# In Nys What Size Septic Tank Is Needed For 4 Bedroom House?

Septic Tank in Gallons Size Based on Number of Bedrooms
Number of bedrooms Minimum Septic Tank Capacity (Gallons) Minimum Septic Tank Liquid Surface Area (sq.ft.)
0 bedrooms 750 gal. (2) – obsolete in NYS
1, 2, or 3 bedrooms 1,000 gallons 27 sq.ft.
4 bedrooms 1,200 gallons 34 sq.ft.

2

• A 1-2 bedroom house requires 750 gallons septic tank A 3 bedroom house requires 1000 gallons septic tank A 4 bedroom house requires 1200 gallons septic tank A 5-6 bedroom house requires 1500 gallons septic tank The Number of Occupants The higher the number of individuals in your house, the larger your septic tank has to be.

## What determines how big a septic tank a house needs?

The larger your home, the larger the septic tank you’re going to need. For instance, a house smaller than 1,500 square feet usually requires a 750 to 1,000-gallon tank. On the other hand, a bigger home of approximately 2,500 square feet will need a bigger tank, more than the 1,000-gallon range.

## How do I figure out how much septic tank I need?

Space above liquid level is 0.3m depth. So the volume of space above liquid level is 2.76m2 X 0.3 = 0.828m3. Hence, total volume of septic tank for 20 person with a sludge clearance period of one year is = 0.828 + 0.64 + 1.46 + 0.828 = 3.756 m3.

## How often does a 2000 gallon holding tank need to be pumped?

How often does my holding tank need to be pumped? A holding tank may need to be pumped every 30 to 90 days depending on how much waste is generated and the size of the tank.

## Is a 500 gallon septic tank big enough?

The minimum tank size for a three bedroom house is 1200 gallons. 500 or 750 gallon tanks used to be quite common in old houses, but they are not large enough for modern households, and are from a time without automatic washers, large spa tub, dishwashers, or multiple daily showers.

## How do I calculate the size of my septic drain field?

Drainfield Size

1. The size of the drainfield is based on the number of bedrooms and soil characteristics, and is given as square feet.
2. For example, the minimum required for a three bedroom house with a mid range percolation rate of 25 minutes per inch is 750 square feet.

## How deep should a septic tank be?

Septic tanks are typically rectangular in shape and measure approximately 5 feet by 8 feet. In most cases, septic tank components including the lid, are buried between 4 inches and 4 feet underground.

## How long do septic tanks last?

A septic system’s lifespan should be anywhere from 15 to 40 years. How long the system lasts depends on a number of factors, including construction material, soil acidity, water table, maintenance practices, and several others.

## How do I know how big is my septic tank?

One way to find out the size of your septic tank is through records kept from when the tank was installed. These records could be with the previous owner of your home. Another way to identify the tank size is to talk with the last company that serviced/pumped your tank.

## What’s the difference between a septic system and a holding tank?

HOLDING TANKS ARE DIFFERENT FROM SEPTIC TANKS However, instead of releasing treated wastewater into the ground through a drainfield, the holding tank temporarily stores the effluent for removal and transportation to a treatment facility.

## How big should a septic tank be for a 3 bedroom house?

The correct size of the septic tank depends mostly on the square footage of the house and the number of people living there. Most residential septic tanks range in size from 750 gallons to 1,250 gallons. An average 3-bedroom home, less than 2500 square feet will probably require a 1000 gallon tank.

## What size are sewage holding tanks?

Underground septic tanks are available in sizes ranging from 200 gallons up to 1500 gallons. An inlet and outlet may be added to tanks sized 200 gallons to 500 gallons for \$75.00.

## Title: Appendix 75-A.6 – Septic tanks and Enhanced Treatment Units

Septic tanks and Enhanced Treatment Units are covered under Section 75-A.6. (a) Overarching information. (1) The capacity of a septic tank is determined by the number of bedrooms in a family. (2) An extension attic will be treated as if it were a second bedroom in the house. Table 3 outlines the minimum septic tank capacities as well as the minimum liquid surface areas for a septic tank. NOTE: For households with more than six bedrooms, the tank size requirements should be determined by multiplying the number of bedrooms by 250 gallons and seven square feet of surface area for each additional bedroom.

(2) Septic tank lids must be easily accessible at all times.

Extending collars must not be brought flush with the ground surface unless the cover can be fastened in place to prevent tampering with the installation.

