- There is no problem with the septic TANK being too close to the house because it is a closed container. The standard is 10′, but some are closer and others are much farther away. The leach field or cesspool is usually about 5′ from the tank, but even that is subject to ground conditions.
How deep is a septic tank usually buried?
Often, septic tank lids are at ground level. In most cases, they have buried anywhere from four inches to four feet underground. If you’ve just bought the home and you don’t know where your septic tank is located, this guide will provide information on how to find your septic tank.
How do I find out where my septic tank is located?
Follow the Main Sewer Line Look for a pipe that’s roughly four inches in diameter that leads away from your house. Remember the location of the sewer pipe and where the pipe leaves your home so you can find it outside. The sewer pipes will lead to where your septic tank is located.
How far is septic tank from house?
Septic tanks are required to be at least 5 feet from the house, although most are between 10 and 25 feet away.
Will metal detector find septic tank?
If it’s Concrete or Steel, Use a Metal Detector. Based on your conclusions in Step 3, if your septic tank is likely made from concrete or steel, a metal detector can make the task of locating it much easier. But not just any metal detector will do.
Are septic tank locations public record?
Contact your local health department for public records. These permits should come with a diagram of the location where the septic system is buried. Depending on the age of your septic system, you may be able to find information regarding the location of your septic system by making a public records request.
How were old septic tanks built?
Many of the first septic tanks were concrete tanks that were formed out of wood and poured in place in the ground and covered with a concrete lid or often some type of lumber. In the 1960s, precast concrete tanks became more prevalent as the standard of practice improved.
How long do septic tanks last?
A septic system’s lifespan should be anywhere from 15 to 40 years. How long the system lasts depends on a number of factors, including construction material, soil acidity, water table, maintenance practices, and several others.
What are the signs that your septic tank is full?
Here are some of the most common warning signs that you have a full septic tank:
- Your Drains Are Taking Forever.
- Standing Water Over Your Septic Tank.
- Bad Smells Coming From Your Yard.
- You Hear Gurgling Water.
- You Have A Sewage Backup.
- How often should you empty your septic tank?
How close can leach field be to house?
Common guidelines require at least 50′ clearance distance between a well and a septic system tank or 150′ between a well and a septic drainfield or leaching bed but you will see that different authorities may recommend different distances. Local soil and rock conditions can make these “rules of thumb” unreliable.
How far does a septic tank have to be from a boundary?
Legally you should ensure that your septic tank is 15 metres away from another property which will help you avoid placing a tank too close to any fencing.
What is the minimum distance between septic tank and well?
The distance between the septic tank and borewell is 15 ft and the dimension of the septic tank is 11X6X7 ft.
How do I find the top of my septic tank?
You can locate the lid of your septic tank by poking the ground every few feet with a metal probe. Lids can be buried up to a foot deep on average, so be sure to investigate any bumps that may indicate something is buried underneath.
Are septic tanks metal?
Steel Septic Tank—Steel septic tanks are the least durable and least popular tank option. Designed to last no more than 20-25 years, they can be susceptible to rust even before that. Steel top covers can rust through and cause an unsuspecting person to fall into the tank.
Are septic tanks made of metal?
The majority of septic tanks are constructed out of concrete, fiberglass, polyethylene or coated steel. Typically, septic tanks with a capacity smaller than 6,000 gallons are pre-manufactured. Larger septic tanks are constructed in place or assembled on-site from pre-manufactured sections.
Septic Tank Location – DISTANCE TO SEPTIC TANK
- POSTING a QUESTION or COMMENT on the topic of utilizing measures to locate the septic tank or cleanout access cover.
SUBMIT your question or comment on the topic of utilizing measures to locate the septic tank or cleanout access cover.
DISTANCE TO TANK – How To Measure The Possible Distance From House to Tank
SEPTIC VIDEOS has videos that demonstrate how to locate the septic system, septic tank, and septic drainfield. Also read SEPTIC DRAINFIELD LOCATION—how to locate the leach fields—for more information. In our sketch at left, we marked the location of waste lines exiting the building and then took accurate one-inch measurements to locate the septic tank center as well as the onsite seepage pits. We measured from the centers of each of these to prominent site features in order to determine how far the septic tank is from the building.
The steps outlined below deal with measuring the placement of a septic tank after it has already been erected.
- Step 1: If there is a main waste line cleanout access opening and IF you are unable to find any clues to the location of the tank by looking outside, open the cleanout (this should be done by your plumber) and insert a plumbing snake (a plumbing line cleaning tool, not the slithering animal) into the line to determine the distance between the tank and the cleanout. A plumbing snake is nothing more than a flexible steel or fiberglass rod that is inserted into the main drain line in order to clear obstructions in the main drain line and remove them. However, as you’ll see in the next section, creative use of this tool may pinpoint the exact position of a septic tank. Step 2: Measure the distance between the septic tank and the house. Push the snake all the way into the waste line until it comes to a halt. It will come to a halt either when it reaches the interior of the septic tank (which is frequently the entrance baffle) or if it runs into an impediment such as a collapsed line between the home and the tank (which is not uncommon). To avoid this, it is possible that the line will simply run out of snake length and coil within the septic tank until the entire length of the available snake length has been entered. (Unfortunate circumstances.)
- How to estimate the distance between your septic tank and your building, step 3: By watching how far the plumbing snake goes into the waste line until it stops, you may determine the maximum distance that the tank is likely to be away from your home. It is possible that the tank will be closer to the house since the line will bend or run at an angle – it will not go away from the house at a straight 90 degrees from the house wall
- Obstructions in the drain line from the house to the septic tank: The difficulty is that if you run into an obstacle instead of the tank, you must locate, excavate, and fix the problem regardless of where the tank is located.
- In terms of distance: The septic tank will be positioned outside the building on an arc created with its radius distance from the building equal to the length of a snake that was fed into the home drain until it was stopped by an obstruction until it is filled with water. Typically, the septic tank is around 10 feet away from the structure. By means of an electronic sensor: The septic tank may be pinpointed with pinpoint accuracy using technological means: Some plumbing contractors can locate the precise position of the septic tank at this stage by inserting a special plumbing snake into the main home drain pipe and running it through the house. The metal plumbing snake receives an electrical signal that is supplied into it. The signal from the plumbing snake may be detected by a receiver located outside. The precise course of the snake in the underground drain line may be traced all the way to the tank by passing the receiver, which functions as a type of electronic metal detector, over the surface of the land. Equipment for Locating Septic Tanks is also available. EQUIPMENT FOR LOCATING SEPTIC TANKS in this particular article
Whenever this specialized electronic plumbing snake equipment is not accessible, we rely on visual cues found in the home, at the site, and outside in the vicinity of possible septic tank placements, as well as some judicious digging to locate the septic tank. No, we don’t have to dig up the entire land to do this. Finding the septic tank involves a combination of visual inspection and excavation techniques, which are detailed below.
Reader CommentsQ A
(11th of April, 2015) Is it possible to have a sewage pipe running from the house to the septic tank that is longer than 150 feet? Are there any restrictions on the maximum distance that may be traveled between a septic system and a house? Thank you very much.
