How to keep your septic system working properly
- Use water efficiently.
- Repair leaky faucets and running toilets.
- Don’t treat your toilet like a trash can.
- Limit your use of heavy-duty cleaners.
- Don’t flush toxic chemicals (or pour them down the drain).
- Mind your landscaping.
- Don’t disrupt the drain field.
- The best and most cost-effective way to increase the working capacity of your existing septic tank is to boost its efficiency from the inside out. Installing a septic aerator can provide significant increases in decomposition rates and remediation processes within the tank by providing a fertile environment for highly efficient aerobic bacteria.
How do I improve my septic leach field?
While a clogged drain field cannot be snaked out and cleared like a drain pipe, you can take steps to alleviate the problem.
- Shock the System With Bacteria.
- Reduce Water Usage.
- Avoid Harsh Chemicals.
- Change to Gentler Toilet Paper and Soap.
- Contact a Septic Professional.
How can I improve my septic tank performance?
The secrets on how to improve your septic system
- The secret to a good septic system!!
- 1: Regular Pumping.
- 2: Regular Inspection.
- 3: Keep Accurate records.
- 4: Reduce Water Consumption.
- 5: Things you should avoid putting into your system:
- 6: Improve your septic system design:
How do you fix a saturated leach field?
Additional ways to help keep the soil in your drain field from becoming over-saturated include:
- Avoid using too many water fixtures in the home at once.
- Ensure all home gutter downspouts are directed away from the drain field.
- Don’t point lawn sprinklers toward drain field.
Can you add dirt on top of leach field?
Never add additional soil over the drain field unless it is a minimal amount used to restore an area that may have been eroded or pulled up by removing another plant. Try not to be overly zealous when tilling the soil for planting. Remember that the drain lines may be as close as 6 inches from the soil surface.
Should I add lime to my septic tank?
Hydrated lime can be bought from any hardware store. It should be added to the septic tank by either being flushed down the toilet or by running it through the kitchen sink. Approximately 5 kg of hydrated lime are needed for a regular-sized septic tank, according to the Outback Communities Authority website.
How do I keep my septic tank healthy?
Do’s and Don’ts when maintaining your septic system
- Regularly inspect and maintain your septic system.
- Pump your septic tank as needed.
- Keep your septic tank lids closed and secured.
- Be water-wise.
- Direct water from land and roof drains away from the drainfield.
- Landscape with love.
- Keep septic tank lids easily accessible.
What are the signs that your septic tank is full?
Here are some of the most common warning signs that you have a full septic tank:
- Your Drains Are Taking Forever.
- Standing Water Over Your Septic Tank.
- Bad Smells Coming From Your Yard.
- You Hear Gurgling Water.
- You Have A Sewage Backup.
- How often should you empty your septic tank?
How long does it take for a saturated drain field to dry out?
The groundwater will take time to recede to the level of the bottom of the drainfield. This could happen within a week or two or require a couple of months.
How long does a leach field last?
It’s important to consider the life expectancy of a drain-field, too. Under normal conditions and good care, a leach-field will last for 50 years or more. Concrete septic tanks are sturdy and reliable but not indestructible.
How do you know if your septic field is failing?
The first signs of a failing septic system may include slow draining toilets and sinks, gurgling noises within the plumbing, sewage odors inside, continuing drainage backups, or bacteria in the well water. The area of the strongest odor will point to the location of the failure in the septic system.
Can you put gravel over a leach field?
Adding gravel, bark or other fill over the drainfield can disrupt the soil’s process and may harm your system. Only the addition a very thin layer of topsoil is acceptable. Never plant vegetable gardens on or near a drainfield. This type of wastewater is best kept away from any plants you plan on ingesting.
What can you put on top of leach field?
Put plastic sheets, bark, gravel or other fill over the drainfield. Reshape or fill the ground surface over the drainfield and reserve area. However, just adding topsoil is generally OK if it isn’t more than a couple of inches. Make ponds on or near the septic system and the reserve area.
Can you put a garden over a septic field?
Planting over a septic leach field (drain field) is possible if it is done with care. If you have limited space on your property where you can garden, the leach field may be the only spot for landscaping. Vegetable gardening over a leach field is not recommended.
The secrets on how to improve your septic system
The key to a well functioning septic system! Almost all of us prefer to forget that we have a septic system at all most of the time. When something is out of sight, it is definitely out of mind! When your septic system isn’t functioning properly, it may quickly turn into a real nightmare situation for you. Bad stench, water backing up in your home, and perhaps tainted wastewater ponding on your lawn are all possible consequences. Mr. Michael Deighan, our in-house septic system specialist, explains how to keep your septic system in good operating order so that you never have to deal with these concerns again, in plain English.
Because our septic system is buried in the ground, we don’t usually think about it, and it’s not an issue until it’s too late, which is often the case.
It’s difficult to think of everything, but it’s critical to plan regular pumping of your septic system since it will save you hundreds of dollars over the course of your whole life.
As the solids build up in your septic system, there is a reduction in solids settling and an increased danger of short-circuiting and reduced treatment.
