The septic tank is a buried, water-tight container usually made of concrete, fiberglass, or polyethylene. Its job is to hold the wastewater long enough to allow solids to settle down to the bottom forming sludge, while the oil and grease floats to the top as scum.
What material are septic tanks made of?
Tank Materials Concrete, fiberglass, and plastic are commonly used. Concrete is sturdy, and it’s still used for some septic tanks today.
What is best material for septic tank?
The best choice is a precast concrete septic tank. Precast septic tanks hold many advantages over plastic, steel, or fiberglass tanks. This is why so many cities and towns actually require the use of concrete septic tanks.
Are most septic tanks concrete?
Plastic and concrete are the two most popular materials for making septic tanks. Knowing their pros and cons will help you select the one that best suits your home and fits your budget. Let’s look at the advantages and disadvantages of each of them.
Are septic tanks made of metal?
The majority of septic tanks are constructed out of concrete, fiberglass, polyethylene or coated steel. Typically, septic tanks with a capacity smaller than 6,000 gallons are pre-manufactured. Larger septic tanks are constructed in place or assembled on-site from pre-manufactured sections.
Are septic tanks made of concrete?
Modern septic tanks are made out of either industrial plastic or precast concrete. Some tanks are also made of fiberglass, though this material is uncommon in the United States. Concrete is inherently watertight, whereas plastic and fiberglass must undergo extra processes in order to hold water.
What are the 3 types of septic systems?
Types of Septic Systems
- Septic Tank.
- Conventional System.
- Chamber System.
- Drip Distribution System.
- Aerobic Treatment Unit.
- Mound Systems.
- Recirculating Sand Filter System.
- Evapotranspiration System.
What can I use instead of a septic tank?
Alternative Septic Systems
- Raised Bed (Mound) Septic Tank Systems. A raised bed drain field (sometimes called a mound) is just like what it sounds.
- Aerobic Treatment Systems (ATS) Aerobic systems are basically a small scale sewage treatment system.
- Waterless Systems.
What is the cheapest septic tank?
Types of Septic Tank Systems These conventional septic systems are usually the most affordable, with an average cost of around $3,000.
Can septic tanks be made of plastic?
Easier to move: Plastic is obviously much lighter than concrete, making plastic septic tanks easier to transport to your home. Easier to install: Unlike concrete septic tanks, installing plastic septic tanks does not require heavy equipment. We can also install plastic septic tanks in a wider variety of locations.
How often should a 1000 gallon septic tank be cleaned?
For example, a 1,000 gallon septic tank, which is used by two people, should be pumped every 5.9 years. If there are eight people using a 1,000-gallon septic tank, it should be pumped every year.
How deep should a septic tank be?
Septic tanks are typically rectangular in shape and measure approximately 5 feet by 8 feet. In most cases, septic tank components including the lid, are buried between 4 inches and 4 feet underground.
How thick are steel septic tanks?
F. The top of the tank shall be constructed of reinforced concrete, at least four inches thick. G. When the tank is constructed of concrete, the walls and bottom shall be at least six inches thick and shall be adequately reinforced with steel or other approved material.
Do septic tanks have metal lids?
You can locate the lid of your septic tank by poking the ground every few feet with a metal probe. You can also use a metal detector, as most lids have a metal handle or fastener on them to keep the lid closed. Another reason you might not be able to find your lid is due to the depth it was buried.
What were septic tanks made of in the 1950s?
Many of the first septic tanks were concrete tanks that were formed out of wood and poured in place in the ground and covered with a concrete lid or often some type of lumber.
4 Types of Septic Tank Materials
1 minute is allotted for reading A septic tank is a tank that collects sewage and treats it through bacterial decomposition. Septic tanks are often buried underground. A decent septic tank is essential for a successful septic system, and the quality of the tank is determined by the type of material utilized in its construction. To choose a decent septic tank, it is necessary to be familiar with the many types of septic tank materials, as well as their pros and disadvantages, which are briefly discussed below.
- Septic tanks are available in a variety of materials, including concrete, steel, plastic, and fiberglass.
1. Concrete Septic Tank
Concrete septic tanks are large and heavy, and they are often pre-cast to make installation easier. The specific gravity of these precast concrete tanks is around 2.40, which makes them sturdy enough to withstand the buoyant forces that occur when they are put in the ground. In addition, their strength progressively grows over time. Concrete septic tanks are classified into two varieties depending on their structural configuration: single structure tanks and all-in-one systems. Single structure tanks are the most common form of concrete septic tank.
Some of the benefits and drawbacks of precast concrete septic tanks are discussed in further detail below.
- The enormous weight of concrete septic tanks means that they will not float if the water table is close to the tank level. Concrete septic tanks have a very long life cycle, and they may last for several decades if properly maintained. They are sturdy enough to withstand heavy machinery and are not readily destroyed. They are resistant to corrosion.
- When compared to other types of tank materials, it is more expensive. When something is damaged, it is difficult to fix. The transportation and installation of pre-cast concrete septic tanks necessitates the use of large equipment, making the process more complicated. The use of a low-quality concrete mix results in the formation of fissures, which allow the effluent to escape.
2. Steel Septic Tanks
Steel septic tanks are constructed of steel and are the least common nowadays due to the high cost and short lifespan of the tanks. Compared to other types of materials, steel septic tanks have the greatest potential for deterioration, which makes them the most problematic. If the top section of a steel septic tank becomes rusted, it will be unable to withstand any weights placed on top of it and will collapse at any time without warning. As a result, caution should be exercised when checking steel septic tanks.
