- Before installing a septic tank, you’re legally obligated to obtain a percolation or “perc” test. This test confirms the soil meets requirements set by the city and local health department. Usually, the soil is required to have adequate amounts of permeable contents like sand or gravel.
Can I install my own leach field?
You may also need to pull a permit to put in a new leach field. A leach field is an important part of a septic system. It disperses fluid from the septic system over a large area of soil adjacent to the building it services. Building your own leach field is physically difficult, but it can save you lots of money.
What are the new regulations regarding septic tanks?
Under the new rules, if you have a specific septic tank that discharges to surface water (river, stream, ditch, etc.) you are required to upgrade or replace your septic tank treatment system to a full sewage treatment plant by 2020, or when you sell a property, if it’s prior to this date.
What should I ask about septic tank?
6 Questions You Need To Ask During A Septic System Inspection
- What Is A Septic System?
- How Often Should You Get A Septic Inspection?
- What Does A Septic Inspection Involve?
- How Much Does A Septic Inspection Cost?
- How Long Do Septic Systems Last?
- When Should You Repair Or Replace Your Septic System?
What materials do I need for a septic tank?
Septic tanks are classified into 4 different types based on materials used for manufacturing and they are as follows:
- Concrete septic tank.
- Steel septic tank.
- Plastic septic tank.
- Fiberglass septic tank.
Can you have a septic tank without a leach field?
The waste from most septic tanks flows to a soakaway system or a drainage field. If your septic tank doesn’t have a drainage field or soakaway system, the waste water will instead flow through a sealed pipe and empty straight into a ditch or a local water course.
Do you need planning permission for a septic tank?
The short answer is yes. You will need planning permission from a local authority in order to have a septic tank installed, no matter if it’s at your own home or on a business site.
How far should a septic tank be from a house?
Most importantly, a septic tank must be at least seven metres from a house, defined as a ‘habitable property’. Septic tanks are built underground and release wastewater slowly into the surrounding environment. For this reason, they must be a set distance away from a home.
Is my septic tank illegal?
No, septic tanks aren’t going to be banned. Septic tanks do a good job of holding back solids and separating solids from liquid, they also offer a small degree of biological cleaning, however the waste that is discharged from them is still very high in ammonia and requires treatment before entering the environment.
How long do septic tanks last?
A septic system’s lifespan should be anywhere from 15 to 40 years. How long the system lasts depends on a number of factors, including construction material, soil acidity, water table, maintenance practices, and several others.
How much does it cost to pump a septic tank?
How much does it cost to pump out a septic tank? The average cost is $300, but can run up to $500, depending on your location. The tank should be pumped out every three to five years.
How often pump septic tank?
Inspect and Pump Frequently The average household septic system should be inspected at least every three years by a septic service professional. Household septic tanks are typically pumped every three to five years.
Are plastic septic tanks better than concrete?
Plastic septic tanks are watertight and are immune to water-based corrosion. They are also rust-resistant. Plastic tanks are less prone to cracking since plastic is flexible, and thus a plastic septic tank does not crack as much as a cement septic tank. Plastic septic tanks are more hygienic than cement tanks.
Are septic tanks made of concrete?
Modern septic tanks are made out of either industrial plastic or precast concrete. Some tanks are also made of fiberglass, though this material is uncommon in the United States. Concrete is inherently watertight, whereas plastic and fiberglass must undergo extra processes in order to hold water.
How do you size a septic tank?
Septic Tank Size Calculation based Per User Consumption
- Cooking – 5 Liters.
- Bathing & Toilet – 85 Liters/Person, So for 5 person – 425 liters/Day.
- Washing cloths & Utensils – 30 Liters.
- Cleaning House – 10 Liters.
- Other – 5 Litres.
Septic Tank Installation and Pricing
To process and dispose of waste, a septic system has an underground septic tank constructed of plastic, concrete, fiberglass, or other material that is located beneath the earth. Designed to provide a customized wastewater treatment solution for business and residential locations, this system may be installed anywhere. Although it is possible to construct a septic tank on your own, we recommend that you hire a professional to do it owing to the amount of skill and specific equipment required.
Who Needs a Septic Tank?
For the most part, in densely populated areas of the nation, a home’s plumbing system is directly connected to the municipal sewer system. Because municipal sewer lines are not readily available in more rural regions, sewage must be treated in a septic tank. If you’re moving into a newly constructed house or onto land that doesn’t already have a septic tank, you’ll be responsible for putting in a septic system on your own.
How to Prepare for Your Septic Tank Installation
Here are a few pointers to keep in mind to make sure your septic tank installation goes as smoothly as possible.
Receive Multiple Estimates
Receiving quotations from licensed septic tank installers and reading reviews about each firm using trustworthy, third-party customer evaluations should be done before any excavation or signing of any paperwork is done. Examine your options for a contractor and make sure they have the appropriate insurance and license, as well as the ability to include critical preparations such as excavation and drain field testing in their quotation.
Test the Soil and Obtain a Permit
For septic systems to function properly, permeable soil surrounding the tank must absorb and naturally handle liquid waste, ensuring that it does not pollute runoff water or seep into the groundwater. The drain or leach field is the name given to this region. Before establishing a septic tank, you are required by law to do a percolation test, sometimes known as a “perc” test. This test indicates that the soil fits the specifications established by the city and the local health agency. In most cases, suitable levels of permeable materials, such as sand or gravel, are necessary in a soil’s composition.
Note: If you wish to install a septic tank on your property, you must first ensure that the ground passes the percolation test.
