What is a septic tank made of?
- The septic tank is a buried, water-tight container usually made of concrete, fiberglass, or polyethylene. Its job is to hold the wastewater long enough to allow solids to settle down to the bottom forming sludge, while the oil and grease floats to the top as scum.
How does a bio septic system work?
The BioSeptic process begins when all the wastewater from the kitchen, toilets, bathroom, and laundry drains into the septic tank. The solid waste settles in the septic tank and naturally occurring anaerobic bacteria slowly break it down. These quick acting bacteria reduce the sewage to carbon dioxide and water.
Is Bio septic tank safe?
The anaerobic bacterial inoculum is then injected into the bio septic tank. Sewage enters the bio septic tank through the inlet pipe; it then passes over the consortium of anaerobic bacteria which break it down into gas and effluent. The effluent is very safe to discharge into the environment.
Do bio septic tanks need to be emptied?
Septic Tank Maintenance The Bio-Pure septic tank is a two-chambered septic tank with a filtered outlet which is designed to discharge only to a ground soakaway. It is not designed to discharge to a watercourse. The unit should be emptied on an annual basis and at this time the filter in the outlet should be cleaned.
How does a plastic septic tank work?
Septic tanks work by allowing waste to separate into three layers: solids, effluent and scum (see illustration above). The solids settle to the bottom, where microorganisms decompose them. The middle layer of effluent exits the tank and travels through underground perforated pipes into the drainage field.
What are the disadvantages of a biodigester?
- If organic waste and not only wastewater is fed into the digester, each day, the waste to be added needs to be mixed with water and/or ground to a liquid state.
- Each day, the bio-digester effluent needs to be removed from the effluent tank.
What does a BioCycle do?
A bioCycle™ Aerobic Wastewater Treatment System is a packaged sewage and water treatment plant for locations where mainline sewerage is not available. The system uses accelerated natural biological processes to purify all wastewater passing through it, which is then pumped out through garden irrigation.
What are the disadvantage of bio septic tank?
The problem with this arrangement for waste disposal is the possibility of water overflowing if there is an increase in water use. The overflow would then end up having to be collected and disposed of manually, not a very environment-friendly practice.
What is the difference between a septic tank and a biodigester?
A biodigester is a decomposition mechanized toilet system which decomposes human excretory waste in the digester tank using specific high graded bacteria further converting it into methane and water, discharged further to the desired surface. Septic Tanks yield sludge or septage which needs further de-watering.
How long does a BioCycle last?
The BioCycle wastewater treatment system is covered by full warranties: the electrical items for 24 months, up to 36 months if serviced by BioCycle, and the remainder of the system for 15 years.
How can you tell if septic tank is full?
Here are some of the most common warning signs that you have a full septic tank:
- Your Drains Are Taking Forever.
- Standing Water Over Your Septic Tank.
- Bad Smells Coming From Your Yard.
- You Hear Gurgling Water.
- You Have A Sewage Backup.
- How often should you empty your septic tank?
What happens if you never pump your septic tank?
What Are the Consequences of Not Pumping Your Tank? If the tank is not pumped, the solids will build up in the tank and the holding capacity of the tank will be diminished. Eventually, the solids will reach the pipe that feeds into the drain field, causing a clog. Waste water backing up into the house.
How often does septic tank need emptying?
As a general rule, you should only need to empty your septic tank once every three to five years. That being said, the actual frequency will vary depending on your usage and how many people are living in your home.
Is a plastic septic tank better than concrete?
Plastic septic tanks are watertight and are immune to water-based corrosion. They are also rust-resistant. Plastic tanks are less prone to cracking since plastic is flexible, and thus a plastic septic tank does not crack as much as a cement septic tank. Plastic septic tanks are more hygienic than cement tanks.
How long does plastic septic tank last?
A septic tank can last between 20 and 40 years. The lifespan depends on the tank’s material. A steel tank lasts 20 years, while a concrete tank lasts 40 years. Plastic tanks can last as long as 30 years.
How long do poly septic tanks last?
Lifespan: The average lifespan of a plastic septic tank should be 30 to 40 years, given that it is properly maintained. This is far longer than most people live in their home before moving.
What Is A Bio Septic Tank and How Does It Work?
Return to the main blog page. Environmentally Friendly LivingHomesteadingKnowledge Center The bio septic tank has the potential to become a critical component in many houses throughout the world, having a good influence on the environment. With the transition from a regular septic tank to a bio septic tank, wastewater management may be made more environmentally friendly while also being more sustainable and effective. The bio septic tank, on the other hand, is a critical component of any biogas plant, whether it is for home or industrial purposes.
What Is a Bio Septic Tank?
Bio septic tanks are watertight chambers in which bacteria break down organic waste from wastewater in the absence of oxygen, a process known as anaerobic fermentation. This chamber is referred to as a digester when it comes to biogas generation. It is in this enclosed environment that a sequence of chemical reactions may take place, allowing the fermentation process to result in the production of methane, carbon dioxide, and water as a byproduct. Septic tanks have traditionally been used for collecting and, in certain cases, purifying wastewater in homes that are not linked to the municipal water system or sewer system.