Yes, however you would need to pay close attention to the pipe slope, minimize needless bends, use the right connections (not 90’s), and it would be wise to include inspection and cleanout holes every 50-75 feet enroute to avoid clogging the system. Doris Which vent do you want to use – a rooftop vent? building? or a vent in a foundation wall, for that matter? Alternatively, do you have a vent line protruding from your yard? For those who believe the latter, the tank may still be found anywhere the site permits – normally it’s as near to the structure as possible without compromising structural integrity – frequently only 10 ft – In other words, sorry, no one knows without seeing the tank on-site.
- Keep an eye out: if no one knows where the septic tank is, we may assume that it hasn’t been pumped in a long time, which gives us reason to be gloomy about the drainfield’s remaining life.
- The risk of a tragic fall into a septic tank when crossing a decaying home-made wood cover or rusted out steel cover cannot be overstated.
- According to Secoh, the following pipe requirements are necessary for their air pumps: PIPINGSelect tube sizes, lengths, and attachments to minimize pressure loss to the greatest extent feasible.
- Using tubing with a diameter that is greater than the port on the device (inside diameter min.
- There are no elbows and the bends are of great radius.
- EasyPump, 50 West Drive, Melbourne, Florida 32904 United States Tel: 321-253-1999 1-800-225-4498 Email: [email protected] Low-loss diffusers for aeration are available from Secoh EasyPump at the address above.
- or What is the maximum length or distance of tubing that may be used with an aerobic septic aerator pump?
- The pump is rated as Air Flow: 80LPM or 2.83 CFM to 4.23 CFM Open Flow.
- Pump ratings are expressed in terms of “open flow” rate.
Increases in tubing length, the number of elbows, bends, or fittings, as well as any increase in the depth to which the pump must push air, will all result in a reduction in the actual measured air delivery volume at the aerator in the aerobic septic tank, according to the American Society of Civil Engineers.
If we are to presume that the size and installation of your aerobic septic system were adequate in the first place, you should not relocate it more than 50 feet away without first speaking with Secoh or the firm who developed and built your aerobic septic system.
Take caution, because if an aerobic septic tank’s air flow rate, volume, duration, or CFM/LPM are not sufficient, it could result in a financially ruinous situation: failure to adequately treat the septic waste can result in early failure of the septic drainfield and contamination of the surrounding environment.
- Call 1-877-925-5132 or email [email protected] to get in touch with the provider, septicsolutions.
- in Dieterich, Illinois 62424, USA.
- If you are able, please re-post the photograph.
- I have 50 feet of 1/2-inch PVC tubing as well as the electricity to run the air pump.
- Do you have any difficulties or concerns?
- Is there any reason why I cannot add a 50-foot air hose to the system to eliminate the noise?
However, there are practical distance limitations, such as the requirement to slope effluent lines in order for them to drain from tank to field by gravity; if the distance is exceeded, an effluent pumping system would be required.
We appreciate you sharing your thoughts, and we welcome your questions, critiques, and recommendations.
It aided me much in completing my 2018 EGD PAT.
I needed information about septic tanks for a project I was working on, and this was quite useful.
However, if the drain line is going to be running for a long distance, you’ll want to make sure there are access points for cleaning and inspection.
What is the maximum distance between the septic tank and the house? Read on to learn how to FIND THE MAIN WASTE LINE EXIT Alternatively, choose a topic from the closely related articles listed below, or browse the entireARTICLE INDEX. Alternatively, consider the following:
Septic Tank Location Articles
- Yes, however you would need to pay close attention to the pipe slope, prevent needless bends, use the right connections (not 90’s), and it would be wise to include inspection and cleanout openings every 50-75 feet enroute to avoid clogging the pipes. Doris Rooftop vent or anything else? building? or a vent in the foundation wall, for that matter? Alternatively, do you have a vent line protruding from your lawn? For those who believe the latter, the tank may still be found anywhere the site permits – normally it’s as near to the building as possible, which is sometimes only 10 feet away. In other words, no one knows where the tank is without going to the site and looking. See SEPTIC TANK, HOW TO FIND IT utilizing simple visual cues, or, as a last option, a sewage line camera and some digging in SEPTIC TANK, HOW TO FIND IT Keep an eye out: if no one knows where the septic tank is, we may assume that it hasn’t been pumped in a long time, which leads us to believe that the drainfield’s life expectancy is dwindling. Also, keep in mind that when we don’t know where the septic tank is, we don’t know how old it is or if it has a cover on it. Septic tank fall-ins are possible while walking over decaying, home-made wood covers or rusted-out metal covers. What is the distance between the septic tank and the venting system? In regards to the pipe requirements for their air pumps, the following is what Secoh has to say: PIPINGSelect tube sizes, lengths, and attachments with the goal of minimizing pressure loss. Apply: Straight and as short as feasible piping is preferred. Using tubing with a diameter that is greater than the unit’s port (inside diameter min. 19mm). Bends with a large radius and no elbows are used. Ventilation valves with a larger diameter than the connecting port on the blower The lowest possible pressure drop is achieved by using smooth-running valves. EasyPump, 50 West Drive, Melbourne, Florida 32904 United States Tel: 321-253-1999 1-800-225-4498 Email: [email protected] Low-loss diffusers for aeration are available from Secoh EasyPump. Web site or retail establishment: 2019/02/18 was the date of retrieval. source at the time of publishing: Bill, Please accept my thanks for posing such an intriguing subject. What is the influence of distance on the performance of aerobic septic tank aerators? or In the case of an aerobic septic aerator pump, what is the maximum length or distance of tubing allowed? There are numerous varieties of the Secoh EL-80 septic pump available, with air supply rates ranging from 2.83 CFM to 4.23 CFM in CFM or LPM, depending on the model. The performance curves for Secoh aerator pumps given below (which were taken from the company’s sales brochure) clearly demonstrate that as the pump’s “PSI” increases, the flow rate declines. Pump ratings are expressed in terms of “open flow” rates. Understanding the concept of “open flow” is essential. It is possible to monitor open flow at the pump’s exit since there is no resistance on the pump’s output. Increasing the length of tubing, the number of elbows, bends, or fittings, or increasing the depth to which the pump must push air will all result in a reduction of the actual measured air delivery volume at the aerator in the aerobic septic tank. septicsolutions For example, here is how one vendor of septic aerators puts it: It is customary for the size of the air pump to be dictated by the volume of the tank, the kind of air diffusers installed in the tank, and the number of GPD (Gallons Per Day) that the system is intended to treat. If we are to presume that the size and installation of your aerobic septic system were adequate in the first place, you should not relocate it more than 50 feet without first speaking with Secoh or the business who developed and built your aerobic septic system, as explained above. In order to ensure appropriate air supply into your aerobic septic tank, you may need to utilize bigger diameter tubing or a greater capacity septic pump. Take caution, because if an aerobic septic tank’s air flow rate, volume, duration, or CFM/LPM are not sufficient, it could result in a financially ruinous situation: failure to adequately treat the septic waste could result in early failure of the septic drainfield and contamination of the surrounding environment, among other things. I apologize for not being able to provide a more precise response such as – yes, if you use 3/4″ tubing – since, like Secoh, I cannot see your aerobic septic installation from my vantage point in central Mexico and therefore have no additional information about it. Call 1-877-925-5132 or email [email protected] to get in touch with the provider, Septicsolutions. Septic Solutions, 314 Center St., Dieterich, IL 62424, United States of America. IMAGE LOST by an earlier version of the Comments code – now corrected. It would be very appreciated if you could re-post the picture. Sorry. Mod. Aeration air pump is 50 feet away from my septic tank, and I want to relocate it. In addition to the air pump, I have 50 feet of 1/2 PVC tubing. Ideally, I would like to relocate my air pump to the rear of my home and put it in a vented soundproof enclosure. Is there anything you’d want to share with us? A 3.6 PSI air pump, model EL-80, is in use at my home. Is there a reason why I can’t add a 50-foot air hose to the system to eliminate the hum? It’s not true, Drew, that there is a limit to the distance between a septic tank and a leach field. However, there are practical distance limitations, such as the requirement to slope effluent lines in order for them to drain from tank to field by gravity
