- If you do not already have one, contact your county health department for a copy of your septic tank system permit, which will indicate the approximate location of the system and the size of the tank.
How much does a mound system cost?
Mound Septic System Cost A mound septic system costs $10,000 to $20,000 to install. It’s the most expensive system to install but often necessary in areas with high water tables, shallow soil depth or shallow bedrock.
How far from a property should a septic tank be?
Most importantly, a septic tank must be at least seven metres from a house, defined as a ‘habitable property’. Septic tanks are built underground and release wastewater slowly into the surrounding environment. For this reason, they must be a set distance away from a home.
Can you have a septic tank without a leach field?
The waste from most septic tanks flows to a soakaway system or a drainage field. If your septic tank doesn’t have a drainage field or soakaway system, the waste water will instead flow through a sealed pipe and empty straight into a ditch or a local water course.
Can you walk on a septic mound?
Low-maintenance perennial plants that minimize the need to walk on the mound are ideal. Walking compacts the soil and may interfere with the evaporation of effluents. Do as little digging as possible when planting to avoid disturbing the mound and be sure to wear gloves to minimize your physical contact with the soil.
What is the cheapest septic system?
Conventional septic system These conventional septic systems are usually the most affordable, with an average cost of around $3,000.
What is the smallest size septic tank?
If you’re looking to install a septic system, the smallest tank size you’re likely to find is 750-gallon, which will accommodate one to two bedrooms. You can also opt for a 1,000-gallon system, which will handle two to four bedrooms.
Can a septic tank be too big?
A septic tank that is too big will not run well without the proper volume of wastewater running through it. If your septic tank is too big for your house, there wouldn’t be sufficient collected liquid required to produce the bacteria, which helps break down the solid waste in the septic tank.
How often should you pump your septic tank?
Inspect and Pump Frequently The average household septic system should be inspected at least every three years by a septic service professional. Household septic tanks are typically pumped every three to five years.
Do I have to replace my septic tank by 2020?
Under the new rules, if you have a specific septic tank that discharges to surface water (river, stream, ditch, etc.) you are required to upgrade or replace your septic tank treatment system to a full sewage treatment plant by 2020, or when you sell a property, if it’s prior to this date.
Can you build next to septic tank?
It is never recommended to build a structure over any portion of your septic system. The most common problem we see is when someone wants to pump out their septic tank but doesn’t know where their tank is located.
How far does a treatment plant need to be from a house?
At least 10 meters away from any habitable building.
What can I use instead of a septic tank?
Alternative Septic Systems
- Raised Bed (Mound) Septic Tank Systems. A raised bed drain field (sometimes called a mound) is just like what it sounds.
- Aerobic Treatment Systems (ATS) Aerobic systems are basically a small scale sewage treatment system.
- Waterless Systems.
What is an alternative to a leach field?
Sand Filter This is one example of an alternative septic system without a leach field, which makes it compatible with environmentally sensitive areas. In some cases, the treated water can pass directly from the sand filtration system to the soil without needing to flow through more piping to a leach field.
How far apart are leach lines?
The minimum separation between the bottom of any leaching device and seasonally high groundwater shall be: 5 feet where the leaching device is between 50 and 100 feet from a stream, spring, or other waterbody.
Fitting Drain Field On A Small Lot
You have arrived to the following page: Home/Land Acquisition/Construction of a Drain Field on a Small Lot Q: In order to sell our house on a 0.6-acre lot, we have been advised that we must fix the drain field prior to selling the property. Modern laws, on the other hand, demand that a drain field be at least 50 feet from a stream and 100 feet from a well before it can be considered suitable. There is nowhere on our property that meets these requirements. In fact, there isn’t much on my website that meets the criteria.
Thank you very much.
The construction of a new septic system in complete conformity with current rules is not always practicable, especially on small properties like yours.
Residents of private property are not required to vacate their properties by the zoning and health agencies.
- This approach will differ based on the specific site circumstances and rules in effect at the time of the update.
- A reduction in clearance to the nearest well, for example, may be necessary.
- Alternative septic system designs may be required in other situations in order to reduce the size of the drain field or to create more environmentally friendly treated wastewater.
- Local authorities are understandably wary of approving a system that has not yet been tested in the field over a period of several years, and with good cause.
- Gravelless trenches with synthetic media are permitted in some regions, and in other situations, they have a smaller footprint than normal gravel trenches.
- Unfortunately, alternative solutions typically increase the expense of the septic system, increase its complexity, and necessitate more frequent maintenance.
- To find out more, call your local health department (or building department) and ask about your possibilities for a consultation.
- If you encounter opposition from public authorities, you may need to consult with an attorney, although this is typically not essential in order to continue ahead with your case.
Wishing you the best of success in your search for a suitable and cheap solution. • Steve Bliss, BuildingAdvisor.com Editor More information about Septic Systems may be found here.
