- You start a conventional septic installation by digging a hole for the tank following placement instructions detailed on your approved plan. After dropping the tank into the hole, you connect it to the building sewer with 3- or 4-inch waste pipe, which must maintain a minimum slope toward the tank, and you extend a drain pipe from the other end of the tank to a distribution box located in the drain field.
Can I install my own leach field?
You may also need to pull a permit to put in a new leach field. A leach field is an important part of a septic system. It disperses fluid from the septic system over a large area of soil adjacent to the building it services. Building your own leach field is physically difficult, but it can save you lots of money.
How deep should a septic drain field be?
A typical drainfield trench is 18 to 30 inches in depth, with a maximum soil cover over the disposal field of 36 inches.
How big does a septic tank drainage field need to be?
Drainage trenches should be from 300mm to 900mm wide, with areas of undisturbed ground 2m wide being maintained between parallel trenches. An inspection or a sample chamber should be installed between the septic tank and the drainage field.
Can you have a septic tank without a leach field?
The waste from most septic tanks flows to a soakaway system or a drainage field. If your septic tank doesn’t have a drainage field or soakaway system, the waste water will instead flow through a sealed pipe and empty straight into a ditch or a local water course.
Do drain field worms work?
Their burrowing near the surface actually helped the septic wastewater spread through the soil more evenly, resulting in better cleansing of the water. Had they been nightcrawlers, the worm burrows might have drained the trenches so fast that it would bypass the soil filtering.
How much does it cost to pump a septic tank?
How much does it cost to pump out a septic tank? The average cost is $300, but can run up to $500, depending on your location. The tank should be pumped out every three to five years.
Can you put a garden over a septic field?
Planting over a septic leach field (drain field) is possible if it is done with care. If you have limited space on your property where you can garden, the leach field may be the only spot for landscaping. Vegetable gardening over a leach field is not recommended.
Can you put a greenhouse over a septic field?
A greenhouse can be erected on a septic field to grow certain types of plants. The greenhouse should not have permanent foundations, which could easily damage the septic system. Do not plant directly into the ground over a septic field, as the plants could absorb contaminants released by the system.
How far should leach field be from house?
Local codes and regulations that stipulate the distance of the septic tank from the house vary depending on the locale, but the typical minimum distance is 10 feet.
What kind of pipe is used for septic drain field?
Corrugated pipe is typically used for drain fields. Septic systems use drain fields to treat the septic tank effluent for the removal of impurities and contaminants. The field is made up of trenches typically containing washed “drainrock” or gravel.
What can I use instead of a septic tank?
Alternative Septic Systems
- Raised Bed (Mound) Septic Tank Systems. A raised bed drain field (sometimes called a mound) is just like what it sounds.
- Aerobic Treatment Systems (ATS) Aerobic systems are basically a small scale sewage treatment system.
- Waterless Systems.
What is the difference between a septic tank and a leach field?
The septic tank stores solid waste products that are not reduced to liquid effluent until you have them pumped out and disposed of properly. The leech field is a series of perforated pipes that provide an effective means for disposing of contaminates without endangering animals or contaminating the ground water.
Is it OK to drive over drain field?
Can You Drive on a Septic Drain Field? No, driving over your septic drain field is similarly never ever recommended. As much as you are able to help it, prevent cars or heavy equipment (such as oil delivery trucks, swimming pool water trucks, cement mixers, and also the like) to drive straight over the field.
How to Install a Septic System
Documentation Download Documentation Download Documentation In rural regions of the nation where waste water treatment is not accessible, private on-site wastewater treatment systems (POWTS), also known as septic systems, are utilized largely to treat waste water. Gravity fed/conventional systems are divided into two broad categories: 1. gravity fed/conventional systems and 2. alternative (pump) systems, which include aerobic treatment units (ATUs.) In most cases, electric pumps are used in alternative systems.
However, in many health jurisdictions across the United States, it is still feasible for an individual property owner with heavy equipment operation skills to utilize a backhoe to establish a septic system on their land.
- 1 Make a plan and design for your system. Performing a site survey and conducting a percolation (soil) test on the area where the POWTS is to be placed are both required initial steps in any septic system installation. In order to create a system, it is necessary to first gather information from surveyors and conduct a soil test. It is then possible to submit an application for the necessary permissions and approvals.
- The following are some of the conclusions from the site survey that have an impact on the design:
- Available space
- Intended purpose and projected water demand depending on the size of the residence or building that the system will serve
- Location of the well and/or nearby wells
- And other factors.
- The following are examples of soil test findings that have an impact on the design:
- The soil type and layering (sand, clay, rock, and where it is placed in relation to depth)
- The soil’s ability to drain and filter wastewater
- And the soil’s ability to drain and filter wastewater
- 2Wait for clearance before proceeding. The system may be deployed once all of the relevant permissions and approvals have been obtained. Make certain that all of the steps listed below are carried out in accordance with all applicable laws, plumbing rules, and building codes. Advertisement
Please keep in mind that the following procedure assumes that the system is being installed for the first time and not as a replacement.
- 1 Assemble the equipment and tools that will be used throughout the dig. You will require the following items:
- Backhoe, laser transit, and grade pole are all included. A 4″ Sch. 40 PVC pipe (and fittings, if necessary)
- A 4″ ASTM D2729 perforated pipe
- A 4″ASTM D3034 pipe and fittings
- A 4″ Sch. 40 vent cap and test cap
- PVC primer and adhesive
- A 4″ Sch. 40 vent cap and test cap The following tools will be required: Saw (either hand saw or cordless reciprocating saw)
- Hammer drill and bits (for drilling through walls if necessary)
- The following items are required: hydraulic cement (to seal surrounding pipe if pipe is going through wall)
- Stone measuring an inch and a half and cleaned (amount varies depending on system size)
- Tape measurements (both ordinary and at least a 100-foot-long tape)
- Septic fabric (cut to 3′ length or less from a roll)
- Septic tank and risers (concrete or plastic if allowed)
- Riser sealant such as Con-Seal (for concrete) or silicone caulk (for plastic)
- A septic filter (such as a Zoeller 170 or similar) if one is necessary
- A distribution box (either concrete or plastic, if more than two laterals are being run)
- And a septic tank.
