- When we see a baffle is missing, we look at the bottom of the tank when it is pumped to see if the baffle fell off. If a baffle is missing but it’s not laying at the bottom of the tank, then it’s a safe assumption that it was never installed. It’s unfortunate that we find that quite often!
Do all septic tanks have baffles?
Every septic tank contains two baffles, one at the inlet and one at the outlet.
Does a septic tank need an inlet baffle?
Inlet baffles are needed for proper performance of the septic tank. Raw sewage from the residence is directed by the baffle downward into the middle zone of the septic tank. This means the effluent follows a tortuous path through the tank, which provides the necessary detention time for the larger solids to settle out.
How much does it cost to replace a baffle in a septic tank?
Repairing a baffle costs $300 to $900 on average. You may pay more if it’s tough to access. The baffle helps to prevent buildup in the incoming or outgoing pipes of the tank.
How long do septic baffles last?
Inspectapedia estimates that a steel tank baffles will rust out in 15 to 20 years and may collapse if driven over, but a concrete tank will last 40 years or more as long as the wastewater is not acidic. It’s important to consider the life expectancy of a drain-field, too.
Can septic tank baffles be replaced?
If septic tank baffles are lost or damaged (rusted off on a steel tank or broken off on a concrete tank), they can be repaired or replaced. Baffles in a septic tank are provided to keep solids and floating scum and grease inside the tank.
Do all septic tanks have alarms?
All septic systems that use a pump to move wastewater from a septic pump tank to a drainfield or mound have an alarm installed in the house. The alarm goes off when wastewater is not being pumped from the septic pump tank to the drainfield or mound.
What do septic tank baffles do?
A septic tank should have baffles at both the inlet and outlet. The purpose of the inlet baffle is twofold: to direct flow from the house sewer downward into the tank to create a longer detention time for the sewage to allow settling of solids, and to keep the floating scum layer from plugging the inlet pipe.
How deep should a septic baffle be?
The inlet baffle should extend at least six inches below the invert of the pipe, but no more than 20% of the liquid depth. The outlet baffle should extend between 35 and 40% of the liquid depth.
How do I know if my septic tank is cracked?
Cracked Septic Tanks and the Environment
- The area around the septic tank is saturated.
- Dark water with a strong odor is present at the ground surface.
- Drainage from the house is extremely slow with frequent backups occurring in sinks and tubs.
- Toilets aren’t flushing properly.
How often should a 1000 gallon septic tank be pumped?
For example, a 1,000 gallon septic tank, which is used by two people, should be pumped every 5.9 years. If there are eight people using a 1,000-gallon septic tank, it should be pumped every year.
How many loads of laundry a day are safe to do with a septic tank?
Spread Out Laundry Loads These use less water which puts less stress on your septic system. Regardless of the type of appliance you have, you should still spread out your loads. Instead of doing several loads in one day, consider doing 1 load per day or space out 2 loads if you must do more in a single day.
3 THINGS TO KNOW ABOUT SEPTIC TANK BAFFLES
That feeling you get after flushing the toilet and nothing comes out is amazing, isn’t it? It might be amusing to hear your toilet gurgle or to hear your water flowing endlessly, but it can also be frightening to hear the water level climb as you watch it. In addition to being an unfavorable situation, plunging and cleaning up the subsequent mess entails a great deal of hard effort and elbow sweat. Clogs and backups can be caused by a foreign object being lodged in your pipe or by a clumsy move by your toilet.
Clogs can form inside your septic tank from time to time, causing blockages in the tank and drainage troubles to develop.
If we informed you that it was possible for you to repair it on your own?
Fixing Septic Tank Clogs is a simple process.
- In your search for solutions to unclog your septic tank, you may want to try things like slowly pouring hot water down the drain or pouring vinegar down your pipes to break up obstructions, to name a few options.
- In order to clear obstructions from your drain, you may need to use a professional drain cleaner that you pour down your drain.
- However, although these chemical cleaners will eat away at obstructions, they will also kill off beneficial bacteria in your tank, disrupting the delicate bacterial balance in your aquarium.
- Yes, the harmful bacteria will be eliminated, but the healthy bacteria will also be eliminated.
- With regard to drain cleaners, the best option is to select one that has concentrated bacteria and enzymes that will eat away at the dangerous bacteria and materials in your tank while simultaneously boosting the amount of helpful bacteria and enzymes in your system.
- When it comes to restoring your septic system, using a solution such as Septic Blast can really help.
- If you are patient, the product will begin to gently eat away at the obstructions in your tank, and it will take a long time.
- For the blockage to be completely removed, you may need to repeat this procedure every day for several days in a row.
- Your septic tank has now been cleansed and returned to its original condition of functioning.
It doesn’t get much simpler than this. When it comes to maintenance supplies and chemicals, we at Green Gobbler provide excellent options that will allow you to address your problems without negatively damaging the environment or your plumbing system. To get the work done now, call Septic Blast.