Because of the tiny size of your property, you may believe that your home does not qualify for septic tanks. It is feasible to put a septic tank on a small property, even if the land does not have the necessary size for a traditional drain field to function properly. You may want to investigate these choices for your smaller lot if you do not have access to city water or choose to use a septic tank rather than municipal water. Alternatives to Septic Tanks There are a variety of septic tank systems available in addition to the traditional system.
At that point, the waste water and particles separate, and sludge eventually formed as a result of the separation.
If you don’t have the room for a drain field, your alternatives are restricted to the following:
- Treatment with aerobic exercise. This technique makes use of oxygen to expedite the process of breaking down the solid materials. As a result, the water that is discharged by the unit is more purer. Although there is no need for a separate drain field, the system must be examined on a regular basis to ensure that the water released by the system is pure enough to be absorbed directly into the soil. Disinfection using chlorine. This sort of septic system, which is an alternative to oxygen, purifies the water before it is discharged into the soil by using chlorine, which promotes oxidization. Many cities and towns, in fact, employ biofilter systems to clean their drinking water, which is exactly what we’re talking about here. This one-of-a-kind septic system treats water without the need of oxygen or chlorine. As opposed to this, the system is made up of layers of gravel and sand that are alternately placed in an airtight and waterproof container. The system pumps wastewater into the bottom of the tank, and the effluent works its way up through the sand and gravel until it reaches the top of the tank and seeps into the ground.
In order to keep your alternative Septic Tank System running smoothly, The following maintenance instructions should be followed regardless of whether your system is a standard unit or an alternate unit:
- Trees are a hindrance to the operation of the system. Planting trees near the tank is discouraged since the roots of the trees can harm the tank or pipelines, compromising the safety of the tank’s functioning. Make an appointment for regular maintenance. In order to ensure optimal functioning and to avoid any risks, it is recommended that a professional examine the tank in accordance with the manufacturer’s guidelines. The benefits of doing so include the ability to prevent minor septic tank issues from becoming major ones, and the ability to identify worn parts before they fail.
Trees obstruct the proper operation of the system. Planting trees near the tank is discouraged since the roots of the trees can harm the tank or pipelines, compromising the safety of the tank’s operations. Regular maintenance should be scheduled. Make sure the tank is inspected by a professional in accordance with the manufacturer’s guidelines to ensure optimal performance and to avoid any risks. The benefits of doing so include the ability to prevent minor septic tank issues from becoming major ones, and the ability to identify worn parts before they fail.
Septic Tank Installation and Pricing
To process and dispose of waste, a septic system has an underground septic tank constructed of plastic, concrete, fiberglass, or other material that is located beneath the earth. Designed to provide a customized wastewater treatment solution for business and residential locations, this system may be installed anywhere. Although it is possible to construct a septic tank on your own, we recommend that you hire a professional to do it owing to the amount of skill and specific equipment required.
Who Needs a Septic Tank?
For the most part, in densely populated areas of the country, a home’s plumbing system is directly connected to the municipal sewer system. Because municipal sewer lines are not readily available in more rural areas, sewage must be treated in a septic tank. If you’re moving into a newly constructed home or onto land that doesn’t already have a septic tank, you’ll be responsible for putting in a septic system on your own.
How to Prepare for Your Septic Tank Installation
Here are a few pointers to keep in mind to make sure your septic tank installation goes as smoothly as possible.
Receive Multiple Estimates
Receiving quotations from licensed septic tank installers and reading reviews about each firm using trustworthy, third-party customer evaluations should be done before any excavation or signing of any paperwork is done.
Examine your options for a contractor and make sure they have the appropriate insurance and license, as well as the ability to include critical preparations such as excavation and drain field testing in their quotation.
Test the Soil and Obtain a Permit
For septic systems to function properly, permeable soil surrounding the tank must absorb and naturally handle liquid waste, ensuring that it does not pollute runoff water or seep into the groundwater. The drain or leach field is the name given to this region. Before establishing a septic tank, you are required by law to do a percolation test, sometimes known as a “perc” test. This test indicates that the soil fits the specifications established by the city and the local health agency. In most cases, suitable levels of permeable materials, such as sand or gravel, are necessary in a soil’s composition.
Note: If you wish to install a septic tank on your property, you must first ensure that the ground passes the percolation test.
Plan for Excavation
Excavation of the vast quantity of land required for a septic tank necessitates the use of heavy machinery. If you are presently residing on the property, be careful to account for landscaping fees to repair any damage that may have occurred during the excavation process. Plan the excavation for your new home at a period when it will have the least influence on the construction process if you are constructing a new home. Typically, this occurs before to the paving of roads and walkways, but after the basic structure of the home has been constructed and erected.
The Cost of Installing a Septic Tank
There are a few installation charges and additional expenditures connected with constructing a new septic system, ranging from a percolation test to emptying the septic tank and everything in between.
A percolation test can range in price from $250 to $1,000, depending on the area of the property and the soil characteristics that are being tested. Ordinarily, specialists will only excavate a small number of holes in the intended leach field region; however, if a land study is required to identify where to excavate, the cost of your test may rise.