Everything happens because of an artificial process that replicates a natural phenomenon: the tank creates an environment in which bacteria can digest organic waste and convert it into renewable energy, and the process is automated.
Sludge that is organic and high in nutrients can be utilized in the planting and growing process.
Let’s take a deeper look at what’s going on.
Septic Tank vs. Bio Septic Tank – What Are The Differences?
Septic tanks were traditionally used to collect organic waste generated by home activities (mainly grey and black water), but they were not intended to be used for recycling or biogas generation. As a result, there is no method to eradicate the sludge other than by frequent removal after the chemical processes have taken place. Traditionnal septic tanks are just a method of preventing wastewater from entering the environment: you have a container made of concrete or steel or plastic or fiberglass that has to be empty on a regular basis in order to prevent waste from being dumped straight into the landfill.
- Septic tanks are used by over a quarter of the population in the United States, which can be harmful to the environment in the long run because most of these systems do not rely on environmentally friendly methods of wastewater management in the first place.
- These figures are even more disturbing when considered on a global scale.
- This device not only collects wastewater from the house, but it also allows you to recycle it for irrigation while also producing biogas in some circumstances.
- Through the collection of the gas produced by anaerobic digestion, they may replace fossil fuels with renewable energy for cooking and heating houses.
- It is often constructed of reinforced concrete, which makes it fireproof and allows for the elimination of less smells.
It is home to the correct bacteria and produces the ideal habitat for converting wastewater into electricity and potable water for use in gardening operations. It is a long-term solution that can improve the overall quality of life while having a little impact on the environment.
How Does a Bio Septic Tank Work?
A bio septic tank is a tank that is used to recycle wastewater while also facilitating the creation of biogas. Wastewater is pumped into the tank, where anaerobic bacteria begin to decompose the organic materials (the organic matter in the wastewater). In a bio septic tank, depending on the type of tank used, there are multiple chambers within it, and the wastewater moves from one compartment to another while the process takes place. Following the anaerobic digesting process, effluent is sent to the aeration tank, where aerobic microorganisms can flourish.
Bacteria take in oxygen and expel it, therefore removing all smells.
If the water is utilized for gardening, all of the nutrients in the water are returned to the plants, resulting in greater efficiency.
While improper wastewater management may have devastating repercussions for human health and the environment — as well as for the economy in certain cases — systems utilizing bio septic tanks can benefit communities all over the world while also combating climate change.
Do Bio Septic Tanks Need to Be Emptied?
It is recommended that the bacteria be kept healthy and prolific so that biomass is converted efficiently and that minimal maintenance is required in the bio septic tank. In reality, numerous manufacturers provide systems that do not need the removal of sludge from the system. It represents a substantial improvement over typical septic tanks, which must be emptied on a regular basis in order to ensure appropriate wastewater management. If the bio septic tank is not properly placed, homeowners may find themselves performing routine maintenance.
Therefore, while installing a bioseptic tank, it’s important to work with experienced professionals who are familiar with the industry’s standards and laws.
Due to the fact that not all manufacturers adhere to the same criteria when creating filter kits, it is important to carefully read and follow the instructions to guarantee that the tank functions properly.
Common Types of Septic Tanks
Septic tanks have advanced significantly in recent years, and are now available in a variety of shapes and sizes. Depending on the amount of customers they are planned to serve, they can be constructed from a variety of materials and have a variety of capacity options available. Distinct manufacturers may also provide a variety of different items to fulfill the individual demands of their respective clients. Because different nations and areas have different wastewater management regulations, some local firms have had to change their products to ensure that they are compliant, which is why some types of septic tanks are only available in specific markets throughout the world.
This cutting-edge and dependable material helps to assist the biogas generation process while also allowing for more efficient waste disposal on-site.
Tanks can also include two or more chambers, depending on their purpose, as well as various types of pipelines within to allow wastewater to move and bacteria to begin anaerobic digestion, as well as a variety of other features.
HomeBiogas Septic Tank Solution
Bio-toilet kits, such as the HomeBiogas bio-toilet kit, are quite similar to bio septic tanks. While managing wastewater and creating biogas for cooking, it is a cost-effective method of waste management. The HomeBiogas solution can help families save up to 72,000 liters of water per year with its water-saving capabilities. When we consider that the typical individual consumes 8 cups (about 2 liters) of water each day, this is the equivalent of nearly 100 years’ worth of drinking water for one person, which helps you picture the environmental impact of your actions.
It does not require emptying and instead utilizes the waste generated by the bio-toilet to generate biogas, which can then be utilized for cooking.
A sustainable and environmentally beneficial alternative to their predecessors, the so-called regular septic tanks, bio septic tanks are becoming increasingly popular. They have a variety of advantages, including the ability to recycle water for irrigation and the ability to have a wastewater management system that does not require frequent sludge removal. In general, a bio septic tank may be a cost-effective approach to manage waste that is both hassle-free and has a low impact on the environment when properly installed.
It is possible to improve the quality of life for individuals, their communities, and, in the long run, the entire planet by switching from traditional wastewater treatment to a bio septic tank.