- The considerable weight of steel septic tanks ensures that they will not float when the water table is close to the tank. In addition, they have strong resistance to buoyant forces
- Due to the ease with which steel corrodes, the lifespan of steel tanks is significantly reduced when compared to alternative septic tank materials. A high price for a low level of durability The removal of rusted steel septic tanks from the earth is a difficult task. Their deteriorating condition may put them in potentially unsafe circumstances.
Fig. 3: Corroded steel sewage treatment tank
3. Plastic Septic Tanks
They are also known as poly septic tanks since they are made of polyethylene plastic, which is the material from which they are composed of. Because they are lighter in weight and rustproof than concrete and steel septic tanks, they are an excellent alternative to these materials. Plastic septic tanks are less cumbersome to carry and install because of their reduced weight. Plastic septic tanks have specific gravities in the range of 0.97 to 0.98, which is lower than the specific gravity of water, causing the tank to float when the water table is close to it.
The following are some of the pros and downsides of using plastic septic tanks. Figure 4: Septic Tank Made of Plastic
- They are also known as poly septic tanks since they are built of polyethylene plastic, which is used to make them. Their reduced weight and rustproof nature make them an attractive option to concrete and steel septic tanks. Septic tanks made of plastic are lower in weight, making them easier to handle and install. In general, plastic septic tanks have a specific gravity of 0.97, which is lower than the specific gravity of water, which causes the tank to float when the water table is close to the tank. In order to avoid the tank floating or shifting during installation, one need first determine the water table in that particular place and then provide anchoring for the tank in order to prevent it from floating or moving. Below is a list of the benefits and drawbacks of using plastic septic tanks. Tank made of plastic, as seen in Figure 4.
- When the water table is close to the tank bottom, it may push the tank higher, causing plastic septic tanks to float as a result of the weight of the water in the tank. They are susceptible to harm when exposed to extreme circumstances
- Heavy weights should not be placed or moved over the plastic septic tank since this may cause it to distort and change its shape, which may eventually result in the tank exploding owing to the high pressure within.
4. Fiberglass Septic Tank
Using fiber reinforced polymers, fiberglass septic tanks are manufactured (FRP). They are similar in appearance to plastic septic tanks, but the addition of glass fiber reinforcement makes them far stronger than plastic tanks. They are also rather light in weight and simple to move around. A consequence of the tank’s decreased weight is the possibility of it floating or moving, which may be avoided by properly securing the tank to the ground. Some of the pros and disadvantages of fiberglass septic tanks are as follows: They are lightweight, durable, and cost-effective.
5: Septic Tank Made of Fiberglass
- Septic tanks made of concrete and steel are more expensive. When opposed to plastic septic tanks, concrete septic tanks have more robustness. High durability
- Corrosion resistance
- And watertightness.
- In the same way that plastic septic tanks are unable to withstand buoyant pressures, fiberglass septic tanks will float or move when the water table is brought closer to them.
More information may be found at:Septic Tank – Components and Design of Septic Tank Depending on the Number of People
What Is A Septic Tank & How Does It Work?
Many individuals are unfamiliar with the notion of septic tanks. However, for those households that do make use of one, they are extremely important. If you’ve always lived in a property that has been linked to the city’s main sewage system, it’s likely that you haven’t ever heard of a septic tank, let alone understood what it is. What a septic tank is and how it functions will be discussed in detail in this blog.
What Is A Septic Tank?
Essentially, a septic tank is an underwater sedimentation tank that is used to cleanse waste water through the processes of biological breakdown and drainage. A septic tank is a wastewater treatment system that uses natural processes and time-tested technology to treat wastewater from residential plumbing, such as that produced by bathrooms, kitchen drains, and laundry. The design of a septic tank system is pretty straightforward. It is a waterproof container (usually rectangular or spherical) that is buried underground and made of fiber glass, plastic, or concrete.
- septic tank systems are classified as “simple on-site sewage facilities” (OSSFs) since they only provide rudimentary sewage treatment.
- Excreta and wastewater are collected in a large underground tank, and they are mostly utilized in rural regions to keep the environment clean.
- It is common for them to be comprised of two chambers or compartments, as well as a tank that collects wastewater via an entrance pipe.
- This will be maintained and managed by a local water business.
- There are, however, certain additional measures that must be observed.
- Homeowners who have a septic tank have an added responsibility to ensure that their tank does not have an adverse influence on the surrounding environment.
In some cases, if a drain field becomes overwhelmed with too much liquid, it might flood, which can result in sewage flowing to the ground surface or creating backups in toilets and sinks.
How Does A Septic Tank Work?
It is the job of a septic tank to break down organic waste and separate it from floatable substances (such as oils and fats) and solids in wastewater. Two pipelines will be installed to connect a septic tank (for inlet and outlet). Septic tanks are equipped with intake pipes, which are used to convey water waste from homes and collect it in the tank. It is stored here for a sufficient amount of time to allow the solid and liquid waste to be separated from one another. The second pipe is the pipe that goes out.
- This pipe transports pre-processed effluent from the septic tank and disperses it evenly over the land and watercourses of the area.