Inspection on a regular basis Confide in your industry specialist and the advice they give you.
These routine inspections provide you the opportunity to detect an issue before it becomes too late.
3: Maintain complete and accurate records It is critical to keep accurate records on your septic system, which should include the following information: – Septic system pumping records– Septic system maintenance records– Septic system location drawings that have been updated Selling your house, doing septic system maintenance, and completing repairs on your property will be much easier if you keep good records.
- Reduce the amount of water you use.
- It is possible to prevent overburdening your septic system and leachfield by installing high-efficiency equipment such as toilets, high-efficiency shower heads, washer/dryers, and dishwashers in your home.
- Among the things you should avoid taking into your system are the following: -Fats and/or Greasing -Motor oils or fuels are a type of fuel.
- -Coffee grinds, egg shells, and nutshells are all good options.
- Traditional septic systems have a lifespan of between 10 and 25 years, depending on the model.
- The existing septic tank can be used to improve the overall performance of the septic system by adding an aerobic treatment unit.
- ClearPod is a drop-in, fixed-film aerobic treatment system that treats onsite wastewater while utilizing existing infrastructure and equipment.
If you have a flash load of solids due to a high number of people attending your event, an aerobic treatment unit can assist in treating the organic load and reducing the impact on the entire system.
Better-quality wastewater exiting the septic tank implies less stress on the leachfield, allowing the system to recover more quickly.
Installation is straightforward and takes no more than an hour on average.
As a result, these pollutants have the potential to seep into the soil and contaminate the surrounding ecosystem and groundwater supplies.
This might cause damage to infrastructure or compress the soil layer, making it impossible for water to percolate freely through the Soil Layer any more.
Roof drains, sump pumps, and other drainage systems should all be installed at a downward slope from your septic system’s gradient.
Water that is not used up during the wastewater treatment process is called surplus water. Sources: If you would like more information or would like to request information on purchasing and direct shipment, please contact Mike Deighan at +1 902 940 0836 or [email protected]
3 Tips for Better Drainfield Care
A septic system’s ability to effectively handle waste is dependent on a number of distinct components functioning together in perfect harmony. If you fail to keep track of any of these components during routine maintenance, your septic system may suffer a malfunction. There are several components of a septic system that homeowners may be unfamiliar with, including the drainfield. The liquid waste that has been separated from the solid waste is released from the septic tank into the drainfield through a series of parallel pipes that are connected together.
You must take specific actions in order to help ensure that your drainfield continues to function properly in the future.
1. Keep the Surface Above the Drainfield Clear
You must be aware of the exact location of your drainfield in order to keep the surface above this area free of debris and debris. Pipes that service your drainfield may shift due to the weight of objects such as a parked car or a storage shed in the area. Consequently, inappropriate drainage may occur, potentially resulting in significant plumbing issues in the future. If you are unsure about the location of your drainfield, you can obtain a copy of the original permit for the construction of your property’s septic system from the municipal records department.
You should also avoid growing any greenery that might cause damage to your drainfield pipe system.
In contrast, herbs and shrubs with shallow roots can aid in the prevention of soil erosion inside the drainfield as well as the improvement of drainage capacity.
2. Watch What You Put Down Drains
The types of products that you allow to enter your home’s drains have a direct impact on the quality of your drainage system. The septic tank is capable of processing water and bathroom waste with relative ease. It has been shown that when just certain sorts of waste are flushed down drains, the effluent released from the septic tank into the drainfield is rather clear and easy to disseminate. When grease and oils find their way into your drains, they can cause serious problems. These products adhere to the surface of any water source that they come into contact with, forming a protective film.
Fatty substances such as grease and oil can clog drainfield pipes and cause your septic system to fail to function properly.
3. Pump Your Septic Tank Often
When it comes to septic system maintenance, one of the most common mistakes that homeowners make is forgetting to have the tank pumped on a regular basis. When a tank gets overflowing, it becomes difficult to distinguish between solid and liquid wastes. A solid waste stream is released into the drainfield as a result of this. The fact that the pipes inside the drainfield are not designed to handle solid waste products results in clogs forming and waste processing coming to a complete stop. It will be necessary to leave a drainfield that has become blocked with solid waste due to its clogging.
In order for your septic system to work properly, it is critical that the drainfield be in good condition.
Take the necessary steps to guarantee that your drainfield is in good condition at all times. ContactAllen’s Septic Tank Service for additional information on methods that you may boost the efficiency and life span of your drainfield.
3 Ways To Restore Your Drainfield
Not all homes have access to a municipal sewer infrastructure. Septic tanks, which are underground waste treatment facilities, are used to treat the waste from these homes. In order to safely handle the solid and liquid wastes that are flushed down a building’s drain, a septic system is comprised of a complicated sequence of components that all operate together. If any of these components fails, the septic system will not work properly. The drainfield is the last and most important component of both residential and commercial septic systems.
- The soil in the drainfield allows the wastewater to percolate through it and into the ground.
