching/percolation systems.

How many acres do you need for a septic system in Ohio?

Lots created after 1988, that utilize individual private water supply (well) and on-site sewage disposal shall have a minimum of (1.5) one and a half acres.

How far from a property should a septic tank be?

Most importantly, a septic tank must be at least seven metres from a house, defined as a ‘habitable property’. Septic tanks are built underground and release wastewater slowly into the surrounding environment. For this reason, they must be a set distance away from a home.

What type of septic systems are allowed in Ohio?

Finally with updated rules, Ohio is catching up to the rest of the country and is able to use more modern onsite wastewater treatment systems. Mound systems, bioreactors and drip irrigation systems are just some of the types of systems used throughout the country that can now be used in Ohio.

How many acres do you need for a septic system in Missouri?

Most rural counties in southern Missouri have no sewage regulations on properties larger than three acres. However, that does not mean landowners are “grandfathered” from installing or operating their septic system in ways that protect water supplies.

Can you build over an old leach field?

Overall, it is not recommended to build over your leach filed and you should also not put anything heavy on top of it, such as parking a vehicle.

How do I calculate the size of my septic drain field?

Drainfield Size

  1. The size of the drainfield is based on the number of bedrooms and soil characteristics, and is given as square feet.
  2. For example, the minimum required for a three bedroom house with a mid range percolation rate of 25 minutes per inch is 750 square feet.

Can a septic tank be too big?

A septic tank that is too big will not run well without the proper volume of wastewater running through it. If your septic tank is too big for your house, there wouldn’t be sufficient collected liquid required to produce the bacteria, which helps break down the solid waste in the septic tank.

How big is a septic tank dimensions?

A typical residential septic tank is usually about 4.5 feet wide x 8.0 feet long x 6 feet tall. Your septic tank may be a different size however.

Do I have to replace my septic tank by 2020?

Under the new rules, if you have a specific septic tank that discharges to surface water (river, stream, ditch, etc.) you are required to upgrade or replace your septic tank treatment system to a full sewage treatment plant by 2020, or when you sell a property, if it’s prior to this date.

How close to a septic tank can I build?

– A full foundation must be 10 feet from the septic tank and 20 feet from the leaching area. – A slab foundation such as a garage must be 10 feet from the septic tank and 10 feet from the leaching area.

How much does a septic system cost near Ohio?

On average, the cost of installing a new septic tank system is $3,900. The price ranges from $1,500 to $5,000 for a typical 1,250-gallon tank, which is an ideal size for a three- or four-bedroom home. This cost is inclusive of the tank itself, which costs $600 to $2,100 or more, depending on the type.

Can a homeowner install their own septic system in Ohio?

The state and local department of health will charge up to $75 for a permit to install a new system, and $34 to alter a system. An operation permit will now be required for all homeowners. Local health districts will set the amount and length of the operation permit, which can vary between one and 10 years.

Can you have a septic tank without a leach field?

The waste from most septic tanks flows to a soakaway system or a drainage field. If your septic tank doesn’t have a drainage field or soakaway system, the waste water will instead flow through a sealed pipe and empty straight into a ditch or a local water course.

Ohio septic system regulations overhauled

The city of Salem, Ohio, is home to the Ohio State University. The state of Ohio has amended its septic system laws, which became effective on Jan. 1. The revisions are the first in 30 years, and homeowners may be surprised by the changes. The new laws, which took effect on January 1, will have an influence on the sorts of systems that may be built based on the soil type and how wastewater is to be treated on-site, among other things. However, the Ohio Department of Health has not updated its septic system requirements since 1977, despite the fact that county septic system laws have been revised.

County patchwork

“These standards are a move in the right direction,” said Dr. Karen Mancl of Ohio State University’s Department of Food, Agricultural, and Biological Engineering and president of the Ohio Onsite Wastewater Association, who described them as “a step in the right direction.” Before the revisions, Mancl said that every county operated under a unique set of regulations that complicated state-wide regulatory oversight and enforcement. Because of the homogeneity that has been achieved, “it is now simpler to develop successful systems,” Mancl explained.

Essentially, the distinction is that wastewater and pollutants must be removed from the water that is discharged from the residence before it can be returned to the groundwater system for treatment.

Failing system?

According to the Ohio Department of Health, roughly one-third of all septic systems in the state are failing at this time. However, while a failing system might suggest several different issues, it does not always imply the homeowner would have to replace the entire system in order to satisfy the criteria set out in new guidelines or existing state legislation. It might be as simple as replacing missing or damaged parts or as complex as include therapy. “These standards provide tremendous flexibility in the manner in which systems are fixed or replaced,” Mancl added.

Soil types

Mancl stated that some sites will be more difficult to navigate than others. Examples include places with very shallow and moist soil, where wastewater will need to be entirely treated before it reaches the saturated soil in order to minimize pollution and contamination. It is probable that the systems that need to be replaced or repaired in these areas will be the most expensive.

Leaching systems

Although it was reported at the time of the guidelines’ implementation that leach fields would no longer be a possibility, the state health agency has since stated that this is not the case.

