What size septic tank do I need for my home?
- The number of bedrooms determines the size of the septic tank serving a single family residence. The minimum size septic tank approved for use in the State of Georgia is a 1000 gallon tank, which will serve a 3 or 4 bedroom house. Homes with garbage disposals are required to increase the size of the septic tank by 50%.
Can I increase the size of my septic system?
The simplest way to add to your septic tank while remaining connected to existing sewer lines is to simply add an additional septic tank. This gives your home a larger wastewater capacity, and gives your septic system more time to treat the wastewater before draining.
Can you add a bedroom to a septic system?
In particular states, it is only required that you increase the size of your septic tank if you add another bedroom to your home. This is so because the addition of another bedroom usually includes another bathroom in many occasions which can cause a septic tank overflow if not properly accommodated for.
Can you add a bathroom to an existing septic system?
When planning to add a toilet to your septic system, it’s important to contact the building authorities to find out if you can do it. Some jurisdictions base septic system size on the number of toilets serviced, and it’s illegal to exceed this number without upgrading the tank or leach field.
Why is Septic based on bedrooms?
Why? The more bedrooms a home has the more people it can house. The average person uses between 80 and 100 gallons of water a day. Each additional person in a home increases the daily strain on the septic system.
What happens if your leach field is too small?
If drain field soil becomes compacted, then the very small pockets of air that lie between soil particles are eliminated and the aerobic bacteria can die. When these bacteria die off, they cannot clarify wastewater properly.
How do you extend a leach field?
Another way to extend the life and efficiency of your drain field is to cover it with a layer of dense grass. You can also plant small plants with very shallow root systems over it, such as flowers and ferns. A plant cover will reduce soil erosion and absorb excess moisture from the drain field soil.
What does a 4 bedroom perc mean?
This means that the land can hold a 4 bedroom home. This is a raw piece of land that can be built on. The is a perk test done on the land to see what kind of a building can be safely built on it.
What is a bedroom septic system?
A septic system is determined by the number of bedrooms in a home. For example, if your home was originally built as a 3 bedroom, then the septic system was most likely designed to meet the anticipated capacity of the dwelling (6 people; 2 per bedroom).
Do I need to upgrade my septic tank?
Under the new rules, if you have a specific septic tank that discharges to surface water (river, stream, ditch, etc.) you are required to upgrade or replace your septic tank treatment system to a full sewage treatment plant by 2020, or when you sell a property, if it’s prior to this date.
How do you tie into an existing septic line?
Lay sections of four-inch PVC pipe from the new drain point to the existing drain line. Be certain to use PVC pipe cleaner on all pipe ends and fittings before applying PVC cement. Connect the drain line to the new drain point, making certain all fittings are secure.
Do macerating toilets work well?
Largely maintenance-free (the macerator and pump are usually permanently sealed in an oil-filled enclosure), macerating toilets shouldn’t present any significant problems when installed correctly provided they’re used correctly.
How long do leach fields last?
It’s important to consider the life expectancy of a drain-field, too. Under normal conditions and good care, a leach-field will last for 50 years or more. Concrete septic tanks are sturdy and reliable but not indestructible.
How much does it cost to pump a septic tank?
How much does it cost to pump out a septic tank? The average cost is $300, but can run up to $500, depending on your location. The tank should be pumped out every three to five years.
How often pump septic tank?
Inspect and Pump Frequently The average household septic system should be inspected at least every three years by a septic service professional. Household septic tanks are typically pumped every three to five years.
It’s Bad Advice: You Want Another Bedroom? Just Add a Closet!
As long as you keep up with the essentials, septic tanks require nothing in the way of upkeep. Generally speaking, septic tanks should be drained every three to five years, but they should also be examined at least once a year to ensure that they are in proper operating order. You should get your tank inspected by a skilled technician, who can then determine how often it has to be emptied. Please call the Pink Plumber right away if you have any questions. FOR YOUR CONVENIENCE, OUR EXPERTS IN PLUMBING ARE ON HAND.
Bedroom Count Misrepresentation With Septic Systems
Misrepresentation of the number of bedrooms in septic systems occurs significantly more frequently than you might expect. When it comes time to put your home on the market, you naturally want to include as many bedrooms as you reasonably can since, more often than not, more bedrooms translate into a higher selling price for your property. However, if you have a septic system, you will want to take a deep breath before putting that listing on the market. A faulty septic system that is not rated for the number of bedrooms claimed by the property owner might result in significant consequences, including the possibility of a legal action being brought against the property owner.
The majority of the time, it is the real estate agent who is at fault for failing to comprehend this area of the company properly.
- Unfortunately, the real estate agent sector is filled with agents who should not be permitted to possess a license, yet are still permitted to practice their profession.
- When you don’t take your work and the ongoing education that comes with it seriously, you may find yourself in the position of being sued.
- Consequently, if your home has four real bedrooms but the septic system capacity is only capable of supporting three, you have a three-bedroom home on your hands.
- It mentions “system information” on page six of the paper, which is where the section is located.
- When promoting a house, the real estate agent should use the number of bedrooms the septic system is built to handle, not the number of bedrooms that are really there.
How Septic Systems Relate to Bedrooms in a Home
Whatever their size or age, whether they’re large or tiny, old or new, all septic systems are intended to handle a set amount of waste.