(b) Conceptualization and implementation.

1. The following is applicable to all septic tanks, regardless of their construction material.
2. The maximum depth for determining the authorized design capacity of a tank should be 60 inches in height and width combined.
3. (ii) There must be a minimum of six feet between the input and outflow of the system.
4. The effective length of rectangular tanks should not be less than two times the effective width, nor should it be higher than four times.
5. Following installation, all septic tanks must be capable of supporting at least 300 pounds per square foot of ground surface (psf).
6. If the liquid depth of the tank does not exceed 48 inches, the tank’s top opening must be at least 12 inches in the shortest dimension to meet the requirements of this section.
7. In all tanks, outlet designs such as gas deflection baffles are strongly suggested.

The distance between the outlet baffle and the outlet must not be more than six inches in either direction.

For the purpose of allowing for the venting of tank gases, there should be at least one inch clearance between the bottom of the tank’s top and the top of all baffles, partitions, and/or tees.

(vii) Tanks must be set on a bed of sand or pea gravel that is at least three inches deep.

It is also necessary to adhere to any additional instructions supplied by the manufacturer.

(ix) Garbage grinders are machines that grind garbage.

In addition, a gas deflection baffle or other suitable outlet modification, as well as a dual compartment tank or two tanks in series, are required.

I Dual compartments are suggested for all tanks and shall be needed on all tanks having an interior length of ten feet or more.

A minimum of 60 – 75 percent of the total design capacity must be accounted for by the first compartment or tank (on the intake side).

A four-inch vertical slot at least 18 inches wide, a six-inch elbow, or two 4-inch elbows positioned below the liquid level at a distance equal to one-third the distance between the invert of the outlet and the bottom of the tank should be used to link the compartments.

A single pipe with a minimum diameter of four inches should be used to link tanks that are connected in series.

If the design has been verified by a New York licensed professional engineer as meeting with all necessary standards for thin-wall construction, the wall thickness must be at least three inches in thickness.

For watertightness, all joints below the liquid level must be checked before backfilling; joints above the liquid level must be examined after backfilling for watertightness before backfilling.

Tanks made of fiberglass and polyethylene are also available.

I (ii) Special care must be taken during the installation, bedding, and backfilling of these units to ensure that the tank walls are not damaged.

(3) All tanks should be sold by the manufacturer entirely built, unless the manufacturer specifies otherwise.

Standard UL-70 or a similar standard.

ETUs must be labeled to indicate that they meet the requirements for a Class I unit as defined in the National Sanitation Foundation (NSF) International Standard 40 or an equivalent testing procedure.

(b) ETUs should include an effluent filtering mechanism as part of the produced product or an effluent filter with a marking indicating conformity with NSF Standard 46 or an equivalent placed on the system outlet prior to discharge to the absorption area, whichever is the case.

(d) When one of the following scenarios exists, absorption areas receiving ETU effluent may be built with a 33 percent decrease in the total absorption trench length given in Table 4A or as computed from Table 4B.

It is only permissible to utilize the trench length reduction method for traditional absorption trench systems and shallow absorption trench systems, respectively.

When a property is located inside the New York City Watershed, the trench length decrease indicated in clause 75A.6(b)(6)(ii)(d) above is not applicable.

## What Size Septic Tank Do I Need

The size of an underground septic tank is referred to as its total volume handling capacity in this article, and it will be discussed in further detail later in this article. For additional information on above-ground septic tanks and systems, see our page on above-ground septic tanks. The minimum septic tank capacity requirements are determined by a variety of variables. State, county, and/or city regulations may specify permitted tank sizes, as well as tank materials and installation.

The size of the septic tank will vary depending on whether it is intended for domestic or commercial usage; in this section, we will cover residential use.

Shortly stated, the required size of a septic tank will be determined by the following factors: (1) the specific septic system type; (2) local government requirements; (3) the compatibility of the ground geology; and (4) the anticipated volume of wastewater depending on the size of the residence.

However, this is not true.

Furthermore, plastic septic tanks will not corrode, are weatherproof, are waterproof, are less expensive, are lighter, and are easier to build.

## 1) The Specific Septic System Type

There are seven different types of septic tank systems, and the size of the tank required will vary depending on the system you choose. The scope of this article does not allow for a comprehensive discussion of each system type and its associated size requirements. We are referring to traditional gravity-fed anaerobic septic systems in this context when we say “system type.” The anaerobic septic system is the most prevalent type of septic system, and it is the one that most people think of when they imagine a septic tank.