Under the new guidelines, septic tank and leach field systems are still permitted, and they are the preferred method in areas where soil conditions are favorable. When it comes to locations where the soils are more difficult to treat, new technologies will need to be used.


Mancl stated that if there is no public nuisance, a system upgrade will not be required. However, the health department warns all landowners that because every septic system is unique and is installed on a variety of soil types, there is no one general guideline for the new criteria. All homeowners will be required to get an operating permit going forward (but it could take years before the operation permit requirement comes into fruition depending on the local health district). According to the Ontario Department of Health, any system installed before 1974 will need to be replaced, and no septic systems will be grandfathered in under the revisions.

Nevertheless, local health districts will continue to engage directly with homeowners on matters like as system permits, installation, education, and system maintenance monitoring.

This allows the owner to try common sense solutions such as installing water saving fixtures, decreasing water usage, or fixing leaks to reduce flow into the system.

Permit fees

Permit payments are now required as part of the new requirements. Obtaining a new system permit from the state and municipal departments of health will cost up to $75, while altering an existing system will cost up to $34. All homeowners will be required to get an operating permit going forward. However, depending on the local health district, it might take years before the necessity for an operation permit becomes a reality. The amount and period of the operation permit, which might last anywhere between one and ten years, will be determined by the local health districts.

The local districts must begin the process, which will entail establishing an inventory of who has a septic system and developing a strategy for how long they will provide an operation permit before the procedure can be completed successfully.

The operating permit, according to the ODH, is used to track the maintenance of septic systems.

If a landowner has maintenance performed within the terms of the operation permit, they can submit a receipt, and the cost of the operating permit will be deducted from that receipt.

An operating permit might also be obtained by bringing a receipt to the local health department that proves a homeowner hired a registered business to pump out their septic tank, if that is the case.

Before you build

If you are starting to think about building a house, Mancl has one bit of advise for you: Before you begin construction (or even before you purchase a home), determine the soil type at the construction site and hire a soil consultant to examine the site before making any additional decisions. The soil type will then be used to design the full septic and wastewater disposal system. A potential builder will know how much the system will cost after the soil type has been established, according to her, and that cost might be a factor in whether or not they choose to construct at that site.

Not everyone happy

The Ohio Wastewater Alliance is one organization that has expressed dissatisfaction with the proposed restrictions. The organization, which is primarily made of septic pumpers, is dissatisfied with the way the restrictions will affect them and their clients. A homeowner calling a pumping firm to their property will now have to fill out additional documentation concerning their septic system, which will be returned to the local health department, rather than to the county department of health.

They are also required to obtain continuing education credits on an annual basis in order to keep up to date with technology.

Owner responsibility

Mancl reminds property owners that it is their obligation to ensure that their system is operating correctly, which includes performing regular pump outs and ensuring that sewage is not seeping out of the ground or onto a nearby property. “The Ohio Onsite Wastewater Association is giving chances for everyone who works with septic systems to earn continuing education credits, which will assist in keeping expenses down,” she added. Mancl stated that the new legislation provide Ohio with an opportunity to utilize the most up-to-date technology in the field of wastewater treatment, which was previously unavailable in the state due to antiquated state laws.

“We now have standards in place that will assist us in removing contaminants from waste water while also protecting our families and the environment,” Mancl explained.

Related Content

  • How to keep your septic system in good working order
  • How to put less burden on your septic system


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New household sewage treatment system rules for Ohio: Treatment versus disposal

Long overdue, new and up-to-date standards to safeguard human health and the environment in Ohio have finally been implemented to protect both. The state’s agricultural growth has been hampered by outdated restrictions dating back to the 1970s, which also prevent contemporary technologies from being used. Household sewage treatment system rules in Ohio entered into effect on January 1, 2015, and they superseded the “Household Sewage Disposal System Rules,” which had been in existence for over 40 years.

  • As with any disposal system, the idea is for sewage to be flushed out and not back up into the home or into a pool in the yard.
  • Many waste disposal systems dump contaminants into steams, lakes, and groundwater, damaging swimming beaches and drinking water supplies in the process.
  • The new guidelines establish treatment standards and specify a spectrum of treatment methods that might be used to achieve those requirements, among other things.
  • What is the first stage in implementing a new system?
  • The most efficient and practical method of removing contaminants from wastewater is to filter it via natural soil.
  • The evaluation of the soil is the first stage in the design of an on-site system.
  • Soil maps are researched in depth, and a soil scientist visits the site to dig tiny holes in order to assess the depth to saturation, bedrock or other restricting layers in the soil.
See also:  What Should Be Put In Septic Tank To Breakdown Sewage? (Correct answer)

Keep the soil on the property in good condition.

It is not possible to use natural soil for an onsite wastewater treatment system once it has been compacted or relocated.

If the soil has been disturbed or is too shallow, bringing in fill material will not be effective.

What is the minimum depth of the soil required?

Installation of an onsite wastewater treatment system necessitates the use of at least 12 inches of natural, undisturbed soil.

A leach field system necessitates the soil being three to four feet deep to saturation, bedrock, or another limiting layer before it can be installed.

Other types of onsite treatment systems may be utilized if the soil is too thin for a leach field to effectively extract contaminants and treat wastewater, according to the revised standards.