- 2 Determine the location of the entrance to the building in relation to the location of the septic tank. Make an excavation at least 2 feet deep and drill a hole through the wall, or go deeper and drill a hole beneath the footing, depending on your preference or the need. Because this is precisely what a gravity-fed system is designed to accomplish, expect the flow to continue to flow downhill from here. When transferring waste from the tank to the drain field, it does not employ any mechanical methods other than gravity.
- The pipe should be 4″ Sch. 40 and should extend at least five feet outside the structure toward the tank, either through the wall or beneath it. Set it level where it will pass through a wall or under a footing, and from there, run it with approximately 1/8″ of pitch (slope) every foot of length toward the septic tank until it reaches the tank. If necessary, go even farther into the tank or all the way into the tank. If this is the case, switch to 4″ 3034 with the appropriate adaptor and pipe 3034 toward the tank.
- Make sure you use a test cap on the end that will be entering the building. It is recommended that if you are going through a wall, you seal the area around the hole with hydraulic cement both inside and outside
- Do not run too much pitch out to the tank. If there is an excessive amount, the water will run away quicker than the sediments, resulting in the solids remaining in the pipe. Additionally, depending on the depth of your drain field and how close it will be to the tank’s outflow, there may not be enough pitch to get to the drain field.
- 3 Dig a hole large enough to accommodate the installation of the concrete aerobic tank below ground. Make use of the laser transit to “shoot” the top of the pipe that leads out to the tank with the laser. The distance between the top of the intake and the bottom of the tank is measured in feet and inches. To the number you fired off the top of the pipe, add this (go up on the grade pole) + 1 1/2″ to get the total. The depth of the grade pole has now been adjusted to the desired depth. Using this, continue to drill the hole to the desired depth
- Prepare your leech field by laying it out and excavating it according to the results of the test performed during the permit application procedure. Maintaining a good flow between the tank and the drain field should be considered when planning out and digging the tank.
- 4Use “inch-and-a-half cleaned drain rock” from a neighboring gravel dump to surround the pipe, which is required in most areas. This is necessary in order to keep the pipe stable. For further information on the size of embedment and gravel required, check with your local health department. Five-inch perforated pipe in a gravity drain field does not have a slope from one end to another and has capped ends
- Once you have received a green sticker from the health inspector, you must cover the pipe and tank. All places, subject to the restrictions of the local health authority, will be required to cover the drain rock with a specific filter fabric, newspaper, four inches of straw, or untreated construction paper before backfilling. Advertisement
- A pump chamber after the septic tank should be installed The pump chamber, also known as a pressure tank or dosing tank, is where the electric pump is housed, which is responsible for transporting wastewater from one location to another and finally into the drain field for final disposal.
- Set up the pump chamber in the same manner as you would a septic tank. The effluent pump and floats are housed in the pump chamber, and they are responsible for pumping the effluent out to the drain field at predetermined or scheduled intervals. This is a hermetically sealed system. To ensure that the electrical installation complies with state standards, it is frequently necessary to hire a qualified electrician. It is important to remember that in places with high groundwater, the pump chamber or additional ATUs may remain essentially empty for long periods of time, and that these tanks may need to be safeguarded from floating by the installation of additional weight or other protective features.
- Secondly, all construction details, including the layout of all sewers outside of the home, the location and depth of all tanks, the routing and depth of pressurized effluent lines, and other system components, such as the drain field and any additional ATUs, must be consistent with the septic system plans approved by the local county health department. Cover the tank and pressurized lines once the inspector has given his final clearance and the system has been turned on. Advertisement
Create a new question
- Question I had a tank put, but it isn’t level with the ground. What will be the ramifications of this, and should it be leveled? It is necessary to keep the tank level. It is difficult to predict what it will have an impact on because we do not know which direction it is off level. Question Is it necessary to be concerned about tree roots growing into the drainage area when using a gravity flow kind of tank? Whether or whether you have lateral lines is dependent on the kind of trees that are growing close or above them. Tree species that tend to extend roots into the lateral lines and obstruct them are known as ramifications. Due to the fact that they are buried deep in the ground and surrounded by a pocket of gravel that allows waste water to drain out, they are rarely affected by grass, weeds, and shrubs. Question What is the maximum depth that a pipe may be lowered into the leech bed? The majority of systems require 12 volts “in the form of rock The perforated pipe should be suspended in the top area of the rock
- It should not be touching the rock. Question Maintaining a lush green grass on or above your pitch is it safe, or is it a good practice? According to what I’ve heard, brown or dead grass is preferred so that your field can breathe more easily. It is necessary for your field to take a breath. The presence of green grass across your field indicates that it is functioning well. With lush grass covering your field, it will be able to breathe. There should be no planting of woody shrubs or trees over the leach field. Question What is the recommended distance between the septic tank and the house/boundary? A minimum of fifty feet is required. States have different laws, but this is the most common distance
- Nonetheless, other states have stricter laws. Question What is the average amount of soil that goes into a residential leach field? It is dependent on how chilly it becomes. There are no less than 12 in the northern United States “in the leach field’s surface
- Question Is it possible to build a septic system during the cold months? What you should do will depend on whether or not you reside in a place where the ground freezes. Question What amount of water should I put in the tank to get it going? None. A typical tank holds 1,000 gallons and will fill up quite quickly if used on a regular basis. When liquid effluent is discharged to the drain field, the goal is to catch and pre-treat particles that have accumulated. It is possible that a pump system will require water to prime the pump. Question There is a misalignment between my septic field’s underground line and the pipe on the tank. Is it OK to utilize a 90-degree elbow on my septic tank? As long as you have decent downhill flow, you should be fine. Instead of using a 90, I would use two 45s. Question If I’m installing a septic system, when should I contact an inspector? Immediately following system installation but before earth is used to cover the system in place Always check with the inspector ahead of time to verify that they can satisfy your inspection needs