In order to be an informed homeowner, and particularly a home seller, you must be aware of the size of your septic system. Knowing the capacity of your septic system will allow you to establish the number of bedrooms that your home is supposed to have on the inside.
Septic system capacity is measured, or “rated”, in bedrooms.
If you look at a septic system from the outside, you may imagine that its capacity is measured in bathroom square footage. Isn’t it true that a larger septic system should be able to manage additional bathrooms? No, it is not always the case. In reality, the quantity of restrooms isn’t a major source of worry. The number of bedrooms is the source of contention. The number of bedrooms indicates the number of people who may reside in the house and, thus, the number of people who may utilize the septic system.
The design flow of a septic system is determined by the anticipated demand depending on the number of bedrooms.
310 CMR 15.203 contains the relevant regulations.
You cannot have more bedrooms than the septic system can handle.
When it comes to real estate listings, you cannot advertise for more bedrooms in a property than the septic system is capable of supporting on its own. Now, the reality of the issue can be different; you might have more bedrooms in your home than the system is designed to accommodate. The residence cannot, however, be listed for sale with the buyer under the representation that the house has more bedrooms than the septic system’s bedroom capacity. The buyer may file a lawsuit if he or she discovers that the system is not rated for the number of bedrooms in the house they are considering purchasing.
Listing a home with more bedrooms than the septic system is rated for is illegal in Massachusetts.
Every state has its own set of rules governing real estate, so it’s crucial to research what you can and cannot do lawfully in your particular state before getting started. It is against the law in Massachusetts to attempt to sell your house by advertising more bedrooms than the septic system is capable of handling. Although this is not the preferred method of selling properties in the state, Realtors and home sellers continue to attempt it, most likely because they are uninformed of the regulations involving septic system ratings and home sales.
What is Considered a Bedroom Anyway?
Septic systems are one method of determining the number of bedrooms, but do you know what a bedroom is actually defined as? There is considerable ambiguity in defining a bedroom, to be sure. The following characteristics must be met in order for a room to be called a bedroom, according to standard practice:
- Keep the space to a minimal size – the square footage of the room should be at least 70-80 square feet in most cases. It is necessary to have an escape route – normally, you will require an entrance and an exit, as well as a door and a window wide enough to allow for escape. According to the International Residential Code, a window must have a minimum opening area of 5.7 square feet, a minimum opening height of twenty-four inches, and a minimum opening width of twenty inches in order to meet the requirements of the code. In certain cases, the gap between a finished floor and a finished window sill might be as much as 44 inches. In most cases, a person must be at least seven feet tall in order to be able to walk comfortably in the space. According to your local construction rules, you may be required to install a closet in your residence. This is less clear-cut than the majority of people believe. Many individuals are under the impression that you always need a closet.
In addition to the septic system standards, you should never refer to a room as a bedroom if it does not match the conditions outlined above.
How Do Sellers Wind Up Breaking the Law?
It is the great majority of house sellers and the vast majority of realtors who do not intend to contravene the law when they misrepresent that their property has more bedrooms than the septic system is designed to handle. They are only interested in extracting as much money as possible from the property. Some of the most prevalent reasons for misrepresentation include the following:
Additions to the home
When homeowners build an addition to their house, they don’t usually consider the septic system that will be installed. A expanding family, for example, necessitates an increase in the square footage of the home, while improving resale value is an additional motivation for many people. When considering the addition, it is usual to overlook the consequences of what will happen to the septic system as a result of the decision. A increasing number of homeowners are also failing to get the necessary construction licenses before carrying out renovations on their properties.
In addition to breaking the law, doing so can be a huge pain in the neck when it comes time to sell your home later on.
A considerable number of purchasers will either refuse to purchase a house when the sellers have not obtained the necessary permissions, or they will require the sellers to obtain the necessary permits.
While many cities may allow a property owner to go through the permitting process, some areas are increasingly requiring property owners to pull down all of their unpermitted construction.
No one should waste their time! While you may be able to save some money by defrauding the municipality of tax funds in order to purchase a more substantial property, this may come back to haunt you in the rear end.
Basement or attic conversions
Basements and attics, in certain cases, present appealing opportunities for increasing the amount of habitable space in a property. It’s possible that they won’t be as pleasant or perfect as the original living rooms in the house, but they may be constructed of a high enough quality to be both fun and helpful. It goes without saying that completing a basement or attic has no effect on the overall capacity of the septic system. Over the years, persons selling homes in and around Metrowest, Massachusetts, have finished extra portions of the property, which has been a key contributing factor to misrepresenting the number of bedrooms in the home.
This is an obvious example of bedroom deception.
Turning small rooms into bedrooms.
Bedrooms are often defined as rooms that include at least one closet, one door, and one window that is large enough to allow for escape. The septic system rating, on the other hand, is not taken into consideration in a rapid bedroom conversion like this. What appeared to be a simple and brilliant concept for increasing the value of a property may rapidly turn into a nightmare. It happens all the time to real estate agents and house sellers – don’t be one of them! To send a tweet, simply click here.