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Types of Septic Systems
Septic system design and size can differ significantly from one neighborhood to the next, as well as throughout the country, due to a variety of variables. Household size, soil type, slope of the site, lot size, closeness to sensitive water bodies, weather conditions, and even municipal ordinances are all considerations to take into consideration.
The following are 10 of the most often encountered septic system configurations. It should be noted that this is not an exhaustive list; there are several additional types of septic systems.
- Septic Tank, Conventional System, Chamber System, Drip Distribution System, Aerobic Treatment Unit, Mound Systems, Recirculating Sand Filter System, Evapotranspiration System, Constructed Wetland System, Cluster / Community System, etc.
This tank is underground and waterproof, and it was designed and built specifically for receiving and partially treating raw home sanitary wastewater. Generally speaking, heavy materials settle at or near the bottom of the tank, whereas greases and lighter solids float to the surface. The sediments are retained in the tank, while the wastewater is sent to the drainfield for further treatment and dispersion once it has been treated.
Septic tanks and trench or bed subsurface wastewater infiltration systems are two types of decentralized wastewater treatment systems (drainfield). When it comes to single-family homes and small businesses, a traditional septic system is the most common type of system. For decades, people have used a gravel/stone drainfield as a method of water drainage. The term is derived from the process of constructing the drainfield. A short underground trench made of stone or gravel collects wastewater from the septic tank in this configuration, which is commonly used.
Effluent filters through the stone and is further cleaned by microorganisms once it reaches the soil below the gravel/stone trench, which is located below the trench.
Gravelless drainfields have been regularly utilized in various states for more than 30 years and have evolved into a standard technology that has mostly replaced gravel systems. Various configurations are possible, including open-bottom chambers, pipe that has been clothed, and synthetic materials such as expanded polystyrene media. Gravelless systems can be constructed entirely of recycled materials, resulting in considerable reductions in carbon dioxide emissions during their lifetime. The chamber system is a type of gravelless system that can be used as an example.
- The key advantage of the chamber system is the enhanced simplicity with which it can be delivered and built.
- This sort of system is made up of a number of chambers that are connected to one another.
- Wastewater is transported from the septic tank to the chambers through pipes.
- The wastewater is treated by microbes that live on or near the soil.
Drip Distribution System
An effluent dispersal system such as the drip distribution system may be employed in a variety of drainfield configurations and is very versatile. In comparison to other distribution systems, the drip distribution system does not require a vast mound of dirt because the drip laterals are only placed into the top 6 to 12 inches of soil. In addition to requiring a big dosage tank after the sewage treatment plant to handle scheduled dose delivery of wastewater to drip absorption areas, the drip distribution system has one major disadvantage: it is more expensive.
This method necessitates the use of additional components, such as electrical power, which results in a rise in costs as well as higher maintenance.
Aerobic Treatment Unit
Aerobic Treatment Units (ATUs) are small-scale wastewater treatment facilities that employ many of the same procedures as a municipal sewage plant. An aerobic system adds oxygen to the treatment tank using a pump. When there is an increase in oxygen in the system, there is an increase in natural bacterial activity, which then offers extra treatment for nutrients in the effluent. It is possible that certain aerobic systems may additionally include a pretreatment tank as well as a final treatment tank that will include disinfection in order to further lower pathogen levels.
ATUs should be maintained on a regular basis during their service life.
Using mound systems in regions with short soil depth, high groundwater levels, or shallow bedrock might be a good alternative. A drainfield trench has been dug through the sand mound that was erected. The effluent from the septic tank runs into a pump chamber, where it is pumped to the mound in the amounts recommended. During its release to the trench, the effluent filters through the sand and is dispersed into the native soil, where it continues to be treated. However, while mound systems can be an effective solution for some soil conditions, they demand a significant amount of land and require regular care.
Recirculating Sand Filter System
Sand filter systems can be built either above or below ground, depending on the use. The effluent is discharged from the septic tank into a pump compartment. Afterwards, it is pushed into the sand filter. The sand filter is often made of PVC or a concrete box that is filled with a sand-like substance. The effluent is pushed through the pipes at the top of the filter under low pressure to the drain. As the effluent exits the pipelines, it is treated as it passes through the sand filtering system.
However, sand filters are more costly than a standard septic system because they provide a higher level of nutrient treatment and are thus better suited for areas with high water tables or that are adjacent to bodies of water.
Evaporative cooling systems feature drainfields that are one-of-a-kind. It is necessary to line the drainfield at the base of the evapotranspiration system with a waterproof material. Following the entry of the effluent into the drainfield, it evaporates into the atmosphere. At the same time, the sewage never filters into the soil and never enters groundwater, unlike other septic system designs. It is only in particular climatic circumstances that evapotranspiration systems are effective.
The environment must be desert, with plenty of heat and sunshine, and no precipitation. These systems perform effectively in shallow soil; but, if it rains or snows excessively, they are at risk of failing completely.
