- Lines are clear, and the septic tank has been pumped but there is still a backup into the building. This is usually a drain field issue. The effluent sludge in the tank rises and leaves the tank and flows into the drain field, plugging the field and causes the flow from the tank to back up.
Why is my drain field backing up?
Most leaching fields fail due to biological or hydraulic overload. Hydraulic overload occurs when too much water is sent to the septic tank. For this reason, it is recommended that tasks such as laundry be spread out during the week instead of doing too much at once. This prevents hydraulic overload of the system.
Why does my septic tank keep backing up?
Drains can become blocked with sludge, roots and dirt from broken pipes. In addition, if the ground is saturated because of high water table or heavy rainfall, then the septic tank will not drain and it will back up into the house.
How do you fix a leach field backed up?
While a clogged drain field cannot be snaked out and cleared like a drain pipe, you can take steps to alleviate the problem.
- Shock the System With Bacteria.
- Reduce Water Usage.
- Avoid Harsh Chemicals.
- Change to Gentler Toilet Paper and Soap.
- Contact a Septic Professional.
How do I stop my septic tank from backing up?
To keep your septic tank free of backups, be mindful of these following steps.
- Never put garbage down your septic system.
- Always make sure that your septic tank is biologically active.
- Do not plant trees or plants near your septic tank.
- Keep the ground above the pipes and sewer lines clear.
Can heavy rain cause septic backup?
It is common to have a septic back up after or even during a heavy rain. Significant rainfall can quickly flood the ground around the soil absorption area (drainfield) leaving it saturated, making it impossible for water to flow out of your septic system.
How do I know if my drain field is failing?
The following are a few common signs of leach field failure:
- Grass over leach field is greener than the rest of the yard.
- The surrounding area is wet, mushy, or even has standing water.
- Sewage odors around drains, tank, or leach field.
- Slow running drains or backed up plumbing.
How do I know if my septic line is clogged?
Signs of Septic System Clogging: Water and sewage from toilets, drains and sinks backing up into your home. Bathtubs, showers, and sinks draining slowly. Gurgling sounds present in the plumbing system. Bad odors coming from the septic tank or drain field.
What are the signs that your septic tank is full?
Here are some of the most common warning signs that you have a full septic tank:
- Your Drains Are Taking Forever.
- Standing Water Over Your Septic Tank.
- Bad Smells Coming From Your Yard.
- You Hear Gurgling Water.
- You Have A Sewage Backup.
- How often should you empty your septic tank?
Will a flooded septic tank fix itself?
Most septic tanks are not damaged by flooding since they are below ground and completely covered. However, septic tanks and pump chambers can fill with silt and debris, and must be professionally cleaned. If the soil absorption field is clogged with silt, a new system may have to be installed.
What Causes a Septic Tank to Back Up With Your Home System?
Consider the following subject, which may cause chills to run up and down your spine.and for good reason! The most common reason for this is a clogged septic tank. That one seemingly simple, innocent query has elicited as many and different responses as the people who use the facilities that drain into septic tanks. Let’s have a look at a couple of them in one go.
Consider the following subject, which may cause chills to run up and down your spine.for good reason! The most common reason for this is a clogged septic system. That one seemingly simple, innocent query has elicited as many and different responses as the people who use the facilities that discharge into septic tanks. Here are some examples of them that we may look at as a group.
More serious now:
When dealing with a septic backup, one of the first things to assess is if the backup is caused by the Septic Tank itself, or whether it is caused by a blockage in the plumbing lines. Customers who are experiencing a backup may contact in to have their septic tank pumped, only to find that once our personnel pump the septic tank, the backup has returned to its previous state. As opposed to a genuine backup in the sewer system, blocked plumbing lines are more frequently the culprit. The following are some of the most typical reasons for clogged plumbing/drainage lines leading to the septic tank:
This is one of the most typical problems that drainage lines encounter all across the world. We all adore those beautiful lawns that are shaded by a large, imposing old oak or maple tree, don’t we? They’re just stunning. While it is true that the upper half of the tree, which is easily seen and appreciated, is lovely, these trees have a dark counterpart underground.a vicious root system that is constantly on the lookout for.water! Tree roots have an extraordinary capacity to detect the presence of water from tremendous distances, and they will go to great lengths to penetrate anything that comes between them and the precious water that they so desperately require to survive.
- Once you’re inside, two things start to happen at the same time.
- These roots continue to develop and proliferate within the pipe, soaking up the nutrient-rich water and returning it to the tree.
- Despite its small size, it possesses incredible strength.
- The use of a high-powered water-jetting equipment and/or a mechanical augering cutter tool can be used to address minor root infestations in the home.
- Major infestations will need the excavation and removal of the infested pipe, followed by the installation of a new pipe to remedy the damage.
When doing these repairs, special attention must be paid to the connecting points because even the smallest break will result in a recurrence of the original problem over time.
Other common system damage causes include:
Never, ever do something like this. Grease should be poured down the sink. Period. This is one of the most reliable methods of causing a backup in your plumbing lines and septic tank. When grease comes into touch with water, it will coagulate and solidify. Once within your pipe, it will solidify into a stiff material that can eventually block your pipes completely, causing overflowing toilets, sinks, and showers to occur. Have I said everything I wanted to say? Here are a couple of more things you might not have considered.
- They have a bad propensity of producing backlogs in the system.
- Baby wipes should not be flushed.
- There will be no condoms.
- They will eliminate the live bacteria that is necessary for your septic tank to function correctly.
- And yes, we have witnessed each and every one of these frightening scenarios.as well as many others.
Improper plumbing installations
When installing plumbing, an inexperienced plumber or a do-it-yourselfer may make the mistake of installing piping with inadequate fall, also known as drop. When the water in a flush runs too slowly, the solids settle to the bottom of the pipe, where they may be seen seeping away as the water seeps away. By the time the next flush rolls along, the solids have dried up and become adhered to the bottom of the pipe, generating a buildup that eventually results in a blockage and a backlog of water.