More information on the replies Inquire about something There are 200 characters remaining. Include your email address so that you may be notified when this question has been resolved. SubmitAdvertisement
- The use of aerobic bacterial additions (which are available at most DIY stores) to maintain a healthy and well functioning system, as suggested by producers on a periodic basis, is contentious. The septic tank is an anaerobic (wet) environment in which the majority of yeasts and other additions will have little or no effect on the sewage being processed. When it comes to installing septic tanks, some old school installers believe that placing an additive, a shovel of muck, or even a dead cat in an empty tank will “start” the process. What naturally enters the tank serves as the only thing that is necessary. The aerobic (wet or dry) component of the system consists of hundreds of square feet of drain field, where additives will do little help even if they make it all the way to the end of the system. The use of chemicals in septic systems has not been the subject of an independent research that has been published in a respectable scientific publication anywhere in the world, including this nation. This will mostly certainly be confirmed by your local health department. Each phase of the building process will almost certainly include an examination by a health inspector before the work can be completed or covered up. On pressurized lines, the use of a sand embedment is recommended in order to reduce the amount of damage caused by moving soil that has a high concentration of clay. When pumps are turned on and off, pressurized lines might move as well. Four inches (10.2 cm) of sand bedding on all four sides of the lines will prevent sharp pebbles from the ground or backfill from wearing holes in the pipe over time
Thank you for submitting a suggestion for consideration! Advertisement
- Keep the perforated pipe for the leech field in a vertical position while installing it to avoid having the holes in the pipe turn downward. It is necessary to lay the perforated drain field pipe ASTM 2729 dead level, so that the printed line on the pipe is facing up. The perforations on both sides of the pipe are on both sides of the pipe. All of the sections of perforated pipe are cemented together, and the ends of each leach line are capped to complete the installation. So, when waste water enters the pipe, it will fill the pipe to the height of the perforations and overflow from ALL of the holes, utilising the whole leach field as a means of treatment. In certain health authorities, you can utilize waste water to water grass or decorative plants, trees, vegetable gardens, and fruit trees if you place the perforated pipe on a slope. However, the water must first be cleaned by the system (tertiary treatment includes disinfection) in order to prevent pathogens (germs) from the septic system from being discharged into the environment throughout the process. Make sure to check with your local health authority to verify if the practice known as “reuse” is permitted in your community.
Things You’ll Need
- The following tools are required: backhoe tractor, trencher, shovel, contractor’s laser level and rod, or a surveyor’s transit. Septic tanks
- PVC pipe with perforations
- Material for embedding
- PVC adhesive, PVC fittings, and a septic tank outlet filter are all included. Hand saw
- Course file
- Sandpaper If necessary, effluent pumps and floats are installed. If an alternate system is used, a control panel is installed.
About This Article
The writers of this page have together authored a page that has been read 498,372 times.
Did this article help you?
Credit for the image: Panya /iStock/Getty Images Although it takes time to construct a septic drain field properly, the effort is worth it in the long run. Septic tanks have a lifespan of 15 to 30 years. Drain fields, also known as leach fields, do not persist for very long periods of time, unfortunately. A drain field can survive up to ten years if it is installed in a well-drained location with excellent ground absorption. Drain fields can be divided into four portions of 25 feet each, or two sections of 50 feet each, depending on the layout you select for your drainage system.
Step 1: Do Your Research
To find out whether a permit is necessary for the installation of an aseptic field line or whether the health department must examine the drain field during construction or after it is completed, check with your local county office and health department for further information. It is almost always necessary to obtain a permit and have your property inspected.
Step 2: Determine Soil Drainage/Absorption
In order to assess the soil’s absorption capacity, dig a hole in it. Soil testing may usually be performed for a minimal price by the local Department of Agriculture office if you live in a rural area. A drain field should not be constructed in an area with poor drainage. A septic drain field should be located 10 feet away from the house or any body of water, as well as 10 feet away from gardens and edibles.
Step 3: Locate Underground Utilities
Before you begin digging, contact a utility finding provider to ensure that you do not accidentally cut any underground utility lines while digging. Spray paint or flags will be used to designate the ground above any lines that are drawn by the firm.
It is possible that you will be held accountable for the expense of restoring the cables if the lines are not clearly designated and one or more of them are severed because you did not have them marked.
Step 4: Dig Drain Field Trenches
It is recommended that each drain-field trench be at least 3 to 4 feet broad and 3 to 4 feet deep. For a 1,000-gallon septic tank, there should be at least 100 feet of drain field. This can be performed by digging four 25-foot-long trenches or two 50-foot-long trenches, as appropriate. Each 8 feet of pipe should be placed in a trench with a modest downward inclination of no more than 1/4 inch per foot of pipe. A downhill slope that is too steep might result in drainage issues since the waste could pool at the end of the trench.
Step 5: Add Gravel and Perforated Pipe
Fill in the trench with a thick layer of gravel that is at least 1 foot deep and extends the length of the trench. It would be preferable to have one and a half feet of gravel. Place a perforated pipe into the trench on top of the gravel and join the pipe to the septic tank drain using a clamp.
Step 6: Add More Gravel
Another half-inch of gravel should be placed on top of the perforated pipe, with additional gravel placed around the edges. Septic fabric should be placed over the gravel to prevent loose dirt from entering into the rocks. Backfill the trench with the dirt that was previously taken from the trench by raking it up and into the trench. Approximately a week later, once the earth has had a chance to settle a little, pile some additional dirt on top of the trench in order to elevate the level of the soil until it is equal with the surrounding ground and to prevent rainfall from gathering in the depression.
Septic Tank Installation and Pricing
To process and dispose of waste, a septic system has an underground septic tank constructed of plastic, concrete, fiberglass, or other material that is located beneath the earth. Designed to provide a customized wastewater treatment solution for business and residential locations, this system may be installed anywhere. Although it is possible to construct a septic tank on your own, we recommend that you hire a professional to do it owing to the amount of skill and specific equipment required.