There are many different sorts of systems that may be employed.

This severely restricted growth in areas of Ohio where the soils were shallow and moist.

A few examples of the sorts of systems that are now in use around the country and that may now be employed in Ohio are mound systems, bioreactors, and drip irrigation systems, to name a few.

This group of specialists analyzes research into novel methods of wastewater treatment and assists the Ohio Department of Health in approving new systems for the state.

Some systems are inexpensive, while others are prohibitively costly.

Some systems employ pumps to transfer wastewater into a treatment system in small doses, while others take use of the slope of the ground and rely on gravity to move the wastewater.

Similar to purchasing for a new automobile, there are several alternatives and choices available to satisfy the requirements.

Maintenance is required for a sewage treatment system, just as it is for all of the fixtures and appliances in a house, in order to maintain the investment made in the system and ensure that it continues to remove pollutants.

All of the new systems will be required to get an operating permit.

When compared to the huge, simple system that requires very little maintenance, the tiny, complicated mechanical system that requires care on a regular basis (more than once per year) demands frequent attention.

Regular maintenance will be the responsibility of the property owner, who will collaborate with a licensed service provider.

Existing systems do not need to be modified as long as they are not causing a public nuisance to the public.

Remember that the new guidelines are a positive step in the right direction, and that is the most essential thing to remember.

Visit the Soil Environment Technology Learning Lab’s website at to learn more about onsite wastewater treatment and other topics related to soil environment technology.

Septic Tank: Mound System

Karen Mancl is a Professor of Food, Agricultural, and Biological Engineering at the University of California, Davis. Brian Slater is an Associate Professor in the Department of Environment and Natural Resources at the University of California, Berkeley. Peg Cashell, On-site Educator in Logan, Utah, is an example of this. Septic tank-leach field systems, which require 36 inches of acceptable soil before reaching a limiting layer, are ineffective in significant parts of Ohio due to the shallowness of the soils.

  • Approximately 53% of Ohio’s soils contain limiting layers at shallow levels that do not supply the 36 inches of appropriate soil required by the state, as seen in Figure 1.
  • In soils with a limiting layer within 12 to 36 inches of the soil surface, these techniques can be employed to improve soil quality.
  • Specially chosen sand is spread on top of natural soil in these systems, which aid in the treatment of septic tank effluent and other waste.
  • Mound systems are long and narrow, and they must be built in accordance with the contour of the land.
  • A mound system may be extended up to 30 feet in length per bedroom in order to accommodate larger dwellings.
  • After determining the natural soil depth above the limiting layer (which must be a minimum of 12 inches), a layer of carefully sized sand is poured on top of the natural soil to provide a stable foundation.
  • After that, a layer of gravel or a chamber around the distribution pipes is laid on top of the sand to protect them.

It is also necessary to have a layer of topsoil in order to produce grass or other nonwoody plants that help to limit erosion.

The lawn has been mowed and the leaves have been brushed away.

The chisel-plow will be used by the installer to break up the grass and roughen the surface in preparation for the sand layer to be applied later.

Following completion, the property will be meticulously graded in order to redirect any runoff water away from the mound’s perimeter.

Both papers are accessible online, where you may also read them. As with any other domestic sewage system, the homeowner is responsible for keeping the system in good working order to ensure trouble-free operation. The homeowner should do the following:

  • Every one to five years, have the septic and dosing tanks pumped out. water usage should be minimized, and water-saving devices should be installed in the residence The soil downslope of a mound should never be compacted by pavement, construction of a structure, or parking of automobiles. By avoiding growing trees or plants on the mound, you may prevent roots from blocking the pipes.

New septic rules rolling out Jan. 1

To better understand the new Household Sewage Treatment System Operation and Maintenance program, watch this video from Colton Masters, director of environmental health for the Mahoning County health department. The program, which will be implemented in 2022, will affect all septic system owners in the county. Some of the reasons for the new program are explained in the slide seen in the photo. There will be a price associated with this service. Ed Runyan contributed to this photo. AUSTINTOWN, N.Y.

  • In Mahoning County, Public Health, formerly known as the Mahoning County Board of Health, realizes that the news is potentially troubling to the 17,000 households who have a septic system, which receives and processes domestic sewage in places where there are no sewers.
  • The program has annual costs ranging from $30 to $125, depending on the participant’s income.
  • Masters, however, told members of the Mahoning County Public Health Commission last week that septic owners should also consider that the new Home Septic Treatment System Operation and Maintenance program may save them from having to pay significantly more in future.
  • “That’s what people are going to pay attention to first and foremost, but they must look beyond that,” he added.
  • It is true that there are actual advantages not just to the community, but also to the individuals who are participating in this.” According to the user, if they take good care of their system, it will live longer.
  • The community will reap the benefits of fewer failed septic systems as a result of every owner participating in the program.
  • As a result, we will be able to locate more of them in the future, which will result in cleaner surface water.

For example, Masters estimates that the expense of simply mailing all of the notifications to septic owners will be around $100,000 per year.

CAN BE EXTREMELY DISRUPTIVE Masters demonstrated the yard of a house that has a failing septic system during his talk.

