- For a five-bedroom home, you’ll probably need a 1,500-gallon tank, which will cost between $15,000 and $25,000. The cost of a septic system depends on its size, and its size will hinge on how much water you use. You can estimate both of these by using the number of bedrooms in your house as a rule of thumb.
How much does it cost to install a septic system in California?
On average, the cost of installing a new septic tank system is $3,900. The price ranges from $1,500 to $5,000 for a typical 1,250-gallon tank, which is an ideal size for a three- or four-bedroom home. This cost is inclusive of the tank itself, which costs $600 to $2,100 or more, depending on the type.
How much does a mound system cost?
Mound Septic System Cost A mound septic system costs $10,000 to $20,000 to install. It’s the most expensive system to install but often necessary in areas with high water tables, shallow soil depth or shallow bedrock.
What is the cheapest septic system?
Conventional septic system These conventional septic systems are usually the most affordable, with an average cost of around $3,000.
How much does it cost to put in a well and septic system in California?
Putting in a Well & Septic System On its own, installing a septic system costs between $3,200 and $10,400, with an average around $6,800. Total expenses for well and septic system drilling and installation range between $5,000 and $22,500.
Can septic drain field be on a slope?
The tank will not drain uphill to the drain field. The leach lines themselves, however, should be set level. In a conventional gravity system, the pipe from the house to the septic tank, and the outlet pipe from the tank to the distribution box or leach field, should both slope downward with a minimum slope of 1/4 in.
How much slope should a drain field have?
Plumbing codes and wastewater piping guides commonly specify that building drains should be pitched at 1/8″ to 1/4″ of slope per foot of linear run or distance.
Can you have a septic tank without a leach field?
The waste from most septic tanks flows to a soakaway system or a drainage field. If your septic tank doesn’t have a drainage field or soakaway system, the waste water will instead flow through a sealed pipe and empty straight into a ditch or a local water course.
Can you pump sewage up hill?
If you want to install a bathroom in a house and the pitch of the house runs the wrong direction, you can always install a sewage ejector by the bathroom and pump the sewage uphill. The distance the water will travel determines the horsepower of the pump.
How far can you pump septic?
Sewage ejector pumps are designed to pump raw sewage from your home into a septic tank or gravity flow sewer main. For this reason, they can only pump to distances under 750 feet. However, a benefit of sewage ejector pumps is that they are built to move up to 200 gallons per minute of raw sewage.
Why are mound septic systems so expensive?
Mound septic systems are considerably more expensive than conventional septics because they require more sophisticated construction. The cost of the electric pump and sand also contributes to the total price. Mound septic systems have an average cost between $10,000 and $20,000.
What is the alternative to a septic tank?
Mound systems work well as alternatives to septic tanks when the soil around your home or building is too dense or too shallow or when the water table is too high. Although they are more expensive and require more maintenance than conventional systems, mound systems are a common alternative.
How long do septic Mounds last?
How Long Does a Septic Leach Field Last? A septic leach field is the first component of a system to fail, but it can last 20 years if properly maintained. The field’s size and how much wastewater it serves can impact its life.
How Much Does a Septic System Cost?
|Medium: Averages $2,000-$5,000; Runs $4,000-$12,000 in Higher Cost Areas||Enhanced System: $10,000-$20,000+|
|For homes that aren’t connected to a municipal sewer plant, a septic is an on-site system that collects, treats and disposes of household wastewater by slowly filtering it through underground soil. Typically there are two main parts, a septic tank and a soil absorption system (also called a drainfield, leachfield or disposal field). These are located underground and connected to the house by sewage pipes.Typical costs:|
- The cost of installing or rebuilding a traditional septic system (including the tank) is from $2,000 to $5,000 in the Midwest, but can range from $4,000 to $12,000 or more in locations with higher material and labor costs. Septic systems that are designed, engineered-like or alternative septic systems, such as mounds, soil/peat filters, aerobic systems, and/or artificial wetlands, can cost $10,000 to $20,000 or more, according to the Rhode Island Regional Water Quality Program. These alternative septic systems perform better than the conventional technique in areas with high groundwater levels or soil that is slowly or fast percolating, as well as in areas near drinking water supplies, wetlands, coastal ponds, or other water resources. Simply installing a septic tank will cost between $500 and $1,800 based on its size (varying from 300 to 1,000 gallons) and kind. It costs an additional $100-$200 to purchase piping and other necessary supplies
- New Mexico State University gives an overview of the septic tank installation process. Many locations, however, require that a septic system be planned and constructed by experienced and licensed experts
- For more information, contact your local or state sanitation agency.
|What should be included:|
- It is necessary to employ Septic systems when sewage treatment plants are not accessible, which is typically the case in rural or suburban areas with big lots. Essentially, a septic tank is a huge, underground, waterproof container that can be constructed of concrete, fiberglass, or plastic (polyethylene). An explanation of how septic systems function and where they might be utilized can be found at the North Carolina State University Ag Extension
- Installing or replacing a septic system might take anything from a few days to a week or more. The procedure entails substantial excavating, which is frequently accomplished using powerful earth-moving equipment.