- A clogged drain and the release of raw sewage onto the ground surface are both possible consequences of a malfunctioning drainfield.
- Drainfield additives, including biological, organic, and inorganic components, can be used to restore the functionality of a failing drainfield.
- Chemical additives, both organic and inorganic, include powerful acids and bases that can cause corrosion in a septic tank.
- The bacteria in a biological additive also aid in the processing of solid waste in the septic tank and the separation of liquid effluent from solid waste released into the drainfield more efficiently.
- Aeration through mechanical means Traditional septic tanks rely on anaerobic bacteria to aid in the decomposition of waste, which is why they are so expensive.
Using the power of aeration, aerobic systems may produce higher quality liquid effluent, which is subsequently discharged into the drainfield.
These bacteria can digest waste in a septic tank up to 20 times quicker than anaerobic bacteria, which is extremely beneficial.
The soil can more easily process the liquid waste, which allows the drainfield to resume its normal function.
Substituting for It is possible that the function of an existing drainfield will not be restored.
In order to guarantee that the system continues to remove and process waste efficiently, a second drainfield can be connected to the septic tank.
This may be a pricey endeavor, so speak with an expert to evaluate whether or not new drainfield construction is the best option for you.
It is possible to effectively attach a septic tank to the first drainfield if the second drainfield encounters any issues in the future as a result of this method.
As soon as you see that your drainfield is operating inefficiently, you should take steps to rectify the situation right away.
If you are concerned about the operation of your waste processing system, you should consult with the professionals at Southern Sanitary Systems Inc.
Schedule a comprehensive examination of your septic system immediately to uncover drainfield problems and rejuvenate your septic system as quickly as possible.
How to Care for Your Septic System
Septic system maintenance is neither difficult or expensive, and it does not have to be done frequently. The maintenance of a vehicle is comprised of four major components:
- Inspect and pump your drainfield on a regular basis
- Conserve water
- Dispose of waste properly
- And keep your drainfield in good condition.
Inspect and Pump Frequently
Inspection of the ordinary residential septic system should be performed by a septic service specialist at least once every three years. Household septic tanks are normally pumped every three to five years, depending on how often they are used. Alternative systems that use electrical float switches, pumps, or mechanical components should be examined more frequently, typically once a year, to ensure that they are in proper working order. Because alternative systems contain mechanical components, it is essential to have a service contract.
- The size of the household
- The total amount of wastewater produced
- The amount of solids present in wastewater
- The size of the septic tank
Service provider coming? Here is what you need to know.
When you contact a septic service provider, he or she will inspect your septic tank for leaks as well as the scum and sludge layers that have built up over time. Maintain detailed records of any maintenance work conducted on your septic system. Because of the T-shaped outlet on the side of your tank, sludge and scum will not be able to escape from the tank and travel to the drainfield region. A pumping is required when the bottom of the scum layer or the top of the sludge layer is within six inches of the bottom of the outlet, or if the top of the sludge layer is within 12 inches of the bottom of the outlet.
In the service report for your system, the service provider should mention the completion of repairs as well as the condition of the tank.
An online septic finder from the National Onsite Wastewater Recycling Association (NOWRA) makes it simple to identify service specialists in your region.
Use Water Efficiently
In a normal single-family house, the average indoor water consumption is about 70 gallons per person, per day, on average. A single leaking or running toilet can waste as much as 200 gallons of water each day, depending on the situation. The septic system is responsible for disposing of all of the water that a residence sends down its pipes. The more water that is conserved in a household, the less water that enters the sewage system. Efficient water use improves the operation of a septic system and reduces the risk of failure.
- Toilets with a high level of efficiency. The usage of toilets accounts for 25 to 30% of total home water use. Many older homes have toilets with reservoirs that hold 3.5 to 5 gallons of water, but contemporary, high-efficiency toilets consume 1.6 gallons or less of water for each flush. Changing out your old toilets for high-efficiency versions is a simple approach to lessen the amount of household water that gets into your septic system. Aerators for faucets and high-efficiency showerheads are also available. Reduce water use and the volume of water entering your septic system by using faucet aerators, high-efficiency showerheads, and shower flow restriction devices. Machines for washing clothes. Water and energy are wasted when little loads of laundry are washed on the large-load cycle of your washing machine. By selecting the appropriate load size, you may limit the amount of water wasted. If you are unable to specify a load size, only complete loads of washing should be performed. Washing machine use should be spread throughout the week if at all possible. Doing all of your household laundry in one day may appear to be a time-saving strategy
- However, it can cause damage to your septic system by denying your septic tank enough time to treat waste and may even cause your drainfield to flood. Machines that have earned theENERGY STARlabel consume 35 percent less energy and 50 percent less water than ordinary ones, according to the Environmental Protection Agency. Other Energy Star appliances can save you a lot of money on your energy and water bills.
Properly Dispose of Waste
Everything that goes down your drains, whether it’s flushed down the toilet, ground up in the trash disposal, or poured down the sink, shower, or bath, ends up in your septic system, which is where it belongs. What you flush down the toilet has an impact on how effectively your septic system functions.