Another cause of backups:
These are intended to keep your leach field from being overloaded, hence avoiding the need for costly septic system repairs. Their purpose is to keep all particles contained within the septic tank and to enable only water to drain to the leach field or drain field. To ensure that these filters continue to perform properly, they must be cleaned and maintained on a regular basis. Failure to clean and maintain your effluent filter will eventually result in.you guessed it.a clogged effluent filter.
One final common cause for Septic damage:
Extremely heavy rains or extended periods of wet or rainy weather, particularly in areas where groundwater and surface water are not adequately redirected and drained away from your septic tank and leach field, can cause flooding in your septic system. The long-term solution to this problem is to have adequate drainage work completed to guarantee that your septic system is kept protected from rainwater run-off. Give us a call at Shankster Bros. to find answers to all of these issues and many others!
How to unclog your leach field
A SHOCK TREATMENT CAN SAVE YOU UP TO $150. The leach field, also known as a drain field, is the area where effluent from the septic tank is disposed of. In this stage of the septic system, a network of perforated PVC drain pipes, crushed stone, and a layer of unsaturated soil are combined to form a septic system. Gravity is typically responsible for the movement of wastewater from the septic tank to the leaching bed. Nevertheless, when the conditions do not permit the use of gravity to transport the wastewater to the leaching bed, a pumping station can be utilized to transport the wastewater to the leaching bed.
Final filtering is carried out by the presence of bacteria and other microorganisms that further purify the wastewater before it reaches the groundwater table.
This natural cleansing technique helps to keep groundwater from being contaminated. It does, however, become clogged from time to time. In this essay, you will learn how to clear your leach field.
How is a leach field made?
It is critical that the leaching bed functions well in the wastewater treatment system, and if it does not, the entire system will be adversely affected. It is also critical to prevent structural problems from occurring in the first place by ensuring that the building is designed correctly. As a result, only fully licensed contractors are permitted to do such a project. But, first and foremost, you will need to conduct a percolation test as well as a comprehensive review by an engineering professional.
A quick percolation rate is seen in sandy soils; whereas, a sluggish percolation rate is found in clay soils.
In order for a soil to be considered excellent, its percolation rate should not be too high or too low.
If, on the other hand, it takes more than an hour for the water to settle, this indicates that the effluent is not infiltrating quickly enough, which might result in backflow difficulties.
Steps followed when building a leach field
- The moment has come to start digging the trenches after all of the testing have been performed and the building plan has been finalized and approved by the project team. The number of trenches that will need to be built depends on the size of the septic tank and the volume of wastewater that will be released into the leaching field throughout the construction process. Each trench should have the same breadth as the others (approximately 3-4 feet). In addition, the ditches should have a modest downhill slope to them. Following the excavation of the trenches, they should be filled with crushed stone. The crushed stone bed should be at least one to one and a half inches thick and evenly distributed throughout the ditches. This procedure is critical because it enables for more effective drainage of the effluent under the perforated pipes
- Nevertheless, it is not required. The perforated pipes are then laid on top of a bed of crushed stone to allow for proper drainage. Crushed stone is then placed on top of the perforated pipes to ensure that they are securely attached — enough to prevent them from moving or getting misaligned over time. A layer of crushed stone between 1 and 3 inches thick should enough.
- Following that, a geotextile membrane is laid over the crushed stones. When the membrane is in place, soil or dirt cannot slip between the crushed stones and cause a blockage in the leaching bed. If you haven’t already, install a drain line from the septic tank to the leach field pipes. Finally, the trenches are filled with dirt to make them more level and to make the surface of the leach field more consistent in appearance. After that, you may cover the area with a covering of grass. And, at all costs, avoid planting anything else in or near this part of the yard.
How long does a septic leach field last?
Weeping beds should last at least 25 years if they are well-maintained, but they may live much longer or shorter depending on a variety of conditions. The majority of leaching fields collapse as a result of biological or hydraulic overstress. Hydraulic overload occurs when an excessive amount of water is discharged into the septic tank. Consequently, it is advised that duties such as washing be spread out throughout the course of the week rather than being completed in a single weekend session.
When an excessive amount of organic material enters the leaching field, this is referred to as biological overloading.
The only solid waste that should be disposed of in your septic system is toilet paper and human waste (feces).
Because of the high activity of the bacterial flora in your system, Bio-Sol’sSepti +can help to avoid biological overload in your system.
What is clogging your leach field?
The leaching bed, like the septic tank, is not meant to survive indefinitely. All leaching fields will need to be replaced at some point in the future. However, with careful care and maintenance, your leaching bed should last for many years, if not for a lifetime. The leaching bed utilizes aerobic bacteria on the receiving soil to filter wastewater before it reaches the groundwater table, preventing groundwater contamination. These bacteria decompose organic materials and aid in the elimination of viruses as well as the reduction of nutrients in wastewater.
Clogging in the leaching bed, on the other hand, causes this process to be slowed down, resulting in unavoidable environmental contamination. So, before we look at how to clear your leach field, let’s have a look at what’s causing the problem.
The leaching bed, like the septic tank, has a limited lifespan. In the long run, all leaching fields will have to be completely reconstructed. The good news is that with appropriate care and maintenance, your leaching bed should last for decades. To cleanse wastewater before it reaches the groundwater, the leaching bed employs aerobic bacteria on the receiving soil to do so. Furthermore, these bacteria aid in the breakdown of organic debris while also assisting in the elimination of viruses and the reduction of nutrients in the wastewater.
Nevertheless, blockage in the leaching bed makes this process difficult, resulting in unavoidable environmental contamination.
How do you know if your leach field is failing?
