Septic Vs Sewer: What’s The Better Choice? – New Flow Plumbing
- All waste from your drain pipes flows to the septic tank. Septic tanks use the collected waste and the bacteria inside to break down their contents. Heavier waste composed of inorganic material and byproducts of bacterial digestions fall to the bottom of the tank.
How do you seal a septic outlet pipe?
The tar sealant can be used to fill the void between the concrete and pipe. Use a trowel to press the sealant into the void. If the rubber gasket is molded into the tank for the pipe, tighten it up.
What material surrounds the perforated pipes in a drain field for a septic system?
Leach Field Depending on soil type and local codes the distance to the surface may be as little as 6 inches. The perforated pipes are covered with about two inches of gravel and a layer of topsoil, typically 18 to 24 inches deep.
What kind of pipe do you use from house to septic tank?
Laying Out a Septic-Tank Disposal System. The septic tank should be positioned at least 50 feet from the house proper. ABS or PVC plastic or cast iron pipe can be used to connect the tank to the house drainage system.
What do you use to seal a septic tank?
For concrete tanks, a butyl rubber or asphalt-based (bituminous) mastic is placed in the seam before the pieces are joined. Sealant compounds should conform to ASTM Standard C-990 and AASHTO M198-75B standards that specify relative amounts of butyl rubber and fillers used in production.
How do you seal PVC pipe?
To keep these unwelcome visitors out of your home, seal around all pipes with QUIKRETE® Hydraulic Water-Stop Cement or QUIKRETE® Quick-Setting Cement. They are specially formulated so they can be sculpted to fit securely around pipes for and effective, watertight seal.
What kind of pipe do you use for leach field?
Leach pipes are usually made of perforated PVC pipe. To encourage the final product to trickle into the soil, the pipes are bedded in gravel and sand or sometimes are covered with plastic septic chambers.
How deep is a septic leach field?
A typical septic drain field (see Figure 1), also known as a leach field, is a series of perforated pipes that are set in trenches and buried with aggregates (½- to 2½-inch gravel or ½- to 4-inch rubber chips) and soil. These drain lines are at a minimum depth of 6 inches and are typically 18 to 36 inches wide.
What is the difference between a septic tank and a leach field?
The septic tank stores solid waste products that are not reduced to liquid effluent until you have them pumped out and disposed of properly. The leech field is a series of perforated pipes that provide an effective means for disposing of contaminates without endangering animals or contaminating the ground water.
What size pipe comes out of a septic tank?
Four-inch pipe is standard, and it should extend far enough under the house to connect with the main soil stack, which is a 3-inch pipe that extends vertically past the main bathroom and through the roof.
How is plumbing from house connected to septic tank?
The septic tank is connected to the house by a single main drainage pipe also called inlet pipe. The water waste from your home goes through it and into the septic tank where solid and liquid waste are separated from liquid.
What size pipe is used for septic?
A three-inch pipe is what’s used in homes to pipe toilets. The four-inch pipe is used as the building drain under floors or in crawlspaces to transport all the wastewater from a home out to the septic tank or sewer. The four-inch pipe may also be used in a home if it’s capturing two or more bathrooms.
What is the fall on a 4 inch sewer pipe?
For 4-inch PVC piping and a building sewer less than 50 feet long, the minimum slope is 1 inch in 8 feet, or 1/8-inch per foot, and the maximum is 1/4-inch per foot. For sewers longer than 50 feet, the slope should be 1/4-inch per foot.
How long are septic lateral lines?
A typical drainfield trench is 18 to 30 inches in depth, with a maximum soil cover over the disposal field of 36 inches.
How do you tell if your septic tank is full?
How to tell your septic tank is full and needs emptying
- Pooling water.
- Slow drains.
- An overly healthy lawn.
- Sewer backup.
- Gurgling Pipes.
- Trouble Flushing.
How Your Septic System Works
Underground wastewater treatment facilities, known as septic systems, are often employed in rural regions where there are no centralized sewage lines. They clean wastewater from residential plumbing, such as that produced by bathrooms, kitchen drains, and laundry, by combining natural processes with well-established technology. A conventional septic system is comprised of two components: a septic tank and a drainfield, often known as a soil absorption field. It is the septic tank’s job to decompose organic matter and to remove floatable stuff (such as oils and grease) and solids from wastewater.
Alternate treatment systems rely on pumps or gravity to assist septic tank effluent in trickling through a variety of media such as sand, organic matter (e.g., peat and sawdust), constructed wetlands, or other media to remove or neutralize pollutants such as pathogens that cause disease, nitrogen, phosphorus, and other contaminants.
Specifically, this is how a typical conventional septic system works:
- All of the water that leaves your home drains down a single main drainage pipe and into a septic tank. An underground, water-tight container, often composed of concrete, fiberglass, or polyethylene, serves as a septic system’s holding tank. Its function is to retain wastewater for a long enough period of time to allow particles to sink to the bottom and form sludge, while oil and grease float to the surface and produce scum. Sludge and scum are prevented from exiting the tank and moving into the drainfield region by compartments and a T-shaped outlet. After that, the liquid wastewater (effluent) exits the tank and flows into the drainfield. The drainfield is a shallow, covered hole dug in unsaturated soil that serves as a drainage system. Porous surfaces are used to release pretreated wastewater because they allow the wastewater to pass through the soil and into the groundwater. In the process of percolating through the soil, wastewater is accepted, treated, and dispersed by the soil, finally discharging into groundwater. Finally, if the drainfield becomes overburdened with too much liquid, it can flood, causing sewage to flow to the ground surface or resulting in toilet backups and sink backups. Finally, wastewater percolates into the soil, where it is naturally removed of harmful coliform bacteria, viruses, and nutrients. Coliform bacteria are a kind of bacteria that may be found in the intestines of humans and other warm-blooded animals, with humans being the most common host. As a result of human fecal contamination, it is a sign of this.