Toilets aren’t trash cans!
Your septic system is not a garbage disposal system.
A simple rule of thumb is to never flush anything other than human waste and toilet paper down the toilet. Never flush a toilet:
- Cooking grease or oil
- Wipes that are not flushable, such as baby wipes or other wet wipes
- Photographic solutions
- Feminine hygiene products Condoms
- Medical supplies such as dental floss and disposable diapers, cigarette butts and coffee grounds, cat litter and paper towels, pharmaceuticals, and household chemicals such as gasoline and oil, insecticides, antifreeze, and paint or paint thinners
Toilet Paper Needs to Be Flushed! Check out this video, which demonstrates why the only item you should flush down your toilet are toilet paper rolls.
Think at the sink!
Your septic system is made up of a collection of living organisms that digest and treat the waste generated by your household. Pouring pollutants down your drain can kill these organisms and cause damage to your septic system as well as other things. Whether you’re at the kitchen sink, the bathtub, or the utility sink, remember the following:
- If you have a clogged drain, avoid using chemical drain openers. To prevent this from happening, use hot water or a drain snake
- Never dump cooking oil or grease down the sink or toilet. It is never a good idea to flush oil-based paints, solvents, or huge quantities of harmful cleansers down the toilet. Even latex paint waste should be kept to a bare minimum. Disposal of rubbish should be avoided or limited to a minimum. Fats, grease, and particles will be considerably reduced in your septic tank, reducing the likelihood of your drainfield being clogged.
Own a recreational vehicle (RV), boat or mobile home?
When dealing with a clogged drain, stay away from chemical drain openers if possible. To prevent clogging, use hot water or a drain snake; Don’t ever flush cooking oil or grease down the toilet. It is never a good idea to flush oil-based paints, solvents, or huge amounts of harmful cleansers down the toilet. We should strive to reduce even latex paint waste. Disposal of rubbish should be eliminated or limited to a minimum. In turn, this will dramatically limit the quantity of fats, grease, and sediments that enter your septic tank and eventually block its drainfield; and
- The National Small Flows Clearinghouse’s Septic System Care hotline, which may be reached toll-free at 800-624-8301, has a factsheet on safe wastewater disposal for RV, boat, and mobile home owners and operators.
Maintain Your Drainfield
It is critical that you maintain the integrity of your drainfield, which is a component of your septic system that filters impurities from the liquid that emerges from your septic tank once it has been installed. Here are some things you should do to keep it in good condition:
- Parking: Do not park or drive on your drainfield at any time. Plan your tree plantings so that their roots do not grow into your drainfield or septic system. An experienced septic service provider can recommend the appropriate distance for your septic tank and surrounding landscaping, based on your specific situation. Placing:Keep roof drains, sump pumps, and other rainwater drainage systems away from your drainfield area. Excess water causes the wastewater treatment process to slow down or halt completely.
Common Methods of Drain Field Rehabilitation
Do not park or drive on your drainfield; it is illegal to do so. Construction: Plant trees at a proper distance from your drainfield to prevent roots from growing into your septic system. An experienced septic service provider can recommend the appropriate distance for your septic tank and surrounding landscaping, based on your particular situation. Locating Your Drainfield: Keep any roof drains, sump pumps, and other rainfall drainage systems away from the drainfield area. In excess water, the wastewater treatment process will slow down or halt completely;
1. Jetting and Mechanical Aeration
Over time, sludge and debris are likely to collect inside the septic system, leading to clogged pipes and blocked lateral lines. Techniques including as jetting and mechanical aeration might be used to restore the condition of your drain field. Water jetting, as the name indicates, is a procedure that includes the use of a powerful burst of water to clear obstructions and unclog obstructed lines. For mechanical aeration, on the other hand, it is necessary to fracture the soil surrounding the drain field in order to produce new natural drainage channels, which will increase flow and drainage.
2. Leach Field Treatments
The use of an additive is one of the most straightforward and risk-free methods of repairing a drain field. It entails adding organic treatments and biological products such as baking soda and yeast to the leach field in order to clear clogging, dispel odors, and correct a chemical imbalance. These treatments encourage the growth of both anaerobic and aerobic bacteria, which in turn helps to bring the drain field back to life.
3. Installing Clean-outs and Vents
If jetting or mechanical aeration do not successfully restore flow, your service provider may suggest adding clean-outs and vents as an alternative solution.
Clean-outs and vents are components that aid in the improvement of flow by avoiding obstructions and floods from occurring. The drain field is equipped with built-in monitoring systems that identify clogs and obstructions, ensuring that the drain field is operating at peak performance.
Terralift is a ground-breaking drain field rehabilitation technique that uses high pressure to drive air into the soil and restore it to its original condition. This aids in the formation of fractures and the loosening of dirt and debris, which in turn aids in the restoration of the septic system’s functions. When it comes to eliminating bio-mat, which generally collects beneath distribution lines and along the sides of drain field trenches, this procedure is appropriate.