It goes without saying that the most visible indicator of a failing leaching bed is when wastewater overflows and reaches the surface. The effluent will rise to the top of the soil or, in certain situations, will pour out the end of the trenches if the receiving soil in the leaching bed is unable to absorb any more water from the receiving soil. The most common reason for the effluent to stop flowing is due to an excessive amount of biomatis being created. Check out the following indicators to determine if you need to unclog your leach field:.
Sluggish drains and toilets
Prior to the drain field failing altogether, you may notice that water is draining through the home at a slower rate. The drains will continue to function as long as there is enough space for the water to flow. On the other hand, it is possible that the water is draining more slowly. If you neglect this problem, which is caused by the leach field, the situation will deteriorate over time and become more serious. It is possible that the septic tank will become overflowing and that the water will be unable to penetrate into the earth at all.
Septic tank scents might be detected in the vicinity of the leaching area or within the house itself. Another sign that the leaching field is failing is the presence of rust. Due to the fact that it is so uncomfortable, this is perhaps one of the easiest indicators to recognize. To determine if you are experiencing the rotten egg smell, first check to see if there has been a buildup of organic material in the plumbing system. You may either use an ecologically friendly drain cleaner (such as SeptiDrain) or check your septic tank for abnormally high water levels to resolve the problem.
Sewage backing up in the house
In the vicinity of the leaching area as well as within the home, septic tank scents might be detected. Yet another sign that the leaching field is failing to do its function. Due to the fact that it is so uncomfortable, this is arguably one of the simplest indications to spot. To determine whether or not you are experiencing a rotten egg smell, check to see whether there is a buildup of organic debris in your plumbing system.
It is possible to use a septic tank drain cleaner that is ecologically friendly (SeptiDrain) or to check for abnormally high water levels in the tank. The accumulation of indicators leads to the conclusion that the leach field is most likely to blame for the problem.
Greener and taller grass around the drainfield
A sign that your leach field is not operating correctly is the presence of higher, greener grass in the area where it’s supposed to be placed. When wastewater is unable to penetrate the soil, pressure can force it to rise to the surface, causing it to become visible. Because of the nutrients in the wastewater, the grass might grow more quickly and seem greener as a result of this.
Puddles of water in the yard
Puddles on the field may indicate that a hydraulic overload has forced water to come to the surface. If this is the case, contact the field superintendent immediately. When a leach field becomes blocked, the pressure builds up, forcing the water to rise. Large amounts of wastewater can practically pool on the ground when released into the environment. If the water smells like rotten eggs, avoid touching it and keep your children away from the area until the scent has been eliminated. There have been instances where perforated pipes in the leach field have either disconnected or broken.
Otherwise, a blockage is more likely to be the source of the problem.
Soil sinking or collapsing over the leachfield
The presence of excessively damp soil where the leaching bed is placed may also be an indicator that the leaching bed is no longer performing effectively, according to the manufacturer.
How to unclog your leach field?
When you find an issue with your leaching bed, you should make an attempt to fix it as quickly as possible. If this is not done, the condition may worsen and result in wastewater overflows. Those spills are potentially hazardous to both you and the environment. Also prohibited is the pollution of the environment, and local authorities may order you to replace your septic system if you fail to comply with the law. In addition to promoting the growth of biomat, as previously described, the discharge of organic particles into the leaching bed generates an imbalance in the natural water filtration system.
- As a consequence, a waterproof biomaterial sludge is formed, and this sludge significantly reduces the rate of infiltration of wastewater into the receiving soil, which is abnormal.
- Because of this, it is necessary to minimize the accumulation of organic matter in leaching fields and to reduce the thickness of the sludge layer that clogs the leaching fields.
- However, the one offered by Bio-Sol is without a doubt the quickest, easiest, safest, and most ECONOMIC method available!
- These shock treatments are 100 percent environmentally friendly (and hence safe), and they are simple to do on your own.
- It is typically necessary to introduce a high concentration of these bacteria and enzymes into the leaching bed in order to break down the organic waste that has collected in the leaching bed and unclog the leach field.
- The result is that your septic system is back in operating order!
The majority of the time, this occurs when a large truck passes by. Is this anything that has happened recently? If this is the case, you should use a camera to evaluate the area to ensure that there is no structural damage. If this is not the case, the septic system will need to be updated.
How much does a new leach field cost?
Choosing to repair your leaching bed will almost certainly necessitate the replacement of your complete septic system as well. You will require a fresh percolation test as well as an appraisal by an engineer with appropriate qualifications. When using a standard septic system, you may expect to pay between $5,000 and $12,500 for the installation and maintenance. However, if you require the installation of a more sophisticated system, the cost of the replacement will be significantly higher (between $15,000 and $30,000).
As a result, we highly recommend you to attempt to resolve the problem first by selecting one of the alternative options that have been provided.
PROMOTION TO ASSIST YOU IN UNCLOGGING YOUR LEACH FIELD: By visiting our monthly specials page, you can receive a discount on a shock treatment.
A blocked leach field will jeopardize the integrity of the entire system. It can result in sewage backups in the house, septic smells, sewage leaking on the yard, and groundwater contamination, among other problems. Unclogging your leachfield with shock treatment can help you to avoid these and other problems associated with leachfield failure in the future. It is the injection of billions of bacteria and enzymes into the sewage system through the use of biological additives that is known as shock treatment.
This septic-safe solution from Bio-Sol is manufactured from bacteria and enzymes, and it will clear your leach field without harming the bacteria or enzymes in your system.
What happens to your septic system during heavy rain?
In the case of a typical septic system, excessive rainfall that occurs in conjunction with flooding might cause the system to malfunction. As precipitation washes over your drain field, the effluent from your septic tank will have nowhere to drain since the earth underneath the drain field has already become saturated with water from the downpour. Septic waste will begin to back up inside the home and overflow onto the yard as a result of this situation. According to traditional systems, waste is held for two to three days in the septic tank while the anaerobic bacteria treat it.
The pathogens in the water are eliminated by aerobic bacteria as it travels through the gravel in the leach field before the water is recycled back into the groundwater system.