The Guadalupe-Blanco River Authority has built an animated, interactive model of how a residential septic system works, which you can view here.
Do you have a septic system?
It’s possible that you’re already aware that you have a septic system. If you are not sure, here are some tell-tale symptoms that you most likely are:
- You make use of well water. In your home, the water pipe that brings water into the house does not have a meter. In the case of a water bill or a property tax bill, you will see “$0.00 Sewer Amount Charged.” It is possible that your neighbors have a septic system
How to find your septic system
You can locate your septic system once you have confirmed that you have one by following these steps:
- Taking a look at the “as constructed” drawing of your house
- Making a visual inspection of your yard for lids and manhole covers
- Getting in touch with a septic system service provider for assistance in locating it
Failure symptoms: Mind the signs!
A bad odor is not necessarily the first indicator of a septic system that is failing to work properly. Any of the following signs should prompt you to seek expert assistance:
- Water backing up into the drains of homes and businesses
- It is especially noticeable in dry weather that the drainfield grass is bright green and spongy. The presence of standing water or muddy soil near your septic system or in your basement
- A strong stench emanating from the area surrounding the septic tank and drainfield
Proper Backfill for Septic Tanks
Receive articles, stories, and videos about septic tanks delivered directly to your email! Now is the time to sign up. Septic Tanks and More Receive Notifications After a septic tank has been installed, it must be backfilled in the proper manner. Backfilling all tanks with successively tamped “lifts” or depth increments of consistent gradation should be the standard procedure. The installer should ensure that the backfill material is devoid of clods, big boulders, frozen stuff, and debris, all of which can cause voids in the backfill material, which may enable the foundation to settle over time.
- Each layer should be homogeneous in thickness, no more than 24 inches thick, and of roughly identical heights around the perimeter of the tank, with the exception of the top layer.
- If the material being used is compactable, it should be compacted in order to prevent the earth surrounding the tank from sinking.
- Backfill the tank with granular material until it reaches at least the midseam of the tank to ensure that settling is kept to a minimum.
- Fill around a septic tank that has been compacted All pipe penetrations through all tanks must remain waterproof after the tanks have been refilled with water.
- In order to provide a stable foundation for the pipe, the backfilled earth should be tapped.
- Pipe joints should be laid atop native soil rather than in the excavation to avoid the risk of their settling in the future.
- It is possible to sleeve pipes that may run over the top of the tank or through excavated portions (such as electrical conduit and/or return lines) to give additional support.
It is possible that the manufacturer of a nonconcrete tank will recommend or require that the tank be simultaneously filled with water to just above the backfill level in order to avoid uneven or excessive pressure on the tank walls during the installation process and to reduce the risk of the tank shifting position during installation.
It may be required to use a tamping tool to ensure that backfill makes adequate contact with and between tank ribs, but care must be given to prevent harming the tank during the process.
She has a master’s degree in civil engineering and a doctorate in environmental engineering.
Her responsibilities include serving as the education chair for the Minnesota Onsite Wastewater Association and the National Onsite Wastewater Recycling Association, as well as serving on the National Science Foundation’s International Committee on Wastewater Treatment Systems.
Send an email to [email protected] if you have any concerns concerning septic system care and operation. Heger will respond as soon as possible.
What Are Leach Lines and When Should They Be Replaced?
If your house is equipped with an aseptic system, it will have leach lines or an aleach field. It is necessary to have leach lines as part of any onsite wastewater system since they are the final stage in a process that begins at your sink or toilet and finishes with the wastewater being disposed of in the ground. When the leach lines stop working, the entire system fails as a result. Knowing how to recognize failing or failed leach lines may assist you in catching the problem early and limiting the amount of money spent on replacement.
How a Septic System Works
In order to separate them from municipal or public waste systems, septic systems are also referred to as onsite wastewater management systems. The usage of the phrase “onsite” is important because a home’s septic system and a municipal system perform substantially the same functions. Both systems are designed to treat liquid waste or sewage (also known as effluent) and render it harmless by eliminating the pathogens that are present in it.
- It is through the sewer line that the greywater (water collected from sinks and showers, but not baths) as well as toilet liquid and solid waste leave the residence. It is the sewage line that transports the waste down to the septic tank. The trash begins its journey through the septic tank in the first compartment. Heavy waste items sink to the bottom of the tank, while lighter waste materials such as oils and greases float to the surface, forming a layer of scum. Effluent is sent to the rear compartment by baffles and screens. In order to sink into the earth, wastewater must first pass through an effluent filter and then via leach lines.
Millions of bacteria live in septic tanks and drains. The bacteria are responsible for the breakdown of waste in the systems. As a result, a septic system that is excessively clean will be unable to perform correctly. Even two liters of bleach are sufficient to prevent or significantly inhibit the bacteria’s ability to digest waste.