- The majority of counties and states require a construction permit for the installation or replacement of a septic system, which may cost anywhere from $250 to $1,000 or more depending on the location and complexity of the job. For further information, contact your local building and planning department. A septic system installation typically entails substantial digging and damage to the landscaping
- New grass and other plantings can cost anywhere from $100 to $1,000 or more.
- Unlike individual septic tanks, each house has its own underground septic tank, but all of the septic tanks are connected to a single drainfield, leachfield, or soil absorption system. A cluster septic system, which is often implemented by developers, distributes the expense of drainfield installation and maintenance across a large number of dwellings.
- To find out if your local sanitation agency maintains a list of licensed septic installation firms, contact them and ask. Onsite wastewater recycling contractors can be found by contacting the National Onsite Wastewater Recycling Association for recommendations. Inquire about training and previous experience. Check to see if the firm is legally bonded, insured, and licensed in your jurisdiction.
|What People Are Paying – Recent Comments|
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|Posted by:Dorie Dew in Nederland, CO.||Posted:May 22nd, 2020 02:05PM|
|Type:leach field install|
|Posted by:in Stone Mountain/atlanta, GA.||Posted:September 9th, 2019 04:09PM|
|Posted by:in Stone Mountain/atlanta, GA.||Posted:September 9th, 2019 04:09PM|
|Posted by:Gregory Chappel in Trinidad, CA.||Posted:August 15th, 2019 01:08PM|
|Type:New tank and drain field|
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|Posted by:a user in moreland, GA.||Posted:July 20th, 2018 12:07AM|
|Posted by:Sfr Development LLC in Boone, NC.||Posted:August 11th, 2017 12:08PM|
|Type:Conventional 2 Foot Chambers|
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|Type:conventional to alternative systems|
|Posted by:Bob42 in High rolls, NM.||Posted:March 25th, 2016 12:03PM|
|Type:Concrete tank, leachfield|
|Posted by:Susana in cumming, GA.||Posted:August 24th, 2015 04:08PM|
|Type:treating the leach field|
|Posted by:payed too much? in Effort, PA.||Posted:August 2nd, 2015 11:08PM|
|Type:dual tank w mound|
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|Posted by:ABMCCAA in Bakersfield, CA.||Posted:June 26th, 2015 05:06PM|
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|Posted by:M. IRIARTE in STROUDSBUR, PA.||Posted:February 4th, 2015 05:02AM|
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- To find out if your local sanitation agency maintains a list of licensed septic installation firms, contact them directly. National Onsite Wastewater Recycling Association (NOWRA) can provide recommendations for septic contractors. As for training and experience, be sure to inquire. Check to see if the firm is legally bonded, insured, and licensed in your jurisdiction
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|Check Out All Costs for Home and Garden||How Much Does a Kitchen Remodeling Cost?||How Much Does a Propane Tank Cost?||How Much Does a Plumber Cost?|
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How Much Does a Septic Tank System Cost?
A Quick Look at Septic Tank Prices
- Overview of Septic Tank Prices
The wastewater generated by your household is teeming with potentially harmful germs. In order to properly dispose of waste and prevent it from backing up into your sinks and toilets, you must ensure that your septic tank is in good working condition. This Might Also Be of Interest to You: What Is the Difference Between a Septic System and a Sewer System? Everything you need to know about septic tank replacement, including how much it will cost, can be found in this article.
What Is a Septic Tank?
Dangerous germs might be found in the wastewater generated by your home. In order to properly dispose of waste and prevent it from backing up into your sinks and toilets, you must ensure that your septic tank is in proper working order. Additionally, you may be interested in the following information: So, what exactly is the difference between a septic system and a sewer system? Continue reading to find out all you need to know about septic tank replacement, including how much it will cost to have one installed.
How Much Does It Cost to Install a Septic Tank?
In most cases, a new septic tank system will cost you around $3,900 to install. It costs between $1,500 and $5,000 to install a conventional 1,250-gallon tank, which is the perfect size for a three- or four-bedroom house. This price includes the tank itself, which ranges in price from $600 to $2,100 or more depending on the size and kind. Workman’s compensation is included in the price of the installation and often ranges from $1,500 to $4,000.
Types of Septic Tank Systems
Septic tank installation and replacement costs are heavily influenced by the type of system that you select to use. Tanks come in a variety of shapes and sizes. Here are a few examples:
Anaerobic Septic System
Anaerobic systems are a popular alternative for many homes since they don’t require any additional electricity or chemicals to function properly. Anaerobic systems include microorganisms that do not require oxygen to exist and hence are called anaerobic systems. Solid waste is broken down by microbes, and any leftover liquid waste is pumped out and spread beneath the surface of the soil. The garbage is naturally recycled when the water seeps into the ground and returns to the environment. The installation of these devices is between $2,000 and $5,000.