Unless the leach field is completely flooded, the partially treated water from the septic tank does not proceed through the ultimate treatment process in the drain field, which is necessary. This will cause the wastewater to build up in the tank and overflow into the leachfield as a consequence.
Signs of a flooded drain field
The greatest thing you can do if you are having severe rains in your region is to keep an eye out for any telltale indications of a flooded drain field. Here are a few examples of warning signs:
- Drains that are sluggish in the house
- When flushing the toilet, the water drains slowly
- Gurgling noises coming from the toilet and drains
- Backing up of water into the floor drains and the basement is an issue.
Septic systems are intended to manage solely the wastewater generated by the home. In reality, the size of the septic tank that is put on a property is determined by the number of people that live there (number of bedrooms). If storm runoff water gets into the septic tank, it will overflow, and because the soil in the leachfield will already be excessively saturated, the water will begin to back up into the home or from the manhole, causing it to fail.
Maintaining the septic system BEFORE the heavy rains
If your septic system is properly maintained, it should be able to tolerate strong rains without failing. In order to prevent this from happening, you should always pump your septic tank on time and check to see that it is operating smoothly throughout the year. Due to the fact that anaerobic bacteria are required to liquefy the waste in your septic tank, it is in your best interest to guarantee that the bacteria in the tank are in the best possible condition. First and foremost, you must refrain from using any poisonous agents that might kill the beneficial bacteria, such as scented soaps, antibacterial soaps, paint, and so on.
It is the enzymes and bacteria that are introduced into the septic tank by the additives that aid in the restoration of its efficiency.
What to do if the weather forecast warns of a looming storm
If the weather prediction has indicated that a flood is imminent, take the following preventative procedures to assist protect your system in advance of the flood:
- Remove anything that might be an entrance point into the septic system
- To guarantee that additional rainwater does not find its way into the tank, all inspection points should be sealed. Turn off the pump at the circuit box before the area becomes completely submerged in water. If your mound system has a pump at the lift station, turn off the electricity to it if it is connected to the grid. If you want to safeguard the pump from harm, you may even take it out of the system completely. To prevent electrical wire from becoming damaged or from being shocked, it is necessary to waterproof any electrical connection in the system.
Maintaining the septic system DURING the heavy rains
Once the heavy rains begin, it is recommended that you refrain from using water for anything that is not absolutely necessary. The goal is to keep the system from becoming even more overburdened than it already is. For example, flush the toilet only when it is absolutely required and decrease the number of showers or the length of each shower. Using the toilet and faucets should be avoided entirely if your drain field becomes clogged with water. A flooded drain field indicates that the system is already clogged, and you don’t want to make an already poor problem even worse by adding to it.
Maintaining the septic system AFTER the heavy rains
Do not attempt to get the septic tank drained until the floodwaters have subsided completely. While flood waters are rising, pumping the tank in the middle of a flood might force it to float out of the ground, causing significant damage to the entire system. One thing to keep in mind is that the problem is not with the septic tank itself, but rather with moist soil in the drain field.
The most effective course of action is to discontinue usage of the system until the floodwaters recede and the earth around the drain field region has dried up. Here are some suggestions to assist you in reducing the amount of water that enters your septic tank.
- Do not discharge the water from the basement sump pump into the septic tank. Rainwater from your roof gutters should be diverted away from the drain field to avoid flooding. Discontinue the use of the garbage disposal and dishwasher. Showers should be taken less often and for shorter periods of time
- Sponge baths should be used whenever feasible. While brushing your teeth, do not turn on the water. Alternatively, you might use a laundry service.
Sometimes the backlog is a more serious problem than the stormwater itself; it might be caused by a clogged drainfield, for example. In the event that organic waste is allowed to exit the septic tank prematurely, it may clog the drainfield, resulting in sewage backups. A pumping operation will not solve the problem in this situation since the tank will quickly fill up again after the pumping operation is completed. To eliminate the blockage, the most effective technique would be to use a shock therapy.
Each of these biological additions introduces millions of bacteria into the septic system, liquefying the organic waste and unclogging the system as a result of their presence.
Safety precautions after a heavy downpour
If the floodwaters were very severe, you could be forced to temporarily vacate your residence. Unless it is absolutely essential to evacuate, do not return to your home until you have checked with the appropriate authorities to confirm that all advisories have been rescinded. Other vital safety precautions to be aware of are as follows:
- When the dirt around the drain field is still moist, it is not recommended to dig around it. Heavy machinery should not be used over the drainfield as well since it might produce soil compaction, which will make it difficult for aerobic bacteria in the drainfield to obtain adequate oxygen. It is possible that the scum layer in the septic tank rose to the surface and blocked the exit. As a result, you should inspect the outlet tee once the flooding has stopped to ensure that it is not obstructed. Before handling any of the electrical equipment that are part of the system, make sure they are fully dry. Upflow filters, media filters, aerobic plants, and other components of sophisticated systems that are susceptible to clogging by mud and debris from floods might get clogged. As a result, you should properly clean these systems before bringing them back into service.
Providing you take excellent care of the system before the water hits, it should be able to withstand the storm without difficulty. That being said, there are some storms that are simply too severe for any system to manage, especially if you continue to use water in the manner in which you are used. If this is the case, you may want to consult with an expert who can evaluate the system and assist you in correcting any damage that may have occurred. Otherwise, simply adhere to the recommendations provided above and you will be OK.
Septic Tank Backup: Warning Signs & How To Fix It
It is no one’s desire to rip up their grass in order to pay for a pricey septic tank repair. Having a thorough understanding of your tank and a sharp eye for difficulties implies that you can foresee problems and the entirety of your system’s renovation.
How Does A Septic Tank Work?