How to Determine the Septic System Rating
It’s possible that you have documentation that demonstrates what your septic system rating is. If you do, make sure to consult with them before making any decisions about what to include in your listings. If you do not have these documents, you can ask your Realtor to check the facts at your local town hall on your behalf if you do not have them. Most board of health departments will have the information, which will be categorised as either a septic system design or a “septic as constructed.” In Massachusetts, there is another method of determining the rating of septic systems, which is referred as as a Title V rating.
In the course of the inspection and assessment, the septic system business will prepare a Title V report, which will reveal how much capacity the septic system has.
Room Counts Also Determine Septic System Capacity
One of the more obscure provisions of the Title V law that fewer people are aware of is the method by which room counts are used to determine septic system capacity. To calculate septic capacity with room counts, divide the number of rooms by two to obtain the appropriate size for which the system should be designed. For example, if there are ten real rooms in a house, the house should be planned to accommodate five bedroom configuration. Taking ten rooms and dividing by two results in five bedrooms.
When there are two rooms that are back to back and have an opening that is equal to or greater than eight feet, this is referred to as one room.
Years ago, it appeared as if this section of the law was never enforced, but it is now being enforced by a growing number of jurisdictions.
What About a Deed Restriction?
Homeowners in several Massachusetts areas have been given the option of placing a deed restriction on their property rather than being required to update their septic system. The deed limitation effectively states that the homeowner promises that they will only advertise their house for the number of bedrooms indicated by the septic system on the property. The deed limitation is passed along with the house, therefore the new owner will be required to adhere to the restrictions as well. Some communities will enable a deed limitation to be placed on a property so that a construction permit can be given for residences that have a total room count that exceeds the allowed septic design flow.
Consider the following scenario: you currently own a nine-room home and want to add a “gaming room” to your property.
The deed restriction is a middle-of-the-road solution.
Do Not Expect Your Realtor to Know This!
Numerous Realtors are not aware of the legal ramifications of marketing a house with more bedrooms than the septic system is designed to handle. This is a terrible truth that must be addressed. Every now and again, real estate advertisements are posted that claim a property has a specific number of bedrooms—more bedrooms than the septic system is capable of supporting. The mistake may go undiscovered for a short period of time, but it is equally probable that the blunder will be pointed out and that ramifications will follow.
However, much as some real estate brokers utilize bad photographs, fail to advertise a house outside the Multiple Listing Service, and lack negotiating skills, some real estate agents are also oblivious of the regulations that they should be aware of.
Typically, this occurs after they have been duped into purchasing a bag of goods by a real estate agent who misrepresented the true number of bedrooms.
One More Word of Advice on Title V Inspections
What many purchasers, their real estate agents, and even lenders are unaware of is that the Title V report on which they rely may not be approved by the lender. It is common practice and assumed that the Title V report that has been circulated around has been accepted. That is not the case! From the time of the inspection, the Title V inspector has up to thirty days to submit the report to the local board of health or the DEP, whichever is sooner. It is conceivable that these entities will be unable to authorize a portion of the inspection as a result of this.
And yes, you are accurate in your interpretation of the text! It is possible that you will close on your property and subsequently discover that your Title V application has been denied!
The regulations governing septic systems might differ from one state to another. When purchasing or selling a house that is serviced by a septic system, it is critical that you be aware of the applicable laws and traditions in the area. Make careful to conduct thorough research before making a decision, or it might come back to haunt you. The ability to comprehend disclosure regulations is always important when selling a house.
Additional Home Selling Articles Worth a Look
- Who is it that your real estate agent is working for? courtesy of Paul Sian When selling via Anita Clark, there are certain important fixes to do. The most important factors to consider when selling your house courtesy of Karen Highland Ensure that your house does not end up on the market. courtesy of Michelle Gibson Kevin Vitali’s deception in real estate has resulted in a disastrous outcome.
Make use of these extra articles to expand your knowledge of what it takes to be a successful home seller in your area. a little about the author: Real estate information on bedroom count misrepresentation with septic systems was contributed by Bill Gassett, a nationally acknowledged authority in his profession, and is used here with permission. If you need to reach Bill, you may do so through email at [email protected] or by phone at 508-625-0191. Bill has been assisting people with their relocations in and out of various Metrowest areas for more than three decades.
I have a strong interest in real estate and like sharing my marketing knowledge with others.
How to get more bedrooms out of your septic permit — Engineered Septic, Package Plants, and Effluent Sewer Solutions
There are two basic approaches to obtaining approval for additional bedrooms on your septic permit. 1) Increase your LTAR (Long-Term Effectiveness Rating) (long-term acceptance rate). This statistic specifies how many gallons per day per square foot of drain field space may be applied to the soil in a sustainable manner without causing the soil to fail. 2) Decrease your horizontal setbacks and make more space available on your land for drainfields by reducing your setbacks. Property owners can lower the horizontal setback distance they must maintain between their drainfield and property features such as foundation drains, surface waters, and interceptor drains by treating wastewater prior to applying it to the drainfield region.
When building a drainfield on Lake Norman, where the soils are typically favorable, a drainfield product like T J Panelis utilized to minimize the needed footprint of the drainfield by 50 percent.
At the coast, we employ ts-ii treatment and bed systems to condense drain fields for an eight-bedroom house into a little more than 400 sq ft of available space.
Fortunately, the 1970 rules are currently being rewritten in order to make them more clear and easily understandable. In the meanwhile, contact the American Water Works Association for assistance with your onsite wastewater design concerns! [email protected]
What is a bedroom? Why does it affect your septic system?