Constructed Wetland System
Construction of a manufactured wetland is intended to simulate the treatment processes that occur in natural wetland areas. Wastewater goes from the septic tank and into the wetland cell, where it is treated. Afterwards, the wastewater goes into the media, where it is cleaned by microorganisms, plants, and other media that eliminate pathogens and nutrients. Typically, a wetland cell is constructed with an impermeable liner, gravel and sand fill, and the necessary wetland plants, all of which must be capable of withstanding the constant saturation of the surrounding environment.
As wastewater travels through the wetland, it may escape the wetland and flow onto a drainfield, where it will undergo more wastewater treatment before being absorbed into the soil by bacteria.
Cluster / Community System
In certain cases, a decentralized wastewater treatment system is owned by a group of people and is responsible for collecting wastewater from two or more residences or buildings and transporting it to a treatment and dispersal system placed on a suitable location near the dwellings or buildings. Cluster systems are widespread in settings like rural subdivisions, where they may be found in large numbers.
Using Bio-One, Bio-Clean, Etc. on Septic Tanks to Keep Them Working Right
When septic systems malfunction, it is fairly rare for them to fail. Many individuals have discovered that putting Bio-One or Bio-Clean on their septic systems helps to keep them operating at peak performance levels. It is necessary for bacteria to consume food in order to thrive. Bacteria and enzymes are responsible for the breakdown and recycling of all materials into nourishment for plants. Using Bio-One or Bio-Clean in your septic tank employs the same process as using Bio-One or Bio-Clean in your sewer lines to biodegrade vegetable waste and animal waste.
- Each enzyme is designed to target a certain chemical.
- Bio-Clean keeps the germs inactive for as long as it is in the container.
- The enzymes begin breaking down the waste as soon as they come into touch with it, and they do so in a relatively short period of time.
- They do this nonstop and never take a break from their work.
- Certain types of bacteria will devour oil, hair, organic waste, soap, and other substances that may be obstructing your septic tank, according to the National Septic Tank Association.
- In order for bacteria to have enough time to embed themselves into the waste, you will not want to drain any water from your septic system for at least 6 to 8 hours after you have used it.
- Affordability and Effectiveness of Bio-Clean Every spoon-sized quantity of Bio-Clean includes millions of bacteria, each of which consumes its own weight in waste every 60 seconds, and each of which will devour its own weight in waste every 60 seconds.
If you have a blockage in your septic lines that is biodegradable, Bio-Clean can assist you in clearing it out.
Typically, when a blockage takes up many feet of pipe, a professional plumber will need to use a mechanical cable, such as a snake, to clear the clog and restore adequate flow to the pipe.
When you do periodic maintenance on your septic system, which includes injecting Bio-Clean to the system, you may avoid future difficulties caused by new build-ups and obstructions in the system.
While some people report seeing improvements in as little as a day or two, practically everyone who uses Bio-Clean or Bio-One will notice results within three weeks of starting the regimen.
If the clog is made up of soap residue or grease, it will disintegrate much more rapidly than hair, which will take the longest time to get out of the system.
It is estimated that the combination you pour into the toilet will push a quart of water containing a mixture into the toilet bowl stack.
In the following several hours, the enzymes and bacteria will lodge themselves in the filthy mixture, preventing the enzymes and bacteria from being flushed away the next time the toilet is flushed.
What a Plumber Can Do to Help If you are suffering obstructions in your sewage system, you should consult with a licensed professional plumber immediately.
If the problem is too difficult for Bio-Clean to handle, your plumber will be able to advise you on the best course of action to take to get your septic system back up and running.
Septic System Basics
When a household isn’t connected to a public sewage system, it normally relies on septic systems to treat and dispose of wastewater. Sewage treatment systems require a substantial financial commitment. The correct maintenance and upkeep of a well-designed, installed, and maintained system will provide years of dependable and low-cost service. The failure of a system can become a source of pollution and public health concern, resulting in property damage, ground and surfacewater pollution (such as contamination of well water used by you and your neighbors), and the spread of disease.
Aside from that, if you are planning to sell your property, your septic system has to be in good functioning order.
Septic systems are available in a variety of configurations to accommodate a wide range of soil and site conditions.
A conventional septic tank system is composed of three major components:
- This is known as the Septic Tank. In order to remove particles from wastewater, store and partially decompose as much solid material as possible, while allowing the liquid (or effluent) to flow to the drainfield, a septic tank must be installed. more
- The Drainage System After the particles have settled in the septic tank, the liquid wastewater (also known as effluent) is released to the drainfield, which is also known as an absorption or leach field, or both. more
- The Soil is a very important factor. The soil under the drainfield is responsible for the ultimate treatment and disposal of the septic tank effluent once it has been treated. Following the passage of wastewater into the soil, organisms in the soil remediate the effluent before it percolates downward and outward, eventually entering ground or surface water sources. A drainfield’s efficacy is also affected by the kind of soil
- For example, clay soils may be too tight to allow much wastewater to run through, while gravelly soil may be too coarse to give much treatment.
- Septic System Inspection Done at Home In order to aid you in examining your system, a VideoField Guide and Checklist may be available at the bottom of the homepage.