Building Permit Application
A permit will be required if you want to install a septic tank on your property. State-by-state variations in permit prices exist, however they are normally priced around $200 and must be renewed every few years on average.
Excavation and Installation
When you have passed a percolation test and obtained a building permit, your septic tank is ready to be professionally placed. The cost of a new septic system is determined by the size of your home, the kind of system you choose, and the material used in your septic tank. The following is a list of the many treatment methods and storage tanks that are now available, as well as the normal pricing associated with each.
Types of Septic Tank Systems
Septic system that is used in the traditional sense Traditionally, a septic system relies on gravity to transport waste from the home into the septic tank. Solid trash settles at the bottom of the sewage treatment plant, while liquid sewage rises to the top. Whenever the amount of liquid sewage increases over the outflow pipe, the liquid waste is discharged into the drain field, where it continues to disintegrate. This type of traditional septic system is generally the most economical, with an average cost of roughly $3,000 on the market today.
Drain fields for alternative systems require less land than conventional systems and discharge cleaner effluent.
Septic system that has been engineered A poorly developed soil or a property placed on an uphill slope need the installation of an engineered septic system, which is the most difficult to install.
It is necessary to pump the liquid waste onto a leach field, rather than depending on gravity to drain it, in order to ensure that it is equally dispersed across the land. The average cost of these systems is roughly $8,000.
Types of Septic Tanks
- Concrete septic tanks are long-lasting and rust-proof, but they are difficult to repair if they are damaged. It is possible that concrete tanks will cost up to $2,000 depending on their size. Plastic —While plastic tanks are cost-effective, they are also susceptible to damage. They are around $1,200 in price. Fiberglass —While fiberglass septic tanks are more durable than their plastic counterparts, they are susceptible to shifting or displacement if the water table rises to an excessive level. Depending on the model, these tanks may cost up to $2,000
More information may be found at: Septic Warranty Coverage and Costs.
Using Your Septic Tank
It is important to maintain the area around your new septic tank’s drain field and to frequently check your tank using the lids included with it. Never use a trash disposal in conjunction with your septic tank since it might cause the system to clog. Additionally, avoid driving over the land where your septic tank is located or putting heavy gear on top of your septic tank or drain field to prevent damage. Most of the time, after five years of septic system use, you’ll need to arrange a cleaning and pumping of the system.
Send an email to our Reviews Team [email protected] if you have any comments or questions regarding this post.
Basics for Septic Systems
On-site sewage facilities, also known as OSSFs, must be developed on the basis of a site evaluation that takes into consideration the specific requirements of the location. The system of choice for around 20% of new homes being built in Texas is the radon mitigation system. An On-Site Sewage Facility (OSSF), sometimes known as a “septic system,” is a sewage treatment system that is located on a property. As a result of the unexpected surge in new housing construction in suburban and rural regions, more Texas families are reliant on an OSSF for the treatment and disposal of their domestic sewage.
- Systems that accomplish their jobs well while also protecting the environment are made possible by new methods to design and oversight of OSSFs.
- A number of soil tests are ruling out traditional systems, which separate liquids from solid waste in a holding tank and then distribute them throughout a drainfield using underground pipes or other proprietary items in many regions of the state.
- However, because the majority of Texas soils are incapable of adequately absorbing contaminants, different treatment procedures are necessary.
- Any work on an OSSF must be done by a licensed installer or, in the case of a single-family property, by the homeowner himself or herself.
Who checks to make sure the requirements are followed?
Local governments in most parts of the state have taken on the obligation of ensuring that OSSFs in their jurisdictions comply with all applicable state regulations and procedures. There are several local governments that serve as “authorized agents” (AA) of the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality, which is in charge of managing the OSSF Program. A “designated representative” (DR) assists the AA in carrying out their tasks, which include examining plans for constructing, changing, extending, or repairing each OSSF; granting permits; and checking the system’s installation, among others.
The OSSF’s authorized agents and representatives also investigate and respond to complaints to verify that the OSSF is in compliance with minimal requirements.
After that, the agent can file a criminal complaint with the local judge of the peace, who will then investigate the matter.
Industrial or hazardous waste cannot be introduced into an OSSF; instead, this waste will be handled in the soil, destroying the OSSF by actually killing the microorganisms that break down the biosolids and causing it to fail.
Keep in mind that septic systems are intended to manage human waste rather than chemicals.
All OSSFs will require maintenance at some point in their lives. Conventional anaerobic systems require the septic tank to be pumped out on a regular basis in order to remove sediments and prevent the system from backing up. It is advised that you pump your septic tank once every three to five years in order to avoid short circuiting the treatment process and causing damage. To acquire a list of registered sludge transporters in your region, go to theSludge Transporter Queryonline. Aerobic systems are more complicated and require more upkeep than anaerobic ones do.
- A number of regulatory authorities have enacted more strict rules, which may include homeowner training or even prohibiting homeowners from performing upkeep on their properties.