A basic septic tank is composed of two components: Watertight subterranean tank for storing sludge and wastes 2) and a drain field, which treats and filters water as it returns to the soil after being drained. When everything is running correctly, this mechanism keeps potentially hazardous material in situ and only allows treated water to escape. All that is required is that the waste be pumped out every few years, and the system will continue to operate properly. However, if you’re reading this, you’re probably aware that this isn’t always the case.
Why Do Septic Tanks Backup?
A backed-up septic tank is a major headache that can occur for a variety of reasons. Some events are under your control, while others may occur at any time. Septic tank backlog can be caused by a variety of factors, some of which are listed below: Flooding: When heavy rains soak the earth around a septic tank, the tank may have a difficult time emptying correctly, leading to flooding. The trash and the clean water will mix together and run out simultaneously if there is no dry soil to absorb the pure water.
- Tanks are available in a variety of sizes.
- Unsatisfactory Installation: Unless you built your home from the ground up, you may not be aware of who constructed your septic system or how old it is.
- Before purchasing a new house, make sure to get the septic tank inspected.
- Only rubbish and toilet paper should ever be flushed.
- If you’re not sure whether anything is flushable, look to see if the box says “septic safe.” If it doesn’t, toss it in the garbage!
- Growing tree roots may even cause obstructions in pipes as they creep into cracks and crevices.
Pressure on the Tank: If cars are passing over your septic tank, the pressure created might cause pipes to rupture. Make sure your tank is well marked and that any prospective traffic is kept away from it.
Warning Signs of a Backed Up Septic System (And What to do About It!)
It might be difficult to determine the signs of a backed-up septic tank at first glance. At first sight, you could dismiss any of these warning indicators as being inconsequential. However, it is critical to take all of these warnings seriously and to conduct an investigation into the matter. Identify whether any of these warning indicators are present in your house.
- Was it a while ago that you had your septic tank drained and cleaned? In the absence of a regular cleaning routine, you may notice sewage backups in your toilet as well as slow draining sinks and bathtubs in your bathroom. This is an indication of blockages. Without frequent pumping, a septic tank fills up with solid waste and enables contaminated water to pass through
- However, the unclean, polluted water has nowhere to go and must be pumped out regularly.
- Your driveway or sidewalk may be gradually rising due to tree roots if you see bumps in the road or uneven surfaces. There are a few different approaches you may use to deal with roots in your septic system. It is the most lasting method if you are ready to part with the tree, removing it totally, removing and replacing it with new pipes. Newer, stronger plastic pipes are designed to withstand tree roots and are an excellent alternative to metal pipes. Alternatively, you may pour a root-killing solution down the drain to prevent future development.
- In one spot of your yard, do you have a clump of vivid green grass growing? If it hasn’t rained in a while, have you seen pools of water in unexpected places? Your septic system’s leaky pipes are clearly visible in these conditions.
- It is a strong indication that you have a septic tank backlog if your home begins to smell like a sewer. If sewage cannot adequately drain down into the tank, the only option is for it to flow back up the pipes.
If you have seen one or more of these warning signals, it is imperative that you take action before the issue spirals out of control, since there are serious implications to having a clogged septic system.
Dangers of a Backed Up Septic Tank
A clogged septic tank may cause far more serious problems than just a puddle of water in your shower. Septic backflow is a serious health threat for you and your family, since it is a carrier of illness. In sewage, drug leftovers, human waste, fungi, viruses, and bacteria can all be found in large quantities. If you see any sewage backup bubbling into your house, call for expert aid in disinfecting your home. When you have a clogged septic tank, water damage is a definite possibility. Septic tank leakage in your house may severely harm your flooring and walls, as well as the rest of your property.
Untreated sewage from your clogged septic system can have far-reaching consequences for the ecology surrounding your property.
If you see signs of a clogged septic system, you should either attempt to fix it yourself or hire a professional like All Dry USA to do the work for you.
How To Fix Septic Tank Backup
The most effective technique to repair a septic tank is through regular maintenance. If you have a big family, make sure you get your system pumped every 3 to 5 years, or more frequently if necessary. Regular pumping will hopefully save a giant backhoe from ripping up your yard and repairing a sewage tank that has broken down on you. Check to ensure that your float switch is functioning properly. This will automatically turn off the system and shut off your water supply to prevent a potential backup from occurring.
Snakes may be obtained at any hardware shop and are available in a variety of sizes to accommodate the size of your pipes.
Calling (866) 313-0458 at any time of day or night to speak with All Dry USA about your backed-up septic tank is a terrific answer.
As a result of our more than ten years of repair experience, we haven’t come across an obstruction, a pipe, or a septic tank that we couldn’t clear out and put back in working condition.
Ben possesses a wide range of specialized qualifications and certifications in the fields of repair and building. Ben Suiskind’s most recent blog entries (See all of them)
How a Septic System Works – and Common Problems
This Article Discusses Septic Tanks are a type of septic tank that is used to dispose of waste. Field Sizing and System MaintenanceProblems with the Leach FieldSystem Performance Questions and comments are welcome. See Also: Septic System Frequently Asked Questions Articles on SEPTIC SYSTEM may be found here. In locations where there are no municipal sewage systems, each residence is responsible for treating its own sewage on its own property, which is known as a “on-site sewage disposal system,” or septic system, more popularly.
One of the most commonly seen types of leach field is composed of a series of perforated distribution pipes, each of which is placed in a gravel-filled absorption trench.
The wastewater is collected in the septic tank once it has been discharged from the residence. Septic tanks are normally between 1,000 and 2,000 gallons in capacity and are composed of concrete, strong plastic, or metal, depending on the model. Highly durable concrete tanks, which should endure for 40 years or more provided they are not damaged, are the most common. Many contemporary tanks are designed with two chambers in order to maximize efficiency. Household wastewater is collected in the septic tank, where it is separated and begins to degrade before being discharged into the leach field.
- In the tank, oil and grease float to the top of the tank, where they are known as scum, while solid waste falls to the bottom, where they are known as sludge.