Plan for Excavation
Excavation of the vast quantity of land required for a septic tank necessitates the use of heavy machinery. If you are presently residing on the property, be careful to account for landscaping fees to repair any damage that may have occurred during the excavation process. Plan the excavation for your new home at a period when it will have the least influence on the construction process if you are constructing a new home.
Typically, this occurs before to the paving of roads and walkways, but after the basic structure of the home has been constructed and erected. Adobe Licensed (Adobe Licensed)
The Cost of Installing a Septic Tank
There are a few installation charges and additional expenditures connected with constructing a new septic system, ranging from a percolation test to emptying the septic tank and everything in between.
A percolation test can range in price from $250 to $1,000, depending on the area of the property and the soil characteristics that are being tested. Ordinarily, specialists will only excavate a small number of holes in the intended leach field region; however, if a land study is required to identify where to excavate, the cost of your test may rise.
Building Permit Application
A permit will be required if you want to install a septic tank on your property. State-by-state variations in permit prices exist, however they are normally priced around $200 and must be renewed every few years on average.
Excavation and Installation
When you have passed a percolation test and obtained a building permit, your septic tank is ready to be professionally placed. The cost of a new septic system is determined by the size of your home, the kind of system you choose, and the material used in your septic tank. The following is a list of the many treatment methods and storage tanks that are now available, as well as the normal pricing associated with each.
Types of Septic Tank Systems
Septic system that is used in the traditional sense Traditionally, a septic system relies on gravity to transport waste from the home into the septic tank. Solid trash settles at the bottom of the sewage treatment plant, while liquid sewage rises to the top. Whenever the amount of liquid sewage increases over the outflow pipe, the liquid waste is discharged into the drain field, where it continues to disintegrate. This type of traditional septic system is generally the most economical, with an average cost of roughly $3,000 on the market today.
Drain fields for alternative systems require less land than conventional systems and discharge cleaner effluent.
Septic system that has been engineered A poorly developed soil or a property placed on an uphill slope need the installation of an engineered septic system, which is the most difficult to install.
It is necessary to pump the liquid waste onto a leach field, rather than depending on gravity to drain it, in order to ensure that it is equally dispersed across the land.
Types of Septic Tanks
- Concrete septic tanks are long-lasting and rust-proof, but they are difficult to repair if they are damaged. It is possible that concrete tanks will cost up to $2,000 depending on their size. Plastic —While plastic tanks are cost-effective, they are also susceptible to damage. They are around $1,200 in price. Fiberglass —While fiberglass septic tanks are more durable than their plastic counterparts, they are susceptible to shifting or displacement if the water table rises to an excessive level. Depending on the model, these tanks may cost up to $2,000
More information may be found at: Septic Warranty Coverage and Costs.
Using Your Septic Tank
It is important to maintain the area around your new septic tank’s drain field and to frequently check your tank using the lids included with it. Never use a trash disposal in conjunction with your septic tank since it might cause the system to clog. Additionally, avoid driving over the land where your septic tank is located or putting heavy gear on top of your septic tank or drain field to prevent damage. Most of the time, after five years of septic system use, you’ll need to arrange a cleaning and pumping of the system.
Consequently, there will be no accumulation of solid waste that will leach into the surrounding soil or groundwater. Send an email to our Reviews Team [email protected] if you have any comments or questions regarding this post.
Certification Requirements for Septic Tank Installation
A septic tank is a system that is meant to dispose of sewage in a safe manner. When sewage waste material is generated in rural regions, it is digested in a big tank by the action of anaerobic bacteria rather than being transported to a waste water treatment facility. The majority of septic tanks are built to function using a continuous flow approach and feature a two-part construction, with the top compartment used for settling sewage and the bottom compartment used for anaerobic disintegration of sludge in the lower compartment.
Installer Certification or Licensing
Most states require that plumbers and other professionals who build or repair septic tanks be licensed or qualified before they can work on the system. A number of septic-system-related certifications are available in several states, including Texas. The Texas Commission on Environmental Quality lists residential, commercial, and drip-emitter system certifications as examples of what may be obtained. Installation, cleaning/repair, and dismantling of septic tanks are all subject to separate certification requirements in some states.
Septic Tank Professional Exam
For septic tank specialists to be able to build or repair septic systems, they must often pass a rigorous examination. The subjects included in the test vary from state to state, but they often include the following: minimum site requirements for septic tank installation, building standards, suitable connections and venting, waste disposal, and safety concerns. Septic tank professional examinations often include a review of state legislation on the issue, including enforcement measures such as fines for establishing septic systems without a valid permit or permit number.
Septic System Business License
According to the Minnesota Pollution Control Agency, certain states, such as Minnesota, require that septic system-related firms get an extra business license and bonding. It is common for businesses to be required to get and maintain liability insurance, as well as to pay yearly fees and provide documentation that at least one employee of the business holds a valid license or certification to undertake septic system repair. If you are beginning a septic tank installation business, you should make certain that you have all of the necessary insurance and that any staff you recruit have had thorough background checks.
Septic Tank Installation Permit
It is necessary to get a permission from either a state or local government entity, or from both, depending on where you reside in order to build a septic tank. In most circumstances, once you have completed an application and paid the appropriate costs, an inspector will come to your location to inspect the planned site. As soon as your application is approved, you will be provided with a list of licensed septic contractors from which to pick. In most states, septic tank licenses are valid for a period of five years.
Payment of renewal costs, as well as participation in an inspection, are usually required for permit renewal in most cases. If something goes wrong when installing a septic system without a permit, both the workers and the homeowners are put at danger.
How Much Does a Septic Tank System Cost?
