- However, your well should be located higher than points of contamination such as flood water, standing water sources or septic tanks. SC State regulations require that your residential and/or business well location needs to be at least 50 feet from septic tanks, sewer lines and drain fields.
How deep should septic tank be buried?
In most cases, septic tank components including the lid, are buried between 4 inches and 4 feet underground. You can use a metal probe to locate its edges and mark the perimeter. If you do not find the lid by probing, shallow excavation with a shovel along the tank’s perimeter should reveal the lid.
Can I install my own septic system in SC?
South Carolina law states that only licensed septic tank pros can install or operate on septic tanks. If you want to install your own septic tank, you’ll need to get a license first. The process is actually pretty easy though and just involves filling out a form, paying a fee, and taking a test.
How deep are drain fields buried?
A typical drainfield trench is 18 to 30 inches in depth, with a maximum soil cover over the disposal field of 36 inches.
How deep is the septic tank outlet pipe?
After the solids settle out, effluent leaves the septic tank through the outlet pipe and flows to the drain field. The outlet pipe should be approximately 3 inches below the inlet pipe.
Can you have a septic tank without a leach field?
The waste from most septic tanks flows to a soakaway system or a drainage field. If your septic tank doesn’t have a drainage field or soakaway system, the waste water will instead flow through a sealed pipe and empty straight into a ditch or a local water course.
How much does a septic system cost in South Carolina?
A new septic tank system costs $3,918 to install on average, with prices ranging from $1,500 to upward of $5,000. Most homeowners spend between $3,280 and $5,040 for a 1,250-gallon system that supports 3 or 4 bedrooms.
What is a perk test for septic?
Perc tests determine the right and wrong locations for a septic system, and they’re often required by local jurisdictions before a new one can be built or an old one replaced. That’s because septic tanks work by holding wastewater long enough to naturally separate liquids and solids.
Why is my grass dying over my drain field?
As temperatures increase, grass draws more moisture from the soil beneath it. The soil above leach lines is shallower than the soil in the rest of the lawn, so it holds less water compared to the rest of the lawn, causing grass directly above the lines to dry out and turn yellow.
How do I calculate the size of my septic drain field?
- The size of the drainfield is based on the number of bedrooms and soil characteristics, and is given as square feet.
- For example, the minimum required for a three bedroom house with a mid range percolation rate of 25 minutes per inch is 750 square feet.
How far is the distribution box from septic tank?
The D-box is normally not very deep, often between 6″ and two feet to the top of the box. You may also see a pattern of parallel depressions, typically about 5 feet apart, that mark the individual drainfield leach lines. The D-box will at or near end of the drainfield area that is closest to the septic tank.
What is the minimum depth of a sewer line?
Building sewers that connect to private sewage disposal systems shall be a minimum of 36 inches (914 mm) below finished grade at the point of septic tank connection. Building sewers shall be a minimum of 36 inches (914 mm) below grade.
How many lids are on a septic tank?
A septic tank installed before 1975 will have a single 24-inch concrete lid in the center of the rectangle. A two-compartment tank installed after 1975 will have two lids of either fiberglass or polyethylene, centered at opposite ends of the rectangle.
Be Septic Safe
The use of best practices can help to keep a septic system in good condition. There are four major categories, which are as follows:
- Proper maintenance, efficient water usage, proper waste disposal, and drainfield protection are all important considerations.
Preventative maintenance, efficient water usage, proper waste disposal, and drainage system protection are all important considerations.
- Before starting dishwashers and washing machines, make sure they are completely loaded. Attempt to use just one water-based appliance at a time. Decrease the number of times that each appliance is used on a daily basis. Repair any leaks in the plumbing system. Showers should be taken more quickly. While brushing your teeth, turn off the water faucet. Dishwashing should be done in a basin.
The ability to distinguish between what goes down the sink and what goes down the toilet is essential for proper waste disposal. Avoid using garbage disposals since they can increase the amount of solid waste entering the septic system by up to 50 percent if used often. Pump outs may become more common as a result of this. Similarly, hot tubs should not be allowed to flow into the septic system since they might overburden the drain field. Additionally, water softener systems should be prevented from backflowing into the septic system since they might disturb the biological population that is necessary for wastewater treatment.
- Learn where the drainfield is and make a note of it.
- The same holds true for placing any trees or building structures over a drainage field.
- Drainfields, as a last point, are less effective when they are soaked with rainwater.
- Try to channel rainwater runoff away from the drainfield as much as possible by installing gutters, ditches, rain barrels, or rain gardens.