Who Needs a Septic Tank?
For the most part, in densely populated areas of the nation, a home’s plumbing system is directly connected to the municipal sewer system. Because municipal sewer lines are not readily available in more rural regions, sewage must be treated in a septic tank. If you’re moving into a newly constructed house or onto land that doesn’t already have a septic tank, you’ll be responsible for putting in a septic system on your own.
How to Prepare for Your Septic Tank Installation
Here are a few pointers to keep in mind to make sure your septic tank installation goes as smoothly as possible.
Receive Multiple Estimates
Receiving quotations from licensed septic tank installers and reading reviews about each firm using trustworthy, third-party customer evaluations should be done before any excavation or signing of any paperwork is done.
Examine your options for a contractor and make sure they have the appropriate insurance and license, as well as the ability to include critical preparations such as excavation and drain field testing in their quotation.
Test the Soil and Obtain a Permit
For septic systems to function properly, permeable soil surrounding the tank must absorb and naturally handle liquid waste, ensuring that it does not pollute runoff water or seep into the groundwater. The drain or leach field is the name given to this region. Before establishing a septic tank, you are required by law to do a percolation test, sometimes known as a “perc” test. This test indicates that the soil fits the specifications established by the city and the local health agency. In most cases, suitable levels of permeable materials, such as sand or gravel, are necessary in a soil’s composition.
Note: If you wish to install a septic tank on your property, you must first ensure that the ground passes the percolation test.
Plan for Excavation
Excavation of the vast quantity of land required for a septic tank necessitates the use of heavy machinery. If you are presently residing on the property, be careful to account for landscaping fees to repair any damage that may have occurred during the excavation process. Plan the excavation for your new home at a period when it will have the least influence on the construction process if you are constructing a new home. Typically, this occurs before to the paving of roads and walkways, but after the basic structure of the home has been constructed and erected.
The Cost of Installing a Septic Tank
There are a few installation charges and additional expenditures connected with constructing a new septic system, ranging from a percolation test to emptying the septic tank and everything in between.
A percolation test can range in price from $250 to $1,000, depending on the area of the property and the soil characteristics that are being tested. Ordinarily, specialists will only excavate a small number of holes in the intended leach field region; however, if a land study is required to identify where to excavate, the cost of your test may rise.
Building Permit Application
A permit will be required if you want to install a septic tank on your property. State-by-state variations in permit prices exist, however they are normally priced around $200 and must be renewed every few years on average.
Excavation and Installation
When you have passed a percolation test and obtained a building permit, your septic tank is ready to be professionally placed. The cost of a new septic system is determined by the size of your home, the kind of system you choose, and the material used in your septic tank. The following is a list of the many treatment methods and storage tanks that are now available, as well as the normal pricing associated with each.
Types of Septic Tank Systems
Septic system that is used in the traditional sense Traditionally, a septic system relies on gravity to transport waste from the home into the septic tank. Solid trash settles at the bottom of the sewage treatment plant, while liquid sewage rises to the top. Whenever the amount of liquid sewage increases over the outflow pipe, the liquid waste is discharged into the drain field, where it continues to disintegrate. This type of traditional septic system is generally the most economical, with an average cost of roughly $3,000 on the market today.
Drain fields for alternative systems require less land than conventional systems and discharge cleaner effluent.
Septic system that has been engineered A poorly developed soil or a property placed on an uphill slope need the installation of an engineered septic system, which is the most difficult to install.
It is necessary to pump the liquid waste onto a leach field, rather than depending on gravity to drain it, in order to ensure that it is equally dispersed across the land. The average cost of these systems is roughly $8,000.
Types of Septic Tanks
- Concrete septic tanks are long-lasting and rust-proof, but they are difficult to repair if they are damaged. It is possible that concrete tanks will cost up to $2,000 depending on their size. Plastic —While plastic tanks are cost-effective, they are also susceptible to damage. They are around $1,200 in price. Fiberglass —While fiberglass septic tanks are more durable than their plastic counterparts, they are susceptible to shifting or displacement if the water table rises to an excessive level. Depending on the model, these tanks may cost up to $2,000
More information may be found at: Septic Warranty Coverage and Costs.
Using Your Septic Tank
It is important to maintain the area around your new septic tank’s drain field and to frequently check your tank using the lids included with it. Never use a trash disposal in conjunction with your septic tank since it might cause the system to clog. Additionally, avoid driving over the land where your septic tank is located or putting heavy gear on top of your septic tank or drain field to prevent damage. Most of the time, after five years of septic system use, you’ll need to arrange a cleaning and pumping of the system.
Send an email to our Reviews Team [email protected] if you have any comments or questions regarding this post.
How to Make a Septic Tank Drain Field
To fully functionally and efficiently operate a septic tank on your property, you will require a septic tank drain field, which is also known as a leach field or a leach drain, in addition to the tank itself. While all septic tank drain fields must be inspected on a regular basis, you can save a significant amount of money by digging your own.
Step 1 – Choose Your Site
The site should be distant from the home but near to the tank, as this will be your primary focus. There should be at least 10 feet between your edible garden and any bodies of water, including a lake or river or an irrigation well.
Step 2 – Contact the Authorities
Check to see whether you need a permission to construct the septic tank drain field, or if you need to have the site inspected before you begin construction. It takes a lot of effort to dig a field, but it is far more difficult to have to remove it and start over. Before beginning this project, double-check that all applicable rules and regulations have been met.
Step 3 – Make Sure the Soil is Appropriate
Even though it is not essential, it is recommended that the soil in the region be evaluated. The absorption capacity of the system will be insufficient, and you will have difficulties with backups. It’s best to find out this information before you start digging. Submit a soil test sample to your local extension office, or pick up a soil test kit from this location.