Homeowners and residents have a significant impact on the functioning of their septic systems. Overloading the system with more water than it is capable of handling might result in system failure. A septic system can also be damaged by the improper disposal of chemicals or excess organic waste, such as that produced by a trash disposal. The following maintenance suggestions might assist you in ensuring that your system provides long-term, effective treatment of domestic waste.
Inspect and Pump Frequently
The most critical step in keeping your septic tank in good working order is to eliminate sludge and scum build-up before it may flow into the drainfield. The frequency with which your tank has to be pumped is determined by the size of the tank, the number of people in your family, the quantity of water utilized, and the amount of solids (from humans, garbage disposal, and any other waste) that enter the tank’s drainage system. Tanks should be pumped out on average every 3 to 5 years, depending on usage.
- Septic Inspection and Pumping Guide
- Inspecting Your Septic Tank
- Septic Inspection and Pumping Guide
Use Water Efficiently
System failure is frequently caused by an excessive amount of water. The soil beneath the septic system must be able to absorb all of the water that is used in the residence. Too much water from the washing machine, dishwasher, toilets, bathtubs, and showers may not provide enough time for sludge and scum to separate properly in the drain. The less water that is consumed, the less water that enters the septic system, reducing the likelihood of system failure. For further information on water conservation, visit:
- Indoor Water Conservation
- Every gallon of water conserved equates to a savings of $1.00.
Minimize Solid Waste Disposal
What you flush down the toilet can have a significant influence on the performance of your septic system.
Many things do not breakdown properly, and as a result, they accumulate in your septic tank. If you have the option of disposing of it in another manner, do so rather than introducing it into your system.
Keep Chemicals Out of Your System
Protect your septic system against home chemicals such as caustic drain openers, paint and pesticides. Also avoid flushing down the toilet with chemicals such as brake fluid, gasoline, and motor oil. The improper dumping of dangerous substances down the drain is damaging to the environment, as well as the bacteria that are necessary for the breakdown of wastes in a septic system, and should be avoided.
Septic System Additives
It is not essential to add a stimulant or an enhancer to a septic tank in order to assist it in functioning or “to restore bacterial equilibrium.” The naturally occurring bacteria required for the proper operation of the septic system are already present in human excrement. Septic systems, like automobiles, are designed to offer long-term, effective treatment of residential waste if they are properly run and maintained on a regular basis. The majority of systems that fail prematurely, on the other hand, are the result of poor maintenance.
In the event that your septic system fails, call Thurston County Environmental Health at 360-867-2673 for assistance.
- Odors, surface sewage, moist areas, or a dense growth of plants in the drainfield region are all possible problems. Backups from the plumbing or septic tank (which are often a dark liquid with a foul odor)
- Fixtures that take a long time to drain
- The plumbing system is making gurgling sounds. Your drainfield may be failing if you have a well and tests reveal the presence of coliform (bacteria) or nitrates in the water from it. Even in the midst of a drought, the drainfield is covered with lush green grass.
Signs of Septic System Failure
- Flooding is occurring in the home as a result of backed up water and sewage from toilets, drains, and sinks Bathtubs, showers, and sinks all drain at a snail’s pace
- The plumbing system is making gurgling sounds. The presence of standing water or moist patches near the septic tank or drainfield
- Noxious smells emanating from the septic tank or drainfield
- Even in the midst of a drought, bright green, spongy luxuriant grass should cover the septic tank or drainfield. Algal blooms in the vicinity of ponds or lakes In certain water wells, there are high quantities of nitrates or coliform bacteria.
Septic systems, like the majority of other components of your house, require regular maintenance. As long as it is properly maintained, the septic system should give years of dependable service. If the septic system is not properly maintained, owners face the risk of having a dangerous and expensive failure on their hands. Septic systems, on the other hand, have a limited operating lifespan and will ultimately need to be replaced. Septic systems that have failed or are not working properly pose a threat to human and animal health and can damage the environment.
It is possible that a prompt response will save the property owner money in repair costs, as well as disease and bad influence on the environment in the future.
What happens when a septic system fails?
When a septic system fails, untreated sewage is dumped into the environment and carried to places where it shouldn’t be. This may cause sewage to rise to the surface of the ground around the tank or drainfield, or it may cause sewage to back up in the pipes of the structure. It is also possible that sewage will make its way into groundwater, surface water, or marine water without our knowledge. Pathogens and other potentially harmful substances are carried by the sewage. People and animals can become ill as a result of exposure to certain diseases and pollutants.
What are some common reasons a septic system doesn’t work properly?
The pipe between the home to the tank is obstructed. When this occurs, drains drain very slowly (perhaps much more slowly on lower floors of the structure) or cease draining entirely, depending on the situation. This is frequently a straightforward issue to resolve. The majority of the time, a service provider can “snake the line” and unclog the problem. Keeping your drains clear by flushing only human waste and toilet paper down the drain and having your system examined on an annual basis will help prevent clogs.
- Plant roots might occasionally obstruct the pipe (particularly on older systems).
- The inlet baffle to the tank is obstructed.