Aerobic Septic System
Aerobic systems, in contrast to anaerobic systems, make use of microorganisms that do not require oxygen to live. To activate the bacteria in the tank, oxygen is injected into it, and the bacteria then feed on the solid waste. Aerobic systems perform effectively in soils that are unsuitable for other systems and in areas where the groundwater table is elevated. It is an excellent choice for residences that are close to a body of water. Aerobic systems are more costly to install than anaerobic ones.
Gravity Septic System
Gravity septic systems employ gravity to filter and move water through the system.
They must be put on a mild slope in order to allow water to flow without the use of a pump. The cost of installation ranges from $1,500 to $4,000.
Conventional Septic System
A standard septic system is comprised of a septic tank and a trench that serves as a drain field for the collection of waste. The trench is built on stone or gravel and is designed to allow water to move through it easily. In order to prevent sand or dirt from contaminating the clean soil, geofabric is laid over the top of the trench and secured in place. In order to function properly, a traditional septic system requires a huge amount of room. The installation of these devices is between $2,000 and $5,000.
Mound Septic System
If your groundwater table is close to the surface, a mound septic system is the most appropriate option for your situation. An area for the septic system is prepared, and a sand mound is built to allow effluent from the tank to be pumped into the mound in modest amounts. The sand then acts as a filter, preventing the water from reaching the soil and groundwater. This design necessitates a large amount of floor space. They’re also expensive to install since a sand mound needs to be built before they can be utilized.
Chamber Septic System
Chamber septic systems have lately gained popularity as an alternative to traditional septic systems. They are comparable to conventional systems, with the exception that plastic chambers, rather than gravel, are utilized in the drain field. These are less difficult to build and have a lower carbon footprint. The cost of installing them ranges from $1,500 to $5,000.
Septic Tank Materials
Another aspect that influences cost is the type of material used to construct your septic tank. The following are some of the most often seen materials:
Concrete septic tanks are the most prevalent form of septic tank because they are extremely long-lasting and reliable. They can survive for 20 to 30 years if they are properly maintained. Concrete, on the other hand, may break with time. When concrete is reinforced with rebar, the strength of the concrete is increased when subjected to pressure. Because of its weight, installation is more difficult and necessitates the use of specialized equipment. The cost of a typical-sized concrete tank ranges from $720 to $2,050 dollars.
Fiberglass does not deteriorate when utilized underground, and because it is nonporous, it will not support the formation of algae. Because of the tank’s modest weight, it is easy to install. You won’t have to worry about cracking since, unlike concrete, it will not expand or shrink as the weather changes. The typical cost of a fiberglass tank is between $1,600 and $2,000.
Tanks made of plastic are lightweight and simple to install. They’re also fairly long-lasting. Plastic tanks range in price from $830 to $1,400 on average, depending on the kind.
In spite of steel’s strength and durability, septic tanks built of steel are susceptible to rust and collapse if not properly maintained.
As a result, several municipal governments have tightened their restrictions in order to discourage their usage. Typically, you’ll discover them in regions where the system was already in operation. If you are able to have one installed, they range in price from $900 to $9,900.
What Size Septic Tank Do You Need?
The size of your septic tank is normally decided by the number of bedrooms in your house. This is used to calculate the amount of water that will flow through the system on a daily basis. In general, the expense of a system increases in direct proportion to its size.
A septic system with a minimum of a 750-gallon septic tank is required for a two-bedroom residence. However, in many localities, a 1,000-gallon tank is the least capacity that may be accommodated.
A minimum of a 1,000-gallon water tank is required for a three-bedroom residence, which handles around 360 gallons of water each day on a daily basis.
A bigger tank, with a minimum volume of 1,250 gallons, is required for a four-bedroom residence. It is capable of handling around 480 to 600 gallons of water each day. Additional Related Articles:
- How to keep the cost of septic tank pumping to a bare minimum
- 3 Symptoms of Sewer and Septic System Problems
- Do you have a clogged sewer line? Here’s What You Should Do
- Water Sewer Line Repair: Do It Yourself or Hire a Professional
- Listed here are 15 common plumbing problems that every homeowner should be aware of.
Septic Tank Repair Costs
It’s conceivable that only a certain component of your septic tank has to be replaced rather than the complete tank. Repairs and replacement parts can be purchased for a fraction of the cost of a complete system replacement. The following are some of the most often seen repairs:
Drain fields can get overloaded and flood, resulting in sewage backing up into toilets and sinks. The cost of replacing a drain or leach field ranges from $3,500 to $11,000.
A replacement septic tank pump typically costs between $500 and $1,200.
It is the most typical type of filter change that is performed by homeowners. It typically costs between $230 and $280.
Concrete coverings and steel lids may break and corrode as a result of exposure to the elements. In most cases, you can repair a septic tank lid on your own for about $35 and $60. In most cases, having it changed by a professional is more expensive.
The baffle is responsible for directing wastewater through the septic tank. A replacement baffle piece will cost between $23 and $44 dollars.