This may appear to be a strange question demanding a straightforward response. However, it is one of the most commonly misunderstood and misrepresented aspects of a house. Much more important is to ask: “Why does it matter?” and “To whom does it matter?” The topic of what constitutes a bedroom has implications for persons who are:
- Building a new house, remodeling or adding an extension to a current home, and purchasing an existing property from either a private seller or a real estate agent are all options for homeowners.
Allow me to begin by tying this to a situation that occurred a few weeks ago. I received a phone call from a prospective client who was searching for help. He had recently made the decision to finish the second story of his Cape Cod-style home, which was now under construction. Upon completion, he intended to utilize the finished areas as an office and a hobby room, respectively. This seems to be a straightforward process. When he went to the local building department to obtain a permit, he was informed by the sanitarian that the space he was completing was regarded a prospective bedroom, despite the fact that he had no intention of utilizing either space as a sleeping place.
In order to build these extra “bedrooms,” he would also need to expand his present septic system, which was explained to him at that point.
First, why did the sanitarian consider the spaces to be bedrooms?
The sanitarian decided that they had easy access to the restroom on the first level in this particular instance. As a result, based on his assessment, he concluded that the second-floor spaces may be utilized as bedrooms, or as private sleeping quarters for people. However, even if the present owner intends to use the rooms as an office and a hobby room, the spaces would be deemed a third or fourth bedroom and might be utilized as such by new owners if the house is sold in the future.
Second, what did that have to do with the size of the septic system?
Many people believe that the size of a septic system is proportional to the number of bathrooms in a house. This is not true. This is completely false! The number of bedrooms in a house determines the size of the septic system required. Consider the following scenario: if your home was initially built as a three-bedroom house, the septic system was most likely intended to accommodate the projected capacity of the house (6 people; 2 per bedroom). To satisfy the demands of an additional two people, you must expand your septic system to include a fourth room or whatever the building authority or health code considers a bedroom.
Septic Systems and Additions To Your Home
The lesson here is that if you have a septic system, you must take into account the system’s present capacity when planning a new addition or renovation that may be deemed a new bedroom. This is also a useful reminder for real estate professionals. There have been a few instances when Realtors have listed properties on the Multiple Listing Service (MLS) when the number of bedrooms did not match the capacity of the septic system. For example, the listing said that the home had 4 bedrooms, but the buyer subsequently learns that the septic system is only rated for 3 bedrooms.
The buyer has the right to file a lawsuit against the seller and the Realtor.
The majority of health agencies should have information on file in the form of a septic design or “septic as-constructed.” You may look forward to a follow-up article in a few days in which we will discuss bedrooms in further detail and how they are defined by ambiguous health code criteria.
3 Tips for Remodeling Your Home with a Septic System – Septic Maxx
You may be considering expanding your house by adding another bedroom or a full new floor. You must also take into account the consequences that upgrading your house may have on your septic system in addition to the flooring and wall colors you choose. There are certain specific aspects to which you must pay great attention, such as how to reroute your plumbing and how much the entire operation will cost you in the long run. Inadequate consideration for your septic system while upgrading your house might result in expensive repairs that may wind up costing more than the actual home renovation project itself.
Locate Septic Tank
Adding additional bedroom or a totally new level to your house may be on your list of priorities. You must also take into account the consequences that upgrading your house may have on your septic system, in addition to the flooring and wall colors you choose. There are certain specific aspects to which you must pay great attention, such as how to reroute your plumbing and how much the complete operation will cost you in total. Inadequate consideration for your septic system while upgrading your house might result in expensive repairs that may wind up costing more than the actual home remodeling project itself!
Consider How Alterations Will Affect Your Septic Tank
You could be wanting to expand your house by adding another bedroom or a full new floor. The implications of upgrading your house on your septic system must be considered in addition to the flooring and wall colors you choose. Certain difficulties must be addressed with great care, such as how to reroute your plumbing and how much the entire operation will cost you. Making a mistake when renovating your house might result in expensive repairs that may wind up costing more than the original home remodeling project itself.
Check Local Permit Requirements
You could want to expand your house by adding another bedroom or a full new floor. Aside from the flooring and wall colors, you must consider the impact that upgrading your house may have on your septic system. There are several aspects that you must pay great attention to, such as how to reroute your plumbing and how much the complete operation will cost you. Inadequate consideration for your septic system while upgrading your house might result in pricey repairs that may wind up costing more than the actual home renovation project itself.
Buying a 5 bedroom house with 2 bedroom septic system
Hello, we require your assistance. We now reside in Tennessee and are in the process of purchasing our first house. We discovered a house on 5.5 acres that we really like and it has everything we need. We have, however, discovered that it has a flaw in it. Our primary issue with the property was whether or not the septic system was in adequate working order. Following a thorough investigation by our realtor, we uncovered the following: The house is a 1997 doublewide that was initially built as a three-bedroom, two-bath 1600 square foot home.
As a result of receiving the septic certificate, we discovered that the septic system is a two-bedroom system with 220 feet of leechfield.
Secondly, if not, and if the tank is large enough, can this system be expanded to accommodate the larger residence while still being adequate?