- If the distance is exceeded, an effluent pumping system would be necessary. When it comes to distances between septic tanks and leach fields, is there a maximum? Thanks for letting us know
- We appreciate any questions, criticisms, or recommendations you may have. THANK YOU SO MUCH FOR THIS INFORMATION. The 2018 EGD PAT S.F. was a huge help to me, and I thank you for that. This information was quite useful when I was working on my septic tank renovation. It is restricted by the size and dimensions of your site, local setback requirements, and the slope or relative elevations of the ground that separates your house from the septic tank (or use of a septic pump). However, if the drain line is going to be running for a long distance, you’ll want to make sure there are access points for cleaning or inspection. The septic tank is around how far away from the home may it be placed? EXIT FROM MAIN WASTE LINE, FIND IT, and CONTINUE READING Alternatively, choose a topic from the closely related articles listed below, or browse the entireARTICLE INDEX. Alternatively, have a look at
- Yes, however you would need to pay attention to the pipe slope, minimize needless bends, use the right connections (not 90’s), and it would be wise to include inspection and cleanout openings every 50-75 feet enroute. Doris Which vent do you mean – a rooftop vent? building? or a vent in a foundation wall, for example? Or perhaps you have a vent line protruding from your yard? For those who believe the latter, the tank may still be found anywhere the site permits – normally it’s as near to the structure as possible without compromising structural integrity – frequently only 10 ft – In other words, sorry, no one knows without examining on-site. See SEPTIC TANK, HOW TO FIND IT utilizing simple visual indicators, or, as a last resort, a sewage line camera and some digging to learn more about this. Keep an eye out: if no one knows where the septic tank is, we may assume that it hasn’t been drained in a long time, which gives us reason to be gloomy about the remaining drainfield life. Keep in mind that when the location of a septic tank is unknown, we have no way of knowing the condition of the tank or its cover. Septic tank fall-ins are possible while walking over rotting, home-made wood covers or rusted-out steel covers. What is the distance between the septic tank and the vent pipe? According to Secoh, the following pipe requirements are required for their air pumps: PIPINGSelect tube sizes, lengths, and attachments to minimize pressure loss. Apply: Pipe should be as straight and as short as feasible. Tubing with a diameter that is greater than the port of the device (inside diameter min. 19mm). Bends with large radiuses and no elbows Valves with a larger diameter than the connecting port of the blower Smooth-running valves that have the lowest pressure drop are preferred. EasyPump, 50 West Drive, Melbourne, Florida 32904 United States Tel: 321-253-1999 1-800-225-4498 Email: [email protected] a website or a shop retrieved on February 18th, 2019 source at the time of writing: Bill, Thank you for posing such a thought-provoking subject. What is the impact of distance on the performance of aerobic septic tank aerator pumps? or What is the maximum length or distance of tubing allowed for an aerobic septic aerator pump? The Secoh EL-80 septic pump is available in a variety of versions with air supply rates ranging from 2.83 CFM to 4.23 CFM in CFM or LPM. The pump is rated as Air Flow: 80LPM or 2.83 CFM to 4.23 CFM Open Flow. In the graph below, which was taken from the company’s sales brochure, it is clearly visible that, when the pump’s pressure (PSI) is increased, the flow rate declines. Pump ratings are stated in terms of “open flow” rates. It is essential to comprehend the concept of “open flow.” Open flow is measured directly at the pump’s exit when there is no resistance in the pump. Increases in tubing length, the number of elbows, bends, or fittings, as well as any increase in the depth to which the pump must push air, will all result in a reduction in the actual measured air delivery volume at the aerator in the aerobic septic tank, according to the American Society of Aeration. septicsolutions According to a vendor of septic aerators, the situation can be summarized as follows: The size of the air pump is typically decided by the volume capacity of the tank, the design of the air diffusers in the tank, and the number of GPD (Gallons Per Day) that the system is meant to treat, among other factors. If we are to presume that the size and installation of your aerobic septic system were adequate in the first place, you should not relocate it more than 50 feet without first speaking with Secoh or the business who developed and constructed your aerobic septic system. In order to ensure enough supply of oxygen into your aerobic septic tank, you may need to utilize bigger diameter tubing or a greater capacity septic pump. Take caution, because if an aerobic septic tank’s air flow rate, volume, duration, or CFM/LPM are not sufficient, it could result in a financially ruinous situation: failure to adequately treat the septic waste could result in early failure of the septic drainfield and contamination of the surrounding environment. I apologize for not being able to provide a more precise response such as – yes, if you use 3/4″ tubing – since, like Secoh, from my vantage point in central Mexico, I cannot see your aerobic septic installation and therefore have no more information about it. Septicsolutions may be reached by phone at 1-877-925-5132 or by email at [email protected]. Septic Solutions, 314 Center St., Dieterih, IL 62424, United States of America IMAGE LOST by an earlier version of the Comments code – now corrected. Please re-post the image if at all possible. Sorry. Mod. I’d like to relocate my Aeration air pump 50 feet away from my septic tank for safety reasons. I have 50 feet of 1/2-inch PVC tubing and enough electricity to run the air compressor. I want to relocate the air pump to the rear of my house and put it in a vented soundproof enclosure. Do you have any questions or concerns? I’m using an EL-80 air pump that produces 3.6 PSI. Is there any reason why I can’t add a 50-foot air hose to the system to eliminate the noise? It’s not true, Drew, that there is a limit to the distance between a septic tank and a leach field. However, there are practical distance limitations, such as the requirement to slope effluent lines in order for them to drain from tank to field by gravity
- If the distance is exceeded, an effluent pumping system must be installed. Is there a distance limit between the septic tank and the leach field? We appreciate you letting us know, and we welcome your questions, critiques, and recommendations. THIS INFORMATION WAS VERY USEFUL. It aided me much on my 2018 EGD PAT. S.F. I needed information about septic tanks for a project I was working on, and this was incredibly useful. The distance between your home and your septic tank is determined by the size and dimensions of your property, municipal setback restrictions, and the slope or relative elevations of the ground (or use of a septic pump). However, if the drain line is going to be running for a long distance, you’ll want to make sure there are access points for cleaning and inspecting it. What is the maximum distance that I may set between the septic tank and the house? EXIT FROM MAIN WASTE LINE, FIND IT AND CONTINUE READING choose a subject from the closely related articles listed below, or browse the entireARTICLE INDEX. Alternatively, have a look at these
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How to Find the Lid on a Septic System
All septic tanks eventually fill with sediments and must be pumped out on a regular basis in order to remain in excellent functioning order. If the tank’s lid is not on a riser at ground level and you are not the home’s original owner, you may be unable to determine where the lid is located. A typical septic tank is 4 inches to 4 feet underground, with all of its components, including the cover, buried between 4 inches and 4 feet underneath. This is true regardless of whether the septic tank is equipped with special risers that keep the lid flush with the surface of the ground.