Additional Factors to Consider
A septic tank can be built either below or above ground, depending on your preferences. Because of the amount of excavating and footing preparation required, installing a tank underground is a pricey endeavor. Underground septic tanks necessitate the construction of a drain field that can accommodate a soakaway. In addition, because the soakaway allows for part of the wastewater to drain into the ground, the tank will require less emptying over time. Over time, this might result in a reduction in your expenditure.
Some demand that an inspector check and approve the site, which might result in a fee being charged to the homeowner.
How Long Does a Septic Tank Last?
The lifespan of a septic tank varies based on the material used and the type of system used. The lifespan of a septic tank might be reduced if the tank becomes clogged due to roots or floods from groundwater. Septic systems have a lifespan of 15 to 20 years on average. Maintaining your septic tank on a regular basis is the most effective approach to extend its life. Keep in mind that maintaining your tank entails more than just draining out the contents; it’s also crucial to have a professional evaluate your tank on a regular basis and perform routine maintenance.
In the event that you have a plan in place, you can call our 24-hour repair hotline anytime a covered problem develops. We’ll dispatch one of our locally based, licensed, and highly qualified professionals to complete the work for you right away.
How Much Does a Septic System Cost?
The most recent update was made on August 8, 2018. This system is made up of a small-scale sewage system, and it’s most prevalent in places where there isn’t access to the major sewage pipes, which are usually provided by the local government or private organizations. Septic systems are used by one in every three Americans, according to data from the American Ground Water Trust (AGWT). This system is intended to collect and dispose of the wastewater generated by your home. The cost of building a septic system is determined by the size of the septic tank, the kind of septic system used, the complexity of the installation, the location of the system, and the business that is hired to install the system.
How much does a new septic system cost?
A septic system can cost anywhere from $3,000 to $15,000 to have professionally installed, depending on the criteria indicated above in the cost estimate. A 1,000-gallon tank for a three-bedroom home, for example, might cost between $8,000 and $14,000, but a 1,500-gallon tank, which is built for a home with more than five bedrooms, can cost more than $15,000. Refer to the chart below to find out how much a typical 1,600 square foot home with three bedrooms will cost for a common kind of septic tank installation.
|Type of Septic Tank||How it Works?||Average Price|
|Aerobic unit||This system mixed airs into wastewater, which allows the bacteria to break down the solids quicker. Some units, depending on the model you choose, can also use a fluid with chlorine to disinfect the water.||$5,000 to $8,000|
|Drip irrigation||This system requires a shallow drain field where water will slightly trickle out over a wider area from a pump. When installed, flexible tubing will be piped out to the field.||$3,000 to $12,000|
|Mound system||This system will be used when the soil is too thin or your soil has too much clay in it. With this system, a pile of sand and gravel will be buried within the drainfield to filter the water as it leaves the tank.||$10,000 to $20,000|
|Sand filter||A sand filter will work with both a tank and an aerobic treatment unit. This filter consists of a larger buried box that’s filled with sand. As the pump releases water to the top, it filters through the sand before it lands in the drainfield.||$5,000 to $12,000|
|Standard system made of concrete, fiberglass or polyethylene||A conventional system will carry the wastewater from the house, into the tank and then out to the drainfield. This box will commonly made from either concrete, polyethylene or fiberglass. As the water pools in the tank, it will eventually separate and flow out to the field.||$5,000 to $11,000|
Factors that affect the cost
This is the kind of thing Concrete, steel, and fiberglass septic tanks are the three most frequent types of septic tanks that are installed. Concrete septic tanks, for example, are the most frequent form of tank placed in the majority of residential properties. This sort of system is totally constructed of concrete and is often designed to last for several decades. A corrosion-prone cover over steel, on the other hand, makes it less durable than concrete and will thus be the least popular choice among consumers.
- The tank’s overall dimensions The size of the tank will be one of the most important elements in determining the cost of the tank.
- Conditions of the soil The soil type, depth, and water table can all have an impact on the tank’s performance, as some soils may be difficult to dig while others may be more difficult to sustain the tank, necessitating the need for changes.
- TopographyIf the site has a slope more than 15 percent, an alternate system may be necessary, which may increase the cost of the project.
- In addition to considering the size of the tank, you should consider how much digging will be required before the tank can be erected.
- The expert is a person who knows what they’re doing.
When it comes to any professional service, the professional you hire can have a significant impact on the cost. Working with a professional is highly suggested because this is regarded to be a labor-intensive job that should be completed by a group of construction workers.
Septic system overview
In order to determine whether or not the tank should be constructed, an expert will visit the site and analyze the situation by conducting tests and devising a system that is specific to the residence. Installing a septic system takes three to six days on average for a three to five bedroom home, and it is normally completed immediately after the property is constructed. Larger construction equipment will be necessary to dig out the system and drop the tank into the earth throughout the course of the project.
The majority of septic systems are comprised of two components: a tank in which the solids settle to the bottom and a drain field into which the water is discharged.
What are the extra costs?