Septic Tanks: Frequently Asked Questions
No. In reality, certain chemicals or therapies may cause more harm than benefit to your system, and may even speed the demise of your system. Some jurisdictions have outright prohibited their usage.
- The use of additives does not obviate the necessity for regular pumping and maintenance of your septic tank, despite claims made in advertising. A number of products may simply push solids and grease from your tank into the drainfield, where they can cause the most damage by clogging up the air spaces between gravel and soil particles, slowing and eventually stopping the cleansing of wastewater
- Others may simply push solids and grease from your tank into the drainfield. In order to reestablish the bacterial equilibrium of a septic tank, no biological additions are required because bacteria already exist in human excrement. Contrary to popular belief, you should never put yeast, dead animals, or raw flesh to your aquarium. Use caution when adding chemical additions, such as caustic hydroxides and sulfuric acid, as they can kill beneficial microorganisms in the tank and affect its capacity to absorb or treat liquids
- They can also contaminate groundwater.
Will DHEC use a percolation or ‘perc’ test to determine if my property will work for a septic tank?
No, we haven’t utilized these tests since the late 1970s since they aren’t particularly accurate when it comes to evaluating septic system installation locations. Perc tests are used to determine how quickly water will drain out of a hole once it has been poured in. An area that passes the perc test during the dry season but fails the perc test during a wet stretch, when the water table is closer to the ground surface, is known as a saturated zone. Some locations in South Carolina have passed perc testing in the past, but have ended up having septic systems that are unable to function effectively during wet seasons.
Will DHEC inspect my septic tank upon request?
No, you’ll need to engage a qualified septic system professional to examine your system before you can proceed.
The majority of your queries will be answered by our knowledgeable staff, who may also be able to provide some useful technical assistance.
Am I legally required to have my septic system inspected regularly?
While South Carolina law does not mandate property owners to have existing systems evaluated, several municipalities have approved legislation requiring their homeowners to have their septic systems tested on a regular basis (See next question). For those who reside in an area where there is no municipal inspection legislation in effect, the only time you would be compelled to have your septic system examined would be when you are planning to build a new house that will make use of a septic system.
You will not be able to acquire a county building permit until you have this permission.
What kinds of inspection requirements may be found in local ordinances?
However, while South Carolina law does not mandate property owners to have existing systems evaluated, several municipalities have established legislation requiring their homeowners to have their septic systems tested on a routine basis (See next question). For those who reside in an area where there is no local inspection legislation in place, the only time you would be compelled to have your septic system examined would be when you are planning to build a new house that would be equipped with one.
There are no county building permits available without this license.
Why should I spend the money to have my system inspected regularly if not required by law?
Regular inspections detect problems early, allowing you to correct them before they have a negative impact on your family’s health, become significantly more expensive to repair, cause environmental damage, or place you in a legal liability position.
What is an alternative septic system, and are they legal in South Carolina?
Alternative systems make advantage of more recent technologies. Some people choose to treat wastewater with sand, peat, or plastic instead of soil. Others make use of wetlands, lagoons, aerators, or disinfection systems to combat the problem. A variety of electrical and mechanical components such as float switches, pumps, and other similar devices are frequently employed in alternative systems. Alternative systems need more regular and meticulous maintenance, but they can occasionally be used to establish a septic tank on land that does not have soils suited for typical septic systems or when the subterranean water level is too high for a traditional system to function properly.
Will a high-efficiency toilet help my septic system work better?
Toilets account for anywhere between one-fourth and one-third of total home water use. The majority of typical toilets in older homes consume 3.5 to 5 gallons of water every flush on average. Toilets that are modern and high efficiency consume 1.6 gallons or less of water every flush. The installation of a high efficiency toilet might alleviate your concerns about your septic system being swamped by domestic water.
Placing a block in the toilet tank of an older toilet can also help to reduce the amount of water used for every flush. Find out how to save money by minimizing the quantity of water you use in and around your house with our money saving suggestions.
Septic Tank Alerts Septic Tank Alerts
Overview – Septic Tanks
Specifically, the South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control (“Department”) intends to alter R. On-site wastewater systems are covered in Chapter 61-56. As of 5:00 p.m., the public comment session has come to an end. on the 24th of January, 2022 February 10, 2022, is the date set for a public hearing to be held before the DHEC Board of Directors to present the proposed revisions. State Register Notice of Proposed Regulation for R 61-56 OSWW
What is a Septic System?