3 If the answer to question 2 is no, how much would it cost to establish a sufficient system?
We are also a fixed-income family, and we could not have afforded a “surprise” of $6,000-$8,000. I would much appreciate it if someone could share their thoughts with me. Please accept my thanks in advance.
What’s a Bedroom? How Home Upgrades May Impact Your Septic System.
Despite the fact that it may seem like a simple topic, the subtleties of what constitutes a bedroom are particularly significant when evaluating how house improvements may affect your septic system. In the midst of a renovation job, the septic system isn’t the first thing that comes to mind while you’re sifting through paint chips and carpet possibilities. Certain house modifications, on the other hand, may need the replacement of your septic system. Continue reading to learn more about what constitutes a bedroom and why this is important for your septic system.
Sizing Standards for Septic Tanks
Many people are under the impression that the size of a home’s septic system is dictated by the number of bathrooms it has. This is incorrect. Building codes, on the other hand, determine the size of the system based on the number of bedrooms (or potential bedrooms) a property possesses. Why? The number of bedrooms in a house determines the number of people it can accommodate. On a daily basis, the average human consumes between 80 and 100 gallons of water. Each additional person who lives in a home increases the everyday stress placed on the septic system’s ability to function properly.
Following these standards not only guarantees that your home is up to code, but it also ensures that your trash disposal system is capable of handling the garbage generated by your household.
The following criteria, which are applicable in the state of Ohio, define the proper size requirements for residential septic systems.
|Number of Bedrooms||Size of Septic Tank|
|1-2||1,000 gallons in one or two compartments|
|3||1,500 gallons in two tanks/compartments|
|4-5||2,000 gallons in two tanks/compartments|
|6+||2,500 gallons plus 250 gallons for each additional bedroom in two tanks/compartments|
What Counts as a BedroomWhy It Matters for Your Septic System
So what exactly is a bedroom? While this appears to be a straightforward question with a straightforward response, the reality is that most people are surprised by what constitutes a “bedroom.” In Ohio, a bedroom is defined as “a room that is planned or utilized as a sleeping room, or any space that may reasonably be used or completed as a sleeping room,” according to the state’s definition. The municipal health department, which collaborates with the construction department to ensure that structures are safe and hygienic, is ultimately responsible for determining whether a room truly qualifies as a bedroom.
- Measurement in Square Feet: A room must contain at least 100 square feet in order to be classified as a bedroom. Most of the time, an area between 70 and 80 square feet qualifies as large enough to be designated a bedroom.
- Width: In certain cases, a room may fulfill the minimal size standards, but it will not qualify as a bedroom because it is not wide enough to be utilized as a bedroom in a reasonable manner. A long corridor, for example, may be 70-80 square feet in size, but that area could not be used for sleeping purposes in any reasonable manner. Bedrooms are usually at least 7 feet wide in any direction in order to qualify as such
- However, this might vary depending on the situation.
- A room must also fulfill specific height standards in order to be called a bedroom, including the ability for an adult to stand erect in the space Most of the time, at least half of the room must be at least 7 feet tall. This factor is sometimes used to determine whether or not a finished attic or loft area qualifies as a bedroom
- For safety reasons, bedrooms are required to include at least two exits, which are often a door and a window large enough for a human to pass through, which is typically 5.7 square feet. As a result, rooms in basements are frequently excluded from the definition of bedroom unless a bigger window is built in the foundation wall.
- Heating and cooling must be provided in the bedrooms in some form or another. Typically, this necessitates the ventilation of a room in order to connect to the home’s HVAC system.
Home Upgrades that May Require Septic System Upgrades
Perhaps the most essential consideration for assessing whether a room qualifies as a bedroom is whether it can properly be used as a bedroom, rather than whether or not you want to use it as a bedroom in the first place. Example: If you are completing a lofted area to use as a home office and the space fulfills all of the standards to qualify as a bedroom, the space will be treated as a bedroom under the rules. If the addition of this extra area causes your home to cross another threshold, such as going from three to four bedrooms, you may need to update your septic tank.
To decide whether or whether you will need to update your septic system as a result of the remodeling project, consult with your contractor, local health agency, and atrusted septic provider closely.
We take great satisfaction in providing quality septic services, both routine and emergency, to our customers. For more information on how your home renovations may affect your septic system, get in touch with us now.
What Not to Flush Down the Drain When Making Home Repairs and Maintaining Your Septic SystemPoint-of-Sale What to Expect During a Septic Inspection
What size of septic tank do I need?
What Not to Flush Down the Drain When Making Home Repairs and Maintaining Your Septic System Getting Ready for Your Septic Inspection
septic tanks for new home construction
The exact size of the septic tank is determined mostly by the square footage of the house and the number of people who will be living in it. The majority of home septic tanks have capacities ranging from 750 to 1,250 gallons. A 1000 gallon tank will most likely be required for a typical 3-bedroom home that is smaller than 2500 square feet in size. Of course, all of this is dependent on the number of people who live in the house as well as the amount of water and waste that will be disposed of through the plumbing system.
For the most accurate assessment of your septic tank needs, you should speak with an experienced and trustworthy sewer business representative.
planning your drainfield
This is mostly determined by the square footage of the house and the number of people that will be living in it, as well as other factors. A typical household septic tank holds between 750 and 1,250 gallons of water. Typically, a 1000 gallon tank will be required for a three-bedroom home that is less than 2500 square feet in size. It goes without saying that the amount of water and garbage that is placed into the system is directly proportional to the number of people who live in the residence.