5. Drain Field Replacement
For drain fields older than 25-30 years, finding a replacement may be the only logical answer to the problem. Nonetheless, make certain that you use a seasoned septic system service provider to ensure that your system is properly designed, installed, and regularly maintained.
Benefits of Drain Field Rehabilitation
A wide range of advantages are available to property owners who invest in drain field rehabilitation. Drain field restoration, in addition to extending the life of your leach field, can save you from the ever-increasing costs of installing a replacement. Here are some other advantages of drain field restoration:
Optimizes system performance
The purpose of repairing a drain field is to enhance the overall function of the septic system in which it is installed. When you hire drain field restoration services, you can expect your wastewater to be disposed of efficiently and without interruption.
Improves water quality
The most recent methods of drain field rehabilitation are aimed at enhancing the quality of groundwater and surface water since they do not entail the use of harsh chemicals and acids that might be harmful to the surrounding environment.
Preserves your lawn
Despite the fact that an overflowing drain field may result in a lush grass, the long-term impact on the ecosystem is not favorable for the environment. Restoring your drain field will address issues such as stagnant water and sludge buildup on your lawn, allowing you to enjoy your backyard for longer time periods.
Get Assistance by Contacting All Septic and Sewer
Your septic system’s life may be extended by a few more years if your drain field is properly maintained and repaired. According to this theory, if your leach field is operating at peak performance, the entire system will likewise be operating at peak performance. The outcome of this process, on the other hand, is determined by the sort of septic service provider you use. Our drain field rehabilitation services are designed to help you get the most out of your septic system by restoring it to its optimal performance.
Dial our number today and allow us to restore your drain field to its optimal level.
4 Tips to Extend the Life of Your Septic System Drain Field
If you have recently purchased a property that is equipped with a septic system, you should get familiar with septic tank maintenance. However, you need also learn how to properly care for your septic system’s drain field, also known as its leach field, in order to avoid issues and extend the life of your system. While the average drain field lasts around 20 years, a properly maintained drain field can last up to 50 years or more if it is regularly maintained. Continue reading to find out four tips for extending the life of your drain field.
- Ensure that your septic tank is pumped on a regular basis.
- Every 3 to 5 years, you should have your septic tank drained to eliminate the sludge layer that has accumulated over time in the tank.
- Eventually, this muck will jam your drain field pipes.
- You may also cover your drain field with a layer of thick grass, which will help to extend the life and effectiveness of the system.
- A plant cover will help to decrease soil erosion while also absorbing surplus precipitation from the drain field’s groundwater.
- The root systems of trees and shrubs can reach deep into the field and cause harm to your drainage lines.
Many of them have large root systems that extend as far as their height when they are fully grown.
Because your drain field is responsible for absorbing the wastewater (also known as effluent) that flows out of your septic tank, you should limit the amount of other water that it absorbs.
The result may be a backup of water into your septic tank, which may then back up into your home’s drainage system.
Also, if your drain field is located close to your home, make sure that none of your home’s gutter spouts are pointed at it.
You must constantly be aware of the exact location of your drain field border and avoid placing anything heavy within this perimeter, even if it is only for a short period of time.
The drain field should not be used for parking automobiles or any other type of heavy equipment.
Furthermore, do not construct a shed or other outdoor storage structure over a drain field; even though the building materials appear to be lightweight, the combined weight of the building and the objects it will eventually house might be sufficient to cause a drain field pipe to burst.
If you have any more questions about proper drain field care or need septic system services now, contact the septic system experts atThe Nibbler Company.
Investigating Drain Field Rehabilitation for Septic Systems
The septic system, previously considered a transitory solution for the treatment of household wastewater, is still the best option for private houses and small towns in areas where accessing municipal sewage systems would be too expensive. These onsite systems collect, process, and discharge about 4 billion gallons of wastewater each day from an estimated 26 million households in the United States. Concerns regarding the influence of these systems ongroundwaterandsurface water qualityhave prompted interest in enhancing system performance.
Septic System Design
Septic systems are often designed in a straightforward manner, making them less expensive to construct and operate in the long run. Septic systems are less disruptive to the environment because they use natural processes to treat wastewater on site, which is typically in a homeowner’s backyard. Because they do not involve the building of miles of sewage lines, they are less harmful to the environment. There are also many innovative designs for septic systems that allow them to be installed in areas with shallow soils or other site-related conditions that were previously considered unsuitable for on-lot treatment and dispersal.Although the septic tank settles out most of the heavier solids and breaks down almost half of the suspended solids from household wastewater, the effluent still contains a high amount of biodegradable organic materials and a high level of bacterial contamination.
The sewage produced by a septic tank hence is unsuitable for direct release into surface waters or onto land surfaces.
In order to accomplish this and dispose of the partially treated wastewater, the most common method is to use subsurface soil absorption, which is accomplished through a septic drain field.