Consult A Map
First, choose with the most straightforward choice. The installation of septic tanks at all locations is recorded in most counties’ permission records, which are kept on file for future reference. Typically, this will include a schematic indicating the placement of the tank on the land, as well as certain dimensions that will allow you to measure to the precise site of the tank. If your tank was placed before your county made it a requirement to record the location of such tanks, you may find yourself with nothing to show for your efforts.
Search For A Sign
Initial consideration should be given to the most straightforward choice. The installation of septic tanks at all locations is documented in most counties’ permission records. Typically, this will include a schematic indicating the placement of the tank on the land, as well as certain dimensions that will allow you to measure to the precise site of the tank. If your tank was placed before your county made it a requirement to record the location of such tanks, you may find yourself with nothing to show for your effort.
Follow The Pipe
Installation of the septic tank takes place along the sewage line that runs from the house into the front yard. Locate the 4-inch sewage pipe at the point where it exits the home in the basement or crawl space, if it is there. Locate the same spot outside and make a note of it. Insert a thin metal probe into the earth, identify the 4-inch sewage line, and follow it across the yard, probing every 2 feet, until you reach the end of the property.
Septic tanks are required to be at least 5 feet apart from the home in all states except Alaska. The majority of them are between 10 and 25 feet distant. Whenever the probe makes contact with flat concrete, fiberglass, or polyethylene it indicates that the tank has been located.
Locate The Lid
The majority of septic tanks are rectangular in shape and measure around 5 feet by 8 feet. Investigate the tank’s circumference to determine its boundaries and outline the rectangle’s boundary using a pencil. A septic tank that was built before 1975 will have a single concrete lid that is 24 inches in diameter in the center of the rectangle. If the tank was built after 1975, it will have two covers made of fiberglass or polyethylene, centered at the ends of the rectangle and centered at the ends of the rectangle.
Call A Professional
Opening a septic tank is a job best left to the pros once the lid has been discovered. Concrete septic tank lids are extremely heavy, and many require the use of lifting tools to remove them completely. An open tank has the potential to release toxic gases. Anyone going around on the property who comes into contact with an exposed septic tank might be in risk. Because of the noxious vapors present in an open tank, falling into one can be lethal.
Mark The Spot
Make a note on the ground near where the tank was pumped by a professional and the lid was buried to serve as a reference in the future. In order to keep track of where you are, you should choose a hefty circular patio tile that is embedded in the ground. Additionally, draw your own map of the area and store it with your other important papers.
HOW TO SAFELY ABANDON AN OLD SEPTIC TANK ON YOUR PROPERTY
If you’ve recently purchased an older house, it’s possible that a septic tank is located on the property. This is true even if your home is currently linked to the municipal water and sewer systems. A prior owner may have abandoned the ancient septic system and connected to the city sewage system when it became accessible at some time in the past. Despite the fact that there are standards in place today for properly leaving a septic tank, it was typical practice years ago to just leave the tanks in place and forget about them.
- The old tank may either be demolished or filled with water to solve the problem.
- It is possible that permits and inspections will be required.
- They are dangerous because curious children may pry open the lid and fall into the container.
- Falls into a septic tank can be lethal owing to the toxicity of the contents and the fact that concrete can collapse on top of you while falling into a tank.
- Eventually, this approach was phased out due to the fact that the steel would corrode and leave the tank susceptible to collapse.
- When it comes to ancient septic tanks, they are similar to little caves with a lid that might collapse at any time.
- The old tank is crushed and buried, or it is removed from the site.
If it is built of steel, it will very certainly be crushed and buried in its current location.
After that, the tank can be completely filled with sand, gravel, or any other form of rubble and buried.
Tanks can either be entirely dismantled or destroyed and buried in their original location.
The abandonment has been documented and plotted on a map.
It’s possible that you’ll forget about the tank once it’s been abandoned.
As a result, you might wish to sketch a map of the area where the old tank used to stand.
If you can demonstrate that an old septic tank was properly decommissioned, you may be able to increase the value of your property, and the new owners will enjoy knowing that large chunks of concrete are buried underground before they start digging in the yard to put something in it.
It may take some detective work to discover about the history of your land and what may be lying beneath the surface of the earth.
Upon discovering an old septic tank on your property that is no longer in service, contact Total Enviro Services for propertank abandonment procedures that meet with local standards and protect your family, pets, and farm animals from harm or death.
How to Find Your Septic Tank
Over time, all septic tanks become clogged with sediments and must be pumped out in order to continue functioning properly. Septic tank lids are frequently located at ground level. The majority of the time, they have been buried anywhere between four inches and four feet underground. In the event that you have recently purchased a property and are unsure as to where your septic tank is located, this article will give instructions on how to identify your septic tank. Noteworthy: While every property is unique, septic tanks are usually typically huge and difficult to build.
5 Ways to Find Your Septic Tank
1. Check with the municipal records. The most straightforward method of locating your septic tank is to review the building plans for your home that were approved by the local government. You should have received an application from the business that installed the septic tank, which should contain schematics and specifications that will help you to locate the precise location where the septic tank was installed. 2. Look for highs and lows in your data. The majority of septic tanks are constructed in such a way that they are barely noticeable.
- Almost usually, your septic tank will be constructed near where the main sewage line exits your property.
- Septic tanks are typically positioned between ten and twenty-five feet away from a home’s foundation.
- When you do, that’s when your septic tank comes into play!
- Look for the Lid.
- You will most likely find two polyethylene or fiberglass covers positioned on opposing sides of the perimeter of your septic tank if it was built after 1975 and installed after 1975.
- Those areas should be excavated in order to disclose the lids.
- Get in touch with the pros.
- Lifting concrete lids will necessitate the use of specialized equipment.
- A fall into an unprotected septic tank has the potential to be lethal.
- Produce your own diagram of your yard, which you may file away with your other important house paperwork.
That’s all there is to it! If you’ve been wondering where your septic tank is, you now have five alternatives to choose from, which should make finding it easier than ever. To book a plumbing service in Bastrop County, please contact us now!
joys of old house septic systems
Even if such is the reasoning that the proponents of pumping would like us to believe, the claim is simply not supported by the evidence. Originally, toilets were needed to flush 5 gallons every flush, which was then reduced to 3.5 gallons per flush in the late 1950s, and is currently regulated to flush 1.6 gallons per flush or less. Laundry was done in wringer washing machines that required 15 gallons of water plus another 15 gallons in the rinse tub, and most people used a double rinse tub, one for presoaking and the other for rinsing, and most people used a double rinse tub to presoak and rinse.