Tank Troubleshooting: Checking Inlet and Outlet Baffles
Receive articles, stories, and videos about septic tanks delivered directly to your email! Now is the time to sign up. Septic Tanks and More Receive Notifications When inspecting the septic tank, it is important to look at both the inlet and outflow baffles, as well as the location and manner in which the piping enters and exits the tank. In order to allow for the settling of solids in the tank and to avoid the “short-circuiting” of water and solids through the tank, inlet baffles must be installed to guide the flow into the tank downward.
- Solids, on the other hand, can often block the effluent screen if the input baffle is not in place or not performing as it should, resulting in either sewage backing up into the home or, preferable, an alarm signaling that the screen needs to be cleaned.
- Fixing the baffle and making sure it has the right submergence based on the depth of the tank is preferable in the long run for you and the homeowner.
- A lot of times, this happens when the pipe is not adequately bedded in the location where it spans between the excavation wall and the tank, which is a common occurrence.
- As a result, if it results in a partial blockage, it becomes a site where freezing difficulties may occur during the winter months.
- This might result in severe corrosion around the outlet baffle, which may need the replacement of the baffle.
- The sewage pipe is pushed too deep into the tank in concrete tanks with cast baffles, resulting in insufficient room between the pipe and the baffle wall, which is an issue in concrete tanks with cast baffles.
- It is possible that if a sanitary tee is used as a baffle and the pipe moves enough, the baffle itself will be cocked at an angle as a result of the interference.
- If there is an effluent screen in place, the problem is generally discovered before a significant amount of solids has been transported to the soil treatment and dispersal region.
- It is necessary to reseat the piping at the right slope, as well as straighten or replace the exit baffle, just as it was with the entrance pipe.
If you have any questions concerning septic system maintenance and operation, you can send them to him by email at [email protected].
This article is part of a series on troubleshooting septic tanks:
- Troubleshooting Problem Systems
- Troubleshooting Septic Tanks
- Tank Troubleshooting: Checking Inlet and Outlet Baffles
- Troubleshooting Septic Tanks Troubleshooting: Additional Items to Check in Septic Tanks That Are Having Problems
Everything You Need to Know About Your Septic Tank
What is a septic tank, and how does it work? A septic tank is a water-tight container that is often constructed of concrete, fiberglass, or polyethylene to prevent flooding (plastic). In fact, it is only one component of the entire septic system, which includes several other components such as a distribution box, pumps, float switches, aerators, filters, and other accessories. Septic systems are used to treat wastewater on-site in many rural and suburban areas that do not have access to centralized sewage systems.
The components of a conventional septic tank are depicted in the diagram below.
- The Tank: This is the water-tight tank into which wastewater from your house is sent once it has been collected. A hole, fracture, or any other structural damage should not be present. Access Ports: When a trained pumper comes to clean up your tank, they will utilize an access port. When it comes to tank cleaning, it is critical that the access port be large enough to allow the pumper to move the hose about within the tank properly. A common application for risers is to elevate septic tank access above ground level, eliminating the need to dig up your septic tank every time it has to be pumped. Last but not least, the access port should be securely secured with a child-resistant lid. It is vital for the protection of your family that septic tank lids are securely fastened with screws and that they are not cracked or damaged. Pipes for entering and exiting the septic tank: Wastewater from your house enters the septic tank through the intake pipe. After the particles have settled out, the effluent is discharged from the septic tank through the exit pipe and into the drainage field. There should be roughly 3 inches between the output pipe and the intake pipe. A baffle is fitted on the intake pipe within the tank, and it serves to keep the water out. It provides a variety of functions. Additionally, it helps to avoid the build-up of scum and its backup into the intake pipe It is also important for solids to settle in the tank that the input baffle be properly installed. When wastewater enters the septic tank, it should hit the entrance baffle, which will reduce the flow and prevent the tank from becoming agitated. This permits the contents of the septic tank to remain at rest, allowing the solids to sink to the bottom of the tank. The intake baffle can also prevent odorous odors from entering the sewage line and spreading throughout the home or business
- And It is even more crucial than the inlet baffle to have an exit baffle in place because it helps to prevent scum and other particles from flowing directly into the outflow pipe and eventually into the drain field. Gas Deflector/Effluent Filter: As gas bubbles climb to the top of a septic tank, they may bring sediments with them. This is why an effluent filter is used. A gas deflector prevents these solid-carrying gases from entering the output line by preventing them from entering. However, while not every septic tank is equipped with an effluent filter, it is strongly suggested as an additional safety to prevent particulates from entering your drain field.
Any of the above-mentioned components in your septic tank should be checked for damage or missing parts as soon as possible, and the problem should be resolved by a septic system specialist. What is the operation of a septic tank? Each and every drop of wastewater from your home is channeled via a main drainage pipe and into your septic tank. Solids are prevented from entering your drain field by using the septic tank, which is just a settling tank that serves as a filter. Ideally, the water should be kept in the tank for at least one day in order to enable time for the solids to settle.