- (as seen in the illustration above) The top layer is comprised of oils and grease, and it floats above the rest of the waste.
- Wastewater and waste particles are found in the intermediate layer of the wastewater system.
- Bacteria in the tank try their best to break down the solid waste, which then allows liquids to separate and drain away more readily from the tank.
- This is one of the reasons why a septic tank is considered to be a rudimentary type of sewage disposal.
The Step-by-step Process of How a Septic Tank Works
- Water from your kitchen, bathroom, and other areas drains into a single main drainage pipe that leads to your septic tank. The septic tank, which is located underground, begins the process of storing waste water. It must maintain this condition for an extended period of time so that particles settle to the bottom and oil and grease float to the top. Following the completion of this operation, the liquid wastewater (effluent) will be allowed to escape the tank and enter the drainfield. This effluent is dumped into the environment through pipelines onto porous materials. The soil is able to filter wastewater through the use of these. In the process of percolating through the soil, wastewater is accepted, treated, and dispersed by the soil
- The wastewater eventually discharges into groundwater. Last but not least, the wastewater percolates into the soil, where it is naturally removed from the environment by coliform bacteria, viruses and nutrients.
Christian joined the company towards the conclusion of its first year of operation and has since become involved in all parts of the operation.
5 Types of Septic Tanks
To view the infographic, please click on the banner picture. Submitted by: First Supply Modern plumbing contributes significantly to the improvement of our quality of life and the prevention of the spread of disease. Systematic delivery of safe drinking water as well as the removal of sewage and wastewater are provided by plumbing. When it comes to draining wastewater from residential and commercial buildings, there are two options. Structures will be connected to municipal sewer lines or will be equipped with a septic system.
Compared to rural homes, sewer lines are more widespread in urban areas, and septic tanks are more common outside of city borders on rural properties.
Parts of a Septic System
When it comes to making a septic system work, there are two main components to consider: a septic tank and a drainfield. A septic tank is a waterproof box with inlet and exit pipes that is used to treat sewage. Wastewater is channeled into a septic tank, where it is allowed to sit for long enough for solids and liquids to separate into three distinct layers. The top layer is formed when solids that are lighter than water (such as oil and grease) float to the surface and deposit a layer of scum on the surface.
Sludge forms on the bottom of the tank when solids that are heavier than water settle to the bottom of the tank and combine to form a layer.
All of the solids in the tank that can’t be broken down any further remain in the tank until it is pumped out, reducing the amount of space available in the tank as a result.
Between the sludge and scum layers is a layer of clarified liquid that acts as a sandwich. Upon leaving the tank, this liquid is transported to a drainfield (also known as a soil absorption field), where it is filtered through gravel and soil.
Septic System Advantages
Septic systems may be preferred for a variety of reasons by certain people. Given the fact that septic systems process and dispose of residential waste water on-site, they are a more cost-effective choice in rural locations where properties are often bigger and residences are more widely spaced apart. Because septic systems do not necessitate the construction of miles of sewage lines, they are less expensive to build than conventional systems. Septic systems, on the other hand, need regular maintenance and a dedication to their optimal operation.
Septic Tank Types
Septic tanks constructed from a variety of materials have differing degrees of strength and longevity. Here is a breakdown of the advantages and disadvantages of the most prevalent types of septic tanks.
A Clear Choice?
Unfortunately, there isn’t a septic tank that is one size fits all in the world. The best type of septic tank for one circumstance may not be the best type of septic tank for another one. The pros and drawbacks described in this article should assist anybody contemplating a septic system in making an educated decision about their options. For dependable information, tools, and supplies, go no farther than First Supply.
Which Septic Tank Material Should You Use?
Receive articles, stories, and videos about septic tanks delivered directly to your email! Now is the time to sign up. Septic Tanks and More Receive Notifications Many different types of materials have been utilized to create septic tanks over the course of history. The following materials are most frequently used in the construction of septic tanks: 1. Resin made of polyethylene and polypropylene The use of fiberglass-reinforced plastic is another option. Precast concrete is a third option. Tanks made of precast concrete have traditionally been used for on-site water storage.
The use of tanks made of fiberglass reinforced plastic (FRP) and polyethylene is becoming more popular.
Tanks made of polyethylene/polypropylene “poly” can be rotationally molded in one piece or injection molded in two sections depending on the application. The bending and cracking of certain early poly tanks were a concern both during installation and while in use. Tanks with a ribbed or corrugated construction are more structurally sound than older models. Septic tanks’ structural soundness and watertightness are dependent on the use of high-quality raw materials and the careful attention paid to production procedures.
In the manufacturing of poly tanks, rubber and plastic pipe seals are frequently employed; in addition, access risers are often constructed of the same polymers as the tank itself to provide a seamless aesthetic appearance.
Most local codes have approved poly tanks, and manufacturers specify where and how poly tanks may be used; therefore, when evaluating the use of any tank in onsite systems, it is important to review the strength and other requirements included in the manufacturer’s installation instructions, as well as the manufacturer’s specifications.