Step 4 – Start Digging
Even though it is not essential, it is recommended that the soil in the region be evaluated. The absorption capacity of the system will be insufficient, and you will have difficulties with backups. It’s best to find out this information before you start digging. Submit a soil test sample to your local extension office, or pick up a soil test kit from this location.
Step 5 – Place Gravel
If you haven’t already, you should place at least 1-1 1/2 inches of gravel down the bottom of each trench once it has been dug. This allows for drainage to take place beneath the pipe.
Step 6 – Add the Pipe
Place the pipe from the septic tank all the way down the length of every trench. In order to prevent the pipe from shifting and becoming misaligned at the septic tank outflow, use clamps to secure it in place.
Step 7 – Add More Gravel
Afterwards, fill the trench with another one to three inches of gravel and let it to work its way down around the pipe until the pipe is completely covered with gravel.
Step 8 – Add the Cloth
Afterwards, fill the trench with another one to three inches of gravel and let it to work its way down around the pipe until the pipe is completely covered with gravel.
Step 9 – More Dirt
As soon as you are through with the pipe and gravel, the following step is to fill the rest of the trench with earth, making sure that your field is level with the surrounding terrain. After the earth has settled, you will have to wait another two weeks. When the earth settles, you will most likely need to add additional soil to your field in order to level it.
Step 10 – Plantings (Optional)
There are various plants that will thrive in a septic tank drainage field, preventing it from becoming an eyesore in the process. Keep in mind that you will not be able to aerate or till the soil. Additionally, you are not permitted to add more than two to three inches of top soil. Japanese surge, carpet bugle, periwinkle, Irish moss, and various strains of wildflowers are examples of plants that require minimal water and have shallow root systems, and they may be used in containers or in the garden.
Depending on where you live, the law may require you to have this test performed by a licensed professional or agency on your behalf.
You will have a backup problem in the tank if the septic tank drain field is placed incorrectly, which is in addition to the potential legal difficulties.
How to Choose the Best Placement Location for Your Septic Drain Field – Brain Drain: Septic Services To Solve Your Problems
Using a septic system, wastewater from the residence is channeled through the main sewage line and into the septic tank, which is located underground. Microorganisms in the tank consume organic stuff while also separating solid waste from the water. Following that, the wastewater is emptied from the septic tank and onto a drain field or leach field, where contaminants in the wastewater are cleaned by bacteria. Following that, the effluent is sent via various perforated pipes in order to be treated.
- As you can see, a drain field is an essential component of your household sewage system.
- Select a location with a low elevation.
- Now, if at all possible, locate a low-elevation region that is immediately below the septic tank so that gravity can drive the wastewater to the leach field and away from the house.
- The cost of septic system installation will rise as a result of this option.
- Choose a previously unoccupied space.
- It is possible for plants to grow on this drainage area to clog the perforated pipes, causing wastewater to flood the drain field or to back up into your sinks, toilets, and other fixtures.
- Choosing a location at the far end of the property might be a wonderful alternative if you want to avoid future development initiatives from being hampered.
- When it comes to creating a leach field, the size of your home will be a major consideration.
- Overloading the system as a result of building a smaller leach field than you require will result in floods and plumbing issues.
Alternatively, you can pump the tank on a regular basis to keep it operating at peak functionality. To find out more, speak with a supplier of septic services.
Everything You Need to Know About Septic Tank Installation
Move out from the city and start living your life the way you want. Peace and quiet in a tight-knit neighborhood with only a few neighbors you can rely on while taking advantage of the fresh air and large open areas. That is rural life, and with the “good life” comes the opportunity to experiment with new ways of doing things on a regular basis. It is probable that you will not have access to sewers that are provided to city people by local governments when it comes to your water and sewer requirements.
Before Buying or Selling a Home, Your Septic System Should be Inspected
The septic tank systems that are connected to your rural house must be inspected on a yearly basis. To safeguard your investment, you must be aware of the current status of your septic tank so that maintenance and repairs may be carried out as soon as possible. A septic tank and leach field installation are not inexpensive endeavors. If you are purchasing or selling a house, you should be aware of the requirement to have a septic tank inspection performed. Buyers never know how the septic tank system has been maintained, so they should exercise caution.
Obtaining a septic tank inspection is also required for those who are selling a rural property.
A new septic tank installation will be prohibitively expensive, which will make both buyers and sellers squirm.
Leave Septic Tank Installation to the Pros
Septic tank installation is a sophisticated process that should be left to the professionals. The procedure entails much more than simply digging a hole and burying a tank in the earth, though. The soil type and topography must be suitable for the installation of a septic tank system. The kind of soil and the lay of the land are assessed and modified as needed to get the desired results. According to the specific characteristics of your site, we will design the appropriate materials and installation technique for you.
You will require land area for the following purposes:
- Access hatch, distribution box, drain field, septic tank, and sewer pipe are all included.
Once your septic tank installation is complete, wastewater will be routed through all of the septic system components listed before. The septic tank serves as the command center for the separation of germs, fats, oils, and other substances that have accumulated. The water becomes clearer as it passes through the next components and into the distribution box. In the second step, the soil types will be examined and identified. Excavation of areas of your land by septic tank installation pros is done to determine the soil types and topography of your site.
- Test pits are excavated to learn about the different layers of soil and how water may travel through the various layers of soil that have been discovered.
- With hydraulic loading, you may find out how rapidly water is absorbed into the soil by doing filtration tests.
- It is essential to have adequate ventilation while installing a new septic tank.
- As waste travels through your septic system, harmful fumes will begin to accumulate.
If you do not provide adequate ventilation, this will happen. If you notice any bad odors coming from your septic system, contact a septic tank specialist right once to determine why the ventilation system is not functioning properly.
You will Need to Monitor your Septic Tank System
Those of you who live in rural locations with a septic tank system will have to monitor it on a regular basis, whereas city inhabitants will have less need to care about wastewater and where it goes. Observe the drain field area from all angles. It is never acceptable for the ground to be wet or even moist. Water accumulating on the ground is a telltale indicator that your septic tank system is not draining correctly. In addition, the region surrounding the septic tank should be investigated.