A Quick Look at Septic Tank Prices
- Total cost: $3,900 on average
- $1,500 to $5,000 on a sliding scale
- Anaerobic septic tanks cost between $2,000 and $5,000
- Aerobic septic tanks cost between $10,000 and $20,000
- Gravity septic tanks cost between $1,500 and $4,000
- Mound septic tanks cost between $10,000 and $20,000
- Chamber septic tanks cost between $1,500 and $5,000
- Conventional septic tanks cost between $2,000 and $5,000.
The wastewater generated by your household is teeming with potentially harmful germs. In order to properly dispose of waste and prevent it from backing up into your sinks and toilets, you must ensure that your septic tank is in good working condition. This Might Also Be of Interest to You: What Is the Difference Between a Septic System and a Sewer System? Everything you need to know about septic tank replacement, including how much it will cost, can be found in this article.
What Is a Septic Tank?
A septic tank is an underground chamber that is used to treat residential wastewater to a modest degree. It is intended to store wastewater for an extended period of time, allowing particles to settle to the bottom and oil and grease to float to the surface. After that, the liquid waste is filtered away.
How Much Does It Cost to Install a Septic Tank?
In most cases, a new septic tank system will cost you around $3,900 to install. It costs between $1,500 and $5,000 to install a conventional 1,250-gallon tank, which is the perfect size for a three- or four-bedroom house. This price includes the tank itself, which ranges in price from $600 to $2,100 or more depending on the size and kind. Workman’s compensation is included in the price of the installation and often ranges from $1,500 to $4,000.
Types of Septic Tank Systems
Septic tank installation and replacement costs are heavily influenced by the type of system that you select to use. Tanks come in a variety of shapes and sizes. Here are a few examples:
Anaerobic Septic System
Anaerobic systems are a popular alternative for many homes since they don’t require any additional electricity or chemicals to function properly. Anaerobic systems include microorganisms that do not require oxygen to exist and hence are called anaerobic systems. Solid waste is broken down by microbes, and any leftover liquid waste is pumped out and spread beneath the surface of the soil. The garbage is naturally recycled when the water seeps into the ground and returns to the environment. The installation of these devices is between $2,000 and $5,000.
Aerobic Septic System
Aerobic systems, in contrast to anaerobic systems, make use of microorganisms that do not require oxygen to live. To activate the bacteria in the tank, oxygen is injected into it, and the bacteria then feed on the solid waste. Aerobic systems perform effectively in soils that are unsuitable for other systems and in areas where the groundwater table is elevated. It is an excellent choice for residences that are close to a body of water. Aerobic systems are more costly to install than anaerobic ones.
Gravity Septic System
Gravity septic systems employ gravity to filter and move water through the system. They must be put on a mild slope in order to allow water to flow without the use of a pump. The cost of installation ranges from $1,500 to $4,000.
Conventional Septic System
A standard septic system is comprised of a septic tank and a trench that serves as a drain field for the collection of waste. The trench is built on stone or gravel and is designed to allow water to move through it easily.
In order to prevent sand or dirt from contaminating the clean soil, geofabric is laid over the top of the trench and secured in place. In order to function properly, a traditional septic system requires a huge amount of room. The installation of these devices is between $2,000 and $5,000.
Mound Septic System
If your groundwater table is close to the surface, a mound septic system is the most appropriate option for your situation. An area for the septic system is prepared, and a sand mound is built to allow effluent from the tank to be pumped into the mound in modest amounts. The sand then acts as a filter, preventing the water from reaching the soil and groundwater. This design necessitates a large amount of floor space. They’re also expensive to install since a sand mound needs to be built before they can be utilized.
Chamber Septic System
Chamber septic systems have lately gained popularity as an alternative to traditional septic systems. They are comparable to conventional systems, with the exception that plastic chambers, rather than gravel, are utilized in the drain field. These are less difficult to build and have a lower carbon footprint. The cost of installing them ranges from $1,500 to $5,000.
Septic Tank Materials
Another aspect that influences cost is the type of material used to construct your septic tank. The following are some of the most often seen materials:
Concrete septic tanks are the most prevalent form of septic tank because they are extremely long-lasting and reliable. They can survive for 20 to 30 years if they are properly maintained. Concrete, on the other hand, may break with time. When concrete is reinforced with rebar, the strength of the concrete is increased when subjected to pressure. Because of its weight, installation is more difficult and necessitates the use of specialized equipment. The cost of a typical-sized concrete tank ranges from $720 to $2,050 dollars.
Fiberglass does not deteriorate when utilized underground, and because it is nonporous, it will not support the formation of algae. Because of the tank’s modest weight, it is easy to install. You won’t have to worry about cracking since, unlike concrete, it will not expand or shrink as the weather changes. The typical cost of a fiberglass tank is between $1,600 and $2,000.
Tanks made of plastic are lightweight and simple to install. They’re also fairly long-lasting. Plastic tanks range in price from $830 to $1,400 on average, depending on the kind.
In spite of steel’s strength and durability, septic tanks built of steel are susceptible to rust and collapse if not properly maintained. As a result, several municipal governments have tightened their restrictions in order to discourage their usage. Typically, you’ll discover them in regions where the system was already in operation. If you are able to have one installed, they range in price from $900 to $9,900.
What Size Septic Tank Do You Need?
The size of your septic tank is normally decided by the number of bedrooms in your house. This is used to calculate the amount of water that will flow through the system on a daily basis. In general, the expense of a system increases in direct proportion to its size.
A septic system with a minimum of a 750-gallon septic tank is required for a two-bedroom residence.
However, in many localities, a 1,000-gallon tank is the least capacity that may be accommodated.