- Installation is simplified by the fact that poly tanks are lighter than concrete, which is advantageous on difficult-to-access sites. No rust or corrosion, and they are resistant to the chemicals and gases found in sewage and soil, allowing them to last for a longer period of time than other materials. Contractors may deliver themselves, eliminating the need for a boom truck or the need to wait for delivery. The design minimizes the number of seams and joints that may leak
- Because of their low weight, steel tanks are more likely than concrete tanks to float out of the ground in locations with high water tables. Larger capacity are not normally offered
- Nonetheless, Typically only available in a limited number of different sizes
- Typically, there is no rating for traffic
- Have a restricted depth of burying (often 4 feet, but verify with the manufacturer for exact depth)
- Some brands must have water or wastewater in them at all times
- Others do not. In order to assure structural integrity, certain installation criteria must be followed.
Fiberglass Reinforced Plastic (FRP)
Some fiberglass tanks are built as a single piece. Others are manufactured in two pieces by the use of an injection molding technique. Structure soundness and watertightness are both dependent on the use of high-quality raw materials and the strict adherence to production standards, as previously indicated. FRP tanks may leak as a consequence of shipping damage, a faulty batch of glue, uneven application of adhesive, or tension imposed on the midseam during installation, however this is not typical.
- The assembling procedure must be meticulously carried out to ensure that the joint does not leak or split.
- While the glue is curing, the bolts are mostly employed to keep the pieces together while the adhesive cures.
- Pipe penetrations and access riser joints, just like with tanks composed of other materials, must be carefully sealed to ensure that they do not leak and cause damage.
- If joints are not watertight, the functioning of the tank is significantly diminished owing to the greater danger of water invading the tank.
- The tanks are less heavy than concrete tanks, which might be advantageous in difficult-to-reach locations. They are not susceptible to rust or corrosion, and they are resistant to the chemicals and gases found in sewage and soil. Larger capacity options are available. It is possible to build for a deeper burial and to have a traffic rating
- Because of their low weight, steel tanks are more likely than concrete tanks to float out of the ground in locations with high water tables. In order to assure structural integrity, certain installation criteria must be followed. When compared to concrete and polyethylene tanks, steel tanks might be less cost-effective. Typically only available in a limited number of different sizes
Precast septic tanks are normally made in two sections, with a seam either at the lid or in the middle of the tank’s body. Blended compounds, such as butyl rubber-based or asphalt-based (bituminous) sealants, are commonly used to seal precast tanks that are made of several pieces. It is possible for a leak to occur at the inlet and outlet pipe penetrations, particularly if the tank or piping settles or moves as a consequence of faulty bedding or installation. Mechanically sealing these connections to the tank is essential to ensure that they are both waterproof and flexible.
- Rubber boot seals are particularly attractive since they are flexible and maintain a seal even after backfilling and settling has taken place.
- Steel reinforcement is employed in accordance with the tank design to offer additional structural capacity during handling, installation, testing, and operation of the tank, among other things.
- The compartment walls are normally cast in one piece with the tank, similar to how the tank is constructed.
- When it comes to horizontal joints, preformed flexible joint sealants consisting of butyl rubber or asphalt-based compounds are utilized to seal them.
- These connections should be made with cast-in, waterproof, flexible resilient connectors that allow the tank and pipe to move freely without the chance of a leak forming between them.
As with other tank materials, it is critical that the tank be waterproof, and in-field verification at the time of installation may be accomplished quickly and simply using proper techniques. Additionally, precast tanks may typically accommodate extra components such as ATUs or pumps.
- Because of the density of concrete, it has a higher resistance to buoyancy. Installation criteria that are less strict
- The containers are available in a variety of sizes, including extremely large capacity. It is possible to build for a deeper burial and to have a traffic rating
- It’s less difficult to modify
- On sites with restricted access, the weight of the material and the equipment required for placement might be challenging. It is possible for corrosion to occur.
a little about the author Sara Heger, Ph.D., is an engineer, researcher, and lecturer in the Onsite Sewage Treatment Program at the University of Minnesota’s Water Resources Center. She holds a bachelor’s degree in civil engineering and a master’s degree in environmental science. She has presented at several local and national training events on topics such as the design, installation, and administration of septic systems, as well as research in the related field. Her responsibilities include serving as the education chair for the Minnesota Onsite Wastewater Association and the National Onsite Wastewater Recycling Association, as well as serving on the National Science Foundation’s International Committee on Wastewater Treatment Systems.
Heger will respond as soon as possible.
How Does a Septic Tank Work?
Mr. Fix-It-Up-For-The-Family You may save a lot of money if you understand how a sewage treatment system works—and what can go wrong—so that you can handle your own septic system maintenance.
How does a septic tank work?
Pumping the tank on a regular basis eliminates sludge and scum, which helps to keep a septic system in good working order. It is possible for a well-designed and well built septic system to last for decades, or it might collapse in a matter of years. It is entirely up to you as long as you can answer the question of how do septic tanks function. Healthy septic systems are very inexpensive to maintain, but digging up and replacing a septic system that has completely collapsed may easily cost tens of thousands in labor and material costs.
It’s critical to understand how a septic tank works in order to maintain one.
Let’s take a look below ground and observe what happens in a properly operating septic system, shall we?
Understand that a septic system is a cafeteria for bacteria
Bacteria are responsible for the proper operation of a septic system. They decompose garbage, resulting in water that is clean enough to safely trickle down into the earth’s surface. The entire system is set up to keep bacteria healthy and busy at all times. Some of them reside in the tank, but the majority of them are found in the drain field. 1. The septic tank is the final destination for all waste. 2. The majority of the tank is filled with watery waste, referred to as “effluent.” Anaerobic bacteria begin to break down the organic matter in the effluent as soon as it enters the system.