1. The following systems are available: conventional, gravity-fed, anaerobic systems
2. Above-ground septic systems
3. Pressure systems
4. Anaerobic systems
5. Mound systems
6. Recirculating sand or gravel filters systems
7. Bottomless sand filters systems

The following systems are available: conventional, gravity-fed, anaerobic systems; above-ground septic systems; pressure systems; anaerobic systems; mound systems; recirculating sand or gravel filters systems; bottomless sand filters systems.

## 2) Local Government Regulations

The laws for septic tanks imposed by local governments vary greatly across the United States. In part, this is due to the significantly diverse soil geography and water features that exist from state to state and can even differ by a few miles in some cases. In order to determine the appropriate septic tank size and the best position on the land for installation, it is essential to consult with local government rules first. Take, for example, theWastewater Treatment Standards – Residential Onsite Systemsdocument from the New York State Department of Health, which provides a comprehensive informational overview of codes, rules, and regulations frequently promulgated by governing bodies, as well as common terminology and definitions in the industry.

## 3) Suitability of the Ground Geology

The subterranean soil type has a significant impact on the efficacy of the system and, consequently, the size of the septic tank. This topic is highly tied to the rules of the local government. In most cases, it is related to the standards and recommendations of a designated authority that regulates septic tank installations, which is typically the department of health. In order to determine whether or not the ground is suitable for a septic tank system, a trained specialist must come out to the prospective installation site and conduct a series of tests.

A perc test will assess whether or not the subterranean soil is capable of handling and filtering septic tank effluent in an appropriate manner.

Whether you are hiring an experienced professional or doing it yourself, it is your obligation to contact your local oversight agency and arrange for perc tests and/or ground area evaluations to be performed.

## 4) The Expected Volume of Wastewater

The typical amount of wastewater that will be generated and that the septic tank will be able to manage is the most essential factor in determining the size of the septic tank that is required. In a home with simply a septic system, all wastewater is disposed of in the septic tank unless a separate system for managing greywater is in place to handle the waste. In order to calculate and approximate these values for residential dwellings, business structures, and facilities, extensive study has been carried out.

Starting with a 1000-gallon septic tank for residential usage, the advice is to go from there.

Some experts propose adding an additional 250 gallons of septic tank capacity for each additional bedroom over three bedrooms.

This is frequently the case when considering the situation collectively for the entire household rather than individually.

This article has demonstrated that septic tank recommendations are extremely diverse and depend on a variety of factors like where you reside, local government rules, subterranean soil type, house size, and the amount of wastewater that your unique home is predicted to produce.

### Minimum Septic Tank Capacity Table

For further information on the minimum septic tank capacity dependent on the number of residential bedrooms, please see the following table:

Number of Bedrooms Minimum Septic Tank Size Minimum Liquid Surface Area Drainfield Size
2 or less 1000 – 1500 Gallons 27 Sq. Ft. 800 – 2500 Sq. Ft.
3 1000 – 2000 Gallons 27 Sq. Ft. 1000 – 2880 Sq. Ft.
4 1250 – 2500 Gallons 34 Sq. Ft. 1200 – 3200 Sq. Ft.
5 1500 – 3000 Gallons 40 Sq. Ft. 1600 – 3400 Sq. Ft.
6 1750 – 3500 Gallons 47 Sq. Ft. 2000 – 3800 Sq. Ft.

The following table contains information on the minimum septic tank capacity based on the number of residential bedrooms in a house or apartment:

• As defined by the State of New York, the Minimum Liquid Surface Area is the surface area given for the liquid by the tank’s width and length measurements. The range of Drainfield Sizes is depending on the kind of groundwater present. The State of Michigan provides the above-mentioned drainfield recommendations, which might vary greatly depending on local standards and terrain.

### Additional Thought: Can a Septic Tank Be Too Big?

In the absence of consideration for cost, it is reasonable to ask: “Can a septic tank be too large?” The answer is a resounding nay. As long as the septic tank is placed appropriately, it is impossible for a septic tank to be too large; the only thing that can happen is that it is too little. According to the majority of suggestions, constructing a larger-capacity septic tank is frequently the safer and more preferable solution. The following are the reasons behind this:

1. With a bigger septic tank, you can adapt for changes in household consumption, such as those caused by parties or long-term guests. In the event that your family grows in size or you want to make improvements to your house, such as adding more bedrooms and bathrooms or installing new plumbing fixtures, having a bigger septic tank can save you the expense of installing a new tank.