These are either symptoms of excessive water use or the beginnings of a much greater plumbing problem.
Septic Tank Pumping is Crucial for Your New Septic Tank Installation
The cost of a new septic tank installation may be rather expensive, so you will want to be sure that you safeguard your investment by performing regular maintenance. Pumping your septic tank is essential for extending the life of your septic tank. Even if you are extremely conscientious about what goes down the pipes in your house, your septic tank system will require pumping by a professional septic tank business every three to five years. This is due to the fact that sludge will accumulate at the bottom of your septic tank.
A septic tank professional will pump away the majority of the sludge, allowing the system to function properly.
What to Know About Septic Tank Installation Cost
“So, how much does a new septic system cost, exactly?” you might be wondering. That is a difficult issue to answer because there are several elements that influence the cost of a new septic tank installation. In general, you should anticipate to pay between $3,280 and $5,040 for a 1,250-gallon system that can sustain a three- or four-bedroom home with three or four bathrooms. In order to get an approximate price for a septic tank installation with alternating pumps, you need budget roughly $9,571 on average, with costs reaching as high as $15,000.
- Plastic (average cost $830-$1,900) is another option.
- Conventional varieties are the most extensively used and least costly, with typical expenses ranging from $3,500 to $10,000 on average.
- A typical cost is between $12,000 and $15,000 for engineered varieties, with an average cost between $12,000 and $15,000.
- The average cost of system design is $600, depending on the location and complexity of the system.
- Installation and connecting of pipelines and a storage tank Excavation, installation, and backfill costs between $25 and $33 per linear foot.
- Following the installation of your new septic tank, you will incur landscaping expenses.
Septic tank installation should be left to the professionals, and you will benefit from their expert guidance and knowledge in order to establish the most effective and cheap septic tank system that will meet the demands of your family for many years to come, as well.
Need a New Septic Tank System?Give Herrington’s a Call!
Indeed, living in the country may be a wonderful experience, but whether purchasing or selling a rural property, make sure you get your septic tank inspected first. Septic tank installation is best left to the professionals due to the large number of intricate aspects that must be considered for a successful application. Knowing how much it will cost to construct a septic tank will encourage you to take good care of your new septic tank system. In addition, you will have a better grasp of the expenses associated with a new septic tank installation after reading this article.
When you want the installation of a new septic tank system, contact Herrington’s.
We understand how crucial a well functioning septic tank system is for your house, which is why we provide the most inexpensive pricing available.
Can You Have a Septic Tank Without a Leach Field at Home?
This is a question that is frequently posed in Northern Indiana. “Can I have a septic tank without a leach field?” the homeowner inquires. During this blog post, we’ll take a deeper look at that question. First and foremost, we must clarify the nature of the question. Interested in learning if you can build a new septic system for a new home that is equipped with only a septic tank and no leach field? If this is the case, the plain and simple response is no. Those codes are written by the Indiana State Department of Health (ISDH), which is in charge of regulating septic systems in the state.
This implies that new house construction must be supplied by an aseptic system, which includes not just a septic tank, but also a system for treating wastewater and releasing the treated water back into the environment.
What about an existing home whose old system has problems, is failing, and needs replaced?
For properties whose septic systems have failed and are in need of repair or replacement, the ISDH has included measures in its codes to address this situation. Wastewater will be treated on-site as long as there is adequate space on the land, taking into consideration any setbacks (50 feet from well, for example). A holding tank may be placed on an existing property if there is inadequate room owing to small lots that were platted many years ago, resulting in an inability to fulfill setbacks, such as 25′ from a body of water, and there are no other choices.
Our area in Northern Indiana is home to a large number of lakes, each of which has a number of small lots marked around its perimeter many years ago, with a number of older homes built on them.
Because of the limited physical lot sizes, it is common that when you remove everything within a 50-foot radius of the well, a 50-foot radius of all surrounding wells, and 25-foot radius of the lake’s border, there is actually no land left to safely treat the wastewater.
In this circumstance, it may be necessary to install a sealed Holding Tank.
Let’s look at the question from an alternative angle…
For example, you can have an ancient farmhouse that was built a hundred years ago, and no one knows where the septic tank is, or if it even has one at all. No records exist since the county no longer maintains such kind of documents, which dates back many years. Moreover, you might be thinking, “Where does my wastewater go?” You may be the owner of a septic tank that does not have a leach field in this situation! Many years ago, in the history of mankind.there was a time when builders created houses in the country that were fed by septic tanks, but the wastewater ran directly from the septic tank through a drainage pipe, finally ending up in a stream or drainway.
As a result, these systems are no longer lawful, and the state has mandated that they not be fixed until they are brought up to code.
Call Shankster Bros. today for all your septic system problems and needs!
Purchasing a home and land is a significant financial commitment, and the sewage system on the property accounts for a significant percentage of that expenditure. Despite the fact that many places permit city water and waste management, others may not. A septic system will be required for the treatment and disposal of wastewater in certain locations. If you require the installation of an aseptic system, the specialists at Custom Septic Inc. are here to assist you and provide service across the state of Minnesota.
To operate properly, any type of septic system must have a septic tank, which is an underground storage tank that is appropriately sized for your property’s sewage demands, as well as an adjacent drainfield, also known as a leach field.
Choosing the correct design for your property when establishing a septic system is critical; doing so will allow for maximum performance while also ensuring that no harm is done to the area in which it is installed.
4 Basic Types of Septic System Designs:
- A variety of septic systems are available, including gravity systems, pressure bed or trench systems, at grade systems, and mound systems.
The term “Performance Systems” refers to systems that are variants of the ones described above.