What Are Leach Lines?
Leach lines are referred to by a variety of names, including leach field, leach bed, filter bed, and percolation bed. After passing through the septic tank, leach lines are used to distribute septic effluent into the surrounding soil. Leach pipes are laid out across an open area, generally a backyard, in order to disperse the effluent across the greatest feasible area as quickly as possible. Following its exit from the septic tank, the effluent travels into the leach pipes, trickles out of pores in the pipes, then percolates downhill via gravel and sand, and finally into the surrounding soil.
In order to encourage the final product to seep into the soil, the pipes are either bedded in gravel and sand or covered with plastic septic chambers, depending on the situation.
Signs of Failing or Failed Leach Lines
Sometimes it might be tough to figure out which element of a septic system has failed when one is experiencing problems. Any of the following symptoms can assist you in determining whether or not leach line failure is the source of the problem:
- Plant growth that is more vigorous or grass that is greener than in other parts of the yard
- Throughout the home, the drains are slower to operate
- Water in the house regularly backs up. If your yard is squishy or has standing water, call for help. sewage scents emanating from either inside or outside the home
- Sounds of gurgling
Why Leach Lines Fail
In comparison to other regions in the yard, the plant growth or grass is greener. Throughout the home, the drains are slower to operate; water in the house regularly backs up; A squishy yard with puddles of standing water; Either inside or outside of the house, there are sewage scents. Sounds of gurgling.
How to Replace Leach Lines
It is recommended that you hire a professional to handle the replacement of leach lines, as is the case with the majority of septic tank tasks and concerns.
- The present leach field must be completely demolished in order to prevent contamination. A large amount of heavy equipment is required for this phase since leach fields are widely distributed. A distribution box is put near the septic tank for the purpose of distributing waste. The wastewater from the septic tank is delivered to the distribution box by a single big pipe. The leach field is formed by lateral pipes that radiate outward in trenches from the distribution box. There are between four and nine lateral pipes in total. Because this is a gravity-based system, the lateral pipes must be installed on a downward slope to be effective. Plastic septic chambers are installed over the leach line pipes to collect the wastewater. The trenches are filled with at least 6 inches of earth, or to the depth specified in your location, depending on the conditions. For the time being, only some parts, such as the ends of the pipes and the distribution box, are visible. The local permitting agency conducts an inspection of the septic system. Following a successful inspection, the remaining trenches are filled up
- Otherwise, they are left unfilled.
How a Septic System Works – and Common Problems
There must be complete removal of all of the components of the current leach field. Heavy equipment is required for this stage due to the broad nature of leach fields. Located near the septic tank, a distribution box is set up. The wastewater from the septic tank is sent to the distribution box by a single big pipe; From the distribution box, lateral pipes spread outward in trenches to form the leach field, with between four and nine lateral pipes per box. This is a gravity-based system, which means that the lateral pipes must be installed on a downward slope.
The trenches are filled with at least 6 inches of earth, or to the depth specified in your region, depending on the situation.
It is necessary to fill in all of the trenches if the septic system passes inspection;
The wastewater is collected in the septic tank once it has been discharged from the residence. Septic tanks are normally between 1,000 and 2,000 gallons in capacity and are composed of concrete, strong plastic, or metal, depending on the model. Highly durable concrete tanks, which should endure for 40 years or more provided they are not damaged, are the most common. Many contemporary tanks are designed with two chambers in order to maximize efficiency. Household wastewater is collected in the septic tank, where it is separated and begins to degrade before being discharged into the leach field.
- In the tank, oil and grease float to the top of the tank, where they are known as scum, while solid waste falls to the bottom, where they are known as sludge.
- Bacteria and other microorganisms feed on the sediments at the bottom of the tank, causing them to decompose in an anaerobic (without oxygen) process that begins at the bottom of the tank.
- Solids and grease must be pushed out of the system on a regular basis in order for it to continue to function effectively.
- Each gallon added to the tank results in one gallon being discharged to the leach field, leach pit, or other similar treatment facility.
When used properly, a leach field (also known as a “drain field”) is a series of perforated pipes that are typically buried in gravel trenches 18 to 36 inches below grade — deep enough to avoid freezing, but close enough to the surface that air can reach the bacteria that further purify the effluent (see illustration below). As little as 6 inches might separate you from the ground surface, depending on your soil type and municipal regulations. It is customary to cover the perforated pipes with approximately two inches of gravel and a layer of topsoil that is 18 to 24 inches in depth.
- Grass is often sown above the ground.
- The leach field is comprised of rows of perforated pipes in gravel trenches that are used to spread wastewater over a vast area in order to further purify it.
- A bacteria-rich slime mat forms where the gravel meets the soil, and it is responsible for the majority of the water purification work.
- Despite the fact that wastewater freezes at a far lower temperature than pure water, freezing is still a hazard in cold areas.
- The leftover pathogens are converted into essential plant nutrients by these organisms, while sand, gravel, and soil filter out any solids that remain.
- If the system is operating effectively, the filtered wastewater will return to the aquifer as naturally clean water that is suitable for human consumption at this stage.
- Alternative systems may be permitted in situations when traditional leach fields are unable to function properly owing to poor soil conditions or a high water table.
These systems sometimes cost twice or three times as much as a regular system and require significantly more upkeep. Special systems may also be necessary in regions where there are flood plains, bodies of water, or other ecologically sensitive areas to protect against flooding.