- In case you have access to your intake baffle aperture, you may see if there is a blockage by inspecting it.
- It is essential that you avoid damaging any of the septic system’s components.
- Avoid clogging your inlet baffle by just flushing human waste and toilet paper, and get your system examined once a year to ensure that it is in good working order.
- This may result in sewage backing up into the residence or surfacing near the septic tank as a result of the situation.
- If there is an effluent filter, it has to be cleaned or changed as necessary.
Preventing this sort of problem from occurring is as simple as cleaning your effluent filter (if you have one) and getting your system examined once per year.
It is possible for sewage to back up into the residence when the drainfield collapses or becomes saturated with water.
Additionally, smells may be present around the tank or drainfield.
It is possible that the system was run incorrectly, resulting in an excessive amount of solid material making its way to the drainfield and causing it to fail prematurely.
While it is conceivable that a drainfield will get saturated due to excessive quantities of water (either from enormous volumes of water flowing down the drain or flooding the drainfield), it is not always viable to dry out and restore a drainfield.
A connection to the public sewer system should be explored if the drainfield has failed and it is possible to make the connection.
It will be necessary to replace the existing drainfield if this does not take place. It is possible for a septic system to fail or malfunction for various reasons. Septic professionals should be contacted if your system isn’t functioning correctly.
How can I prevent a failure?
The proper operation of your septic system, together with routine maintenance, can help it last a long and trouble-free life. Assuming that your septic system has been correctly planned, located, and installed, the rest is up to you to take care of. Inspect your system once a year and pump as necessary (usually every 3-5 years). Avoid overusing water, and be mindful of what you flush down the toilet and what you flush down the drain. Learn more about how to properly maintain your septic system.
Can my failing septic system contaminate the water?
Yes, a failed septic system has the potential to pollute well water as well as adjacent water sources. Untreated wastewater is a health problem that has the potential to cause a variety of human ailments. Once this untreated wastewater enters the groundwater, it has the potential to poison your well and the wells of your neighbors. It is possible that oyster beds and recreational swimming sites will be affected if the sewage reaches local streams or water bodies.
Is there financial help for failing systems or repairs?
Yes, there are instances where this is true. Here are a few such alternatives.
- In addition, Craft3 is a local nonprofit financial organization that provides loans in many counties. Municipal Health Departments- Some local health departments provide low-interest loan and grant programs to qualified applicants. A federal home repair program for people who qualify is offered by the USDA.
- Septic System 101: The Fundamentals of Septic Systems
- Taking Good Care of Your Septic System
- A video on how to inspect your septic system yourself
- Using the Services of a Septic System Professional
- Safety of the Septic Tank Lid
NJDEP- Division of Water Quality- Bureau of Stormwater Permitting-Onsite Wastewater Management Program- Homeowners
This material is intended for persons who live in a home served by a septic system or who are considering purchasing a home with a septic system. To assist individuals in understanding the science and best management practices connected with onsite wastewater treatment technology, the Department has prepared a Homeowner’s Manual as well as additional assistance. For begin, New Jersey law mandates that individuals adhere to a variety of statewide norms and regulations. Known as “Standards for Individual Subsurface Sewage Disposal Systems,” these guidelines help to guarantee that disease-causing bacteria and chemical nutrients from home wastewater are effectively removed from the environment.
Sales of real estate and the installation of onsite wastewater treatment systems In the event that a property is served by a septic system, the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection suggests that all potential buyers have their septic system inspected in order to avoid any costly repairs or penalties following a real estate transaction.
A major document in the Onsite Wastewater Management Program is the Technical Guidance for Inspections of Onsite Wastewater Treatment and Disposal Systems, which is titled “Technical Guidance for Inspections of Onsite Wastewater Treatment and Disposal Systems.” A system inspection is crucial because it determines whether or not a system is now running effectively and whether or not the system will meet long-term requirements, such as plans for future extensions, plans for decks, plans for swimming pools, and plans for other building projects.
It is also recommended that people who are planning pre-purchase home construction and who are unsure about the location and condition of their septic system consider obtaining an inspection before proceeding.
Finally, all homeowners considering the purchase of a septic system should be aware that proper care begins with the establishment of a maintenance schedule (as with any other home utility, such as a furnace) and the knowledge of what can and cannot be discharged into the system, which is then recharged into the groundwater system.
What is the Process of a Septic System? While the mechanisms that treat wastewater are complicated, the operation of a traditional septic system is really relatively easy to understand and operate. A basic septic system consists of three primary components: a tank, a filter, and a pump.
- Aseptic tank, aneffluent distribution system, and anabsorption field are all examples of septic systems.
When a person flushes the toilet, empties a bathtub, or empties a washing machine, the wastewater flows through the plumbing and into the septic tank, generally by gravity. After settling out in the tank, the liquid is allowed to remain long enough to be fermented and enhanced with beneficial microorganisms. The septic tank is normally composed of concrete, fiberglass, or plastic, and it is buried underground. It should be completely waterproof. Baffles (or tees) are installed at the entrance and exit of all septic tanks to ensure correct flow patterns.