Before the septic tank is installed, it will be necessary to do soil testing (which will cost around $300) to determine that the region is suitable for the tank. This test will evaluate the soil’s drainage capacity, the presence of a high groundwater mark, and whether or not there is evidence of bedrock. An experienced specialist will be able to determine where the optimum location on your property is via the use of this test. In most localities, you will be needed to obtain a construction permit or permits, which can cost anywhere from $200 to $1,000 depending on where you reside.
Pumping the tank prevents the sludge at the bottom of the tank from rising to the surface, which, if not pumped, might cause it to overflow onto your yard and cause damage.
According to Realtor.com, you should at the very least get it checked to determine whether it needs to be pumped out.
According to Aero-stream, the typical septic tank breaks about every 15 years, and as a result, you may be forced to consider pricey repairs or perhaps a complete tank replacement.
Tips to know:
If you have a tank, you should consider installing low-flow toilets and being mindful of how much water you are consuming. When there is less water flowing through the tank, it implies that you will be less concerned with tank upkeep. Before you have a tank put, make sure you are familiar with the norms and regulations of your state.
How can I save money?
Because there’s a considerable possibility you’ll employ a professional, always acquire at least three quotations from qualified and insured contractors in your region before making a decision.
To save time, consider utilizing HomeAdvisor.com to have these pros call you with a personalized price. Notice Regarding Advertising: This material may include referral links. For more information, please see ourdisclosure policy.
Average Reported Cost:$0
To process and dispose of waste, a septic system has an underground septic tank constructed of plastic, concrete, fiberglass, or other material that is located beneath the earth. Designed to provide a customized wastewater treatment solution for business and residential locations, this system may be installed anywhere. Although it is possible to construct a septic tank on your own, we recommend that you hire a professional to do it owing to the amount of skill and specific equipment required.
Who Needs a Septic Tank?
For the most part, in densely populated areas of the country, a home’s plumbing system is directly connected to the municipal sewer system. Because municipal sewer lines are not readily available in more rural areas, sewage must be treated in a septic tank. If you’re moving into a newly constructed home or onto land that doesn’t already have a septic tank, you’ll be responsible for putting in a septic system on your own.
How to Prepare for Your Septic Tank Installation
Here are a few pointers to keep in mind to make sure your septic tank installation goes as smoothly as possible.
Receive Multiple Estimates
Receiving quotations from licensed septic tank installers and reading reviews about each firm using trustworthy, third-party customer evaluations should be done before any excavation or signing of any paperwork is done. Examine your options for a contractor and make sure they have the appropriate insurance and license, as well as the ability to include critical preparations such as excavation and drain field testing in their quotation.
Test the Soil and Obtain a Permit
For septic systems to function properly, permeable soil surrounding the tank must absorb and naturally handle liquid waste, ensuring that it does not pollute runoff water or seep into the groundwater. The drain or leach field is the name given to this region. Before establishing a septic tank, you are required by law to do a percolation test, sometimes known as a “perc” test. This test indicates that the soil fits the specifications established by the city and the local health agency. In most cases, suitable levels of permeable materials, such as sand or gravel, are necessary in a soil’s composition.
Note: If you wish to install a septic tank on your property, you must first ensure that the ground passes the percolation test.
Plan for Excavation
Excavation of the vast quantity of land required for a septic tank necessitates the use of heavy machinery. If you are presently residing on the property, be careful to account for landscaping fees to repair any damage that may have occurred during the excavation process. Plan the excavation for your new home at a period when it will have the least influence on the construction process if you are constructing a new home.
Typically, this occurs before to the paving of roads and walkways, but after the basic structure of the home has been constructed and erected. Adobe Licensed (Adobe Licensed)
The Cost of Installing a Septic Tank
There are a few installation charges and additional expenditures connected with constructing a new septic system, ranging from a percolation test to emptying the septic tank and everything in between.
A percolation test can range in price from $250 to $1,000, depending on the area of the property and the soil characteristics that are being tested. Ordinarily, specialists will only excavate a small number of holes in the intended leach field region; however, if a land study is required to identify where to excavate, the cost of your test may rise.
Building Permit Application
A permit will be required if you want to install a septic tank on your property. State-by-state variations in permit prices exist, however they are normally priced around $200 and must be renewed every few years on average.
Excavation and Installation
When you have passed a percolation test and obtained a building permit, your septic tank is ready to be professionally placed. The cost of a new septic system is determined by the size of your home, the kind of system you choose, and the material used in your septic tank. The following is a list of the many treatment methods and storage tanks that are now available, as well as the normal pricing associated with each.
Types of Septic Tank Systems
Septic system that is used in the traditional sense Traditionally, a septic system relies on gravity to transport waste from the home into the septic tank. Solid trash settles at the bottom of the sewage treatment plant, while liquid sewage rises to the top. Whenever the amount of liquid sewage increases over the outflow pipe, the liquid waste is discharged into the drain field, where it continues to disintegrate. This type of traditional septic system is generally the most economical, with an average cost of roughly $3,000 on the market today.