Bathing was done mostly in large claw foot baths that required 35 to 40 gallons of water per minute, or when there was a shower, it required 4 gallons per minute.
We also set the water heaters to 180 degrees Fahrenheit, which allowed us to utilize a 50/50 mix of hot and cold water.
It should also be remembered that in those days most women were homemakers and we cooked from scratch, resulting in the consumption of many gallons of water during the preparation and cooking process, not to mention the hundreds of gallons of water consumed in many homes as they home canned seasonal foods, whereas today our culture primarily relies on takeout or pre-processed foods that are heated directly from the freezer to the microwave or oven.
- It was once necessary that any rural construction lot where they wanted to place a septic tank be at least 2 acres in size and that the entire footprint of all structures on the site could not exceed 35 percent of its overall land area in the 1950s, 1960s, and even 1970s.
- Additional requirements included a minimum of three parallel leach field lines, each of which must be 60 feet long and with a minimum interval of five feet between parallel lines.
- The overall leach field area necessary now is a minuscule fraction of the amount required for the older residences.
- In the first place, the septic tank’s interior baffles prevent any floating solids from entering the digestion chamber.
- This is true except for the brief period following a tank pumping when the water level is still below the baffles, but given that the tank will normally be refilled within 3 days, the risk is minimal.
- Keep in mind that anaerobic bacteria (bactera that flourish in the absence of oxygen) colonize the septic tank, and that when the tank is pumped, the whole vessel will be filled with air, compromising even the leftover bacteria required to restart the culture.
- Because the tank is only built to store the volume of waste generated in three days, pumping the tank would only be able to ease the situation for three days at the very most.
The remedy is simple: simply obtain a trash can and dispose of the solid garbage at the curb.
Types of Septic Systems
Septic system design and size can differ significantly from one neighborhood to the next, as well as throughout the country, due to a variety of variables. Household size, soil type, slope of the site, lot size, closeness to sensitive water bodies, weather conditions, and even municipal ordinances are all considerations to take into consideration. The following are 10 of the most often encountered septic system configurations. It should be noted that this is not an exhaustive list; there are several additional types of septic systems.
- A variety of reasons might cause septic system design and size to differ significantly from one location to another, both inside and outside of your community. Household size, soil type, slope of the site, lot size, proximity to sensitive water bodies, weather conditions, and even municipal ordinances are all aspects to consider when making a home purchase. Septic systems come in a variety of shapes and sizes, and the following are the 10 most popular. There are a variety of additional types of septic systems not included in this list.
This tank is underground and waterproof, and it was designed and built specifically for receiving and partially treating raw home sanitary wastewater. Generally speaking, heavy materials settle at or near the bottom of the tank, whereas greases and lighter solids float to the surface. The sediments are retained in the tank, while the wastewater is sent to the drainfield for further treatment and dispersion once it has been treated.
Septic tanks and trench or bed subsurface wastewater infiltration systems are two types of decentralized wastewater treatment systems (drainfield). When it comes to single-family homes and small businesses, a traditional septic system is the most common type of system. For decades, people have used a gravel/stone drainfield as a method of water drainage. The term is derived from the process of constructing the drainfield. A short underground trench made of stone or gravel collects wastewater from the septic tank in this configuration, which is commonly used.
Effluent filters through the stone and is further cleaned by microorganisms once it reaches the soil below the gravel/stone trench, which is located below the trench.
Septic tanks and subsurface wastewater infiltration systems are two types of decentralized wastewater treatment systems that can be used (drainfield). When it comes to single-family homes and small businesses, a traditional septic system is the most common. For decades, people have used a gravel/stone drainfield as a method of removing water. ‘Drainfield’ is an abbreviation for the drainfield that was built. A short underground trench made of stone or gravel collects wastewater from the septic tank in this configuration.
When wastewater passes through the stone, it is further cleaned by bacteria until it reaches the soil under the gravel/stone trench.
Drip Distribution System
An effluent dispersal system such as the drip distribution system may be employed in a variety of drainfield configurations and is very versatile. In comparison to other distribution systems, the drip distribution system does not require a vast mound of dirt because the drip laterals are only placed into the top 6 to 12 inches of soil. In addition to requiring a big dosage tank after the sewage treatment plant to handle scheduled dose delivery of wastewater to drip absorption areas, the drip distribution system has one major disadvantage: it is more expensive.
This method necessitates the use of additional components, such as electrical power, which results in a rise in costs as well as higher maintenance.
Aerobic Treatment Unit
Aerobic Treatment Units (ATUs) are small-scale wastewater treatment facilities that employ many of the same procedures as a municipal sewage plant. An aerobic system adds oxygen to the treatment tank using a pump. When there is an increase in oxygen in the system, there is an increase in natural bacterial activity, which then offers extra treatment for nutrients in the effluent. It is possible that certain aerobic systems may additionally include a pretreatment tank as well as a final treatment tank that will include disinfection in order to further lower pathogen levels.
ATUs should be maintained on a regular basis during their service life.
Using mound systems in regions with short soil depth, high groundwater levels, or shallow bedrock might be a good alternative. A drainfield trench has been dug through the sand mound that was erected. The effluent from the septic tank runs into a pump chamber, where it is pumped to the mound in the amounts recommended. During its release to the trench, the effluent filters through the sand and is dispersed into the native soil, where it continues to be treated. However, while mound systems can be an effective solution for some soil conditions, they demand a significant amount of land and require regular care.
Recirculating Sand Filter System
Using mound systems in regions with short soil depth, high groundwater levels, or shallow bedrock can be a good solution. A drainfield trench has been dug through the sand mound that was built. Wastewater from the septic tank goes into a pump chamber, where it is pushed to the mound in preset quantities by a pump. During its release to the trench, the effluent filters through the sand and is dispersed into the native soil, where it undergoes treatment. While mound systems can be a viable option for some soil conditions, they demand a significant amount of land and require regular maintenance to function properly.
Evaporative cooling systems feature drainfields that are one-of-a-kind. It is necessary to line the drainfield at the base of the evapotranspiration system with a waterproof material. Following the entry of the effluent into the drainfield, it evaporates into the atmosphere. At the same time, the sewage never filters into the soil and never enters groundwater, unlike other septic system designs. It is only in particular climatic circumstances that evapotranspiration systems are effective. The environment must be desert, with plenty of heat and sunshine, and no precipitation.
Constructed Wetland System
Construction of a manufactured wetland is intended to simulate the treatment processes that occur in natural wetland areas. Wastewater goes from the septic tank and into the wetland cell, where it is treated. Afterwards, the wastewater goes into the media, where it is cleaned by microorganisms, plants, and other media that eliminate pathogens and nutrients. Typically, a wetland cell is constructed with an impermeable liner, gravel and sand fill, and the necessary wetland plants, all of which must be capable of withstanding the constant saturation of the surrounding environment.