- Bacteria and other microorganisms feed on the sediments at the bottom of the tank, causing them to decompose in an anaerobic (without oxygen) process that begins at the bottom of the tank.
- Solids and grease must be pushed out of the system on a regular basis in order for it to continue to function effectively.
- Each gallon added to the tank results in one gallon being discharged to the leach field, leach pit, or other similar treatment facility.
A large amount of water delivered too rapidly to the tank may discharge untreated effluent, along with oil and particulates, into the leach field, where it may block the field and cause a backup.
When used properly, a leach field (also known as a “drain field”) is a series of perforated pipes that are typically buried in gravel trenches 18 to 36 inches below grade — deep enough to avoid freezing, but close enough to the surface that air can reach the bacteria that further purify the effluent (see illustration below). As little as 6 inches might separate you from the ground surface, depending on your soil type and municipal regulations. It is customary to cover the perforated pipes with approximately two inches of gravel and a layer of topsoil that is 18 to 24 inches in depth.
- Grass is often sown above the ground.
- The leach field is comprised of rows of perforated pipes in gravel trenches that are used to spread wastewater over a vast area in order to further purify it.
- A bacteria-rich slime mat forms where the gravel meets the soil, and it is responsible for the majority of the water purification work.
- Despite the fact that wastewater freezes at a far lower temperature than pure water, freezing is still a hazard in cold areas.
- The leftover pathogens are converted into essential plant nutrients by these organisms, while sand, gravel, and soil filter out any solids that remain.
- If the system is operating effectively, the filtered wastewater will return to the aquifer as naturally clean water that is suitable for human consumption at this stage.
- Alternative systems may be permitted in situations when traditional leach fields are unable to function properly owing to poor soil conditions or a high water table.
- Special systems may also be necessary in regions where there are flood plains, bodies of water, or other ecologically sensitive areas to protect against flooding.
SIZING THE LEACH FIELD
Using perforated pipes put in gravel-filled trenches, the drain field is sized to accommodate the number of beds in the house. In order for the system to function successfully, the leach field must be appropriately sized for the soil type and amount of wastewater, which is normally determined by the number of bedrooms in the house. In order for the liquid to seep into the soil, it must be permeable enough to do so. As a result, the denser the soil, the larger the leach field that is necessary.
- Better to have surplus capacity in your system than to have it cut too close to the bone.
- Septic tank backup into your house, pooling on the surface of the earth, or polluting local groundwater are all possibilities if the ground is incapable of absorbing the liquid.
- Dense clay soils will not absorb the liquid at a sufficient rate, resulting in a backlog.
- If the soil is mostly composed of coarse sand and gravel, it might drain at such a rapid rate that untreated sewage can poison the aquifer or damage surrounding bodies of water.
- Alternative systems may be permitted in situations when traditional leach fields are unable to function properly owing to poor soil conditions or a high water table.
These systems sometimes cost twice or three times as much as a regular system and require significantly more upkeep. Near flood plains, bodies of water, and other ecologically sensitive places, special systems may also be necessary to protect people and property.
SEPTIC SYSTEM CAREMAINTENANCE REQUIRED
Taking good care of your septic system will reap rewards in the form of many years of trouble-free service. Periodic pumping of the septic tank is required to remove the solid waste (sludge) and grease layer (scum) from the tank. Because sediments will ultimately overflow and flow into the leach field, its efficacy and longevity will be reduced. It is difficult or impossible to restore a congested leach field, making frequent pumping essential! Forgetting to pump out the tank is the most common reason for septic systems to fail prematurely.
When fats, petroleum products, and solids make their way into the leach field, they can clog the biological mat where the leach trenches meet the soil, interfering with the biological mat’s ability to purify the effluent.
To avoid problems, direct yard drainage away from the leach field.And don’t do a week’s worth of laundry for This will assist in keeping the load moderate and extending the life of your system.To avoid overloading the system, do the following steps:
- Taking good care of your septic system will reap rewards in the form of many years of trouble-free service. Periodic pumping of the septic tank is necessary to remove the solid waste (sludge) and grease layer (scum) from the tank. Otherwise, sediments would ultimately overflow the tank and pour into the leach field, lowering the efficacy of the leach field and shortening its life. It is difficult or impossible to rehabilitate a congested leach field, making frequent pumping essential! It is the most common reason for septic systems to fail prematurely. If the tank is too small for the amount of waste generated or if it is overloaded on a regular basis, cooking fats, grease, and particles can wash into the leach field. When fats, petroleum products, and solids make their way into the leach field, they can clog the biological mat at the point where the leach trenches meet the soil, interfering with the biological mat’s ability to purify the effluent. Excessive water from heavy household usage or yard drainage can overload the system, carrying grease and solids into the leach field. To avoid problems, direct yard drainage away from the leach field.And don’t do a week’s worth Keeping the load controlled will assist to extend the life of your system. To avoid overloading the system, take the following precautions.
In addition, refrain from flushing sediments, strong chemicals, and just about anything else down the toilet or sink other than biological waste and white toilet paper. Avoid using garbage disposals in the kitchen. If you really must have one, keep it for small non-meat bits only. Avoid flushing chemicals or paints down the toilet since many chemicals can destroy beneficial microorganisms or cause water contamination in the surrounding area. Avoid flushing the following down the toilet:
- Grease, fats, and animal scraps
- Paints, thinners, chemicals, and pharmaceuticals
- And a variety of other materials sanitary napkins, tampons, and other supplies Paper towels and disposable diapers are examples of such products. Egg shells, coffee grounds, and nut shells are all good options. Antibacterial soaps and antibiotics are available.