In certain cases, this is the same chemical that can make its way from a septic system to streams, ditches, and other water sources, where it can cause pollution.

“It will eventually find its way into a water supply,” he said.

Masters stated that extra outreach would be conducted in order to raise awareness of the program, which is mandatory by Ohio law for every county in the state to participate.

“It really must be in place.” Tekac was involved in the preparation for the implementation of the new program while he was the director of environmental health before being appointed health commissioner two years ago.

THERE ARE FOUR PHASES The new program will be implemented in four phases over the course of 2022, beginning with the four northern-tier townships of Austintown, Jackson, Milton, and Coitsville, as well as a limited number of septic owners in the counties of Youngstown, Struthers, and Campbell, among others.

  • A 30-day response period will be provided for each homeowner to react to the mailing and submit payment.
  • The townships of Boardman, Canfield, Poland, and Ellsworth will be the first to receive the service on April 1.
  • Beaver and Springfield, the two townships with the highest number of septic systems, with 2,018 and 2,072 systems, respectively, will be the final two on the list on Oct.
  • Canfield Township has the third highest number of residents with 1,826; Smith has the fourth highest number with 1,474; and Austintown has the fifth highest number with 1,442.
  • According to Masters’ presentation, Boardman Township has only 59 residents.
  • It costs $90 to maintain that sort of system once every three years, in addition to the expense of pumping a tank, which is advised every three to five years and costs around $300 each time, according to Masters.
  • More complex systems that release wastewater away from the property of the owner, such as into a ditch, are classified as the third level.

According to Masters, if the systems are operating properly, the released water is “as pure or cleaner than rain water.” The cost of maintaining this sort of system is $125 per year.

As part of the $125 charge, the county will do the testing on your behalf.

Masters stated that one of the most important aspects of implementing the operation and maintenance program is educating septic system owners on how their systems function and what is required to keep them in good working order.

“There’s an issue here,” he added.

“That’s going to be beneficial to the homeowner in the long term,” Masters explained.

According to Masters, the life period of a “general septic-tank-to-leachfied” system is around 20 to 30 years “assuming it is properly maintained.” The health department receives complaints from individuals who are outraged when they discover that their septic system, which is more than a decade old, is not functioning correctly.

  • His grandparents had a farm in Coitsville Township and had not had their well pumped in a long time, according to Tekac, so he persuaded them to get it done.
  • Later, his aunt and uncle moved into his grandparents’ home, where they continue to follow the same method as they did back then.
  • “If you keep up with the system, it will endure a long time.” According to Masters, participation in the system is mandated by law for every system in the county, regardless of size.
  • “That’s not to imply that we’re familiar with every system in the county,” Masters clarified.
  • According to him, when a house is sold, the septic system is subjected to a thorough evaluation.
  • “With this software, we will discover systems that we were previously unaware of.” If you go back 40 to 50 years, there were no restrictions in place regarding these practices.
  • Currently, the engineer’s office is able to locate them on a regular basis.
  • In order to understand the expense of the new scheme, Masters suggested comparing it to the cost of establishing a sewage system.
  • The expense of pumping the tanks is included in that computation.

He estimates that the cost of replacing a septic system if it breaks as a result of neglect might be $20,000, so keeping it in good working order today could result in significant savings. [email protected] Delivered directly to your inbox: today’s breaking news and more.

Septic Systems in Ohio

In Ohio, homeowners who live in locations without centralized water treatment must purchase and install a system that will contain and treat wastewater before they may use their water. This procedure safeguards the groundwater supply from pollution and contributes to the preservation of public health and safety.

See also:  When To Drain A Septic Tank? (Solution)


Local Health Districts in Ohio, in collaboration with the state Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), are responsible for regulating the licensing and usage of septic systems in their respective jurisdictions. The Ohio EPA can issue two types of licenses: residential use permits and National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permits, which are provided for industrial and municipal sewage disposal systems. Additionally, the Ohio Environmental Protection Agency mandates that homeowners use a qualified expert when designing and installing an aseptic system.

Specifications for Residential Tanks

Household septic systems are designed to accommodate the size and human capacity of the residence to which they are meant to provide service. In most cases, the state’s minimum residential capacities are determined by the number of bedrooms in a house or apartment. The following are the bare minimums that must be met:

  • Bedrooms one to two: 1000 gallons
  • Three to five bedrooms: 1500 gallons
  • Six or more bedrooms: 2500 gallons
  • One to two baths: 1000 gallons

Installation and Care of a Septic System

It is recommended by the state of Ohio that landowners refrain from constructing new structures or parking automobiles in areas above underground sewer lines and septic fields. This is done in order to minimize damage to the septic system, which would force the need for costly repairs. Homeowners should also divert any surface water away from their septic system in order to avoid overloading the drainage capacity of the soil that supports the septic system.