A minimum of a 1,000-gallon water tank is required for a three-bedroom residence, which handles around 360 gallons of water each day on a daily basis.
A bigger tank, with a minimum volume of 1,250 gallons, is required for a four-bedroom residence. It is capable of handling around 480 to 600 gallons of water each day. Additional Related Articles:
- How to keep the cost of septic tank pumping to a bare minimum
- 3 Symptoms of Sewer and Septic System Problems
- Do you have a clogged sewer line? Here’s What You Should Do
- Water Sewer Line Repair: Do It Yourself or Hire a Professional
- Listed here are 15 common plumbing problems that every homeowner should be aware of.
Septic Tank Repair Costs
It’s conceivable that only a certain component of your septic tank has to be replaced rather than the complete tank. Repairs and replacement parts can be purchased for a fraction of the cost of a complete system replacement. The following are some of the most often seen repairs:
Drain fields can get overloaded and flood, resulting in sewage backing up into toilets and sinks. The cost of replacing a drain or leach field ranges from $3,500 to $11,000.
A replacement septic tank pump typically costs between $500 and $1,200.
It is the most typical type of filter change that is performed by homeowners. It typically costs between $230 and $280.
Concrete coverings and steel lids may break and corrode as a result of exposure to the elements. In most cases, you can repair a septic tank lid on your own for about $35 and $60. In most cases, having it changed by a professional is more expensive.
The baffle is responsible for directing wastewater through the septic tank. A replacement baffle piece will cost between $23 and $44 dollars.
Additional Factors to Consider
A septic tank can be built either below or above ground, depending on your preferences. Because of the amount of excavating and footing preparation required, installing a tank underground is a pricey endeavor. Underground septic tanks necessitate the construction of a drain field that can accommodate a soakaway. In addition, because the soakaway allows for part of the wastewater to drain into the ground, the tank will require less emptying over time. Over time, this might result in a reduction in your expenditure.
Some demand that an inspector check and approve the site, which might result in a fee being charged to the homeowner.
How Long Does a Septic Tank Last?
The lifespan of a septic tank varies based on the material used and the type of system used. The lifespan of a septic tank might be reduced if the tank becomes clogged due to roots or floods from groundwater. Septic systems have a lifespan of 15 to 20 years on average. Maintaining your septic tank on a regular basis is the most effective approach to extend its life. Keep in mind that maintaining your tank entails more than just draining out the contents; it’s also crucial to have a professional evaluate your tank on a regular basis and perform routine maintenance.
In the event that you have a plan in place, you can call our 24-hour repair hotline anytime a covered problem develops. We’ll dispatch one of our locally based, licensed, and highly qualified professionals to complete the work for you right away.
Septic Tank Installation & Repair
Our clients are like members of our family. It is you who provide the lifeblood of our organization. Let’s get to know one other a little better.
What is involved in the septic tank pumping process?
The septic tank will be located after we arrive at your residence. Following that, we will dig up both of the tank’s access lids and check to see that the septic is correctly draining from the home and that your field lines are properly taking in water. If everything appears to be in excellent working order, we shall cover the tank once again. Although it is not always necessary, we will pump out the septic tank depending on its condition. We shall notify the customer if this is required prior to carrying out the service.
We will provide the official inspection letter to you through email within 1-2 business days of receiving your request.
How do I know if my home has a septic tank? Or How do I find out where my septic tank is located?
On many occasions, when we arrive at your property, we can detect and locate the septic tank right immediately with the help of a probe rod. Alternatively, we offer a septic tank detector in case the probing rod is unsuccessful in its search for the septic tank. This is an excellent tool that is not available to the majority of septic businesses. Unfortunately, if the septic system is malfunctioning and sewage is backing up into the house, we will be unable to utilize the finder and the homeowner will be need to contact the county’s environmental health department for assistance.
This is only done in the event that we are unable to find a tank utilizing all of our other available options.
How frequently should you pump out a septic tank?
Once every 3-5 years, it is recommended that you get your septic tank pumped out. Over the course of several years, the steady flow of water from your home to your drain field can add up to a significant amount of volume. Drain lines can become oversaturated as a result of a steady flow of water if they are not maintained properly. This leads in the failure of the drain line. The act of pumping your septic system on a regular basis allows the system to take a break from all of the water that is continually being utilized in the house.
It is nearly certain that this will occur if your septic tank has not been emptied out on a regular basis.
How much does it cost to install a septic system and what do I need to do to get this done?
When it comes to establishing a septic system, the first thing that most homeowners ask is, “How much does it cost?” The answer to this question can vary depending on the materials required, the sort of work involved, the amount of time required, and whether or not any other unanticipated complications develop. This can vary based on the arrangement of the property, the kind of soil, and the size of the house. The first step a homeowner should take is to contact the county’s environmental health department for assistance.
- They will also give you with a permit and schedule a time and date for them to visit to your home and take a soil sample.
- Septic tanks with a capacity of 1,000 gallons will be required in the majority of residences.
- This will be determined by the county’s environmental health department on the day that the soil sample is collected and analyzed.
- The majority of the time, we can be at your house within a week to begin the installation process.
Following the completion of the septic tank installation, the county’s environmental health inspector will conduct a final examination of the septic system. Your septic tank will be ready to use when they have completed their inspection of the system.
Options for Installing or Upgrading a Septic System
- Approved homeowners
- Contractors or persons who have their work overseen or inspected by a qualified engineer
- Registered engineers
- Certified Installers (PDF)
Notice: If you are planning a construction project in the Municipality of Anchorage or the City of Valdez, you should check with those municipalities or cities for any extra regulations.