Even though most sewage tanks are built to store at least 1000 gallons of sewage, the actual size of the tank might vary based on the number of bedrooms in the house and on state and local regulatory standards.
The particles, referred to as sludge, gather in the bottom of the tank, while the scum floats on the surface of the liquid at the top of the tank.
Allowing solids to travel through the septic tank has the potential to block the absorption field.
|Figure 1. Image showing the basic diagram of inside a septic tank.|
Effluentfilters installed on the septic tank’s exit provide an extra layer of protection against particulates entering the absorption field. There are many potentially disease-causing bacteria and other pollutants in the wastewater (effluent) that comes out of the septic tank. These contaminants include nitrates, phosphates, and chlorides. After the effluent has been discharged from the septic tank, it is carried to the distribution box and laterals, either by gravity or by pumps. As part of the system, a distribution box is used to distribute the septic tank effluent uniformly onto a network of distribution lines that serve as the absorption field.
The laterals are placed underground and form a component of the zone of treatment and the zone of disposal when they are completed.
Effluent is spread through perforated pipes, emerges through holes in the pipes, and trickles into rock or gravel, where it is held until absorbed by the soil. The zone of treatment, which is located in the soil’s unsaturated zone, is responsible for treating the soil.
|Figure 2. Image showing animation of basic disposal field cross-section.|
Septic systems that are in good working order are beneficial to your family, your budget, and the environment. You can safeguard your septic system and save money on costly repairs by following a few easy procedures. Your groundwater, as well as the lakes, rivers, and beaches of Puget Sound, will benefit as well!
What is a septic system?
Consider them to be similar in size to a sewage treatment facility, but considerably smaller. They collect, store, treat, and dispose of the items that you flush or pour down the toilet. Various sorts of systems are available to choose from. Some are straightforward, requiring merely a tank and a drainage area. Others are more complicated, necessitating the use of pumps, filters, or materials that have been particularly created. For further information, please see our 3D septic system models.
A maintained septic system keeps you and the environment healthy and helps:
- Reduce the likelihood of individuals becoming ill as a result of untreated sewage
- Reduce the likelihood of groundwater and surface water becoming contaminated
- You will save money and your system’s life will be extended.
Our role is to:
- Consult with septic system specialists to approve the design, placement, and installation of the system
- Property owners should be educated on the need of keeping their septic systems in good working order.
What are the regulations?
- Environmental Health Code, Chapter 1, General Provisions
- Environmental Health Code, Chapter 2, On-Site Sewage
- Environmental Health Code, Chapter 3, Water Regulation
- Appeals Process for Orders and Decisions of the Health Officer
- Environmental Health Code, Chapter 1, General Provisions
- The Septic Systems 101 webinar is available online
- Designers and Engineers —A list of designers and engineers that are qualified to work in Pierce County is available online
- Septic Systems 101 webinar is available online
- Installation Companies —A list of companies that have been certified to work in Pierce County
- Fee Schedule — Fee Schedule for On-Site Sewage, Wells, and Water Resources Services
- Complaints can be lodged against a Pierce County Septic Service Company or a person. A list of firms that have been certified to work in Pierce County’s septic system service industry.
Have questions? We have answers!
For further information, please contact us at [email protected] or (253) 649-1925.
Have a Septic System?
- Information on the sort of septic system you have
- The amount of danger associated with your septic system
- Reminders about inspection deadlines
A well-maintained septic system:
- Increased public health by reducing pollution in drinking water sources, lakes, rivers, and the Puget Sound
- Ensures the health of you, your family, and pets
- It helps to prolong the life of your septic system. You’ll save money as a result of this.
- Foul scents emanating from within or outside your home
- The plumbing is making gurgling noises
- Sewage accumulating on the ground
- Backing up of sewage into your residence
Consult with a recognized O M firm to establish the root source of the issue. Step 2: If you need minor repairs done, a trained septic technician may assist you. If you want the services of a designer or installation, you must get a permit from the health authority.
Septic System Inspection Reminders
Do you have questions about the septic inspection reminder that you received?
- Find out more about the Septic Financial Assistance Program, which allows Key Peninsula residents to save up to $450 on a septic system inspection, pumping, and riser installation by participating.
For further information, please contact us at [email protected] or (253) 649-1421. Resources
- Do you require assistance in paying for septic system repairs? Spend less money on septic system repairs or replacement when you use our services. Cleaning and maintaining your septic system —easy actions to keep your house safe
- Environmental Protection Agency recommendations for septic systems
- Septic systems Service businesses —A list of approved organizations that can perform septic system maintenance and repairs
- In Chapter 2 of the Environmental Health Code, on-site sewage regulations are established for our local area. landscaping around a drainfield: a guide to planting and building around your drainfield Our onsite septic system guide leaflet provides information to homeowners about their septic systems. Inquiries for experts — Here is a list of questions you should ask your certified septic specialist. Why and how to get your onsite septic system examined while selling your house when you are in the process of selling your home Safety Tips for Homeowners Using Septic Systems —Our suggestions for keeping your septic system safe and avoiding harm
- View our 3D models — Understand how your septic system works and how to keep it in good working order:
Videos: Understanding and maintaining your system
- Gravity Septic System (also known as gravity septic system)
- Your System of Mounds
- You’re using a Pressure Distribution System. Your Sand Filter System is comprised of:
Some of the included documents require the use of a free viewer to be viewed. They may be obtained by clicking on the appropriate icons below. Adobe Acrobat Reader is required. Windows Media Player is a multimedia player for Windows. Word Viewer is a program that allows you to see text in a variety of formats. Excel Viewer is a program that allows you to view spreadsheets in Excel format. PowerPoint Viewer is an application that allows you to view PowerPoint presentations.