SIZING THE LEACH FIELD
Using perforated pipes put in gravel-filled trenches, the drain field is sized to accommodate the number of beds in the house. In order for the system to function successfully, the leach field must be appropriately sized for the soil type and amount of wastewater, which is normally determined by the number of bedrooms in the house. In order for the liquid to seep into the soil, it must be permeable enough to do so. As a result, the denser the soil, the larger the leach field that is necessary.
- Better to have surplus capacity in your system than to have it cut too close to the bone.
- Septic tank backup into your house, pooling on the surface of the earth, or polluting local groundwater are all possibilities if the ground is incapable of absorbing the liquid.
- Dense clay soils will not absorb the liquid at a sufficient rate, resulting in a backlog.
- If the soil is mostly composed of coarse sand and gravel, it might drain at such a rapid rate that untreated sewage can poison the aquifer or damage surrounding bodies of water.
- Alternative systems may be permitted in situations when traditional leach fields are unable to function properly owing to poor soil conditions or a high water table.
- Near flood plains, bodies of water, and other ecologically sensitive places, special systems may also be necessary to protect people and property.
SEPTIC SYSTEM CAREMAINTENANCE REQUIRED
If you take good care of your system, you will be rewarded with years of trouble-free operation. Pumping the septic tank on a regular basis is necessary to remove the particles (sludge) and grease layer (scum) that have built up in the tank. The solids will ultimately overflow and spill into the leach field, decreasing its efficacy and diminishing its lifespan if this is not done. The rehabilitation of a clogged leach field is difficult, if not impossible; thus, constant pumping is essential!
Cooking fats, grease, and particles may also wash into the leach field if the tank is too small for the amount of water being used or if the tank is overcrowded on a regular basis.
Extra water from excessive residential consumption or yard drainage can overwhelm the system, transporting oil and particles into the leach field and causing it to overflow.
In addition, don’t try to complete a week’s worth of laundry for a family of five in a single day. This will assist you in keeping the load controlled and will also help to extend the life of your system. To minimize overburdening the system, the following measures should be taken:
- Distribute your washing loads and other high-water-use activities across the week
- And In the kitchen and bathroom, use low-flow appliances, faucets, and fixtures. Toilets, in general, are the source of the greatest amount of water use. Water should be diverted away from the leach field from the yard, gutters, and basement sump pumps.
In addition, refrain from flushing sediments, strong chemicals, and just about anything else down the toilet or sink other than biological waste and white toilet paper. Avoid using garbage disposals in the kitchen. If you really must have one, keep it for small non-meat bits only. Avoid flushing chemicals or paints down the toilet since many chemicals can destroy beneficial microorganisms or cause water contamination in the surrounding area. Avoid flushing the following down the toilet:
- Grease, fats, and animal scraps
- Paints, thinners, chemicals, and pharmaceuticals
- And a variety of other materials sanitary napkins, tampons, and other supplies Paper towels and disposable diapers are examples of such products. Egg shells, coffee grounds, and nut shells are all good options. Antibacterial soaps and antibiotics are available.
It is preferable to put grass over the leach field and to refrain from driving or parking in the vicinity. Excessive weight placed on top of the drain field might compress the earth, diminishing its efficiency as a drain field. Drain pipes can also become clogged by trees and plants with invasive roots. In order to prevent damage to the leach field, the following measures should be taken:
- Heavy machinery should not be driven, parked, or stored on top of the leach field (or septic tank). Placement of a deck, patio, pool, or any other sort of construction over the leach field is prohibited. Remove any large trees or other plants with deep roots from the leach field. Grass is the most effective groundcover.
Keep heavy machinery off the leach field (or septic tank) and away from it; don’t park or keep it there either. There should be no deck, patio, pool, or other building built over the leach field. Keep trees and vegetation with strong roots away from the leach field to avoid damaging them. Greenery is the best groundcover; grass is the best groundcover
SEPTIC SYSTEM PERFORMANCE PROBLEMS
Heavy machinery should not be driven, parked, or stored across the leach field (or septic tank). Avoid building a deck, patio, pool, or any other form of structure on top of the leach field. Keep trees and vegetation with deep roots away from the leach field. Grass is the most effective groundcover;
How Does a Septic Tank Work?
Mr. Fix-It-Up-For-The-Family You may save a lot of money if you understand how a sewage treatment system works—and what can go wrong—so that you can handle your own septic system maintenance.
How does a septic tank work?
Pumping the tank on a regular basis eliminates sludge and scum, which helps to keep a septic system in good working order. It is possible for a well-designed and well built septic system to last for decades, or it might collapse in a matter of years. It is entirely up to you as long as you can answer the question of how do septic tanks function. Healthy septic systems are very inexpensive to maintain, but digging up and replacing a septic system that has completely collapsed may easily cost tens of thousands in labor and material costs.
It’s critical to understand how a septic tank works in order to maintain one.
Let’s take a look below ground and observe what happens in a properly operating septic system, shall we?
Understand that a septic system is a cafeteria for bacteria
Bacteria are responsible for the proper operation of a septic system. They decompose garbage, resulting in water that is clean enough to safely trickle down into the earth’s surface. The entire system is set up to keep bacteria healthy and busy at all times. Some of them reside in the tank, but the majority of them are found in the drain field. 1. The septic tank is the final destination for all waste. 2. The majority of the tank is filled with watery waste, referred to as “effluent.” Anaerobic bacteria begin to break down the organic matter in the effluent as soon as it enters the system.