The operation of a wetland system can be accomplished by either gravity flow or pressure distribution. As wastewater travels through the wetland, it may escape the wetland and flow onto a drainfield, where it will undergo more wastewater treatment before being absorbed into the soil by bacteria.
Cluster / Community System
In certain cases, a decentralized wastewater treatment system is owned by a group of people and is responsible for collecting wastewater from two or more residences or buildings and transporting it to a treatment and dispersal system placed on a suitable location near the dwellings or buildings. Cluster systems are widespread in settings like rural subdivisions, where they may be found in large numbers.
How Your Septic System Works
Underground wastewater treatment facilities, known as septic systems, are often employed in rural regions where there are no centralized sewage lines. They clean wastewater from residential plumbing, such as that produced by bathrooms, kitchen drains, and laundry, by combining natural processes with well-established technology. A conventional septic system is comprised of two components: a septic tank and a drainfield, often known as a soil absorption field. It is the septic tank’s job to decompose organic matter and to remove floatable stuff (such as oils and grease) and solids from wastewater.
Alternate treatment systems rely on pumps or gravity to assist septic tank effluent in trickling through a variety of media such as sand, organic matter (e.g., peat and sawdust), constructed wetlands, or other media to remove or neutralize pollutants such as pathogens that cause disease, nitrogen, phosphorus, and other contaminants.
Specifically, this is how a typical conventional septic system works:
- All of the water that leaves your home drains down a single main drainage pipe and into a septic tank. An underground, water-tight container, often composed of concrete, fiberglass, or polyethylene, serves as a septic system’s holding tank. Its function is to retain wastewater for a long enough period of time to allow particles to sink to the bottom and form sludge, while oil and grease float to the surface and produce scum. Sludge and scum are prevented from exiting the tank and moving into the drainfield region by compartments and a T-shaped outlet. After that, the liquid wastewater (effluent) exits the tank and flows into the drainfield. The drainfield is a shallow, covered hole dug in unsaturated soil that serves as a drainage system. Porous surfaces are used to release pretreated wastewater because they allow the wastewater to pass through the soil and into the groundwater. In the process of percolating through the soil, wastewater is accepted, treated, and dispersed by the soil, finally discharging into groundwater. Finally, if the drainfield becomes overburdened with too much liquid, it can flood, causing sewage to flow to the ground surface or resulting in toilet backups and sink backups. Finally, wastewater percolates into the soil, where it is naturally removed of harmful coliform bacteria, viruses, and nutrients. Coliform bacteria are a kind of bacteria that may be found in the intestines of humans and other warm-blooded animals, with humans being the most common host. As a result of human fecal contamination, it is a sign of this.
A septic tank is where all of the water drains from your home through a single main drainage line. An underground, watertight container, often built of concrete, fiberglass, or polyethylene, serves as a septic system’s holding tank. Its role is to retain wastewater for a long enough period of time to allow particles to settle to the bottom and form sludge, while oil and grease float to the surface and produce scum. It is also known as a settling tank. T-shaped outlets and compartments prevent sludge and scum from exiting the tank and migrating into the drainfield region.
An excavation built in unsaturated soil, the drainfield is shallow and covered.
As wastewater percolates through the soil and eventually discharges into groundwater, the soil takes, processes, and disperses it.
Finally, wastewater percolates into the soil, where it is naturally removed of harmful coliform bacteria, viruses, and nutrients.
When it comes to bacteria, the term “coliform” refers to those that live in the digestive tracts of humans and other warm-blooded animals. As a result of human fecal contamination, it is a sign of contamination.
Do you have a septic system?
It’s possible that you’re already aware that you have a septic system. If you are not sure, here are some tell-tale symptoms that you most likely are:
- You make use of well water. In your home, the water pipe that brings water into the house does not have a meter. In the case of a water bill or a property tax bill, you will see “$0.00 Sewer Amount Charged.” It is possible that your neighbors have a septic system
How to find your septic system
You can locate your septic system once you have confirmed that you have one by following these steps:
- Taking a look at the “as constructed” drawing of your house
- Making a visual inspection of your yard for lids and manhole covers
- Getting in touch with a septic system service provider for assistance in locating it
Failure symptoms: Mind the signs!
Examining the “as constructed” drawing of your house; Checking for lids and manhole covers in your yard. A septic system service company who can assist you in locating it is to be sought.
- Water backing up into the drains of homes and businesses
- It is especially noticeable in dry weather that the drainfield grass is bright green and spongy. The presence of standing water or muddy soil near your septic system or in your basement
- A strong stench emanating from the area surrounding the septic tank and drainfield
A QUICK GUIDE TO SEPTIC TANK TROUBLES
Septic tanks are excellent options for disposing of waste generated by a household. However, in order for your septic system to function properly, it must be maintained on a regular basis. Having your septic system pumped may be all that’s needed if your system has been performing well for a few years but is no longer performing correctly for any reason. Septic tank pumping is part of the normal septic-system maintenance process. Using a septic-pumping service, sludge is removed from your septic tank, allowing waste material to flow and be treated effectively once again.
YOU CAN SEE, HEAR, AND SMELL SEPTIC TROUBLE
When you are standing close to your leach field, which is the vast area where your septic tank is buried, you will be able to tell whether there is a problem with your septic tank. Septic-treated waste from your septic tank trickles onto the leach field, where it is spread into the surrounding soil. If the area around your drain field seems to be significantly greener than the rest of your yard, you may be experiencing septic tank troubles. Whenever the soil in and around the septic tank becomes mushy, pooled, or muddy, stay away from the area and contact your plumber immediately.
The gurgling sound indicates that there is a problem with your drainage system.
Homes with sluggish or non-functioning septic systems will begin to smell like rotten eggs or sewage gas as a result of the scent.
YOU MAY HAVE A PROBLEM SEPTIC TANK
While standing near your leach field, which is the big area where your septic tank is buried, you will be able to notice any problems with your septic tank because of the way it is constructed. Septic tank treated waste trickles into a leach field, where it is spread into the surrounding soil. If the area around your leach field appears to be significantly greener than the rest of your yard, you may be experiencing septic tank issues. Whenever the soil in and around the septic tank becomes mushy, pooled, or muddy, stay away from the area and call your plumber immediately.
If you hear gurgling, it implies that something is amiss with your plumbing system.
Those who live in homes with delayed or non-functioning septic systems will begin to smell the rotten egg or sewer gas. When the tank, inlets, or outlets are broken or blocked, a foul stench may begin to emanate from the region surrounding the underground tank.
YOU NEED PATIENCE WITH SEPTIC FLOODING
If your septic tank has been flooded as a result of storm-related flooding, you must wait for the water to drain before proceeding with any work surrounding your leach field. A soft leach field will not provide enough protection for buried septic equipment. It is possible that pumping a flood-submerged tank will break the pipe connections, resulting in the tank popping out of the earth. Reduce your family’s water use until your septic system is back up and running, and then plug the septic system.
It is against the law to throw waste water into any creek, stream, or other waterway.