Drain fields for alternative systems require less land than conventional systems and discharge cleaner effluent.
Septic system that has been engineered A poorly developed soil or a property placed on an uphill slope need the installation of an engineered septic system, which is the most difficult to install.
It is necessary to pump the liquid waste onto a leach field, rather than depending on gravity to drain it, in order to ensure that it is equally dispersed across the land.
Types of Septic Tanks
- Concrete septic tanks are long-lasting and rust-proof, but they are difficult to repair if they are damaged. It is possible that concrete tanks will cost up to $2,000 depending on their size. Plastic —While plastic tanks are cost-effective, they are also susceptible to damage. They are around $1,200 in price. Fiberglass —While fiberglass septic tanks are more durable than their plastic counterparts, they are susceptible to shifting or displacement if the water table rises to an excessive level. Depending on the model, these tanks may cost up to $2,000
More information may be found at: Septic Warranty Coverage and Costs.
Using Your Septic Tank
It is important to maintain the area around your new septic tank’s drain field and to frequently check your tank using the lids included with it. Never use a trash disposal in conjunction with your septic tank since it might cause the system to clog. Additionally, avoid driving over the land where your septic tank is located or putting heavy gear on top of your septic tank or drain field to prevent damage. Most of the time, after five years of septic system use, you’ll need to arrange a cleaning and pumping of the system.
Consequently, there will be no accumulation of solid waste that will leach into the surrounding soil or groundwater. Send an email to our Reviews Team [email protected] if you have any comments or questions regarding this post.
Types of Septic Systems
Septic system design and size can differ significantly from one neighborhood to the next, as well as throughout the country, due to a variety of variables. Household size, soil type, slope of the site, lot size, closeness to sensitive water bodies, weather conditions, and even municipal ordinances are all considerations to take into consideration. The following are 10 of the most often encountered septic system configurations. It should be noted that this is not an exhaustive list; there are several additional types of septic systems.
- Septic Tank, Conventional System, Chamber System, Drip Distribution System, Aerobic Treatment Unit, Mound Systems, Recirculating Sand Filter System, Evapotranspiration System, Constructed Wetland System, Cluster / Community System, etc.
This tank is underground and waterproof, and it was designed and built specifically for receiving and partially treating raw home sanitary wastewater. Generally speaking, heavy materials settle at or near the bottom of the tank, whereas greases and lighter solids float to the surface. The sediments are retained in the tank, while the wastewater is sent to the drainfield for further treatment and dispersion once it has been treated.
Septic tanks and trench or bed subsurface wastewater infiltration systems are two types of decentralized wastewater treatment systems (drainfield). When it comes to single-family homes and small businesses, a traditional septic system is the most common type of system. For decades, people have used a gravel/stone drainfield as a method of water drainage. The term is derived from the process of constructing the drainfield. A short underground trench made of stone or gravel collects wastewater from the septic tank in this configuration, which is commonly used.
Effluent filters through the stone and is further cleaned by microorganisms once it reaches the soil below the gravel/stone trench, which is located below the trench.
Gravelless drainfields have been regularly utilized in various states for more than 30 years and have evolved into a standard technology that has mostly replaced gravel systems. Various configurations are possible, including open-bottom chambers, pipe that has been clothed, and synthetic materials such as expanded polystyrene media. Gravelless systems can be constructed entirely of recycled materials, resulting in considerable reductions in carbon dioxide emissions during their lifetime. The chamber system is a type of gravelless system that can be used as an example.
The key advantage of the chamber system is the enhanced simplicity with which it can be delivered and built.
This sort of system is made up of a number of chambers that are connected to one another.
Wastewater is transported from the septic tank to the chambers through pipes. The wastewater comes into touch with the earth when it is contained within the chambers. The wastewater is treated by microbes that live on or near the soil.
Drip Distribution System
An effluent dispersal system such as the drip distribution system may be employed in a variety of drainfield configurations and is very versatile. In comparison to other distribution systems, the drip distribution system does not require a vast mound of dirt because the drip laterals are only placed into the top 6 to 12 inches of soil. In addition to requiring a big dosage tank after the sewage treatment plant to handle scheduled dose delivery of wastewater to drip absorption areas, the drip distribution system has one major disadvantage: it is more expensive.
Aerobic Treatment Unit
Aerobic Treatment Units (ATUs) are small-scale wastewater treatment facilities that employ many of the same procedures as a municipal sewage plant. An aerobic system adds oxygen to the treatment tank using a pump. When there is an increase in oxygen in the system, there is an increase in natural bacterial activity, which then offers extra treatment for nutrients in the effluent. It is possible that certain aerobic systems may additionally include a pretreatment tank as well as a final treatment tank that will include disinfection in order to further lower pathogen levels.
ATUs should be maintained on a regular basis during their service life.
Using mound systems in regions with short soil depth, high groundwater levels, or shallow bedrock might be a good alternative. A drainfield trench has been dug through the sand mound that was erected. The effluent from the septic tank runs into a pump chamber, where it is pumped to the mound in the amounts recommended. During its release to the trench, the effluent filters through the sand and is dispersed into the native soil, where it continues to be treated. However, while mound systems can be an effective solution for some soil conditions, they demand a significant amount of land and require regular care.