A reputable septic firm is the most dependable source for determining the appropriate size septic tank for your home.
- Vehicles should not be allowed on or around the drainfield. Planting trees or anything else with deep roots along the bed of the drain field is not recommended. The roots jam the pipes on a regular basis. Downspouts and sump pumps should not be discharged into the septic system. Do not tamper with or change natural drainage features without first researching and evaluating the consequences of your actions on the drainage field. Do not construct extensions on top of the drain field or cover it with concrete, asphalt, or other materials. Create easy access to your septic tank cover by placing it near the entrance. Easy maintenance and inspection are made possible as a result. To aid with evaporation and erosion prevention, plant grass in the area.
a home addition may mean a new septic tank
Do not make any big additions or renovations to your house or company until you have had the size of your septic system assessed. If you want to build a house addition that is more than 10% of your total floor space, increases the number of rooms, or necessitates the installation of new plumbing, you will almost certainly need to expand your septic tank.
- For a home addition that will result in increased use of your septic system, your local health department will require a letter from you that has been signed and authorized by a representative of your local health department confirming that your new septic system is capable of accommodating the increase in wastewater. It is not recommended that you replace your septic system without the assistance of a certified and competent contractor.
how to maintain your new septic system
Septic tank cleaning and septic tank pumping services are provided by Norway Septic Inc., a service-oriented company devoted to delivering outstanding septic tank cleaning and septic tank pumping services to households and business owners throughout the Michiana area. “We take great delight in finishing the task that others have left unfinished.” “They pump, we clean!” says our company’s motto. Septic systems are something we are familiar with from our 40 years of expertise, and we propose the following:
- Make use of the services of a qualified specialist to develop a maintenance strategy. Make an appointment for an annual examination of your septic system. Utilize the services of an effluent filter to limit the amount of particles that exit the tank, so extending the life of your septic system. Waste items should be disposed of properly, and energy-efficient appliances should be used. Make sure you get your septic system professionally cleaned every 2 to 3 years, or more frequently if necessary, by an experienced and qualified expert
- If you have any reason to believe that there is an issue with your system, contact a professional. It is far preferable to catch anything early than than pay the price later. Maintain a record of all septic system repairs, inspections, and other activities
common septic questions
Here are some of the most frequently asked questions by our septic customers.
How do I determine the size of my septic tank?
If you have a rectangular tank, multiply the inner height by the length to get the overall height of the tank.
In order to find out how many gallons your septic tank contains, divide the number by.1337.1337
How many bedrooms does a 500-gallon septic tank support?
The exact size of the septic tank is determined mostly by the square footage of the house and the number of people who will be living in it. The majority of home septic tanks have capacities ranging from 750 to 1,250 gallons. A 1000 gallon tank will most likely be required for a typical 3-bedroom home that is smaller than 2500 square feet in size.
How deep in the ground is a septic tank?
Your septic system is normally buried between four inches and four feet underground, depending on the climate.
Septic System Basics for Realtors – Oklahoma State University
Sergio M. Abit Jr. and Larry Boyanton wrote this article. Whether in connection with the acquisition or sale of a plot of land or a house, the realtor is the primary source of information and guidance for both the buyer and the seller. Information about the neighborhood, accessibility to good schools, the number of rooms, kitchen amenities, the land area, and the number of bathrooms are all normal topics of conversation between a customer and a real estate representative. Although septic systems and other domestic wastewater treatment systems are commonly addressed in depth, they are rarely discussed in depth on the internet.
The realtor should inform the client whether the land for sale would necessitate the installation of a highly expensive septic system (say, $10,000) in order to obtain a construction permit, so that this fact may be taken into consideration during the purchase discussion.
This Fact Sheet will cover the following important aspects that realtors should be aware of when advising their customers: 1) The fundamentals of a septic system; 2) critical information for land buyers; 3) important information for home buyers; and 4) the many systems that are permitted.
Septic System Basics
Households that are not in close proximity to municipal sewage lines are required to have on-site wastewater treatment systems (OWTS or septic systems). Some of the most straightforward methods rely mainly on gravity for wastewater dispersion and soil treatment to achieve treatment results. Other systems, particularly those that rely on electricity and involve mechanical components that are powered by complicated electronics, are more expensive and need more frequent maintenance. Toilets and drains are among the components of a septic system, as are domestic plumbing, outside tanks for wastewater storage and pre-treatment, and soil on the property, which is responsible for ultimate treatment and decomposition of the waste.
- The specifics of the various OWTS that are permissible in Oklahoma are detailed further below.
- All efforts must be made to ensure that the suitable sort of system is installed for the desired household size, that it is adapted to the soil and site features of the location, and that it is professionally installed in order to achieve this.
- All systems require some level of maintenance at some point.
- Septic system failure has financial implications for customers (both property sellers and buyers), but it also has the potential to have negative health and environmental ramifications for the environment.
Chemicals and bacteria found in improperly treated wastewater pose a threat to the health of both the home’s residents and those who live nearby.