- In order to guarantee that the system runs appropriately, it is recommended that you contract with a licensed maintenance provider to verify, debug, and test the system as required by 30 TAC 285.91(4).
- Once every six months if the system employs an electronic monitor, automated radio, or telephone to alert the maintenance provider of system or component failure as well as to monitor the quantity of disinfection remaining in the system, reporting might be lowered to once every six months.
- If any needed repairs are not completed, the permitting authority will be notified of the failure.
- The pills are extremely reactive, and within 10 minutes, they will have killed 99 percent of the germs present in the effluent.
- AVOID USING TABLETS DESIGNED FOR SWIMMING POOL USE DUE TO THE POSSIBILITY THAT THEY MAY RELEASE A HIGHLY EXPLOSIVE GAS KNOWN AS NITROGEN CHLORIDE.
- Please contact us at (800) 447-2827.
Where can I find more information and assistance?
The Small Business and Local Government Assistance Section of the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality (TCEQ) provides free, confidential assistance to small enterprises and local governments seeking to comply with state environmental requirements.
Call us at (800) 447-2827 or visit our website at TexasEnviroHelp.org for more information.
Alternative Septic Systems For Small Lots in NH, ME & MA
Alternative septic systems for small properties are becoming increasingly popular among homeowners in New Hampshire, Maine, and Massachusetts due to a variety of issues. They are looking for alternative small lot septic systems to safely, efficiently, and economically treat their waste water as a result of the limits of a tiny leachfield on their property, which they have discovered. It is possible that you may be interested in our related article:
Septic System Cost: An Installation and Replacement Guide for New Hampshire
One or more of the most common factors that can limit a property’s available leachfield space include: tight property boundaries on a small lot; required setbacks from a well, water body, or property line; large mature trees that prevent adequate space clearing for a leachfield; existing landscaping considerations; and insufficient soil elevation issues on the property. In the absence of one or more of these space-constricting conditions, a homeowner will be forced to look for an alternate septic tank solution, since the lesser available leachfield space is often insufficient to maintain a standard septic system.
The Shoreline Protection Actrequires a tree survey for beachfront properties, which distributes points depending on the height and girth of each tree.
This is particularly significant when clearing small lots of land since the points-limit frequently defines the extent of the leachfield area available.
Traditional septic systems – as well as certain alternative small lot septic systems – may need the construction of soil mounds in order to raise the leachfield above ground level.
People Often Seek Guidance On Alternative Compact Septic Systems:
- When they wish to purchase or build on a small lot with tight setbacks, their real estate agent suggests the need for an alternative septic system that allows for a small leachfield
- When they wish to add bedrooms to their home, which will increase the footprint of the home and reduce the amount of leachfield space available on the property
- And when they wish to have a wastewater treatment system that will perform well in the new smaller-footprint leachfield. Norweco Singulair is the ideal solution because the system’s 75 percent leachfield reduction waiver typically allows for the use of the existing leachfield
- When they wish to add bedrooms to an existing residence without expanding the footprint of the home
- And when they wish to expand the footprint of an existing residence without expanding the footprint of the home. This is because the advantage of the Norweco system’s 75 percent reduction waiver often prevents the need for any alteration to the current leachfield. Typical leachfield area requirements for a small property with a four-bedroom home are 1,000 square feet for a typical septic system design (250 sq.ft per bedroom). As a result, if two additional bedrooms are built, the system will require an additional 1,500 square feet of leachfield. The waiver reduces that need to merely 375 sq ft (a 75% reduction), which more than meets the needs of the current leachfield. However, the most important aspect to remember is that no costly leachfield alteration is necessary.
It is critical to choose an efficient, value-engineered wastewater treatment system that is built for a compact leachfield footprint in order to preserve the value of your land as well as the health of your house and family.
Advantages of Norweco Singulair ®as a Small Leachfield Waste Water Treatment Alternative
The Norweco Singulair septic tank has a lower footprint than a conventional septic tank due to the reduced concrete tank dimensions. This results in a 75% reduction in leachfield footprint. If you have a tiny lot with a lot of setbacks, this is really crucial to consider. Another advantage is the system’s established wastewater treatment technology, which has won it a general waiver for a 75 percent decrease in leachfield footprint. A general waiver, as opposed to a site-specific waiver that must be approved on an individual basis, is extremely useful since it applies to any location that fits the basic standards.
Considerations for Ledge Considerations for up to 4-bedroom dwellings are accommodated by Norweco: Ledge considerations are especially widespread near coastal locations such as lakefronts and seacoasts in New Hampshire, Maine, and Massachusetts, and they are particularly prevalent in the Lakes Region.
- This allows for successful ledge applications.
- Most of the time, this credit reduces the distance that the system must be installed from the water table by half.
- Self-contained Value-engineered Performance: The bare minimum of critical components work together to provide proper flow equalization and to reduce the footprint of the leachfield.