Option 1 – Hire a registered Professional Engineer:
Professional engineers who are licensed to practice in the state of Alaska may supervise the installation of a septic system by either a contractor or a homeowner. The soils will be evaluated, a percolation test will be performed if necessary, and a septic system will be designed by the engineer. Engineers are in charge of inspections and the preparation of the needed Documentation of Construction documentation, whilst contractors or homeowners are in charge of the system’s construction and installation.
If the minimum standards or separation distances cannot be satisfied, the services of an engineer are also necessary.
Option 2 – Hire a Certified Installer:
Certified Installers (PDF) are contractors who have undergone training that enables them to install standard septic systems without the need for an engineer to supervise the installation. The qualified installer, however, must pay an engineer to conduct a percolation test on your parcel before installing a system if the soils on your property necessitate one.
Option 3 – Participate in the Approved Homeowner program:
The following steps must be completed in order to be eligible to participate in the DEC’s Approved Homeowner program: 1.
- See DEC’s Interactive Training CDon septic system installation and pass the test that is available on the CD
- Submit a copy of the Confirmation Letter of Completion as well as your current feet to theDEC, and you will be able to get certified as a homeowner and build one septic system on your own owner-occupied private dwelling within one year of receiving certification. In order to begin the design and excavation of the system, you must employ a Professional Engineer to conduct an evaluation of all available soils in the area within 25 feet of the planned septic system before beginning the design and excavation of the system. To do this evaluation, an engineer may grade the soils on site, or it may be done by taking a soil sample from the soil stratum in which the absorption field will be installed and having a mechanical examination performed on the sample by a registered engineer or a soils laboratory. Using this information, the absorption area may be appropriately sized, and it must be provided together with the Documentation of Construction form. Photos of the installation and a Documentation of Constructionform must be completed by the homeowner and submitted to theDECwithin 90 days of completion to ensure that the installation complies with requirements.
Please follow the steps outlined below to obtain a digital version of the interactive training course developed by DEC:
- Download the Interactive Training CD (138 MB in ZIP format)
- “What do you wish to do with adec-septic.zip?” will be the question posed by the download manager. Select “Open” from the drop-down menu. This might take a few minutes, depending on your internet connection speed. As soon as the file has finished downloading, a new window will appear, which will contain the adec-septic zip file. To begin, open the file. Open the adec-septic.exe file. Select “Extract all” from the drop-down menu. Specify a destination for the extracted files, or leave the default location alone When the file has been successfully extracted, a window displaying the ADEC Septic file will appear. To begin, open the file. Open the ADEC Septic.exe program. The executable file now has a red symbol with a white arrow in the upper right corner. In order to begin the interactive training course, select “run.” To complete the course and the exam questions, follow the instructions carefully. The Approved Homeowners Program application can be completed at the conclusion of the course, assuming that you have answered all of the questions properly during the course. Complete this application and submit it, together with your money, to your local DEC office by mail or hand delivery. Please contact your localDECofficeor Ryan Peterson at the DEC/Soldotna Area Office if you are unable to download a copy of the Interactive Training CD and would want one shipped to you, or if you require more information. Alternatively, Ryan may be reached by phone at 907-262-3402 or by email at [email protected].
A last word of caution: The Mat-SuDECoffice highly recommends that homeowners who are installing septic systems engage a Professional Engineer to supervise the design and implementation of their system (see option 1). It is not necessary to pay the homeowner-installer fee or take the exam if an engineer supervises the design and installation. This indicates a link to an external website.
What Every Homeowner Should Know About Septic Tanks
Septic systems are essential in rural locations when public sewage lines do not reach the property. Despite the fact that every homeowner is aware of where his or her septic tank is placed and what it performs in general, there are some individuals who are completely unaware of—or do not wish to know about—what is going on beneath the surface. Septic tank fundamentals and septic tank maintenance in San Francisco are among the most important things that every homeowner should be aware of when it comes to their septic tanks.
- When wastewater is trapped in the chamber, the solid debris and scum begin to separate from the liquid and become visible.
- Some homeowners choose to employ chemicals to speed up the biological process, which is not recommended.
- Afterwards, the resultant liquid is drained through a conduit to a location known as the drain field, where it gradually seeps into the earth.
- In order to make an informed decision about a septic tank installation or purchasing a property that already has one, you need be aware of the costs associated with keeping the system up and operating properly.
- For example, a septic tank cleaning and pumping should be performed by a professional every three to five years, depending on the size of the tank and the volume of wastewater generated.
- Inspection of a septic tank In the event that you are interested in acquiring a property that already has an existing septic tank, be sure to get that tank professionally tested before signing any critical documents.
See whether there are any indicators of inadequate upkeep or previous floods. From there, your service specialist may utilize the specialized equipment of the trade to analyze the tank’s performance potential as well as its structural integrity and viability, among other things.
Indiana Septic System Installation and Permit Procedure Guide
See mySeptic Inspection Page for more information on my inspection services. The following are the five steps involved in establishing a new septic system in Indiana:
- Step One – On-site Evaluation
- Step Two – System Requirements
- Step Three – Design
- Step Four – Permitting and System Bids
- Step Five – Completion of the Project
- Installation and inspection of a septic system is the fifth step.
Step One – On-Site Evaluation: In Indiana, the majority of county health offices demand an assessment of the soil by a soil scientist. Soil scientists use a hand auger to carefully evaluate your soils to a depth of 5-6 feet, which allows them to get a better understanding of them. During this inspection, s/he will pay close attention to the soil texture and structure, as well as any signs of a seasonal high water table, inadequate filtration, or compacted till. This information is then utilized by your local health agency to calculate the bare minimum criteria for septic systems in accordance with local and state septic rules.