Neglecting the upkeep of system components will only result in failure.Advertisement
Septic System Failure
Septic system failure can be caused by a variety of factors, including faulty placement, design, or construction, as well as the simple misuse of water-generating appliances, among others. When a septic system fails, it has the potential to pollute nearby water resources and put the public’s health in danger. Children are the most vulnerable to these health problems because they are the ones who come into contact with the contaminated areas on a regular basis. As long as the septic tank is waterproof and is pumped on a regular basis, there is very little that can go wrong with it itself.
- Known sometimes as a septic drain field, a soil absorption system is a network of perforated pipes or chambers that are placed underground and transmit processed wastewater—the liquid outflow (effluent) from a septic tank—out across a vast area of soil.
- In addition to absorbing organic materials, reducing or eliminating bacteria and viruses, and removing some nutrients from effluent, the drain field also serves as a natural filter for the water.
- If the soils are no longer able to receive the effluent being supplied, the effluent will either rise to the ground surface or “blow out” at the end of the final trench, depending on the circumstances.
- As soon as the effluent reaches the drain field, microorganisms in the soil begin to flourish as a result of the increased food supply.
a snapshot from a Marshall Remodel video on building a septic system, taken from the YouTube channel Marshall Remodel. You can see the entire video here:.
What Causes Septic Drain or Drain Field Failure?
There are a variety of factors that might cause drain field failure, including severe rainfall, tree roots interfering with the drainlines, the disposal of decay-resistant materials, cars driving over the system, and cracked pipes. Hydraulic overloading and biological overloading are the two most prominent causes of this condition. Hydraulic overloading occurs when an inadequately built system is subjected to an excessive amount of water. Groundwater and bedrock depths, as well as other site factors, are taken into consideration while developing an initial system design.
- Capacity is typically measured in terms of the number of bedrooms in a house, however this may not be a reliable method of determining the amount of flow generated.
- It is critical to avoid introducing an excessive amount of water into the system at one time.
- The installation of equipment such as trash disposals and dishwashers can have a significant impact on the quality of the wastewater that is discharged into the system.
- In order to accommodate the added load from appliances, many municipal and state regulatory agencies mandate that onsite systems be greater in capacity.
How to Restore Septic Drain Field
The ability to acquire particular information about a malfunctioning onsite system is critical in order to identify the problem and choose the best course of action. When collecting detailed information on a system, the following procedures might be very useful:
- Visual examination of the failure should be carried out in order to confirm the issue. Ensure that all system components are thoroughly inspected, and that any mechanical components, such as float switches and flow diverters, are thoroughly tested. Ensure that you have a thorough understanding of the system’s functioning and maintenance history. A review of the previous three to five years of operation and maintenance will frequently uncover a potential problem. It may be as easy as pumping the tank or cleaning the tank filter to make the necessary adjustment. It is also necessary to assess the age of the system. Obtain a copy of the original permission, as well as any modifications to the permit. Among the information in this permit will be a layout of the system derived from a site survey or original design drawings
- Calculate estimated loading rates based on the original design and permit. Examine the findings of the soil testing. The permission should specify that soil samples be conducted to determine the soil profile and to locate any soil boundaries that may be present if they are not already included in the permit. Obtain a detailed report on the signs and symptoms of the failure. For example, surfacing effluent above the drain field indicates that the soil may be overburdened, either with an excessive quantity of total water or with an excessive amount of organic matter, which has blocked the soil pores and caused them to get clogged. Additionally, if the failure is seasonal in nature, it is likely that moist weather conditions were the root reason. Determining the amount of waste water that enters the system is important. When using data from the dwelling’s water meters, it is necessary to compare the actual flow (even if it is predicted) to the design loadings. This will provide a decent estimate of how much wastewater is entering the wastewater system on a regular basis. Leaking plumbing fittings will cause this statistic to be skewed, since more water will enter the system as a result. In order to prevent further leakage, all leaking fittings must be fixed.
Before any remedial measures are performed, it may be required to take some more steps to test the ideas that have been generated. Wastewater metering or testing, equipment testing and monitoring, or more soil testing may all be beneficial in determining the root cause of the system failure more precisely. Before any corrective action can be taken, it is possible that repair permits will be necessary. Make contact with your local health department or permitting agency to find out what is necessary in order to receive such a license.
Depending on the results of the inquiry into the reasons of failure indicated above, a variety of repair or remediation strategies may be employed. The economic implications as well as the flexibility of local permitting organizations must also be taken into consideration. The technologies that are authorized differ from state to state and from municipality to municipality. Using a short-term method, such as water conservation, may be viable if the neighborhood is slated to obtain municipal sewage in a short period of time.
- Drain field failure should be regarded as a major health threat, and it should be addressed with a long-term perspective in mind.
- It is possible that the pipe will be able to work correctly if the earth surrounding it is allowed to dry out.
- It is common for a 30 percent decrease in water use to be required before the drain field can be restored.
- In the event that tree roots are preventing the soil absorption field from functioning properly, they can be cut out and removed.
- The introduction of some innovative technologies has the potential to give temporary relief in the event of drain field collapse.