- The aerator and bio-kinetic filter maintain steady flow equalization, ensuring that every wastewater that exits the tank has been completely treated before it is discharged.
- Additionally, because all of the components are put outdoors, a service specialist is not normally required to enter the house.
- It takes just 48 hours for Norweco’s revolutionary system to silently, effectively, and automatically treat all waste water, returning only harmless effluent to the environment.
- Installation and maintenance are made simple: For the New Hampshire, Maine, and Northern Massachusetts regions, A.J.
- in Farmington, New Hampshire holds the area license to manufacture, install, and service Norweco Singulair Wastewater Treatment Systems and Norweco Service Pro Control Centers under the Norweco Singulair Wastewater Treatment Systems and Norweco Service Pro Control Centers brand names.
- AJ Foss offers the Norweco Singulair alternative wastewater treatment system as a complete solution that includes all of the necessary components.
For the first two years, everything is covered – from shipping and tank setup through installation and system start-up, as well as monthly servicing. After that, cost-effective service contracts are available. It is possible that you may be interested in our related article:
Septic System Cost: An Installation and Replacement Guide for New Hampshire
Jon Cardinal is the author of this piece. The Andrew J. Foss, Inc. precast concrete firm was founded by my father in 1963 when he was just 19 years old. My precast education began at a very young age for myself. Everything I know about producing high-quality precast concrete goods, from septic tanks to concrete headwalls, was passed down to me by him. He also taught me that in order to be successful in business, you must provide a superior product and treat your customers the way you would like to be treated yourself.
Frequently Asked Questions – Onsite Wastewate Arkansas Department of Health
Q: Can you tell me where I can acquire a copy of my septic tank permit? Answer: Contact the local health department in the county where the property is situated and ask to speak with the Onsite Environmental Specialist (on site environmental specialist). Having information on the home’s construction date, the subdivision namelot number, and the name of the original owner or developer will be helpful. Local Health Units (LHUs): Q: What is the smallest lot size that can accommodate a septic system?
When it comes to how much space a sewage system needs, it all comes down to the soil appropriateness of the site, the number of bedrooms in the house, and the distance of 100 feet between the house and water wells.
Q: How do I go about obtaining a septic system permit?
A list of private persons in your region who are licensed to do soil testing and design sewage systems will be provided to you by the authorities.
- Answer: You may do a search of our database of Onsite Wastewater Licensees by visiting this link. For example, if you are searching for someone to design a septic system, you will need to pick the “Designated Representative” licensing type, however if you are looking for someone to build a septic system, you will need to select the “Advanced Septic Installer” license type.
Q: Can you tell me where I can get a list of companies who install septic systems? Answer: Contact the local health department in the county where the property is situated and ask to speak with the Onsite Environmental Specialist (on site environmental specialist). Local Health Units (LHUs): Q: What is the process for obtaining a Designated Representative License? Answer: Designated Representatives are defined and listed in Act 402 of 1977, which establishes and provides the requirements for Designated Representatives.
- Case-by-case consideration is given to those who are similarly competent in terms of education and experience in the field of soil science.
- The dates for the examination tests may be found on the Training and Examination website.
- See On-Site Wastewater Rules and Regulations Q: What is the process for obtaining a Septic Tank Installer License?
- The test is performed 10 times a year, from January to October, at a fixed time and location.
- The dates for the examination tests may be found on the Training and Examination website.
- Answer: Under the terms of Act 402 of 1977, applicants for onsite maintenance provider licenses must pass a licensing examination sponsored by the Department of Transportation.
- The test is performed 10 times a year, from January to October, at a fixed time and location.
The dates for the examination tests may be found on the Training and Examination website.
Answer: Individuals or businesses interested in manufacturing and/or distributing septic tanks in Arkansas can acquire information on the requirements and pre-licensing inspections by calling the Onsite Waste Program at the phone number mentioned below for further information.
Q: How do I go about obtaining a Septic Tank Cleaning Permit?
Act 71 of 1973 mandates that septic tank cleaning candidates must pass a license examination held by the Department before being granted a permit to work in the industry.
The examination is free of charge.
See the Onsite Wastewater Rules for further information.
Refer to the Engineering Subdivision Plan Review Guidelines for further information.
Answer: Refer to the Guidelines for the Submission of Plans for Mobile Home and Recreational Vehicle Parks for further information.
Non-Individual Sewage System is the correct answer.
Answer: Contact the Regional Health Office and ask to speak with the Regional Director.
Answer: The percolation test is simply an approximate measure of a soil’s capacity to flow water through its structure.
As a consequence of this extra knowledge, a sewage system design is developed that overcomes the limits of the soil.
Answer: In order to qualify for the exemption, the home must be located on ten or more acres, and all portions of the sewage system must be more than 200 feet from any property border or road, including any roadways.
The property owner is still responsible for ensuring that the sewage system is installed and operated in a way that complies with state regulations and does not create a nuisance.