- If this is something that you are interested in, please consider joining them in your backyard.
- In Indiana, each county health department is responsible for providing rules for residential septic systems.
- Please keep in mind that certain counties may also perform their own soil borings!
- In this section, I’ve included some Indiana County Health Department contact information for your convenience.
- Septic system regulations that you will obtain from your county sanitarian will contain information such as the following.
- System Type, System Size, Trench Depth, Perimeter Drain Requirements, Septic Tank Size, Dosing Tank Size are all important considerations.
Phase Three: System Design: The third and last step in your septic system journey is the system design. My detailed septic system designs have aided hundreds of homeowners, excavators, and builders through the septic system installation process. The design of the septic system is the most significant aspect of the entire procedure! There are several advantages to having a design that is exact, thorough, and well thought out:
- Making wise design decisions might help you save money. Reduces the complexity of the permitting and bidding processes
- Excavators all submitted bids based on the same plan. Due to the fact that the system is designated on site, the excavator has an easier time installing it. The design identifies each and every component of the system. Because of this, an unethical excavation company will not try to “save money” by employing subpar materials. All elevations and bench marks for the system are provided, ensuring a flawless installation. During new construction, the contractor who pours the walls, the excavator, and the builder all work from the same blueprint. There is a reduction in the likelihood of costly blunders
- Effluent/sewage pumps that are properly sized guarantee that they operate within their design parameters, allowing them to operate for much longer periods of time. You, the homeowner, are the owner of the design and the building permission. Before a permit may be obtained, the Health Department demands a design, which must be approved by them.
For additional information, please see my services page or my commercial design page. Permitting and System Bids are the fourth and final step. The septic permit will be issued once the design and application have been accepted by the Health and Human Services Department. Counties have varying policies about when an application should be filed to the state. Applications are filed with soil boring reports from soil scientists, while others are submitted with a design, depending on the circumstances.
The permit has now been approved based on the design that was submitted; the next step is to obtain estimates for the system’s installation.
All that is required of you is to sit back and wait for friendly excavators to contact you with price information. Make certain that you and your excavator have a comprehensive contract agreement in place! The following are some of the questions that a contract should provide answers to:
- What is the duration of the contract
- When will the work begin
- And what is the cost of the contract. What date the project is expected to be completed
- The day on which payment is due
- Is it the homeowner’s responsibility to repair the sprinkler system if it is damaged? After the task is completed, who is in charge of the final grading and seeding? What impact may the weather have on the installation schedule? While the system is being built, would I be able to run water and flush the toilets? If the new system necessitates the installation of a pump, who is responsible for the accompanying electrical work?
Installation and inspection of a septic system is the fifth step. The day of installation has finally arrived, and we are overjoyed! The excavator has completed the installation of your system and is now awaiting approval from the health authorities before backfilling. Your yard has now become a lot greater disaster than you could have ever anticipated. It would look as though an entire battle was waged inside the limits of your own backyard. Make an effort to psychologically prepare for this.
Following that, your local county health department sanitarian will do a septic examination on your property.
- Soil borings were carried out in the vicinity of the system that had been installed. Whether or whether there are any wells within 50 feet of the system
Gravity sewer running between the house and the septic tank is comprised of the following components:
- In a 4′′ diameter pipe, the minimum fall is 4′′ in 25′ and the greatest slope is 36′′ in 24′ (in a 4′′ diameter pipe). Acceptable is the pipe’s schedule (specifications), or is it not? Are pipe joints properly prepared and cemented together?
Septic Tank (also known as a septic tank):
- Ensure that the septic tank is at least ten feet away from the home. Is the tank equipped with the required inlet and outlet baffles? Check to see if your tank is the right size. Is there a riser that connects the tank to the ground surface? Was the tank filled to the proper level? Whether or not the tank’s inlet and exit pipes are linked to it in a watertight manner
- The tank and riser look to be watertight, therefore check for a watertight seal between them
- The tank itself appears to be watertight.
Effluent Sewer System:
- Whether or whether the effluent sewer meets the required specifications. If so, does it have enough connections to the septic tank and distribution box? Are pipe joints properly prepared and cemented together?
Boxes for distribution:
- Is the D-box setting at a comfortable level? Is there a tee or elbow fitted at the entrance of the D-box to prevent the inlet flow from becoming obstructed? Does the D-box appear to be stable (when placed on solid ground)? Are there any unwelcome critters making themselves at home in there?
Trench Header Pipes: Trench header pipes are pipes that run along the top of a trench.
- The pipes meet all of the required specifications. Are the pipes level with the trench laterals or do they have a slope to them?
- Is the level of all trench bottoms consistent along their length? Is the stone the proper size (.5′′ – 2.5′′) and clean, and is it in good condition? Ensure that the perforated lateral pipe meets all applicable specifications. Is there 6 inches of stone under the pipe and 2 inches of stone above the pipe? Has geotextile cloth been placed over the stone to block the dirt from getting through
Dosing Tank (also known as the pump tank):
- Is the tank of the proper size and capacity? Was the tank filled to the proper level? Are you sure you have the proper pump installed (in accordance with the approved design)
- Whether or not the electrical connections are built in a gas-tight manner. Are the on/off floats properly configured? Is there an audible and visible alarm system in place? Is the connection between the intake and output watertight? Is there a riser to the ground surface that is large enough to allow the pump to be serviced? Is there a check valve and a weep hole in the system? Is the major driving force behind a suitable specification
- Whether or not there is a watertight seal between the tank and the riser
- Is there a second lid on the container? Is there a slope in the force main that allows the water to flow back to the dosing tank between doses?