- A layer of sludge settles to the bottom of the container.
- Scum is mostly constituted of fats, greases, and oils, among other substances.
- Grease and oils float to the surface of the water.
- (5) A filter stops the majority of particles from reaching the exit pipe.
- The effluent is discharged into the drain field.
- Effluent is allowed to leak into the surrounding gravel because of holes in the drain septic field pipe.
When gravel is used to surround pipes, water can run into the soil and oxygen can reach germs. The garbage is completely decomposed by aerobic bacteria found in gravel and dirt. 9. Potable water seeps into the groundwater and aquifer system from the surface.
Septic Tank Clean Out: Don’t abuse the system
Septic systems that have been correctly planned and constructed require just occasional ‘pumping’ to remove the sludge and scum that has built up inside the tank. However, if you don’t understand how a septic tank works, you may unintentionally hurt or even destroy the system.
- Drains are used to dispose of waste that decomposes slowly (or not at all). Cigarette butts, diapers, and coffee grounds are all known to cause issues. Garbage disposers, if utilized excessively, can introduce an excessive amount of solid waste into the system. Lint from synthetic fibers is emitted from washing machine lint traps. This substance is not degraded by bacteria in the tank and drain septic field. Bacteria are killed by chemicals found in the home, such as disinfecting cleansers and antibacterial soaps. The majority of systems are capable of withstanding limited usage of these goods, but the less you use them, the better. When a large amount of wastewater is produced in a short period of time, the tank is flushed away too quickly. When there is too much sludge, bacteria’s capacity to break down waste is reduced. Sludge can also overflow into the drain field if there is too much of it. Sludge or scum obstructs the flow of water via a pipe. It is possible for tree and shrub roots to obstruct and cause harm to a drain field. Compacted soil and gravel prevent wastewater from seeping into the ground and deprive germs of oxygen. Most of the time, this is caused by vehicles driving or parking on the drain field.
Get your tank pumped…
Your tank must be emptied on a regular basis by a professional. Pumping eliminates the accumulation of sludge and scum that has accumulated in the tank, which has caused the bacterial action to be slowed. If you have a large tank, it may be necessary to pump it once a year; but, depending on the size of your tank and the quantity of waste you send through the system, you may go two or three years between pumpings. Inquire with your inspector about an approximate guideline for how frequently your tank should be pumped.
…but don’t hire a pumper until you need it
Inspections and pumping should be performed on a regular basis. However, if you’re not afraid of getting your hands dirty, you may verify the sludge level yourself with a gadget known as The Sludge Judge. It ranges in price from $100 to $125 and is commonly accessible on the internet. Once you’ve verified that your tank is one-third full with sludge, you should contact a professional to come out and pump it out completely.
Install an effluent filter in your septic system
Garbage from your home accumulates into three distinct strata. The septic filter is responsible for preventing blockage of the drain field pipes.
Septic tank filter close-up
The septic tank filter is responsible for capturing suspended particles that may otherwise block the drain field pipes. Obtain an effluent filter for your tank from your contractor and place it on the outflow pipe of your tank. (It will most likely cost between $50 and $100, plus labor.) This device, which helps to prevent sediments from entering the drain field, will need to be cleaned out on a regular basis by a contractor to maintain its effectiveness.
Solution for a clogged septic system
If your septic system becomes clogged and you find yourself having to clean the filter on a regular basis, you might be tempted to simply remove the filter altogether. Hold on to it. Solids, wastewater, and scum are separated into three levels in septic tanks, which allows them to function properly (see illustration above). Solids sink to the bottom of the container, where microbes breakdown them. The scum, which is made up of trash that is lighter than water, rises to the surface. In the drainage field, the middle layer of effluent leaves the tank and goes through an underground network of perforated pipes to the drainage field.
- Keep the effluent filter in place since it is required by your state’s health law.
- Waste particles might flow through the filter and clog the perforated pipes if the filter is not used.
- Your filter, on the other hand, should not require cleaning every six months.
- A good chance is high that you’re flushing filter-clogging things down the toilet, such as grease, fat, or food scraps.
- A garbage disposal will not be able to break down food particles sufficiently to allow them to flow through the septic tank filtration system.
- Plastic items, disposable diapers, paper towels, nonbiodegradable goods, and tobacco products will clog the system if they are flushed through it.
For additional information on what should and should not be flushed down the toilet, contact your local health authority. More information on removing lint from your laundry may be found here.
Get an inspection
Following a comprehensive first check performed by an expert, regular inspections will cost less than $100 each inspection for the next year. Your professional will be able to inform you how often you should get your system inspected as well as how a septic tank functions. As straightforward as a septic system appears, determining its overall condition necessitates the services of a professional. There are a plethora of contractors who would gladly pump the sludge out of your tank, but many, in my experience, are unable to explain how a septic system works or how it should be maintained.
A certification scheme for septic contractors has been established in certain states; check with your state’s Secretary of State’s office to see whether yours is one of them.
Also, a qualified inspector will be able to tell you whether or not your tank is large enough to accommodate your household’s needs, as well as the maximum amount of water that can be passed through it in a single day.
As you learn more about how a septic tank works, your professional should be able to tell you whether or not your system will benefit from this treatment.