A letter from the local Health Unit certifying that the property is exempt from the permit requirement can be acquired by contacting them. This exception does not apply to any other state or federal restrictions that may be in place.
Septic System Construction Permit
If an individual or a property owner want to have a subsurface sewage disposal (septic) system constructed on their land or if they need to repair an existing malfunctioning system, they must get a Septic System Construction Permit from the City of San Diego. Septic System Assistance Division County Map (Division Septic System Assistance County Map)
What Information Must I Provide?
Applicant’s information can be submitted using the web portal*, and it includes the following:
- Identify the landowner’s name and address, as well as the location or site’s size and number of occupants (including number of bedrooms), water consumption amounts, whether there is an excavated basement, whether there are basement plumbing fixtures, whether the house and lot have been staked, and the name of the installer (if any). Drawing showing the property boundaries, home site position, well location, spring location, planned roadway and utilities, and driving instructions to the site are included in this document. For large conventional or alternative systems, soil maps are created by a soil scientist (if necessary), and system design is completed by a licensed engineer.
*Please keep in mind that the Division suggests that you apply online in order to expedite the application processing. Paper applications, on the other hand, will continue to be accepted at the relevant Environmental Field Office. (CN-0971, Form CN-0971)
- The Division of Water Resources is a division of the Department of Water Resources. CONSULTANTS APPROVED BY THE DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
- INACTIVE INSTALLERS- This list, grouped by county, covers those persons who have valid permits to construct, install, modify, or repair a septic system. It should be noted that installation permits are valid across the state, not only in the counties indicated. A separate permission may be required in contract counties such as Blount and Davidson counties as well as Hamilton and Jefferson counties as well as Knox and Madison counties as well as Shelby and Williamson counties. Individuals possessing valid licenses to remove (pump) household septage from septic tanks, holding tanks, portable toilets, or other similar sewage treatment or disposal facilities are listed on this page as “Active Pumpers.”
How Will My Application Be Processed?
Applicants should submit their completed application forms, along with the required application costs, to the Division of Water Resources at the relevant Environmental Field Office. The application is subjected to a thorough examination, and the applicant is notified when the examination is completed. The review procedure typically takes ten days, and it must be completed within 45 days of the day the application was submitted, unless an extension has been granted.
What Fees Are Required?
|New Conventional or Large Diameter Gravelless Pipe SSDS Permit||$400 up to 1000 gallons per day design flow$100 for each additional 1000 gpd flow|
|New Conventional or Large Diameter Gravelless Pipe SSDS Construction Inspection||$100|
|New Alternative SSDS Permit||$500 up to 1000 gallons per day design flow$150 for each additional 1000 gpd flow|
|Alternative SSDS Construction Inspection||$200|
|Experimental SSDS Permit||$500|
|Repair Permit||No permit fee|
|Repair Construction Inspection||$100|
What Are My Rights and Responsibilities After the Permit is Approved?
The applicant has the authority to carry out the activities that were granted in the permission application. They are responsible for notifying the Department of any changes to the information in the application. The applicant is responsible for complying with any state legislation and regulations that may be applicable. A system’s installation must be reported to the Division by the applicant or installer of the SSDS so that it may be examined and certified as compliant. Applicants who have had their permits rejected, suspended, or cancelled have the opportunity to file an appeal with the appropriate authority.
What Are the Division’s Rights and Responsibilities After the Permit is Approved?
During each SSDS installation, the Division inspects the system to confirm that it was installed in line with the permit conditions and regulatory requirements. In the event that an applicant fails to comply with state legislation or departmental rules, the Division has the authority to revoke, suspend, or refuse the issue of a permit. Any individual who violates or fails to comply with state legislation, rules, or regulations may be susceptible to civil fines as a result of their actions.
Whom Do I Contact For Applications, Assistance and Other Information?
Applicants can acquire applications and information from the Environmental Field Office that is most convenient for them.
Applicants may refer to the following publications for further information:
- TDEC Rule 0400-48-01: Regulations to Govern Subsurface Sewage Disposal Systems
- TCA Section 68-221-401.414: Subsurface Sewage Disposal Systems
- TDEC Rule 0400-48-01: Regulations to Govern Subsurface Sewage Disposal Systems
Basic Septic System Rules for Oklahoma – Oklahoma State University
Submitted by Sergio M. Abit Jr. and Emily Hollarn Several of us are interested in building or purchasing homes in the country for a number of reasons. It is possible to be closer to nature by living outside of city limits. It is also possible to cultivate vegetables and raise farm animals, and it is possible to live a simple and calm life in a rural environment by living outside of city limits. One thing to keep in mind is that, while living in the country has many advantages, access to the comforts that towns offer is not always available, especially in rural areas.
The latter requires the installation of an on-site wastewater treatment system, which is more frequently known as a septic system.
This information sheet outlines the requirements that must be followed while obtaining an installation permit, complying with site and soil limits, and installing and maintaining septic systems.