- A layer of sludge settles to the bottom of the container.
- Scum is mostly constituted of fats, greases, and oils, among other substances.
- Grease and oils float to the surface of the water.
- (5) A filter stops the majority of particles from reaching the exit pipe.
- The effluent is discharged into the drain field.
- Effluent is allowed to leak into the surrounding gravel because of holes in the drain septic field pipe.
When gravel is used to surround pipes, water can run into the soil and oxygen can reach germs. The garbage is completely decomposed by aerobic bacteria found in gravel and dirt. 9. Potable water seeps into the groundwater and aquifer system from the surface.
Septic Tank Clean Out: Don’t abuse the system
Septic systems that have been correctly planned and constructed require just occasional ‘pumping’ to remove the sludge and scum that has built up inside the tank. However, if you don’t understand how a septic tank works, you may unintentionally hurt or even destroy the system.
- Septic systems that have been correctly planned and constructed require just occasional ‘pumping’ to eliminate the sludge and scum that has built up within the tank. It is possible, however, to do harm to or even destroy a septic tank if you are not familiar with how the system functions.
Get your tank pumped…
Your tank must be emptied on a regular basis by a professional. Pumping eliminates the accumulation of sludge and scum that has accumulated in the tank, which has caused the bacterial action to be slowed. If you have a large tank, it may be necessary to pump it once a year; but, depending on the size of your tank and the quantity of waste you send through the system, you may go two or three years between pumpings. Inquire with your inspector about an approximate guideline for how frequently your tank should be pumped.
…but don’t hire a pumper until you need it
It is essential that you have a professional pump out your tank at least once a month. In addition to removing sludge and scum, pumping helps to keep the tank’s bacterial activity running at its optimal level. Depending on the size of your tank and the quantity of waste you send through the system, you may need to pump your tank once a year, but it is possible to go two or three years without pumpings. For an approximate advice on how often to have your tank pumped, consult your inspector.
Install an effluent filter in your septic system
Garbage from your home accumulates into three distinct strata. The septic filter is responsible for preventing blockage of the drain field pipes.
Septic tank filter close-up
The septic tank filter is responsible for capturing suspended particles that may otherwise block the drain field pipes. Obtain an effluent filter for your tank from your contractor and place it on the outflow pipe of your tank. (It will most likely cost between $50 and $100, plus labor.) This device, which helps to prevent sediments from entering the drain field, will need to be cleaned out on a regular basis by a contractor to maintain its effectiveness.
Solution for a clogged septic system
If your septic system becomes clogged and you find yourself having to clean the filter on a regular basis, you might be tempted to simply remove the filter altogether. Hold on to it. Solids, wastewater, and scum are separated into three levels in septic tanks, which allows them to function properly (see illustration above). Solids sink to the bottom of the container, where microbes breakdown them. The scum, which is made up of trash that is lighter than water, rises to the surface. In the drainage field, the middle layer of effluent leaves the tank and goes through an underground network of perforated pipes to the drainage field.
- Keep the effluent filter in place since it is required by your state’s health law.
- Waste particles might flow through the filter and clog the perforated pipes if the filter is not used.
- Your filter, on the other hand, should not require cleaning every six months.
- A good chance is high that you’re flushing filter-clogging things down the toilet, such as grease, fat, or food scraps.
- A garbage disposal will not be able to break down food particles sufficiently to allow them to flow through the septic tank filtration system.
- Plastic items, disposable diapers, paper towels, nonbiodegradable goods, and tobacco products will clog the system if they are flushed through it.
For additional information on what should and should not be flushed down the toilet, contact your local health authority. More information on removing lint from your laundry may be found here.
Get an inspection
The temptation to just remove the filter may arise if your septic system becomes blocked and you have to clean it on a regular basis. It should be preserved. Solids, effluent, and scum are separated into three levels in a septic tank, which allows waste to be separated into three layers (see illustration above). Microorganisms breakdown the particles that settle to the bottom of the tank. It is the scum that floats on top because it is made up of trash that is lighter than water. In the drainage field, the intermediate layer of effluent leaves the tank and is carried away by subterranean perforated pipes.
- Keep the effluent filter in place since your state’s health law mandates it.
- In addition, removing the filter may result in a far bigger (and more expensive) problem down the road.
- Cleaning and unclogging the system would need substantial digging.
- The majority of filters don’t need to be cleaned until the tank is pumped, which occurs every two to five years on average, and then only when necessary.
- Food disposal is an error that many people make.
- Solids can accumulate in a septic tank to levels as high as 50% more than normal.
- More information on what should not be flushed down the toilet can be obtained by contacting your local health authority.
Alternatives to a new drain field
If an examination or a sewage backup indicate that your drain field is in need of replacement, the only option is to replace it completely. As a result, it’s important to talk with a contractor about other possibilities before proceeding with the project.