Alternatives to a new drain field
If an examination or a sewage backup indicate that your drain field is in need of replacement, the only option is to replace it completely. As a result, it’s important to talk with a contractor about other possibilities before proceeding with the project.
- Pipes should be cleaned. A rotating pressure washer, used by a contractor, may be used to clean out the drain septic field pipes. The cost of “jetting” the pipes is generally around $200. Chemicals should be used to clean the system. A commercial solution (not a home-made one) that enhances the quantity of oxygen in the drain field should be discussed with your contractor before installing your new system. Septic-Scrub is a product that I suggest. A normal treatment will cost between $500 and $1,000. Make the soil more pliable. The practice of “terra-lifting,” which involves pumping high-pressure air into several spots surrounding the drain field, is authorized in some regions. Some contractors use it to shatter compacted dirt around the pipes. Depending on the circumstances, this might cost less than $1,000 or as much as $4,000 or more.
Protect your drain septic field from lint
When this device is in place, it inhibits lint from entering the system, especially synthetic fibers that bacteria are unable to digest. One of these filters, which I’ve designed and termed theSeptic Protector, was invented by me. An additional filter is included in the price of around $150 plus delivery. Learn more about how to filter out laundry lint in this article.
Don’t overload the septic system
Reduce the amount of water you use. The volume of water that flows into your tank, particularly over a short period of time, can be reduced to avoid untreated waste from being flushed into your drain field. Replace outdated toilets with low-flow ones, install low-flow showerheads, and, perhaps most importantly, wash laundry throughout the week rather than just on Saturday mornings to save water.
Meet the Expert
Septic systems, according to Jim vonMeier, are the solution to America’s water deficit because they supply cleaned water to depleted aquifers, according to vonMeier. He travels the country lobbying for septic systems, giving lectures, and giving testimony. For septic system inquiries, as well as information on the operation of the septic tank, contact him by email.
Precast Concrete Septic Tanks vs. Plastic Septic Tanks
When it comes to selecting a septic tank for your property, there are several alternatives to consider. First and foremost, you want to be sure that the tank you choose has the appropriate capacity for your home. After that, you’ll want to be certain that you select a tank that will give years of dependable service for you and your family members.
A precast concrete septic tank is the most suitable option. Precast septic tanks provide several advantages over other types of tanks, such as plastic, steel, or fiberglass. Because of this, concrete septic tanks are required in a large number of cities and municipalities.
The Benefits Of A Precast Septic Tank
- The tanks weigh a great deal. While this may be considered a disadvantage by some, we feel it is one of the most significant advantages of using carbon fiber over other materials. Because of the weight of the precast concrete septic tank, it will never “float” to the surface, which is something that certain lesser weight tanks may accomplish in certain scenarios. Precast concrete septic tanks have a specific gravity of 2.40, which makes them more resistant to buoyant forces than other septic tank materials. HDPE has a specific gravity of 0.97, which is very high. For anchoring structures composed of more buoyant materials, further labor-intensive and time-consuming on-site preparation is required. When selecting a septic tank for your property, it is important to consider the following factors: Precast septic tanks do not rust, which is a major concern. Steel tanks, as well as portions of some plastic and fiberglass tanks, are extremely susceptible to corrosion and failure. Unlike traditional concrete, precast concrete gradually gains strength over time. Other materials, such as steel or high-density polyethylene (HDPE), can degrade and lose their strength. The contents of precast concrete storage tanks may be pumped out without the risk of the tank collapsing. The process of installation is basic and uncomplicated. Shea Concrete offers a staff of tank installers that have completed hundreds of tank installations in the past. We are well-versed in site preparation and are capable of overcoming virtually any installation challenge. In addition, we have vehicles that are fitted with hoists and can even crane a tank over a house when necessary
- Concrete, along with water, is the most widely utilized building material on the planet. This natural substance is non-toxic, ecologically safe, and comprised entirely of natural materials, making it an excellent choice for septic tanks. Concrete is employed in a variety of applications throughout the country and has no negative impact on the quality of groundwater or surface water. During the installation process, plastic tanks are susceptible to damage. In most cases, the installation process is to blame for tank failures
- Precast concrete tanks can be made watertight if they are manufactured in accordance with the National Precast Concrete Association’s “Septic Tank Manufacturing” Best Practices Manual and/or ASTM C 1227, “Standard Specification for Precast Concrete Septic Tanks.” In accordance with these industry standards, which Shea Concrete adheres to, the required processes to be followed during the fabrication of waterproof tanks are specified. It is never acceptable to drive an automobile over a plastic storage tank. This may set restrictions on the location of the tank and leaching area on your land.
Why A Concrete Septic Tank?
Concrete septic tanks are preferable than fiberglass or plastic septic tanks because they are waterproof and heavy duty, making them the preferred storage vessel for on-site sewage storage and treatment over the other materials. In the United States, there are over 40 million septic systems in operation. Septic systems rely on the soil surrounding the septic tank, which is the major component in a septic system, to filter the wastewater discharged from the tank. Concrete septic tanks are also well-known for the following characteristics, in addition to the advantages described above:
- Strength improves with time
- Ease of installation
- Low susceptibility to damage during the backfill process
Shea Concrete Septic Tanks
The Shea Concrete Company has been building and installing precast concrete septic tanks for more than 65 years. Shea has a comprehensive variety of septic, cistern, and pump tanks in capacities ranging from 500 to 55,000 gallons, with the most of these sizes being transported by our company trucks, as well. Underground tanks for sewage storage that are safe and long-lasting are manufactured by us at a competitive price. If you are thinking about upgrading or installing a new system, we would be delighted to speak with you.