PSS-2914, Keep Your Septic System in Good Working Order, and PSS-2913, On-site Wastewater Treatment Systems Permitted in Oklahoma are two of the state’s most important standards.
Much of this information sheet is prepared in a simplified question and answer style, however there are certain sections that have been taken practically literally from the Code of Federal Regulations.
Site Requirements and Restrictions
Is there a minimum lot size requirement for building a home? With the usage of public water (such as that provided by the city or the rural water district), a minimum lot size of 12 acres is required for the majority of septic systems for a residence that will require one. The use of an individual drinking water well necessitates the usage of a minimum lot size of 344 acres for the majority of systems. What is the definition of a “repair area” requirement? Aside from the space set up for septic system installation, an adequate amount of space should be set aside for repair work.
- When purchasing a home, inquire as to the location of the authorized repair area.
- Where is the best location for the septic system to be installed?
- Keep in mind that there are minimum separation distances between items such as water wells, property boundaries, and buildings, as well as other restrictions to follow when driving.
- Water Body Protection Places (WBPAs) are those areas that are located within 1,320 feet of water bodies (such as rivers and lakes) that have been identified by the state as being specifically protected against pollution and are classified as such.
- This indicates that the cost of the septic system in that location will be higher.
- However, it is important to remember that the requirement for a nitrate-reduction component applies only to new homes or modifications to an existing home’s septic system.
- It is recommended that at least 10,000 square feet be set aside for the septic system in the region where it will be constructed, but this is not a requirement as a general rule.
The exact amount of the area required for the septic system will initially be determined by the soil and site characteristics of the surrounding region.
The number of bedrooms in the house is taken into consideration once the proper septic system has been selected in order to estimate the real size of the space that must be given for the septic system.
Generally speaking, the more bedrooms in a house and the finer the soil texture in the surrounding region (i.e., the more clay in the soil), the more space is required for a septic system to be installed.
As previously said, the soil and site qualities influence the type of septic system that may be installed as well as the amount of the land space that is required for the installation.
What type of soil testing will be required?
When the results of a percolation test are obtained, they may be used to determine the rate of subsurface water flow at depths where residential wastewater is typically applied.
Either test might be used as a starting point for making judgments about a septic system.
It should also be noted that if the test done is a soil profile description, the amount of land required for the septic system is typically less.
When the choice has already been taken to establish a lagoon system or an aerobic treatment system with spray irrigation, a soil test is no longer necessary, since the system is already in place.
Soil profile descriptions may only be performed by soil profilers who have received state certification.
Testing for percolation can be carried out by professional engineers, certified sanitarians, environmental specialists, or soil scientists.
A note on soil testing: Some communities in Oklahoma require a soil test result before approving a construction permit application.
What is it that requires a permit? Septic system installations, including the addition of an extra system, on a property must be approved by the local building department prior to proceeding. Permits are also required for modifications to an existing system. It is possible that septic system improvements will be required as a result of the following: a) Septic systems that are not working properly, b) home renovations that result in an increase in the number of beds, c) an increase in water consumption as a result of a change in the usage of a house or building, and d) the movement of any component of a septic system.
Where can I acquire an installation or modification permit, and how do I get one?
To submit an application for a permit, go to DEQ Applications or contact your local DEQ office for help.
Often, the installer will take care of the paperwork for you, including the installation or modification permission application.
Inspections are carried out by whom, and when are they necessary? There are two situations in which an inspection by DEQ officials is required. They are as follows: The following are examples of non-certified installations: 1) repairs and system changes made by a non-certified installer; and 2) installation of new systems performed by a non-certified installer Prior to backfilling and/or placing the system into operation, the inspection must be completed to ensure that the installation, modification, or repairs are of satisfactory quality.
The fact that a state-certified installer performs the installation, alteration, or repair eliminates the requirement for DEQ employees to conduct an inspection because qualified installers are permitted to do self-inspection is worth mentioning.
The installer is responsible for notifying the DEQ of any needed inspections relating to an installation, alteration, or repair that may be required.
Who is qualified to build a septic system? It is essential that you use the services of a septic system installer that is licensed and certified by the state. A list of state-certified installers can be obtained from the local Department of Environmental Quality office. Non-certified installers are only permitted to install a restricted number of systems in the state of Oklahoma. These installations, on the other hand, must be examined and authorized by DEQ staff before they may be backfilled and/or turned on.
Installers are able to charge a fee for their own version of a warranty and maintenance plan that they provide to their clients.
This law requires the installer of an ATU to provide free maintenance for the system for two years from the date of installation, at no additional cost to the homeowner.
Purchasing a home when the ATU in the home is still within the warranty term enables you to continue to get warranty coverage until the two-year period has expired.
Responsibilities of the Owner
Septic systems that are properly maintained will remove dangerous contaminants from home water. Owners, their neighbors, and the environment are all at risk if their systems are not properly maintained and operated. In plain language, the rule mandates that the owner of a system be responsible for ensuring that the system is properly maintained and operated so that: 1) sewage or effluent from the system is properly treated and does not surface, pool, flow across the ground, or worse, discharge to surface waters, 2) all components of the system (including lagoons) are maintained and do not leak or overflow, and 3) the necessary security measures are in place (e.g.