A septic system is comprised of two components: a tank and a drainfield. It is intended to treat and dispose of residential wastewater through the use of a mix of naturally occurring processes. When properly designed and maintained, a septic system may help to keep effluent away from the environment and safe to use.
Why are Septic Systems Necessary?
The proper treatment and disposal of residential wastewater safeguards public health and the environment, while also reducing the contamination of drinking water and the spread of infectious diseases. It is not always possible to obtain a connection to a wastewater treatment facility (i.e. rural areas, small communities).
How Does a Septic System Work?
- The wastewater from the home is flushed
- Wastewater is channeled into the septic tank, which holds it. Solids, both heavy and light, are broken down by bacteria that live in the septic tank, resulting in the formation of the scum and sludge layer. In the tank, wastewater drains out and onto the drainfield (the scum and sludge layers stay in the tank). During the drainfield’s natural decomposition process, wastewater is absorbed by the soil and broken down by natural processes.
Septic systems, as well as private wells, are the responsibility of the homeowner. It is possible for an improperly used or maintained septic tank system to have a negative impact on an entire community by causing one or more of the following problems: a breeding ground for mosquitoes and other insects, offensive odors, costly damage caused by sewage backing up into a home, the spread of serious diseases, and pollution of groundwater and surface water, as well as rivers and lakes.
How to Apply for a Septic System permit?
For information on how to submit an application for a septic system permit, please see our Permits, Licenses, and Reportssection.
South Carolina’s Challenge
Poor maintenance is a common cause of septic system failure, which affects around 5% of all systems. Keep yours from becoming one of them by learning how your septic system works and how to properly maintain it.
Septic Tank AlertsSeptic Tank Overview
DHEC denied my lot for septic, what do I do — Engineered Septic, Package Plants, and Effluent Sewer Solutions
Septic Tank AlertsSeptic System Overview
How Long Can a Septic Tank Last?
If you have a septic system, it is beneficial to be aware of the maintenance and repair expenditures that may be connected with its usage. Despite the fact that a septic tank is built to survive and might last for decades depending on the kind, building a new one can be very expensive. Fortunately, there are methods for ensuring that your system continues to perform effectively and is set up for a long life. Some important facts to know about septic tank utilization and lifespan are as follows:
Types of Septic Tanks
The majority of individuals utilize a septic tank that is either composed of steel or concrete, and the materials used in the tank have an impact on how long the tank lasts. While steel tanks are susceptible to rust (depending on the grade of the steel and the acidity of the soil), they typically have a lifespan of 15 to 20 years on average. This chronology applies to both steel tank covers and aluminum tank covers. On the plus side, rust may be easily detected by professionals, allowing you to foresee the breakdown of a steel tank in advance and replace it with a more appropriate one.
Note: The drain field plays an important role in determining the life expectancy of a septic system, and the operation of this component is closely related to the installation process.
However, whereas huge drain fields with high-quality soil might endure for several decades, mistakes such as improperly constructed pipes can cause failure within a few days or weeks of their installation.
Making Your Septic Tank Last
- Having a professional service provider examine and pump the tank on a regular basis (at least once every three years) can help prevent blockages and buildup, allowing it to continue to run at peak levels for many years to come. Choosing a high-quality material may make a significant impact. While steel tanks are more susceptible to corrosion and malfunctioning, choosing a concrete, plastic, or fiberglass tank can make a significant difference. Effective Design – The manner in which a tank is placed (including its location) and the quality of the surrounding soil might have an impact on its life duration, because excessively wet circumstances can flood and block the leach field. Products Made Exclusively of Natural Ingredients -Cleaning chemicals and non-biodegradable materials can accumulate and choke pipes if not used properly. To avoid this, make sure that only water and garbage are disposed of in the tank. A moderate amount of use — A septic tank that is overworked will burn out more quickly, therefore finding strategies to reduce its workload will help it survive longer
Although conscientious homeowners may use these principles to predict the life expectancy of a septic tank, it is beneficial to plan for failure early in the process. In light of this, experts advise having cash set up for tank replacement by the time the tank reaches the age of 20. If it lasts for a longer period of time, that’s fantastic. If not, at the very least you were prepared. Please remember to call Palmetto Pumpers at 864-385-3933 to book an appointment if you reside in the Greenville or Anderson regions and require assistance with septic system installation, maintenance, or repair.
2012 South Carolina Code of Laws : Title 44 – Health : Chapter 55 – WATER, SEWAGE, WASTE DISPOSAL AND THE LIKE : Section 44-55-620 – Specifications, rules and regulations for septic tanks and their installation.