Determining the Proper Septic System for your Minnesota Property
The geography, soil characteristics, and available placement space all play a role in determining the best septic system design for your property. Soil boring will be performed by our specialists in order to identify the suitable septic design for your property. Soil boring is important since it is the primary component in determining the appropriate septic system for your property’s needs. A layout of the septic tank and drainfield will then need to be designed and discussed to ensure that the space will not be needed for another purpose, that there is no heavy weight on the determined areas, and that you do not have any future plans that will interfere with the septic system’s ability to function properly.
The size of your septic tank is decided by the amount of water you consume as well as the local jurisdictions in your neighborhood. Septic tanks can be made of a variety of materials, including concrete, fiberglass, and even polyethylene. The optimal location for a septic tank is usually adjacent to the house; the farther away the tank is from the house, the longer the waste lines must be, which might result in more blockages in the septic tank system.
Septic Drainfield or Leach Field
During the treatment process, wastewater is separated from solids in a septic tank and then discharged into a drainfield. This specified region is equipped with pipe that distributes the liquid so that it may be absorbed into the ground equally. It is critical for the proper operation of the septic system that the drainfield be properly designed and constructed. Your property’s soil properties as well as how flat or deep the landscaping are taken into consideration when determining where your drainfield should be located, how large it should be and what sort of drainfield to install.
Common Types of Drainfield Systems:
- Pressurized beds (Pressure Beds)
- Trenches (gravity or pressure Trench)
- Chamber Systems (At Grade)
- And Mounds are some of the options.
Professional Septic Installation Minnesota
The majority of the time, a drainage field is already established in each septic system design, but in rare circumstances, exceptions must be made to this rule. If you’re looking for further information or have questions regarding Septic System Installation, please contact us. Custom Septic Inc. can be reached by phone at (763) 218-4769 for the Big Lake, MN and Menahga, MN areas or by completing our Online Request Form.
Drain Field Installation, Lakeland, FL
In Lakeland, drainage field installation is required. A septic system is likely to be installed if you live in a rural region or in a location that is distant from a wastewater treatment plant. However, if you do not have a properly installed drain field, you might face major repercussions. It is necessary to dig trenches that are around 4-6 feet in depth and 2 feet wide in order to commence the drainage field construction procedure. The quantity of septic tank pipes required will be determined by the size of the tank.
It is dependent on the soil’s absorbency that the size of the drain field is determined.
Drain field installation is a critical component of a septic system since, without appropriate drainage, your tank can back up and produce difficulties in the future.
Additionally, heavy gear is required to bring in the septic tank and pipes, so ensure that the business you choose has the necessary skills and permissions to bring in and operate this equipment before you hire them.
As long as the drain field is properly designed, a septic system might be an excellent solution for individuals who do not live close to a wastewater treatment facility. Pump chamber, drain field, and septic system are all included in the above-ground installation of a new mound septic system.
We can handle even the toughest septic jobs.
Continue to the main content Septic System Frequently Asked Questions
- In order to establish what sort of septic installation is present on my land, where can I find information? Your County Health Department has records of the systems that have been approved, and you can request those information by initiating an investigation. A list of county offices in Maryland may be found by clicking here.
- It is clear where my septic tank is located, however I am unsure as to where my drain field is located. In order to find out where the drain field is, I need to know where to go. Is it necessary for me to be aware of the location of my drainage system? Once again, the County Health Department keeps track of the systems that have been approved. It is critical to understand the position of your drain field since you do not want to put anything over it that might cause harm, such as planting trees, paving over it, or driving over it, for example. In addition, you do not want to establish a vegetable garden on top of it. Is the installation of septic tanks governed by any regulations? And, if so, who is responsible for it? Maryland’s County Health Departments are in charge of regulating the installation of septic systems, which has been assigned power from the Maryland Department of the Environment (MDE).
- What exactly is a perc test, and why is it necessary to do one? Performing a percolation test (often referred to as a perc test) as part of an overall site evaluation is necessary to establish the permeability of soils and geology. The results of a perc test and site appraisal are used to identify limiting constraints in the soils and geology, such as groundwater levels, solidified material that prevents water from permeating, soil texture, structure and consistence, and other issues. Performing perc tests can assist in determining the most appropriate design for a drainfield that will be used as a component of the overall septic system.
- What is the expected lifespan of my septic system before it has to be replaced? Septic systems are normally good for 20 to 30 years before they need to be replaced. Depending on whether the system has been improperly maintained, if surface or groundwater has been penetrated, whether tree roots have entered the system, and whether it has been unduly abused, this time limit may be reduced.
- What symptoms should I look for in order to identify whether or not my septic tank needs replacing? Slow drains, surfacing effluent (wet spots in the yard or near the tank), sewage backing up into a bathtub or basement drain (usually on the lower level of the house), a sounding alarm (pump system or BAT), unexplained illness, or foul odors are all indications that your septic system is not performing as designed.
- What is the recommended frequency of septic tank pumping? The frequency with which traditional septic tanks must be pumped is determined by the size of the tank and the number of people that live in the house. Special pumping techniques and frequencies are required for BAT devices, and the frequency varies depending on the unit — for further information, contact your BAT service provider or installation.
- Where do the filters in a septic system reside, and who should be responsible for replacing them, the homeowners or a licensed contractor? There are not all septic tanks that have filters in them
- Nevertheless, if your septic tank is one of those that does have filters, cleaning or replacement of these filters should be left to the professionals on a yearly basis at the very least.
- What is the purpose of septic tank pumping? Is it possible for liquids to be discharged through the septic tank? Solids and FOG (fats, oils, and grease) collect in septic tanks, necessitating the need to pump the tanks out periodically. In the absence of regular pumping of septic tanks, sediments and foul-smelling gas (FOG) accumulate to the point where they are discharged into the drainfield, where they might cause blockage of the drainfield. This generally results in the need for an expensive system replacement, which is why it is critical to regularly pump your tank. Consider it similar to getting your car’s oil changed. In the event that you don’t replace the oil in your automobile, it will continue to function for a time, but it will eventually fail and leave you stranded.
- Can you tell me how much it would cost to have your septic tank pumped? Septic tank pumping prices typically range between $250 and $400, depending on the size of the tank and its location.