- required fences are intact, septic tank lids are intact and properly secured).
- Civil and criminal fines may be imposed for violations and carelessness.
- Abit Jr., Ph.D., is a researcher at the University of California, Berkeley.
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In areas where houses and businesses are not linked to a municipal sewage system, a septic system is the most popular type of sewage treatment for those areas. When simplified to its most basic form, a septic system is comprised of two parts: a septic tank in which solids settle and decay and a drainfield in which liquid drained from the tank is treated by bacteria in the soil. Septic systems that are more sophisticated are constructed in places with high groundwater levels and/or poor soils.
Properly working septic systems treat sewage to reduce groundwater and surface water contamination, respectively.
Learn more about how septic systems function by reading this article.
Before you buy
If the land is undeveloped, inquire as to whether the property has been examined for appropriateness for septic systems by either the Department of Environmental Quality or a local government contract agent, and if so, request a copy of the site evaluation report. The following are the questions you should ask:Has the site changed since it was last evaluated?
- Well construction, fill, roads, and other modifications can all have an impact on appropriateness. Is the land suitable for your development needs, taking into account the kind of system stated as acceptable on the report and the placement of the septic system that has been approved?
If the property has not yet been examined, you may choose to request that the present owner arrange for an evaluation to be done. Application for a site review can be made through either the Department of Environmental Quality or a local government contract agent. Before deciding to acquire the land, you must determine what sort of septic system will be necessary, as well as whether or not the permitted system site will fit your development requirements.
Existing sewage treatment systems- If you are considering acquiring a home with an existing septic system, you should engage a trained inspector to assess the system before making the purchase. Here’s what you need to know to find out more about:
- Is it true that the system was implemented without a permit? If not, it is possible that the system is very old (permits have been necessary since 1972, and in certain counties even earlier), or that it was unlawfully built. Systems that have been illegally developed may pose a threat to public health or produce pollution. In the future, you may be forced to upgrade or replace the system, and you may be held accountable and penalized if the system malfunctions or poses a concern to public health and safety. If your family or business has a large number of members, is the system the correct size to meet their needs? Permit documents often include information on the system’s capacity in gallons per day. Typical household water use is 450 gallons per day for a four-bedroom home. How old is the system, and has it been adequately maintained over its lifetime? Is there documentation demonstrating that the septic tank was pumped on a regular basis? Have there been any difficulties or complaints that have been brought to your attention in the past? It is possible that your local permitting agency has records of complaints or infractions that have not been addressed yet. Before you moved here, how many people lived in the house? Perhaps the approach works well with a single person but not so well with four individuals. Is the septic tank connected to all of the plumbing fittings
- And Is there evidence of a septic system failure, such as puddles over the septic tank or flooded drainfields? If the property is next to surface waterways, check to see that there are no direct discharges from the property. When it comes to septic system replacement, is there a suitable location if the existing system fails? In the event that there are any septic permit documents, they will show the replacement area that should still be “laid aside” for this purpose. What is the role of a qualified inspector? Some septic installers and pumpers have received training in the inspection of existing systems, while others specialize in the installation of new septic systems or pump tanks, as appropriate. Certified maintenance providers may also have the qualifications of a qualified inspector. The goal is to find out what their credentials are in septic system assessments (as opposed to only septic tank evaluations), as well as to obtain some recommendations. Verify the credentials of the references before hiring a contractor.
Signs of septic system failure
- Pools of water or wet places, unpleasant aromas, and/or dark gray or black soils in the vicinity of your drainfield are all signs that something is wrong. Water from the sewer overflows into the lowest drains in the home. The sound of drains gurgling and poor draining (first check for obstructions)
- Soapy flows onto the ground surface, into ditches, or into surface waterways It is impossible to mow over the drainfield because the earth is too soft.
Installing a new system
In order to have a new septic system installed, a two-step procedure must be followed. 1. Submit an application for a site review. The tests pits you give on your property will be evaluated by a DEQ or county agent, who will decide the size and kind of septic system that will be required, as well as the placement. 2. Submit an application for a building permit. For application forms, contact your local DEQ office or county agent, or you can obtain DEQ application forms from this website. There is a cost for both the site appraisal and the issuance of the building permit.
Maintaining septic systems
By having your septic tank tested for solids accumulation on a regular basis, you may prevent having to pay for expensive repairs. When the solids buildup in your septic tank exceeds 40%, you should have it pumped by a pumper who is licensed by the DEQ. For advice on how often to get your septic tank examined, contact the Department of Environmental Quality. Maintaining the condition of your septic tank on a regular basis (every 5 to 7 years) and checking for solids accumulation will save you money on costly repairs.
If you follow the basic septic system DO’s and DON’Ts, a properly designed and maintained system may survive for a very long period.