Drainage along the perimeter:
- The drain must be at least 2 feet deep and have a minimum slope of 100 feet from the point of inlet to the point of exit. Is the drain system encircling the system or is it only on one side of the system? Was the drain trench properly backfilled with the appropriate material and at the appropriate depth? The pipe at the bottom of the trench should not rise and fall in the trench in an incorrect manner. Whether or not the tile has an outlet to another tile, and whether or not that tile is free flowing. If the tile has an outlet to a ditch, does it have an outlet that is higher than the average high water mark in the ditch? If the tile outlets to the roadside ditch were approved by the County Highway Department, it is possible that the tile outlets were installed without authority. The County Surveyor’s Office gave authorization to connect the tile outlets to a county-regulated drain or ditch if they were connected to a county-regulated drain or ditch.
Inspection of the Mound System:
- Is the soil wetter than the permissible level of moisture (plasitc limit) for plowing? Is the mound on a sloping plane? Is there a slope in the force main that allows the water to flow back to the dosing tank between doses? Is the plow layer up to the task? Furrows were turned up the slope. Has it been tested to meet the sand highway standard 23 (as required by code)
- Was the sand applied in such a way that it did not get compacted? Is the gravel cleaned and clean (diameters ranging from 0.5′′ to 2.5′′)
- Are the force main, laterals, and manifolds of a specification that is permitted
- Are you going to run the pump through a squirt test to make sure it’s the right size? A geotextile cloth was put on the top of the gravel bed to protect it. In your opinion, was the final cover enough (6′′ of clayey textured soil topped with 6′′ of loamy textured soil)
- Whether or not the mound maintains a maximum slope of 3:1. Was the mound planted and shielded from erosion in any way?
Once the system has been examined and authorized, a representative from the health department will give some form of permission ticket and then go for lunch. If there are any infractions, the county sanitarian will leave a letter explaining what has to be done to correct the situation. If the inspection is not authorized, the sanitarian from the health department will need to return for a follow-up inspection. Excavator will cover up system with approval letter (also known as a green tag) in hand and swiftly ask you for any money that is still owed to the company.
Services provided by Meade Septic Design Inc.
Do you have any queries about septic systems?
Apply for a New Well/Septic – District Health Department 10
Individuals who wish to install private wells or septic systems must obtain permission from the District Health Department10. DHD 10 will conduct an evaluation of the site, design the septic system, select the location for the well installation, and verify the completed work. Individuals are permitted to build their own septic systems in their homes. District Health Department10 must provide a license to all other businesses. The owner or contractor must call the local sanitarian at least twenty-four hours before covering or back filling a septic system in order to do a final inspection.
It is recommended that you pump your septic tank every 3 to 4 years by the District Health Department10.
Code de la Santé MI DEQ stands for the Michigan Department of Environmental Quality.
Septic systems that produce less than 1000 gallon per day (gpd) may be subject to inspection under the District Health Department10’s local sanitary code requirements. Using the Michigan Criteria for Subsurface Sewage Disposal, all commercial septic systems with a capacity larger than 1000 gpd but less than 10,000 gpd are subject to inspection.
The vast majority of commercial wells fall into one of two categories: Type II public water supplies or Type III public water supplies.
MI DEQ stands for the Michigan Department of Environmental Quality. Water Supply that is not part of a community
Fee Schedule for the Year 2022 Application of a Well and Septic System Sewage Removal and Disposal Contracting Company RegistrationApplicationContractor Affidavit FormCommercial Septic AddendumContracting Company RegistrationApplication
Septic Solutions – Installation
There are four primary types of septic systems to consider. The availability of all four types may not be available to every homeowner due to the fact that municipal rules may prohibit the installation of traditional systems in areas where soil absorbtion or drainfield space is restricted. Furthermore, each has its own set of benefits and drawbacks to consider. The majority of municipalities need an engineer to do a site review. The outcomes of this examination will decide the alternatives available to the homeowners.
Installation prices also differ depending on the system type, so there is a lot to consider when deciding which system is ideal for you.
Traditional septic systems may be divided into two categories: those that employ gravel in the drainfield and those that use some sort of chamber system. The earlier stylegravelled system, as the name implies, comprises a layer of gravel in the drainfield. In the course of the building, a drainfield ditch is dug that is 1 to 3 feet below ground level. Its length is decided by the amount of effluent that will be discharged into the system from the house or rural office, as well as the soil’s ability to absorb water during the winter months.
- In order to prevent backfill dirt from filtering between the rocks and decreasing the field’s ability to absorb water, more gravel is poured around and over the pipe.
- Despite the fact that some waste is treated in septic tanks by bacteria that live within the tank, the majority of waste treatment happens when wastewater discharged from the tank enters the drainfield and is filtered through the gravel and soil below.
- These organisms grow and produce a layer known as a biomat, which sits on top of the soil layer and protects it.
- The presence of these organisms helps to maintain the biomat from getting so thick that it prevents wastewater from reaching the soil below while the drainfield is in equilibrium.
- Because gravel is used to filter the effluent, it automatically reduces the ability of the effluent to reach soil, which is where the majority of the filtation takes place.
- Apart from that, even when competent contractors utilize solely cleaned gravel, a certain quantity of particles is certain to stay and eventually reach the soil level, further lowering the possibility of filtering.
- This can happen when the water table rises over the drain pipe, essentially cutting off the drainfield’s capacity to release water completely.