It is preferable to put grass over the leach field and to refrain from driving or parking in the vicinity. Excessive weight placed on top of the drain field might compress the earth, diminishing its efficiency as a drain field. Drain pipes can also become clogged by trees and plants with invasive roots. In order to prevent damage to the leach field, the following measures should be taken:
- Heavy machinery should not be driven, parked, or stored on top of the leach field (or septic tank). Placement of a deck, patio, pool, or any other sort of construction over the leach field is prohibited. Remove any large trees or other plants with deep roots from the leach field. Grass is the most effective groundcover.
Even with careful use and routine maintenance, however, leach fields are not guaranteed to survive indefinitely. It is inevitable that the soil will get saturated with dissolved elements from the wastewater, and that the soil will be unable to absorb any more incoming water. The presence of an odorous wet area over the leach field, as well as plumbing backups in the house, are frequently the first indicators that something is wrong. Many municipalities mandate septic system designs to incorporate a second “reserve drain field” in the case that the first field fails.
A well constructed and maintained system should last for at least 20 to 30 years, if not longer than that. After a few tears, the initial field will naturally heal and may be used once again when the situation calls for it to be. More information on Septic System Maintenance may be found here.
SEPTIC SYSTEM PERFORMANCE PROBLEMS
Poor original design, abuse, or physical damage, such as driving heavy trucks over the leach field, are the root causes of the majority of septic system issues. The following are examples of common situations that might cause a septic system to operate poorly: Plumbing in the home. obstructed or insufficient plumbing vents, a blockage between the home and the septic tank, or an insufficient pitch in the sewer line leading from the house are all possible causes. Sewage tank to leach field connection Septic tank and leach field blockage caused by a closed or damaged tank outlet, a plugged line leading to the leach field caused by tree roots, or a blockage caused by sediments that overflowed from the tank Piping in the leach field.
- Most of the time, tree roots do not make their way through the gravel bed and into the perforated pipe.
- Reduced flows, achieved through the use of flow restrictors and low-flow faucets and fixtures, may be beneficial.
- Because of the seasonal high water table, the soil around the trenches might get saturated, reducing the soil’s ability to absorb wastewater.
- This may frequently be remedied by adding subsurface drains or curtain drains to intercept the water flow into the leach field region and to lower the water table in the immediate area around the drainage system.
- Likewise, see: In order to do a perc test, who should I hire?
- Is It Possible for Septic Systems to Last a Lifetime?
- Performing an Inspection on a Septic System When Is the Best Time to Take a Perc Test?
- Examination of the WellSEPTIC SYSTEMView allSEPTIC SYSTEMarticles Return to the top of the page
The Differences Between A Dry Well And A Septic Tank
Unless you live in an urban region, the chances are good that you are reading this because you live in a rural area or in an area that receives significant rainfall throughout the year. Assuming that you responded yes to any of those questions, you’re undoubtedly already aware with the concepts of dry well and septic tank. A dry well and a septic tank are two separate things, and there is considerable misunderstanding regarding the differences. However, while certain operations may overlap because they are both technically disposal systems, they are not interchangeable, despite the fact that some processes may overlap.
In this post, we will discuss the fundamental distinctions between dry wells and septic tanks, as well as the types of maintenance and care that are required for each system, as well as the specifics of how each system operates.
Please bear in mind that we provide services for both Dry Wells and Septic Tanks, from aiding with registration to providing maintenance and upkeep to decommissioning. Please contact Alpha Environmental if you have any servicing requirements.
What is a Dry Well?
A Drywell, also known as an Underground Injection Control (UIC) well, is a man-made device that is used to release water from the surface of the earth to the subsurface. Only stormwater runoff is intended to be received by drywells, which enable the water to seep through perforated drywell sidewalls and into the subsurface soils where it is needed. Drywells constructed today are frequently built of perforated concrete or acrylic. A vast number of dry wells are utilized in the Pacific Northwest to deal with heavy and persistent precipitation.
Gutter systems attached to downspouts that transport rainwater straight into a home’s yard are common on residential properties, as is the use of rain barrels.
How Does a Dry Well Work?
If you think of a classic water well (brick walled, hollowed out with no cover, protruding out of the ground), imagine it is buried beneath the ground instead of being apparent to the naked eye. Surface water from rooftops and parking lots is channeled into the dry well by pipe and is temporarily stored in the dry well until it is needed again. Afterwards, water seeps through the perforated walls of the dry well and slowly percolates into the surrounding soils, where it is stored. Some dry wells are equipped with a catch basin.
Residential Dry Well Installation
It is extremely advised that you get your dry well installed by a competent company. If your system is implemented poorly, you will almost certainly wind up spending more money on costly repairs (as well as possible fines) than you spent on the initial installation. An experienced staff will know where the optimum placement in the yard is for the dry well, as well as for any catch basins that may be required. In addition to checking for soil conditions (such as soil absorption levels), a professional knows how to ensure that your dry well is large enough to prevent water from backing up after the first major rain.
In addition, hiring a professional to install your dry well ensures that you are in compliance with all of the requirements set out by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ).
Dry Well Maintenance, Repairs, and Concerns
When it comes to dry wells, whether you already have one on your property or are interested in having one placed on your land, there are a few things to consider.
- Drywell registration is required. As previously discussed, non-roof drain dry wells must be registered with the DEQ
- Drywell sampling is also required. For yearly compliance, it is common practice to sample the soil on the exterior of the dry well or the silt and water from the interior of the dry well. The usage of a dry well is mandatory if the well is located in a facility that also handles chemicals or petroleum products. Some properties may be forbidden from having dry wells, depending on the site’s intended purpose
- Drywell upkeep and maintenance. When using dry wells, there is a risk of polluting groundwater or the land beneath the well. This is especially true when it comes to business premises that deal with potentially dangerous materials such as asbestos. However, even in residential settings, dry well maintenance is needed in order to ensure that your well lasts as long as it possibly can.
There are several instances where dry wells are no longer required. While this occurs, procedures must be followed when decommissioning the well in order to ensure that the well meets the standards for clean closure. Alpha Environmental is in charge of all of these requirements, as well as the appropriate notice prior to starting the procedure itself.