Local Health District and EPA Resources

In order to obtain information on septic system installation and maintenance in your area, please contact the offices listed below. (614) 644-2001 (Div. of Surface Water) (614) 644-3020 (Central Office Southwest)122 South Front StreetColumbus, Ohio 43215 (614) 644-2001 (Div. of Surface Water) (General Information)

Sewage Programs – Perry County Health Department

HOME SEWAGE TREATMENT SYSTEMSWhere public or central sewage works are not available, such as in rural regions with a high concentration of population, individual sewage treatment systems must be erected with the consent of the health authority. Waste water systems established with the consent of the health department must adhere to severe state laws, and the health department must guarantee that no nuisances are permitted to jeopardize the health and well-being of the residents of Perry County and the surrounding areas.

Septic Permit Lookup Mapping 2014-2021 Septic Permits available for review.

SiteEvaluation a contract with a soil contractor to create a soil report is entered into (See List of Soil Contractors Below) Take a copy of the soil report to the Perry County Health Department so that they may examine it. The Engineers Office can be reached at (740) 342-2191 for assistance in obtaining an assigned county engineer’s address for your property. 4. Complete and submit a Site Evaluation Application ($125.00) with your payment. *** As a result of the soil scientist’s evaluation, the Perry County Health Department will analyze all of the information and determine what sort of system you need to install at this point in the process.

Permit for Septic System 1.

Complete yourSeptic Permit Application ($324.003) in its entirety.

*** When you reach this stage, you will be issued with a SEPTIC PERMIT as well as an OPERATION PERMIT.

4. Following the completion of the installation and approval, an as-built drawing packet (See Form Below) in accordance with Ohio Administrative Code 3701-29-10 must be provided. 5. Following the completion of the system, an examination will be carried out every 12 months.

Soil Contractors

Name Address Phone Email
Terry Priest PO Box 53Corning, OH 43730 740-767-3982 [email protected]
Larry Tornes 811 State Route 61Sunbury, OH 43074 740-965-3254
SoilEnv Consulting, INCSteven Miller PO BOX 172Kilbourne, OH 43032 614-579-1164 [email protected]
ROXOLKyle Baldwin 976 McIntire Ave.Zanesville, OH 43701 740-704-1879 [email protected]

Septic Installers List

If you are searching for a licensed septic installation, please select one from the following list:.

Name Address Phone Number Email
A J Services/Zane Undergound 1115 Putnam AvenueZanesville, OH 43701 740-819-4405 [email protected]
A. Browning ConstructionExcavating LLC 785. S Hopewell Road Hopewell, OH 43746 740-319-3307
Ashbaugh TruckingExcavating 2780 Bethel RoadBremen, OH 43107 740-569-4896
BB Plumbing Inc. 2531 Hopewell Indian Road Bremen, OH 43107 740-404-0440
B.N.M Services Inc. 5644 Mainesville RoadGlenford, OH 43739 740-808-1869
Beagle Hill Services LLC 11333 Hamby Hill RoadFrazeysburg, OH 43822 740-828-9852 [email protected]
Big John LLC 10210 Wesley Chapel Road Mount Perry, OH 43760 740-819-6052
Bob Heavener ExcavatingRobert Heavener PO Box 908New Lexington, OH 43764 740-342-5080
Champion Services 3165 Ellerman Road Zanesville, OH 43701 740-452-7647 [email protected]
ClaggettSons Inc. 3396 Sharon Valley RoadNewark, OH 43055 740-366-5241 [email protected]
Earl Riggs Excavating 10104 Coakley RoadLogan, OH 43138 740-385-4720
Fairview Construction 14219 Pleasant Valley Road Logan, OH 43138 740-385-4445
Flowers ExcavatingJesse Flowers PO Box 191Glenford, OH 43739 740-405-1196 [email protected]
Huffman Excavating 414 North AvenueNew Lexington, OH 43764 740-342-3310
Jack Miller Contracting PO Box 303Junction City, OH 43748 614-313-1926
Jacks Septic Tank Manuel Diaz 247 South 6th StreetNewark, OH 43055 740-366-3255 [email protected]
James Heavener Excavating 2398 Jamestown Road Crooksville, OH 43731 740-342-4835 [email protected]
JR’s Construction and Excavating 27541 West Belpre Pike Coolville, OH 45733 740-667-6162
KN Excavation LLC 1966 Millerburg RoadUtica, OH 43080 740-668-3870
LM Excavating 3400 North Finley RoadMalta, OH 43758 740-962-6312
M.E. GoodSonsMark Good 14897 State Route 595Logan, OH 43138 740-380-2667
Matheny Excavation 6945 Hunter RoadAmanda, OH 43102 740-974-3305 [email protected]
McKosing Construction 2990 Township Road Junction City, OH 43748 740-607-7394
Mock Excavating 4061 Foxfire DriveZanesville, OH 43701 740-849-2561
Ricketts Excavating PO Box 912Lancaster, OH 43130 740-687-0338
Sams Excavating Unlimited, Inc. 4324 St. Paul RoadAshville, OH 43103 740-983-6589
Snider Equipment Rental 6726 Buckeye Valley RoadSomerset, OH 740-605-0905
Spohn ExcavatingTom Spohn 4285 State Route 668Junction City, OH 43748 740-605-6264
Steve Ferguson PO Box 115Crooksville, OH 43731 740-342-9976
Storts ExcavatingJim Storts 6150 Bohemian RoadCorning, OH 43730 740-394-2619
Swartz Excavating 7575 Buckeye Valley RoadSomerset, OH 43783 740-404-0457
Ultimate Enterprises 4961 Township Road 22Glenford, OH 43739 740-659-2515
Wilkins Excavating LLC 3368 Lowe LaneMcConnelsville, OH 43756 740-868-6553
Zemba Bros. 3401 East PikeZanesville, OH 43701 740-452-1880

Information for Contractors

Information on how to register with the Ohio Department of Health Service Provider Registration Application Master Leaching Design As Built Packet Septic Installers Registration Application Septage Hauler Registration Application Service Provider Registration Application

Site Evaluation Form

If you would like to request a Site Evaluation, please complete and submit the Site Evaluation Request Form found here.