After that, there’s the chance of drainfield overflow, which can occur when there are more visitors in the house for extended periods of time or when taps or toilets are left running for extended periods of time.
Some of the disadvantages of gravelled systems are alleviated by gravelless conventional systems.
Typically, these chambers are made of molded high-density plastic and are available in lengths ranging from 10′ to 12′ feet.
Because we have discovered that the Infiltrator chamber system is the most successful when used in North Texas soils, Septic Solutions of Texas solely employs the Infiltrator chamber system.
When the system is put into service, waste water is transported via pipe from the septic tank to the chamber run, where it flows directly against the earth.
This is particularly effective in areas where the water table might rise near to the surface, as well as in situations where there is a brief rush in demand as a consequence of additional visitors.
Obviously, shock loading for extended periods of time will have a negative impact on the biomat since oxygen will not be accessible to parasites during these durations.
Low-Pressure Dose Systems
Low-pressure dosing systems (also known as low-pressure pipe systems) may be a viable option in situations when soil and topographical factors do not allow for the installation of a typical septic system, such as urban areas. Particularly relevant in situations where geography dictates that the drainfield be positioned up-hill from the septic tanks or where there is uneven terrain that would otherwise prevent the installation of a traditional system. Low-Pressure Dose Systems (LPDs) are designed to function in the following ways: A pumping chamber is placed in addition to the typical septic tank, which is a type of holding tank.
- The drainfield for an LPD application is made up of tiny perforated pipes laid in shallow, gravel-lined trenches that range in depth from 10″ to 18″ and in width from 12″ to 18″.
- After then, the field is allowed to drain.
- Shallow placement also encourages evapo-transpiration, which is the process by which evaporation and grass and other shallow-rooted vegetation serve to remove waste.
- Alarms will be activated if there is a significant increase in flow.
- Whenever a drainfield is not placed on a slope, the system will be constructed in such a manner that effluent does not exit the pumping chamber after the pump has been switched off.
- Furthermore, because of the employment of a low-pressure pump, the whole drainfield will be utilized in a consistent manner.
- However, there are several disadvantages to LPDs, including the possibility of root penetration and the blockage of drain holes by particles that leave the pumping chamber.
Finally, LPDs must be serviced on a regular basis. Electricity, a pump, and a smaller drainfield all raise the likelihood of system failure. As a result, most regulatory agencies now mandate septic system inspections by qualified septic specialists on a yearly or semi-annual basis.
The use of Evapotraspiration Systems (ETs) is often only practicable in arid and semi-arid environments. To put it simply, we are interested in climates where evaporation surpasses rainfall by at least 24 inches per year. The EP system is based on the natural evaporation of wastewater via a sand barrier, as well as the simultaneous transpiration of water through the leaves of plants and grasses grown above the drainfield, to remove pollutants. In contrast to the methods mentioned above, an ET system consists of a trench lined with an impervious barrier that drains to a collection basin below ground.
- Above the gravel is a layer of sand that is raised above the level of the surrounding ground.
- Naturally, this sort of system performs best during the spring, summer, and fall seasons, when heat and sunlight combine to deliver the most effective wastewater treatment.
- Applications in places with short soil depths and impermeable rock or hardpanlayers beneath the surface are recommended.
- Additionally, after the system has been in operation for an extended length of time, there is the possibility of salt accumulation near the surface.
- This is essentially the same system as an ET system, with the difference that the drainfield is not enclosed in this configuration.
- Generally speaking, wastewater must be able to flow through at least 2 to 4 feet of unsaturated soil before reaching the ground water table in order to be effective.
- In North Texas, most permitting authorities demand the construction of two fields, with the owner physically switching the wastewater flow between the fields once a month, as well as the building of two fields.
Aerobic Wastewater Treatment Systems
At this point, aerobic septic systems stand out as the only system that can be used in virtually all case where septic systems are needed. In essence, when you own an aerobic system, you are the owner of a miniature version of a municipal sewage treatment facility. As a result, your aerobic system closely resembles many of the stages and operations carried out by a municipal solid waste treatment facility. Aerobic systems and septic systems are similar in that they both treat wastewater via the use of natural processes.
The increase in oxygen promotes the natural bacterial consumption of waste inside the system as a result of the increase in oxygen.
Upon completion of this process, the resultant discharge water is clean and pure enough to be released directly over the absorption field using sprinklers.
The installation of aerobic systems is currently mandated by many regulatory authorities, including those in North Texas, for both new house construction and the replacement of failing conventional, LPD, and Evapotranspiration systems.
A low-cost maintenance contract will lessen the need for intervention and care on the part of the homeowner.
There is less solid waste entering the aerobic chamber as a result of this method.
Following that, the wastewater enters the aerobic chamber, where air is compressed and pumped into the wastewater in order to promote the development of good bacteria that eat the particles in the wastewater.
After that, the treated water is pumped into a pumping chamber, where it undergoes a last treatment with unstabilized chlorine before being discharged.
The pump will discharge the water into the absorption field when a float valve within the pump chamber detects the presence of water.
In most cases, aerobic systems are not significantly more expensive to build and operate than traditional septic systems.
Typically, they are less expensive to build than LPDs or Evapotranspiration systems since they do not require the use of sand and/or gravel to prepare a drainfield prior to installation.
This maintenance contract will provide you with the assurance that your plant will operate in accordance with specifications at all times.
If your maintenance contract expires before the end of this period, you will be required to either renew it or seek a new one from another waste water treatment specialist.
For further information, please see this link.
You will not be able to acquire a building permit till this study is completed. Septic Solutions of Texas retains ownership of the copyright and reserves all rights.