## Takeaways | What Size Septic Tank Do I Need

The septic tank size recommendations offered here are merely that: suggestions. They are built on a foundation of information gathered from government and academic sources. The actual size of the septic tank you require will vary depending on the factors discussed in this article. There is no “one-size-fits-all” solution when it comes to determining the appropriate septic tank size for your property. There is a great deal of variation depending on where you reside. With addition to providing a basic insight into the septic tank and system size that may be most suited to your application, the providedMinimum Septic Tank Capacity Tablecan also assist in cost estimations.

Before beginning any septic tank installation project, check and double-check with the state, city, or local county’s agency that is in charge of septic tanks, soil testing, and permissions.

If you’re searching for a chart of tank sizes, have a look at our page on the many sizes and quantities of septic tanks available.

They are available in both single chamber and double chamber designs.

## Septic System Design & Build Regulations & Specifications: Examples based on New York State Regulations

• Send us a question or comment regarding septic system design requirements and regulations by filling out the form below.

InspectAPedia does not allow any form of conflict of interest. The sponsors, goods, and services described on this website are not affiliated with us in any way. Septic system design requirements and regulations include the following: In this article series, we will use the New York State wastewater treatment standard for individual household septic systems (Appendix 75-A) to demonstrate how to design and install state-regulated septic systems, including conventional tank and leach field systems as well as alternative septic system designs such as raised septic systems, septic mound systems, intermittent sand filter septic systems, and evaportion-transpiration septic systems.

The following section provides an overview of the complete septic system design specificationsregulations process, with hyperlinks to particular specialized subjects.

For this topic, we also have anARTICLE INDEX available, or you may check the top or bottom of the page. Use the SEARCH BOX to discover the information you’re looking for quickly.

## Example Septic System Design RegulationsDesign Specifications

BASICS OF SEPTIC SYSTEM DESIGN may be found here. ln order to get a description of the characteristics and attributes of the most typical septic systems, including tank and drainfield designs, soilperc tests, septic tank pumping tables, septic system treatment chemicals, and steep slope system designs. SEPTIC SYSTEM DESIGN ALTERNATIVES provides a description of alternative septic system designers, products, and design specifications, including cesspools, disinfection systems, evaporation/transpiration, filters, fixed film gravelless, greywater, holding tanks, lagoons, media filters, mound septic designs, outhouses, peat filters, pressure dosing, raised beds, sequencing batch, steep slope, toilet alternatives, vegetated submerged beds, and wetland

### Septic System Design CodesRegulations Articles

• SEPTICSEWAGE TREATMENT REGULATIONS, OTHER
• SEPTIC SOILPERC TESTS
• U.K. OFF-GRID SEPTIC REGULATIONSSEWAGE SYSTEMS
• U.S. SEPTIC AUTHORITIESDESIGN SPECIFICATIONS
• SEPTICSEWAGE TREATMENT REGULATIONS, OTHER
• S
• THE DESIGN OF SEPTIC SYSTEMS
• SEPTIC SYSTEM DESIGN: INTRODUCTION
• SEWAGE FLOW DESIGN FLOW ESTIMATES
• SOILSITE EVALUATION FOR SEPTIC SYSTEMS
• SEWER LINE SPECIFICATIONS
• SEPTIC DELIVERY LINE DESIGN SPECIFICATIONS
• SEPTIC DISTRIBUTION LINES, BOXES, AND TYPES: GRAVITY, PRESSURE
• SEPTIC CONSULTANTS, DESIGNERS, AND ENGINEERS
• SEPTIC DRAWINGS
• SEPTIC SOILPERC TESTS
• SEPTIC
• PERC HOLE SPECIFICATIONS
• PERC TEST STANDARDS
• SOAKBED SOIL CONDITIONS
• SOILSITE EVALUATION FOR SEPTIC SYSTEMS
• PERC HOLE SPECIFICATIONS
• PERC
• ALTERNATIVES TO SEPTIC SYSTEM DESIGN – Home
• SEPTIC SYSTEM DESIGN BASICS – Home
• SEPTIC SYSTEM DESIGN GUIDELINES – Online e
• SEPTIC DESIGN MANUAL – Online e
• SEPTIC SYSTEM DESIGN GUIDELINES SEPTICREFERENCES
• ALTERNATIVE DESIGN SEPTIC SYSTEM SUPPLIERS
• SEPTIC TANK PUMPING SCHEDULE
• TREATMENT LEVELS, WASTEWATER
• TYPES OF SEPTIC SYSTEMS-master list
• WATER QUANTITY USAGE TABLES
• SEPTICREFERENCES
• SEPTIC TANK PUMPING SCHE