Recirculating Sand Filter System
Sand filter systems can be built either above or below ground, depending on the use. The effluent is discharged from the septic tank into a pump compartment. Afterwards, it is pushed into the sand filter. The sand filter is often made of PVC or a concrete box that is filled with a sand-like substance. The effluent is pushed through the pipes at the top of the filter under low pressure to the drain. As the effluent exits the pipelines, it is treated as it passes through the sand filtering system.
However, sand filters are more costly than a standard septic system because they provide a higher level of nutrient treatment and are thus better suited for areas with high water tables or that are adjacent to bodies of water.
Evaporative cooling systems feature drainfields that are one-of-a-kind. It is necessary to line the drainfield at the base of the evapotranspiration system with a waterproof material. Following the entry of the effluent into the drainfield, it evaporates into the atmosphere. At the same time, the sewage never filters into the soil and never enters groundwater, unlike other septic system designs. It is only in particular climatic circumstances that evapotranspiration systems are effective. The environment must be desert, with plenty of heat and sunshine, and no precipitation.
Constructed Wetland System
Construction of a manufactured wetland is intended to simulate the treatment processes that occur in natural wetland areas. Wastewater goes from the septic tank and into the wetland cell, where it is treated. Afterwards, the wastewater goes into the media, where it is cleaned by microorganisms, plants, and other media that eliminate pathogens and nutrients. Typically, a wetland cell is constructed with an impermeable liner, gravel and sand fill, and the necessary wetland plants, all of which must be capable of withstanding the constant saturation of the surrounding environment.
As wastewater travels through the wetland, it may escape the wetland and flow onto a drainfield, where it will undergo more wastewater treatment before being absorbed into the soil by bacteria.
Cluster / Community System
In certain cases, a decentralized wastewater treatment system is owned by a group of people and is responsible for collecting wastewater from two or more residences or buildings and transporting it to a treatment and dispersal system placed on a suitable location near the dwellings or buildings. Cluster systems are widespread in settings like rural subdivisions, where they may be found in large numbers.
Alternative Septic Systems For Difficult Sites
This Article Discusses Mound Systems are a type of system that is used to build mounds. Alternative Systems are also available. View and post commentsQuestions Septic System FAQsView all articles on the SEPTIC SYSTEM If your lot does not pass the perc test, some towns may enable you to construct an engineered system as a backup plan if the perc test fails. For waterfront estates and other ecologically sensitive places, alternative water-treatment systems may also be necessary to aid in the protection of water supplies.
- A “mound” system operates in much the same way as a normal system, except that the leach field is elevated above the natural grade.
- They require more frequent monitoring and maintenance in order to avoid complications.
- It is possible that the technology will not operate as planned if either the designer or the installer is inexperienced with the technology.
- The design of a system is particular to the soil type, site circumstances, and degree of consumption that is being considered.
- Some states and municipalities will only accept system types that have been certified in their jurisdiction, and they may also demand that the owner maintain a service contract with a vendor that has been approved by the state or municipality.
When it comes to success with alternative systems, proper maintenance is essential.
Mound systems are often two to three times more expensive than ordinary septic systems, and they need more frequent monitoring and maintenance. To see a larger version, click here. Ohio State University Extension provides the following information: The mound is comprised of a network of tiny distribution pipes that are embedded in a layer of gravel on top of a layer of sand that is normally one to two feet deep. Topsoil is applied to the tops and sides of the structure (see illustration). A dosing chamber (also known as a pump chamber) is included in a mound system, and it is responsible for collecting wastewater that is discharged from the septic tank.
- Most feature an alarm system that notifies the owner or a repair company if the pump fails or if the water level in the tank increases to an unsafe level.
- Aside from that, monitoring wells are frequently placed to keep track on the conditions inside and outside the leach field.
- The most expensive items are the additional equipment, as well as the earthwork and other materials that are required to construct the mound.
- In extreme cases, a mound system can cost more than $20,000 in some locations.
- In certain cases, annual maintenance expenditures may exceed $500.
OTHER ALTERNATIVE SEPTIC SYSTEMS
Sand filters that do not have a bottom are frequent on coastal properties and other ecologically sensitive places. There is a large variety of alternative septic systems available on the market, with new ones being introduced on a regular basis. Some are designed at community systems that serve a number of houses, and they are often monitored and maintained by a professional service provider. Some alternative systems are well-suited to particular houses, albeit the costs, complexity, and upkeep of these systems must be carefully evaluated before implementing them.
Before the wastewater reaches the leach field, which serves as a miniature replica of a sewage-treatment plant, some larger community systems employ pre-treatment to reduce the amount of bacteria present.