- Pipes should be cleaned. A rotating pressure washer, used by a contractor, may be used to clean out the drain septic field pipes. The cost of “jetting” the pipes is generally around $200. Chemicals should be used to clean the system. A commercial solution (not a home-made one) that enhances the quantity of oxygen in the drain field should be discussed with your contractor before installing your new system. Septic-Scrub is a product that I suggest. A normal treatment will cost between $500 and $1,000. Make the soil more pliable. The practice of “terra-lifting,” which involves pumping high-pressure air into several spots surrounding the drain field, is authorized in some regions. Some contractors use it to shatter compacted dirt around the pipes. Depending on the circumstances, this might cost less than $1,000 or as much as $4,000 or more.
Protect your drain septic field from lint
When this device is in place, it inhibits lint from entering the system, especially synthetic fibers that bacteria are unable to digest. One of these filters, which I’ve designed and termed theSeptic Protector, was invented by me. An additional filter is included in the price of around $150 plus delivery. Learn more about how to filter out laundry lint in this article.
Don’t overload the septic system
Reduce the amount of water you use. The volume of water that flows into your tank, particularly over a short period of time, can be reduced to avoid untreated waste from being flushed into your drain field.
Replace outdated toilets with low-flow ones, install low-flow showerheads, and, perhaps most importantly, wash laundry throughout the week rather than just on Saturday mornings to save water.
Meet the Expert
Septic systems, according to Jim vonMeier, are the solution to America’s water deficit because they supply cleaned water to depleted aquifers, according to vonMeier. He travels the country lobbying for septic systems, giving lectures, and giving testimony. For septic system inquiries, as well as information on the operation of the septic tank, contact him by email.
3 THINGS TO KNOW ABOUT SEPTIC TANK BAFFLES
By Admin on November 12, 2020 Your efforts to live as environmentally conscious as possible, as a responsible homeowner, are likely already underway, with practices such as recycling, composting, and purchasing energy-efficient equipment among your list of accomplishments. As a septic tank owner, you want to be sure that anything you put into your tank and septic field is causing the least amount of ground contamination as is reasonably practicable. Fortunately, there are a number of modest improvements you can do immediately to make your septic system even more ecologically friendly than it already is.
- Have your septic tank inspected and pumped on a regular basis.
- A bigger septic tank with only a couple of people living in your house, for example, will not require pumping as frequently as a smaller septic tank or as a septic tank that must manage the waste products of multiple family members will require.
- When in doubt about how often to pump your septic tank, consult with a professional for advice.
- In addition to locating and repairing any damage, a professional can ensure that the septic field is in good working order and that your septic tank is functional, large enough to handle your family’s waste, and not causing any unwanted pollution in nearby ground water.
- Avoid flushing non-biodegradable items down the toilet or down the toilet.
- Items that are not biodegradable are unable to properly decompose in the septic tank and might cause the system to get clogged.
- In addition to causing issues in your house, septic system backups can damage ground water in the area surrounding your septic field.
Towels made of paper Products for feminine hygiene Grease or fats are used in cooking.
grinds from a cup of coffee Even if you have a trash disposal, the food scraps that you flush down the drain and bring into your septic system may cause unanticipated harm to your plumbing system.
Food scraps can enhance the amounts of nitrogen and phosphorus in the wastewater, which can disturb the natural bacterial balance of the septic tank, among other things.
Water conservation should be practiced.
Exceedingly large amounts of water use will interfere with the normal flow of wastewater from your home into your septic tank.
Limiting the amount of time you spend in the shower and turning off the faucet while brushing your teeth, as well as purchasing a smaller dishwasher and washing machine that use less water, are all simple strategies to reduce water use in your home.
The following are some basic steps you can take to make your septic system more ecologically friendly: save water, maintain your septic system and tank, and recycle wastewater. To get answers to any of your septic tank-related issues, get in touch with the experts at Upstate Septic Tank, LLC.
How To Fix A Leaking Septic Tank
Even though septic systems perform a very vital function, we rarely give them a moment’s thought. When they leak, on the other hand, the only thing we can worry about is the leak. Our water use is becoming increasingly restricted within our homes, and our septic tank is leaking into the yard, harming the environment and the health of the surrounding community. Naturally, if and when this plumbing emergency occurs, we want to be prepared to handle the problem in a calm, efficient, and well-informed manner.
How Does a Septic System Work?
Even though septic systems perform a very vital function, we don’t give them the attention they need. When they leak, on the other hand, the only thing we can worry about is that leak. The usage of water in our houses is becoming increasingly limited, and our septic tank is leaking into the yard, jeopardizing the environment and the health of the surrounding neighborhood. Naturally, if and when this plumbing emergency occurs, we want to be ready to deal with it in a calm, efficient, and well-informed manner.
- This line transports wastewater from the house to the septic tank
- It is also known as the inlet pipe. Septic tank: This container is used for the biological degradation of organic solid waste. The absorption component is commonly represented by a gravity drain field.
As a result of flushing your toilet, wastewater is channeled via an input pipe and into an underground septic tank. A proportional quantity of effluent is displaced in the tank when wastewater is introduced and exits to the drain field when wastewater is removed. Finally, the effluent is absorbed by the earth. In the septic tank, there are numerous anaerobic bacteria that feed on the solid organic material present in the effluent. The quantity of bacteria in the tank is dependent on the amount of organic material in the tank; thus, when the amount of organic material in the tank is low, the number of bacteria falls, and when the amount of water used is large, the quantity of bacteria grows.
- If this function is not there, the tank might quickly get depleted while the house is vacant, such as when a family is on vacation and no water is being utilized.