Septic Permit Form

If you would like to apply for a Septic Permit, please download and complete the following form. Application for a Septic Permit

Septage Haulers List

Business Address Phone
Ace SepticEric Winters 3750 Chandlersville RoadZanesville, OH 43701 740-454-7867
Affordable Septic Service 918 State Route 93 N.Logan, OH 43138 740-385-9082
Affordable Waste Services PO Box 39 Pataskala, Oh 43062 740-366-7624
Agree Septic ServicesJoe Walton 8060 Oak Hill RoadBreman, OH 43107 740-569-7018
B B Plumbing 2531 Hopewell Indian Road Glenford, OH 43739 740-404-0440
BSS Waste Disposal PO Box 879 Logan, OH 43138 740-756-9100
Green Up SanitationGreg Altier 6775 Congo RoadCorning, OH 43730 740-347-4484
Jacks Septic Tank Cleaning 274 South 6th StreetNewark, OH 43055 740-366-3255
K.G. Helber 16550 Burcham RoadLogan, OH 43138 740-603-5966
Porta Kleen 1030 Millpark AveLancaster, OH 43130 740-689-1886
The Waterworks 550 Schrock RoadColumbus, OH 43229 614-496-4343
Zemba Inc. 3401 East PikeZanesville, OH 43701 740-452-1880
Sickles Sanitation LLC 1035 Pleasant Hill Road Athens, OH 45701 740-592-3480

Lot Split Assessment

* Denotes the presence of real estate inspectors.

Name Address Phone Email
Affordable Waste Services PO Box 39 Pataskala, OH 43062 740-366-7624
Benchmark Environmental Labs, INC PO Box 14740Columbus, OH 43214 614-267-4588 [email protected]
*Fairview Construction 14219 Pleasant Valley RoadLogan, OH 43138 740-385-4445
*Independent Health Services Inc. 223 East 5th AveLancaster, OH 43130 614-267-4222740-974-8848 [email protected]
Jacks Septic, LLC 274 S. 6th StreetNewark, OH 43055 740-366-3255 [email protected]
*M.E. Good and Sons 14897 State Route 595Logan, OH 43138 740-380-2667
Pattison Aerator Repair LLC 65641 Cabin Hill RoadNew Concord, OH 43762 740-432-5809 [email protected]
Sickles Septic Tanks 10637 Oxley RoadAthens, OH 45701 740-593-8302
J.K. Precast 1000 Armbrust AveWashington Court House, OH 43160 740-335-2188