There are numerous other versions and combinations of systems and components that may be employed, including the following:
- Pressurized dosing: This method makes use of a holding tank and a pump to drive effluent through the distribution pipe in a more uniform and regulated manner, hence boosting the effectiveness of the leach field. When used in conjunction with other techniques, such as a mound system, a sand filter, plastic leach fields or drip irrigation, it can be used to rehabilitate a leach field
- However, it should not be used alone.
- Septic system with alternative leach field made of plastic: This is a normal septic system with an alternative leach field that may be shrunk in some jurisdictions, making it ideally suited for tiny construction sites. Because the half-pipe plastic chambers provide a gap for effluent flow, there is no need for gravel in the system. Infiltrator System, for example, has been in service for more than two decades and, according to the manufacturer, can withstand traffic volumes with only 12 inches of compacted cover. The higher cost of the plastic components is somewhat countered by the lower cost of gravel and the smaller area of the drain field, respectively.
- Sand filter: This is a big sand-filled box that is 2-4 feet deep and has a waterproof lining made of concrete or polyvinyl chloride (PVC). Using filtration and anaerobic microorganisms, the sand is utilized to pre-treat wastewater before it is discharged into the leaching field. The boxes are often partially or completely buried in the ground, although they can also be elevated above ground level as necessary. While a pump and controls are typically used to equally administer the effluent on top of the filter, gravity distribution is also viable in some instances. The most common setup is shown in Figure 1. A collection tank at the bottom of the tank collects the treated effluent, which is either pumped or gravity-fed to the drain field. Some sand filters recycle the effluent back to the tank multiple times before discharging it into the drain field, while others do not. The majority of sand filters are used for pre-treatment, although they can also be utilized as the primary treatment in certain situations. A “bottomless sand filter” is used in this situation since the effluent drains straight into the soil underneath the filter (see photo above). A well designed and manufactured sand filter that is regularly maintained will prevent sand from being clogged on a consistent basis. More information about Sand Filters may be found here.
- Aerobic treatment system: These systems treat wastewater by the use of an aerobic process, which is normally carried out in an underground concrete tank with many chambers. Aeration, purification, and pumping of the effluent are all accomplished through the use of four chambers in the most complicated systems. The first chamber functions similarly to a smaller version of a regular septic tank in its function. An air pump is employed in the second “treatment” tank to ensure that the effluent is continually injected with fresh air. The presence of oxygen promotes the growth of aerobic bacteria, which are more effective in processing sewage than the anaerobic bacteria found in a standard septic system. It is possible to utilize a third and fourth chamber in certain systems to further clarify the water and to pump out the purified water. In addition, so-called “fixed-film” systems make use of a synthetic media filter to help the bacterial process go more quickly. In the correct hands, aerobic systems may create better-quality wastewater than a typical system, and they may also incorporate a disinfectant before the purified wastewater is discharged. A smaller drain field may be used in urban areas while a larger area may be sprayed across a whole field in rural areas. Technically speaking, they are tiny sewage treatment plants rather than septic systems, and they rely mostly on anaerobic treatment to accomplish their goals. They are referred to as ATUs in some circles (aerobic treatment units). Installation and maintenance of these systems are prohibitively expensive
- As a result, they are mostly employed in situations where high-quality treatment is required in a small area or with poor soils. A growing number of them are being built on beachfront sites. More information about Anaerobic Treatment Systems may be found here.
- Using a pump, wastewater is sent via a filtering mechanism and onto an array of shallow drip tubes that are spaced out across a vast area for irrigation. In order to send reasonably clean water to the system, a pretreatment unit is often necessary. Alternatively, the water may be utilized to irrigate a lawn or non-edible plants, which would help to eliminate nitrogen from the wastewater. This sort of system may be employed in shallow soils, clay soils, and on steep slopes, among other conditions. Frozen tubes can pose problems in cold areas since they are so close to the surface of the water. Expect hefty installation fees, as well as additional monitoring and maintenance, just as you would with other alternative systems.
- Wetlands that have been constructed. These are suitable for those who are environmentally conscious and wish to take an active role in the recycling of their wastewater. They may be used in practically any type of soil. An artificial shallow pond is used in the system, which is lined with rock, tire chippings, or other suitable medium and then filled with water. A pleasant atmosphere is created by the media, which serves as a habitat for particular plants that process wastewater and maintain the ecosystem. Wastewater from the septic tank is dispersed across the media bed through a perforated conduit, where plant roots, bacteria, and other microorganisms break down the contaminants in the water. The treated water is collected in a second pipe located at the back of the marsh. Household members must budget time for planting, pruning, and weeding in the wetlands area.
Additional resources: National Small Flows Clearinghouse Inspectapedia.com You may also be interested in:Who Should I Hire For Perc Test? Whether or not alternative septic systems are permitted. Is It Possible for Septic Systems to Last a Lifetime? How Much Slope Do You Need for a Septic Line? Performing an Inspection on a Septic System When Is the Best Time to Take a Perc Test? Should I use a Sand Filter with my existing septic system? Examination of the WellSEPTIC SYSTEMView allSEPTIC SYSTEMarticles Return to the top of the page