Specifications, rules, and regulations regulating septic tanks and their installation may be promulgated by the county board of health of any such county, which shall be consistent with authorized engineering standards in general and shall include the following standards and requirements in particular: (1) No septic tank shall be installed unless it has a net liquid capacity of at least two but not more than three times the width; (2) the length of each tank shall be at least two but not more than three times the width; (3) the uniform liquid depth of each tank shall be not less than two feet six inches; and (4) the theoretical detention period of each tank shall be not less than twenty-four hours based on the average daily flow.
HISTORY: Section 32-1262 of the Code of 1962; Section 32-1262 of the Code of 1952; Section 32-1262 of the Code of 1943 (43) 298.
South Carolina may be able to provide more up-to-date or accurate information.
Please refer to official sources for information.
Greenville Expert Septic Systems Blog
By Admin on November 12, 2020 Your efforts to live as environmentally conscious as possible, as a responsible homeowner, are likely already underway, with practices such as recycling, composting, and purchasing energy-efficient equipment among your list of accomplishments. As a septic tank owner, you want to be sure that anything you put into your tank and septic field is causing the least amount of ground contamination as is reasonably practicable. Fortunately, there are a number of modest improvements you can do immediately to make your septic system even more ecologically friendly than it already is.
- Have your septic tank inspected and pumped on a regular basis.
- A bigger septic tank with only a couple of people living in your house, for example, will not require pumping as frequently as a smaller septic tank or as a septic tank that must manage the waste products of multiple family members will require.
- When in doubt about how often to pump your septic tank, consult with a professional for advice.
- In addition to locating and repairing any damage, a professional can ensure that the septic field is in good working order and that your septic tank is functional, large enough to handle your family’s waste, and not causing any unwanted pollution in nearby ground water.
- Avoid flushing non-biodegradable items down the toilet or down the toilet.
- Items that are not biodegradable are unable to properly decompose in the septic tank and might cause the system to get clogged.
- In addition to causing issues in your house, septic system backups can damage ground water in the area surrounding your septic field.
Towels made of paper Products for feminine hygiene Grease or fats are used in cooking.
grinds from a cup of coffee Even if you have a trash disposal, the food scraps that you flush down the drain and bring into your septic system may cause unanticipated harm to your plumbing system.
Food scraps can enhance the amounts of nitrogen and phosphorus in the wastewater, which can disturb the natural bacterial balance of the septic tank, among other things.
Water conservation should be practiced.
Exceedingly large amounts of water use will interfere with the normal flow of wastewater from your home into your septic tank.
Limiting the amount of time you spend in the shower and turning off the faucet while brushing your teeth, as well as purchasing a smaller dishwasher and washing machine that use less water, are all simple strategies to reduce water use in your home.
The following are some basic steps you can take to make your septic system more ecologically friendly: save water, maintain your septic system and tank, and recycle wastewater. To get answers to any of your septic tank-related issues, get in touch with the experts at Upstate Septic Tank, LLC.
WHAT HAPPENS IF YOU DON’T PUMP YOUR SEPTIC TANK?
Written by Admin on November 12th, 2020. Your efforts to live as environmentally conscious as possible, as a responsible homeowner, are likely already underway, with practices such as recycling, composting, and purchasing energy-efficient equipment among your priorities. As a septic tank owner, you want to be sure that anything you put into your tank and septic field is causing the least amount of ground contamination as is reasonably feasible. Fortunately, there are a number of minor adjustments you can do immediately to make your septic system even more ecologically friendly, beginning now.
- Make sure your septic tank is inspected and pumped at least once every three years.
- For example, if you have a larger septic tank and only a couple of people living in your house, your septic tank will not require pumping as frequently as a smaller septic tank or a septic tank that must manage the waste products of multiple family members.
- When in doubt about how often to pump your septic tank, consult with a professional for advice.
- This is true regardless of how old or large your tank is.
- Non-biodegradable items should not be flushed down the toilet.
- Objects that are not biodegradable are unable to properly decompose in the septic tank and may cause the system to clog.
- In addition to causing problems in your house, backups have the potential to damage ground water in the vicinity of your septic field.
Products for female hygiene Ghee, lard, or other oils Litter for cats grinds from a coffee maker If you have a trash disposal, the food scraps you dispose of down the drain and into your septic system may cause unanticipated harm to your septic system as well.
Additional to this, the food scraps enhance the amounts of nitrogen and phosphorus in the wastewater, which might disrupt the normal bacteria balance in the septic tank.
It’s more environmentally friendly.
Cutting back on water consumption is one of the most straightforward methods to save money while also protecting the environment and keeping your septic system from being damaged.