In many circumstances, removing roots, blockages, and debris from your septic lines will be sufficient to rehabilitate your septic system after floods.
The Ins and Outs of Septic Systems in Pennsylvania
It is necessary to wait for the water to drain before working around your leach field if your septic tank has been flooded as a result of storm-related flooding. An unprotected soft leach field will not provide adequate protection for the underground septic system. Pumping a flood-submerged tank can cause damage to the pipe connections and perhaps cause the tank to come out of the earth if it is not done carefully. As a precaution, reduce the amount of water used by your household and plug the septic system until it is operational again.
Your plumber will be able to empty the inlets and drains of your septic tank once the storm waters have receded and will be able to provide recommendations for additional action.
- Safeguard your drinking water supply and your health
- Maintain the longevity of your system—and prevent spending thousands of dollars on a new system
- Protect the value of your home
- And contribute to the protection of Pennsylvania’s groundwater, streams, rivers, and lakes.
Because of Pennsylvania’s geology, soils, land development patterns, and outdated septic systems, there is a danger that poor septic systems may contaminate our groundwater and surface waters—our streams, rivers, and lakes—as well as our groundwater and surface waters Surface waters that have been polluted with viruses and bacteria from sewage pose a greater risk of swimmers being ill with eye and ear infections, acute gastroenteritis, hepatitis, and other infectious disorders.
It is possible that groundwater contamination will poison your own and others’ drinking water supplies, resulting in the transmission of illness to humans and animals.
In 2020, the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection stated that septic system failure was responsible for 202 impaired stream miles and 3,192 damaged lake acres in the state.
Septic system maintenance should be performed in accordance with industry standards to preserve your health, your money, and Pennsylvania’s waterways.
Who Has Oversight of Your Septic System?
In Pennsylvania, local governments (for example, boroughs and townships) are responsible for ensuring that private septic systems with a capacity of 10,000 gallons or less comply with Department of Environmental Protection (DEP) regulations. In the event that you have any queries regarding an existing septic system on your land, or about the construction of a new system on your property, you should contact your local government office first. Many towns have a Sewage Enforcement Officer who ensures that all septic systems are correctly sited, permitted, and inspected throughout their installation to verify that they follow all regulations.
Soil Is Your Best Friend: How Your Septic System Operates
Not only does your household transmit human waste into your septic system, but it also sends all other liquid wastes into it, including bath water, kitchen and bathroom sink water, laundry water, and water softener backwash. Consequently, here’s what occurs underground when you flush the toilet, wash your clothes, use the sink or bath: The heavier solid stuff descends to the bottom of the septic tank, where microorganisms feed on the waste and break it down as a result of their activity. Fatty oils and greases that are lighter in weight float to the top of the tank, where they congeal to create a scum that may ultimately break down or be skimmed off during system maintenance.
- Disease-causing bacteria and viruses are present in the wastewater as it exits the tank, in addition to other impurities.
- Sewage travels through a pipe to a drainfield, which is a bed of gravel or other material used to collect the waste.
- Therefore, soil is the most significant component of a septic system because of its filtering abilities and the bacteria that it contains!
- Several factors influence the sort of septic system that may be installed, including the soil depth to bedrock or groundwater, how fast or slowly water travels through soil, and soil type and texture, to mention a few.
Keep Things Moving Underground
It is believed that the typical lifespan of a septic system is between 15 and 40 years, although it may live much longer if it is properly maintained. Maintaining your septic system is similar to changing the oil in your automobile. It is a low-cost investment compared to the high cost of constructing a new system, which may cost up to $15,000 and more. Don’t overburden the commode with your thoughts when you’re at the sink.
Take into consideration what you flush down the toilet and down the sink. Reduce the amount of time you use your garbage disposal. It is best to avoid utilizing common household objects that might clog your system or kill the bacteria underground that are necessary for wastewater treatment.
- D diapers, baby wipes (including those labeled as “flushable”), cat litter, cigarettes, coffee grounds, fats and grease, solids (including feminine hygiene items), and prophylactic devices are all examples of “system cloggers.” “TreatmentKillers” include household chemicals, gasoline, oil, pesticides, antifreeze, paint, and excessive concentrations of anti-bacterial soaps and detergents, among other things.
Don’t put too much pressure on your drain. The less water that you use, the less work your septic system needs to do to keep up with you. Use water-based appliances in small batches, install high-efficiency plumbing fittings, and address any leaks that may exist in your house. Protect your playing field. Keep anything that weighs more than your lawnmower away from your drainage field. Rain and surface water should be diverted away from it. Root clogging in the drainfield might cause the system to fail, therefore avoid planting trees or shrubs in close proximity to the drainfield.
- It should be safeguarded and regularly inspected.
- According to Pennsylvania laws, this should be done whenever the tank is more than one-third full of solids or scum.
- Inspections and pumps may be required under the terms of your local sewage management program, which may be more strict.
- It is important to be aware of the following warning signals of a failing septic system:
- Backing up or bubbling of wastewater into residential drains
- There is an unpleasant smell, or there is some black sludge surrounding the septic tank or drainfield. In the vicinity of your drainfield, you may notice bright green vegetation or spongy conditions.
If your sewage system is not operating properly, contact your local Sewage Enforcement Officer right away. It is important to respond quickly since the less pollution that occurs, as well as the lower the expense of repair work, the better. Your septic system will serve your house and contribute to the protection of Pennsylvania’s waterways for many years to come if it is operated and maintained properly. Do your part and learn about septic systems!
A Beginner’s Guide to Septic Systems
- Septic systems are used to dispose of waste from homes and buildings. Identifying the location of the septic tank and drainfield
- What a Septic System Is and How It Works Keeping a Septic System in Good Condition
- Signs that a septic system is failing include:
Septic systems, also known as on-site wastewater management systems, are installed in a large number of buildings and houses. It is easy to lose sight of septic systems, which operate quietly, gracefully, and efficiently to protect human and environmental health due to their burying location. Septic systems are the norm in rural regions, but they may also be found in a lot of metropolitan places, especially in older buildings. It is critical to understand whether or not your building is on a septic system.
Is Your Home or Building on a Septic System?
Septic systems, which are often used to handle wastewater on-site, are found in many buildings and residences. It is easy to lose sight of septic systems, which operate quietly, gracefully, and efficiently to preserve human and environmental health due to their burying position. Despite the fact that septic systems are more widespread in rural regions, they may also be found in metropolitan settings. The location of your building on a septic system is critical information to have.