Ken The final legal authority on any code concern is always the local building code compliance officer, whose word is final and conclusive in all matters pertaining to the code. However, in most jurisdictions, new work is performed in accordance with current code; “repair” of a leach field, such as the replacement of a damaged pipe, should not be considered a code violation. However, “repair” of a failing leachfield really entails the installation of a new one, which will have to comply with current requirements.

Agreed On Long Island, New York, we adhere to the International Building Code, which stipulates venting requirements for each fixture in the building (shower sink toilet etc).

These vents can be used separately or in combination to provide a single roof or side wall penetration (attic) Dee Local plumbing rules or building standards, which may or may not be fashioned after the Uniform Mechanical Code, may state fairly precisely the criteria for effective venting of the building drain system, depending on where you reside.

1. See NOISES FROM PLUMBING VENTS IN THE HOME AND PLUMBING VENT CODES When it comes to venting plumbing in homes such that no SEPTIC GASES infiltrate or vent into the residence, is there a code in place?
2. However, every time anything drained, we could smell the fumes.
3. No matter how much I air the house out, everyone in our home suffers from constant uppwr respiratory infections.
4. I was told that my husband, who has two leukemias, had acquired double pneumonia and was admitted to the hospital in September.
5. Due to the fact that the older generation does not feel there are any rules or codes that demand specific VENTING of plumbing to the outside of the basement ONLY venting is NO LONGER permissible as a consequence of such health risks as this, there is a conflict between the two generations.
6. What is the minimum size of a tank IOC for a three-bedroom residence in Erie County, Pennsylvania?
7. In accordance with Appendix 75-A, is it necessary to treat “grey” water through a home’s septic system, or may that water be routed to a different system entirely?

Continue reading at DESIGN OF SEPTIC SYSTEMS: INTRODUCTION Alternatively, choose a topic from the closely related articles listed below, or browse the entireARTICLE INDEX. Alternatively, consider the following:

#### Recommended Articles

• SEPTIC SYSTEM DESIGN ALTERNATIVES-home
• SEPTIC SYSTEM DESIGN BASICS-home
• CONTACT INFORMATION FOR THE NEW YORK STATE HEALTH DEPARTMENT-home
• NEW YORK STATE HEALTH DEPARTMENT CONTACT INFORMATIONDIRECTORY

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#### INDEX to RELATED ARTICLES:ARTICLE INDEX to SEPTIC SYSTEMS

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## Septic Tank Size: What Size Septic Tank Do You Need?

Septic tanks are used for wastewater disposal and are located directly outside your home. Private wastewater management is becoming increasingly popular in the United States, with more than 30 percent of newly constructed residences incorporating on-site wastewater management. Do you require septic tank installation and are unsure of the amount of septic tank you require? When establishing a septic tank, the most important element to consider is the type and size of septic tank that you will be installing.

A number of factors influence the size of a septic tank, which are discussed in this article.

## Basics of Septic Tanks

Your septic system is a self-contained chamber that is designed to retain the wastewater generated by your home. A septic system is comprised of two major components: the soil absorption area or drain, and the holding tank. Septic tanks absorb solid waste when wastewater is discharged into them, resulting in the formation of an asludge layer at the septic tank’s base. A layer of soap residue, grease, and oil forms on the top of the water. The effluent or wastewater is contained within the intermediate layer.

To discover more about how a septic tank works, check out our page that goes into further detail on how a septic tank functions.

## The Main Types of Septic Tanks

Before you start thinking about septic tank sizes, it’s important to understand the many types of septic tanks that exist.

• Septic tanks made of fiberglass
• Septic tanks made of plastic
• Septic tanks made of concrete

Concrete septic tanks are the most prevalent variety, but since they are so massive, you will need big and expensive equipment to build them. Fiberglass and plastic septic tanks are lighter than concrete and are therefore more suited for difficult-to-reach and distant locations.