- In the wastewater industry, this period is referred to as “holding time,” and it may be described as the amount of time that passes between the time that wastewater enters the tank and the time that it flows out.
- Bacteria in the wastewater break down solid organic material contained in the wastewater during this time period, lowering the strength of the substance by around 40%.
- This, in turn, defines the length of the holding period and the amount of processing that takes place in the tank.
The anaerobic bacteria in the drain field continue to cleanse the effluent, eliminating the majority of the organic material that remains before the effluent is absorbed into the groundwater.
Signs of Septic Tank Problems
Sewer backups and other sorts of damage to septic tanks can occur, and these problems are frequently accompanied by warning indications such as strange odors, unusually lush flora, and overflowing toilet bowls. Both new and old systems can experience problems, and a system failure can occur suddenly if a new family moves into the house, as their cooking, laundry, and showering habits are often different from those of the previous residents. A new family’s cooking, laundry, and showering habits are often different from those of the previous residents.
1. Foul Odor
If you detect the stench of sewage gases, it is possible that one of the system’s lids has been broken or has been moved. This might be the lid that covers the filter access port or the riser that connects to the septic tank. Alternatively, these sewage gases might be escaping from the tank body itself, implying that the tank body may have fractures or holes in its outside. You may be aware of it for only a few minutes or for an extended amount of time. Make an effort to determine where the scents are the most potent in your environment.
Always remember that this odor might be originating from the drain field and that it does not necessarily indicate that your tank has been damaged.
2. Lush Vegetation
Lush vegetation can also be a warning indication that a septic tank is failing to function properly. Alternatively, it might indicate that the system is overflowing, or that a neighboring pipe has been broken or become loose in some way. If your drain field or filters become blocked, this may result in a damp area forming in the area surrounding the drain field or the tank, which will in turn encourage the growth of further plants.
3. Soggy Yard
You should be aware of wet ground surrounding your tank, which might indicate that septic tank water is seeping out of the ground. To begin with, make sure to rule out your sprinkler system, as this can also cause portions of your yard to get damp.
4. StandingWater Around Septic Tank
When soil is subjected to moist circumstances for an extended length of time, it is likely to compact. If you have a leak in your tank, the water that leaks might cause the soil in the surrounding area to settle and decrease as a result. In particular, if the area surrounding your septic tank contains loose backfill that was poured there after the septic tank was installed in the hole, this is a possibility. When earth settles and lowers down, it creates a collection point for water from rainfall and sprinklers to gather.
In addition, the sewage line that leads to the septic tank might be causing issues. Typically, these sewer lines are constructed in trenches, and when a line breaks, the trenches may become open, enabling the wastewater to flow towards the holding tank.
5. Toilets or Sinks Are Backing up or Slow to Drain
If these incidents occur frequently, they may serve as a signal that the tank has been damaged. The roots of trees can sometimes obstruct and cause harm to the region where wastewater comes out of the tank. In other cases, this is caused by a collapsed baffle, which can also result in clogs and the failure of the drain field. Tanks and sewer systems may potentially become backed up as a result of this. It is also possible that the tank will back up due to an excess of scum and debris in the tank.
If the scum and sludge together account for more than a third of the tank’s total capacity, the tank may fail and will most likely need to be emptied out of the system.
6. Alarm Sounds
If you have a more recent septic system, it is likely that it has a built-in alarm that will notify you if there is a problem. These alarms make a beeping sound or flash a red light when activated, and they may be installed either inside or outside of your home as needed.
Why Is My Septic Tank Leaking?
Septic tanks that overflow can be caused by a variety of circumstances, including a failure to properly maintain the system, contamination of wastewater with cleaning chemicals, environmental variables, and design defects.
1. Insufficient Maintenance
As wastewater passes through the tank, nonbiodegradable elements, as well as some solid debris, drop to the bottom of the tank almost instantly, according to the manufacturer. The level of muck increases with time. It is advised that septic tanks be drained every three to five years in order to avoid an overflow situation. Of course, the frequency with which the tank is pumped is determined by the size of the tank as well as the amount of wastewater it holds. If there are four persons in a home with a 1,000-gallon storage tank, the tank should be pumped every two and a half years.
2. Cleaning Products Are Killing the Useful Bacteria
Septic tank bacteria, as previously indicated in this article, aid in the breakdown of wastewater before it is discharged into a drainage field or pond. If the numbers of bacteria in the tank are insufficient, the solids will not be broken down and will begin to collect at a faster pace than usual, resulting in a clogged tank. This may result in the tank overflowing or the blockage of drainage lines or trenches in the surrounding area. Bacterial levels in wastewater can be reduced as a result of the presence of cleaning chemicals in the wastewater.
To ensure that cleaning agents such as bleach, toilet cleansers, and disinfectants do not enter the waste pipe system, it is essential that they are kept out of the system entirely.
3. Damaged Pipes Between Tank and Drainage Field
Upon leaving the septic tank, effluent that has been broken down is sent via a series of pipelines and into a drainage field. If the pipes in this region are broken, it is possible that an overflow will occur as well. Tree roots have been known to grow through pipes, causing the walls of the pipes to collapse and preventing appropriate drainage from occurring. Overflow can also occur as a result of blocked drains.
4. Poorly Designed System
Overflow might occur from a system that has been constructed incorrectly on occasion. Drainage pipes normally require a slope of 1 to 2 percent in order for the wastewater to drain adequately through them. Water will not flow as efficiently through pipes with a shallow slope, and the pipe will need to be rebuilt if it is too shallow.