All About Septic Tanks
If you live in a rural region or even just outside of city borders, you may be one of the 20 percent of families in the United States that utilize a private septic system to dispose of household water and waste from kitchens and bathrooms rather than a municipal sewage system to dispose of this garbage. Even though there are many other types of septic systems, the most typical is a tank and a drain (or leach) field that are positioned 50 to 100 feet away from the home and are connected by a pipe.
What is a Septic Tank?
It is an underground container that is waterproof and is used to store waste water. A minimum of a 1000-gallon capacity tank is often required for a two- or three-bedroom residence. By means of a pipe that feeds into the tank’s intake, it is connected to the house’s waste drainage system. Partially enclosed walls within the tank, known as baffles, are intended to aid in the settling of waste. New tanks are equipped with filters that prevent tiny particles from entering the drain field, even if some older tanks may not be equipped with such filters.
How Do Septic Tanks Work?
Waste is transported from the home to the tank, where it is separated into heavier solids (sludge) and lighter solids and liquids, with the heavier solids and liquids settling to the tank’s bottom and lighter solids and liquids remaining at the top. Bacterial colonies in the tank break down the sewage as it is being processed. Water from the tank drains down into a trench filled with gravel or stone, which is then covered with geo-fabric and earth, allowing the waste liquids (effluent) to flow into a drain or leach field.
After passing through the stone/gravel filter, the effluent sinks into the soil below and is treated by bacteria that reside in the soil, before flowing as clean water into the groundwater table.
What are the Most Common Types of Septic Tanks?
Steel, concrete, fiberglass, and polyethylene are the most common materials used to construct septic tanks. Stainless steel tanks have a shorter service life and are only seen in older systems because of their tendency to corrode. Concrete tanks are strong and long-lasting, however they are susceptible to cracking and leaking wastewater. Tanks made of fiberglass and polyethylene are both lightweight and crack-resistant. Polyethylene is often less costly than fiberglass in comparison to other materials.
It’s also important to distinguish between anaerobic tanks (which operate with little or no oxygen present) and aerobic tanks (which operate with oxygen present but are pumped into the effluent).
Aerobic bacteria are more successful in breaking down waste before it enters the drainfield as a result of the presence of oxygen, which allows the system to work with a smaller drain field, making it ideal for smaller lots.
There must also be an electrical circuit for the system to function properly.
How Often Should You Pump a Septic Tank?
Sludge accumulates in tanks over a lengthy period of time, and the tanks must be emptied in order for them to continue operating properly. Most waste disposal firms recommend that tanks be pumped every three to five years, while certain tanks may require pumping more frequently if they are subjected to heavy use. Tank filters and outlets can become blocked from time to time, causing the tank to overflow. It is therefore crucial to only flush toilet paper and trash down the toilet. Sterilization products, paper towels, cat litter, oil, cigarette butts, coffee grounds, and poisonous substances should not be flushed since they will interfere with the tank’s capacity to work properly.
A professional septic tank inspection is also recommended by the EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) once every three years for residential septic tanks.
How Long do Septic Tanks Last?
Most septic tanks, whether they are made of concrete, fiberglass, or plastic, should endure for at least 40 years provided they are properly examined and maintained on a regular basis. Tanks built of steel that are older than 20 years may only last for 20 years. Your system can require more regular pumping if it has been overworked, or if your household has grown and your waste output has risen, it may be time to consider replacing the tank.
A 1,000-gallon anaerobic tank installation can cost between $2,100 and $5,000, according to homeadvisor.com’s cost estimator. Adding aerobic tanks to your system necessitates the building of a specialized drain field, which can cost between $10,000 and $20,000.
A Brief History Of The Septic Tank – Septic Tank Pumping – B&B Pumping – Top Rated Septic Cleaning Services
The difficulty of dealing with garbage has been a problem for humanity from the beginning of time. It became necessary for humans to transition from nomadic bands of hunter-gatherers to established communities of farmers as they transitioned from nomadic bands to settled communities of farmers. Septic systems and sewage treatment facilities became increasingly necessary as these cities expanded. While humans have been devising ingenious methods to dispose of their waste for millennia, it has only been in the last few decades that septic tanks and systems have become a standard feature of established life.
Ancient Waste Management
Chinese “toilet” and waste management systems are among the world’s oldest known examples of human ingenuity. Around the year 200 BCE, they created something that looked a lot like a toilet. Later, in Europe, cultures began to construct outhouses in order to avoid having to continually search for new areas to relieve themselves. However, while these systems were effective in keeping human waste contained to one section of a town or city, they also required the covering of waste pits and the excavation of a new latrine whenever an existing latrine became full.
The human race was happy with digging latrine pits for literally thousands of years, right up to the turn of the nineteenth century. Jean-Louis Mouras, a French inventor, determined at that point to develop a new waste management system for the world. The drop in temperature served as the incentive for his research. You would have to go outside to use an outhouse until that time if you needed to relieve yourself. As a result, while you were able to keep the scent out of your home, you were subjected to some extremely chilly trips to the bathroom throughout the winter.
From his house, he connected the pipes to the tank, which was submerged beneath the earth.