- When it comes to garbage, what types of waste will not breakdown in septic tanks? It is critical not to dispose of chemicals, paint, grease, food, or anything else that is not body waste, toilet paper, or wastewater from bathing, handwashing, dishwashing, or laundry in the trash.
- I haven’t had my septic tank emptied in almost 15 years. What is the recommended frequency of septic tank pumping given the fact that I have been the only one residing in the residence? The size of the tank is dependent on its capacity. In the event that you haven’t pumped your tank in 15 years, you have almost likely waited too long and may have unwittingly caused harm to your drain field. You should pump your tank as quickly as possible to avoid causing more harm to your drain field. When your septic tank is being pumped, pay attention to what the pumper has to say regarding the condition of your tank. In the future, this will influence your decision on how often you will pump — it is suggested that you do not go more than 5 years between pump outs.
- Is the usage of a garbage disposal harmful to the operation of a septic tank? Otherwise, are there any foods that should not be placed in a garbage disposal that you should be aware of? Absolutely. When a building is supplied by on-site sewage disposal, we do not recommend the use of garbage disposals. The ground-up food wastes are not properly broken down in the tank and may reach the drainfield, causing early blockage and failure.
- What should consumers believe when it comes to the packaging of toilet paper and other items that claim to be suitable for septic systems? Even still, some in the business believe that toilet paper infused with lotions and aloe does not decompose as quickly as other types of toilet paper do. Water-soaked wipes, as well as other wipes of any sort, should not be flushed down the toilet (even if they are labeled as flushable).
- Is it possible to use cleansers in the toilets on a regular basis, such as bleach? Many cleansers have the ability to destroy germs as one of their properties. If you flush these sorts of cleansers down the drain, you are effectively killing off the good bacteria in your septic system, which will make it less efficient in the long run. It is understood that the bathroom and kitchen in the home must be cleaned on a regular basis in order to maintain a healthy environment, and so only a limited amount of time is permitted. Flushing bacteria-killing cleaning agents through a system on a regular basis (daily) is not suggested.
- So, what exactly does the Bay Restoration Fund (BRF) fund take care of? In order to qualify for full or partial BRF financing, you must have a failing septic system as opposed to new construction, be located in or outside of a critical region, and have an annual income of more than or less than $300,000 in the previous year. Depending on your circumstances, the fund may be able to assist you with any of the following:
- Extraction of existing tank
- Crushing and filling of existing tank
- Or removal of existing tank Installation of a BAT system (this does not include the cost of replacing the drainfield)
- BAT has been in operation and maintenance for two years. All of the necessary permissions
- Electrician and all electrical work (with the exception of the requirement to add a sub-panel, which is included). Final grading and seeding (does not include landscape restorations, such as, but not limited to, the removal of decks, patios, and fence, as well as the installation of new fencing)
- Visit for follow-up
- If you own a piece of land and are thinking of constructing a structure on it. Is it possible to use BRF for a new build? Using BRF funds to install BAT systems with new building is not out of the question, but it is the county’s lowest priority. It is only when there is more funds available after all higher priority applications have been funded that these low priority proposals can be funded. More information on the BRF program may be found by clickinghere. Remember that applications for BRF financing must be submitted to the respective county health departments.
- Do you have any installers that you would recommend? It is not our responsibility to recommend specific installers because we are agents of the University of California. It is critical to ensure that everybody you engage is qualified to perform the function for which you have contracted them (conventional septic system, BAT, drain field). MDE has provided a list of certified installers, which may be found here. Additional information may be available from your county health department.
- Is it necessary to rebuild the drain field when a septic system is replaced with a new conventional system or BAT system in order to avoid a septic system backup? No, this is not always the case. The tank system and drain field are two separate components of your septic system, and either one can become damaged (and hence require repair) without affecting the operation of the other. Suppose you have to replace your tank because it cracked due to settling or water seepage
- The new system could potentially be connected to your existing drain field
- Or suppose you have to replace your tank because it cracked due to settling or water seepage
- What types of plants should I put on my drainfield? Turfgrass, such as fescue, is commonly found growing over drainfields in most residential areas. Also suitable are grasses and shallow-rooted native plants (including flowers) that are not too tall. By absorbing both water and nutrients, the plants perform a valuable service for the environment. Trees, on the other hand, should not be planted since the roots of the trees might infiltrate the system and block the pipes, causing the system to collapse.
- What can I do to ensure that my drainfield lasts as long as possible? Maintain your vehicle by following these guidelines:
- Conserve water by repairing leaks and installing water-saving appliances. Avoid using garbage disposals and dripping fats, oils, and grease down the drain. Water treatment backwash from a septic system should be diverted. Do not flush chemicals down the toilet or down the sink. Only toilet paper should be flushed – no wipes or other items. Ascertain that stormwater is directed away from the tank and drainfield. Keep traffic away from the drainfield. Planting trees near a tank or drainfield is not recommended. Have your tank pumped every 2-5 years — this is the typical method. BAT- depending on the service provider
- Maintain the tank filter on a regular basis (if applicable)
- Keep the BAT powered up and provide service as usual. Using a BAT unit, wastewater is cleaner (has less dissolved particles) than wastewater from a traditional system, allowing a drainfield to last longer.
- Is it required to use septic tank additives? Septic system efficiency is not improved by the addition of bacteria or enzymes, according to the findings of recent research. In addition, it is crucial to remember that average household wastewater includes up to several trillion bacterial cells per gallon, which provides all of the bacteria required for organics breakdown. For as long as toilets are flushed, there will be an ample supply of bacteria to break down organic matter. Additional research has revealed that some addition products can actually cause organics to remain in suspension, which is not what we want in our environment. One of the functions of a septic tank is to enable sediments to settle and become less concentrated. With an increase in the amount of organic matter entering the drainfield, the creation of a biomat can grow, which can block the soil pores and reduce the capacity of wastewater to percolate into the soil.