Your tank will ultimately fill too rapidly as a result of this, and the layer of waste floating on top of the tank will be pushed into the septic field and, eventually, into the groundwater surrounding your field.
It is possible to make your septic system more ecologically friendly in a variety of ways, ranging from water conservation to regular maintenance of your septic system and tank. To get answers to any of your septic tank-related issues, reach out to the experts at Upstate Septic Tank, LLC.
Perc Test in NC – What is it?
What is a Perc Test and how does it work? It is possible to test a soil’s ability to absorb a known volume of water over time using the Perc Test (also known as the Percolation Test). It was typical practice in North Carolina in the early 1980s to utilize this procedure to determine whether or not a particular site was acceptable for a septic drain field. Several factors contributed to the discontinuation of this technique of testing in North Carolina. The early analyses and design of onsite wastewater systems did not take into account other aspects affecting the soil’s physical characteristics.
Many areas along the coast have soils with a high sand concentration and permeability ranging from moderate to fast, which makes them ideal for coastal development.
Method of evaluating in the modern era In North Carolina and South Carolina, the Perc test has evolved into a process known as “Soil Evaluation,” which stands for “Soil Evaluation.” In this approach, field observations of soil physical attributes are made, including the soil’s color and structure, as well as the texture and position of the landscape, as well as other horizontal setbacks from ecologically sensitive locations, water supply features, and other wastewater fields.
- The present approach has been in use under current regulations since the early 1990s, and it has shown to be effective in terms of creating better-functioning wastewater dispersal fields that can treat wastewater effectively throughout the year.
- A large number of individuals acquire and sell land.
- When an examination has been completed and it is determined that the site is appropriate for onsite wastewater treatment, a seller’s ability to sell a property may be enhanced significantly.
- Unlike official county permit evaluations, independent consultant assessments do not need the same amount of site preparation as official county permit evaluations, and they may frequently be completed considerably more quickly.
- In addition to 404 Wetlands and Coastal Wetlands, Foundation Testing and Phase I Evaluations are all possible options for your project.
- It is critical to ensure that your subject property has the capacity to handle the wastewater flow required to achieve your project objectives.
- In order to verify that the location has the ability to meet your objectives, it is always advisable to incorporate this study throughout the due diligence stage.
As the best Environmental Consulting Firm in Wilmington, North Carolina and the surrounding region, we ensure that all of our duties are carried out in a safe and professional manner at all times. To talk with a member of our educated team, please call or click today!
What to Do If Your Septic System Fails
The majority of septic systems fail as a result of faulty design or inadequate maintenance practices. On certain locations with inadequate or unsuitable soils, excessive slopes, or high ground water tables, soil-based systems (those with a drain field) are erected whereas others (those without) are not. Hydraulic failures and pollution of neighboring water sources are possible outcomes of these situations. Regular maintenance, such as pumping the septic tank on a regular basis (usually every three to five years), can prevent sediments in the tank from migrating into the drain field and clogging the system.
Whom to contact if you have problems with your septic system
Contact a local septic system service provider, your local health department, or the regulatory agency in charge of onsite wastewater treatment systems. You may look up the phone number for your local health department online or in your phone book to find out more information. Find a professional in your region by searching online searchable databases of installers and septic system service providers:
- The National Onsite Wastewater Recycling Association’s Septic Locator
- The National Association of Wastewater Technicians
- And the National Association of Onsite Wastewater Recycling Association
What to do if your home floods
It is important not to come into direct touch with sewage if it has backed up into your home from your plumbing fittings or onsite system since it may contain hazardous bacteria. For further information, speak with your local health department or regulatory body. Personnel involved in cleanup should be outfitted in safety gear (e.g., long rubber gloves, face splash shields). Immediately following the completion of the cleanup, carefully wash all of the equipment, tools, and clothing that were used during the cleanup, as well as the flooded area.
The area should be totally dried out and not utilized for at least 24 hours after it has been entirely dried off.
- Visit the Environmental Protection Agency’s website. Flooding and Septic Systems: What to Do After the Flood
- See also The Following Questions and Answers Regarding Septic Systems: What to Do After a Flood
To learn more about the Environmental Protection Agency, go to their website. Flooding and Septic Systems: What to Do After a Flood; see also Questions and Answers about Septic Systems – What to Do After a Flood;
Whom to contact for information on septic systems
Those seeking technical support can contact the National Environmental Services Center’s technical assistance hotline at (800) 624-8301 or (304) 293-4191, which is available toll-free.