He was taken aback when he discovered that the tank was full with liquid waste and had a coating of scum on top of it.
It wasn’t until 1881 that Mouras and his partner had developed the system and secured a patent for their design, allowing them to market their innovation around the world.
Septic Tanks in the United States
However, while a French inventor can claim credit for the invention of the septic system, it was the United States that would refine the idea. The first septic tanks came in the United States in the early 1880s. The concept gained popularity fast, and many households began to construct septic tanks built of concrete, steel, and clay as a result. It was intended that these systems would drain onto a drainage field. By the end of World War II, septic systems could be found in homes and businesses all around the United States of America.
These early systems were prone to breaking and being coated with rust, which corroded the pipes and tank, causing them to burst and collapse. It was obvious that new septic tank designs and materials were required in the United States.
Septic Tanks Today
Americans were concerned about a variety of issues related to their septic systems, in addition to failed sewage disposal systems. There was worry that leach fields were emptying sewage into groundwater sources because urban areas were growing faster than sewage treatment plants could be built. This resulted in the creation of modern septic tanks that are composed of materials that are sturdy and long-lasting, such as fiberglass, precast concrete, polyurethane, PVC, and other polymers. With regular septic tank maintenance, these systems were considerably easier to operate and care for, and they resulted in a lower number of complications.
They are also erected in elevated mounds to prevent water from seeping into groundwater that is close to the surface.
Your Go-To Source For Septic Tank Pumping
These modern systems, which are constructed of cutting-edge and long-lasting materials, may outlast their predecessors from the nineteenth century in terms of longevity, but it does not imply that they are without flaws. Failure to properly maintain your septic tank can result in a wide range of difficulties and complications. That’s why it’s so vital to collaborate with the experts at BB Pumping to ensure that your septic tank receives the regular maintenance it need to function properly. Make contact with us right now to make an appointment!
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Who Invented the Septic Tank? – Septic Tank Pumping – B&B Pumping – Top Rated Septic Cleaning Services
What to do with human excrement has been a source of consternation since the beginning of humanity. When people first began to colonize the earth, they simply sought different locations in the woods where they could relieve themselves and then buried the contents. People soon understood that water would wash away their wastes downstream of where they were living, allowing them to maintain their surroundings clear of waste materials. However, as civilizations evolved and the population increased, this rapidly became a less desirable alternative because there was no longer any available land to bury waste materials.
It was necessary to take action.
Residential and commercial septic tank systems, as well as septic tank repair and installation services, are the focus of our family-owned business.
We’ll take a look at the man who invented the septic tank in the section below.
THE INVENTION OF THE SEPTIC TANK
The Minoans of ancient Greece were the forerunners of numerous water supply methods that were beneficial to those who lived inland. Underground pipe systems, aqueducts, cisterns, and even flush toilets were among the innovations made possible by the Industrial Revolution. The Romans took this concept and developed it further, adapting it to the needs of large cities. After the fall of the Roman Empire, people began to return to the countryside, obviating the need for sophisticated waste disposal infrastructure.
- Approximately 500 years later, Europeans improved on this design by covering it with a seat and adding a seat at the back of the outhouse.
- Furthermore, you were had to go outside regardless of whether it was pouring, snowing, hailing, hot, or freezing.
- Despite this, humanity continued to live in this manner for hundreds of years, until the mid-19th century.
- He was resolved to develop a trash disposal system that would eliminate the need for people to go outdoors to dispose of their waste.
- A cesspool was used to catch any overflowing sewage, which was then removed by the city when it was necessary.
- In the wake of this finding, he set about perfecting his design, which resulted in the grant of a patent in 1881, and the introduction of this septic tank to the United States in 1883.
- These septic tanks, which were constructed of concrete or steel, were discharged onto drainage fields, where Mother Nature completed the cleansing process.
- Furthermore, with metropolitan areas in the United States increasing at a quicker rate than wastewater treatment facilities could be constructed, it was critical to address the problems associated with septic tanks.
As a result of worries about polluted groundwater, septic tanks were upgraded even further.
The Modern Septic Tank System
BB Pumping in Azle points out that contemporary septic tanks are constructed of the highest-quality materials, such as fiberglass, precast concrete, polyurethane, PVC, and other plastic materials, which endure longer than concrete and steel, according to the company. Drainpipes are constructed primarily of plastic, and special measures are made to ensure that they are securely located away from groundwater sources. If the water table is low, drainage pipes may be installed in artificial mounds, which may be seen in some circumstances.
Many modern technologies have continued to build on historical innovations, such as septic tank risers, effluent filters, fitler alarms, and other similar devices and systems.
Local governments frequently demand routine septic tank maintenance in municipalities in order to guarantee that septic systems are running effectively and safely for the benefit of the general public.
CHOOSE BB PUMPING IN THE FORT WORTH AREA TODAY
BB Pumping is a septic tank servicing company that provides the best service in the Fort Worth region. Systems that are both aerobic and conventional (anaerobic) in nature are serviced by us. Our crew has years of expertise in ensuring that the septic systems of both residential and commercial clients are in proper operational condition. Septic tank systems are extremely reliable when properly maintained and may survive for decades. We are enthusiastic about what we do, and our knowledgeable experts are here to answer any questions you may have regarding our services.
Maintaining the health of your septic tank system is also important for the health of you and your family.
To get started right away, contact our septic tank business.