- If the problem is caused by poor or compacted soil, another new technology known as soil fracturing may be able to provide some relief to the situation.
- This is highly specialized equipment.
- Later, polystyrene pellets are pumped into the newly aerated soil, which helps to maintain airflow by keeping passageways open and preventing the soil from compacting again.
- It is critical to verify with local health officials to see whether this technology or a comparable method has been allowed for use in the specific circumstance in question.
In many states, the process falls through the cracks of the regulatory system, regardless of whether it is a repair that necessitates the use of a repair permit.
Corrective procedures alone are not always sufficient; in some circumstances, a new soil absorption system must be developed. It is possible to install new soil absorption systems either in a separate region so that the old system is not disrupted, or between the existing trenches if there is sufficient space. An alternate drain field system includes these extra lines, which are regarded to be part of the system. An additional diversion valve has been constructed in order to allow for the future redirection of septic tank wastewater to either of the two soil absorption systems, if necessary.
The process of renewal takes around two years.
(If a septic tank pumper can open the field and remove as much of the ponded wastewater as feasible, the old drain field will recover more quickly.) An owner who has installed a replacement system should switch back to the original drain field after two years, and then alternate between the two systems on a yearly basis beyond that point.
- In order to keep track of the state of the drain fields, it is recommended that each field have an observation tube installed.
- Alternatively, if there is insufficient space for a new system and the existing system is a trench system with at least 6 ft of undisturbed soil between the trenches, it may be conceivable to interlace new replacement trenches between the existing ones.
- Another alternative for reducing the organic load on the drain field is the installation of a sophisticated treatment system, such as an aerobic treatment unit or an asand filter, to treat the wastewater.
- They are typically used to rehabilitate biologically blocked, failing septic tank soil absorption units that have become clogged.
- Sand filters, which are made up of a bed of sand about 2 or 3 feet deep and often enclosed in a liner, are designed to receive partially treated effluent in a series of intermittent doses.
- Sand filters are extremely effective at removing high concentrations of suspended solids and are capable of withstanding high hydraulic loads, among other things.
- Although similar to septic tanks in that they treat wastewater through natural processes, aerobic treatment units (ATUs) require oxygen in order to function properly, whereas septic tanks do not.
- During the aerobic treatment process, bacteria that thrive in oxygen-rich conditions work to break down and digest the wastewater that passes through the unit.
- When compared to conventional septic tank effluent, which contains suspended particles in the range of 100 to 250 mg/L, this extra step reduces the quantity of total suspended solids to less than 10 to 15 mg/L (total suspended solids fewer than 10 to 15 mg/L).
Aerobic effluent produces the symptoms in situations where the soil absorption units have failed as a result of excessive biomat formation in the soil.
5 Things Homeowners Should Know About Their Septic Drain Field
There are certain distinctions in care, usage, and budgeting that you should be aware of, whether you’re a new homeowner with an existing septic system or considering about purchasing or building a home without sewer hookups. This guide outlines three ways in which your budget will be affected if your wastewater is treated using a septic system. 1. You will not be required to budget for municipal sewer service. Because the municipal wastewater system typically processes all of the water, the cost of city sewer service is frequently determined by how much water you purchase from the city.
- A large number of homes with septic systems also rely on wells for fresh water rather than municipal water, which means you’ll likely save money in that department as well.
- It is necessary to include septic maintenance in your budget.
- Although you are not required to pay the city for the usage of your septic system, you will be responsible for the costs of maintenance if you want the system to continue to function properly.
- It is possible that these maintenance and repair costs will add up over time, so you may want to consider setting up an emergency fund to cover any unexpected repair costs.
- You’ll also need to budget for the cost of a single inspection and begin saving for the cost of a tank pump.
- Spreading the costs out over several months is the most effective budgeting strategy, even for an expense such as tank pumping that does not occur every year, because it allows you to better anticipate the costs ahead of time.
- You may need to set aside money for septic tank replacement.
The tank and leach field may not need to be replaced if you have a reasonably recent septic system and plan to sell your home within a few years.
If, on the other hand, your home’s septic system is more than a decade old, you’ll want to start looking into how much a replacement system will cost you as soon as possible.
For example, if the previous owners did not do routine maintenance or if the system was installed on clay soil, the system may need to be replaced.
It is a prudent decision to begin putting money aside in anticipation of this eventuality.
When you have a septic system, you may use these three strategies to budget differently.
Make an appointment with us right away if you’re searching for someone to pump out your septic tank or to complete an annual examination of your septic system. Our experts at C.E. Taylor and Son Inc. would be happy to assist you with any septic system assessment, maintenance, or repair needs.
Increase Bacteria in a Septic Tank
In order to increase bacteria in a septic tank, it is necessary to perform routine inspections, timely maintenance, and avoid actions that would otherwise deplete the bacteria’s natural supply. When everything else fails, use an addition to boost the amount of bacteria in your septic tank. If you are advised to use an additive, follow the instructions provided by the additive manufacturer. Additives may appear to be cost-effective solutions, but they can actually cause problems, particularly if you don’t have annual inspections and routine septic tank pumping performed.