Before purchasing a septic tank, you should check with your local building department to learn about the rules and guidelines governing private wastewater management. You may also be interested in:Do you have a septic tank?

## Why Septic Tank Sizes is Important

If the capacity of your home’s septic tank is insufficient to satisfy your requirements, it will be unable to handle the volume of wastewater generated by your home. As a result, a wide range of annoying difficulties can arise, including bad smells, floods, and clogs. Nonetheless, the most common consequence of a septic tank that is too small is that the pressure that builds up will cause the water to be released before it has had a chance to be properly cleaned. This suggests that the solid waste in the septic tank will not be sufficiently broken down, and will thus accumulate more quickly, increasing the likelihood of overflows and blockages in the system.

A septic tank that is too large will not function properly if it does not get the required volume of wastewater to operate.

## What Determines Septic Sizes?

A septic tank that is too small for your home’s requirements will not be able to handle the volume of wastewater generated by your residence. This can result in a variety of annoying situations, including bad smells, floods, and clogs. While a septic tank that is too small can have some negative consequences, the most common one is that the rising pressure will force the water to be released before it has had a chance to be properly cleaned. Therefore, the solid waste in the septic tank will not be sufficiently broken down and will accumulate more quickly, increasing the likelihood of overflows and blockages.

Septic tanks that are too large will not function properly unless they are supplied with an adequate volume of wastewater to operate on.

Bacteria aid in the breakdown of solid waste in septic tanks and are produced by the bacteria in your septic tank.

The most accurate and practical method of estimating the appropriate septic tank size for your property is to calculate the quantity of water you use on a regular basis. The size of the septic tank required is determined by the amount of water that can be held in it before being drained into the soil absorption field. In many places of the United States, the smallest capacity of septic tank that may be installed is 1,000 gallons or less. The following are the suggested septic tank sizes for your household, which are based on your household’s entire water use.

• Making an estimate of how much water you use on your property is the most dependable and effective technique to determine the appropriate septic tank size. Depending on how much water it can contain and how much will be discharged into the soil absorption area, the size of your septic tank will be determined. Septic tanks must be at least 1,000 gallons in capacity in several regions of the United States. The following are the suggested septic tank sizes based on the total amount of water used by your household.
See also:  How Long Should A Septic Tank Motor Run? (Solution found)

### Consider the Size of Your Property

Another factor to consider when determining the most appropriate septic tank size for your home is the square footage of your home. The size of your home will determine the size of the septic tank you will require.

For example, a dwelling with less than 1,500 square feet typically requires a tank that holds 750 to 1,000 gallons. On the other side, a larger home of around 2,500 square feet will require a larger tank, one that is more than the 1,000-gallon capacity.

### The Number of Bedrooms Your Property Has

An additional issue to consider is the amount of bedrooms in your home, which will influence the size of your septic tank. The size of your septic tank is proportional to the number of bedrooms on your home. The following table lists the appropriate septic tank sizes based on the number of bedrooms.

• In general, a 1-2 bedroom house will require a 500 gallon septic tank
• A 3 bedroom house will demand 1000 gallon septic tank
• A 4 bedroom house will require 1200 gallon septic tank
• And a 5-6 bedroom house would require a 1500 gallon septic tank.

### The Number of Occupants

In general, the greater the number of people that live in your home, the larger your septic tank must be. In the case of a two-person household, a modest septic tank will be necessary. If your house has more than five tenants, on the other hand, you will want a larger septic tank in order to handle your wastewater more effectively and hygienically. When determining what size septic tank to purchase, it is important to remember that the size of your septic tank determines the overall effectiveness of your septic system.

As a result, it is critical that you examine septic tank sizes in order to pick the most appropriate alternative for your property in order to avoid these difficulties.

## How Big of a Septic Tank Do I Need?

The size and kind of tank required for a new septic system are the two most important considerations to make before beginning the installation process. Private sewage disposal is becoming increasingly popular in the United States, with 33 percent of newly constructed residences choosing for on-site wastewater treatment as part of their construction. Septic tank systems, in conjunction with a soil absorption system, or a drain field, are the least costly way of treating residential wastewater currently available on the market.