Sewage Treatment Rules

  • Throughout Ohio, raw sewage is escaping treatment and posing a threat to ground water, rivers, and lakes, in part due to the lack of strict enforcement of a patchwork of regulations. State and local health authorities expect that recently passed laws will contribute to reducing the anticipated failure rate of more than 30% of the 628,000 household sewage treatment systems in Ohio, according to state and local health officials. Those guidelines, which became effective this year, will ultimately require all septic system owners to demonstrate that their systems are in adequate functioning order and are receiving regular maintenance. Despite the fact that it has always been the legal for household sewage systems to function correctly, there have been instances where there have been no checks to verify compliance. The director of environmental health for Marion County, Tyler Pigman, explained that in the past, the county issued an installation permit (for a septic system), the homeowner built it, and the county never saw them again. People will be expected to maintain their sewage treatment systems, but health officials have emphasised that they will not be compelled to replace their existing systems unless their current systems cannot be fixed. Local health officials in Marion County, among other places, were unaware that a system was malfunctioning until they got a complaint about it. In addition to contributing to algal blooms from runoff, Pigman stated that malfunctioning systems might also lead to pollution of drinking water wells in the vicinity if they were to collapse. Changing the laws governing septic systems, when thousands of dollars might be at stake, is a challenging political proposition. As a result, Ohio’s previous regulations were in effect since 1977, making them the country’s oldest. The state actually passed new restrictions in 2007, only to have them revoked by the legislature a short time later because they were seen to be excessively burdensome. The Ohio Department of Health’s Assistant Chief for Environmental Health Rebecca Fugitt noted that some counties passed stronger standards, while others did not, resulting in a confusing mix of laws for developers and house purchasers throughout the state. Following the rejection of the 2007 rules, the legislature established a panel to investigate potential revisions. The fact that individuals were not adequately caring for their septic systems was one of the most serious problems, according to Fugitt. “That was the primary factor contributing to our failure rate,” she explained. Although permits were always necessary for system upgrades or installations, there were no regular operating permits to verify that those systems were kept up and running. When it comes to septic systems in older homes constructed before 1970, health authorities in Licking County, for example, aren’t even aware where they’re all situated because there was no recording of their installation, according to Health Commissioner Joe Ebel. Residents will be required to demonstrate that their system is a part of an operation and maintenance program under the new state law. Ebel explained that this may include anything from paying a professional to evaluate and fix the system on a regular basis to a homeowner receiving training to perform the examination themselves. County health authorities will also conduct inspections of systems, but due to staffing restrictions, they will not be able to check all of the residences. Homeowners will face new expenses, which may vary based on where they live. For example, in Licking County, operational permits cost $15, but in Marion County, they cost $20. Permits for mechanical systems are valid for one year, whereas permits for gravity-fed systems are valid for two years. This is based on the assumption that mechanical systems require more maintenance. County maintenance programs will automatically enroll new systems and large improvements, but it is up to counties to select how to access old systems and systems that have been upgraded. Ebel estimates that it will take decades to connect all 30,000 systems in Licking County, while Pigman estimates that it will take 20 years to connect all 9,000 systems in Marion County. As Ebel explained, “it makes logical to attempt to check that all of the systems are operational.” This is a massive endeavor, to put it mildly. Licking County has prioritized the places it intends to target based on the locations of septic problems that have occurred in the county in the past. Pataskala Township, Granville Township, and Licking Township are among the subdivisions included in this grouping. Ebel estimates that it will take many years to complete all of the high-priority locations, which will be completed in phases. Fugitt acknowledged that some individuals would be apprehensive about paying a new cost, but she pointed out that people who use septic systems do not have to pay monthly sewer rates. In addition, she stated that rural residents should make preparations for the day when their septic system fails, just as they would make preparations for the day when they purchase a new roof or furnace. In addition, the new guidelines allow health authorities the authority to order repairs or system replacements if they are deemed essential. Health authorities urged residents to consult with their local health agency, which may be able to provide financing alternatives if a fully new system is required in the future. In addition, Ebel stated that the inspections might result in some households being required to connect to local sewer systems if they do not comply. In addition, Fugitt believes that eradicating failing septic systems is a goal that everyone should work toward. “You’re going to be annoyed when the sewage from your neighbor’s property comes into your yard,” she said. The septic system is in charge. Q AQ. Q AQ. Q AQ. Q AQ. Will the new requirements necessitate the installation of a new septic system? The current state of your system is OK as long as there is no sewage on top of the ground, no missing components or pieces, and no backup in your home. In fact, even if your system is malfunctioning, it may only require modest adjustments to bring it back into conformity with the law. Q.Can you tell me how much this will cost me? A.The state will charge up to $75 for the installation of a new system and $34 for the modification of an existing system. In order to guarantee that systems are operating effectively, local health agencies would most likely levy a regular operational permit fee. Your county determines the amount of this charge, which might range from $15 in Licking County to $20 in Marion County, for example. Q. Will leech fields continue to be permitted? In accordance with the current guidelines, septic tank/leach field systems are still permitted, and they are the preferred method in areas where soil conditions are favorable. In accordance with the current state regulations, soil testing is required to guarantee that the suitable system is implemented as part of new construction. Q.Can the state compel me to make repairs to my septic system? A. Yes, despite the fact that having a failing septic system has long been prohibited. People who have failing systems, according to health experts, should contact their local health departments to discuss funding possibilities or to devise a strategy for repairing the system over time. Is it permissible for health officials to come onto my premises and investigate my system without my consent? A.Yes, although this is unlikely if you can demonstrate to them that the system is being maintained on a regular basis. County officials may still conduct infrequent inspections to ensure that maintenance performed by contractors or homeowners is effective. According to the Ohio Department of Health and Gannett Ohio’s investigation Plan for sewer inspection Since these neighborhoods have a history of high septic system failure rates, the Licking County Health Department has designated them as its top priorities for septic system inspections. Dogwood Lakes is a neighborhood in Bowling Green Township. Knoll Drive is located in Granville Township. Sunset Drive is located in Granville Township. Cole Estates is located in Jersey Township. Kirby Drive is located in Licking Township. Sandy Drive is located in Licking Township. Pataskala is located on Christy Lee Drive. Pataskala is located on Helen Drive. Woodside Drive is located in Pataskala. Derringer Court is located in the St. Albans Township. Sycamore Road in Union Township is where the Licking County Health Department may be found.
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Types of Septic Systems

Septic system design and size can differ significantly from one neighborhood to the next, as well as throughout the country, due to a variety of variables. Household size, soil type, slope of the site, lot size, closeness to sensitive water bodies, weather conditions, and even municipal ordinances are all considerations to take into consideration. The following are 10 of the most often encountered septic system configurations. It should be noted that this is not an exhaustive list; there are several additional types of septic systems.

  • Septic Tank, Conventional System, Chamber System, Drip Distribution System, Aerobic Treatment Unit, Mound Systems, Recirculating Sand Filter System, Evapotranspiration System, Constructed Wetland System, Cluster / Community System, etc.