- Heavy materials, such as dirt and digested waste, will sink to the bottom of the tank and form a sludge layer at the bottom of the tank.
- Effluent is the term used to describe the liquid that exists between the sludge and scum layers.
- It is critical that solids are given adequate time and space to settle before being used.
- In fact, the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection mandates a minimum capacity of 900 gallons for any new septic tank installations in the state (the table below shows recommended septic tank capacities for different sized homes).
- Ideally, you should have your septic tank emptied every two to three years, according to the Pennsylvania Septage Management Association (PSMA).
- If a drain field has been ruined by a buildup of sediments, it might cost tens of thousands of dollars to rebuild it.
- It is crucial to understand that your septic tank must be completely filled with liquid in order to function effectively.
- The septic tank diagram shown above depicts the correct operating level of a septic tank in a residential setting.
- The result is that whenever more wastewater is added to the tank, an equal volume of effluent will be discharged from the tank and drain into the drain field.
- The opposite is true if the liquid level is higher than the outflow line, which may signal a blockage in a line downstream from the septic tank or in the drain field.
If you’re wondering if your septic tank is full, a skilled pumper will consider it “full” once solids have filled one-third of the tank’s capacity. This is the time of year when your septic tank will need to be pumped.
Understand the Septic Inspection Process
There are certain distinctions in care, usage, and budgeting that you should be aware of, whether you’re a new homeowner with an existing septic system or considering about purchasing or building a home without sewer hookups. This document outlines three ways in which your budget will be affected if your wastewater is treated using a septic system. 1. You will not be required to budget for municipal sewer service. Because the municipal wastewater system normally processes all of the water, the cost of city sewage service is sometimes determined by how much water you purchase from the city.
- A large number of homes with septic systems also rely on wells for fresh water rather than municipal water, which means you’ll likely save money in that department as well.
- It is necessary to include septic maintenance in your budget.
- Although you are not required to pay the city for the usage of your septic system, you will be responsible for the costs of maintenance if you want the system to continue to function properly.
- It is possible that these maintenance and repair expenditures will build up over time, so you may want to consider setting up an emergency fund to cover any unforeseen repair bills.
- You’ll also need to budget for the cost of a single inspection and begin saving for the cost of a tank pump.
- Spreading the expenditures out over several months is the most effective budgeting strategy, even for an expense such as tank pumping that does not occur every year, because it allows you to better estimate the costs ahead of time.
- You may need to set aside money for septic tank replacement.
The tank and leach field may not need to be replaced if you have a reasonably recent septic system and plan to sell your home within a few years.
If, on the other hand, your home’s septic system is more than a decade old, you’ll want to start looking into how much a new system would cost you as soon as possible.
For example, if the previous owners did not do routine maintenance or if the system was installed on clay soil, the system may need to be replaced.
It is a prudent decision to begin putting money aside in anticipation of this eventuality.
When you have a septic system, you may use these three strategies to budget differently.
Make an appointment with us right away if you’re searching for someone to pump out your septic tank or to complete an annual examination of your septic system. Our experts at C.E. Taylor and Son Inc. would be happy to assist you with any septic system assessment, maintenance, or repair needs.
Everything You Need To Know About Your Septic System
Florida people rely on roughly 2.6 million septic systems to dispose of waste and wastewater on a daily basis, accounting for 30% of the state’s population. Homes and businesses in rural regions rely on these systems to dispose of garbage in an efficient and environmentally friendly manner.
What Are Septic Tanks Made From?
Septic tanks are a waterproof box composed of concrete, fiberglass, or polyethylene material that is used to dispose of sewage. In other words, there will be no debris, dirt, or water from the surrounding ground that may get into the tank. Septic tanks made of concrete and/or fiberglass are the most common types.
Common Styles Of Septic Tanks
ATUs treat and filter waste by separating it into three compartments: a garbage compartment, an aeration chamber, and a clarification compartment. An aerobic, or thoroughly oxygenated, environment is created in the effluent by forcing compressed air through it. Because the bacteria thrive in this environment, waste decomposes more quickly than it would in a conventional septic tank. This helps to limit the quantity of organic material that enters the soil and groundwater around the house.
Most tanks built since 1976 feature two compartments for filtering effluent, sediments, and wastewater that enters the tank during the construction process. The first compartment, which is placed adjacent to the intake pipe, is often bigger than the second compartment, which is located further away. It is possible to see the liquid flowing from the first container into the second compartment. Before the effluent is discharged into the outflow pipe, any remaining sludge and scum separate from the liquid.
The quantity of wastewater that flows from the septic tank is controlled by a pump tank. Pump tank level increases as effluent accumulates in the tank and eventually reaches the level set by a control float. As soon as the float is activated, the pump starts pumping effluent into the drain field in a predefined volume.
In lieu of septic tanks, holding tanks can be used to collect and store waste. They are either above or below ground and require constant pumping to remove the contents of their holding tanks. The majority of holding tanks are equipped with an alarm that sounds when the tank is full.
A single compartment tank was utilized in the majority of septic systems constructed before to 1976. These tanks could hold up to 1,000 gallons of liquid at a time. After entering the tank and separating into three levels, liquid waste is discharged into the septic drain field via the outflow line.
What Is FOG?
Fats, oils, and grease (also known as FOG) are frequent cooking byproducts that occur naturally in a wide variety of foods and other items. While FOG is viscous when it first enters the septic tank, it cools swiftly as it comes into contact with the wastewater in the tank. However, because of its viscosity, FOG coats and covers every surface it comes into contact with when it solidifies.
How A Septic Tank Works
Solids sink to the bottom of the tank’s intake pipe, while FOG rises to the surface of the wastewater and collects at the top of the tank’s intake pipe. In most cases, the tank is large enough to keep wastewater for an extended period of time, allowing effulent separation to take place. There are three levels within the tank as a result of this separation: a sludge layer on the bottom, a wastewater layer in the middle, and a scum layer on top. bacteria, enzymes, and other microorganisms often present in human waste begin to break down the sludge layer and break down the sludge layer further.
Upon entry into the septic tank and drain field, two baffles direct and filter the water. The intake baffle prevents the scum layer from obstructing the inflow pipe, while the outflow baffle keeps scum and particles in the tank until they are removed by the drain.
What Are Septic Tank Solids?
Solids settle to the bottom of the tank and FOG rises to the surface of the wastewater as it arrives through the intake pipe. In most cases, the tank is big enough to keep wastewater for an extended period of time, allowing effluent separation to take place effectively. There are three layers within the tank as a result of this separation: a sludge layer on the bottom, a wastewater layer in the middle, and a scum layer on top of the water. bacteria, enzymes, and other microorganisms often present in human waste begin to break down the sludge layer and break down the sludge layer.
Upon entry into the septic tank and drain field, two baffles direct and filter the water.
- Non-biodegradable organic solids include pet litter, plastics, and other items that do not decompose over time
- Biodegradable organic solids include vegetable scraps and other cellulosic compounds, as well as toilet paper
- And biodegradable organic solids include solid human feces.
Septic System Drain Fields
After leaving the septic tank, effluent goes into a drain field, which is a network of underground pipes and dirt that collects the waste. Other phrases that are commonly used include absorption field, leach field, and trench. The size of the space required is determined by the following factors:
- Soil type
- Seasonal variations in groundwater level
- Amount of water absorbed each day
- And soil percolation rate are all factors to consider.
The soil percolation rate is defined as the amount of water that the soil can absorb in one minute per inch of soil thickness. A significant consideration in determining the site of a septic drain field in Florida is the percolation rate, which is crucial because the state has a high water table.
How A Drain Field Works
An underground network of perforated pipes may be found in this location, which can be found in either several trenches or a gravel-lined soil bed. Drainage from the pipes filters through the gravel and dirt before entering the sewer system. Compaction of the soil has a significant impact on its function, which is why it is critical not to construct structures on it or drive or park vehicles of any size over it.
Why Is A Drain Field Important?
Natural filtration is provided for effluent, which is recycled back into the groundwater source. It is possible that biological and chemical pollutants may infiltrate the water and create health problems for anybody who consumed or came into touch with the water without this filtering system in place.
How To Find Your Septic TankSeptic Drain Field
The location of the septic system will be shown on the majority of property plans and surveys. Possibly handed to you after the sale of your house or company, these documents are also maintained on file at the county government office. The septic tank is often built along the sewage line that leads away from the house or other structure. When this line is many inches in diameter, it means that it is located at the lowest level of your home, such as a basement or crawl space. Stick a metal probe every two feet along the sewage line as it exits the house, following it all the way out to the street.
Locate the borders of the septic tank lid with the probe – typically tanks are 5 feet by 8 feet in size, so this may take some time.
Beginning at the far border of the tank and extending up to 100 feet out from the tank, a drain field is created. As soon as you discover a discrepancy between the system location and previously prepared diagrams or maps, make sure to update these materials and retain a duplicate for your records.
The Septic Tank Pumping Process
In order to prepare for extraction, the floating scum layer is first broken up by alternately sucking out liquid from the tank and pumping it back in to break up the bottom solid layer. Pumping is accomplished through the two access ports, which are referred to as manholes. The tank should never be pumped through the inspection apertures on the baffle wall. This can not only cause damage to the baffles, but it can also result in insufficient waste removal from the tank. Until the septic tank is completely depleted, industrial vacuums are used to remove waste from the tank and into our tanker truck.
How Often A Septic Tank Should Be Pumped?
In most cases, every three to five years is sufficient. However, depending on the size of your septic tank and the amount of sediments and wastewater you produce on a daily basis, you may need to contact a septic tank pumping firm such as Jones PlumbingSeptic Tank Service sooner rather than later.
What To Expect During A Septic Tank Pumping
Before starting the pumping process, it is necessary to measure the thickness of the scum and sludge. This information is important in determining the pace at which waste accumulates and in determining when the next pumping should be scheduled. The pumping process is monitored closely by our personnel, who are actively monitoring for any possible system problems, such as backflow from the outflow pipe. Backflow that is significant typically indicates a backup in the drainfield, whereas slight backflow indicates a weaker outflow line in most cases.
Septic Tank Cleaning
Septic tank cleaning and septic tank pumping are not the same thing, despite the fact that many people use the phrases interchangeably. Pumping just removes liquid and uncompressed materials; cleaning, on the other hand, eliminates any leftover solids before washing the interior of the tank with soap and water. Following the removal of the liquid layer from the tank, our professionals employ pressured jets of water to break up any residual particles in the tank. Solids are removed from the tank with the use of an industrial-grade vacuum and a connected hose before the inside of the tank is washed.
This can result in the formation of sinkholes or the breakdown of the entire system.
How Often Should A Septic Tank Be Cleaned?
With every septic tank pump out, there is a new beginning. Keep in mind that the frequency with which the tank is pumped is determined by the number of people who are using the system and the volume of wastewater created on a daily basis. You may work with an aseptic tank pumping firm, such as Jones PlumbingSeptic Tank Service, to establish a regular pumping and cleaning program for your tank.
How To Keep A Septic Tank In Good Condition Between Cleanings
The most effective strategy to ensure that your septic tank remains in good working order for many years is to be informed of what can and cannot be put into the system.
Don’t DisposeFlush Items At-Will
In order to degrade materials that enter the tank, a septic system relies on bacteria that are found in nature. Although it is a mutually beneficial connection, it is susceptible to being pushed out of balance depending on the materials that are disposed of. Fat, oil, and grease (FOG); chemicals, paints, fuels, and/or motor oils; disposable diapers, sanitary, and personal hygiene products; coffee grounds; egg and nut shells; and disposable diapers, sanitary, and personal hygiene products are all common household items that should never be flushed down the toilet.
Schedule Annual Inspections
Home and business owners may do an outside inspection of their septic system on their own. However, only a professional and skilled septic tank firm, such as Jones PlumbingSeptic Tank Service, should check the tank and its interior components. Because of the formation of toxic vapors and gases within the sewage treatment plant, it is dangerous to work near one without the proper safety equipment and training. Look for areas of unusually tall grass, sewage odors or smells, and unexplained standing water as you walk around the area where the septic tank is situated.
PumpClean The Tank As Necessary
Skipping regular septic tank services is a surefire way to end yourself in a situation that might have been avoided. Performing routine pumping and cleaning allows our personnel to check the overall health of the system and correct any issues that may arise before they become a major concern.
Keep Records Of Septic LocationService
It is essential to understand the location of the entire system in order to properly maintain it. Parking or driving cars over any portion of the septic system should be avoided at all costs. The weight of vehicles can cause the system to collapse. When this occurs, the only option for repair is a complete replacement. It is also recommended by Jones PlumbingSeptic Tank Service that you preserve records of when the system was examined, pumped, and cleaned for your own records and in case you decide to sell your home in the future.
The volume of water entering a septic system has a greater influence on the health of the system than the amount of solids created by the system. The greater the volume of water that flows through the drain field, the shorter the functional lifespan of the drain field and the overall system. An excessive amount of water flow impairs effective separation of particles inside the tank, increasing the likelihood of clogged intake and outflow pipes, which can result in sewage backups in the tank.
Septic Tank Repair In Gainesville, FL
More so than the quantity of particles created, the volume of water that enters a septic system has a greater influence on the system’s health. A drain field’s functional lifespan and overall system lifespan are reduced according to the amount of water flowing through it.
An excessive amount of water flow impairs effective separation of particles inside the tank, increasing the likelihood of clogged intake and outflow pipes, which can result in sewage backups in the surrounding area.
Aggressive Tree Roots
Tree roots are well-known for generating problems with septic tanks and systems. Many species of tree roots are stronger than septic tanks, and they can cause leaks and other structural damage by cracking the pipes and tank.
Common Septic Tank Repairs
There are a variety of reasons why the pipes might fail, including compacted and/or moving soil. Once the pipes burst, they must be fixed as soon as possible to avoid significant drainage problems. When it comes to reaching and repairing the pipes, excavation of the area is frequently necessary.
The baffles of a septic tank are responsible for keeping sediments contained within the tank. Rust or contact with sulfuric acid are the most common causes of damage. It is quite beneficial to have an annual septic check performed in order to see if there are any difficulties with the baffles before a problem occurs.
How To Prevent A Septic Tank Failure
The fact is that septic systems are not foolproof and that they benefit immensely from routine maintenance and upkeep. The majority of failures may be avoided by paying attention to what goes into the plumbing and septic lines.
Only Flush Toilet Paper
Regular maintenance and care are essential for septic systems, which are not infallible and benefit immensely from it. When you pay attention to what goes into your plumbing and septic lines, you may prevent the majority of problems from occurring.
Never Pour FOG Down The Drain
FOG is extremely harmful to all plumbing systems, including the septic system. FOG, when it is in liquid form, readily flows into the septic tank and collects in the top scum layer of the tank. This may not appear to be a problem, but the mixture has the potential to run into the drain field, where it might cause contamination concerns with groundwater and the surrounding soil if allowed to do so.
Regular Drain Cleaning
The numerous commercial drain cleaners available may temporarily unclog a clogged drain and associated plumbing, but they do so at the expense of the septic system’s ability to function properly. They include chemicals that swiftly eliminate the bacteria that are important for the decomposition of particles within the septic tank once they are applied. The layer of solids accumulates quickly — and needlessly — on the surface of the water. As an alternative, call a plumber to do expert drain cleaning.
How To Tell When You Need A New Septic System
A septic system may last anywhere from 20 to 40 years if it is maintained properly and repaired when needed on time. However, if you detect any of these frequent indicators of a failing septic system, it’s time to call Jones PlumbingSeptic Tank Service to have a new septic system installed in your home or commercial property. The following are common indicators that the present system should be replaced:
- Sinks and toilets that take a long time to drain
- Plumbing that is always backed up
- Sewage odors in the company, house, or yard
- Patchy mushy, swampy, or damp areas of the yard Gray water that has accumulated
- And grass that has grown more swiftly and is a darker shade of green
What To Know Before A Septic Tank Is Installed
In order to prevent the contamination of water sources and the creation of public health hazards that can result from incorrectly designed septic systems, the state of Florida and local municipalities have established rules and regulations to guide new septic system installations.
Required Applications, FeesPermits
The Environmental Health Service of the Florida Department of Health (FDOH) in Alachua County is responsible for issuing the necessary applications and permits. Before a permit may be issued, the house or business owner must submit a completed application, as well as a site plan, a building floor plan, and any applicable application costs to the local building department. A site evaluation is also necessary, which analyzes the overall condition of the land, as well as the soil type. Total fees are determined on the kind of septic system installed as well as the services provided by the county health division.
Minimum Tank Size
Applicants and permit holders in Alachua County can get their applications and permits processed through the Florida Department of Health (FDOH). Before a permit may be issued, the house or business owner must submit a completed application, as well as a site plan, a building floor plan, and any applicable application costs to the local building inspector. It is also necessary to do a site evaluation, which evaluates several aspects of the land, such as the soil type. Septic system types and services provided by the county health department are factored into the total cost of the system.
Because septic systems are installed underground, it is probable that the existing landscaping will need to be removed and replaced. Our professionals, on the other hand, may propose that the new system be installed in a different place in order to minimize interference with plant and tree roots. The Florida Department of Health mandates that the following distances be respected in order to prevent groundwater pollution from septic systems:
- Because septic systems are installed underground, it is probable that the existing landscape will need to be removed and replaced with something else. Our professionals, on the other hand, may propose that the new system be installed in a separate place in order to minimize interference from plant and tree root systems. These distances must be respected, according to the Florida Department of Health, in order to avoid groundwater pollution from septic systems:
New Home ConstructionSeptic Systems
Construction of new dwellings in rural locations or in any area that is not served by a municipal sewer system necessitates the installation of septic systems. Any system installed as part of a new house building project will have to take into consideration the elements and laws outlined above. In addition to establishing septic systems for countless new houses, Jones PlumbingSeptic Tank Service is happy to assist you through the application and permitting process, in addition to properly installing the system.
The Crappy Reality of Septic Inspections
The septic tank is being opened. I suppose it took me about 5 minutes to come up with a witty pun title for this blog. The names of septic companies may be rather imaginative, and there are lots of puns to go along with them. “We’ve got a one-in-two!” Septic inspections, despite the fact that they are the topic of amusing jokes, are highly vital and may save you thousands of dollars. Inspections performed for some of our buyer clients have resulted in savings of up to $12,000 in the form of the seller replacing the current system altogether, according to our records.
Septic systems are completely subterranean in nature. Out of sight, out of memory, as they say. Unless you work in the building or inspection industries, it’s probable that you don’t give much thought to your septic system. When we remove the covers from these tanks, it becomes immediately clear. The gruesome details are not necessary, but items like as tampons, “flushable” wipes, children’s toys, and a significant buildup of oil-based goods are frequently discovered in a tank that has been in use for an extended period of time.
The long and the short of it is that most individuals are not aware of how to properly maintain a septic tank or sewer system. This results in invisible damage to the tank and septic field over the course of many years of residence in the house.
Septic systems are completely subterranean and subsurface in nature. Out of sight, out of mind is the adage that applies here. Most people, unless they work in the building or inspection industries, never think about their septic system until something goes wrong with it. When we open the covers of these tanks, it is immediately evident. The gruesome details are not necessary, but items such as tampons, “flushable” wipes, children’s toys, and a substantial buildup of oil-based goods are frequently discovered in a tank that has been in use for an extended period of time.
This results in invisible damage to the tank and septic field over the course of several years of residence.
The Proper Way to Inspect Your Septic System
Septic inspections are provided to our clients through a partnership with several excellent local septic businesses. When the septic inspection is taking place, we will only work with septic firms that pump out the tank, and we will not work with anybody else. Naturally, this is more expensive, but it is the proper way to go about things. Consider the following scenario: you bring your automobile into the shop for an inspection, and the service technician never opens the hood. When you opt to examine a septic system without having the tank pumped, you are effectively doing the same thing.
Concrete can fracture, and tree roots can invade the tank, causing havoc on your system and causing it to fail.
Simply replacing a septic tank will cost you around $3,000, so don’t be concerned about the couple of hundred dollars you’ll have to spend to ensure that you don’t have any problems within the tank.
- Instruct your real estate agent to haggle with the seller on the expense of pumping the tank. It’s technically their garbage, therefore it doesn’t matter. It is possible that they will agree to compensate you in part at closing. It’s never a bad idea to inquire
- Contact Freedom Home Services for your home inspection needs. We will make arrangements for you to have your septic tank pumped and inspected by competent local contractors.
[PDF] SEPTIC TANK BAFFLES – Inspecting the Condition of Septic Tank Baffles – Free Download PDF
Solicit the assistance of your realtor in negotiating with the seller about the expense of pumping the tank. Regardless of the fact that it is their garbage. They may agree to refund you a portion of your expenses at the time of settlement. For your home inspection needs, call Freedom Home Services. It can’t hurt to inquire. Using competent local professionals, we will arrange for the septic pumping/inspection on your behalf.
Inspecting Your Septic Tank
|Firstuncover and remove the first manhole cover. Some systems have”risers”that make this job easier by bringing the tank lids up to the ground surface. (We encourage you to have risersinstalled so you won’t need to dig down each time you inspect.)The diagram at left shows the top of the two most common septic tank configurations. The upper figure is found onnewer tanks and the bottom one is usually found on older septic tanks. In most cases, the hole to the left is thefirst compartment, the hole to the right is the second compartment, and the rectangular cover is to the crossoverbaffle. (Some tanks, 25 years or older, may have only one compartment that is round, oval, or square.)This procedure determines the thickness of the scum level(SC).|
- In order to make the scum stick, One of the PVC pipes was cut down to 6 feet from its original length of 10 feet. Glue a 90-degree elbow on one of the ends. Create an elbow out of a 6-inch piece of PVC tubing and glue it in place. End caps should be placed on the open ends. Place a board or a stick over the top of the hole, manhole, or riser to prevent water from leaking in. As shown in Figure 1, lower the scum stick down the manhole of the first compartment of the tank until it rests on the top of the scum layer (see Figure 1below), and mark the scum stick where it passes the reference point (A). Work the stick through the scum layer, starting at the elbow end and working your way down. Continue pushing straight through the scum layer, turning the stick 90 degrees, and pulling up on the stick until you feel the bottom of the scum layer. Note where the scum stick crosses the reference point (B) with a marker. Removing the scum stick and measuring the distance between the two markings will get the following results. This is the measurement of the thickness of the scum layer (SC).
Making the scum adhere is important. One of the PVC pipes was cut down to 6 feet from its original length of ten. To one end, glue a 90-degree elbow. 6 inch length of PVC pipe, glued to the elbow, is a good size for this. Finish up the open ends with end caps; Place a board or a stick over the top of the hole, manhole, or riser to prevent the hole from closing. Placing the scum stick down the manhole of the first compartment of the tank until it rests on top of the scum layer (as shown in Figure 1below) and marking the scum stick where it crosses the reference point(A) Make a scum layer with the stick by working it through it from the elbow end.
Remove the scum stick and use a ruler to measure the distance between the two markings on the ground.
This is the measurement of the thickness of the scum layer.
- To create the sludge stick, cut the remaining 10-foot PVC pipe into two parts of 5-foot length. Each stick should have an adaptor attached to it. Insert the coupler into one of the adapters by screwing it in. To build a 10-foot stick, connect the two parts together. Wrap a white cloth or an old towel around the bottom of the stick so that it is tightly wrapped. It should be secured with tape or string. Create a hole in the scum It is not acceptable to smear the sludge stick with scum. Stick carefully through hole in scum layer in first compartment until it rests on top of the liquid layer, then remove stick from compartment. Figure 1 shows how to mark the location of the stick when it passes the aperture of the manhole or riser. Reduce the length of the stick until it reaches the bottom of the tank. Keep the stick in the tank for at least five minutes to allow sludge particles to attach to the towel
- Otherwise, remove it. The sludge stick should be marked where it crosses the board (Din Figure 1). Work your way carefully away from the stick until you reach the distance between the two markers (CandD). This distance represents the working depth of the tank (WD). On the rag, there should be a visible black stain left by the liquid. Take a measurement of the stain’s height. Sludge layer (SL) depth is measured in millimeters.
Remove the covers from the inlet, outlet, and crossoverbaffles on the ducting system. Examine the baffles to confirm that they are still present and that they are not significantly rusted. Venting holes should be present and unobstructed if the baffles are made of concrete and are molded into the rest of the tank’s structure.
- Ensure that the intake baffle is unobstructed and that the pipe is properly sealed to the tank
- Ensure that the exit baffle is unobstructed and that the liquid level is at the bottom of the pipe, rather than below or above the bottom of the pipe. The line connecting it to the tank must be completely sealed. PLEASE NOTE: In the following photo, looking down an output baffle, the effluent is below the pipe, suggesting a faulty seal. Additionally, the crossover baffle should be clear of blockage.
- Rubber gloves should be used
- Dirty gloves and sludge toweling should be disposed of in a plastic bag. Sticks should be soaked in bleach water to sterilize them before keeping them.
Maine Septic Services
The following are some of the most frequently asked questions about septic tanks. If you don’t find your question answered on this page, please contact us and we’ll be happy to assist you further.
Q. How often should I have my septic tank serviced?
It is recommended that you replace your A/C system once every two to five years, depending on how often you use it and how many people are utilizing the system.
Q. Do you have to drive on my lawn to service my septic tank?
A. No, it is not our policy. We carry roughly two hundred feet of hose, which is generally more than enough for most residential applications. We may bring additional hose if necessary if we are given advance notice.
Q. Is it O.K. to use drain cleaners with a septic system?
A. Avoid using drain cleaners and other chemicals whenever possible. They have the potential to disrupt the naturally existing biological processes in the septic tank and leaching region of the property. One gallon of some hazardous compounds can damage twenty-two million gallons of ground water, according to the Environmental Protection Agency.
Q. Do I need to use additives in my septic system?
In order to maintain a healthy pH balance in your system and to encourage better sewage digestion, we recommend that you flush one cup of baking soda down the toilet once a week.
Q. What do you do with my septage once it is removed from my tank?
In order to maintain a healthy pH balance in your system and to encourage better sewage digestion, we recommend that you flush one cup of baking soda down the toilet every week.
Q. How do I find my septic tank?
A. Here are a few options for you to consider. Septic tanks are typically rectangular in design, measuring around 4 by 8 feet.
- You’ve probably come across a rectangular stretch of ground where the snow melts first in the winter and the grass burns first in the summer. An underground septic tank can be submerged to any depth between flush with the surface of the earth and more than 6 feet. When you look down in your basement, you can see where the sewer pipe exits through a hole in the wall. Take note of how far the pipe extends below the top of the foundation and whether or not it exits through the wall directly. When looking from the outside of the house, this will provide you with an approximate orientation for the pipe leading to the tank. To determine how far the tank is below grade, measure down from the top of the foundation wall to the ground’s surface and subtract that measurement from the inside measurement (also subtract another 6 because the top of the sewer pipe is usually 6 down on either side or end of the tank) to get a rough estimate of how far the tank is below grade. You can probe for the tank top using a steel bar or rod that you push into the earth. Keep in mind that you are searching for a flat rectangular space around 4 x 8 inches below the surface of the earth
- Many septic systems are not gravity systems and require pumping to function properly. Excavation around your septic tank and/or pump tank should always be done with extreme caution since electrical lines can be hidden underground and are not usually marked, posing a possible electrical danger. Never fear if you can’t identify your septic tank
- We have specialized equipment that can help us locate the tank if necessary
- Just give us a call.
Q. Can my septic tank baffles be repaired?
A. Yes, we replace a large number of deteriorating concrete baffles with PVC baffles each year.
Q. Are septic tank filters any good, don�t they plug up frequently?
An absolutely necessary addition to your septic tank is the installation of a Zabel filter by our team. These filters help to keep particles down to one-sixteenth of an inch in the septic tank by trapping about 80% more solids. Over the years, we’ve discovered that the Zabel filters appear to be the most effective. It is just necessary to remove the clogged filter, wash it well and replace it when the problem arises. In most cases, filter maintenance is performed at the same time as septic tank maintenance.
Q. I hate digging up my septic tank and having the mess in my lawn every three years or so.What can we do to save all that mess?
The installation of a riser above the service cover is recommended. It is recommended that each of the access covers for the filter and pump be equipped with a riser as well. Risers are now required under the State of Maine’s Subsurface Rules. We choose to use Fralo risers because they may be erected in sloping grass areas and because they are simple to install flush with the ground surface.
Q. Do you have any other tips you can give me?
A. Without a doubt! View the State of Maine’s Ten Tips for Maintaining Your Septic System for more information.