It is required to provide this information because the decommissioning work must be undertaken under the supervision of a qualified geologist, engineering geologist, or engineer.
Drywell Registration Assistance
Dry wells are no longer required in some situations. It is necessary to follow regulations while decommissioning a well in order to meet the criteria for clean closure in this situation. Alpha Environmental is in charge of all of these requirements, as well as the appropriate notice prior to starting the procedure. It is required to provide this notice because the decommissioning work must be undertaken under the supervision of a qualified geologist, engineering geologist, or engineer.
What is a Septic Tank?
Aseptic tanks are a type of onsite sewage system that is commonly found in rural regions (or in sites that are not linked to a centralized sewage system). They serve as a waste disposal mechanism that eliminates toxins from wastewater. Despite the fact that a septic tank is a wastewater treatment system, it is not correct to argue that it performs all of the functions of a centralized sewage system. For places without access to a bigger and more complicated sewage system, a septic tank is more of a “decent alternative” than anything else.
How Does a Septic Tank Work?
Inlet and outflow pipes are installed in septic tanks. Pipes leading into the tank absorb waste from the home and run it through the tank’s breakdown process (which we will describe in detail below), after which decontaminated water is sent out the outlet pipe. Detailed below is the procedure down to the smallest detail:
- Waste enters the septic tank through input pipes and flows to the septic tank. In contrast to the dry wells we discussed previously, a septic tank is capable of handling more than just rainfall and greywater. It also handles and is specifically designed to manage wastewater and any other water that comes from plumbing fixtures, among other things. As a matter of fact, “effluent,” or watery waste, should completely fill the septic tank (if it does not, there will be difficulties, which we shall discuss below)
- Anaerobic microorganisms decompose organic items that have been introduced into the aquarium. As the name implies, anaerobic bacteria are bacteria that do not require oxygen to survive, making them ideal for use in subterranean storage tanks. The sludge settles to the bottom of the vessel. In this breakdown process, inorganic particles and other wastes, collectively referred to as sludge, settle to the bottom of the tank. A healthy tank will have a thin layer of sludge at the bottom, with scum rising to the surface of the water at the top. While the sludge sinks to the bottom of the container, the scum rises to the top. Scum is made up of fats, greases, and oils, and any leftover particles are captured by a filter at the end of the process. Solids are kept away from the septic tank’s outflow pipe by this filter
- Effluent is sent to the septic drain field by this filter. Following that, the watery waste is channeled into a drain field, which is also known as a leach field. Waste is channeled through perforated pipes in this location (pipes with little holes on the side). The water leaches out into the surrounding soil, where the bacteria in the soil begin to digest the remainder of the wastewater and the process is repeated. Previously, your waste was being handled by anaerobic bacteria (bacteria that do not require oxygen), but now it is being treated by aerobic bacteria (bacteria that do require oxygen)
- Clean water seeps into the groundwater and aquifer
Dry wells handle rainfall and (perhaps) greywater, whereas septic tanks handle wastewater and, in the process, break down particles. This is the primary distinction between dry wells and septic tanks.
Septic Tank Maintenance, Repairs, and Concerns
- Get your septic tank drained by a professional as soon as possible. Pumping eliminates the accumulation of sludge and scum that has accumulated in the tank, which has caused the bacterial action to be slowed. If you have a large tank, it may be necessary to pump it once a year
- But, depending on the size of your tank and the quantity of waste you send through the system, you may go two or three years between pumpings. Obtain a preliminary advice from your inspector regarding how frequently your tank should be pumped
- And Don’t flush the incorrect stuff down the toilet or down the drain. Just a few of the items that have created problems with a homeowner’s septic tank include the following: Colored and clear paint and paint thinner, feminine hygiene goods, baby wipes and diapers, cigarette butts, cat litter, paper towels, cooking oils and fats, and other household items are prohibited. Putting these things (and other similar objects) down your drain pipes might cause clogs and necessitate the need for a service call. Maintaining your septic tank on a regular basis is essential. Maintenance on your septic system on a regular basis will assist to reduce the risk of an emergency scenario occurring, such as a septage blockage. By emptying your septic system on a regular basis, you may lessen the likelihood of septic system failure.
Leach Field vs. Seepage Pit
Don’t forget that a septic tank is responsible for disposing of human waste (and other potential hard-to-dispose of materials, depending on the location). The proper disposal of human waste must be carried out with care. We discussed septic drain fields (also known as leaching fields) above, but seepage pits are also used in some regions. Seepage pits are holes in the ground that are meant to absorb septic wastewater, such as the effluent from a septic tank, and to discharge it into the environment.
A seepage pit is a vertical depression in the ground (opposite to the horizontal leach field).
In order to be vertical, the seepage pit must be dug deeper in the dirt than is necessary, which implies that the effluent waste will only receive anaerobic bacterial treatment rather than aerobic bacterial treatment.
Septic Tank vs. DryWell vs. Cesspool
Let’s have a look at the highlights. Despite the fact that they perform similar activities (handling water) and are located in the same area (in your yard), a septic tank and a dry well serve distinct roles. Another issue we frequently receive is concerning cesspools, therefore we decided to combine the two topics into one blog article in order to “kill three birds with one stone.” A septic tank is a component of a septic waste system, which aims to replace the functions performed by a centralized sewage system in a home or business.
A dry well is a drainage system that is exclusively used for the collection and disposal of rainfall and greywater.
A dry well may be used in the construction of a catch basin in order to better capture sediments and keep the catch basin from becoming blocked when runoff water travels into the surrounding soil.
The difference between the two is that a septic tank is part of a septic waste management system, whereas a cesspool is just a hole intended to collect wastewater.
Please bear in mind that we provide services for both dry wells and septic tanks, from aiding with registration to providing maintenance and upkeep to decommissioning. Please contact Alpha Environmental if you have any servicing requirements.