Land Buyers’ Questions that Realtors Should Address
In areas where the municipal or city sewage system does not reach or where the municipality does not have a centralized wastewater treatment facility, a septic system is required to handle the waste generated. If you are unsure, contact your local utility office.
Does the lot/area meet minimum requirements for installing a septic system?
Whether the land has enough room for both the home and the OWTS should be determined by the real estate agent. In the general intended installation area, it is recommended that at least 10,000 square feet be set aside for the OWTS. Aerial view of the property showing dry portions of the land that are immersed in water at different periods of the year. Furthermore, the region should be easily accessible to installers as well as the equipment required for earth-moving operations associated with the installation.
It is necessary to have a minimum lot size of three-fourths of an acre in order to establish a drinking water well in the region.
Other site-related factors to be considered
Even if the terrain is sloping, it is possible to install OWTS on a sloping region. Installation of OWTS in reasonably level locations, on the other hand, is less difficult for installers and does not need extensive earthwork (meaning, less labor cost). The installation of an OWTS is not recommended in locations with a slope higher than 10%, according to general consensus. Proximity to a protected water body: The realtor should identify whether or not the property is located inside the Water Body Protection (WBP) area as defined by the Oklahoma Department of Environmental Quality laws and regulations (DEQ).
This indicates that the consumer will have to pay a higher price for the OWTS services.
Codes and limits on subdivisions: If the property is located in a housing subdivision, it is best practice to double-check if the Subdivision Covenant/Agreement has any limits on septic systems or not before purchasing the property (e.g.
Separate from the space planned for OWTS installation, there should be sufficient space next to the intended OWTS installation site that might be designated as a “repair area.” If the initial system deployed fails, dispersion lines will be built in the repair area to prevent further damage to the environment.
What possible types of septic systems can be installed in the property of interest?
Septic systems that would be approved in the region would be determined mostly by the soil and site characteristics of the property. One must first understand the soil types present in the region before being able to get an initial impression of the types of systems that might be put in the area. It is possible to obtain information on the soils in the area by visiting the website. For further information on how to obtain the essential soil information, see the Oklahoma State University Extension leaflet L-430, Land Buyers’ Septic System Guide for Oklahoma.
System types that are approved in the state include six different types. The many sorts of systems that are permissible in Oklahoma will be examined in greater detail later.
How much money and time needs to be allocated for septic system installation?
The cost of installation varies greatly based on the type of system, the location, and the characteristics of the site. It is recommended that homebuilders consult with a local installer to determine the range of installation costs that are appropriate in their location. Installing the different OWTS is predicted to take a certain amount of time, as shown in Table 1. Table 1 shows the data. The estimated time required for the installation of different OWTS intended for a two-bedroom residence that produced 200 gallons of wastewater per day is shown in the table below.
|On-site Wastewater Treatment System||Installation Time|
|Conventional System||1-2 days|
|Shallow Extended Subsurface Absorption Field||1-2 days|
|Low Pressure Dosing System||1-2 days|
|Evapotranspiration/Absorption System||1-2 days|
|Lagoon System||2 days|
|Aerobic Treatment System||1 day|
Who can install septic system?
It is essential that you hire the services of a septic system installer who is certified by the state. For a septic system installation to be successful, the homeowner or installer must obtain a soil profiler to describe the soil in the area chosen for installation. The installer will construct the system and submit the necessary permits to the local DEQ office based on the description of the site and soil parameters supplied by the soil profiler. The performance of a percolation test, which measures the rate of downward water flow through the soil, may be required in particular circumstances.
A list of State-certified installers may be accessed at the following address: The list of licensed soil profilers may be obtained by contacting the local Department of Environmental Quality office.
Home Buyers’ Questions that Realtors Should Address
Possession of a comprehensive maintenance record demonstrates that the owner takes good care of the property and, to a certain extent, can testify that the system will continue to function for a fair period of time after the purchase. Consider the scenario in which a realtor, who is expected to be familiar with the specifics of a home, was unable to answer a simple question such as “When was the last time the septic tank was pumped?” or “When was the last time the aerator was serviced?” This would be analogous to a used vehicle dealer being unable to provide a response to the query concerning when the automobile’s last oil change was performed.
If a buyer inquires about this information, the selling agent should request that the seller supply it to the buyer.
Do I need to update the septic system if I make house expansions?
The septic system is built to accommodate a specific dwelling size (number of occupants and bedrooms). If more bedrooms are added to the property after the purchase in order to suit a bigger family size, the OWTS may need to be amended or adjusted to reflect this. It is important to verify with the local Department of Environmental Quality office.
Is the current OWTS covered by installation warranties and service agreements?
The septic system is built to accommodate the size of the home being constructed. (number of occupants and bedrooms).
If more bedrooms are added to the property after the purchase in order to suit a bigger family size, the OWTS may need to be amended or adjusted to reflect the new information. It is essential to check with the local Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) before traveling.
What if the septic system would have problems?
This is where knowing the installer’s and service provider’s details would be extremely beneficial. When there are issues with the system, it is best to contact someone who is knowledgeable with it. Additionally, it is critical to ensure that the property has a repair area (discussed earlier). The construction of structures on land that was originally designated as a repair area might pose a major threat to the integrity of the site.
What are the maintenance requirements of the existing system?