Solutions for a Leaking Septic Tank
In the event that you discover a leak, how do you deal with the situation effectively? Here are some of our best recommendations:
1. Do Not Pump Water Out
Start with something you certainly should not do: pumping water from your tank onto your yard is not a good idea. This creates a serious health threat since children and dogs may be able to walk through it, and it has the potential to make its way into a nearby stream. This, in turn, might result in the spread of waterborne sickness, which can be extremely fatal and spread quickly from person to person.
2. Determine the Exact Location of Your System
Whenever a tank is flooded, water can enter through any entrance, including the intake and exit pipes, the manhole cover, and the tank lid. This may then result in groundwater filling the tank, which may take dirt and silt with it as a byproduct. As a result, any floating trash that has already accumulated inside the tank, such as scum, will rise to the surface and may clog the tank’s inlet and outflow pipes. It is possible that water from the drain field will find its way into the tank. You should determine the precise location of the tank and drain field on your property before beginning any work.
Your septic system may have been installed by them and they may have files providing information about it.
By driving a pointed metal rod into the ground at the top of the tank, you can determine the depth down to the bottom of the tank.
3. Inspect for Damage
Inspect the area around the septic tank and drain field for any signs of damage or malfunction. Things like holes in the soil and dirt sinking are examples of common signs. If you see any symptoms of damage, you should contact a qualified specialist to come and evaluate your system for you immediately. While the earth is saturated, it is best not to operate heavy gear near the drain field or storage tank.
4. Measure the Depth of the Groundwater
The depth of groundwater around the tank and the drain field should be measured. It is possible to achieve this with a soil probe, or you may dig a hole using an auger. This should be done within 10 feet of your tank and around 20 feet of the drain field. It is OK to utilize your tank as a holding tank if you establish that the tank’s top is at least 3 feet above the water table but that the drain field is still saturated or inundated. In this scenario, you should have the tank pumped, but you should make sure that at least 50% of the tank’s capacity remains in the tank after the pumping.
It is possible that water will enter the tank while it is being pumped from the drain field and the home.
All but one mound system is placed 2 to 4 feet below the ground’s surface, and this is where most drain fields are located.
It will take a long time until the groundwater recedes to the level of the drain field’s bottom. It might take anywhere from a week to many months to complete the process. Monitor the depth of the water table surrounding the drain field on a frequent basis to avoid causing harm.
5. If You Have a Mound System, Turn off the Power
A lift station is commonly seen in above-ground septic tanks that include a mound for entering wastewater and a drain field. If your electrical control box is submerged in water, you must make absolutely certain that the power has been switched off before you touch it. After that, remove the lid and allow it to air dry. To be safe, a qualified electrician should inspect the components of the control box before they are turned on and turned off again. If your pumping chamber and septic tank are separate, make sure you get both of them drained out at the same time to avoid any complications.
You should, however, continue to monitor the water table depth surrounding the mound on a frequent basis.
6. Reduce Water Use
As soon as the septic system is operational again, it is beneficial for the home to limit their water use. Check to see that there are no leaky sinks or showers, and that there are no running toilets. Even if a faucet drips only one drop every 15 seconds, the cumulative effect over time might result in a significant amount of water being accumulated in the septic tank. In the event that any fixtures leak, get them fixed as quickly as possible. The water from your basement sump pump should not be discharged into your septic tank for safety reasons.
In addition, rainwater from roof gutters should be diverted away from the drainage field.
When attempting to reduce your water consumption, utilize common sense.
If the water table in the area surrounding the drain field is high, the drain field’s capacity to manage the water from your home is severely restricted.
7. If You Continue to Experience Problems, Hire a Licensed Professional
As soon as the septic system is operational again, it is beneficial for the household to limit their water use. [pagebreak] Examine the area to ensure that there are no leaky sinks or showers, as well as no running toilets. Over time, even a single drop every 15 seconds from a faucet might accumulate in the septic tank, resulting in a significant amount of water being dumped. It’s important to get any broken or leaky fixtures fixed right away! In order to prevent septic tank overflow, your basement sump pump should not be used.
Also important is that rainwater from roof gutters is channeled away from the drain field.
When attempting to reduce your water consumption, try to utilize common sense.
Your home’s drain field was designed to manage only the quantity of water that is typically generated by your residence. If the water table in the area surrounding the drain field is high, the drain field’s capacity to manage the water from your home is severely restricted.
Contact Us for Your Septic Needs
However, one thing this essay did not teach you was how to repair a leaky septic tank. This is due to the fact that it is preferable to leave this tough and perhaps risky work in the hands of trained experts. You can count on Mr. Rooter Plumbing of Greater Syracuse to provide you with septic system repair services if you are a homeowner or a business owner in need of septic services in or around the greater Syracuse, New York, region. The best of both worlds is what you get when you work with Mr.
In Onondaga County, our plumbers are trained and licensed in the detection of leaks and the completion of all plumbing-related jobs.
With a diverse spectrum of plumbing difficulties ranging from minor drain troubles to emergency pipe repairs, they have dealt with them all before.
We also provide new septic system installation.
If you need to schedule an appointment on our website, or if you are in need of emergency repairs, you may reach us at any time by dialing(315) 472-1203.