- Sewer service will be provided at a cost by the city or municipality. Pay close attention to the water bill to see whether there is a cost labeled “sewer” or “sewer charge” on it. If there is a fee for this service, it is most likely because the facility is connected to a sewage system. Look up and down the street for sewage access ports or manholes, which can be found in any location. If a sewage system runs in front of a property, it is probable that the house is connected to it in some way. Inquire with your neighbors to see if they are connected to a sewer or septic system. The likelihood that your home is on a sewer system is increased if the properties on each side of you are on one as well. Keep in mind, however, that even if a sewage line runs in front of the structure and the nearby residences are connected to a sewer system, your home or building may not be connected to one. If the structure is older than the sewer system, it is possible that it is still on the original septic system. Consult with your local health agency for further information. This agency conducts final inspections of septic systems to ensure that they comply with applicable laws and regulations. There is a possibility that they have an archived record and/or a map of the system and will supply this information upon request
Sewer service will be provided by the city or municipality at a cost. Pay close attention to the water bill to see whether there is a cost labeled “sewer” or “sewer charge” on the statement. If there is a fee for this service, it is most likely because the building is connected to a sewage network. Keep an eye out for sewage access ports or manholes all the way up and down the road. An connected home is more likely to be found near a sewer system that passes in front of the property. Inquire with your neighbors to see if they are connected to a sewer or septic tank.
But bear in mind that even if there’s a sewer line right in front of the structure and the nearby residences are connected to a sewer system, your home or building could not be connected.
Consult with the health department in your area.
Final inspections are performed by this organization to ensure that septic systems comply with applicable rules and regulations. They may have a record of the system and/or a map of the system and will supply this information upon request; and
Locating the Septic Tank and Drainfield
Finding a septic system may be a difficult process. They can be buried anywhere in the yard, including the front, back, and side yards. After a few years, the soil may begin to resemble the surrounding soil, making it impossible to distinguish the system from the surrounding soil. It is possible that in dry weather, the grass will be dryer in the shallow soil over the tank and greener over the drainfield, where the cleansed water will be released, but this is not always the case, especially in hot weather.
- The contractor who built the house should have presented the initial owner with a map showing the tank and drainfield locations, according to the building code.
- The installation of the system, as well as any modifications made to it, would have been examined by your local health authority.
- Unfortunately, if the system is very old, any records related with it may be insufficient or nonexistent, depending on the situation.
- Look for the point at where the wastewater pipes join together if the building is on a crawlspace or has an unfinished basement.
- The sewer line that runs through the structure is referred to as the building sewer.
- To “feel” for the tank, use a piece of re-bar or a similar metal probe.
- If you use this free service, you may avoid accidentally putting a rod through your gas or water line.
Try to locate the tank after a rainstorm, when the metal probe will be more easily maneuvered through moist dirt.
This should be done with care; extreme caution should be exercised to avoid puncturing the building sewer.
A tank is normally 5 by 8 feet in size, however the dimensions might vary.
Be aware that there may be rocks, pipes, and other debris in the area that “feels” like the tank but is not in fact part of the tank.
However, it is possible to have the lid or access port positioned on a riser in addition to being on the same level as the top of the tank in some cases.
Once the tank has been identified, make a rough drawing of its placement in relation to the house so that it will not be misplaced again!
It may be easier to discover the drainage lines now that the tank has been identified, particularly if the area has been subjected to prolonged periods of drought.
How a Septic System Works
Typical sewage treatment system (figure 1). It is composed of three components (Figure 1): the tank, the drain lines or discharge lines, and the soil treatment area (also known as the soil treatment area) (sometimes called a drainfield or leach field). The size of the tank varies according to the size of the structure. The normal home (three bedrooms, two bathrooms) will often include a 1,000-gallon water storage tank on the premises. Older tanks may only have one chamber, however newer tanks must have two chambers.
- The tank functions by settling waste and allowing it to be digested by microbes.
- These layers include the bottom sludge layer, the top scum layer, and a “clear” zone in the center.
- A typical septic tank is seen in Figure 2.
- It is fortunate that many of the bacteria involved are found in high concentrations in the human gastrointestinal tract.
- Although the bacteria may break down some of the stuff in the sludge, they are unable to break down all of it, which is why septic tanks must be cleaned out every three to seven years.
- In addition, when new water is introduced into the septic tank, an equal volume of water is pushed out the discharge lines and onto the drainfield.
- The water trickles out of the perforated drain pipes, down through a layer of gravel, and into the soil below the surface (Figure 3).
- A typical drainfield may be found here.
- Plants, bacteria, fungus, protozoa, and other microorganisms, as well as bigger critters such as mites, earthworms, and insects, flourish in soil.
- Mineralogical and metallic elements attach to soil particles, allowing them to be removed from the waste water.
Maintaining a Septic System
The most typical reason for a septic system to fail is a lack of proper maintenance. Septic systems that are failing are expensive to repair or replace, and the expense of repairs rests on the shoulders of the property owner (Figure 4). Fortunately, keeping your septic system in good working order and avoiding costly repairs is rather simple. Figure 4. Septic system failure is frequently caused by a lack of proper maintenance. It is in your best interests to be aware of the location of the system, how it operates, and how to maintain it.
- You should pump the tank if you aren’t sure when the last time it was pumped.
- It is not permissible to drive or park over the tank or drainage field.
- No rubbish should be disposed of in the sink or the toilet.
- It’s important to remember that garbage disposals enhance the requirement for regular pumping.
- When designing a landscape, keep the septic system in mind.
- It is also not recommended to consume veggies that have been cultivated above drainfield lines (see Dorn, S.
- Ornamental Plantings on Septic Drainfields.
Any water that enters your home through a drain or toilet eventually ends up in your septic system.
Don’t put too much strain on the system by consuming a large amount of water in a short period of time.
Additives should not be used.
Various types of additives are available for purchase as treatment options, cleansers, restorers, rejuvenator and boosters, among other things.
To break up oil and grease and unclog drains, chemical additives are available for purchase.
Pumping out the septic tank is not eliminated or reduced by using one of these systems.
They remain floating in the water and travel into the drainfield, where they may block the pipes. Acids have the potential to damage concrete storage tanks and distribution boxes.
Signs a Septic System is Failing
A failed system manifests itself in the following ways:
- Sinks and toilets drain at a snail’s pace
- Plumbing that is backed up
- The sound of gurgling emanating from the plumbing system House or yard aromas that smell like sewage
- In the yard, there is wet or squishy dirt
- Water that is gray in hue that has accumulated
- An region of the yard where the grass is growing more quickly and is becoming greener
- Water contaminated by bacteria from a well
If you notice any of these indicators, you should notify your local health department immediately. An environmentalist from the health department can assist in identifying possible hazards. There are also listings of state-certified contractors available from the local health department, who may do repairs. Repairs or alterations to the system must be approved by the health department and examined by an inspector. Keep an eye out for any meetings that may take place between a health department inspector and a contractor to discuss repairs to your system.
- Household garbage that has not been properly handled is released into the environment when systems fail.
- It has the potential to pollute surrounding wells, groundwater, streams, and other sources of potable water, among other things.
- The foul odor emanating from a malfunctioning system can cause property values to plummet.
- Briefly stated, broken systems can have an impact on your family, neighbors, community, and the environment.
- Septic systems are an effective, attractive, and reasonably priced method of treating and disposing of wastewater.
Figures 2 and 3 reprinted with permission from: CIDWT. 2009. Installation of Wastewater Treatment Systems. Consortium of Institutes for Decentralized Wastewater Treatment. Iowa State University, Midwest Plan Service. Ames, IA.
Status and revision history Published on August 15, 2013 Published with full review on March 28, 2017 Status and revision history