The amount and kind of maintenance required varies depending on the system. Especially if the purchasers have no prior experience with septic systems in a previous residence, it is preferable if the realtor can advise them of basic maintenance needs and advice. There may be cases in which homebuyers are unwilling to cope with the additional “hassle” of maintaining a system, which is why this is crucial to understand. Refer to Extension Fact SheetPSS-2914, Keep your Septic System in Working Order, for further information on the specific maintenance needs of different systems.
Here are a few simple maintenance tips a realtor could share with a homebuyer:
Work within the system’s daily treatment capacity to ensure a successful outcome. The volume of wastewater that a system can treat in a day is limited by the period of time the system is operational. It is the responsibility of the property owner to be aware of this restriction and to ensure that it is not exceeded. In certain circumstances, this might necessitate changes to the way key water-using appliances in the house are configured. For example, delaying washing until after visitors have left, limiting the number of loads of clothing laundered each day, and refraining from using the shower, clothes washer, and dishwasher at the same time are all examples of modifications.
- Knowing how the present OWTS operates will give prospective home buyers an idea of the degree of care and skill required to keep the system in good working order.
- Be mindful of what should and should not be flushed down the toilet.
- Kitchen sink drains should not be clogged with grease or cooking oils that have been utilized.
- Using the toilet or sink to dispose of household chemicals or unwanted drugs such as antibiotics or hormonal therapies is never a good idea.
- Have your septic tanks inspected on a regular basis.
Septic tanks have a maximum capacity for the quantity of solid waste they can handle. Table 2 indicates the estimated frequency of septic tank pumping as determined by the manufacturer. Table 2 shows the estimated frequency of septic tank inspection and pumping in years (adapted from Mancl, 1984).
|Number of People Using the System|
|Tank Size (gallons)||1||2||4||6||8|
Keep the spray field/drain field in front of the home in good condition. Knowing where the lines or spray heads in your drain field are located is the first step in properly managing your drain field. Homeowners should take the following steps to guarantee that the soil in the drain field outside the house is in proper working condition: Maintaining an appropriate grass cover over the drain field, diverting surface waters (runoff and water from gutters) away from the drain field, and keeping heavy traffic, such as vehicles and heavy equipment, away from the drain field are all important considerations to consider.
Permissible Systems in Oklahoma
Traditional on-site wastewater treatment systems are the most extensively utilized and least expensive form of on-site wastewater treatment system available. Essentially, it is comprised of two major components: 1) the septic tank, and 2) the soil treatment area (STA). If the site has deep, excellent soils (loamy sands, loam, clay-loam, sandy clay), and the soil size criteria of the STA are met, this is the ideal approach. In this system, wastewater treatment is performed in the soil, and wastewater distribution is accomplished by the use of gravity throughout the STA.
The schematic representation of a standard septic system is depicted in Figure 1.
Low Pressure Dosing (LPD) System
Although comparable to the traditional system, the low-pressure dosing system incorporates a pump tank instead of a pressure regulator. It is employed in locations where there are only minor restrictions in terms of soil texture, soil thickness, and area size. When employed in locations with coarse soils (such as sand or loamy coarse sand) that do not match the land area requirements of a traditional system, it can be very effective in improving water quality. The pressure created in the pump tank is utilized to spread the effluent evenly across the whole soil treatment area, as shown in the diagram below.
Evapotranspiration/Absorption System (ET/A)
A third alternative is the ET/A system, which is suitable for locations with fine-textured soils (high clay content). If you live in a location where evapotranspiration surpasses precipitation, this system is a very suitable alternative for you. One acre is the bare minimum lot size required for this system. In Oklahoma, this would be more appropriate in locations west of Interstate 35 (for example, the panhandle) than in the state’s southeast.
Aerobic Treatment System
In Oklahoma, the aerobic therapy approach is now quite popular among residents. It is employed in regions where there are significant limits in terms of soil texture, soil thickness, slope, and other site constraints. It is equipped with an aeration tank, in which the wastewater is bubbled with ambient air (has about 20 percent oxygen). Introduction of oxygen considerably increases microbial activity, which in turn improves wastewater treatment prior to application to the soil or groundwater Subsurface drip lines or a spray irrigation system can be used to disseminate effluent, or it can be used to apply it to the surface.
This system will require a significant amount of maintenance compared to comparable systems. A schematic representation of an aerobic treatment system is shown in Figure 2. The garbage tank, the aeration tank, and the pump tank are the three compartments/smaller tanks in another form of this system.
Using treatment lagoons in locations where evaporation exceeds total precipitation is a viable option. When it comes to wastewater disposal, it mostly relies on evaporation. In this system, a large open pond serves as the storage and evaporation area, while a septic tank serves as the pre-treatment area for wastewater. On any type of soil with a minimum lot size of two and a half acres, lagoons are permissible for construction.
When none of the systems outlined above can be implemented or is not practicable, there are other options. The use of an alternate OWTS is required in these situations. Contact your local DEQ office or call 405-702-6100 for more information about alternative systems, including the many types of systems that are available and how to apply for and get permission for alternative systems in your area. Refer to Extension Fact Sheet for a more in-depth description of the different OWTS that are authorized in Oklahoma.
LB Home Services is owned and operated by Larry Boyanton, who is a certified installer, plumbing contractor, and licensed home inspector.