Septic Tank

This tank is underground and waterproof, and it was designed and built specifically for receiving and partially treating raw home sanitary wastewater. Generally speaking, heavy materials settle at or near the bottom of the tank, whereas greases and lighter solids float to the surface. The sediments are retained in the tank, while the wastewater is sent to the drainfield for further treatment and dispersion once it has been treated.

Conventional System

Septic tanks and trench or bed subsurface wastewater infiltration systems are two types of decentralized wastewater treatment systems (drainfield). When it comes to single-family homes and small businesses, a traditional septic system is the most common type of system. For decades, people have used a gravel/stone drainfield as a method of water drainage. The term is derived from the process of constructing the drainfield. A short underground trench made of stone or gravel collects wastewater from the septic tank in this configuration, which is commonly used.

Effluent filters through the stone and is further cleaned by microorganisms once it reaches the soil below the gravel/stone trench, which is located below the trench.

Chamber System

Gravelless drainfields have been regularly utilized in various states for more than 30 years and have evolved into a standard technology that has mostly replaced gravel systems. Various configurations are possible, including open-bottom chambers, pipe that has been clothed, and synthetic materials such as expanded polystyrene media. Gravelless systems can be constructed entirely of recycled materials, resulting in considerable reductions in carbon dioxide emissions during their lifetime. The chamber system is a type of gravelless system that can be used as an example.

The key advantage of the chamber system is the enhanced simplicity with which it can be delivered and built.

This sort of system is made up of a number of chambers that are connected to one another.

Wastewater is transported from the septic tank to the chambers through pipes. The wastewater comes into touch with the earth when it is contained within the chambers. The wastewater is treated by microbes that live on or near the soil.

Drip Distribution System

An effluent dispersal system such as the drip distribution system may be employed in a variety of drainfield configurations and is very versatile. In comparison to other distribution systems, the drip distribution system does not require a vast mound of dirt because the drip laterals are only placed into the top 6 to 12 inches of soil. In addition to requiring a big dosage tank after the sewage treatment plant to handle scheduled dose delivery of wastewater to drip absorption areas, the drip distribution system has one major disadvantage: it is more expensive.

Aerobic Treatment Unit

Aerobic Treatment Units (ATUs) are small-scale wastewater treatment facilities that employ many of the same procedures as a municipal sewage plant. An aerobic system adds oxygen to the treatment tank using a pump. When there is an increase in oxygen in the system, there is an increase in natural bacterial activity, which then offers extra treatment for nutrients in the effluent. It is possible that certain aerobic systems may additionally include a pretreatment tank as well as a final treatment tank that will include disinfection in order to further lower pathogen levels.

ATUs should be maintained on a regular basis during their service life.

Mound Systems

Using mound systems in regions with short soil depth, high groundwater levels, or shallow bedrock might be a good alternative. A drainfield trench has been dug through the sand mound that was erected. The effluent from the septic tank runs into a pump chamber, where it is pumped to the mound in the amounts recommended. During its release to the trench, the effluent filters through the sand and is dispersed into the native soil, where it continues to be treated. However, while mound systems can be an effective solution for some soil conditions, they demand a significant amount of land and require regular care.

Recirculating Sand Filter System

Sand filter systems can be built either above or below ground, depending on the use. The effluent is discharged from the septic tank into a pump compartment. Afterwards, it is pushed into the sand filter. The sand filter is often made of PVC or a concrete box that is filled with a sand-like substance. The effluent is pushed through the pipes at the top of the filter under low pressure to the drain. As the effluent exits the pipelines, it is treated as it passes through the sand filtering system.

However, sand filters are more costly than a standard septic system because they provide a higher level of nutrient treatment and are thus better suited for areas with high water tables or that are adjacent to bodies of water.

Evapotranspiration System

Evaporative cooling systems feature drainfields that are one-of-a-kind. It is necessary to line the drainfield at the base of the evapotranspiration system with a waterproof material. Following the entry of the effluent into the drainfield, it evaporates into the atmosphere. It is important to note that, unlike other septic system designs, wastewater never filters into the soil and hence never enters groundwater.Evapotranspiration systems are only effective in particular environmental circumstances.

These systems perform effectively in shallow soil; but, if it rains or snows excessively, they are at risk of failing completely.

Constructed Wetland System

Construction of a manufactured wetland is intended to simulate the treatment processes that occur in natural wetland areas. Wastewater goes from the septic tank and into the wetland cell, where it is treated. Afterwards, the wastewater goes into the media, where it is cleaned by microorganisms, plants, and other media that eliminate pathogens and nutrients. Typically, a wetland cell is constructed with an impermeable liner, gravel and sand fill, and the necessary wetland plants, all of which must be capable of withstanding the constant saturation of the surrounding environment.

As wastewater travels through the wetland, it may escape the wetland and flow onto a drainfield, where it will undergo more wastewater treatment before being absorbed into the soil by bacteria.

Cluster / Community System

In certain cases, a decentralized wastewater treatment system is owned by a group of people and is responsible for collecting wastewater from two or more residences or buildings and transporting it to a treatment and dispersal system placed on a suitable location near the dwellings or buildings. Cluster systems are widespread in settings like rural subdivisions, where they may be found in large numbers.

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