Septic System Operation and Maintenance
- It is possible to download Septic System Operation and Maintenance in Portable Document Format (PDF, 935KB).
If a septic system is properly installed, designed, constructed, and maintained, it will provide a long period of service to a home. Even the best-designed and-installed septic system will ultimately fail if it is not maintained on a regular basis. A basic description of septic system components and how they should be maintained is provided in this guide.
Septic System Components
In addition to the home sewer drain, the septic tank, the distribution box, and the soil absorption (leach) field are all components of a septic system, which is also known as an onsite wastewater treatment system (OWTS).
- The house sewer drain gathers all of the waste from household fixtures such as toilets, sinks, showers, and laundry, and links them to the septic tank for disposal. The septic tank gathers all of the waste generated by domestic plumbing and gives the necessary time for wastes to settle or float in the tank. Heavy solids settle to the bottom of the tank, where they are broken down by bacteria to generate sludge. Heavy solids settle to the bottom of the tank. Eventually, the lighter materials, such as fats and grease, breakdown and rise to the surface, where they produce a layer of scum. This procedure allows for the discharge of partly treated wastewater into the absorption field. The distribution box is responsible for distributing wastewater from the septic tank to pipes in the trenches of the absorption field in an even and consistent manner. It is critical that each trench receives an equal volume of flow in order to avoid overloading of one portion of the absorption field over another. Trenches receive sewage that has been partially treated. Wastewater is biologically treated by the soil around the absorption (leach) field, which is a system of trenches and distribution pipelines. The gravel, stone, or gravelless product used to partially fill the system is cleaned and screened. To ensure optimal functioning and long life, the absorption field must be correctly sized, built, and maintained. Theventallows gases that have accumulated in the pipework to be released from the system.
Septic Tank Maintenance
Once every two to three years, you should have your septic tank emptied out. Septic tank pumpers who are licensed by the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation may examine, measure tank layers, and pump out the tank when it is required.
Maintain Your System
- When necessary, pump out your septic tank on a regular basis. Document all pumps, inspections, and maintenance/repairs that take place. Plan the location of the septic tank and other system components. Either use a map or use permanent pegs to mark the locations of the various components. This is useful for gaining access to the system and will protect system components from being damaged when performing home maintenance or yard chores. Parking or driving big trucks or equipment on the septic system or any of its components is not permitted. It is not permissible to construct constructions such as decks, patios, or swimming pools that would cover the absorption field or restrict access to the septic tank or distribution box
- Flush or use powerful chemicals and bacteria-destroying items such as drain cleaners, solvents, paint, paint thinners, floor cleaners, sink cleaners, motor oil, antifreeze, pesticides, and photo chemicals, which can damage or destroy the environment. These have the potential to interfere with the operation of a septic tank or absorption system. When used in regular domestic applications, household bleach, disinfectants, cleansers, and antibacterial soaps should have no adverse effect on system operation. Paper towels, cotton swabs, personal hygiene items, condoms, pharmaceuticals, disposable diapers, coffee grounds, cat litter, cooking fats/oils, face tissues, dental floss, cigarette butts, plastics, grease, and bones should not be flushed. Septic tank additives should be avoided. A properly designed and maintained septic tank will effectively handle residential wastewater without the need for chemical additions. Keep garbage disposals and grinders out of the septic tank and absorption field since they significantly increase the buildup of solids in the tank and absorption field. If they are employed, the capacity of the septic tank should be raised, and the tank should be drained out more frequently. If at all feasible, direct water treatment system outputs to a separate soil absorption system in order to reduce the amount of water that enters the septic system. Many water treatment system outputs can, however, be sent to the septic tank if the system is in good working order and can handle the increased flow
- Again, this is only true in certain circumstances. Roof, cellar/footing (sump pump), and surface water run-off should be diverted away from the septic system. Plant grass and other shallow-rooted plants over the absorption field to help absorb excess moisture. Keep trees, long-rooted plants, and shrubs away from the absorption area and away from the surrounding area of the absorption area. Roots can grow into the pipes and cause them to get clogged. Water should be conserved. Repair leaky fixtures and appliances, and install appliances and fixtures that use less water and eliminate water-wasting behaviors. If you have a septic system, make sure to regularly examine and repair any effluent pumps and alarms that may be installed.
Find Out More
If you have any questions, please contact your local health agency or the New York State Department of Health, Residential Sanitation and Recreational Engineering Section at (518) 402-7650 or [email protected].