Septic Tank Additives Cannot Replace Routine Maintenance
Solids, grease, and oil are separated from wastewater before it is discharged into the drain field by your septic tank. Aquatic bacteria, including aerobic and anaerobic bacteria, colonize the tank and clean the water while also decomposing organic materials. Oils and grease congeal to produce “scum,” which rises to the surface of the tank’s surface. Solids that cannot be broken down settle and aggregate in the tank, forming a substance known as sludge, which is a term used to describe this accumulation.
A well functioning septic system would, therefore, require regular septic tank pumping, which is typically performed every three to five years.
An older septic system – even one that is ten years old – may require upgrading or replacement.
When are Additives Safe for Your Septic Tank?
Inorganic chemicals, organic solvents, and biological additions are all possibilities for septic tank additives. However, before utilizing any of them, please speak with a specialist to ensure that they are suitable for your system. (You can reach us via phone at (503) 630-7802). Solid inorganic additives, which are often acidic or alkaline in nature, can interfere with the proper operation of your septic tank, allowing raw sewage to run into your drain field and clogging pipes and the soil. These chemicals have the potential to damage tanks and distribution boxes as well.
Some examples of how to accomplish this are as follows:
- Reduce the quantity of water you use by repairing leaking faucets, doing laundry on an irregular basis rather than all at once, and purchasing equipment that use less water. Always avoid draining a hot tub or swimming pool into your septic system or drain field.
- Don’t overload your septic system with fats, grease, oils, or gasoline. You should also avoid putting coffee grounds, eggshells, or nut shells in your septic system. Reduce the amount of time you use your garbage disposal
- Use toilet paper that has been specially formulated for septic systems– Some toilet paper decomposes more quickly than others. Never flush feminine products or wipes of any kind down the toilet.
- Consider using septic-system-friendly toilet paper
- Some types are more easily digested than others. Always dispose of feminine products and wipes in the toilet
How to Extend the Life of Your Septic Drain Field
Increasing the Life Expectancy of Your Septic Drain Field In a septic system, the drain field is one of the most critical components to consider. Drain fields, sometimes known as “leach” fields, can occasionally be used to gauge the overall health of a septic system by simply inspecting them. Because it is such an essential element of the septic process, it is critical that you take good care of your drain field and ensure that it is adequately protected from items that might interfere with its efficacy.
In your septic system, the drain field is the area from which waste water exits after passing through your septic tank and completing the last phase of the cleansing and filtering process.
The septic drain field is responsible for removing any organic items that may still be present after the waste water has been processed via the septic tank and into the drain field.
A drain field is comprised of a certain arrangement of trenches that include a number of perforated pipes that lead from the septic tank to the surface of the ground.
Signs that your septic system is in need of attention While there are some fairly obvious signs that a septic system is in need of repair or has failed, such as sewage backing up into the house through all of the drains, showers, and toilets, your drain field also serves as a kind of thermostat, allowing you to know how well your septic system is working at any given time.
Take a check at your septic tank’s drainage system:
- There could be an issue with your septic system if you have marshy or damp spots that don’t seem to dry out and go after the runoff water from periodic rain storms has been removed from the region. Your drain field may be leaking or backing up if there are portions of grass grown on top of it that are noticeably greener or more lush than the rest of the grass on the land
- This might indicate a leak or back-up in your drain field. Whenever you notice a strange odor emanating from your drain field, it’s important to consult with a septic system professional. You may be having a blockage or possibly a failing septic system if you notice particles of organic material or other trash that would normally go down your home’s drains coming up through the drain field.
These are only a few of the indications and symptoms that you should look for while inspecting your drain field. While some concerns may just be an indication that you need to keep up with drain field maintenance, the majority will have something to do with the general health and efficacy of your septic system and should be addressed as soon as possible. It is beneficial to do frequent inspections of your drain field. The Upkeep of Drainage Fields There are a variety of factors that might cause a septic system to malfunction or malfunction completely.
A simple explanation is that, when a garbage disposal is used instead of composting organic waste from the kitchen or disposing of it in a trash can, a normal home will increase the quantity of sludge and solids in their septic tank by more than 50%.
If properly maintained, the average drain field should survive between 25 and 30 years while still performing its intended role of collecting rainwater.
Depending on your perspective, some of these points are straightforward and even common sense; yet, others may be “new” to homeowners who are dealing with their septic system for the first time.
Keep an eye on how much water you are using in your house and adjust as necessary.
In fact, it is preferable to do a load of laundry every day rather than saving it all up for the weekend to save time.
The All Clear team has over 15 years of direct experience dealing with commercial and residential customers in the Southcoast region, making them the obvious choice for preventive maintenance, septic system servicing, drainage field maintenance, and septic repairs.
Also available is a private examination of your septic system to assist you establish the age, efficacy, and efficiency of your present equipment in order to determine whether it is time to update or install a new septic drain field.
To get started, call All Clear at 508-763-4431 or go to get started. a link to the page’s load