• The typical size of a home septic tank is from 750 gallons to 1,250 gallons in capacity.
• The system is made up of two major components: the tank and the drain, often known as the soil absorption field or drain field.
• Oil, grease, and soap residue combine to form the scum layer on the surface of the water.
• With each filling of the tank, the effluent drains out of the tank and into the drain field, where it is absorbed by the earth.
• Septic tanks are commonly utilized in residential construction and can be classified into three categories.
• Polyethylene and fiberglass are one-piece products that are significantly lighter than steel.
• In order to determine whether or not you need a septic tank system, check with your local building department to see what laws and requirements apply to onsite wastewater treatment.
• The square footage of the property, the number of bedrooms, and the number of people who will be living there are all important considerations.
• Septic tanks for one and two bedroom homes that are less than 1,500 square feet and 1,000 gallon septic tanks for three bedroom homes that are less than 2,500 square feet are recommended.
• The figures listed above are only estimates.
• Before acquiring a septic tank system, speak with a professional plumbing contractor who is licensed in your region about the many septic tank alternatives that are available to you.

Get in touch with the Pink Plumber right away if you have any queries or concerns about your septic tank. Image courtesy of Flickr OUR EXPERT PLUMBERS ARE AVAILABLE TO HELP YOU.

## Reclaim Our Water > Septic Improvement Program

Cesspool and septic system nitrogen pollution has been recognized as the most significant single source of poor water quality, contributing to beach closures, shellfishing restrictions, toxic algal blooms, and catastrophic fish fatalities. Traditional onsite septic systems were never intended to remove nitrogen from the environment. Each year, the average household septic system releases around 40 pounds of nitrogen into the surrounding environment. For residents in Suffolk County who live near surface waters, nitrogen may quickly reach surface waters, where it adds to the erosion of our marshes, bays, and beaches, causing them to deteriorate.

• The sewage system will never connect to thousands of properties that are now served by toxic cesspools and septic systems, and will never be connected to one.
• Over the course of several years, Suffolk County has aggressively prepared the groundwork for the eventual use of these new technologies.
• Homeowners who choose to replace their cesspool or septic system with one of the new technologies will be eligible for a grant of up to \$30,000 from Suffolk County and New York State to help cover the cost of one of the new systems, as part of the Reclaim Our Water Septic Improvement Program.
• With financial backing from Bridgehampton National Bank in the amount of \$1 million and financial commitments from various charitable institutions, the loan program will be handled by Community Development Corporation of Long Island Funding Corp.
• Costs will be determined on an individual case-by-case basis.

#### Grant Eligibility Criteria:

Nitrogen pollution from cesspools and septic systems has been recognized as the most significant single source of poor water quality, contributing to beach closures, shellfishing restrictions, toxic algal blooms, and catastrophic fish kills across the country. Traditional onsite septic systems were never intended to be nitrogen-removing systems. Annual nitrogen outflow from a typical home septic system is roughly 40 pounds per system. For residents in Suffolk County who live near surface waters, nitrogen may quickly reach surface waters, where it adds to the erosion of our marshes, bays, and beaches, causing them to deteriorate further.

• The sewage system will never connect to thousands of plots that are now served by toxic cesspools and septic tanks.
• This has been accomplished by Suffolk County over the course of several years, which has aggressively prepared the county for the implementation of these new technologies.
• Homeowners who choose to replace their cesspool or septic system with one of the new technologies will be eligible for a grant of up to \$30,000 from Suffolk County and New York State to help cover the cost of one of the new systems, as part of the Reclaim our Water Septic Improvement Program.
• With financial backing from Bridgehampton National Bank in the amount of \$1 million and financial pledges from various charitable institutions, the loan program will be handled by the Community Development Corporation of Long Island Funding Corp.

Each situation is unique, and costs will vary accordingly. For further information on expected vendor expenses and costs connected with owning an I/A OWTS, please see the documents located under “Cost Information” on the right side panel.

• There must be a septic system or cesspool serving the home
• The residence cannot be linked to a sewer system or be located within a planned sewer district. Construction on vacant lots is not eligible
• New construction is not eligible. A real property tax lien is not now owed on the property or is not currently open. a valid certificate of occupancy (CO) or a similar document issued by the local town or village
• And Providing proof of income (each property owner must give a copy of their most recent federal income tax return).

We would like to point you that, in order to complete the application process, you will be needed to provide the papers listed below:

• Please keep in mind that you will be needed to provide the following papers in order to complete the application process: