- Fixing a drain field issue begins with using a chemical or biological additive to clear the blockage. The second solution is mechanical aeration. Your last option is a replacement. Sometimes, you can replace the drain field without needing to replace the septic tank.
How often should you replace septic drain field?
How long does a septic system drain field last? A well-built and properly maintained drainfield should last for at least 20 years.
How long does it take to replace a drain field?
It takes seven days for the installation to be done. Installation can take longer if the weather is bad.
How much does it cost to repair a drain field?
Leach field repairs cost $2,000 to $15,000. The size of the field, accessibility and damage all play to the final bill.
What are the signs that your septic tank is full?
Here are some of the most common warning signs that you have a full septic tank:
- Your Drains Are Taking Forever.
- Standing Water Over Your Septic Tank.
- Bad Smells Coming From Your Yard.
- You Hear Gurgling Water.
- You Have A Sewage Backup.
- How often should you empty your septic tank?
What is the most common cause of septic system failure?
Most septic systems fail because of inappropriate design or poor maintenance. Some soil-based systems (those with a drain field) are installed at sites with inadequate or inappropriate soils, excessive slopes, or high ground water tables.
How do you know if your septic system is failing?
The first signs of a failing septic system may include slow draining toilets and sinks, gurgling noises within the plumbing, sewage odors inside, continuing drainage backups, or bacteria in the well water. The area of the strongest odor will point to the location of the failure in the septic system.
How do I find my septic tank outlet pipe?
The outlet pipe should be approximately 3 inches below the inlet pipe. Inlet Baffle: The inlet baffle is installed on the inlet pipe inside the tank.
How far should a septic tank be from a house?
Most importantly, a septic tank must be at least seven metres from a house, defined as a ‘habitable property’. Septic tanks are built underground and release wastewater slowly into the surrounding environment. For this reason, they must be a set distance away from a home.
Can a drain field be repaired?
There’s usually no repair for a drainfield that has failed. You probably need to replace some or all of your system.
How do you rejuvenate a septic field?
Professionals take a high pressure water spray to clean and unclog your sewer lines, drains, and the leach field. Once the pipes are free from sludge and other debris causing the clogs, the septic system will be able to rejuvenate itself once again.
Can a clogged drain field be fixed?
Conclusion. A clogged leach field will compromise the entire system. It can result in sewage backups in the house, septic odors, sewage leakage on the lawn, and contamination of groundwater. To avoid these and more problems related to leachfield failure, you should unclog your leachfield through shock treatment.
How to Install Drain Pipes for a Septic Tank Yourself
Home-Diy Installing a septic tank is often done by a professional who has access to the necessary equipment. A concrete septic tank can weigh several thousand pounds, and the ordinary homeowner does not have the necessary tools to safely install it in the ground. if (sources.length) then this.parentNode.removeChild(sources); else this.onerror = null; this.src = fallback; if (sources.length) then this.parentNode.removeChild(sources); else if (sources.length) then this.parentNode.removeChild(sources); else if (sources.length) then this.parentNode.remove ‘/public/images/logo-fallback.png’) is a fallback logo image.
A concrete septic tank can weigh several thousand pounds, and the ordinary homeowner does not have the necessary tools to safely install it in the ground.
- The following items are required: Shovel (backhoe is recommended)
- Tape measure
- Rake PVC perforated pipe
- PVC pipe cleaner
- PVC pipe cement PVC pipe cleaner
- Geotextile material
Large bushes or trees should not be planted directly over drain lines.
- Inspect your property and get a percolation test performed. In most cases, you will need a copy of the perc test results in order to acquire a permit to build a septic system in your home. In order to assess how quickly the soil absorbs water, a perc test will be performed on your site by a licensed specialist on your behalf. The results of this test will be used to calculate the quantity of drain line that will be required for your system. Drain lines should be measured and marked out before installation. You can divide this down into many lines, but each line must be the same length, and there must be a minimum of six feet between each line in order to be considered complete. Prior to digging, mark the beginning and ending locations of each line, double-checking all measurements to ensure they are accurate. Dig each drain line to a depth of 30 inches and a width of 24 inches. However, while a pick and shovel may be used to do the task, a backhoe can complete it in a fraction of the time and with less strain on your back. To make the trenches as flat as possible, remove any large boulders or roots that may have accumulated in them. Each of these lines will be served by a pipe that will go from the distribution box to it. This is the location where the pipe from the distribution box enters the ditch and marks the beginning point of your drain line. Fill each drain line with gravel until it reaches a depth of 12 inches. Spread gravel over the area to be covered with drain pipes and smooth it up with your rake. Install a 4 inch PVC perforated pipe on top of the gravel to provide drainage. This pipe will be connected to the pipe that comes from the distribution box and will run the whole length of the drain line to connect to the drain. Pipe cleaner should be used to clean each pipe junction before applying pipe cement. Before continuing, double-check that all of the fittings are in place. To finish covering the drain lines, continue to pour additional gravel into the system until the pipes are covered by roughly 1 to 2 inches of material. Using a rake, smooth out the gravel. A layer of geotextile material should be rolled out to cover the whole length and width of the drain line in order to prevent dirt from filtering into the drain lines and to aid in keeping roots out of the drainage system. The drain lines should be backfilled somewhat to allow for some small mounding to compensate for the settling that will occur. Grass seed should be planted on top of drain lines to aid in the absorption process and to avoid erosion.
The Drip Cap
- Installing a septic tank is often done by a professional who has access to the necessary equipment. A concrete septic tank can weigh several thousand pounds, and the ordinary homeowner does not have the necessary tools to safely install it in the ground. Dig each drain line to a depth of 30 inches and a width of 24 inches. Ensure that any large rocks or roots are removed from the trenches, and that the foundation is as level as possible
- Fill each drain line with gravel until it reaches a depth of 12 inches. In addition, this pipe will link to the pipe that comes from the distribution box and will run the whole length of the drain line.
Should I Convert From A Septic System to a Sewer System
Every residence disposes of wastewater in one of two ways: either through a septic tank or through a sewer system. Despite the fact that each has its own set of pros and disadvantages, homeowners are rarely in a position to pick between the two options. As cities grow, however, sewage lines are beginning to be extended into new areas, giving present residents the choice of connecting to the public sewer system for the first time. For homeowners with older or failing septic systems, this is a fantastic chance to save exorbitant replacement expenses; however, homeowners with modern septic systems have a tough decision about whether or not to convert their systems to biosolids.
Before any major decisions are made by a homeowner, it is critical that they grasp what a sewer and septic system are and how they vary from one another.
Septic Vs Sewer: What’s The Difference?
Identifying the advantages and disadvantages of these two types of wastewater systems can aid in determining whether or not to switch from a septic to a sewer system. Due to the fact that sewage lines link to public sewer systems, they are often only available in metropolitan settings. Septic systems are an alternative for residences located in rural locations where there may not be a sewer system to which they may be connected.
Advantages of a Public Sewer Line
Once a residence is linked to the public sewage system, the owner normally does not have to worry about anything other than paying a monthly charge for wastewater disposal. Maintenance and repairs, as well as the resolution of any issues that may arise, are the responsibility of municipal water departments. Because sewer lines are normally designed to handle more wastewater than septic systems, they are less prone to clogging than septic systems. And, while you should always be cautious about what you flush down your pipes, sewage systems are often more resilient than septic tanks in terms of withstanding misuse.
In addition to the financial burden, scheduling these cleanings can be a constant source of frustration.
This is a worry shared by many prospective house purchasers, who insist on the connection of properties with septic systems to the municipal sewer system as a condition of the sale.
Obtaining a permit for a pool installation or substantial home repairs may be necessitated by the need for a sewer hookup in some localities.
Advantages of a Septic System
Despite the fact that septic systems require a little more upkeep and attention, they provide a number of advantages over traditional sewage lines. Given that they do not transport wastewater a significant distance before being treated at a water treatment plant, they consume less energy overall and have a lower environmental effect. Additionally, the bacteria in septic tanks decompose and treat wastewater on a local level, considerably minimizing the likelihood of leaks occurring between the residence and a local treatment center.
There is no monthly charge to pay, and any disruptions to the municipal sewer system have no influence on the septic systems in place in the homes that are affected.
How Hard Is It To Convert To A Sewer System
Following your choice to convert, you may be asking how to connect to the city’s sewer system. Although it may seem complicated, connecting your house to the public sewer system is a pretty straightforward operation that takes no more than a few days to complete and only causes minor disruptions in wastewater service. However, there is a significant amount of labor-intensive work needed, which may be fairly expensive. The pricing is typically the most important factor to consider. Installing public sewer lines requires a significant investment in infrastructure on the part of local governments, and as a result, the service is not supplied for free.
Fees can range from a few hundred dollars to several thousand dollars based on the accessibility of the nearest sewage line, as well as the permits required to complete the construction and inspections to establish the household’s projected wastewater production.
When Should You Convert To A Sewer System?
A new tank can cost up to several thousand dollars to build if your present septic system is in need of repair or replacement. This is equivalent to the cost of connecting your home to the municipal sewage system. The changeover is generally a good idea in such situation, especially if you have plans to improve your home in the future, such as installing a pool or listing the property on an estate agent’s website. The switch to public sewer, on the other hand, isn’t very advantageous if your septic system is in good operating shape or was recently installed because there isn’t much of a short-term gain.
If you do want to connect to the city sewer line from a septic sewer, make sure to properly decommission your septic tank first before proceeding.
If children or animals are able to pry off the lid of an old, abandoned septic tank and fall into the poisonous contents, they can pose a possibly catastrophic harm to their lives.
In addition to building a new sewer line to connect your house to the public sewage system, a contractor can drain and either remove or disable your existing septic system, depending on your needs.
Are you thinking about connecting to the city’s public sewer system? Do you have a septic tank that is no longer in use? Consult with the experienced plumbers at Express SewerDrain for their recommendations! Topics:Sewers
How to Run a Septic Tank Line From Your House
A septic system is made up of two lengths of pipe that are connected together. Initially, it runs from the house, where the system services are located, to a tank, where the waste is separated and solids settle out. The second section runs from the tank to the drainage field, where fluids from the tank are dispersed into the earth underneath the tank. The process of installing the first run of pipe is quite similar to that of installing a traditional sewage line. It is necessary to maintain a downhill slope to the storage tank.
Locating the Septic Tank
The tank serves as the nerve center of the septic system. It is required to be situated between the residence and the drainage field. Each and every septic installation must begin with a soil test, and depending on the results, soil conditions may necessitate the placement of the tank in a less-than-ideal site for digging sewer lines. Also required are minimum setback distances from property borders, functioning wells, surface water and other obstructions to provide a safe working environment.
A standard septic tank has a 4-inch intake at the top, which is positioned towards the bottom. Ideally, a 1/4-inch-per-foot slope toward the pipe from the house should be maintained by the pipe connecting to it. To put it another way, for every 10 feet of distance between a tank and a home, the inlet must be 2 1/2 inches lower than where the pipe departs the house at its lowest point. The pipe usually exits at ground level, although it may need to pass beneath a foundation footing or concrete pad in rare cases.
Digging the Trench
The trench for the septic pipe should be dug before the hole for the tank since you will need a backhoe to complete the work and the tank will get in your way if it is already in the ground. To allow rainfall to drain properly, the pipe should be placed on a 2- or 3-inch bed of drain rock, so remember to account for this extra depth when digging. It is normal to use a four-inch pipe, and it should be installed far enough down to link with the main soil stack, which is a three-inch pipe that runs vertically past the main bathroom and through the roof of the home.
Local building and health agencies will demand permits for a septic tank installation. You will also be required to submit a design plan before the permits will be provided, so prepare ahead of time. This layout should be developed in collaboration with a local builder who is familiar with the unique characteristics of the topography in your neighborhood. Stay away from planting trees or plants near the tank, drainage field, or any of the pipe systems.
They will be drawn to the pipes in their hunt for nutrition, and their roots will be able to successfully block them. You will be unable to use your septic system until the roots have been removed from the pipe. Removal may be both expensive and time-consuming.
Everything You Need to Know About Septic Tanks and Who to Call for Septic Tank Pumping
When it comes to drainage systems, not every Cleveland, Tennessee, home is designed the same way, but it’s crucial to understand what you’re dealing with in your own home. If there’s a lot of space between the residences where you live, you can have a septic system instead of a regular sewage system. As is the case with anything, you have to know how to manage your septic system, which includes regularseptic tank pumpingin most circumstances. If you have no idea what you’re talking about when it comes to your septic system at home, here are some fundamentals to get you started.
How Do Septic Systems Work?
Your house’s sewer system transports waste water from your Cleveland, Tennessee, home to a centralized point where it is treated before being redistributed back into the environment. It is not need to worry about things such as septic tank pumping because this water continually left your property and travels to a treatment center located a long distance away. Septic systems are a viable alternative to traditional sewage systems since they break down waste on your property rather than in a sewer system’s collection system.
- Three levels of waste water collect in a septic tank, the majority of which can contain around 1,000 gallons of waste water.
- The heaviest material sinks to the bottom of the tank, resulting in the formation of the sludge layer.
- This accumulation of waste is the primary reason that many individuals require septic tank pumping systems to be put in their tanks.
- This gas is evacuated through vents in your roof, which create gas with each influx of waste water into your home or office building.
Why Choose a Septic System?
The most common reason for consumers to install a septic system is because of their living situation. There are some scenarios when it may be preferable to have a septic system installed in your house rather than connecting to the city’s sewer system, and this is the case in some cases. Even if your configuration necessitates the use of septic tank pumping, it may be a more cost-effective alternative. When it comes to connecting to the sewer system, the distance between residences in your neighborhood is one of the most significant difficulties.
An alternative to this is that a septic system can simply be placed directly next to your home in the yard.
Another reason why some individuals choose septic systems is that they are more environmentally conscious.
Because septic systems cure waste and septic tank pumping transports it to adjacent drain fields for disposal, there is no waste of resources, as there is when water is transported miles away for treatment and disposal.
What Is Septic Tank Pumping?
In the majority of circumstances, your septic tank is capable of performing its functions on its own. Some people, on the other hand, may require the purchase of a septic tank pump in order to remove waste from their septic tank that would otherwise be impossible to remove. If you’re not sure whether or not you require a septic tank pump, the following information can help you decide. Due to the fact that septic tanks are meant to dispose of waste on their own, septic tank pumping is not usually required as part of the procedure.
One of the most difficult situations is a septic tank where the last waste disposal point is located on an incline, making it impossible for gravity to assist in draining the tank.
Because septic tank pumping entails the use of a submersible pump to remove excess waste from the tank, you won’t have to worry about anything else except paying for the necessary installation.
Things to Note
Taking good care of your septic system is essential if you want to avoid having to spend thousands of dollars on repairs or deal with nasty conditions in your yard. Even with that in mind, it’s critical that you understand a few fundamental concepts concerning your septic system. For starters, be certain that your septic system has been properly built. If you want to limit pumping to a bare minimum, you should also avoid flushing things that take a long time to degrade down the drain. Speaking of which, you should have your septic tank emptied at least once every three to five years.
When excavating, keep in mind that you’ll be digging up the bottom of a septic system, so proceed with extreme caution to prevent damage.
Here to Help
For those who have previously only known sewer systems, switching to a septic system may seem like a daunting endeavor, but it isn’t the end of the world in most cases. You’re fine to go as long as you learn the fundamentals of maintenance and upkeep for your vehicle. Unquestionably, having a plumber on hand who is knowledgeable about septic tanks and septic tank pumping is a huge asset. If you’re searching for some of the most professional plumbing services inCleveland, TN, you can rely on the professionals at Metro Plumbing, Heating, and Air, who have years of experience.
Septic Drain Field Repair & Installation
Drain fields, also known as leach fields, are critical to the proper operation of your septic system’s pumping system. This type of subsurface system returns clean, filtered wastewater to your water table before releasing it back into the environment. When you require a new septic system or a less expensive septic tank pumping service on your property, turn to the plumbing professionals at The Original Plumber for assistance.
Our qualified and educated technicians guarantee that your new septic drain field installation in Atlanta, GA, fulfills the demands of your property and complies with local municipal standards to pump your septic tank in Atlanta, GA.
The Importance of a Well-Working Septic Drain Field
Pumping fees for a 1000-gallon tank can range from $5 to $15 per hour. One thing to keep in mind is that if your tank is inaccessible due to external circumstances or unlocatable due to its depth exceeding 18 inches, you may incur additional fees. The cost of removing the tank from beneath a deck, concrete, or any other major landscaping other than soil and grass will be added to the total cost of the tank removal. This additional fee will be discussed with you BEFORE any work is completed.
Performing Home and Business Septic Drain Field Replacements
A well-designed septic drain field is essential for the efficient operation of your septic system. Whether your present drain field is inadequate or you want a new, high-quality septic system, our expert plumbing specialists are available to assist you. Our plumbing firm is delighted to service both residential and commercial customers, with a particular emphasis on septicdrain field replacement, as well as new installations and repairs. Contact us now to learn more. Because they have over 20 years of combined expertise, our skilled team members are well-equipped to design and install the most appropriate system for your home or commercial facility.
Here are Signs of a Septic Tank Drain Field Problem:
The likelihood that you have an aseptic drain field problem in your house is high if you notice a foul odor in your home and cannot find a reason for it. As a result of improper drainage, effluent or wastewater will build up on and around the soil surface, emitting an unpleasant odor that may be smelled by everyone in your home. As soon as you discover this symptom, contact a professional plumber who specializes in septic system repair. Some individuals make the mistake of pumping out their tanks before they are full.
It will not totally eliminate the septic system’s troubles.
2. Stagnant water
Another typical source of drain field issues is clogging of the drain field. A septic tank examination should be scheduled as soon as you see puddles of unexplained water in or around your home or property. Most of the time, stagnating water is produced by an excessive collection of effluent from the drainage system. Eventually, if there isn’t enough space, the water will overflow onto the ground. Leaving this type of stagnant water in your house might be hazardous to the health of your children and pets.
3. Drainage issues
In the event that your aseptic tank drain field is not operating properly, backups and blockages in your house will almost certainly occur. If you are experiencing drain issues in your bathtub, sinks, or shower on a consistent basis, it is likely that you have drain field difficulties. If your toilet has begun to flush more slowly than normal, or if your toilet has stopped flushing altogether, this might be an indication that there is a problem with your septic system. The most reliable approach to be certain is to engage a professional to undertake a septic tank system examination on your property.
If you only want to keep the problem contained for a short time, quick remedies are ideal.
A lasting remedy, on the other hand, necessitates a complete inspection that will aid in the identification of the root of the problem. Septic experts that are certified and skilled in this field should be called in to perform this task.
4. Increased plant growth
Green grass, plant growth, and lush vegetation in a drain field region are all indicators that your septic system is malfunctioning. When a drain field leaks more frequently than normal or becomes clogged with effluent that is meant to remain inside the tank, the indicators will be visible from the outside. You will notice a significant rise in the growth of plants in the vicinity of the septic tank. When compared to any other portion of your home, the additional nutrients and wastewater in that particular region will accelerate the development of plants in that particular area.
5. Returning flow
There are some septic issues that cannot be discovered only by pumping and require further testing. However, some of these problems can only be discovered during routine maintenance or when a tank is being repaired by a specialist. In the event that there is sewage entering the tank through an outlet that is being reversed, a professional will be able to detect this. Unless water is allowed to seep into a drain field, it will have no other option except to return to the tank whenever a new opening is formed.
Regular septic repair can help you achieve this goal more successfully and efficiently.
Why septic system maintenance is important
There’s an ancient proverb that states “out of sight, out of mind.” This is certainly true. When it comes to septic tank maintenance, this is absolutely not the case. Regularly maintaining your septic tank may save you a significant amount of money in the long run by reducing the need for continuous repairs. You must constantly monitor the operation of your septic system to verify that it is operating properly. In addition to lowering the value of your property, a non-functional or badly kept septic tank might result in legal complications if you decide to sell your home.
Your children’s and other family members’ health may be negatively affected by an open sewage system, which can pollute the environment and produce pollution.
Phosphorus, nitrogen, viruses, and disease-causing bacteria are just a few of the contaminants that may be discovered in effluent.
How to maximize the health and life of your septic system
- Have your complete septic system tested on a regular basis by a professional
- Every three to five years, have your septic tank emptied out. Make certain that your system is being treated with the appropriate treatment solutions
What does a septic tank inspection include?
There are various components to an aseptic tank examination. Here are only a few examples:
- Identifying the location of the septic system
- Locating and sealing entry holes Putting the toilet seat down
- Checking to see whether there is any evidence of backup
- Identifying and repairing any leaks that are discovered
- The examination of mechanical components. If it is necessary, the tank can be pumped. Measuring the thickness of the sludge and crust layers
In many homes and businesses, a septic tank is an essential part of the plumbing system. However, because they are not readily apparent, it is always simple to lose sight of them and forget about them. The need of frequently monitoring your system for any faults as a home owner or property manager should not be overlooked. For Septic Tank Services and Repair, get in touch with The Original Plumber. Drain Field Repair can help you extend the life of your system’s working components. The overfilling of a septic tank causes grease, sludge, and other materials to enter the rain field and overflow, resulting in sewage backups in your plumbing fixtures.
If you see indicators of a septic tank drain field problem, contact us and we’ll send one of our expert plumbers to your location to fix the problem and return your system to full function.
Common Septic Tank Problems and How to Fix Them
In the absence of professional plumbing training, it can be difficult to evaluate whether or not you are experiencing problems with your septic tank. If you live in a rural region, your septic tank may be your only means of treating and disposing of the waste generated by your household. The waste from your home is dumped into a septic tank leach field, which is also known as a septic drain field, once it has left your home. An underground facility designed to remove contaminants from the liquid that emerges after passing through the septic tank, the septic tank leach field is also known as a septic tank treatment field.
Fortunately, there are various symptoms that suggest that the leach field of an aseptic tank or the septic tank itself is malfunctioning.
- There is backup in your home’s drainage system or toilets. Backups and obstructions are most commonly caused by a septic tank that hasn’t been emptied in a long time, according to the EPA. A failed leach field in your septic tank means that the water that leaves your home will not be handled and treated at all. Your drains will become clogged as a result. The toilets in your home are taking a long time to flush — If all of the toilets in your home take a long time to flush, it might be a sign that your septic tank is overflowing. Due to the fact that this sludge is not being handled by your drain field as efficiently as it should be, it is creating delays in your toilet flushing. It takes longer for sinks and baths to drain now than it used to – A clogged septic drain field may be to fault if your sinks or bathtubs aren’t emptying as rapidly as they should be under normal circumstances. A septic drain field replacement may be necessary if you find yourself waiting an excessive amount of time for the tub to drain after a bath or for the sink to empty after cleaning dishes. It is discovered that there is standing water near your drain field or septic tank – The presence of standing water near your drain field or septic tank is the most obvious indication that your septic tank has been flooded and that your septic leach field is failing. Water remains in your septic tank after it has been cleaned and processed, and this is what causes standing water in your yard. Your septic tank and drain field begin to smell foul near your house or business — Both your septic tank and septic drain field should be free of foul odors, both outside and within your home. Carbon dioxide, methane, and hydrogen sulfide, all of which may be present in household garbage, are responsible for the scents you are smelling. In the vicinity of your leach field, you may notice a strong rotten egg stench, which may signal that sewage is seeping. Your health and safety, as well as the health and safety of others, are at risk as a result of this. You should contact a septic drain field replacement company as soon as possible at this point.
- What is the best way to determine when to empty a septic tank? How to Unclog a Drain Pipe (with Pictures)
Signs That Indicate you Need an Immediate Drain Field Replacement
So, how can you determine whether you require a septic drain field replacement rather than only a repair? The following are indications that you require an emergency drain field replacement:
- Septic tank failure due to a failure to clean or pump waste out of the tank on a regular basis – If you don’t follow your septic tank cleaning plan, you run the danger of having a septic drain field replacement sooner rather than later. Maintaining your septic tank and having it examined at least once every three to five years helps ensure that your drain field is functioning correctly. The number of people living in your home, whether or not you have a garbage disposal, whether or not you use water softeners, how many guests will be in your home at the same time, how often you do laundry, and whether or not you have a sewerejector pump all influence how often you need to have your septic tank pumped. This one is rather self-explanatory: you have broken pipes in your drain field. If your plumber is checking the pipes leading to and from your leach field and detects a break in the pipes, you will need to have a septic drain field replacement performed immediately. In the event of a septic pipe break that cannot be repaired, new pipes or a complete system may be required. Lack of oxygen in the septic tank as a result of a significant amount of grease – An excessive amount of grease in your septic tank system results in the formation of a “scum” layer. It is possible that your leach field is being replaced. Following an overabundance of grease being dumped into your septic tank, the drain holes and piping leading to your drain field will get clogged, necessitating the replacement of the whole system. Tree roots placing strain on your drain field piping — When tree roots begin to grow into your drain field piping, it might spell doom for your drainage infrastructure. These tree roots have the ability to develop swiftly and will seek out a source of water as soon as they can. If the pipes delivering water to your leach field are large enough, the tree roots will eventually find their way there, perhaps rupturing the piping system. Compaction of soil caused by heavy machinery or automobiles near your septic tank drain field – Drain fields that are close to air pockets in the soil surrounding them. When heavy equipment or automobiles are parked or put on top of or near the leach field, it can cause issues for the system to malfunction. A compacted soil environment encourages water to collect near your septic field.
Common Septic Tank Problems and How to Fix Them
You probably don’t give much thought to what happens to your extra water after it has been flushed down the toilet unless anything starts to go wrong with the plumbing. It is critical that you do thorough septic tank repair on a regular basis in order to minimize costly damage. You must first locate your septic tank before proceeding with any further steps. Due to the complexity of your septic system’s operation, and the fact that much of it is underground, issues with it can often go undiagnosed for extended periods of time.
Most likely, one of these five factors is to blame for any septic tank issues you’re now experiencing.
Clogs in Your Septic System
In order to determine whether or not you have a septic tank problem, remember back to the last time your tank was cleaned. Septic tanks accumulate waste over time, and grey water drains through your septic tank to drain pipes that are buried underground in the earth in your yard. In the event that your tank becomes overflowing, you may begin to notice that your drains are becoming slower and that your toilet is becoming backed up. Each and every source of water in your home passes through your septic system before being used.
- If you have had your septic tank drained within the last year or two, you will most likely not need to have it pumped out again.
- If you notice that all of your drains are draining slowly, you most likely have a clog in one of the lines that drain away from your property.
- Because the diameter of these pipes ranges from 4 to 8 inches, they are likely to be thinner in certain regions than others.
- You may be experiencing some sewage backup into plumbing fixtures in your house or accumulating near your septic tank if your drains are working properly but you’re not sure what’s causing it.
- It’s possible that the problem is in your septic tank’s entrance baffle, which you should be able to see if you have access to this area of the tank.
If there is a blockage in this baffle, you should be able to tell immediately. In certain cases, pushing the clog via the access port may be sufficient to clear it out. If you’re unclear of how to access any of this, you should seek the advice of a professional plumber.
Tree Roots are Infiltrating Your Pipes
Tree roots that are in the way of a septic tank’s operation can also be a source of problems. Whether sewage is beginning to back up into your drains, there are inexplicable cracks in your driveway and sidewalk, or you notice persistent puddles and damp spots in your grass even when it hasn’t rained, it is possible that roots have penetrated your plumbing system. Roots may develop fractures in your drain pipes, and if they continue to grow over time, these fissures can expand and cause significant damage.
The installation of modern, plastic pipes that are capable of withstanding root damage can help you avoid the problem of root penetration.
Root growth inhibitors are also recommended if you have trees near to where your pipes are located, since this will prevent them from growing.
You should chop down any trees whose roots are penetrating your pipes and remove the stumps in order to prevent roots from sprouting back after you’ve cleaned out your pipes if you are able to bear the thought of doing so.
Leaks in Sewage Tank or Lines
Many homeowners dream of having lush, green grass, but if your lawn is vibrantly green but the plants around it are dead, it might be an indication of a septic tank leak, according to the American Septic Tank Association. Experiencing unexplained green grass might also be an indication that your septic tank is pumping out an excessive amount of water, soaking your yard. Moreover, there may even be sewage accumulating in your yard in this situation. This is an issue that should be addressed by a plumbing specialist as soon as possible in order to minimize any potential health risks and costly damage to your property.
IncorrectSeptic Tank Installation
The proper installation of a septic system allows the system to operate smoothly. Know if the firm who built your septic system done it in an accurate and timely manner? Most likely, if you bought an older property, you have no idea who built the septic system in the first place. Furthermore, because you can’t look into your septic system, you have no idea what’s going on down there as well. Failure to bury the tank deeply enough, installing the incorrect-size tank, or utilizing the incorrect soil in the drainfield are all examples of installation problems that can result in septic tank failure.
Increased Water Use
Before it overflows, your septic tank can only contain a certain amount of water. Septic tanks can collapse if there is a high number of people who depend on them for their water. If you have a big family, expect a significant number of long-term guests, or often hold parties, you should get your tank examined to ensure that it is the proper size. If this is the case, you may need to consider upgrading to a larger tank. Your septic system is capable of withstanding a lot of abuse, and it should continue to function well for many years provided it is properly maintained.
If you see any indicators of septic tank difficulties, such as clogged pipes, root infiltration, or sewage leaks, act promptly and call The Original Plumber for a septic tank check to ensure that any problems are resolved as soon and efficiently as possible.
Types of Septic Systems
Septic system design and size can differ significantly from one neighborhood to the next, as well as throughout the country, due to a variety of variables. Household size, soil type, slope of the site, lot size, closeness to sensitive water bodies, weather conditions, and even municipal ordinances are all considerations to take into consideration. The following are 10 of the most often encountered septic system configurations. It should be noted that this is not an exhaustive list; there are several additional types of septic systems.
- Septic Tank, Conventional System, Chamber System, Drip Distribution System, Aerobic Treatment Unit, Mound Systems, Recirculating Sand Filter System, Evapotranspiration System, Constructed Wetland System, Cluster / Community System, etc.
This tank is underground and waterproof, and it was designed and built specifically for receiving and partially treating raw home sanitary wastewater. Generally speaking, heavy materials settle at or near the bottom of the tank, whereas greases and lighter solids float to the surface. The sediments are retained in the tank, while the wastewater is sent to the drainfield for further treatment and dispersion once it has been treated.
Septic tanks and trench or bed subsurface wastewater infiltration systems are two types of decentralized wastewater treatment systems (drainfield). When it comes to single-family homes and small businesses, a traditional septic system is the most common type of system. For decades, people have used a gravel/stone drainfield as a method of water drainage. The term is derived from the process of constructing the drainfield. A short underground trench made of stone or gravel collects wastewater from the septic tank in this configuration, which is commonly used.
Effluent filters through the stone and is further cleaned by microorganisms once it reaches the soil below the gravel/stone trench, which is located below the trench.
Gravelless drainfields have been regularly utilized in various states for more than 30 years and have evolved into a standard technology that has mostly replaced gravel systems. Various configurations are possible, including open-bottom chambers, pipe that has been clothed, and synthetic materials such as expanded polystyrene media. Gravelless systems can be constructed entirely of recycled materials, resulting in considerable reductions in carbon dioxide emissions during their lifetime. The chamber system is a type of gravelless system that can be used as an example.
The key advantage of the chamber system is the enhanced simplicity with which it can be delivered and built.
This sort of system is made up of a number of chambers that are connected to one another.
Wastewater is transported from the septic tank to the chambers through pipes. The wastewater comes into touch with the earth when it is contained within the chambers. The wastewater is treated by microbes that live on or near the soil.
Drip Distribution System
An effluent dispersal system such as the drip distribution system may be employed in a variety of drainfield configurations and is very versatile. In comparison to other distribution systems, the drip distribution system does not require a vast mound of dirt because the drip laterals are only placed into the top 6 to 12 inches of soil. In addition to requiring a big dosage tank after the sewage treatment plant to handle scheduled dose delivery of wastewater to drip absorption areas, the drip distribution system has one major disadvantage: it is more expensive.
Aerobic Treatment Unit
Aerobic Treatment Units (ATUs) are small-scale wastewater treatment facilities that employ many of the same procedures as a municipal sewage plant. An aerobic system adds oxygen to the treatment tank using a pump. When there is an increase in oxygen in the system, there is an increase in natural bacterial activity, which then offers extra treatment for nutrients in the effluent. It is possible that certain aerobic systems may additionally include a pretreatment tank as well as a final treatment tank that will include disinfection in order to further lower pathogen levels.
ATUs should be maintained on a regular basis during their service life.
Using mound systems in regions with short soil depth, high groundwater levels, or shallow bedrock might be a good alternative. A drainfield trench has been dug through the sand mound that was erected. The effluent from the septic tank runs into a pump chamber, where it is pumped to the mound in the amounts recommended. During its release to the trench, the effluent filters through the sand and is dispersed into the native soil, where it continues to be treated. However, while mound systems can be an effective solution for some soil conditions, they demand a significant amount of land and require regular care.
Recirculating Sand Filter System
Sand filter systems can be built either above or below ground, depending on the use. The effluent is discharged from the septic tank into a pump compartment. Afterwards, it is pushed into the sand filter. The sand filter is often made of PVC or a concrete box that is filled with a sand-like substance. The effluent is pushed through the pipes at the top of the filter under low pressure to the drain. As the effluent exits the pipelines, it is treated as it passes through the sand filtering system.
However, sand filters are more costly than a standard septic system because they provide a higher level of nutrient treatment and are thus better suited for areas with high water tables or that are adjacent to bodies of water.
Evaporative cooling systems feature drainfields that are one-of-a-kind. It is necessary to line the drainfield at the base of the evapotranspiration system with a waterproof material. Following the entry of the effluent into the drainfield, it evaporates into the atmosphere. At the same time, the sewage never filters into the soil and never enters groundwater, unlike other septic system designs. It is only in particular climatic circumstances that evapotranspiration systems are effective. The environment must be desert, with plenty of heat and sunshine, and no precipitation.
Constructed Wetland System
Construction of a manufactured wetland is intended to simulate the treatment processes that occur in natural wetland areas. Wastewater goes from the septic tank and into the wetland cell, where it is treated. Afterwards, the wastewater goes into the media, where it is cleaned by microorganisms, plants, and other media that eliminate pathogens and nutrients. Typically, a wetland cell is constructed with an impermeable liner, gravel and sand fill, and the necessary wetland plants, all of which must be capable of withstanding the constant saturation of the surrounding environment.
As wastewater travels through the wetland, it may escape the wetland and flow onto a drainfield, where it will undergo more wastewater treatment before being absorbed into the soil by bacteria.
Cluster / Community System
In certain cases, a decentralized wastewater treatment system is owned by a group of people and is responsible for collecting wastewater from two or more residences or buildings and transporting it to a treatment and dispersal system placed on a suitable location near the dwellings or buildings. Cluster systems are widespread in settings like rural subdivisions, where they may be found in large numbers.
How to Install a Septic Tank and Field Line Sewer System
The installation of a septic tank is not a do-it-yourself activity. Image courtesy of Kwangmoozaa/iStock/Getty Images. You shouldn’t try to build a septic system yourself unless you are a heavy equipment operator or a professional. Even if you have heavy gear at your disposal and are familiar with how to use it, you will still require a significant amount of expert assistance. There are many professionals you’ll need: a soil expert to assess the site, an engineer to design an acceptable system, a plumbing contractor to construct and connect pipes, and maybe an electrician to assist with the installation of any pumps or timers that may be necessary.
Septic System Design Variations
A total of nine different types of septic systems are listed by the United States Environmental Protection Agency, and that doesn’t even include systems that are not gravity-fed and instead rely on a transfer pump. Septic tanks and a drain field sunk into the earth are the components of the traditional septic system. This is the system that most people envision, but it is only one of several options, and it is not necessarily the best one. It is possible that local health authorities will require an additional system, depending on the soil quality, topography, drainage conditions, anticipated usage, and other factors; in this case, it is necessary to hire an engineer who will work with the health authorities to design and obtain the necessary permits.
Some septic systems need the importation of filler materials such as sand, gravel, or other filler materials, as well as septic components other than the typical tank and perforated drain pipes, in order to function properly.
Installation Isn’t a Straight Shot
The designs are in hand, but it is not always a straight line from there to the actual installation for the homeowner who is working with an engineering firm. Mr. Rooter, in fact, gives the following advise to homeowners who are considering installing their own septic components: Don’t. Just too many things may go wrong with a system, leading to poor drainage, inadequate plumbing in the house, or pollution of the local water table, to mention. For those who are inclined to do it themselves, or for whom the circumstances demand that they do it themselves, and who have access to an excavator and crane, the installation of a standard system is quite straightforward to comprehend and execute.
Installing a Conventional Septic System
A traditional septic installation begins with the excavation of a hole for the tank in accordance with the placement specifications provided on your approved plan. After putting the tank into the hole, you link it to the building sewer using 3- or 4-inch waste pipe, which must maintain a minimum slope toward the tank, and you run a drain pipe from the other end of the tank to a distribution box positioned in the drain field, as shown in the diagram. After that, you’ll need to dig a series of parallel trenches that will reach from this box all the way across the drain field.
- Connect the pipes to the distribution box and cover the pipes with a sheet of plywood.
- In order for a gravity-fed septic system to function properly, the building and drain field must be on a consistent downhill slope.
- An alarm system that warns you if a fault occurs must be linked to the pump in addition to the power source.
- For this reason, having the pump installed by a professional electrician who can guarantee the job is highly advised.
Septic drainage field: Installation Guide
Construction of a foul water drainage field is governed by a set of rules and regulations that must be followed in order to comply with the law and dispose of foul water in a safe and appropriate manner. These instructions will walk you through the process of installing a drainage field to treat the wastewater that is discharged from a septic tank.
Design the septic tank soakaway to avoid blockages
Because of the way a foul water drainage system is designed, it should not become clogged if the system is implemented correctly.
Although we have summarized the items below, it is vital to consult the Building Regulations Part H before building a septic tank soakaway to verify that the installation fulfills the needed criteria.
Where to lay a drainage field
The following should be included in a drainage field:
- The property is 10 metres from any watercourse, 15 metres from any building, 50 metres away from any water supply, and is completely distinct from any other subterranean services such as water supply pipes or other underground services. There should be no paved areas, access roads, or driveways in the way.
This assures that the pipes will not be bent or damaged by large loads above them, such as cars or buildings, as well as that the water from the soakaway will not reach a watercourse, which would be in violation of recent Environment Agency standards on the subject. Drainage fields should not be situated beneath or near any of the following:
- Buildings, boundaries, driveways, parking lots, trees, rivers, streams, or other watercourses, other drainage fields or soakaways (including surface water soakaways), and other features are included in this category.
Establishing the groundwater table
In order to ensure that the ground is capable of handling more water from a soakaway before installation begins, it is necessary to determine whether or not the ground is capable of receiving the water. The first step is to locate the location of the groundwater table that is still standing. Digging a 1m2trial hole to a depth of at least 1.5m below the invert level of the intended drainage field pipework will accomplish this. The groundwater table shall not rise above the invert level by more than 1 meter.
It is necessary to do a percolation test to ensure the ground has adequate drainage to manage the volume of water that will be discharged from the drainage field. The following procedures should be followed in order to conduct a percolation test:
- Using a 300mm square hole, dig down to a depth of 300mm below the projected invert level of the drainage field. Fill the hole with water and allow it to leak out over night to prevent mold growth. Replenish and time how long it takes for the water to drain away from 75 percent to 25 percent of the hole the next day. Take this time and multiply it by 150. It is only when the final number is between 12 and 100 that drainage fields are appropriate. To ensure that you get the best results, repeat this test at least three times using at least two different holes. It is not recommended to do the test during periods of heavy rain, severe frost, or drought.
Geotextiles are permeable fabrics that promote ground stability and water filtration while also preventing soil layers from mixing with one another. Geotextiles are used in construction and agriculture. Once a drainage field has been created, a geotextile will play a crucial role in ensuring that it is properly protected. A failure to use one would put the drainage field at danger of being clogged with silt, leaves, or compacted soil from above if the pipes were constructed and covered without one.
Design and Construction
Part H: Drainage and Waste Disposal, according to the Building Regulations of 2010.
- When designing and constructing drainage fields, it is important to consider how much aerobic contact will occur between the liquid effluent and the subsoil. It is recommended that drainage fields be made using perforated pipe, which should be installed in trenches with a constant gradient that is not steeper than 1:200. a 300mm layer of clean shingle or broken stone, graded between 20mm and 50mm, should be placed down before the pipes are installed. Tunnels should be filled to a level 50mm above the pipe and protected with a layer of nonwoven geotextile to prevent silt from entering. The remainder of the trench may be filled with dirt, and the distribution pipes should be installed at a depth of at least 500mm below the surface of the ground, if possible. Drainage trenches should be between 300mm and 900mm broad, with expanses of undisturbed land between parallel trenches of at least 2m width maintained between them. In between the septic tank and the drainage field, an inspection or a sample chamber should be constructed. A continuous loop feeding from the inspection chamber should be laid out for the drainage fields.
Contact JDP’s Technical Support Team if you have any more questions about septic drainage field construction. They will be able to assist you with your questions.